Results for 'psychiatry'

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  1.  8
    Kierkegaard's Truth: The Disclosure of the Self.Joseph H. Smith & Forum on Psychiatry and the Humanities - 1981
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  2.  8
    Psychiatry on the edge.Ronald William Pies - 2014 - New York: Nova Publishers.
    The philosophical and scientific foundations of psychiatry -- Psychiatric diagnosis and the DSM debates -- Grief, depression and the bereavement controversy -- Psychiatry in crisis -- Psychiatry and humane values.
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  3.  2
    Psychiatrie morale expérimentale, individuelle et sociale.Henri Baruk - 1945 - Paris,: Presses universitaires de France.
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  4.  53
    Bayesian Psychiatry and the Social Focus of Delusions.Daniel Williams & Marcella Montagnese - manuscript
    A large and growing body of research in computational psychiatry draws on Bayesian modelling to illuminate the dysfunctions and aberrations that underlie psychiatric disorders. After identifying the chief attractions of this research programme, we argue that its typical focus on abstract, domain-general inferential processes is likely to obscure many of the distinctive ways in which the human mind can break down and malfunction. We illustrate this by appeal to psychosis and the social phenomenology of delusions.
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  5.  8
    Enactive psychiatry.Sanneke de Haan - 2020 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    The need for a model -- Currently available models in psychiatry -- Introduction to enactivism -- Body and mind - and world -- The existential dimension and its role in psychiatry -- Enriched enactivism : existential sense-making, values, and socio-cultural worlds -- Enactive psychiatry : psychiatric disorders are disorders of sense-making -- An enactive approach to causes, diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric disorders.
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  6. Externalist Psychiatry.Will Davies - 2016 - Analysis 76 (3):290-296.
    Psychiatry widely assumes an internalist biomedical model of mental illness. I argue that many of psychiatry’s diagnostic categories involve an implicit commitment to constitutive externalism about mental illness. Some of these categories are socially externalist in nature.
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  7. Psychiatry in the Scientific Image.Dominic Murphy - 2005 - MIT Press.
    In _ Psychiatry in the Scientific Image, _Dominic Murphy looks at psychiatry from the viewpoint of analytic philosophy of science, considering three issues: how we should conceive of, classify, and explain mental illness. If someone is said to have a mental illness, what about it is mental? What makes it an illness? How might we explain and classify it? A system of psychiatric classification settles these questions by distinguishing the mental illnesses and showing how they stand in relation (...)
  8.  7
    Psychiatry and the business of madness: an ethical and epistemological accounting.Bonnie Burstow - 2015 - New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Introduction to the study : unveiling the problematic -- The evolution of madness : a journey through time -- Modernity (1890-2014 ) : a journey through time, part two -- Probing the boss text : the DSM : what? whither? how? which? -- The beast/in the belly of the beast : pinioned by paper -- The psychiatric team -- Marching to pharmageddon : psychopharmacy unmasked -- Electroshock : not a healing option -- Dusting ourselves off and starting anew.
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  9.  73
    Medicalized Psychiatry and the Talking Cure: A Hermeneutic Intervention.Kevin Aho & Charles Guignon - 2011 - Human Studies 34 (3):293-308.
    The dominance of the medical-model in American psychiatry over the last 30 years has resulted in the subsequent decline of the “talking cure”. In this paper, we identify a number of problems associated with medicalized psychiatry, focusing primarily on how it conceptualizes the self as a de-contextualized set of symptoms. Drawing on the tradition of hermeneutic phenomenology, we argue that medicalized psychiatry invariably overlooks the fact that our identities, and the meanings and values that matter to us, (...)
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  10.  38
    Rethinking Psychiatry: From Cultural Category to Personal Experience.Arthur Kleinman - 1988
  11.  18
    Why psychiatry is a branch of medicine.Samuel B. Guze - 1992 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Advance Praise: "A distillation of the wisdom accumulated over a lifetime by one of our leading thinkers in psychiatry. . . .It should interest. . .anyone who has thought seriously about the brain, the mind and the meaning of illness." --Albert J. Stunkard, M.D., Professor of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania.
