Results for 'self-organization'

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  1.  48
    Self-Organization, Free Energy Minimization, and Optimal Grip on a Field of Affordances.Jelle Bruineberg & Erik Rietveld - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8:1-14.
    In this paper, we set out to develop a theoretical and conceptual framework for the new field of Radical Embodied Cognitive Neuroscience. This framework should be able to integrate insights from several relevant disciplines: theory on embodied cognition, ecological psychology, phenomenology, dynamical systems theory, and neurodynamics. We suggest that the main task of Radical Embodied Cognitive Neuroscience is to investigate the phenomenon of skilled intentionality from the perspective of the self-organization of the brain-body-environment system, while doing justice to (...)
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  2.  20
    The Origins of Order: Self Organization and Selection in Evolution.Stuart A. Kauffman - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    Stuart Kauffman here presents a brilliant new paradigm for evolutionary biology, one that extends the basic concepts of Darwinian evolution to accommodate recent findings and perspectives from the fields of biology, physics, chemistry and mathematics. The book drives to the heart of the exciting debate on the origins of life and maintenance of order in complex biological systems. It focuses on the concept of self-organization: the spontaneous emergence of order that is widely observed throughout nature Kauffman argues that (...)
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  3. The Self Organization of Human Interaction.Rick Dale, Riccardo Fusaroli, Nicholas Duran & Daniel Richardson - 2013 - Psychology of Learning and Motivation 59.
    We describe a “centipede’s dilemma” that faces the sciences of human interaction. Research on human interaction has been involved in extensive theoretical debate, although the vast majority of research tends to focus on a small set of human behaviors, cognitive processes, and interactive contexts. The problem is that naturalistic human interaction must integrate all of these factors simultaneously, and grander theoretical mitigation cannot come only from focused experimental or computational agendas. We look to dynamical systems theory as a framework for (...)
     
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  4.  74
    The Self-Organization of Time and Causality: Steps Towards Understanding the Ultimate Origin. [REVIEW]Francis Heylighen - 2010 - Foundations of Science 15 (4):345-356.
    Possibly the most fundamental scientific problem is the origin of time and causality. The inherent difficulty is that all scientific theories of origins and evolution consider the existence of time and causality as given. We tackle this problem by starting from the concept of self-organization, which is seen as the spontaneous emergence of order out of primordial chaos. Self-organization can be explained by the selective retention of invariant or consistent variations, implying a breaking of the initial (...)
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  5.  27
    Self-Organization of Cognitive Performance.Guy C. Van Orden, John G. Holden & Michael T. Turvey - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (3):331.
  6.  1
    Cellular SelfOrganization: An Overdrive in Cambrian Diversity?Filip Vujovic, Neil Hunter & Ramin M. Farahani - forthcoming - Bioessays:2200033.
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  7.  58
    Complexity, Self-Organization and Selection.Robert C. Richardson - 2001 - Biology and Philosophy 16 (5):653-682.
    Recent work on self organization promises an explanation of complex order which is independent of adaptation. Self-organizing systems are complex systems of simple units, projecting order as a consequence of localized and generally nonlinear interactions between these units. Stuart Kauffman offers one variation on the theme of self-organization, offering what he calls a ``statistical mechanics'' for complex systems. This paper explores the explanatory strategies deployed in this ``statistical mechanics,'' initially focusing on the autonomy of statistical (...)
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  8.  46
    Topological SelfOrganization and Prediction Learning Support Both Action and Lexical Chains in the Brain.Fabian Chersi, Marcello Ferro, Giovanni Pezzulo & Vito Pirrelli - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (3):476-491.
    A growing body of evidence in cognitive psychology and neuroscience suggests a deep interconnection between sensory-motor and language systems in the brain. Based on recent neurophysiological findings on the anatomo-functional organization of the fronto-parietal network, we present a computational model showing that language processing may have reused or co-developed organizing principles, functionality, and learning mechanisms typical of premotor circuit. The proposed model combines principles of Hebbian topological self-organization and prediction learning. Trained on sequences of either motor or (...)
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  9.  39
    Dynamic SelfOrganization and Early Lexical Development in Children.Ping Li, Xiaowei Zhao & Brian Mac Whinney - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (4):581-612.
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  10. Neurodemocracy: Self-Organization of the Embodied Mind.Linus Huang - 2017 - Dissertation, University of Sydney
    This thesis contributes to a better conceptual understanding of how self-organized control works. I begin by analyzing the control problem and its solution space. I argue that the two prominent solutions offered by classical cognitive science (centralized control with rich commands, e.g., the Fodorian central systems) and embodied cognitive science (distributed control with simple commands, such as the subsumption architecture by Rodney Brooks) are merely two positions in a two-dimensional solution space. I outline two alternative positions: one is distributed (...)
