Results for 'research ethics'

1000+ found
Order:
See also
  1.  69
    Health Research Ethics Committees in South Africa 12 Years Into Democracy.Myer Landon & Moodley Keymanthri - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.
    Background Despite the growth of biomedical research in South Africa, there are few insights into the operation of Research Ethics Committees (RECs) in this setting. We investigated the composition, operations and training needs of health RECs in South Africa against the backdrop of national and international guidelines. Methods The 12 major health RECs in South Africa were surveyed using semi-structured questionnaires that investigated the composition and functions of each REC as well as the operational issues facing committees. (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  2. Guidelines for Research Ethics in Science and Technology.National Committee for Research Ethics in Science & Technology - 2009 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1).
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  15
    A Charter for Biomedical Research Ethics in a Progressive, Caring Society.Sylvie Vandoolaeghe, Alessandra Blaizot, Danie Boudiguet, Valérie Bougault, Eduardo Dei Cas, Benoît Foligne, Anne Goffard, Hélène Lefranc, Bénédicte Oxombre, Thomas Trentesaux, Bernard Vandenbunder, Isabelle Wolowczuk, Laurence Delhaes & The “Ethic and Research” Working Group - 2015 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 10:12.
    BackgroundGiven that advances in research continuously raise new ethical issues, a multidisciplinary working group of investigators involved in biomedical research has gathered to discuss and compare ethical viewpoints in their daily practice.MethodsThe working group has drafted a Charter for Ethics in Biomedical Research that encompasses all the steps in the research process, i.e. from the initial idea to analysis and publication of the results.ResultsBased on key principles for ethically responsible research, the Charter may serve (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Evaluating Institutional Capacity for Research Ethics in Africa: A Case Study From Botswana. [REVIEW]Adnan A. Hyder, Waleed Zafar, Joseph Ali, Robert Ssekubugu, Paul Ndebele & Nancy Kass - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):31.
    The increase in the volume of research conducted in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC), has brought a renewed international focus on processes for ethical conduct of research. Several programs have been initiated to strengthen the capacity for research ethics in LMIC. However, most such programs focus on individual training or development of ethics review committees. The objective of this paper is to present an approach to institutional capacity assessment in research ethics and (...)
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  5.  17
    Canadian Research Ethics Board Members’ Attitudes Toward Benefits From Clinical Trials.Kori Cook, Jeremy Snyder & John Calvert - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundWhile ethicists have for many years called for human subject trial participants and, in some cases, local community members to benefit from participation in pharmaceutical and other intervention-based therapies, little is known about how these discussions are impacting the practice of research ethics boards that grant ethical approval to many of these studies.MethodsTelephone interviews were conducted with 23 REB members from across Canada, a major funder country for human subject research internationally. All interviews were digitally recorded and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  6.  51
    Innovations in Research Ethics Governance in Humanitarian Settings.Doris Schopper, Angus Dawson, Ross Upshur, Aasim Ahmad, Amar Jesani, Raffaella Ravinetto, Michael J. Segelid, Sunita Sheel & Jerome Singh - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):10.
    Médecins Sans Frontières is one of the world’s leading humanitarian medical organizations. The increased emphasis in MSF on research led to the creation of an ethics review board in 2001. The ERB has encouraged innovation in the review of proposals and the interaction between the ERB and the organization. This has led to some of the advances in ethics governance described in this paper.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  7.  84
    Outcome of a Research Ethics Training Workshop Among Clinicians and Scientists in a Nigerian University.Ademola J. Ajuwon & Nancy Kass - 2008 - BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):1.
    In Nigeria, as in other developing countries, access to training in research ethics is limited, due to weak social, economic, and health infrastructure. The project described in this article was designed to develop the capacity of academic staff of the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria to conduct ethically acceptable research involving human participants.
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  8.  32
    Education of Research Ethics for Clinical Investigators with Moodle Tool.Arja Halkoaho, Mari Matveinen, Ville Leinonen, Kirsi Luoto & Tapani Keränen - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):53.
