Results for 'self-evidence'

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  1.  31
    Intuition, Self-Evidence, and Understanding.Philip Stratton-Lake - 2016 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 11.
    According to ethical intuitionists, basic moral propositions are self-evident. Robert Audi has made significant progress articulating and defending this view, claiming that an adequate understanding of a self-evident proposition justifies rather than compels belief. It is argued here that understanding a proposition cannot justify belief in it, and that intuition, suitably understood, provides the right sort of justification. An alternative account is offered of self-evidence based on intuition rather than understanding, and it is concluded that once (...)
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  2.  88
    Understanding, SelfEvidence, and Justification.Robert Audi - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 99 (2):358-381.
    Self-evidence is plausibly taken to be a status that marks propositions as capable of being justifiedly believed on the basis of understanding them. This paper explicates and defends that view. The paper shows that the broadly linguistic kind of understanding implied by basic semantic comprehension of a formulation of a self-evident proposition does not entail being justified in believing that proposition; that the kind of understanding adequate to yield such justification is multi-dimensional; and that there are many (...)
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  3. Intuition, Self-Evidence, and Understanding.Stratton-Lake Philip - 2016 - In Russ Shafer Landau (ed.), Oxford Studes in Meta Ethics. Oxford: OUP. pp. 28-44.
    Here I criticise Audi's account of self-evidece. I deny that understanding of a proposition can justify belief in it and offfer an account of intuition that can take the place of understanding in an account of self-evidence.
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  4. Self-Evidence.Robert Audi - 1999 - Philosophical Perspectives 13:205-228.
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  5.  13
    Self-Evidence.Robert Audi - 1999 - Noûs 33 (s13):205-228.
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  6.  37
    Self Evidence.Simon Schaffer - 1992 - Critical Inquiry 18 (2):327-362.
    There seems to be an important historical connexion between changes in the concept of evidence and that of the person capable of giving evidence. Michel Foucault urged that during the classical age the relationship between evidence and the person was reversed: scholasticism derived statements’ authority from that of their authors, while scientists now hold that matters of fact are the most impersonal of statements.1 In a similar vein, Ian Hacking defines a kind of evidence which ‘consists (...)
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  7. Self-Evidence and A Priori Moral Knowledge.Elizabeth Tropman - 2012 - Disputatio 4 (33):459-467.
    According to rationalists about moral knowledge, some moral truths are knowable a priori. Rationalists often defend their position by claiming that some moral propositions are self-evidently true. Copp 2007 has recently challenged this rationalist strategy. Copp argues that even if some moral propositions are self-evident, this is not enough to secure rationalism about moral knowledge, since it turns out that such self-evident propositions are only knowable a posteriori. This paper considers the merits of Copp’s challenge. After clarifying (...)
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  8. Frege's Notions of Self-Evidence.Robin Jeshion - 2001 - Mind 110 (440):937-976.
    Controversy remains over exactly why Frege aimed to estabish logicism. In this essay, I argue that the most influential interpretations of Frege's motivations fall short because they misunderstand or neglect Frege's claims that axioms must be self-evident. I offer an interpretation of his appeals to self-evidence and attempt to show that they reveal a previously overlooked motivation for establishing logicism, one which has roots in the Euclidean rationalist tradition. More specifically, my view is that Frege had two (...)
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  9.  41
    Self-Evidence and Proof.C. H. Perelman - 1958 - Philosophy 33 (127):289 - 302.
    There is an argument, well known in the history of philosophy, which makes all knowledge ultimately depend on some kind of intuitive or sensory immediacy. According to this argument, either the proposition itself is self–evident; 2 or else it can be shown to follow, with the help of a chain of intermediate links, from other propositions which are self–evident. Moreover, it is this selfevidence of immediate knowledge and only this which, again speaking traditionally, sufficiently guarantees the (...)
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  10. Self-Evidence and Ritual Speech.John W. Du Bois - 1986 - In Wallace L. Chafe & Johanna Nichols (eds.), Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology. Ablex.
