Results for 'philosophical method'

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  1. Philosophical Method and Intuitions as Assumptions.Kevin Patrick Tobia - 2015 - Metaphilosophy 46 (4-5):575-594.
    Many philosophers claim to employ intuitions in their philosophical arguments. Others contest that no such intuitions are used frequently or at all in philosophy. This article suggests and defends a conception of intuitions as part of the philosophical method: intuitions are special types of philosophical assumptions to which we are invited to assent, often as premises in argument, that may serve an independent function in philosophical argument and that are not formed through a purely inferential (...)
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  2. Philosophical Methods Under Scrutiny: Introduction to the Special Issue "Philosophical Methods".Anna-Maria A. Eder, Insa Lawler & Raphael van Riel - 2020 - Synthese 197 (3):915-923.
    This paper is the introduction to the Special Issue “Philosophical Methods”. The Special Issue will be published by Synthese.
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  3.  39
    Philosophical Method: A Very Short Introduction.Timothy Williamson - 2020 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Is philosophy a unique discipline, or are its methods more like those of other sciences than many philosophers think? Timothy Williamson explains clearly and concisely how contemporary philosophers think and work, and reflects on their powers and limitations.
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  4.  36
    Philosophical method and the theory of predication and identity.Hector-Neri Castaneda - 1978 - Noûs 12 (2):189-210.
    The problems of referential opacity in psychological contexts require a solution, of which three types are indicated, that contains a profound theory of predication, identity, and individuation. a radical theory, not in the spirit of the current fashions, is outlined. it is called the guise-consubstantiation, conflation, and consociation theory. this theory was first expounded in "thinking and the structure of the world," "philosophia" (1974) and "critica" (1972). the present paper is an introduction to this essay, motivated by two criticisms of (...)
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  5.  7
    An Essay on Philosophical Method.R. G. Collingwood - 1933 - New York: Oxford University Press UK. Edited by James Connelly & Giuseppina D'Oro.
    James Connelly and Giuseppina D'Oro present a new edition of R. G. Collingwood's classic work of 1933, supplementing the original text with important related writings from Collingwood's manuscripts which appear here for the first time. The editors also contribute a substantial new introduction. The volume will be welcomed by all historians of twentieth-century philosophy.
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  6. Philosophical Method.John McDowell - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Research 40 (Supplement):25-29.
    I do not believe that it is in general a good thing for philosophers to concern themselves with philosophical method. But in these remarks I discuss an exception, which arises in the interpretation of Wittgenstein. What Wittgenstein does in his Philosophical Investigations cannot be properly understood except in the context of appreciating his explicitly methodological remarks, in which he in effect disclaims any intention to say anything that might be open to dispute. I try to explain how (...)
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  7.  88
    Philosophical method and Galileo's paradox of infinity.Matthew W. Parker - 2008 - In Bart Van Kerkhove (ed.), New Perspectives on Mathematical Practices: Essays in Philosophy and History of Mathematics : Brussels, Belgium, 26-28 March 2007. World Scientfic.
    We consider an approach to some philosophical problems that I call the Method of Conceptual Articulation: to recognize that a question may lack any determinate answer, and to re-engineer concepts so that the question acquires a definite answer in such a way as to serve the epistemic motivations behind the question. As a case study we examine “Galileo’s Paradox”, that the perfect square numbers seem to be at once as numerous as the whole numbers, by one-to-one correspondence, and (...)
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  8.  35
    Essays on philosophical method.Richard Mervyn Hare - 1971 - Berkeley,: University of California Press.
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  9.  11
    Philosophic Method and Educational Issues: The Legacy of Richard Peters.Robin Barrow - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 54 (3):717-730.
    My discussion suggests that one of Richard Peters’ main contributions to the philosophy of education was in expounding and stressing the need for a particular view of the subject, essentially conceptual analysis. The paper proceeds to defend this view and Peters’ specific account of education against the charges that his work relies simply on preferred definitions and that it is unwarrantably prescriptive. The practical value of this kind of philosophy is then further assessed, while in the final section attention is (...)
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  10.  38
    Philosophical Method.Russell Marcus - 2019 - The Philosophers' Magazine 85:62-67.
  11. Illness, phenomenology, and philosophical method.Havi Hannah Carel - 2013 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (4):345-357.
    In this article, I propose that illness is philosophically revealing and can be used to explore human experience. I suggest that illness is a limit case of embodied experience. By pushing embodied experience to its limit, illness sheds light on normal experience, revealing its ordinary and thus overlooked structure. Illness produces a distancing effect, which allows us to observe normal human behavior and cognition via their pathological counterpart. I suggest that these characteristics warrant illness a philosophical role that has (...)
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  12.  25
    On Philosophical Method.Eric Matthews & Hector-Neri Castaneda - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (126):89.
  13. On Philosophical Method.H.-N. CASTAÑEDA - 1980
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  14.  59
    Philosophical method and direct awareness of the self.Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1979 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 8 (1):1-58.
    Here are crucial data for any theory of the self, self-consciousness or the structure of experience. We discuss the fundamental structure of both indexical reference, especially first-term reference, and quasi-indexical reference, used in attributing first-person reference to others. Chisholm's ingenious account of direct awareness of self is tested against the two sets of data. It satisfies neither. Chisholm's definitions raise serious questions both about philosophical methodology and about the underlying ontology of individuation, identity, and predication. Chisholm's adverbial account of (...)
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  15. Philosophical Method.Z. van Straaten - 1989 - South African Journal of Philosophy 8 (1):1-7.
     
