Results for 'public discourse'

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  1.  47
    Public Discourse on the Biology of Alcohol Addiction: Implications for Stigma, Self-Control, Essentialism, and Coercive Policies in Pregnancy.Eric Racine, Emily Bell, Natalie Zizzo & Courtney Green - 2015 - Neuroethics 8 (2):177-186.
    International media have reported cases of pregnant women who have had their children apprehended by social services, or who were incarcerated or forced into treatment programs based on a history of substance use or lack of adherence to addiction treatment programs. Public discourse on the biology of addiction has been criticized for generating stigma and a diminished perception of self-control in individuals with an addiction, potentially contributing to coercive approaches and criminalization of women who misuse substances during pregnancy. (...)
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  2.  64
    Public Discourse and Its Problems.Michael Hannon - manuscript
    It is widely believed that open and public speech is at the heart of the democratic ideal. Public discourse is instrumentally epistemically valuable for identifying good policies, as well as necessary for resisting domination (e.g., by vocally challenging decision-makers, demanding public justifications, and using democratic speech to hold leaders accountable). But in our highly polarized and socially fragmented political environment, an increasingly pressing question is: do actual democratic societies live up to the ideal of inclusive (...) speech? In this essay, I explore Maxime Lepoutre's (2021) defence of discursive democracy from the challenge of defective public discourse. I argue that political ignorance, dogmatism, and social fragmentation present more formidable challenges to discursive democracy than Lepoutre acknowledges. As a result, his account occasionally veers from warranted optimism to unwarranted idealism. (shrink)
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  3. Moral Grandstanding in Public Discourse: Status-Seeking Motives as a Potential Explanatory Mechanism in Predicting Conflict.Joshua B. Grubbs, Brandon Warmke, Justin Tosi, A. Shanti James & W. Keith Campbell - 2019 - PLoS ONE 14 (10).
    Public discourse is often caustic and conflict-filled. This trend seems to be particularly evident when the content of such discourse is around moral issues (broadly defined) and when the discourse occurs on social media. Several explanatory mechanisms for such conflict have been explored in recent psychological and social-science literatures. The present work sought to examine a potentially novel explanatory mechanism defined in philosophical literature: Moral Grandstanding. According to philosophical accounts, Moral Grandstanding is the use of moral (...)
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  4. Democratic Public Discourse in the Coming Autarchic Communities.Gheorghe-Ilie Farte - 2010 - Meta: Research in Hermeneutics, Phenomenology, and Practical Philosophy 2 (2):386-409.
    The main purpose of this article is to tackle the problem of living together – as dignified human beings – in a certain territory in the field of social philosophy, on the theoretical grounding ensured by some remarkable exponents of the Austrian School − and by means of the praxeologic method. Because political tools diminish the human nature not only of those who use them, but also of those who undergo their effects, people can live a life worthy of a (...)
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  5.  14
    When Public Discourse Mirrors Academic Debate: Research Integrity in the Media.Ilaria Ampollini & Massimiano Bucchi - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (1):451-474.
    Most studies of research integrity in the general media focus on the coverage of specific cases of misconduct. This paper tries to provide a more general, long-term perspective by analysing media discourse about research integrity and related themes in the Italian and United Kingdom daily press from 2000 to 2016. The results, based on a corpus of 853 articles, show that media coverage largely mirrors debates about integrity and misconduct. In fact, salient themes in the news include the importance (...)
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  6.  43
    Public Discourse: Creating the Conditions for Dialogue Concerning the Common Good in a Postmodern Heterogeneous Democracy.Peggy Ruth Geren - 2001 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 20 (3):191-199.
    This paper offers a philosophical `history' of the nature of`public discourse' – a basic element of human rights. It beginswith Enlightenment views from Condorcet and Jefferson, turns to Dewey,and then to Habermas. Over a couple of centuries not only does thecentral character of discourse change but so too does the definition ofa public person.
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  7. Hate Speech in Public Discourse: A Pessimistic Defense of Counterspeech.Maxime Lepoutre - 2017 - Social Theory and Practice 43 (4):851-883.
