Results for 'working memory'

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  1.  3
    Working Memory, Thought, and Action.Alan Baddeley - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    'Working Memory, Thought, and Action' is the magnum opus of one of the most influential cognitive psychologists of the past 50 years. This new volume on the model he created discusses the developments that have occurred within the model in the past twenty years, and places it within a broader context.
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  2.  80
    Verbal Working Memory and Sentence Comprehension.David Caplan & Gloria S. Waters - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):77-94.
    This target article discusses the verbal working memory system used in sentence comprehension. We review the concept of working memory as a short-duration system in which small amounts of information are simultaneously stored and manipulated in the service of accomplishing a task. We summarize the argument that syntactic processing in sentence comprehension requires such a storage and computational system. We then ask whether the working memory system used in syntactic processing is the same as (...)
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  3.  36
    Working Memory Span and the Role of Proactive Interference.Cindy Lustig, Cynthia P. May & Lynn Hasher - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (2):199.
  4.  35
    The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory.Naoyuki Osaka, Robert H. Logie & Mark D'Esposito (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Working memory has been one of the most intensively studied systems in cognitive psychology. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory brings together world class researchers from around the world to summarise our current knowledge of this field, and directions for future research.
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  5. Working Memory and Consciousness: The Current State of Play.Marjan Persuh, Eric LaRock & Jacob Berger - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
    Working memory, an important posit in cognitive science, allows one to temporarily store and manipulate information in the service of ongoing tasks. Working memory has been traditionally classified as an explicit memory system – that is, as operating on and maintaining only consciously perceived information. Recently, however, several studies have questioned this assumption, purporting to provide evidence for unconscious working memory. In this paper, we focus on visual working memory and critically (...)
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  6.  60
    Working Memory, Executive Function, and General Fluid Intelligence Are Not the Same.Richard P. Heitz, Thomas S. Redick, David Z. Hambrick, Michael J. Kane, Andrew R. A. Conway & Randall W. Engle - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):135-136.
    Blair equates the constructs of working memory (WM), executive function, and general fluid intelligence (gF). We argue that there is good reason not to equate these constructs. We view WM and gF as separable but highly related, and suggest that the mechanism behind the relationship is controlled attention – an ability that is dependent on normal functioning of the prefrontal cortex. (Published Online April 5 2006).
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  7.  6
    Do Working Memory Capacity and Test Anxiety Modulate the Beneficial Effects of Testing on New Learning?Chunliang Yang, Bukuan Sun, Rosalind Potts, Rongjun Yu, Liang Luo & David R. Shanks - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 26 (4):724-738.
    Although testing has repeatedly been shown to be one of the most effective strategies for consolidating retention of studied information (the backward testing effect) and facilitating mastery of new information (the forward testing effect), few studies have explored individual differences in the beneficial effects of testing. The current study recruited a large sample (1,032 participants) to explore the potential roles of working memory capacity and test anxiety in the enhancing effects of testing on new learning, and the converse (...)
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  8.  89
    Visual Working Memory Capacity: From Psychophysics and Neurobiology to Individual Differences.Steven J. Luck & Edward K. Vogel - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (8):391-400.
  9. Working Memory Retention Systems: A State of Activated Long-Term Memory.Daniel S. Ruchkin, Jordan Grafman, Katherine Cameron & Rita S. Berndt - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):709-728.
    High temporal resolution event-related brain potential and electroencephalographic coherence studies of the neural substrate of short-term storage in working memory indicate that the sustained coactivation of both prefrontal cortex and the posterior cortical systems that participate in the initial perception and comprehension of the retained information are involved in its storage. These studies further show that short-term storage mechanisms involve an increase in neural synchrony between prefrontal cortex and posterior cortex and the enhanced activation of long-term memory (...)
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  10. Working Memory Recruits Long-Term Memory When It is Beneficial: Evidence From the Hebb Effect.Eda Mızrak & Klaus Oberauer - 2022 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 151 (4):763-780.
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  11.  68
    Working Memory is Not a Natural Kind and Cannot Explain Central Cognition.Javier Gomez-Lavin - 2021 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 12 (2):199-225.
    Working memory is a foundational construct of cognitive psychology, where it is thought to be a capacity that enables us to keep information in mind and to use that information to support goal directed behavior. Philosophers have recently employed working memory to explain central cognitive processes, from consciousness to reasoning. In this paper, I show that working memory cannot meet even a minimal account of natural kindhood, as the functions of maintenance and manipulation of (...)