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  11. Improvisation and the Self-Organization of Multiple Musical Bodies.Ashley E. Walton, Michael J. Richardson, Peter Langland-Hassan & Anthony Chemero - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6:1-9.
  12. Seven Properties of Self-Organization in the Human Brain.Birgitta Dresp-Langley - 2020 - Big Data and Cognitive Computing 2 (4):10.
    The principle of self-organization has acquired a fundamental significance in the newly emerging field of computational philosophy. Self-organizing systems have been described in various domains in science and philosophy including physics, neuroscience, biology and medicine, ecology, and sociology. While system architecture and their general purpose may depend on domain-specific concepts and definitions, there are (at least) seven key properties of self-organization clearly identified in brain systems: 1) modular connectivity, 2) unsupervised learning, 3) adaptive ability, 4) (...)
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  13.  14
    The Self-Organization of Genomes.Ramon Ferrer-I.-Cancho & Núria Forns - 2010 - Complexity 15 (5):NA-NA.
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  14.  57
    Self-Organization and Self-Governance.J. T. Ismael - 2011 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (3):327-351.
    The intuitive difference between a system that choreographs the motion of its parts in the service of goals of its own formulation and a system composed of a collection of parts doing their own thing without coordination has been shaken by now familiar examples of self-organization. There is a broad and growing presumption in parts of philosophy and across the sciences that the appearance of centralized information-processing and control in the service of system-wide goals is mere appearance, i.e., (...)
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  15. Self-Organization Takes Time Too.Iris van Rooij - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):63-71.
    Four articles in this issue of topiCS (volume 4, issue 1) argue against a computational approach in cognitive science in favor of a dynamical approach. I concur that the computational approach faces some considerable explanatory challenges. Yet the dynamicists’ proposal that cognition is self-organized seems to only go so far in addressing these challenges. Take, for instance, the hypothesis that cognitive behavior emerges when brain and body (re-)configure to satisfy task and environmental constraints. It is known that for certain (...)
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  16.  22
    Self Organization and Adaptation in Insect Societies.Robert E. Page & Sandra D. Mitchell - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:289 - 298.
    Division of labor and its associated phenomena have been viewed as prime examples of group-level adaptations. However, the adaptations are the result of the process of evolution by natural selection and thus require that groups of insects once existed and competed for reproduction, some of which had a heritable division of labor while others did not. We present models, based on those of Kauffman (1984) that demonstrate how division of labor may occur spontaneously among groups of mutually tolerant individuals. We (...)
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  17.  49
    Self-organization, Individuation and Identity.John Collier - 2004 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 2:151-172.
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  18. Self-Organization in the Dreaming Brain.Stanley Krippner & Allan Combs - 2000 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 21 (4):399-412.
    This paper approaches dreaming consciousness through an examination of the self-organizing properties of the sleeping brain. This view offers a step toward reconciliation between brain-based and content-based attempts to understand the nature of dreaming. Here it is argued that the brain can be understood as a complex self-organizing system that in dreaming responds to subtle influences such as residual feelings and memories. The hyper-responsiveness of the brain during dreaming is viewed in terms of the tendency of complex chaotic-like (...)
     
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  19. Natural Selection and Self-Organization.Bruce H. Weber & David J. Depew - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (1):33-65.
    The Darwinian concept of natural selection was conceived within a set of Newtonian background assumptions about systems dynamics. Mendelian genetics at first did not sit well with the gradualist assumptions of the Darwinian theory. Eventually, however, Mendelism and Darwinism were fused by reformulating natural selection in statistical terms. This reflected a shift to a more probabilistic set of background assumptions based upon Boltzmannian systems dynamics. Recent developments in molecular genetics and paleontology have put pressure on Darwinism once again. Current work (...)
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  20. Self-Organization, Emergence, and Constraint in Complex Natural Systems.Jon Lawhead - manuscript
    Contemporary complexity theory has been instrumental in providing novel rigorous definitions for some classic philosophical concepts, including emergence. In an attempt to provide an account of emergence that is consistent with complexity and dynamical systems theory, several authors have turned to the notion of constraints on state transitions. Drawing on complexity theory directly, this paper builds on those accounts, further developing the constraint-based interpretation of emergence and arguing that such accounts recover many of the features of more traditional accounts. We (...)