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  12.  67
    Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science * By R. COOPER.J. McMillan - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):195-197.
    "Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science" explores conceptual issues in psychiatry from the perspective of analytic philosophy of science. Through an examination of those features of psychiatry that distinguish it from other sciences - for example, its contested subject matter, its particular modes of explanation, its multiple different theoretical frameworks, and its research links with big business - Rachel Cooper explores some of the many conceptual, metaphysical and epistemological issues that arise in psychiatry. She shows how these (...)
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  13. Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience: Philosophical Perspectives.Matthew Broome & Lisa Bortolotti (eds.) - 2009 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Neuroscience has long had an impact on the field of psychiatry, and over the last two decades, with the advent of cognitive neuroscience and functional neuroimaging, that influence has been most pronounced. However, many question whether psychopathology can be understood by relying on neuroscience alone, and highlight some of the perceived limits to the way in which neuroscience informs psychiatry. -/- Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience is a philosophical analysis of the role of neuroscience in the study of (...)
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  14.  58
    Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science.Rachel Cooper - 2007 - Routledge.
    "Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science" explores conceptual issues in psychiatry from the perspective of analytic philosophy of science. Through an examination of those features of psychiatry that distinguish it from other sciences - for example, its contested subject matter, its particular modes of explanation, its multiple different theoretical frameworks, and its research links with big business - Rachel Cooper explores some of the many conceptual, metaphysical and epistemological issues that arise in psychiatry. She shows how these (...)
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  15.  22
    Critical psychiatry: the limits of madness.D. B. Double (ed.) - 2006 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Psychiatry is increasingly dominated by the reductionist claim that mental illness is caused by neurobiological abnormalities such as chemical imbalances in the brain. Critical psychiatry does not believe that this is the whole story and proposes a more ethical foundation for practice. This book describes an original framework for renewing mental health services in alliance with people with mental health problems. It is an advance over the polarization created by the "anti-psychiatry" of the past.
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  16. Digital psychiatry: ethical risks and opportunities for public health and well-being.Christopher Burr, Jessica Morley, Mariarosaria Taddeo & Luciano Floridi - 2020 - IEEE Transactions on Technology and Society 1 (1):21–33.
    Common mental health disorders are rising globally, creating a strain on public healthcare systems. This has led to a renewed interest in the role that digital technologies may have for improving mental health outcomes. One result of this interest is the development and use of artificial intelligence for assessing, diagnosing, and treating mental health issues, which we refer to as ‘digital psychiatry’. This article focuses on the increasing use of digital psychiatry outside of clinical settings, in the following (...)
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  17.  32
    Psychiatry’s inchoate wish for a paradigm shift and bio-psych-social model of mental illness.Tim Thornton - 2018 - In Rethinking the Biopsychosocial Model. Oxford University Press.
    Psychiatry’s inchoate wish for a paradigm shift and the biopsychosocial model of mental illness’ critically examines the much discussed goal of a paradigm shift in psychiatric taxonomy. The chapter first highlights some illustrative calls for such a change and then sets these against the Kuhnian account of science from which the idea is taken, highlighting the connection to incommensurability. Relative to a distinction drawn from Winch, between putative sciences where the self-understanding of subjects plays no role and those where (...)
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  18.  8
    Psychiatrie pluridimensionnelle: une philosophie de la médecine, est-elle possible?Georges Abraham - 1979 - Paris: Payot.
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  19.  3
    Psychiatrie et pouvoir: la tête et la queue du serpent.Giorgio Cesari - 1979 - Paris: Éditions Anthropos.
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  20.  52
    Psychiatry's catch 22, need for precision, and placing schools in perspective.A. R. Singh - 2013 - Mens Sana Monographs 11 (1):42.
