Results for 'saliva'

31 found
Order:
  1. Saliva Ontology: An Ontology-Based Framework for a Salivaomics Knowledge Base.Jiye Ai, Barry Smith & David Wong - 2010 - BMC Bioinformatics 11 (1):302.
    The Salivaomics Knowledge Base (SKB) is designed to serve as a computational infrastructure that can permit global exploration and utilization of data and information relevant to salivaomics. SKB is created by aligning (1) the saliva biomarker discovery and validation resources at UCLA with (2) the ontology resources developed by the OBO (Open Biomedical Ontologies) Foundry, including a new Saliva Ontology (SALO). We define the Saliva Ontology (SALO; http://www.skb.ucla.edu/SALO/) as a consensus-based controlled vocabulary of terms and relations dedicated (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  2.  15
    Gustatory Adaptation to Saliva and Sodium Chloride.Donald H. McBurney & Carl Pfaffmann - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (6):523.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   58 citations  
  3.  7
    Saliva Testosterone and Personality of Male College Students.James M. Dabbs & R. Barry Ruback - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (3):244-247.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4. Bioinformatics Advances in Saliva Diagnostics.Ji-Ye Ai, Barry Smith & David T. W. Wong - 2012 - International Journal of Oral Science 4 (2):85--87.
    There is a need recognized by the National Institute of Dental & Craniofacial Research and the National Cancer Institute to advance basic, translational and clinical saliva research. The goal of the Salivaomics Knowledge Base (SKB) is to create a data management system and web resource constructed to support human salivaomics research. To maximize the utility of the SKB for retrieval, integration and analysis of data, we have developed the Saliva Ontology and SDxMart. This article reviews the informatics advances (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5. Immunoassays of Steroids on Saliva.R. Vining, R. McGinley, F. Read & D. Riad-Fahmy - forthcoming - Alpha Omega.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  16
    The Physiological Role of Hormones in Saliva.Michael Gröschl - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (8):843-852.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Towards a Body Fluids Ontology: A Unified Application Ontology for Basic and Translational Science.Jiye Ai, Mauricio Barcellos Almeida, André Queiroz De Andrade, Alan Ruttenberg, David Tai Wai Wong & Barry Smith - 2011 - Second International Conference on Biomedical Ontology , Buffalo, Ny 833:227-229.
    We describe the rationale for an application ontology covering the domain of human body fluids that is designed to facilitate representation, reuse, sharing and integration of diagnostic, physiological, and biochemical data, We briefly review the Blood Ontology (BLO), Saliva Ontology (SALO) and Kidney and Urinary Pathway Ontology (KUPO) initiatives. We discuss the methods employed in each, and address the project of using them as starting point for a unified body fluids ontology resource. We conclude with a description of how (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  32
    The Prospects for Personalized Medicine.Shara Yurkiewicz - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (5):14-16.
    A woman with breast cancer takes a genetic test that predicts how active the tumors are and whether the benefits of chemotherapy outweigh the risks of side effects.A newlywed couple sends saliva samples to a start-up company to test for carrier genes for over one hundred inherited diseases, many of which are incurable or lethal.A heart transplant patient takes a blood test that detects patterns in gene expression to check for signs of rejection, making an invasive biopsy unnecessary.Each of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  9.  19
    Examining the Public Refusal to Consent to DNA Biobanking: Empirical Data From a Swedish Population-Based Study.P. A. Melas, L. K. Sjoholm, T. Forsner, M. Edhborg, N. Juth, Y. Forsell & C. Lavebratt - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (2):93-98.
    Objectives To investigate empirically the motivations for not consenting to DNA biobanking in a Swedish population-based study and to discuss the implications. Design Structured questionnaires and semistructured interviews. Setting A longitudinal epidemiological project (PART) ongoing since 1998 in Stockholm, Sweden. The DNA-collection wave took place during 2006–7. Participants 903 individuals completed the questionnaire (participation rate 36%) and 23 were interviewed. All individuals had participated in both non-genetic waves of the project, but refused to contribute saliva samples during the DNA-collection (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  10.  14
    A Dilemma for Naturalistic Theories of Intentionality.Michael J. Hegarty - 2021 - Filosofia Unisinos 22 (1):59-68.
