Results for 'phronesis'

491 found
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  1.  53
    Phronesis as an Ideal in Professional Medical Ethics: Some Preliminary Positionings and Problematics.Kristján Kristjánsson - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (5):299-320.
    Phronesis has become a buzzword in contemporary medical ethics. Yet, the use of this single term conceals a number of significant conceptual controversies based on divergent philosophical assumptions. This paper explores three of them: on phronesis as universalist or relativist, generalist or particularist, and natural/painless or painful/ambivalent. It also reveals tensions between Alasdair MacIntyre’s take on phronesis, typically drawn upon in professional ethics discourses, and Aristotle’s original concept. The paper offers these four binaries as a possible analytical (...)
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  2. Phronesis as Ethical Expertise: Naturalism of Second Nature and the Unity of Virtue.Mario De Caro, Maria Silvia Vaccarezza & Ariele Niccoli - 2018 - Journal of Value Inquiry 52 (3):287-305.
    This paper has a twofold aim. On the one hand, we will discuss the much debated question of the source of normativity (which traditionally has nature and practical reason as the two main contenders to this role) and propose a new answer to it. Second, in answering this question, we will present a new account of practical wisdom, which conceives of the ethical virtues as ultimately unified in the chief virtue of phronesis, understood as ethical expertise. To do so, (...)
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  3. Phronesis e Virtude do Caráter em Aristóteles: comentários a Ética a Nicômaco VI.Lucas Angioni - 2011 - Dissertatio 34:303-345.
    These are commentaries to the translation into Portuguese of Nicomachean Ethics VI, found in the same volume of Dissertatio.
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  4. Phronêsis and the Ideal of Beauty.Danielle Lories - 2017 - In Véronique M. Fóti & Pavlos Kontos (eds.), Phenomenology and the Primacy of the Political: Essays in Honor of Jacques Taminiaux. Springer.
    In a number of studies, Jacques Taminiaux focuses on the Aristotelian concepts of bios politikos and phronêsis, that is, the intellectual excellence in the domain of praxis. Here I would like to address in particular his insightful and textually close commentary on Hannah Arendt’s essay entitled: “The Crisis in Culture: Its Social and Political Significance,” Chapter VI of Between Past and Future. There Taminiaux insists on the joint and finely articulated roles of the Ancients—Pericles, Aristotle, and Cicero—and of Kant in (...)
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  5. Phronesis in Aristotle: Reconciling Deliberation with Spontaneity.Bronwyn Finnigan - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (3):674-697.
    A standard thesis of contemporary Aristotelian virtue ethics and some recent Heideggerian scholarship is that virtuous behavior can be performed immediately and spontaneously without engaging conscious processes of deliberative thought. It is also claimed that phronēsis either enables or is consistent with this possibility. In the Nicomachean Ethics, however, Aristotle identifies phronesis as the excellence of the calculative part of the intellect, claims that calculation and deliberation are the same and that it is the mark of the phronimos to (...)
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  6.  2
    Real Social Science: Applied Phronesis.Bent Flyvbjerg, Todd Landman & Sanford Schram (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Real Social Science presents a new, hands-on approach to social inquiry. The theoretical and methodological ideas behind the book, inspired by Aristotelian phronesis, represent an original perspective within the social sciences, and this volume gives readers for the first time a set of studies exemplifying what applied phronesis looks like in practice. The reflexive analysis of values and power gives new meaning to the impact of research on policy and practice. Real Social Science is a major step forward (...)
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  7. Phronesis and Hermeneutics: The Construct of Social / Economic Phenomenon and Their Interpretation for a Sustainable Society. Jackson - 2016 - Economic Insights - Trends and Challenges 8 (2):1-8.
    This article has provided a forum for analytical discourses pertaining to two philosophical and methodological concepts (Phronesis and Hermeneutics) in a bid to addressing the key objectives set out. Dscussions emanated from the work (more so from literature review carried out) clearly shows that, there is no crystal dichotomy between the two concepts, but more so the prevalence of inter-connectedness and interpretation of situations or even texts can also be based on an expression of positive biasness towards what one (...)