    In clinical research scientific, legal as well as ethical aspects are important. It is well known that clinical investigators at university hospitals have to undertake their PhD-studies alongside their daily work and reconciling work and study can be challenging. The aim of this project was to create a web based course in clinical research bioethics (5 credits) and to examine whether the method is suitable for teaching bioethics. The course comprised of six modules: an initial examination (to assess (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  9.  98
    Rethinking Research Ethics.Rosamond Rhodes - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):7 – 28.
    Contemporary research ethics policies started with reflection on the atrocities perpetrated upoconcentration camp inmates by Nazi doctors. Apparently, as a consequence of that experience, the policies that now guide human subject research focus on the protection of human subjects by making informed consent the centerpiece of regulatory attention. I take the choice of context for policy design, the initial prioritization of informed consent, and several associated conceptual missteps, to have set research ethics off in the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   63 citations  
  10.  18
    Rethinking Research Ethics.Rosamond Rhodes - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (10):19-36.
    Contemporary research ethics policies started with reflection on the atrocities perpetrated upon concentration camp inmates by Nazi doctors. Apparently, as a consequence of that experience, the policies that now guide human subject research focus on the protection of human subjects by making informed consent the centerpiece of regulatory attention. I take the choice of context for policy design, the initial prioritization of informed consent, and several associated conceptual missteps, to have set research ethics off in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   52 citations  
  11.  7
    Measuring Inconsistency in Research Ethics Committee Review.Samantha Trace & Simon Erik Kolstoe - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):1-10.
    Background The review of human participant research by Research Ethics Committees or Institutional Review Boards is a complex multi-faceted process that cannot be reduced to an algorithm. However, this does not give RECs/ IRBs permission to be inconsistent in their specific requirements to researchers or in their final opinions. In England the Health Research Authority coordinates 67 committees, and has adopted a consistency improvement plan including a process called “Shared Ethical Debate” where multiple committees review the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  12. WITHDRAWN—Administrative Duplicate Publication: Research Ethics Committees: The Ineligibles.Stephen Humphreys - 2016 - Sage Publications Ltd: Research Ethics.
    Research Ethics, Ahead of Print. Due to an administrative error, this article was accidentally published twice Online First with different DOIs. Humphreys S. Research ethics committees: The ineligibles. Research Ethics. doi: 10.1177/1747016112466979 However, the correct and citable version of the article remains: Humphreys S.. Research ethics committees: The ineligibles. Research Ethics. 11, 142−150. doi: 10.1177/1747016113489944.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  12
    The Dual Use of Research Ethics Committees: Why Professional Self-Governance Falls Short in Preserving Biosecurity.Sabine Salloch - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):53.
    Dual Use Research of Concern constitutes a major challenge for research practice and oversight on the local, national and international level. The situation in Germany is shaped by two partly competing suggestions of how to regulate security-related research: The German Ethics Council, as an independent political advisory body, recommended a series of measures, including national legislation on DURC. Competing with that, the German National Academy of Sciences and the German Research Foundation, as two major professional (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  14.  26
    Research Ethics Review at University Eduardo Mondlane /Maputo Central Hospital, Mozambique : A Descriptive Analysis of the Start-Up of a New Research Ethics Committee.Jahit Sacarlal, Vasco Muchanga, Carlos Mabutana, Matilde Mabui, Arlete Mariamo, Assa Júlio Cuamba, Leida Artur Fumo, Jacinta Silveira, Elizabeth Heitman & Troy D. Moon - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):37.
    Mozambique has seen remarkable growth in biomedical research over the last decade. To meet a growing need, the National Committee for Bioethics in Health of Mozambique encouraged the development of ethical review processes at institutions that regularly conduct medical and social science research. In 2012, the Faculty of Medicine of University Eduardo Mondlane and the Maputo Central Hospital established a joint Institutional Committee on Bioethics for Health. This study examines the experience of the first 4 years of the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  3
    Research Ethics Committees: The Ineligibles.Stephen Humphreys - 2016 - Research Ethics:174701611246697.
