One Way of Ambiguous

American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 96 (4):545-570 (2022)
  Copy   BIBTEX


This study provides the historical background to, and analysis and translations of, two seminal texts from the medieval Islamic world concerning the univocity of being/existence and a theory of “ambiguous predication” (tashkīk), which is similar to the Thomistic theory of analogy. The disputants are Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī (1149–1210), who defended a theory of the univocity of being, and Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī (1201–1274), who defended the theory of ambiguous predication. While the purported issue is whether a quiddity can cause its own existence, the debate extends further. Rāzī draws on several arguments that “existence” must be predicated univocally of God and creature and then concludes that, given the univocity of “existence,” God cannot be simple, but is a composite of the divine quiddity and distinct attributes. In contrast, Ṭūsī denies that “existence” is said univocally of God and creature and rather is predicated ambiguously/analogously, and then defends divine simplicity.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 91,386

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

How to solve probability teasers-discussion.Maya Bar-Hillel - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (2):348-358.
How to solve probability teasers.Maya Bar-Hillel - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (2):348-358.
Noisy vs. Merely Equivocal Logics.Patrick Allo - 2013 - In Francesco Berto, Edwin Mares, Koji Tanaka & Francesco Paoli (eds.), Paraconsistency: Logic and Applications. Springer. pp. 57--79.
Ambiguity.Kent Bach - manuscript
Is 'Cause' Ambiguous?Phil Corkum - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 179:2945-71.


Added to PP

19 (#778,470)

6 months
8 (#342,364)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Jon McGinnis
University of Missouri, St. Louis
Rosabel Ansari
State University of New York, Stony Brook

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references