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  8. Phronesis and Decision Making in Medicine: Practical Wisdom in Action.K. W. M. Fulford & Tim Thornton - forthcoming - Routledge.
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  9. Phronesis and Techne: The Skill Model of Wisdom Defended.Cheng-Hung Tsai - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 98 (2):234-247.
    Contemporary philosophers have contributed to the development of the skill model of wisdom, according to which practical wisdom is practical skill. However, the model appears to be limited in its explanatory power, since there are asymmetries between wisdom and skill: A person with practical wisdom can and should deliberate about the end being pursued; by contrast, a person with a particular practical skill cannot deliberate about the end of the skill, and even if she can, she is not required to (...)
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  10.  23
    Deliberation, Phronesis, and Authenticity: Heidegger's Early Conception of Rhetoric.Susan Zickmund - 2007 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 40 (4):406 - 415.
  11.  94
    Phronesis, Poetics, and Moral Creativity.John Wall - 2003 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (3):317-341.
    At least since Aristotle, phronesis (practical wisdom) and poetics (making or creating) have been understood as essentially different activities, one moral the other (in itself) non-moral. Today, if anything, this distinction is sharpened by a Romantic association of poetics with inner subjective expression. Recent revivals of Aristotelian ethics sometimes allow for poetic dimensions of ethics, but these are still separated from practical wisdom per se. Through a fresh reading of phronesis in the French hermeneutical phenomenologist Paul Ricoeur, I (...)
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  12.  31
    Phronēsis and the Art of Healing: Gadamer, Merleau-Ponty, and the Phenomenology of Equilibrium in Health.Donald A. Landes - 2015 - Human Studies 38 (2):261-279.
    In the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle places the art of medicine alongside other examples of technē. According to Gadamer, however, medicine is different because in medicine the physician does not, properly speaking, produce anything. In The Enigma of Health, rather than introducing Aristotle’s intellectual virtue of phronēsis (practical wisdom) as a way of understanding medical practice, Gadamer focuses on how medicine is a technē “with a difference”. In this paper, I argue that, despite the richness of his insights, this focus prevents (...)
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  13. Die Phronesis in der Philosophie Platons Vor Dem Staate.Johannes Hirschberger - 1932 - Dieterich.
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  14.  40
    The Ways of Aristotle: Aristotelian Phrónêsis, Aristotelian Philosophy of Dialogue, and Action Research.Olav Eikeland - 2008 - Bern: Peter Lang.
    This book is a meticulous study of Aristotle's phronesis and its applications to the fields of personal development or character formation and of ethical ...
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  15.  65
    Phronesis, Clinical Reasoning, and Pellegrino's Philosophy of Medicine.F. Daniel Davis - 1997 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (1-2):173-195.
    In terms of Aristotle's intellectual virtues, the process of clinical reasoning and the discipline of clinical medicine are often construed as techne (art), as episteme (science), or as an amalgam or composite of techne and episteme. Although dimensions of process and discipline are appropriately described in these terms, I argue that phronesis (practical reasoning) provides the most compelling paradigm, particularly of the rationality of the physician's knowing and doing in the clinical encounter with the patient. I anchor this argument, (...)
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  16.  16
    Phronesis and the Epistemological Journey Through Research Undertakings Involving Human Participants in the Context of Sierra Leone.Emerson Abraham Jackson - 2016 - Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 5 (2):37-54.
    This article has provided some philosophical thoughts concerning the journey of research undertakings involving human participants, with consideration given to both natural / physical and human / social science fields, and with a focus on the situation in Sierra Leone. In the process of professional engagement, researchers must seek to give serious reflective thoughts on how their engagement may affect participants and communities - this study has unravelled some thoughts on evolving perspectives. Ethical code of practice has been highlighted as (...)