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  21. Intentional Self-Organization. Emergence and Reduction: Towards a Physical Theory of Intentionality.Henri Atlan - 1998 - Thesis Eleven 52 (1):5-34.
    This article addresses the question of the mechanisms of the emergence of structure and meaning in the biological and physical sciences. It proceeds from an examination of the concept of intentionality and proposes a model of intentional behavior on the basis of results of computer simulations of structural and functional self-organization. Current attempts to endow intuitive aspects of meaningful complexity with operational content are analyzed and the metaphor of DNA as a computer program is critically examined in relation (...)
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  22.  52
    Self-Organization and Emergence in Life Sciences (Synthese Library, Volume 331).Bernard Feltz (ed.) - 2006 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    Historical aspects of the issue are also broached. Intuitions relative to self-organization can be found in the works of such key Western philosophical figures as Aristotle, Leibniz and Kant. Interacting with more recent authors and cybernetics, self-organization represents a notion in keeping with the modern world’s discovery of radical complexity. The themes of teleology and emergence are analyzed by philosophers of sciences with regards to the issues of modelization and scientific explanation. (publisher, edited).
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  23. Emergence, Self-Organization, and Social Interaction: Arousal-Dependent Structure in Social Systems.Thomas S. Smith & Gregory T. Stevens - 1996 - Sociological Theory 14 (2):131-153.
    The understanding of emergent, self-organizing phenomena has been immensely deepened in recent years on the basis of simulation-based theoretical research. We discuss these new ideas, and illustrate them using examples from several fields. Our discussion serves to introduce equivalent self-organized phenomena in social interaction. Interaction systems appear to be structured partly by virtue of such emergents. These appear under specific conditions: When cognitive buffering is inadequate relative to the levels of stress persons are subjected to, anxiety-spreading has the (...)
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  24.  15
    Self-Organization of Meaning and the Reflexive Communication of Information.Loet Leydesdorff, Alexander M. Petersen & Inga Ivanova - 2017 - Social Science Information 56 (1):4-27.
    Following a suggestion from Warren Weaver, we extend the Shannon model of communication piecemeal into a complex systems model in which communication is differentiated both vertically and horizontally. This model enables us to bridge the divide between Niklas Luhmann’s theory of the self-organization of meaning in communications and empirical research using information theory. First, we distinguish between communication relations and correlations among patterns of relations. The correlations span a vector space in which relations are positioned and can be (...)
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  25.  36
    SelfOrganization and Selection in the Emergence of Vocabulary.Jinyun Ke, James W. Minett, Ching-Pong Au & William S.-Y. Wang - 2002 - Complexity 7 (3):41-54.
  26. Science of Self-Organization and Self-Organization of Science.Irina Dobronravova & Wolfgang Hofkirchner (eds.) - 2004 - "Abris".
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  27.  25
    Self-Organization and Agency: In Chemistry and In Process Philosophy.Joseph E. Earley - 1981 - Process Studies 11 (4):242-258.
    Nature abounds in compound individuals. Discrete, functioning entities are made up of components which are, in some sense, also individuals. Scientists sometimes need to be concerned with whether aggregates (e.g.. species of plants) or components (e.g., quarks) exist. but such questions are not generally regarded as having great importance for science. It has often happened, however, that scientific developments have had major significance for subsequent philosophical discussion of problems of the one and the many. Recently, there has been considerable increase (...)
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  28.  53
    Self-Organization: Kant's Concept of Teleology and Modern Chemistry.Alicia Juarrero Roqué - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 39 (1):107 - 135.
    AS IS WELL KNOWN, one of Kant's major concerns was the reconciliation of Newtonian science and metaphysics, a preoccupation made particularly acute by the need to provide a satisfactory explanation of organisms. It is in light of his claim that only the mechanistic principles of Newton's physics can provide scientific knowledge that the role to be played by purposiveness becomes problematic. Purpose appears to resist mechanistic explanation and is therefore a major impediment to unifying science under one set of principles. (...)
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  29.  63
    Self Organization, Autopoiesis, and Enterprises.Randall Whitaker - unknown
    'Self organization' is a popular theme in current studies of human social activity, enterprises, and information technology (IT). This document introduces one well developed theory of self organization (autopoietic theory) and discusses its application to enterprises and their management.
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  30.  8
    At Home in the Universe the Search for Laws of Self-Organization and Complexity.Stuart Kauffman & Stuart A. Kauffman - 1995 - Oxford University Press, Usa.
    The author examines the concept of self-organization, or as he calls it "order for free," discussing how it occurs more frequently in nature than originally believed.
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  31.  71
    Self-Organization and Irreducibly Complex Systems: A Reply to Shanks and Joplin.Michael J. Behe - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (1):155-162.