    I argue that a dilemma arises for naturalistic philosophers of mind in the naturalised semantics tradition. Giving a naturalistic account of the mind is a pressing problem. Brentano’s Thesis — that a state is mental if, and only if, that state has underived representational content — provides an attractive route to naturalising the mental. If true, Brentano’s Thesis means that naturalising representation is sufficient for naturalising the mental. But a naturalist who accepts Brentano’s Thesis thus commits to an eliminativism about (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11.  70
    Vulnerability: Sex Workers in Nairobi's Majengo Slum.Pamela Andanda - 2009 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (2):138.
    Researchers from the Universities of Oxford, Nairobi, and Manitoba are collaborating on a project to develop an HIV vaccine based on the immunological protection mechanisms found in commercial sex workers from the Majengo slum in Nairobi. This group consists of educationally and economically disadvantaged women who resort to commercial sex work for a living. A clinic was established in the slum to study sexually transmitted diseases, which now includes HIV/AIDS. The clinic serves as a research facility for the collaborating researchers (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  28
    Conducta Ética de Parte de Los Profesores, Estudiantes de Pregrado y Postgrado: El Punto de Vista de Los Pacientes de Algunas Escuelas Odontológicas.Letícia Oliveira Tonin, Letícia Ferreira dos Santos, Cristhiane Leão de Queiroz, Julia Gabriela Dietrichkeit Pereira & Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva - 2017 - Persona y Bioética 21 (1).
    Introduction: The importance attached to ethical practice and related informed consent varies among health professionals and is further influenced by working environments, level of knowledge, experience and societal values and beliefs. The objective of this study is to evaluate the ethical conduct of professors, undergraduates and graduate students through questionnaires answered by patients. Methods: One hundred twenty patients at the dental clinics of three different dental schools in São Paulo State were interviewed based on objective and discursive questions about signed (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Behavioral Endocrinology: Integrating Mind and Body.Peter T. Ellison - 2020 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 4 (2):97-110.
    The nervous system and the endocrine system interact to integrate behavior and physiolo­gy. Hormones play an important role in this interaction, particularly steroid hormones. Other molecules, notably oxytocin, can serve both as hormones in the soma and neuro­modulators in the central nervous system. Understanding the influence of the endocrine system on human behavior, both individual and social, has been a primary focus of behav­ioral endocrinology for many decades, though technical and methodological challenges have been formidable. The recent enthusiasm for enzyme-linked (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  14
    AIDS Panic in the Twenty-First Century: The Tenuous Legal Status of HIV-Positive Persons in America.Richard G. Cockerill & Lance Wahlert - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (3):377-381.
    Thirty-four states criminalize HIV in some way, whether by mandating disclosure of one’s HIV status to all sexual partners or by deeming the saliva of HIV-positive persons a “deadly weapon.” In this paper, we argue that HIV-specific criminal laws are rooted in historical prejudice against HIV-positive persons as a class. While purporting to promote public health goals, these laws instead legally sanction discrimination against a class of persons.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  14
    Daily and Trait Rumination: Diurnal Cortisol Patterns in Adolescent Girls.Lori M. Hilt, Michael R. Sladek, Leah D. Doane & Catherine B. Stroud - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (8):1757-1767.
    Rumination is a maladaptive form of emotion regulation associated with psychopathology. Research with adults suggests that rumination covaries with diurnal cortisol rhythms, yet this has not been examined among adolescents. Here, we examine the day-to-day covariation between rumination and cortisol, and explore whether trait rumination is associated with alterations in diurnal cortisol rhythms among adolescent girls. Participants provided saliva samples 3 times per day over 3 days, along with daily reports of stress and rumination, questionnaires assessing trait rumination related (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  1
    Entangled Speech: Semiotic Sympoiesis for the Posthuman Commons.Klaus Spiess - 2021 - Technoetic Arts 19 (1):203-214.
    In our performance Entangled Speech, we connect the integration of microbial agency into a new complex ‘common good’ with the shared values of language. Drawing on a posthuman commons we aim for a hybrid language that not only processes formal symbols but also interacts with the microbes in the speaker’s mouth. We argue that the metaphors historically used to frame the relationship between microbiomes and speech cannot account for the co-creative material relationship between human speech and posthuman microbial, environmental and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  27
    Male-Female Differences in Effects of Parental Absence on Glucocorticoid Stress Response.Mark V. Flinn, Robert J. Quinlan, Seamus A. Decker, Mark T. Turner & Barry G. England - 1996 - Human Nature 7 (2):125-162.