    Some anomalies in the legislation governing National Research Ethics Service research ethics committee member categories are discussed. It is suggested that not only may some members be in th...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  4
    Why Research Ethics Should Add Retrospective Review.Angus Dawson, Sapfo Lignou, Chesmal Siriwardhana & Dónal P. O’Mathúna - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-8.
    Research ethics is an integral part of research, especially that involving human subjects. However, concerns have been expressed that research ethics has come to be seen as a procedural concern focused on a few well-established ethical issues that researchers need to address to obtain ethical approval to begin their research. While such prospective review of research is important, we argue that it is not sufficient to address all aspects of research ethics. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  17.  42
    Research Ethics Governance in Times of Ebola.Doris Schopper, Raffaella Ravinetto, Lisa Schwartz, Eunice Kamaara, Sunita Sheel, Michael J. Segelid, Aasim Ahmad, Angus Dawson, Jerome Singh, Amar Jesani & Ross Upshur - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (1).
    The Médecins Sans Frontières ethics review board has been solicited in an unprecedented way to provide advice and review research protocols in an ‘emergency’ mode during the recent Ebola epidemic. Twenty-seven Ebola-related study protocols were reviewed between March 2014 and August 2015, ranging from epidemiological research, to behavioural research, infectivity studies and clinical trials with investigational products at early development stages. This article examines the MSF ERB’s experience addressing issues related to both the process of review (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  18.  34
    Polish Research Ethics Committees in the European Union System of Assessing Medical Experiments.Marek Czarkowski & Krzysztof Różanowski - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (2):201-212.
    The Polish equivalents of Research Ethics Committees are Bioethics Committees (BCs). A questionnaire study has been undertaken to determine their situation. The BC is usually comprised of 13 members. Nine of these are doctors and four are non-doctors. In 2006 BCs assessed an average of 27.3 ± 31.7 (range: 0–131) projects of clinical trials and 71.1 ± 139.8 (range: 0–638) projects of other types of medical research. During one BC meeting an average of 10.3 ± 14.7 (range: (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  19.  40
    Teaching Research Ethics: Can Web-Based Instruction Satisfy Appropriate Pedagogical Objectives? [REVIEW]Brian Schrag - 2005 - Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (3):347-366.
    Ethical tasks faced by researchers in science and engineering as they engage in research include recognition of moral problems in their practice, finding solutions to those moral problems, judging moral actions and engaging in preventive ethics. Given these issues, appropriate pedagogical objectives for research ethics education include (1) teaching researchers to recognize moral issues in their research, (2) teaching researchers to solve practical moral problems in their research from the perspective of the moral agent, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  20.  35
    Internet Research Ethics and the Institutional Review Board: Current Practices and Issues.Elizabeth A. Buchanan & Charles M. Ess - 2009 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 39 (3):43-49.
    The Internet has been used as a place for and site of an array of research activities. From online ethnographies to public data sets and online surveys, researchers and research regulators have struggled with an array of ethical issues around the conduct of online research. This paper presents a discussion and findings from Buchanan and Ess's study on US-based institutional review boards and the state of internet research ethics.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  21.  11
    Mapping Research Ethics Committees in Africa: Evidence of the Growth of Ethics Review of Health Research in Africa.Boitumelo Mokgatla, Carel IJsselmuiden, Doug Wassenaar & Mary Kasule - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (4):341-348.
    Health research initiatives worldwide are growing in scope and complexity, particularly as they move into the developing world. Expanding health research activity in low- and middle-income countries has resulted in a commensurate rise in the need for sound ethical review structures and functions in the form of Research Ethics Committees. The urgent need for continued capacity development in Africa has necessitated research initiatives to identify existing capacity. This discussion paper describes the mapping of RECs in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  22.  7
    Research Ethics Courses as a Vaccination Against a Toxic Research Environment or Culture.Nicole Shu Ling Yeo-Teh & Bor Luen Tang - 2021 - Research Ethics 17 (1):55-65.