    Jeremy Waldron, among others, has forcefully argued that public hate speech assaults the dignity of its targets. Without denying this claim, I contend that it fails to establish that bans, rather than counterspeech, are the appropriate response. By articulating a more refined understanding of counterspeech, I suggest that counterspeech constitutes a better way of blocking hate speech’s dignitarian harm. In turn, I address two objections: according to the first, which draws on contemporary philosophy of language, counterspeech does not block (...)
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  8. Arrogance, Truth and Public Discourse.Michael Lynch - 2018 - Episteme 15 (3):283-296.
    ABSTRACTDemocracies, Dewey and others have argued, are ideally spaces of reasons – they allow for an exchange of reasons both practical and epistemic by those willing to engage in that discourse. That requires that citizens have convictions they believe in, but it also requires that they be willing to listen to each other. This paper examines how a particular psychological attitude, “epistemic arrogance,” can undermine the achievement of these goals. The paper presents an analysis of this attitude and then (...)
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  9.  27
    Public Discourse and Public Policy: Some Ways That Metaphor Constrains Health (Care). [REVIEW]Judy Z. Segal - 1997 - Journal of Medical Humanities 18 (4):217-231.
    Since the terms of the health policy debate in the United States and Canada are largely supplied by biomedicine, the current “crisis” in health care is, in part, a product of biomedical rhetoric. In this essay, three metaphors widely identified as being associated with biomedicine—the body is a machine, medicine is war,and medicine is a business—are examined with a view to the ways in which they influence the health policy debate, not only with respect to outcomes, but also with respect (...)
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  10.  34
    War Metaphors in Public Discourse.Stephen J. Flusberg, Teenie Matlock & Paul H. Thibodeau - 2018 - Metaphor and Symbol 33 (1):1-18.
    War metaphors are ubiquitous in discussions of everything from political campaigns to battles with cancer to wars against crime, drugs, poverty, and even salad. Why are warfare metaphors so common, and what are the potential benefits and costs to using them to frame important social and political issues? We address these questions in a detailed case study by reviewing the empirical literature on the subject and by advancing our own theoretical account of the structure and function of war metaphors in (...)
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  11.  4
    Online public discourse on artificial intelligence and ethics in China: context, content, and implications.Yishu Mao & Kristin Shi-Kupfer - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-17.
    The societal and ethical implications of artificial intelligence have sparked discussions among academics, policymakers and the public around the world. What has gone unnoticed so far are the likewise vibrant discussions in China. We analyzed a large sample of discussions about AI ethics on two Chinese social media platforms. Findings suggest that participants were diverse, and included scholars, IT industry actors, journalists, and members of the general public. They addressed a broad range of concerns associated with the application (...)
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  12.  3
    Public Discourse and Reasonable Pluralims : Rethinking the Requirements of Neurtality.H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr - 2006 - In David E. Guinn (ed.), Handbook of Bioethics and Religion. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter explores the view that religious claims have no legitimate place in the public forum. This exploration involves a critical re-examination of the public versus private distinction that would place religious commitments and grounds for action in a sphere isolated from that of public discourse and public choice. In the process, this chapter brings into question John Rawls's defense of a public discourse that seeks to marginalize religious commitments.
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  13.  7
    Exemplifying Public Discourse.Timothy A. Beach-Verhey - 2004 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 24 (2):115-136.
    MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. IS UNIVERSALLY REGARDED AS ONE OF THE most important figures in twentieth-century American public life. Yet his subtle integration of Christian faith and democratic values runs afoul of many current theories concerning faith, liberal democracy, and public discourse. Putting John Rawls's secular liberalism and Stanley Hauerwas's Christian traditionalism in conversation with Martin Luther King's words and deeds reveals the weaknesses inherent in both Rawls's and Hauerwas's approaches. Furthermore, the exemplary model of public (...)
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  14.  3
    Public Discourse, Political Legitimacy, and Collective Identity: Cases From Iraq, Brazil and China.Yu Sui, Fernanda Amaral, Ahmed Bahiya & Max Hänska - 2020 - Communications 45 (s1):560-585.