    This study examines the family environments and hormone profiles of 316 individuals aged 2 months-58 years residing in a rural village on the east coast of Dominica, a former British colony in the West Indies. Fieldwork was conducted over an eight-year period (1988–1995). Research methods and techniques include radioimmunoassay of cortisol and testosterone from saliva samples (N=22,340), residence histories, behavioral observations of family interactions, extensive ethnographic interview and participant observation, psychological questionnaires, and medical examinations.Analyses of data indicate complex, sex-specific (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  18.  11
    Testosterone and Jamaican Fathers.Peter B. Gray, Jody Reece, Charlene Coore-Desai, Twana Dinall, Sydonnie Pellington & Maureen Samms-Vaughan - 2017 - Human Nature 28 (2):201-218.
    This paper investigates relationships between men’s testosterone and family life in a sample of approximately 350 Jamaican fathers of children 18–24 months of age. The study recognizes the role of testosterone as a proximate mechanism coordinating and reflecting male life history allocations within specific family and cultural contexts. A sample of Jamaican fathers and/or father figures reported to an assessment center for an interview based on a standardized questionnaire and provided a saliva sample for measuring testosterone level. Outcomes measured (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  19.  20
    Beyond Boundaries of Biomedicine: Pragmatic Perspectives on Health and Disease.Wim J. Van der Steen, Vincent K. Y. Ho & Ferry J. Karmelk - 2003 - Rodopi.
    Chapter 1 Introduction The man was coughing again. Shocked he was as he discovered that his saliva had a reddish taint. Would he have a lung disease after all? Cancer perhaps? Long ago, relatives of his had died from LC, lung cancer.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  8
    The Proximate Causes of Waorani Warfare.Rocio Alarcon, James Yost, Pamela Erickson & Stephen Beckerman - 2019 - Human Nature 30 (3):247-271.
    In response to recent work on the nature of human aggression, and to shed light on the proximate, as opposed to ultimate, causes of tribal warfare, we present a record of events leading to a fatal Waorani raid on a family from another tribe, followed by a detailed first-person observation of the behavior of the raiders as they prepared themselves for war, and upon their return. We contrast this attack with other Waorani aggressions and speculate on evidence regarding their hormonal (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  33
    A Walk in the Park: A Case Study in Research Ethics.Zita Lazzarini, Patricia Case & Cecil J. Thomas - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (1):93-103.
    Can researchers, interested in novel ways to assess HIV seroprevalence among populations which are otherwise hidden, collect condoms that have been discarded on the ground in a public sex environment and test them for HIV? Researchers, who use other types of abandoned samples, such as discarded syringes, hair or saliva samples, or excess biological samples, confront similar issues. This review evaluates whether such abandoned tissues can be studied based on U.S. Code of Federal Regulations and literature on related issues (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  12
    A Walk in the Park: A Case Study in Research Ethics.Zita Lazzarini, Patricia Case & Cecil J. Thomas - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (1):93-103.
    Can researchers, interested in novel ways to assess HIV seroprevalence among populations which are otherwise hidden, collect condoms that have been discarded on the ground in a public sex environment and test them for HIV? Does the Code of Federal Regulations address this question, and if not, what areas of research ethics might provide guidance to an IRB considering such a study? These questions arose as part of a preliminary study to test the feasibility of collecting discarded condoms from a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23.  6
    Evaluation of Psychological Stress, Cortisol Awakening Response, and Heart Rate Variability in Patients with Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome Complicated by Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms and Erectile Dysfunction.Jian Bai, Longjie Gu, Yinwei Chen, Xiaming Liu, Jun Yang, Mingchao Li, Xiyuan Dong, Shulin Yang, Bo Huang, Tao Wang, Lei Jin, Jihong Liu & Shaogang Wang - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundMental stress and imbalance of its two neural stress systems, the autonomic nervous system and the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, are associated with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome and erectile dysfunction. However, the comprehensive analyses of psychological stress and stress systems are under-investigated, particularly in CP/CPPS patients complicated by lower urinary tract symptoms and ED.Materials and methodsParticipants were 95 patients in CP/CPPS+ED group, 290 patients in CP/CPPS group, 124 patients in ED group and 52 healthy men in control group. The National Institutes (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  39
    Human Male Pair Bonding and Testosterone.Peter B. Gray, Judith Flynn Chapman, Terence C. Burnham, Matthew H. McIntyre, Susan F. Lipson & Peter T. Ellison - 2004 - Human Nature 15 (2):119-131.