     
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  11. The Seeming Account of Self-Evidence: An Alternative to Audian Account.Hossein Dabbagh - 2018 - Logos and Episteme 9 (3):261-284.
    In this paper, I argue against the epistemology of some contemporary moral intuitionists who believe that the notion of self-evidence is more important than that of intuition. Quite the contrary, I think the notion of intuition is more basic if intuitions are construed as intellectual seemings. First, I will start with elaborating Robert Audi’s account of self-evidence. Next, I criticise his account on the basis of the idea of “adequate understanding”. I shall then present my alternative (...)
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  12. Self-Evidence.Carl Ginet - 2010 - Logos and Episteme 1 (2):325-352.
    ABSTRACT: This paper develops an account of what it is for a proposition to be self- evident to someone, based on the idea that certain propositions are such that to fully understand them is to believe them. It argues that when a proposition p is self-evident to one, one has non-inferential a priori justification for believing that p and, a welcome feature, a justification that does not involve exercising any special sort of intuitive faculty; if, in addition, it (...)
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  13.  16
    Self-Evidence and Disagreement in Ethics.Ryan Fanselow - 2011 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 5 (3):1-17.
    Moral epistemology, like general epistemology, faces a regress problem. Suppose someone demands to know why I am justified in holding a moral belief. In a typical case, I will respond by citing a further moral belief that justifies it. A regress arises because, in order for this further belief to justify anything, it too must be justified. According to a traditional position in moral epistemology, moral foundationalism, the regress comes to an end with some moral beliefs. Moral foundationalism is an (...)
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  14. We Hold These Truths to Be Self-Evident: But What Do We Mean by That?: We Hold These Truths to Be Self-Evident.Stewart Shapiro - 2009 - Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):175-207.
    At the beginning of Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik [1884], Frege observes that “it is in the nature of mathematics to prefer proof, where proof is possible”. This, of course, is true, but thinkers differ on why it is that mathematicians prefer proof. And what of propositions for which no proof is possible? What of axioms? This talk explores various notions of self-evidence, and the role they play in various foundational systems, notably those of Frege and Zermelo. I argue (...)
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  15. Everything is Self-Evident.Steven Diggin - 2021 - Logos and Episteme: An International Journal of Epistemology 12 (4):413-426.
    Plausible probabilistic accounts of evidential support entail that every true proposition is evidence for itself. This paper defends this surprising principle against a series of recent objections from Jessica Brown. Specifically, the paper argues that: (i) explanationist accounts of evidential support convergently entail that every true proposition is self-evident, and (ii) it is often felicitous to cite a true proposition as evidence for itself, just not under that description. The paper also develops an objection involving the apparent (...)
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  16.  5
    Self-Evidence.Carl Ginet - 2009 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 54 (2):9-31.
    This paper develops an account of what it is for a proposition to be self-evident to someone, based on the idea that certain propositions are such that to fully understand them is to believe them. It argues that when a proposition p is self-evident to one, one has non-inferential a priori justification for believing that p and, a welcome feature, a justification that does not involve exercising any special sort of intuitive faculty; if, in addition, it is true (...)
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  17. On Self-Evidency.Abas Ahmadi Sadi - 2012 - پژوهشنامه فلسفه دین 1 (1):137-152.
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  18.  13
    Self-Evidence and Matter of Fact.G. F. Stout - 1934 - Philosophy 9 (36):389 - 404.
    The distinction tentatively drawn by Mr. Porteous at the last meeting of the Society between logical and causal necessity depends on the more general distinction between what is known or capable of being known as self-evident and what is known only as matter of fact. That there are three cows in a field is a matter of fact. That 1 + 2 = 3 is self-evident and necessarily true . So soon as the question is raised it is (...)
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  19.  1
    Self-Evident Propositions in Late Scholasticism: The Case of "God Exists".P. Dvořák - 2013 - Acta Comeniana 27:47-73.
    The paper explores the status of the proposition "God exists" in late scholastic debates of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in some key authors of the era. A proposition is said to be self-evident if its truth is known solely from the meaning of the terms and is not inferred from other propositions. It does not appear to be immediately evident from the terms that God exists, for the concept expressed by "God" is based on the relation to creatures (...)