    Hofmann and Holm’s recent survey on issues of research misconduct with PhD graduates culminated with a notable conclusion by the authors: ‘ Scientific misconduct seems to be an environmental issue as much as a matter of personal integrity’. Here, we re-emphasise the usefulness of an education-based countermeasure against toxic research environments or cultures that promote unethical practices amongst the younger researchers. We posit that an adequately conducted course in research ethics and integrity, with a good dose (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23.  22
    Research Ethics Education in Post-Graduate Medical Curricula in I.R. Iran.Nazila Nikravanfard, Faezeh Khorasanizadeh & Kazem Zendehdel - 2017 - Developing World Bioethics 17 (2):77-83.
    Research ethics training during post-graduate education is necessary to improve ethical standards in the design and conduct of biomedical research. We studied quality and quantity of research ethics training in the curricula of post-graduate programs in the medical science in I.R. Iran. We evaluated curricula of 125 post-graduate programs in medical sciences in I.R. Iran. We qualitatively studied the curricula by education level, including the Master and PhD degrees and analyzed the contents and the amount (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  24.  5
    Assessing Research Ethics Committees in Myanmar: Results of a Self-Assessment Tool.Zaw Zaw Oo, Min Wun, Yin Thet Nu Oo, Kyaw Swa Mya & Henry J. Silverman - 2020 - Asian Bioethics Review 12 (1):37-49.
    Human subjects research has increased in Myanmar since 2010 and, accordingly, the establishment of research ethics committees has increased review of these research studies. However, characteristics that reflect the operations of RECs in Myanmar have not been assessed. To assess the structures and processes of RECs at medical institutions in Myanmar, we used a self-assessment tool for RECs operating in low- and middle-income countries. This tool consists of the following ten domains: organizational aspects, membership and (...) training, submission arrangements and materials, meeting minutes, policies referring to review procedures, review of specific protocol and informed consent items, communication a decision, continuing review, REC resources and institutional commitment. We distributed this self-administered questionnaire to RECs from 15 medical institutions in Myanmar and one representative from each REC completed this questionnaire and returned it anonymously. We used descriptive, bivariate and multivariate statistics to analyse the data. Out of a maximum 200 points, the total mean score for Myanmar medical institutions was 112.6 ± 12.77, which is lower compared with the aggregate mean score of 137.4 ± 35.8 obtained from RECs in other countries. Domains in which the average percentage score was less than 60% included organizational commitment, membership and ethics training, continuing review and REC resources. Many RECs have a diverse membership and appropriate gender balance but lacked essential policies. The results show that for Myanmar RECs, there is significant room for improvement in their “structures and processes” as well as the extent of institutional commitment. The self-assessment tool proved to be a valuable method to assess the quality of RECs. (shrink)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  25.  28
    Do Research Ethics Committees Identify Process Errors in Applications for Ethical Approval?E. Angell & M. Dixon-Woods - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (2):130-132.
    We analysed research ethics committee (REC) letters. We found that RECs frequently identify process errors in applications from researchers that are not deemed “favourable” at first review. Errors include procedural violations (identified in 74% of all applications), missing information (68%), slip-ups (44%) and discrepancies (25%). Important questions arise about why the level of error identified by RECs is so high, and about how errors of different types should be handled.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  26. Emergency Research Ethics.A. M. Viens (ed.) - 2013 - Ashgate.
    The essays selected for this volume focus on issues that arise when attempting to design, review and undertake research involving human participants who are experiencing a private or public emergency. The main themes discussed by the essays are: the distinctive and significant ethical questions as to how research participants can be treated during emergency settings; the ethical challenges raised by emergencies for researchers undertaking research and its effects on the nature of research pursued; and procedural obstacles (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  27.  36
    Research Ethics in Japanese Higher Education: Faculty Attitudes and Cultural Mediation. [REVIEW]Bruce Macfarlane & Yoshiko Saitoh - 2008 - Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (3):181-195.
    Principles of research ethics, derived largely from Western philosophical thought, are spreading across the world of higher education. Since 2006 the Japanese Ministry of Education has required universities in Japan to establish codes of ethical conduct and ensure that procedures are in place to punish research misconduct. Drawing on semi-structured interviews with 13 academics in a research-intensive university in Japan, this paper considers how research ethics is interpreted in relation to their own practice. Interviewees (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  28.  18
    Should Research Ethics Committees Be Told How to Think?G. M. Sayers - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (1):39-42.