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  17.  54
    Phronesis and Automated Science: The Case of Machine Learning and Biology.Emanuele Ratti - 2019 - In Fabio Sterpetti & M. Bertolaso (eds.), Will Science Remain Human? Springer.
    The applications of machine learning and deep learning to the natural sciences has fostered the idea that the automated nature of algorithmic analysis will gradually dispense human beings from scientific work. In this paper, I will show that this view is problematic, at least when ML is applied to biology. In particular, I will claim that ML is not independent of human beings and cannot form the basis of automated science. Computer scientists conceive their work as being a case of (...)
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  18.  39
    Temporal Phronesis in the Anthropocene.David Wood - 2017 - Research in Phenomenology 47 (2):220-227.
    The situation in which we find ourselves—of potentially catastrophic global climate change—makes it clear why we need to move beyond a phenomenological approach to time to include evolutionary, historical, material, ecological and personal perspectives. This paper distinguishes ten different ways in which the complexity of time reveals itself to contemporary reflection. These patterns or shapes of time supply interpretive resources for the temporal phronesis needed to navigate the challenge of productively inheriting our many pasts, while thinking through and practically (...)
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  19.  9
    Collective Phronesis in Business Ethics Education and Managerial Practice: A Neo-Aristotelian Analysis.Kristján Kristjánsson - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-16.
    The aim of this article is to provide an overview of various discourses relevant to developing a construct of collective phronesis, from a -Aristotelian perspective, with implications for professional practice in general and business practice and business ethics education in particular. Despite the proliferation of interest in practical wisdom within business ethics and more general areas of both psychology and philosophy, the focus has remained mostly on the construct at the level of individual decision-making, as in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. (...)
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  20.  3
    Phronēsis and Contemplation.John Hacker-Wright - 2021 - Dialogue 60 (3):475-482.
    An appealing interpretation of Aristotle's moral psychology argues that character virtue sets the goal of the good life. On that view, practical wisdom or phronēsis supplies only the means toward the end that is grasped by the character virtues. Yet, this view has trouble accounting for the supremacy of the contemplative life, which is clearly the best life in the paradigmatic or strict sense for Aristotle. In this paper, I argue that the intellect plays a role for Aristotle in realizing (...)
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  21.  7
    Phronesis in Medical Ethics: Courage and Motivation to Keep on the Track of Rightness in Decision-Making.Aisha Malik, Mervyn Conroy & Chris Turner - 2020 - Health Care Analysis 28 (2):158-175.
    Ethical decision making in medicine has recently seen calls to move towards less prescriptive- based approaches that consider the particularities of each case. The main alternative call from the literature is for better understanding of phronesis concepts applied to decision making. A well-cited phronesis-based approach is Kaldjian’s five-stage theoretical framework: goals, concrete circumstances, virtues, deliberation and motivation to act. We build on Kaldjian’s theory after using his framework to analyse data collected from a three-year empirical study of (...) and the medical community. The data are a set of narratives collected in response to asking a medical community what making ethically wise decisions means to them. We found that Kaldjian’s five concepts are present in the accounts to some extent but that one of the elements, motivation, is constructed as playing a different, though still crucial role. Rather than being an end-stage of the process as Kaldjian’s framework suggests, motivation was constructed as initiating the process and maintaining the momentum of taking a phronesis-based approach. The implications for medical ethics decision-making education are significant as motivation itself is a highly complex concept. We therefore theorise that motivation is required for leading in, continuing and completing the actions of the ethical decision taken. Appreciating the central importance of motivation through the whole of Kaldjian’s framework has implications for cultivating the virtues of phronesis and courage to take the right course of action. (shrink)
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  22.  34
    Heidegger on Aristotelian Phronêsis and Moral Justification.David Zoller - 2021 - European Journal of Philosophy 29 (4):778-794.