    The catch 22 situation in psychiatry is that for precise diagnostic categories/criteria, we need precise investigative tests, and for precise investigative tests, we need precise diagnostic criteria/categories; and precision in both diagnostics and investigative tests is nonexistent at present. The effort to establish clarity often results in a fresh maze of evidence. In finding the way forward, it is tempting to abandon the scientific method, but that is not possible, since we deal with real human psychopathology, not just concepts (...)
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  21. Computational psychiatry.P. Read Montague, Raymond J. Dolan, Karl J. Friston & Peter Dayan - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):72-80.
  22. Philosophy of Psychiatry.Jonathan Y. Tsou - 2021 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Jonathan Y. Tsou examines and defends positions on central issues in philosophy of psychiatry. The positions defended assume a naturalistic and realist perspective and are framed against skeptical perspectives on biological psychiatry. Issues addressed include the reality of mental disorders; mechanistic and disease explanations of abnormal behavior; definitions of mental disorder; natural and artificial kinds in psychiatry; biological essentialism and the projectability of psychiatric categories; looping effects and the stability of mental disorders; psychiatric classification; and the validity (...)
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  23.  15
    Making psychiatry moral again: the role of psychiatry in patient moral development.Doug McConnell, Matthew Broome & Julian Savulescu - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (6):423-427.
    Psychiatric involvement in patient morality is controversial. If psychiatrists are tasked with shaping patient morality, the coercive potential of psychiatry is increased, treatment may be unfairly administered on the basis of patients’ moral beliefs rather than medical need, moral disputes could damage the therapeutic relationship and, in any case, we are often uncertain or conflicted about what is morally right. Yet, there is also a strong case for the view that psychiatry often works through improving patient morality and, (...)
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  24.  40
    Psychiatry, Ethics, and Digital Phenotyping: Moral Challenges and Considerations for Returning Mental Health Research Results to College Students.Craig W. McFarland, Makenna E. Law, Ivan E. Ramirez, Ithika S. Senthilnathan & Kelisha M. Williams - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (2):105-108.
    The integration of digital phenotyping in psychiatry promises unprecedented insights into mental health, particularly in college settings where mental well-being is a growing concern. The COVID-19...
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  25.  76
    Evolutionary psychiatry and depression: testing two hypotheses.Somogy Varga - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (1):41-52.
    In the last few decades, there has been a genuine ‘adaptive turn’ in psychiatry, resulting in evolutionary accounts for an increasing number of psychopathologies. In this paper, I explore the advantages and problems with the two main evolutionary approaches to depression, namely the mismatch and persistence accounts . I will argue that while both evolutionary theories of depression might provide some helpful perspectives, the accounts also harbor significant flaws that might question their authority and usefulness as explanations.
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  26.  12
    Psychiatry and philosophy.Erwin W. Straus - 1969 - New York,: Springer. Edited by Maurice Alexander Natanson & Henri Ey.
    The three essays reprinted in this book were first published in 1963 as individual chapters of a psychiatric treatise entitled Psychiatrie der Gegen wart (Psychiatry of the Present Day). The editors, W. H. GRUHLE (Bonn), R. JUNG (Freiburg/Br. ), W. MAYER-GROSS (Birmingham, England), M. MUL LER (Bern, Switzerland), had not planned an encyclopedic presentation; they did not intend to present a "handbook" which would be as complete as possible in details and bibliographic reference. Their intention was to "raze the (...)
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  27.  6
    Wechselbeziehungen zwischen Psychiatrie, Psychologie und Philosophie: ein Leitfaden durch die Geistesgeschichte aus psychiatrischer und psychologischer Sicht.Gerhard Bengesser - 1980 - Bern [etc.]: P. Lang.
