Results for 'principlism'

315 found
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  1.  20
    Principlism, Uncodifiability, and the Problem of Specification.Timothy J. Furlan - forthcoming - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics:1-22.
    In this paper I critically examine the implications of the uncodifiability thesis for principlism as a pluralistic and non-absolute generalist ethical theory. In this regard, I begin with a brief overview of W.D. Ross’s ethical theory and his focus on general but defeasible prima facie principles before turning to 2) the revival of principlism in contemporary bioethics through the influential work of Tom Beauchamp and James Childress; 3) the widespread adoption of specification as a response to the indeterminacy (...)
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  2.  42
    Reflexive Principlism as an Effective Approach for Developing Ethical Reasoning in Engineering.Jonathan Beever & Andrew O. Brightman - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):275-291.
    An important goal of teaching ethics to engineering students is to enhance their ability to make well-reasoned ethical decisions in their engineering practice: a goal in line with the stated ethical codes of professional engineering organizations. While engineering educators have explored a wide range of methodologies for teaching ethics, a satisfying model for developing ethical reasoning skills has not been adopted broadly. In this paper we argue that a principlist-based approach to ethical reasoning is uniquely suited to engineering ethics education. (...)
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  3.  93
    Principlism’s Balancing Act: Why the Principles of Biomedical Ethics Need a Theory of the Good.Matthew Shea - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (4-5):441-470.
    Principlism, the bioethical theory championed by Tom Beauchamp and James Childress, is centered on the four moral principles of beneficence, non-maleficence, respect for autonomy, and justice. Two key processes related to these principles are specification—adding specific content to general principles—and balancing—determining the relative weight of conflicting principles. I argue that both of these processes necessarily involve an appeal to human goods and evils, and therefore require a theory of the good. A significant problem with principlism is that it (...)
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  4.  58
    Principlism and communitarianism.D. Callahan - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (5):287-291.
    The decline in the interest in ethical theory is first outlined, as a background to the author’s discussion of principlism. The author’s own stance, that of a communitarian philosopher, is then described, before the subject of principlism itself is addressed. Two problems stand in the way of the author’s embracing principlism: its individualistic bias and its capacity to block substantive ethical inquiry. The more serious problem the author finds to be its blocking function. Discussing the four scenarios (...)
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  5. The Principlism Debate: A Critical Overview.Richard B. Davis - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (1):85-105.
    Clouser and Gert’s 'A Critique of Principlism’ (1990) has ignited debate over the adequacy of substituting principlism for moral theory as a means for dealing with biomedical dilemmas. Clouser and Gert argue that this sort of substitution is not adequate to the task. I examine their argument in light of recent defences of principlism on this score, those of B. Andrew Lustig (1992), David Degrazia (1992), and Beauchamp and Childress (1994). I argue that both sides in the (...)
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  6.  37
    Utilitarian Principlism as a Framework for Crisis Healthcare Ethics.Laura Vearrier & Carrie M. Henderson - 2021 - HEC Forum 33 (1):45-60.
    This paper introduces the model of Utilitarian Principlism as a framework for crisis healthcare ethics. In modern Western medicine, during non-crisis times, principlism provides the four guiding principles in biomedical ethics—autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice; autonomy typically emerges as the decisive principle. The physician–patient relationship is a deontological construct in which the physician’s primary duty is to the individual patient and the individual patient is paramount. For this reason, we term the non-crisis ethical framework that guides modern medicine (...)
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  7.  22
    Principlism and citizen science: the possibilities and limitations of principlism for guiding responsible citizen science conduct.Patrik Baard & Per Sandin - 2022 - Research Ethics 1 (4):174701612211165.
    Citizen science (CS) has been presented as a novel form of research relevant for social concerns and global challenges. CS transforms the roles of participants to being actively involved at various stages of research processes, CS projects are dynamic, and pluralism arises when many non-professional researchers take an active involvement in research. Some argue that these elements all make existing research ethical principles and regulations ill-suited for guiding responsible CS conduct. However, while many have sought to highlight such challenges from (...)