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  12.  16
    The Generality of Working Memory Capacity: A Latent-Variable Approach to Verbal and Visuospatial Memory Span and Reasoning.Michael J. Kane, David Z. Hambrick, Stephen W. Tuholski, Oliver Wilhelm, Tabitha W. Payne & Randall W. Engle - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (2):189-217.
  13.  36
    Working Memory and Neural Oscillations: Alpha–Gamma Versus Theta–Gamma Codes for Distinct WM Information?Frédéric Roux & Peter J. Uhlhaas - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (1):16-25.
  14.  32
    Working Memory, Short-Term Memory, and General Fluid Intelligence: A Latent-Variable Approach.Randall W. Engle, Stephen W. Tuholski, James E. Laughlin & Andrew R. A. Conway - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (3):309.
  15.  82
    Working-Memory Capacity and the Control of Attention: The Contributions of Goal Neglect, Response Competition, and Task Set to Stroop Interference.Michael J. Kane & Randall W. Engle - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (1):47.
  16.  8
    Working Memory Training and Perceptual Discrimination Training Impact Overlapping and Distinct Neurocognitive Processes: Evidence From Event-Related Potentials and Transfer of Training Gains.Thomas J. Covey, Janet L. Shucard & David W. Shucard - 2019 - Cognition 182:50-72.
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  17.  34
    Visual Working Memory Resources Are Best Characterized as Dynamic, Quantifiable Mnemonic Traces.Bella Z. Veksler, Rachel Boyd, Christopher W. Myers, Glenn Gunzelmann, Hansjörg Neth & Wayne D. Gray - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (1):83-101.
    Visual working memory is a construct hypothesized to store a small amount of accurate perceptual information that can be brought to bear on a task. Much research concerns the construct's capacity and the precision of the information stored. Two prominent theories of VWM representation have emerged: slot-based and continuous-resource mechanisms. Prior modeling work suggests that a continuous resource that varies over trials with variable capacity and a potential to make localization errors best accounts for the empirical data. Questions (...)
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  18.  3
    Emotional Distraction in Working Memory: Bayesian-Based Evidence of the Equivalent Effect of Positive and Neutral Interference.Javier Pacios, José M. Caperos, David del Río & Fernando Maestú - 2021 - Cognition and Emotion 35 (2):282-290.
    Evidence has shown that negative distracting stimuli are most difficult to control when we are focused in a relevant task, while positive and neutral distractors might be equally overcome. Still, r...
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  19.  36
    Implicit Working Memory.Ran R. Hassin, John A. Bargh, Andrew D. Engell & Kathleen C. McCulloch - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):665-678.
    Working Memory plays a crucial role in many high-level cognitive processes . The prevalent view holds that active components of WM are predominantly intentional and conscious. This conception is oftentimes expressed explicitly, but it is best reflected in the nature of major WM tasks: All of them are blatantly explicit. We developed two new WM paradigms that allow for an examination of the role of conscious awareness in WM. Results from five studies show that WM can operate unintentionally (...)
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  20.  57
    Working Memory in Nonsymbolic Approximate Arithmetic Processing: A Dual‐Task Study With Preschoolers.Iro Xenidou‐Dervou, Ernest C. D. M. Lieshout & Menno Schoot - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (1):101-127.
    Preschool children have been proven to possess nonsymbolic approximate arithmetic skills before learning how to manipulate symbolic math and thus before any formal math instruction. It has been assumed that nonsymbolic approximate math tasks necessitate the allocation of Working Memory (WM) resources. WM has been consistently shown to be an important predictor of children's math development and achievement. The aim of our study was to uncover the specific role of WM in nonsymbolic approximate math. For this purpose, we (...)
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  21.  17
    A Working Memory Account for Spatial–Numerical Associations.Jean-Philippe van Dijck & Wim Fias - 2011 - Cognition 119 (1):114-119.
  22. Working Memory Capacity and its Relation to General Intelligence.Andrew R. A. Conway, Michael J. Kane & Randall W. Engle - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (12):547-552.
  23. Consciousness, Attention, and Working Memory: An Empirical Evaluation of Prinz's Theory of Consciousness.David Barrett - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (9-10):7-29.