    Griesinger hat mit seinem medizinischen Modell der Geisteskrankheit - so sagen Kritiker - eine ubermassige Bindung der Psychiatrie an die Medizin geschaffen. Diese Polemik, aber auch die traditionellen Querverbindungen zu Philosophie und Psychologie - in klassischen Zeiten in deren Schoss - sollen anhand einer geschichtlichen Abhandlung erortert werden. Als Leitfaden stellt sich das Buch ferner die Aufgabe, einerseits dem Psychiater, ja mitunter jedem geistesgeschicht- lich interessierten Mediziner, durch Projektion auf die Psychiatriege- schichte (und teilweise Medizingeschichte) die Geistesgeschichte naher zu bringen (...)
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  28.  16
    What psychiatry means to us.J. K. Trivedi & D. Goel - 2006 - Mens Sana Monographs 4 (1):166.
    Psychiatry has come up as one of the most dynamic branches of medicine in recent years. There are a lot of controversies regarding concepts, nosology, definitions and treatments in psychiatry, all of which are presently under a strict scanner. Differences are so many that even the meaning of psychiatry varies amongst individual psychiatrists. For us, it is an art to practice psychiatry and give the patient what he needs. Still, it should be practiced with great caution (...)
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  29.  34
    Can Psychiatry Refurnish the Mind?Dominic Murphy - 2017 - Philosophical Explorations 20 (2):160-174.
    In this paper, I will argue that the NIMH’s new Research Domain of Criteria is a useful test of the philosophical hypothesis of eliminative materialism and demonstrates the superiority of a moderate eliminativism over integrationism, which is a rival philosophical framework for the cognitive sciences. I begin by going over the motivation for RDOC, which rests on the problems with the existing Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders framework in psychiatry. Then, I introduce the main tenets of RDoC (...)
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  30. Psychiatrie, Medizin, Naturwissenschaften.Herausgegeben von Matthias Bormuth Und Dietrich Vengelhardt - 2016 - In Karl Jaspers (ed.), Korrespondenzen. Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag.
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  31.  63
    Psychiatry's new manual (DSM-5): ethical and conceptual dimensions: Table 1.J. S. Blumenthal-Barby - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (8):531-536.
    The introduction of the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders in May 2013 is being hailed as the biggest event in psychiatry in the last 10 years. In this paper I examine three important issues that arise from the new manual: Expanding nosology: Psychiatry has again broadened its nosology to include human experiences not previously under its purview . Consequence-based ethical concerns about this expansion are addressed, along with conceptual concerns about a confusion of “construct validity” and (...)
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  32.  6
    La psychiatrie morale et le problème de Dieu.Jean Guilhot - 1967 - Paris,: Mouton.
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  33.  25
    Forensic psychiatry, one subspecialty with two ethics? A systematic review.Gérard Niveau & Ida Welle - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):25.
    Forensic psychiatry is a particular subspecialty within psychiatry, dedicated in applying psychiatric knowledge and psychiatric training for particular legal purposes. Given that within the scope of forensic psychiatry, a third party usually intervenes in the patient-doctor relationship, an amendment of the traditional ethical principles seems justified. Thus, 47 articles, two book chapters and the guidelines produced by the World Psychiatric Association, the American Association of Psychiatry and the Law, as well as by the Royal Australian and (...)
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  34.  57
    Can psychiatry refurnish the mind?Dominic Murphy - 2017 - Philosophical Explorations 20 (2):160-174.
    In this paper, I will argue that the NIMH’s new Research Domain of Criteria is a useful test of the philosophical hypothesis of eliminative materialism and demonstrates the superiority of a moderate eliminativism over integrationism, which is a rival philosophical framework for the cognitive sciences. I begin by going over the motivation for RDOC, which rests on the problems with the existing Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders framework in psychiatry. Then, I introduce the main tenets of RDoC (...)
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  35.  35
    Liberatory psychiatry: philosophy, politics, and mental health.Carl I. Cohen & Sami Timimi (eds.) - 2008 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
  36.  65
    Capitalism, psychiatry, and schizophrenia: A critical introduction to Deleuze and Guattari's anti-oedipus. Phd - 2007 - Nursing Philosophy 8 (2):114–127.