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  20.  78
    Higher-Order Evidence and the Dynamics of Self-Location: An Accuracy-Based Argument for Calibrationism.Brett Topey - forthcoming - Erkenntnis.
    The thesis that agents should calibrate their beliefs in the face of higher-order evidence—i.e., should adjust their first-order beliefs in response to evidence suggesting that the reasoning underlying those beliefs is faulty—is sometimes thought to be in tension with Bayesian approaches to belief update: in order to obey Bayesian norms, it's claimed, agents must remain steadfast in the face of higher-order evidence. But I argue that this claim is incorrect. In particular, I motivate a minimal constraint on (...)
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  21. Self-Evidence, Theory and Anti-Theory.Simon T. Kirchin - unknown
    In this article I consider the recent revival of moral intuitionism and focus on its prospects, especially by thinking about what it means to understand a moral claim. From this I consider the implications for both generalists and particularists in normative ethical theory, or at least those who are also intuitionists. I conclude that the prospects for both theoretical families are bleak, and hence that intuitionism itself is in trouble and has some work to do.
     
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  22.  30
    Self-Evidence.Norman Coles - 1964 - Analysis 24 (3):58 - 62.
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  23.  13
    Self-Evidence[REVIEW]Michael Ryan - 1980 - Diacritics 10 (2):2.
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  24.  51
    Self-Evidence.C. A. Campbell - 1960 - Philosophical Quarterly 10 (39):138-155.
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  25. Self-Evident Truths Cannot Be Stated Literally.Anthony Nemetz - 1966 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 40:163.
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  26.  22
    Self-Evidence in Moral Life.Thomas Digby - 1986 - Journal of Value Inquiry 20 (4):319-326.
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  27.  27
    Self-Evident Truths Cannot Be Stated Literally.Anthony Hemetz - 1966 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 40:163-168.
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  28.  12
    Self-Evidence.Klaus Hartmann - 1977 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 8 (2):79-93.
  29.  28
    Self-Evidence.Donald McQueen - 1986 - Philosophia 16 (1):11-28.
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  30.  39
    Self-Evidence, Human Nature, and Natural Law.Mark C. Murphy - 1995 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 69 (3):471-484.
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  31.  25
    On Self-Evidence in Metaphysics.Ch Perelman - 1964 - International Philosophical Quarterly 4 (1):5-19.
  32.  1
    Rossian Intuitionism Without Self-Evidence?David Kaspar - 2022 - Philosophies 7 (3):68.
    The first phase of the recent intuitionist revival left untouched Ross’s claim that fundamental moral truths are self-evident. In a recent article, Robert Cowan attempts to explain, in a plausible way, how we know moral truths. The result is that, while the broad framework of Ross’s theory appears to remain in place, the self-evidence of moral truths is thrown into doubt. In this paper, I examine Cowan’s Conceptual Intuitionism. I use his own proposal to show how he (...)
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  33.  28
    Self- Evidence and Principia Ethica.Noah Lemos - 1985 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (4):451-464.
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  34. Frege: Evidence for Self-Evidence.Robin Jeshion - 2004 - Mind 113 (449):131-138.
  35.  46
    Is Choice Self-Evident?Kai Hauser - 2005 - American Philosophical Quarterly 42 (4):237 - 261.
  36.  2
    Self- Evidence and Principia Ethica.Noah Lemos - 1985 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (4):451-464.
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  37.  4
    Justifying the Self-Evident.Mike Stange - 2021 - Idealistic Studies 51 (3):211-254.
    In Fichte’s early views of the basic laws of traditional formal logic, primarily the law of identity, there is a tension that has gone surprisingly unexplored: While Fichte holds the statements of these laws to be self-evidently true and absolutely certain, he nevertheless claims that they remain to be justified by his “Science of Knowledge.” The aim of this article is to make sense of this tension and to explore how it translates into the dialectical structure and methodology of (...)
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  38. Agreement and the Self-Evident in Philo of Larissa.Harold Tarrant - 1981 - Dionysius 5:66-97.