    A popular issue in mind is to explain why conscious mental states are conscious. Prinz (2012) defends three claims in an effort to make such an explanation: (i)mental states become conscious when and only when we attend to them; (ii)attention is a process by which mental states become available to working memory; so (iii) mental states are conscious when and only when they become available to working memory. Here I attack Prinz's theory, made explicit in (iii), (...)
     
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  24. Working Memory and Conscious Awareness.A. D. Baddeley - 1993 - In A. Collins, S. Gathercole, Martin A. Conway & P. E. Morris (eds.), Theories of Memory. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  25.  27
    Reassessing Working Memory: Comment on Just and Carpenter and Waters and Caplan.Maryellen C. MacDonald & Morten H. Christiansen - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (1):35-54.
  26.  27
    Working Memory in Wayfinding—A Dual Task Experiment in a Virtual City.Tobias Meilinger, Markus Knauff & Heinrich H. Bülthoff - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (4):755-770.
  27.  57
    Working Memory Involvement in Propositional and Spatial Reasoning.Karl Christoph Klauer - 1997 - Thinking and Reasoning 3 (1):9 – 47.
    Four experiments assessed the relative involvement of different working memory components in two types of reasoning tasks: propositional and spatial reasoning. Using the secondary-task methodology, visual, central-executive, and phonological loads were realised. Although the involvement of visuospatial resources in propositional reasoning has traditionally been considered to be small, an overall analysis of the present data suggests an alternative account. A theoretical analysis of the pattern of results in terms of Evans' (1984, 1989) twostage theory of reasoning is proposed (...)
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  28.  26
    Working Memory Capacity and Spontaneous Emotion Regulation in Generalised Anxiety Disorder.K. Lira Yoon, Joelle LeMoult, Atayeh Hamedani & Randi McCabe - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (1):215-221.
    Researchers have postulated that deficits in cognitive control are associated with, and thus may underlie, the perseverative thinking that characterises generalised anxiety disorder. We examined associations between cognitive control and levels of spontaneous state rumination following a stressor in a sample of healthy control participants and participants with GAD. We assessed cognitive control by measuring working memory capacity, defined as the ability to maintain task-relevant information by ignoring task-irrelevant information. To this end, we used an affective version of (...)
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  29.  36
    Working Memory and the Vividness of Imagery.Alan D. Baddeley & Jackie Andrade - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 129 (1):126-145.
  30.  31
    Working Memory From the Psychological and Neurosciences Perspectives: A Review.Wen Jia Chai, Aini Ismafairus Abd Hamid & Jafri Malin Abdullah - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  31.  19
    Low Working Memory Capacity is Only Spuriously Related to Poor Reading Comprehension.Julie A. Van Dyke, Clinton L. Johns & Anuenue Kukona - 2014 - Cognition 131 (3):373-403.
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  32.  24
    Working Memory and the Control of Action: Evidence From Task Switching.Alan Baddeley, Dino Chincotta & Anna Adlam - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):641.
  33. Working Memory and Language.Susan E. Gathercole - 2009 - In Gareth Gaskell (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  34.  19
    Working Memory in Social Anxiety Disorder: Better Manipulation of Emotional Versus Neutral Material in Working Memory.K. Lira Yoon, Amanda M. Kutz, Joelle LeMoult & Jutta Joormann - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (8):1733-1740.
    Individuals with social anxiety disorder engage in post-event processing, a form of perseverative thinking. Given that deficits in working memory might underlie perseverative thinking, we examined working memory in SAD with a particular focus on the effects of stimulus valence. SAD and healthy control participants either maintained or reversed in working memory the order of four emotional or four neutral pictures, and we examined sorting costs, which reflect the extent to which performance deteriorated on (...)
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  35.  11
    The Centered Mind: What the Science of Working Memory Shows Us About the Nature of Human Thought.Peter Carruthers - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The Centered Mind offers a new view of the nature and causal determinants of both reflective thinking and, more generally, the stream of consciousness. Peter Carruthers argues that conscious thought is always sensory-based, relying on the resources of the working-memory system. This system enables sensory images to be sustained and manipulated through attentional signals directed at midlevel sensory areas of the brain. When abstract conceptual representations are bound into these images, we consciously experience ourselves as making judgments or (...)