    Research ethics committees are charged with providing an opinion on whether research proposals are ethical. These committees are overseen by a central office that acts for the Department of Health and hence the State. An advisory group has recently reported back to the Department of Health, recommending that it should deal with inconsistency in the decisions made by different RECs. This article questions the desirability and feasibility of questing for consistent ethical decisions.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  29. Development and Pilot Testing of an Online Module for Ethics Education Based on the Nigerian National Code for Health Research Ethics.Olubunmi A. Ogunrin, Temidayo O. Ogundiran & Clement Adebamowo - 2013 - BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):1-.
    Background: The formulation and implementation of national ethical regulations to protect research participants is fundamental to ethical conduct of research. Ethics education and capacity are inadequate in developing African countries. This study was designed to develop a module for online training in research ethics based on the Nigerian National Code of Health Research Ethics and assess its ease of use and reliability among biomedical researchers in Nigeria.MethodologyThis was a three-phased evaluation study. Phase one (...)
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  30.  5
    Research Ethics and Justice: The Case of Finland.Tuija Takala & Matti Häyry - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (3):551-576.
    :This paper explores how Finnish research ethics deals with matters of justice on the levels of practical regulation, political morality, and theoretical studies. The bioethical sets of principles introduced by Tom Beauchamp and James Childress in the United States and Jacob Dahl Rendtorff and Peter Kemp in Europe provide the conceptual background, together with a recently introduced conceptual map of theories of justice and their dimensions. The most striking finding is that the internationally recognized requirement of informed consent (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  31.  46
    Enhancing Research Ethics Review Systems in Egypt: The Focus of an International Training Program Informed by an Ecological Developmental Approach to Enhancing Research Ethics Capacity.Hillary Anne Edwards, Tamer Hifnawy & Henry Silverman - 2015 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (3):199-207.
    Recently, training programs in research ethics have been established to enhance individual and institutional capacity in research ethics in the developing world. However, commentators have expressed concern that the efforts of these training programs have placed ‘too great an emphasis on guidelines and research ethics review’, which will have limited effect on ensuring ethical conduct in research. What is needed instead is a culture of ethical conduct supported by national and institutional commitment to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  32. Six Domains of Research Ethics: A Heuristic Framework for the Responsible Conduct of Research.Kenneth D. Pimple - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (2):191-205.
    The purpose of this paper is to provide a simple yet comprehensive organizing scheme for the responsible conduct of research (RCR). The heuristic offered here should prove helpful in research ethics education, where the many and heterogeneous elements of RCR can be bewildering, as well as research into research integrity and efforts to form RCR policy and regulations. The six domains are scientific integrity, collegiality, protection of human subjects, animal welfare, institutional integrity, and social responsibility.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   42 citations  
  33.  72
    Research Ethics and International Epidemic Response: The Case of Ebola and Marburg Hemorrhagic Fevers.Philippe Calain, Nathalie Fiore, Marc Poncin & Samia A. Hurst - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (1):7-29.
    Institute for Biomedical Ethics, Geneva University Medical School * Corresponding author: Médecins Sans Frontières (OCG), rue de Lausanne 78, CH-1211 Geneva 21, Switzerland. Tel.: +41 (0)22 849 89 29; Fax: +41 (0)22 849 84 88; Email: philippe_calain{at}hotmail.com ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Outbreaks of filovirus (Ebola and Marburg) hemorrhagic fevers in Africa are typically the theater of rescue activities involving international experts and agencies tasked with reinforcing national authorities in clinical management, biological diagnosis, (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  34.  24
    Research Ethics Committees and Paternalism.S. J. L. Edwards - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (1):88-91.
    In this paper the authors argue that research ethics committees should not be paternalistic by rejecting research that poses risk to people competent to decide for themselves. However it is important they help to ensure valid consent is sought from potential recruits and protect vulnerable people who cannot look after their own best interests. The authors first describe the tragic deaths of Jesse Gelsinger and Ellen Roche. They then discuss the following claims to support their case: competent (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  35.  73
    Research Ethics Capacity Development in Africa: Exploring a Model for Individual Success.A. L. I. Joseph, Adnan A. Hyder & Nancy E. Kass - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (2):55-62.