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  8. A principlist framework for cybersecurity ethics.Paul Formosa, Michael Wilson & Deborah Richards - 2021 - Computers and Security 109.
    The ethical issues raised by cybersecurity practices and technologies are of critical importance. However, there is disagreement about what is the best ethical framework for understanding those issues. In this paper we seek to address this shortcoming through the introduction of a principlist ethical framework for cybersecurity that builds on existing work in adjacent fields of applied ethics, bioethics, and AI ethics. By redeploying the AI4People framework, we develop a domain-relevant specification of five ethical principles in cybersecurity: beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, (...)
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  9.  23
    Principlist approach to multiple heart valve replacements for patients with intravenous drug use-induced endocarditis.Daniel Daly - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (10):685-688.
    Medical professionals often deny patients who inject opioids a second or third heart valve replacement, even if such a surgery is medically indicated. However, such a position is not well defended. As this paper demonstrates, the ethical literature on the topic too often fails to develop and apply an ethical lens to analyse the issue of multiple valve replacements. This paper addresses this lacuna by analysing the case of Mr Walsh, a composite case which protects the identity of any one (...)
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  10.  11
    Principlism as Global Bioethics: A Critical Appraisal from a Confucian Perspective.Ruiping Fan - forthcoming - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy:1-24.
    Drawing upon Confucian ethical insights extracted from the Analects, this essay argues that principlism suffers from fundamental theoretical flaws. Its four principles do not genuinely capture universal principles, because they distort the practice-embedded nature of authentic moral norms found within actual moral cultures, as elucidated by Confucian insights. Specifically, Confucianism highlights the importance of a reflective equilibrium between constitutive rules and regulative principles. Principlism, in reality, represents an abridged version of modern Western liberal ethical norms, as it retains (...)
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  11. Specified principlism: What is it, and does it really resolve cases better than casuistry?Carson Strong - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (3):323 – 341.
    Principlism has been advocated as an approach to resolving concrete cases and issues in bioethics, but critics have pointed out that a main problem for principlism is its lack of a method for assigning priorities to conflicting ethical principles. A version of principlism referred to as 'specified principlism' has been put forward in an attempt to overcome this problem. However, none of the advocates of specified principlism have attempted to demonstrate that the method actually works (...)
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  12.  36
    What principlism misses.T. Walker - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (4):229-231.
    Principlism aims to provide a framework to help those working in medicine both to identify moral problems and to make decisions about what to do. For it to meet this aim, the principles included within it must express values that all morally serious people share (or ought to share), and there must be no other values that all morally serious people share (or ought to share). This paper challenges the latter of these claims. I will argue that as a (...)
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  13. Defending Principlism.Nathaniel Jason Goldberg - 2015 - In Kantian Conceptual Geography. New York, US: Oxford University Press.
    Chapter Six defends Subjective Principlism against its most important challenges. It does so by considering the history of and arguments against Subjective Principlism, and then demonstrating that there is a version of Subjective Principlism that those arguments fail to impugn. The chapter starts by considering Immanuel Kant’s Subjective Principlism, according to which subjective principles are synthetic a priori. It then considers classic arguments against synthetic apriority, culminating in those of the logical empiricists, including Rudolf Carnap. Next (...)
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  14.  79
    Aristotle and Principlism in Bioethics.Joseph Cimakasky & Ronald Polansky - 2015 - Diametros 45:59-70.
    Principlism, a most prominent approach in bioethics, has been criticized for lacking an underlying moral theory. We propose that the four principles of principlism can be related to the four traditional cardinal virtues. These virtues appear prominently in Plato's Republic and in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. We show how this connection can be made. In this way principlism has its own compelling ethical basis.