    Some biochemical systems require multiple, well-matched parts in order to function, and the removal of any of the parts eliminates the function. I have previously labeled such systems "irreducibly complex," and argued that they are stumbling blocks for Darwinian theory. Instead I proposed that they are best explained as the result of deliberate intelligent design. In a recent article Shanks and Joplin analyze and find wanting the use of irreducible complexity as a marker for intelligent design. Their primary counterexample is (...)
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  32.  56
    Visions of Evolution: Self-Organization Proposes What Natural Selection Disposes.David Batten, Stanley Salthe & Fabio Boschetti - 2008 - Biological Theory 3 (1):17-29.
    This article reviews the seven “visions” of evolution proposed by Depew and Weber , concluding that each posited relationship between natural selection and self-organization has suited different aims and approaches. In the second section of the article, we show that these seven viewpoints may be collapsed into three fundamentally different ones: natural selection drives evolution; self-organization drives evolution; and natural selection and self-organization are complementary aspects of the evolutionary process. We then argue that these (...)
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  33.  9
    Integrated SelfOrganization of Transitional ER and Early Golgi Compartments.Benjamin S. Glick - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (2):129-133.
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  34. Self-Organization in Network Sociotechnical Systems.Svetlana Maltseva, Vasily Kornilov & Vladimir Barakhnin - 2022 - Complexity 2022:1-24.
    We can observe self-organization properties in various systems. However, modern networked dynamical sociotechnical systems have some features that allow for realizing the benefits of self-organization in a wide range of systems in economic and social areas. The review examines the general principles of self-organized systems, as well as the features of the implementation of self-organization in sociotechnical systems. We also delve into the production systems, in which the technical component is decisive, and social (...)
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  35.  4
    Exponential Self-Organization and Moore’s Law: Measures and Mechanisms.Georgi Yordanov Georgiev, Atanu Chatterjee & Germano Iannacchione - 2017 - Complexity 2017:1-9.
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  36.  40
    Information Self-Organization and Consciousness—Towards a Holoinformational Theory of Consciousness.Francisco Biasdie & Mario Sergio Rocha - 1999 - World Futures 53 (4):309-327.
    (1999). Information selforganization and consciousness—towards a holoinformational theory of consciousness. World Futures: Vol. 53, No. 4, pp. 309-327.
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  37. Systems, Self-Organization and Information: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.Alfredo Pereira & William Alfred Pickering - 2018 - Routledge.
    Complex system studies are a growing area of central importance to a wide range of disciplines, ranging from physics to politics and beyond. Adopting this interdisciplinary approach, Systems, Self-Organisation and Information presents and discusses a range of ground-breaking research in complex systems theory. Building upon foundational concepts, the volume introduces a theory of Self-Organization, providing definitions of concepts including system, structure, organization, functionality, and boundary. Biophysical and cognitive approaches to Self-Organization are also covered, discussing (...)
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  38.  15
    Natural Selection and Self-Organization Do Not Make Meaning, while the Agent’s Choice Does.Kalevi Kull - 2021 - Biosemiotics 14 (1):49-53.
    Demonstration of illusiveness of basic beliefs of the Modern Synthesis implies the existence of evolutionary mechanisms that do not require natural selection for the origin of adaptations. This requires adaptive changes that occur independently from replication, but can occasionally become heritable. Plastic self-organizational changes regulated by genome are largely incorporable into the old theory. A fundamentally different source of adaptability is semiosis which includes the agent’s free choice. Adding semiosis into the theory of Extended Evolutionary Synthesis completes the distancing (...)
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  39.  32
    Molecular Self-Organization; a Bridge Between Physics and Biology.Włodzimierz Ługowski - 2007 - Dialogue and Universalism 17 (12):57-66.
    The philosophical foundations of the theory of molecular self-organization (TMS) are reconstructed and compared with the explicit methodological statements made by occasions by its author(s). Special attention is paid to those philosophical fundamentals of TMS which can turn out helpful in answering the question evoking vivid discussions in the philosophy of nature of the recent decades: whether it is possible to search for a physico-chemical explanation of the genesis of life and at the same time defend its specific (...)
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  40.  43
    Self-Organization and Emergence Are Some Irrelevant Concepts Without Their Association with the Concepts of Hetero-Organization and Immergence.E. Bernard-Weil - 1995 - Acta Biotheoretica 43 (4):351-362.