    The Johns Hopkins-Fogarty African Bioethics Training Program (FABTP) has offered a fully-funded, one-year, non-degree training opportunity in research ethics to health professionals, ethics committee members, scholars, journalists and scientists from countries across sub-Saharan Africa. In the first 9 years of operation, 28 trainees from 13 African countries have trained with FABTP. Any capacity building investment requires periodic critical evaluation of the impact that training dollars produce. In this paper we describe and evaluate FABTP and the efforts of (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  36. International Research Ethics Education.J. Millum, B. Sina & R. Glass - 2015 - Journal of the American Medical Association 313 (5):461-62.
    This paper assesses the state of research ethics in low- and middle-income countries and the achievements of the Fogarty International Center's bioethics training program since 2000. The vision of FIC for the next decade of research ethics education is encapsulated in four proposed goals: (1) Ensure sufficient expertise in ethics review by having someone with long-term training on every high-workload REC; (2) Develop LMIC capacity to conduct original research on critical ethical issues by supporting (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37.  32
    How Research Ethics Boards Are Undermining Survey Research on Canadian University Students.J. Paul Grayson & Richard Myles - 2005 - Journal of Academic Ethics 2 (4):293-314.
    In Canada, all research conducted by individuals associated with universities must be subjected to review by research ethics boards (REB). Unfortunately, decisions reached by REBs may seriously compromise the integrity of university-based research. In this paper attention will focus on how requirements of REBs and a legal department in four Canadian universities affected response rates to a survey of domestic and international students. It will be shown that in universities in which students were sent a legalistic (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  38.  19
    Healthcare Research Ethics and Law: Regulation, Review and Responsibility.Hazel Biggs - 2009 - Routledge-Cavendish.
    The book explores and explains the relationship between law and ethics in the context of medically related research in order to provide a practical guide to understanding for members of research ethics committees (RECs), professionals involved with medical research and those with an academic interest in the subject.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  39.  5
    A Research Ethics Framework for the Clinical Translation of Healthcare Machine Learning.Melissa D. McCradden, James A. Anderson, Elizabeth A. Stephenson, Erik Drysdale, Lauren Erdman, Anna Goldenberg & Randi Zlotnik Shaul - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (5):8-22.
    The application of artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies in healthcare have immense potential to improve the care of patients. While there are some emerging practices surro...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  40. Research Ethics and Misguided Moral Intuition.Franklin G. Miller - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (1):111-116.
    The term therapeutic misconception was coined by Paul Appelbaum and his colleagues to describe the tendency of patients enrolled in clinical trials to confuse research participation with the personal clinical attention characteristic of medical care. It has not been recognized that an analogous therapeutic misconception pervades ethical thinking about clinical research with patient-subjects. Investigators and bioethicists often judge the ethics of clinical research based on ethical standards appropriate to the physician-patient relationship in therapeutic medicine. This ethical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  41. Human Research Ethics Committees in Technical Universities.David Koepsell, Willem-Paul Brinkman & Sylvia Pont - 2014 - Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 9 (3):67-73.
    Human research ethics has developed in both theory and practice mostly from experiences in medical research. Human participants, however, are used in a much broader range of research than ethics committees oversee, including both basic and applied research at technical universities. Although mandated in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia, non-medical research involving humans need not receive ethics review in much of Europe, Asia, Latin America, and Africa. Our survey (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  99
    Vulnerability in Research Ethics: A Way Forward.Margaret Meek Lange, Wendy Rogers & Susan Dodds - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (6):333-340.