    Previous research in North America has supported the view that male involvement in committed, romantic relationships is associated with lower testosterone (T) levels. Here, we test the prediction that undergraduate men involved in committed, romantic relationships (paired) will have lower T levels than men not involved in such relationships (unpaired). Further, we also test whether these differences are more apparent in samples collected later, rather than earlier, in the day. For this study, 107 undergraduate men filled out a questionnaire and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  25. An Ecological Momentary Music Intervention for the Reduction of Acute Stress in Daily Life: A Mixed Methods Feasibility Study.Anja C. Feneberg & Urs M. Nater - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Background: Despite the growing potential of mobile-based technologies, innovative interventions targeting the reduction of acute stress in daily life remain under-researched. Music listening is an easy-to-administer activity that is associated with lower levels of biological and self-reported stress. However, the application of music as an intervention in moments of acute stress in daily life remains to be examined. We developed a just-in-time intervention delivering music in moments of stressful experiences in daily life and tested its feasibility using a mixed methods (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  6
    Influences of Menstrual Cycle Position and Sex Hormone Levels on Spontaneous Intrusive Recollections Following Emotional Stimuli.Nikole K. Ferree, Rujvi Kamat & Larry Cahill - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1154-1162.
    Spontaneous intrusive recollections are known to follow emotional events in clinical and non-clinical populations. Previous work in our lab has found that women report more SIRs than men after exposure to emotional films, and that this effect is driven entirely by women in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. To replicate and extend this finding, participants viewed emotional films, provided saliva samples for sex hormone concentration analysis, and estimated SIR frequency following film viewing. Women in the luteal phase (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  2
    Stress Can Lead to an Increase in Smartphone Use in the Context of Texting While Walking.Maria Lilian Alcaraz, Élise Labonté-LeMoyne, Sonia Lupien, Sylvain Sénécal, Ann-Frances Cameron, François Bellavance & Pierre-Majorique Léger - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Texting while walking is a dangerous behavior that can lead to injury and even death. While several studies have examined the relationship between smartphone use and stress, to our knowledge no studies have yet investigated the relationship between stress and TWW. The objective of the present study was to investigate this relationship by examining the effects of stress on TWW, the effects of TWW on subsequent stress, and the effect of stress on multitasking performance. A total of 80 participants completed (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation (tACS) Does Not Affect Sports People’s Explosive Power: A Pilot Study.Andreina Giustiniani, Giuseppe Battaglia, Giuseppe Messina, Hely Morello, Salvatore Guastella, Angelo Iovane, Massimiliano Oliveri, Antonio Palma & Patrizia Proia - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Purpose: This study is aimed to preliminary investigate whether transcranial alternating current stimulation could affect explosive power considering genetic background in sport subjects.Methods: Seventeen healthy sports volunteers with at least 3 years of sports activities participated in the experiment. After 2 weeks of familiarization performed without any stimulation, each participant received either 50 Hz-tACS or sham-tACS. Before and after stimulation, subjects performed the following tests: the squat jump with the hands on the hips ; countermovement jump with the hands on (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  2
    Pre-Pandemic Psychobiological Features Predict Impact of COVID-19 Confinement on Loneliness.Shishir Baliyan, José Manuel Cimadevilla, Matias M. Pulopulos, Leyre Castillejo, Carmen Sandi & César Venero - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic led to various government-imposed limitations on social interaction and strict home confinement. Such involuntary social-distancing policies can exacerbate feelings of loneliness and alter emotional well-being. Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis is a potential mechanism for loneliness’ deleterious health effects. In this study, we explored whether pre-pandemic diurnal cortisol output, a measure of HPA axis function, may predict the propensity to changes in loneliness during long-term COVID-19 home confinement and if extraversion would moderate this relationship. This (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  8
    A Study of Human Salivary Conditioning.L. F. Jones - 1939 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (3):305.
  31.  3
    Advances in Oral Fluid Testing: Proposed Property Rights, Violation of Privacy, and Revising Informed Consent.Anthony Vernillo, Sudeshni Naidoo & Paul Root Wolpe - 2011 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 2 (2):137-146.