    Recent reconstructions of Heidegger's thoughts on ethics have a curious paradoxical feature. On the one hand, Heidegger, particularly in his Aristotle lectures of the 1920s, offers a view of practical reason on which Dasein has its “moral knowledge” in a fully perceptual, non-cognitive way. This generally sets Heidegger in opposition to the whole business of principled moral justification before the fact. On the other hand, the literature is peppered with what appear to be principled denunciations of immorality—particularly violations of other (...)
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  23.  6
    Phronêsis and Kalokagathia in Eudemian Ethics VIII.3.Daniel Wolt - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):1-23.
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  24.  33
    Using Phronesis Instead of 'Research-Based Practice' as the Guiding Light for Nursing Practice.Don Flaming - 2001 - Nursing Philosophy 2 (3):251-258.
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  25. Can Phronesis Save the Life of Medical Ethics?Eric B. Beresford - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (3).
    There has been a growing interest in casuistry since the ground breaking work of Jonsen and Toulmin. Casuistry, in their view, offers the possibility of securing the moral agreement that policy makers desire but which has proved elusive to theory driven approaches to ethics. However, their account of casuistry is dependent upon the exercise of phronesis. As recent discussions of phronesis make clear, this requires attention not only to the particulars of the case, but also to the substantive (...)
     
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  26.  12
    Phronesis: Practical Wisdom the Role of Professional Practice Knowledge in the Clinical Reasoning of Bobath Instructors.Julie Vaughan-Graham & Cheryl Cott - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):935-948.
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  27.  16
    Performing Phronesis: On the Way to Engaged Judgment.John Shotter & Haridimos Tsoukas - 2014 - Management Learning 45 (4):377-396.
    Practical wisdom and judgment, rather than seen as ‘things’ hidden inside the mind, are best talked of, we suggest, as emerging developmentally within an unceasing flow of activities, in which practitioners are inextricably immersed. Following a performative line of thinking, we argue that when practitioners face a bewildering situation in which they do not know, initially at least, how to proceed, the judgment they exercise emerges out of seeking to establish a new orientation to their puzzling surroundings. They do so (...)
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  28. Phronesis in Plato’s Intellectual System.Sahar Kavandi & Maryam Ahmadi - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations 13 (26):317-337.
    Phronesis is a fundamental term in Ancient Greek Philosophical tradition. This term is based on »wise- ruler« in Plato and »legislator- philosopher« thought in Plato. Most of Philosophers and commentators of Aristotle work relate methodical use of this term to Aristotle. This affair is the result of the manner of these two philosopher’s expression. But their ambiguity shows phronesis less importance in Plato’s intellectual tradition.Phronesis in Plato is brightness that results from good perception. But in his last (...)
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  29.  7
    Phronesis in Administration and Organizations: A Literature Review and Future Research Agenda.Maria Clara Figueiredo Dalla Costa Ames, Maurício Custódio Serafim & Marcello Beckert Zappellini - 2020 - Business Ethics: A European Review 29 (S1):65-83.
    Business Ethics: A European Review, EarlyView.
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  30. A Phronesis como forma de hermenêutica.Edimarcio Testa - 2021 - Griot : Revista de Filosofia 21 (2):148-160.
    A _phronesis_ aristotélica da _Ética Nicomaqueia_ está na base de todo pensamento de Hans-Georg Gadamer, bem como de toda a sua teoria hermenêutica, sob a forma de modelo. Mostro, mediante descrição, que ela é referência para a abordagem gadameriana dos problemas hermenêuticos da aplicação e da natureza da própria hermenêutica. Disso resulta que a _phronesis_ assume uma forma hermenêutica na medida em que contribui para a caracterização da atividade aplicativa do intérprete e para a determinação da hermenêutica filosófica como práxis, (...)
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  31.  24
    Retrieving Phronêsis: Heidegger on the Essence of Politics.Gregory Fried - 2014 - Continental Philosophy Review 47 (3-4):293-313.
    To be human is to be in the world with others, and so what it means to be goes to the root of ethical and political life. One would have to be exceptionally obtuse not to recognize that this age, which we now share as a planetary humanity, is indeed in crisis, despite all our apparent progress if not because of it: the economic and political upheavals that threaten to throw whole regions into uproar, the shifts in climate that threaten (...)