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  36.  57
    Working Memory and Everyday Conditional Reasoning: Retrieval and Inhibition of Stored Counterexamples.Wim De Neys, Walter Schaeken & Géry D'Ydewalle - 2005 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (4):349-381.
  37.  15
    Working Memory Differences in Long-Distance Dependency Resolution.Bruno Nicenboim, Shravan Vasishth, Carolina Gattei, Mariano Sigman & Reinhold Kliegl - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  38.  14
    Working Memory Won't Work.Lynn Nadel - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):338-339.
  39.  3
    Visual Working Memory of Chinese Characters and Expertise: The Expert’s Memory Advantage Is Based on Long-Term Knowledge of Visual Word Forms.Hubert D. Zimmer & Benjamin Fischer - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  40.  54
    Working Memory and Reasoning: An Individual Differences Perspective.Alison Capon, Simon Handley & Ian Dennis - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):203 – 244.
    This article reports three experiments that investigated the relationship between working memory capacity and syllogistic and five-term series spatial inference. A series of complex and simple verbal and spatial working memory measures were employed. Correlational analyses showed that verbal and spatial working memory span tasks consistently predicted syllogistic and spatial reasoning performance. A confirmatory factor analysis showed that three factors best accounted for the data--a verbal, a spatial, and a general factor. Syllogistic reasoning performance (...)
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  41.  13
    Working Memory Updating and the Development of Rule-Guided Behavior.Dima Amso, Sara Haas, Lauren McShane & David Badre - 2014 - Cognition 133 (1):201-210.
  42.  5
    Working Memory and Retrieval: A Resource-Dependent Inhibition Model.Andrew R. A. Conway & Randall W. Engle - 1994 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 123 (4):354-373.
  43.  13
    Working Memory Updating and Binding Training: Bayesian Evidence Supporting the Absence of Transfer.Carla De Simoni & Claudia C. von Bastian - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (6):829-858.
  44.  49
    Attention, Working Memory, and Phenomenal Experience of WM Content: Memory Levels Determined by Different Types of Top-Down Modulation.Jane Jacob, Christianne Jacobs & Juha Silvanto - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  45.  32
    The Working Memory Ponzo Illusion: Involuntary Integration of Visuospatial Information Stored in Visual Working Memory.Mowei Shen, Haokui Xu, Haihang Zhang, Rende Shui, Meng Zhang & Jifan Zhou - 2015 - Cognition 141:26-35.
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  46.  5
    The Effects of Working Memory Updating Training in Parkinson’s Disease: A Feasibility and Single-Subject Study on Cognition, Movement and Functional Brain Response.Lois Walton, Magdalena Eriksson Domellöf, Carl-Johan Boraxbekk, Erik Domellöf, Louise Rönnqvist, David Bäckström, Lars Forsgren & Anna Stigsdotter Neely - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    In Parkinson’s disease, the fronto-striatal network is involved in motor and cognitive symptoms. Working memory updating training engages this network in healthy populations, as observed by improved cognitive performance and increased striatal BOLD signal. This two-part study aimed to assess the feasibility of WM updating training in PD and measure change in cognition, movement and functional brain response in one individual with PD after WM updating training. A feasibility and single-subject study were performed in which patients with PD (...)
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  47.  10
    Verbal Working Memory Predicts Co-Speech Gesture: Evidence From Individual Differences.Maureen Gillespie, Ariel N. James, Kara D. Federmeier & Duane G. Watson - 2014 - Cognition 132 (2):174-180.
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  48.  8
    Working Memory Training is Associated with Long Term Attainments in Math and Reading.Stina Söderqvist & Sissela Bergman Nutley - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  49.  5
    Working Memory Maintenance: Sustained Firing or Synaptic Mechanisms?Juha Silvanto - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (3):152-154.
  50. Working Memory, Inhibitory Control and the Development of Children's Reasoning.Dr Simon J. Handley, A. Capon, M. Beveridge, I. Dennis & J. St BT Evans - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):175 – 195.
    The ability to reason independently from one's own goals or beliefs has long been recognised as a key characteristic of the development of formal operational thought. In this article we present the results of a study that examined the correlates of this ability in a group of 10-year-old children ( N = 61). Participants were presented with conditional and relational reasoning items, where the content was manipulated such that the conclusion to the arguments were either congruent, neutral, or incongruent with (...)
     
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