    Through the examination of recent developments in Iraq, Brazil and China, this paper explores the role of public communication in a) generating, corralling, and buttressing political legitimacy, and b) negotiating, demarcating, and reproducing collective identities. The transformation of Iraq’s public sphere after the fall of the Ba’ath regime saw it shift from a tightly controlled and unified communication space to unencumbered yet fragmented spheres split along ethno-sectarian lines, buttressing sectarian politics and identities. The emergence of subaltern publics in (...)
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  15.  41
    Nonsexist Public Discourse And Negative Peace.William C. Gay - 1997 - The Acorn 9 (1):45-53.
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  16. Turning Public Discourse Into an Authentic Artefact. Shorthand Transcription in the French National Assembly.Delphine Gardey - 2005 - In Bruno Latour & Peter Weibel (eds.), Making Things Public. MIT Press. pp. 836--843.
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  17. The Public Discourse of Hermann Samuel Reimarus and Johann Lorenz Schmidt in the Hambirgische Berichte von Gelehrten Sachen in 1736.Ursula Goldenbaum - 2011 - In Martin Mulsow (ed.), Between Philology and Radical Enlightenment: Hermann Samuel Reimarus (1694-1768). Brill.
     
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  18.  12
    Nonsexist Public Discourse And Negative Peace.William C. Gay - 1997 - The Acorn 9 (1):45-53.
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  19.  6
    Metaphor Scenarios in Public Discourse.Andreas Musolff - 2006 - Metaphor and Symbol 21 (1):23-38.
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  20.  17
    Hate Speech in Public Discourse in Advance.Lepoutre Maxime - forthcoming - Social Theory and Practice.
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  21. Public Discourse and the Stewart Model of Critical Thinking.Roben Torosyan - 2007 - In Jason Holt (ed.), The Daily Show and Philosophy: Moments of Zen in the Art of Fake News. Blackwell. pp. 107--121.
     
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  22. The Ethics of Belief, Cognition, and Climate Change Pseudoskepticism: Implications for Public Discourse.Lawrence Torcello - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (1):19-48.
    The relationship between knowledge, belief, and ethics is an inaugural theme in philosophy; more recently, under the title “ethics of belief” philosophers have worked to develop the appropriate methodology for studying the nexus of epistemology, ethics, and psychology. The title “ethics of belief” comes from a 19th-century paper written by British philosopher and mathematician W.K. Clifford. Clifford argues that we are morally responsible for our beliefs because each belief that we form creates the cognitive circumstances for related beliefs to follow, (...)
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  23.  16
    Bioethics as Public Discourse and Second-Order Discipline.L. M. Kopelman - 2009 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (3):261-273.
    Bioethics is best viewed as both a second-order discipline and also part of public discourse. Since their goals differ, some bioethical activities are more usefully viewed as advancing public discourse than academic disciplines. For example, the “Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights” sponsored by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization seeks to promote ethical guidance on bioethical issues. From the vantage of philosophical ethics, it fails to rank or specify its stated principles, justify (...)
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  24.  3
    Shaping of the Public Discourse on Refugees in Social Media: "Refugees Welcome Lithuania".Rūta Sutkutė - 2019 - EUREKA: Social and Humanities 1:35-52.
    Social media websites, such as Facebook and Twitter, are starting to become places, where people present and evaluate various events in the world: terrorist attacks in London, Barcelona, Berlin, Brussels. What is more, these websites influence values of their users and readers. Technologies allow people to exchange views at the very moment of the event. The time zone, area, or other physical aspects of the platform participants do not matter. However, this ability might cause negative impact on the discussed social (...)
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  25.  62
    The Scope of Public Discourse Surrounding Proposition 71: Looking Beyond the Moral Status of the Embryo. [REVIEW]Tamra Lysaght, Rachel A. Ankeny & Ian Kerridge - 2006 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 3 (1-2):109-119.
    Human embryonic stem cell research has generated considerable discussion and debate in bioethics. Bioethical discourse tends to focus on the moral status of the embryo as the central issue, however, and it is unclear how much this reflects broader community values and beliefs related to stem cell research. This paper presents the results of a study which aims to identify and classify the issues and arguments that have arisen in public discourse associated with one prominent policy episode (...)