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  15. Principlist Pandemics: On Fraud Ethical Guidelines and the Importance of Transparency.Jonathan Lewis & Udo Schuklenk - 2022 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), Ethical Public Health Policy Within Pandemics: Models of Civil Administration Following the Covid-19, Ebola, Sars, Hiv and Spanish Flue Pandemics. Springer. pp. 131-148.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has coincided with the proliferation of ethical guidance documents to assist public health authorities, health care providers, practitioners and staff with responding to ethical challenges posed by the pandemic. Like ethical guidelines relating to infectious disease that have preceded them, what unites many COVID-19 guidance documents is their dependency on an under-developed approach to bioethical principlism, a normative framework that attempts to guide actions based on a list of prima facie, unranked ethical principles. By situating them (...)
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  16.  36
    Principlism and the ethical appraisal of clinical trials.Eric M. Meslin, Heather J. Sutherland, James V. Lavery & James E. Till - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (4):399–418.
    For nearly two decades, the process of reviewing the ethical merit of research involving human subjects has been based on the application of principles initially described in the U.S. National Commission's Belmont Report, and later articulated more fully by Beauchamp and Childress in their Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Recently, the use of ethical principles for deliberating about moral problems in medicine and research, referred to in the pejorative sense as “principlism”, has come under scrutiny. In this paper we argue (...)
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  17. Dualism, Principlism, Kantianism.Nathaniel Jason Goldberg - 2015 - In Kantian Conceptual Geography. New York, US: Oxford University Press.
    Chapter One begins by discussing the very idea of Kantian conceptual geography and explaining why engaging in it is of the utmost importance to analytic philosophy. It then introduces Empirical Dualism, Subjective Principlism, and Kantianism—three theses central to this work. Next it shows that all three theses can be drawn from Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason. Afterward the chapter considers views that contrast with Kantianism. These include Platonic and Aristotelian realism, Berkeleian idealism, Lockean hybridism, and Hegelian pragmatism. After that (...)
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  18. From Principlism to Kantian Thoughts on Truth.Nathaniel Jason Goldberg - 2015 - In Kantian Conceptual Geography. New York, US: Oxford University Press.
    Chapter Nine relies on Subjective Principlism to disclose not a Kantian account of but instead Kantian thoughts on empirical truth in particular. The chapter illustrates how, for the Principled Kantian, all empirical claims depend on, and are therefore necessarily consistent with, subjective principles. It also discusses attempts to join Kantian thoughts on truth with analyses of instrumental or pragmatic value. It then looks at what the un-Principled Kantian can say. Though the chapter does not consider putative problems facing these (...)
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  19.  13
    Principlist and Personalist Approaches to Compassion.Graciela Ortiz - 2019 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 19 (4):569-581.
    One’s understanding of compassionate care and one’s response to suffering depend on one’s bioethical framework. This paper contrasts the principlist bioethical model with the personalist bioethical model. These emphasize different principles, definitions, and understandings of concepts such as autonomy, compassion, suffering, harm, and help. The principlist model regards euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide as acts of autonomy and compassion that eradicate suffering. This perspective fails to keep in mind that autonomous patients do not always act for their own good. Conversely, the (...)
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  20.  14
    Principlism and the ethical appraisal of clinical trials.Heather J. Sutherland Eric M. Meslin - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (4):399-418.
    For nearly two decades, the process of reviewing the ethical merit of research involving human subjects has been based on the application of principles initially described in the U.S. National Commission's Belmont Report, and later articulated more fully by Beauchamp and Childress in their Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Recently, the use of ethical principles for deliberating about moral problems in medicine and research, referred to in the pejorative sense as “principlism”, has come under scrutiny. In this paper we argue (...)
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  21.  60
    A principlist approach to presumed consent for organ donation.Hannah Welbourn - 2014 - Clinical Ethics 9 (1):10-16.