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  32. Phronêsis and Kalokagathia in Eudemian Ethics VIII.1.Daniel Wolt - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Philosophy.
    In Eudemian Ethics 8.3, Aristotle treats a virtue that he calls kalokagathia, ‘nobility-and-goodness’. This virtue appears to be quite important, and he even identifies it with “perfect virtue” (1249a17). This makes it puzzling that the Nicomachean Ethics, a text that largely parallels the Eudemian Ethics, does not discuss kalokagathia at all. I argue that the reason for this difference has to do with the role that the intellectual virtue practical wisdom (phronêsis) plays in these treatises. The Nicomachean Ethics, I argue, (...)
     
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  33. Virtue, Phronesis and Learning.Joseph Dunne - 1999 - In David Carr & J. W. Steutel (eds.), Virtue Ethics and Moral Education. Routledge. pp. 51--65.
     
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  34.  3
    Здатність судження і phronesis у практичній філософії г. арендт.Sofia O. Leonteva - 2020 - Вісник Харківського Національного Університету Імені В. Н. Каразіна. Серія «Філософія. Філософські Перипетії» 62:63-69.
    One of the crucial issues of modern universalistic theories of practical philosophy is the theoretical justification of normative principles and moral judgments that enables their universal validity. The problems these theories face are caused by separating rational theorizing from contexts of real life. That is the separation of theoretical justification and practice. The common for modern practical philosophy opposition between universalism and contextualism is reinterpreted today, new theories of post-metaphysical universalism appear that provide the developments of the last universalistic project (...)
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  35.  92
    The Passions of the Wise: Phronêsis, Rhetoric, and Aristotle’s Passionate Practical Deliberation.Arash Abizadeh - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (2):267 - 296.
    According to Aristotle, character (êthos) and emotion (pathos) are constitutive features of the process of phronetic practical deliberation: in order to render a determinate action-specific judgement, practical reasoning cannot be simply reduced to logical demonstration (apodeixis). This can be seen by uncovering an important structural parallel between the virtue of phronêsis and the art of rhetoric. This structural parallel helps to show how Aristotle's account of practical reason and deliberation, which constructively incorporates the emotions, illuminates key issues in contemporary democratic (...)
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  36.  33
    Intensifying Phronesis: Heidegger, Aristotle, and Rhetorical Culture. Smith - 2003 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 36 (1):77 - 102.
  37. Heidegger on Aristotelian Phronêsis and Moral Justification.David Zoller - 2022 - Wiley: European Journal of Philosophy 29 (4).
    European Journal of Philosophy, Volume 29, Issue 4, Page 778-794, December 2021.
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  38.  18
    Phronesis of Nurses: A Response to Moral Distress.Hsun-Kuei Ko, Hui-Chen Tseng, Chi-Chun Chin & Min-Tao Hsu - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301983312.
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  39. Phronesis in Clinical Ethics.Glenn Mcgee - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (4).
    This essay argues that while we have examined clinical ethics quite extensively in the literature, too little attention has been paid to the complex question of how clinical ethics is learned. Competing approaches to ethics pedagogy have relied on outmoded understandings of the way moral learning takes place in ethics. It is argued that the better approach, framed in the work of Aristotle, is the idea of phronesis, which depends on a long-term mentorship in clinical medicine for either medical (...)
     
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  40.  44
    Phronesis Vs. Sophia.Pangiotis Thanassas - 2012 - Review of Metaphysics 66 (1):31-59.
    Heidegger’s first period in Freiburg, where he taught as an assistant of Edmund Husserl, is characterized by a long, intense confrontation with the philosophy of Aristotle, manifested not only in the titles of his university lectures, but also in his explicit intention to write a book on Aristotle. This undertaking will recede in 1924 in Marburg, in view of the decision to write a treatise on time. This treatise will finally be composed in 1926 and will be published in 1927 (...)