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  26.  8
    Public Discourse is Situated Rhetorical Prac-Tice. It is the Product of a Rhetorical Trans-Action in the Context of a Particular Situation. The Situation is a Set of Circumstances Present-Ing Opportunities and Constraints, and the Dis-Course Exhibits the Ways in Which Rhetors and Audiences Respond to Them. [REVIEW]David Zarefsky - 2009 - In A. Lunsford, K. Wilson & R. Eberly (eds.), Sage Handbook of Rhetorical Studies. Sage Publications. pp. 433.
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  27.  24
    Polyphony and Polarization in Public Discourses: Hegemony and Dissent in a Slovene Policy Debate.Kristof Savski - 2019 - Critical Discourse Studies 17 (4):377-393.
    Contemporary public discourses are, despite the growing array of technologies and spaces for participation, becoming increasingly characterized by polarization – the formation of two distinct and r...
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  28. The Ethics of Inquiry, Scientific Belief, and Public Discourse.Lawrence Torcello - 2011 - Public Affairs Quarterly 25 (3):197-215.
    The scientific consensus regarding anthropogenic climate change is firmly established yet climate change denialism, a species of what I call pseudoskepticism, is on the rise in industrial nations most responsible for climate change. Such denialism suggests the need for a robust ethics of inquiry and public discourse. In this paper I argue: (1) that ethical obligations of inquiry extend to every voting citizen insofar as citizens are bound together as a political body. (2) It is morally condemnable for (...)
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  29. The Marketization of Public Discourse: The Chinese Universities.Zhengrui Han - 2014 - Discourse and Communication 8 (1):85-103.
    Contemporary universities are characteristic of an evident proliferation of corporate discourse. A sole concentration on the production of new knowledge and the education of students does not ensure the prosperity or even survival of universities any longer, and equally important are the admission of elite students, the outcome-based evaluation of academic performance, the establishment of alumni network and also fundraising. This article examines how and to what extent this trend of marketization has invaded the order of discourse of (...)
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  30.  6
    Bildung According to Habermas: Publicity, Discourse and Politics.Asger Sørensen - 2015 - Ixtli 2 (3):109-127.
    The argument is that Bildung has occupied Habermas from the earliest writings. In these writings he criticizes the idea of being educated as an expression of innate abilities and emphasizes instead the significance of the social conditions of the upbringing. This is the subject of the first section. The second section provides a presentation of the ideology-critical analysis of Bildung found in Habermas’s doctoral thesis on The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. The basic critique is that the ideal (...)
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  31. Human Dignity and Public Discourse.Richard John Neuhaus - 2008 - In Adam Schulman (ed.), Human Dignity and Bioethics: Essays Commissioned by the President's Council on Bioethics. [President's Council on Bioethics.
     
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  32. Nanotechnology: Regulation and Public Discourse.Iris Eisenberger, Angela Kallhoff & Claudia Schwarz-Plaschg (eds.) - 2019 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    Rooted in different disciplines such as ethics, ecology, law, social and political sciences, this volume explore the normative approaches, societal practices, and legal mechanisms which have emerged in the nano-field over the last two decades.
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  33.  31
    The Contest Between Public Discourse and Authorial Self in Robert Coover's The Public Burning.Kevin Patrick Finucane - 2001 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 5 (1):25-39.
    Robert Coover’s Novel, The Public Buming, merges fantasy, history, and popular myth to respond to the American Cold War culture surrounding the trial of Ethal and Julius Rosenberg. While serving as a postmodern response to, and rewrite of, the Cold War ideological narratives, Coover’s novel also raises theoretical and practical questions concerning the author’s agency in the twentieth century. This article makes use of the language theories of Bruce Andrews, Mikhail Bakhtin, and Charles Peirce to consider how Coover’s fiction (...)
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  34. Habermas on Bildung. Publicity, Discourse, and Politics.Asger Sørensen - 2015 - In . Asociación Lationoamericana de Filosofía de la Educación (Alfe).
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  35.  27
    Agency and Alliance in Public Discourses About Sexualities.Janet R. Jakobsen - 1995 - Hypatia 10 (1):133 - 154.