    The demand for donor organs for transplantation in the UK far exceeds the supply. A number of improvements in the infrastructure surrounding organ donation, as well as attempts to increase public awareness, have been made over recent years, but there remains a massive shortfall. It has been proposed that a system of presumed consent for organ donation, in which all individuals are considered to be potential organ donors after death unless they have previously opted out, may serve to increase the (...)
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  22.  57
    The Limits of Principlism and Recourse to Theory: The Example of Telecare.Tom Sorell - 2011 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (4):369-382.
    Principlism is the approach promoted by Beauchamp and Childress for addressing the ethics of medical practice. Instead of evaluating clinical decisions by means of full-scale theories from moral philosophy, Beauchamp and Childress refer people to four principles—of autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. Now it is one thing for principlism to be invoked in an academic literature dwelling on a stock topic of medical ethical writing: end-of-life decisions, for example. It is another when the topic lies further from the (...)
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  23.  48
    Principlism and moral dilemmas: a new principle.J. P. DeMarco - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (2):101-105.
    Moral conflicts occur in theories that involve more than one principle. I examine basic ways of dealing with moral dilemmas in medical ethics and in ethics generally, and propose a different approach based on a principle I call the "mutuality principle". It is offered as an addition to Tom Beauchamp and James Childress' principlism. The principle calls for the mutual enhancement of basic moral values. After explaining the principle and its strengths, I test it by way of an examination (...)
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  24.  93
    Defending principlism well understood.Michael Quante & Andreas Vieth - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (6):621 – 649.
    After presenting the current version of principlism, in the process repudiating a widespread deductivist misinterpretation, a fundamental metaethical disagreement is developed by outlining the deductivistic critique of principlism. Once the grounds for this critique have been understood, the dispute between casuistry, deductivism and principlism can be restructured, and the model of "application" proven to be the central difference. In the concluding section it is argued that principlism is the most attractive position, if the perceptual model of (...)
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  25.  14
    Character-Principlism and the Particularity Objection.Jeffrey Blustein - 1997 - Metaphilosophy 28 (1-2):135-155.
    This paper is a response to particularist critics of the normative force of moral principles. The particularist critique, as I understand it, is a rejection not only of principle‐based accounts of moral deliberation and justification, but also of accounts of character in which principles play a central role. I focus on the latter challenge and counter it with a view I call character‐principlism. I begin by discussing in a general way what motivates the particularity objection to principles and then (...)
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  26.  7
    Principlism and the problem of deductive ethics.Laurens Landeweerd - 2004 - Global Bioethics 17 (1):161-166.
    Principlism, or principle based ethics, was one of the first approaches in an independent bioethics. After receiving some criticism towards the end of the 1980s, an adjusted version was put forward. This paper attempts to analyse the main theoretical problems associated with principlism and test them against the background of modern linguistic philosophy, the philosophy of Robert B. Brandom in particular.
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  27.  87
    Principlism and Its Alleged Competitors.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1995 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 5 (3):181-198.
    Principles that provide general normative frameworks in bioethics have been criticized since the late 1980s, when several different methods and types of moral philosophy began to be proposed as alternatives or substitutes. Several accounts have emerged in recent years, including: (1) Impartial Rule Theory (supported in this issue by K. Danner Clouser), (2) Casuistry (supported in this issue by Albert Jonsen), and (3) Virtue Ethics (supported in this issue by Edmund D. Pellegrino). Although often presented as rival methods or theories, (...)
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  28.  19
    Principlism and the Ethical Appraisal of Clinical Trials.Eric M. Meslin - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (4):399-418.
    For nearly two decades, the process of reviewing the ethical merit of research involving human subjects has been based on the application of principles initially described in the U.S. National Commission's Belmont Report, and later articulated more fully by Beauchamp and Childress in their Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Recently, the use of ethical principles for deliberating about moral problems in medicine and research, referred to in the pejorative sense as “principlism”, has come under scrutiny. In this paper we argue (...)