     
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  39.  3
    Images and Self-Evidence.Michael Martin & Heiner Fangerau - 2019 - In Arno Görgen, German Alfonso Nunez & Heiner Fangerau (eds.), Handbook of Popular Culture and Biomedicine: Knowledge in the Life Sciences as Cultural Artefact. Springer Verlag. pp. 95-113.
    Representations of medicine in pop culture often have an iconographic character. Thereby, they set in a double sense of self-evidence. They represent on the one hand, self-evidently a medical context, and on the other hand, they act to transport or at least illustrate self-evident medical pieces of knowledge. In this contribution, we will give an overview of the current research about the visual self-evidence. Different strategies that serve the production of self-evident images in (...)
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  40. Lb. RIGHTS.What Was Self-Evident Alas - 2009 - In Matt Zwolinski (ed.), Arguing About Political Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 123.
  41.  23
    Aquinas on the Self-Evidence of God's Existence.Richard R. La Croix - 1976 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 6 (3):443-454.
    In the Summa Theologia I, beginning at question 2, article 3, and in the Summa Contra Gentiles I, beginning at chapter 13, Aquinas provides five proofs for the existence of God. These proofs are intended to demonstrate that God exists and to provide the foundation for a larger program to demonstrate many other doctrines which are held by faith. However, the program which Aquinas sets up for himself in the two great Summae is trivial and unnecessary if the existence of (...)
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  42.  12
    Is This Self-Evident? Husserl’s Phenomenological Method and the Psychopathology of Common Sense.Michela Summa - 2012 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 3 (2):191-207.
    Il presente articolo si propone di mettere in luce la rilevanza teorica della fenomenologia per la psicopatologia. A tal fine, l’argomentazione sarà focalizzata sul lavoro dello psichiatra tedesco Wolfgang Blankenburg. Nel concepire e sviluppare la sua cosiddetta “psicopatologia del senso comune”, Blankenburg fa costantemente appello alla fenomenologica husserliana ed instaura con essa un dialogo proficuo sul piano teorico ed epistemologico. Questo confronto consente a Blankenburg, da un lato, di elaborare un approccio alla psicopatologia fondato fenomenologicamente e, d’altro lato, di ridefinire (...)
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  43.  26
    ‘We Hold These Truths to Be Self-Evident’: Deconstructing ‘Evidence-Based’ Medical Practice.Ignaas Devisch & Stuart J. Murray - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):950-964.
    Rationale, aims and objectives : Evidence-based medicine (EBM) claims to be based on 'evidence', rather than 'intuition'. However, EBM's fundamental distinction between quantitative 'evidence' and qualitative 'intuition' is not self-evident. The meaning of 'evidence' is unclear and no studies of quality exist to demonstrate the superiority of EBM in health care settings. This paper argues that, despite itself, EBM holds out only the illusion of conclusive scientific rigour for clinical decision making, and that EBM ultimately (...)
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  44.  5
    Justifying the Self-Evident in Advance.Mike Stange - forthcoming - Idealistic Studies.
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  45. The Embodied Self: Evidence From Cognitive Psychology and Neuro-Psychology.P. C. Vitz - 2006 - In Paul C. Vitz & Susan M. Felch (eds.), The Self: Beyond the Postmodern Crisis. Isi Books. pp. 113--127.
  46. 8 Evolution and Self-Evidence.William S. Robinson - 1999 - In Philip R. Loockvane (ed.), The Nature of Concepts: Evolution, Structure, and Representation. Routledge. pp. 168.
     
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  47. On the Evident, the Self-Evident and the (Merely) Observed.Daniel N. Robinson - 2002 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 47:197-210.
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  48.  31
    Moritz Schlick on Self-Evidence.Franz von Kutschera - 1985 - Synthese 64 (3):307 - 315.
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  49. Interpretation and Self-Evidence.David Carr - 1979 - Analecta Husserliana 9:133.
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  50.  19
    Duns Scotus and the Self-Evident Proposition.Brennan Van Hook - 1962 - New Scholasticism 36 (1):29-48.
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