  37. Psychiatrie und strafrecht.Charlot Strasser - 1927 - Zürich,: Polygraphischer verlag a.-g..
     
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  38.  13
    What Psychiatry Left Out of the Dsm-5: Historical Mental Disorders Today.Edward Shorter - 2015 - Routledge.
    _Choice Recommended Read_ _What Psychiatry Left Out of the DSM-5: Historical Mental Disorders Today_ covers the diagnoses that the _Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders_ failed to include, along with diagnoses that should not have been included, but were. Psychiatry as a field is over two centuries old and over that time has gathered great wisdom about mental illnesses. Today, much of that knowledge has been ignored and we have diagnoses such as "schizophrenia" and "bipolar disorder" that (...)
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  39.  24
    Soviet psychiatry and the origins of the sluggish schizophrenia concept, 1912–1936.Benjamin Zajicek - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (2):88-105.
    This article seeks to understand the origins of the Soviet concept of ‘sluggish schizophrenia’, a diagnostic category that was used to imprison political dissidents in the post-WWII era. It focuses on the 1920s and 1930s, a period when Soviet psychiatrists attempted to find ways to diagnose schizophrenia at its earliest stages. The new Soviet state supported these efforts, funding new institutions where clinicians encountered types of patients they had not previously studied. Conceptual disagreements arose about what symptoms could be used (...)
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  40.  73
    Biological Psychiatry and Normative Problems: From Nosology to Destigmatization Campaigns.Romain Schneckenburger - 2011 - Medicine Studies 3 (1):9-17.
    Psychiatry is becoming a cognitive neuroscience. This new paradigm not only aims to give new ways for explaining mental diseases by naturalizing them, but also to have an influence on different levels of psychiatric norms. We tried here to verify whether a biological paradigm is able to fulfill this normative goal. We analyzed three main normative assumptions that is to say the will of giving psychiatry a valid nosology, a rigorous definition of what is a mental disease, and (...)
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  41.  51
    Psychiatry: the science of lies.Thomas Szasz - 2008 - Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press.
    The invention of psychopathology -- Malingering -- Doctoring -- Inculpating -- Sheltering -- Cheating -- Lying -- The burden of responsibility.
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  42.  38
    Psychiatry in a battle zone.Izet Pajević, Mevludin Hasanović & Alina Koprić - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (6):304-307.
    The authors describe the arrival and treatment of 164 severe chronic psychiatric patients who were displaced from the Serbian army-controlled Jakes psychiatric hospital and off-loaded on the afternoon of 28th of May, 1992 at the gates of the Psychiatry Clinic in Tuzla. Through analysis of their incomplete medical records, which arrived with the patients in Tuzla, and analysis of their activities during and after the war, they found that 83 of the patients (50%) were males and 147 (89.6%) were (...)
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  43.  33
    Psychiatry After Virtue: A Modern Practice in the Ruins.A. A. Michel - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (2):170-186.
    Contemporary psychiatry maintains the myth that it is value neutral by appeal to modern medical science for both its diagnostic categories and its therapeutic interventions, leaving the impression that it relies on reason—that is to say, reason divorced from tradition—to master human nature. Such a practice has a certain way of characterizing and defining humanity's lapses from acceptable human behavior—a lapse from human being. The modern practice of psychiatry applies a particular notion (largely influenced by Enlightenment ideals) of (...)
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  44.  2
    Yoga et psychiatrie.Nhi Barte - 1972 - [Paris]: Éditions de la Tête de Feuilles. Edited by D. Dange & Ram.