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  29. Principlism and Contemporary Ethical Considers in Transgender Health Care.Luke Allen, Noah Adams, Florence Ashley, Cody Dodd, Diane Ehrensaft, Lin Fraser, Maurice Garcia, Simona Giordano, Jamison Green, Thomas Johnson, Justin Penny, Rachlin Katherine & Jaimie Veale - forthcoming - International Journal of Transgender Health.
    Background: Transgender health care is a subject of much debate among clinicians, political commentators, and policy-makers. While the World Professional Association of Transgender Health (WPATH) Standards of Care (SOC) establish clinical standards, these standards contain implied ethics but lack explicit focused discussion of ethical considerations in providing care. An ethics chapter in the SOC would enhance clinical guidelines. Aims: We aim to provide a valuable guide for healthcare professionals, and anyone interested in the ethical aspects of clinical support for gender (...)
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  30.  41
    Making principlism practical: A commentary on Gordon, rauprich, and Vollmann.Tom L. Beauchamp - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (6):301-303.
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  31.  12
    The Principlism-Confucianism Debate Continues.Leonardo D. de Castro - 2012 - Asian Bioethics Review 4 (1):1-3.
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  32. A Critique of Principlism.K. D. Clouser & B. Gert - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (2):219-236.
    The authors use the term “principlism” to refer to the practice of using “principles” to replace both moral theory and particular moral rules and ideals in dealing with the moral problems that arise in medical practice. The authors argue that these “principles” do not function as claimed, and that their use is misleading both practically and theoretically. The “principles” are in fact not guides to action, but rather they are merely names for a collection of sometimes superficially related matters (...)
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  33.  18
    A Principlist Justification of Physical Restraint in the Emergency Department.Hugo Hall & David G. Smithard - 2021 - The New Bioethics 27 (2):176-184.
    The ethics of physical restraint in the Emergency Department has always been an emotive and controversial issue. Recently a vanguard of advocacy groups and regulatory agencies have...
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  34.  28
    Can Principlism Save Medical Ethics?Patrick Guinan - 2002 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 2 (2):229-234.
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  35.  58
    What really separates casuistry from principlism in biomedical ethics.Paul Cudney - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (3):205-229.
    Since the publication of the first edition of Tom Beauchamp and James Childress’s Principles of Biomedical Ethics there has been much debate about what a proper method in medical ethics should look like. The main rival for Beauchamp and Childress’s account, principlism, has consistently been casuistry, an account that recommends argument by analogy from paradigm cases. Admirably, Beauchamp and Childress have modified their own view in successive editions of Principles of Biomedical Ethics in order to address the concerns proponents (...)
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  36. The principlist approach to bioethics and its stormy journey overseas.P. Herissone-Kelly - 2003 - In Matti Häyry & Tuija Takala (eds.), Scratching the surface of bioethics. New York: Rodopi. pp. 65--77.
     
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  37. Principlism, virtuism, and the spirit of oneness.Raanan Gillon - 2019 - In Alastair V. Campbell, Voo Teck Chuan, Richard Huxtable & N. S. Peart (eds.), Healthcare ethics, law and professionalism: essays on the works of Alastair V. Campbell. New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
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  38. The principlism debate.Richard Davis - manuscript
     
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  39.  93
    Principlism.Jeffrey W. Bulger - 2007 - Teaching Ethics 8 (1):81-100.
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  40. A principlist-based study of the ethical design and acceptability of artificial social agents.Paul Formosa - 2023 - International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 172.
    Artificial Social Agents (ASAs), which are AI software driven entities programmed with rules and preferences to act autonomously and socially with humans, are increasingly playing roles in society. As their sophistication grows, humans will share greater amounts of personal information, thoughts, and feelings with ASAs, which has significant ethical implications. We conducted a study to investigate what ethical principles are of relative importance when people engage with ASAs and whether there is a relationship between people’s values and the ethical principles (...)