    Several foundational documents of bioethics mention the special obligation researchers have to vulnerable research participants. However, the treatment of vulnerability offered by these documents often relies on enumeration of vulnerable groups rather than an analysis of the features that make such groups vulnerable. Recent attempts in the scholarly literature to lend philosophical weight to the concept of vulnerability are offered by Luna and Hurst. Luna suggests that vulnerability is irreducibly contextual and that Institutional Review Boards (Research Ethics (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  43.  40
    Research Ethics Education in the STEM Disciplines: The Promises and Challenges of a Gaming Approach.Adam Briggle, J. Britt Holbrook, Joseph Oppong, Joesph Hoffmann, Elizabeth K. Larsen & Patrick Pluscht - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):237-250.
    While education in ethics and the responsible conduct of research is widely acknowledged as an essential component of graduate education, particularly in the STEM disciplines, little consensus exists on how best to accomplish this goal. Recent years have witnessed a turn toward the use of games in this context. Drawing from two NSF-funded grants, this paper takes a critical look at the use of games in ethics and RCR education. It does so by: setting the development of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  44.  9
    Research Ethics Education in Economics.Altug Yalcintas & Selcuk I. Sirin - 2016 - Review of Social Economy 74 (1):53 - 74.
    In this paper, we report the findings from the data we collected from a survey in order to measure how common research ethics education in economics is. We have found out that (1) research ethics is taught in only a very few economics departments around the globe; (2) topics related to research ethics are not taught in courses on economics and ethics; and (3) the number of papers published in specialised peer-reviewed journals on (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  33
    Principles of Animal Research Ethics.Tom L. Beauchamp & David DeGrazia - 2020 - Oup Usa.
    This volume presents a framework of general principles for animal research ethics together with an analysis of the principles' meaning and moral requirements. Tom L. Beauchamp and David DeGrazia's comprehensive framework addresses ethical requirements pertaining to societal benefit and features a thorough, ethically defensible program of animal welfare. The book also features commentaries on the framework of principles by eminent figures in animal research ethics from an array of relevant disciplines: veterinary medicine, biomedical research, biology, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46.  18
    Research Ethics Committees: The Role of Ethics in a Regulatory Authority.S. McGuinness - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):695-700.
    This paper is an examination of how research ethics committees have evolved from being advisory committees to more formal regulatory authorities. It is argued that the role of ethics committees should be broader than simple ethical review. Inconsistency in outcome should not be taken to signal failure. Procedural fairness is of the utmost importance. Nor should ethics committees be seen to diminish the ethical responsibilities of researchers themselves.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  47.  26
    Research Ethics Committee Audit: Differences Between Committees.M. E. Redshaw, A. Harris & J. D. Baum - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (2):78-82.
    The same research proposal was submitted to 24 district health authority (DHA) research ethics committees in different parts of the country. The objective was to obtain permission for a multi-centre research project. The study of neonatal care in different types of unit (regional, subregional and district), required that four health authorities were approached in each of six widely separated health regions in England. Data were collected and compared concerning aspects of processing, including application forms, information required, (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  48.  5
    Can Research Ethics Codes Be a Conduit for Justice? An Examination of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Guidelines in Australia.Deborah Zion & Richard Matthews - 2021 - Sage Publications Ltd: Research Ethics 18 (1):51-63.
    Research Ethics, Volume 18, Issue 1, Page 51-63, January 2022. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia, have historically experienced research as another means of colonialization and oppression. Although there are existing frameworks, guidelines and policies in place that respond to this history, the risk of exploitation and oppression arising from research still raises challenging ethical questions. Since the 1990s the National Health and Medical Research Council in Australia has developed specific sets of guidelines (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  43
    Research Ethics Committees: A Regional Approach.Cheryl Cox Macpherson - 1999 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (2):161-179.
    Guidelines for Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) or research ethics committees exist at national and international levels. These guidelines are based on ethical principles and establish an internationally acceptable standard for the review and conduct of medical research. Having attained a multinational consensus about what these fundamental guidelines should be, IRBs are left to interpret the guidelines and devise their own means of implementing them. Individual and community values bear on the interpretation of the guidelines so different IRBs (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  50.  22
    Research Ethics Committees: Differences and Moral Judgement.Sarah J. L. Edwards, Richard Ashcroft & Simon Kirchin - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (5):408–427.
1 — 50 / 1000