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  41. Phrónesis y Hermenéutica.Nowys Navas - 2012 - Apuntes Filosóficos 21 (40).
    En este artículo desplegaremos los supuestos que conducen a la rehabilitación del pensamiento de Aristóteles por parte de Gadamer, la cual tiene como eje central a la phrónesis aristotélica interpretada en vista del horizonte de la comprensión hermenéutica. Phronesis and HermeneuticsIn this article we will expound the assumptions that lead to the rehabilitation of Aristotle's thought by Gadamer, which has the Aristotelian phronesis as a core concept, interpreted in light of the horizon of hermeneutic understanding.
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  42.  6
    Intensifying Phronesis : Heidegger, Aristotle, and Rhetorical Culture. Smith - 2003 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 36 (1):77-102.
  43.  6
    If Phrónêsis Does Not Develop and Define Virtue as its Own Deliberative Goal — What Does?Olav Eikeland - 2016 - Labyrinth 18 (2):27-49.
    The article discusses relationships and contexts for "reason", "knowledge", and virtue in Aristotle, based on and elaborating some results from Eikeland. It positions Eikeland in relation to Moss but with a side view to Cammick, Kristjansson, and Taylor. These all seem to disagree among themselves but still agree partly in different ways with Eikeland. The text focuses on two questions: 1) the role or tasks of "reason", "knowledge", and "virtue" respectively in setting the end or goal for ethical deliberation, and (...)
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  44.  18
    Phronesis and an Ethics of Responsibility.Anton Albert Van Niekerk & Nico Nortjé - 2013 - South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 6 (1):26.
    CITATION: Van Niekerk, A. A. & Nortje, N. 2013. Phronesis and an ethics of responsibility. South African Journal of Bioethics and Law, 6:28-31, doi:10.7196/SAJBL.262.
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  45.  60
    Phronēsis Transformed: From Aristotle to Heidegger to Ricoeur.Thomas P. Hohler - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3):347-372.
    The article begins with Aristotle’s discussion of phronēsis for ethical life, only to discover the absence of a universal dimension. This issue of parochialism as opposed to a kind of universalism is a structural element of this paper. Secondly, Heidegger’s ontological interpretation of phronēsis creatively transforms phronēsis to highlight a tension between ethics and fundamental ontology—a tension overcome in the paper’s third section devoted to Ricoeur. Thus, Ricoeur’s post-critical phronēsis is shown to possess a universal dimension while disclosing ontologically. Phronēsis (...)
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  46. 'Phronêsis as a Mean in the Eudemian Ethics'.Giles Pearson - 2007 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 32:273-295.
     
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  47.  21
    Street Phronesis.Jim Mackenzie - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 25 (2):153–169.
  48. La Phronesis-Prudentia Fra Traditio Ed Inventio.Maria Vaccarezza - 2012 - Philosophical News 5.
    While it is undeniable that tradition, in the sense of traditum, plays a fundamental role in the constitution of the morality of individuals and groups, it is equally clear that it requires a continuous revision and rediscovery. On the one hand, experience would be opaque from a tabula rasa, and becomes intelligible only through a particular “lens”, which allows one to understand the situation, and to grasp its moral relevance, but, on the other, the lens itself needs to improve, to (...)
     
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  49.  38
    Phronesis and Techne: The Debate on Evidence-Based Medicine in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy.Erik Falkum - 2008 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 15 (2):141-149.
  50.  21
    Thoughts on Phronesis.Nicholas C. Burbules - 2019 - Ethics and Education 14 (2):126-137.
    ABSTRACTThis essay explores the concept of phronesis in two contexts: phronesis as a virtue, in fact a meta-virtue because it guides the exercise of other virtues; and phronesis as an element in theories of practice. I argue that these two aspects are closely related, because ethics – especially virtue ethics – is best understood as a kind of practice. The second part of the essay explores some of the consequences of thinking about ethics in this way.
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