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  41. Principlism.Donald C. Ainslie - 1982 - In Warren T. Reich (ed.), Encyclopedia of Bioethics. Macmillan.
     
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  42. Navigating Principlism and Particularism: Reflections on “Rawls’s Efficiency”.Ataollah Hashemi - forthcoming - Southwest Philosophy Review.
  43.  74
    What is the outcome of applying principlism?Kristen Hine - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (6):375-388.
    The four principles approach to bioethics, an approach most associated with the work of Tom Beauchamp and James Childress, is supposed to provide a framework for reasoning through moral issues in medicine. One might wonder, if one were to guide one’s thinking by the method suggested by principlism, will one identify and perform the objectively morally right action? Will one’s decision making be justified, and consequently, will the action that flows from that decision itself be justified? In this paper, (...)
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  44.  18
    Dr Daly's principlist defence of multiple heart valve replacements for continuing opiate users: the importance of Aristotle’s formal principle of justice.Raanan Gillon - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (10):651-652.
    In this journal, Dr Daniel Daly, an American bioethicist, uses a principlist approach (respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice) to argue that intravenous opiate users should not be denied repeat heart valve replacements if these are medically indicated, ‘unless the valve replacement significantly violates another’s autonomy or one or more of the three remaining principles’.1 In brief outline, the paper seeks to use a widely accepted ethical theory—‘principlism’ as developed by Beauchamp and Childress over the last 40 plus (...)
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  45.  17
    Principlism Revisited: Response to Simon Waltho. [REVIEW]Lars Westin & Tore Nilstun - 2006 - Health Care Analysis 14 (4):247-248.
    We respond to the comments provided on our paper `Principles help to analyse but often give no solution-secondary prevention after a cardiac event’ by Simon Waltho, and highlight points of clarification.
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  46.  32
    A Sociological Account of the Growth of Principlism.John H. Evans - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (5):31-39.
    Bioethicists’ attraction to principlism is rooted in a Western view of how matters that affect the public ought to be deliberated and decided: their resolution ought to be so structured and constrained that it can be understood and verified even by those at a remove from the circumstances of the problem. That view of deliberation, itself fostered by the Western view of government, has encouraged principlism to spread from its source in human subjects research into other areas of (...)
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  47.  8
    Principlism, The Ethics of Virtue, and the Politics of Bioethics.Lynn Holt & Bryan Hilliard - 2006 - Journal of International Political Theory 2:79-92.
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  48.  20
    Personalism versus Principlism in Bioethics.Tadeusz Biesaga - 1970 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 8 (1):23-34.
    The bioethics of four principles, named as principlism, began in 1979 with the work of Principles of Biomedical Ethics by Tom Beauchamp and James F. Childress and has been widely criticized since the 80s. In recent years four rival approaches towards principlism have been specified in this critique. These include: a) impartial rule theory, developed by K. Danner Clouser; b) casuistry, represented by Albert Jensen, and c) virtue ethics, developed by Edmund D. Pellegrino. The critique of principlism (...)
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  49.  27
    Abortion, euthanasia, and the limits of principlism.Brieann Rigby & Xavier Symons - 2023 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 26 (4):549-556.
    Principlism is an ethical framework that has dominated bioethical discourse for the past 50 years. There are differing perspectives on its proper scope and limits. In this article, we consider to what extent principlism provides guidance for the abortion and euthanasia debates. We argue that whilst principlism may be considered a useful framework for structuring bioethical discourse, it does not in itself allow for the resolution of these neuralgic policy discussions. Scholars have attempted to use principlism (...)
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  50. The Vice of In-Principlism and the Harmfulness of Love.John Danaher - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (11):19-21.
    This is a response to Earp and colleagues' target article "If I could just stop loving you: Anti-love biotechnology and the ethics of a chemical break-up". I argue that the authors may indulge in the vice of in-principlism when presenting their ethical framework for dealing with anti-love biotechnology, and that they mis-apply the concept of harm.
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