    Alliance politics is not always an easy proposition. In public discourses about sexualities, unexpected alliances and splits occur even as accomplished alliances fail to achieve their political goals. By considering the models of agency enacted in a series of these alliances, I question how lesbian and feminist and queer actors can more effectively pursue alliance politics in relation to U.S. public policy.
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  36.  34
    Excellence in Public Discourse: John Stuart Mill , John Dewey, and Social Intelligence.Vincent Oolapietro - 1988 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 16 (50):8-9.
  37.  29
    Science, Rhetoric, and Public Discourse in Genetic Research.Faith L. Lagay - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (2):226-237.
    Decisions concerning use of gene therapy will probably not be made within the privacy of what was once a dyadic doctor–patient relationship. More likely, some overarching guidelines will emerge directing or limiting the practice. Debate and position-taking over the myriad scientific, social, ethical, legal, and political implications of research into and manipulation of the human genome has intensified since the U.S. government officially launched the Human Genome Project in 1988 by appropriating funds to the Department of Energy and the National (...)
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  38.  28
    Excellence in Public Discourse: John Stuart Mill, John Dewey, and Social Intelligence.William H. Hay - 1988 - Ethics 98 (3):600-601.
  39.  16
    Excellence in Public Discourse John Stuart Mill, John Dewey, and Social Intelligence.William H. Hay - 1986
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  40. Excellence in Public Discourse.J. GOUINLOCK - 1986
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  41. Religious Voices in American Public Discourse.James Darsey & Joshua R. Ritter - 2009 - In A. Lunsford, K. Wilson & R. Eberly (eds.), Sage Handbook of Rhetorical Studies. Sage Publications. pp. 553--585.
     
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  42.  36
    James Gouinlock, "Excellence in Public Discourse. John Stuart Mill, John Dewey, and Social Intelligence". [REVIEW]Andrew J. Reck - 1989 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (1):166.
  43. Moral Agnosticism: An Ethics of Inquiry and Public Discourse.Lawerence Torcello - 2014 - Teaching Ethics 14 (2):3-16.
    Taking Anthropogenic global warming as its framing example this paper develops an ethics of inquiry and public discourse influenced by Rawlsian public reason. The need to embrace scientific fact during civil discourse on topics of moral and political controversy is stressed as an ethical mandate. The paper argues: (1) ethicists have a moral obligation to recognize scientific consensus when relevant to ethical discussions. (2) The failure to condemn science denialism when it interferes with the public’s (...)
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  44. James Gouinlock, "Excellence in Public Discourse: John Stuart Mill, John Dewey, and Social Intelligence". [REVIEW]Henny Wenkart - 1988 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 24 (1):141.
     
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  45. History of Public Discourse Studies.David Zarefsky - 2009 - In A. Lunsford, K. Wilson & R. Eberly (eds.), Sage Handbook of Rhetorical Studies. Sage Publications.
     
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  46. Strategic Manoeuvring in Institutionalised Public Discourse.Sara Greco - 2012 - Journal of Argumentation in Context 1 (3):379-386.
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  47.  22
    Social Memory in Athenian Public Discourse: Uses and Meanings of the Past by Bernd Steinbock.Polly Low - 2014 - American Journal of Philology 135 (1):152-155.
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  48.  55
    Sociology as Public Discourse and Professional Practice: A Critique of Michael Burawoy.John Holmwood - 2007 - Sociological Theory 25 (1):46-66.
    In this article I discuss Burawoy's argument for public sociology in the context of the sociologist as both citizen and as social scientist; that is, as simultaneously a member of any 'society' being researched and as researcher claiming validity for the knowledge produced by research. I shall suggest that the relation between citizenship and social science necessarily places a limit on sociological claims to knowledge in terms both of what can be claimed and of the legitimacy of any claims, (...)
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  49. Excellence in Public Discourse: John Stuart Mill, John Dewey, and Social Intelligence.James Gouinlock - 1988 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 24 (1):141-147.
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  50.  13
    Talking Cents: Public Discourse, State Oversight, and Democratic Education in East St. Louis.Donyell L. Roseboro, Michael P. O'malley & John Hunt - 2006 - Educational Studies 40 (1):6-23.
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