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  45.  18
    Returning Individual Research Results from Digital Phenotyping in Psychiatry.Francis X. Shen, Matthew L. Baum, Nicole Martinez-Martin, Adam S. Miner, Melissa Abraham, Catherine A. Brownstein, Nathan Cortez, Barbara J. Evans, Laura T. Germine, David C. Glahn, Christine Grady, Ingrid A. Holm, Elisa A. Hurley, Sara Kimble, Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz, Kimberlyn Leary, Mason Marks, Patrick J. Monette, Jukka-Pekka Onnela, P. Pearl O’Rourke, Scott L. Rauch, Carmel Shachar, Srijan Sen, Ipsit Vahia, Jason L. Vassy, Justin T. Baker, Barbara E. Bierer & Benjamin C. Silverman - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (2):69-90.
    Psychiatry is rapidly adopting digital phenotyping and artificial intelligence/machine learning tools to study mental illness based on tracking participants’ locations, online activity, phone and text message usage, heart rate, sleep, physical activity, and more. Existing ethical frameworks for return of individual research results (IRRs) are inadequate to guide researchers for when, if, and how to return this unprecedented number of potentially sensitive results about each participant’s real-world behavior. To address this gap, we convened an interdisciplinary expert working group, supported (...)
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  46.  9
    Psychiatry in dissent: controversial issues in thought and practice.Anthony W. Clare - 1976 - Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues.
    Reproduced here in facsimile, this volume was originally published in 1980 and is available individually. The collection is also available in a number of themed mini-sets of between 5 and 13 volumes, or as a complete collection.
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  47.  15
    Enactive psychiatry and social integration: beyond dyadic interactions.Mads J. Dengsø - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-25.
    Enactive approaches to psychiatry have recently argued for an understanding of psychiatric conditions based within relational interactions between individuals and their environments. A central motivation for these enactive approaches is the goal of social integration: the integration of a naturalistic approach to psychiatric conditions with their broader sociocultural dimensions. One possible issue, however, is whether appeals to the autonomy and authenticity of relationally constituted enactive individuals can provide a means of adjudicating between harmful and beneficial social constraints upon individual (...)
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  48.  79
    Psychiatry and the control of dangerousness: on the apotropaic function of the term “mental illness”.T. Szasz - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (4):227-230.
    The term “mental illness” implies that persons with such illnesses are more likely to be dangerous to themselves and/or others than are persons without such illnesses. This is the source of the psychiatrist’s traditional social obligation to control “harm to self and/or others,” that is, suicide and crime. The ethical dilemmas of psychiatry cannot be resolved as long as the contradictory functions of healing persons and protecting society are united in a single discipline.Life is full of dangers. Our highly (...)
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  49.  4
    Psychiatrie et pensée philosophique: intercritique et quête sans fin.Claude-Jacques Blanc - 1998 - Paris: Editions L'Harmattan.
    La savoir pyschiatrique et la pensée philosophique entretiennent des relations étroites d'intercritique et d'éclairage réciproque. La dynamique de ces échanges est sans cesse relancée par la croissance des connaissances sur les maladies mentales, l'organisation du cerveau et par les mutations de la société. La sémiologie, les interprétations psychopathologiques, la thérapeutique entraînent le praticien au seuil des cercles de la métaphysique de la connaissance et de l'intersubjectivité. Le savoir de la psychiatrie incite à reformuler certaines interrogations philosophiques essentielles. Il permet d'esquisser (...)
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  50. Why Psychiatry Should Fear Medicalisation.Louis C. Charland - 2013 - In K. W. M. Fulford, Davies M., Gipps R., Graham G., Sadler J., Stanghellini G. & Thornton T. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 159-175.
    Medicalization in contemporary psychopharmacology is increasingly dominated by commercial interests that threaten the scientific and ethical integrity of psychiatry. At the same time, the proliferation of new social media has altered the manner in which the social groups and institutions that have stakes in medicalization interact. Consumers are at once more powerful than ever before, but also more vulnerable. The upshot of all these developments is that medicalization is no longer simply the professed enemy of anti-psychiatry and its (...)
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