    There are many reasons for questioning the relevance of the concepts of self-organization (SO) and emergence. By studying three types of SO, respectively related to ontogeny, phylogeny and formalized models, we show that we always have to suppose an associated hetero-organization and preconceived immergence, unconsciously present in the authors mind. In order to understand how these unusual couples are working, they must be considered as agonistic antagonistic couples. Heteroorganization and immergence put constraints on the system so that (...)
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  41.  16
    Wuwei, Self-Organization, and Classroom Dynamics.Hongyu Wang - 2019 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 51 (11):1141-1151.
    This article juxtaposes the notion of wuwei in Daoism and philosophical principles of self-organization in systems theory to re-imagine classroom dynamics in which pedagogical relationships...
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  42. Consciousness as a Phenomenon in the Operational Architectonics of Brain Organization: Criticality and Self-Organization Considerations.Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts & Carlos F. H. Neves - 2013 - Chaos, Solitons and Fractals 55:13-31.
    In this paper we aim to show that phenomenal consciousness is realized by a particular level of brain operational organization and that understanding human consciousness requires a description of the laws of the immediately underlying neural collective phenomena, the nested hierarchy of electromagnetic fields of brain activity – operational architectonics. We argue that the subjective mental reality and the objective neurobiological reality, although seemingly worlds apart, are intimately connected along a unified metastable continuum and are both guided by the (...)
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  43.  14
    Self-Organization of Genic and Intergenic Sequence Lengths in Genomes: Statistical Properties and Linguistic Coherence.Sertac Eroglu - 2016 - Complexity 21 (1):268-282.
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  44.  50
    Consciousness, Self-Organization, and the Process-Substratum Relation: Rethinking Nonreductive Physicalism.Ralph D. Ellis - 2000 - Philosophical Psychology 13 (2):173-190.
    Knowing only what is empirically knowable can't by itself entail knowledge of what consciousness "is like." But if dualism is to be avoided, the question arises: how can a process be completely empirically unobservable when all of its components are completely observable? The recently emerging theory of self-organization offers resources with which to resolve this problem: Consciousness can be an empirically unobservable process because the emotions motivating attention are experienced only from the perspective of the one whose phenomenal (...)
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  45. Self-Organization: The Basic Principle of Neural Functions.János Szentágothai - 1993 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (2).
    Recent neurophysiological observations are giving rise to the expectation that in the near future genuine biological experiments may contribute more than will premature speculations to the understanding of global and cognitive functions. The classical reflex principle — as the basis of neural functions — has to yield to new ideas, like autopoiesis and/or self-organization, as the basic paradigm in the framework of which the essence of the neural can be better understood. Neural activity starts in the very earliest (...)
     
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  46.  7
    Design for Evolution: Self-Organization and Planning in the Life of Human Systems.Erich Jantsch - 1975 - G. Braziller.
    Explores the acquisition and use of knowledge for human purposes and the extent of our ability to shape the future through the design, regulation, and restructuring of the lives of human systems at all levels.
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  47.  26
    Transcendental Self-Organization.Carl N. Johnson & Melanie Nyhof - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):478-478.
    Bering makes a good case for turning attention to an organized system that provides the self with transcendental meaning. In focusing on the evolutionary basis of this system, however, he overlooks the self-organizing properties of cognitive systems themselves. We propose that the illusory system Bering describes can be more generally and parsimoniously viewed as an emergent by-product of self-organization, with no need for specialized “illusion by design.”.
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  48.  33
    Modeling Self -Organization.Stanley N. Salthe - 1988 - Semiotics:14-23.
    Foremost among the tasks facing a semiotically-informed modeling of natural open systems is the recognition and representation of self-organization. This forces attention on process, time, and energetics to complement the conventional semiotic bias toward structure, space, and informatics. While self -organization might be captured in numerous operational idioms, we suggest that the fundamentally distinctive formal structures of (a) development (intrinsic predictability) and (b) evolution (unexpected change through change in contextual meaning) constitute thewarp and woof of virtually (...)
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  49.  7
    The Self-Organization Law of Intersubjective Ideals: The Problem of Chaos, Order, Freedom and Liability Relationship.Kadzhik Martiros Oganyan, Vladimir Vladimirovich Pyzh, Sergey Ivanovich Petrov & Karina Kadzhik Oganyan - 2018 - Wisdom 11 (2):71-84.
    The relevance of the study is due to the need of theoretical and methodological interpretation of the relationship between freedom and responsibility, chaos and order in the frame of the synergetic philosophy of history in implementing the law of self-organization of intersubjective ideals under new social conditions.
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  50.  5
    The Self-Organization of a Spoken Word.John G. Holden & Srinivasan Rajaraman - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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