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  16.  35
    An Introduction to Philosophical Methods.Christopher Daly - 2010 - Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
    _An Introduction to Philosophical Methods_ is the first book to survey the various methods that philosophers use to support their views. Rigorous yet accessible, the book introduces and illustrates the methodological considerations that are involved in current philosophical debates. Where there is controversy, the book presents the case for each side, but highlights where the key difficulties with them lie. While eminently student-friendly, the book makes an important contribution to the debate regarding the acceptability of the various (...) methods, and so it will also be of interest to more experienced philosophers. (shrink)
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  17.  66
    An Introduction to Philosophical Methods.Chris Daly - 2010 - Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
    An Introduction to Philosophical Methods is the first book to survey the various methods that philosophers use to support their views. Rigorous yet accessible, the book introduces and illustrates the methodological considerations that are involved in current philosophical debates. Where there is controversy, the book presents the case for each side, but highlights where the key difficulties with them lie. While eminently student-friendly, the book makes an important contribution to the debate regarding the acceptability of the various (...) methods, and so it will also be of interest to more experienced philosophers. (shrink)
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  18. The Philosophical Method of Merleau-Ponty.Michel Dalissier - 2016 - In William Sweet Cristal Huang (ed.), Care of Self and Meaning of Life: Asian and Christian Reflections. pp. 91-108.
    This is a study focusing on the philosophical method of Maurice Merleau-Ponty. My approach begins with his style of writing, which furnishes some clues that concretely reveal his way of thinking. This makes perceptible an active process working in the texts. Working from here, the right approach seems to be a certain methodus negativa, opening a vast field of investigations, not only in existentialism, phenomenology, and ontology, but also, metaphysics. That is why, finally, such investigations cannot avoid a (...)
     
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  19.  10
    Philosophical Method and Direct Awareness of the Self.Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1979 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 7 (1):1-58.
    Here are crucial data for any theory of the self, self-consciousness or the structure of experience. We discuss the fundamental structure of both indexical reference, especially first-term reference, and quasi-indexical reference, used in attributing first-person reference to others. Chisholm's ingenious account of direct awareness of self is tested against the two sets of data. It satisfies neither. Chisholm's definitions raise serious questions both about philosophical methodology and about the underlying ontology of individuation, identity, and predication. Chisholm's adverbial account of (...)
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  20.  16
    Calcidius’ Philosophical Method.Christina Maria Hoenig - 2021 - Ancient Philosophy 41 (1):185-206.
  21. On Philosophical Method.Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1983 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 37 (4):656-659.
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  22. Philosophical Methods.Reinhard Brandt - 2006 - In Knud Haakonssen (ed.), The Cambridge History of Eighteenth-Century Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 139--159.
     
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  23.  3
    An Essay on Philosophical Method.James Connelly & Giuseppina D'Oro (eds.) - 2005 - Clarendon Press.
    James Connelly and Giuseppina D'Oro present a new edition of R. G. Collingwood's classic work of 1933, supplementing the original text with important related writings from Collingwood's manuscripts which appear here for the first time. The editors also contribute a substantial new introduction. The volume will be welcomed by all historians of twentieth-century philosophy.
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  24.  67
    Creative synthesis and philosophic method.Charles Hartshorne - 1970 - La Salle, Ill.,: Open Court Pub. Co..
    A philosophy of shared creative experience.--What metaphysics is.--Present prospects for metaphysics.--Abstraction: the question of nominalism.--Some principles of method.--A logic of ultimate contrasts.--Wittgenstein and Tillich: reflections on metaphysics and language.--Non-restrictive existential statements.--Events, individuals and predication: a defence of event pluralism--The prejudice in favor of symmetry.--The principle of dual transcendence and its basis in ordinary language.--Can there be a priori knowledge of what exists?--Ideas of God: an exhaustive division.--Six theistic proofs.--Sensory qualities and ordinary language.--The aesthetic matrix of value.
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  25. A philosophical method, barale, M. investigation on Kant.L. Amoroso - 1991 - Filosofia 42 (3):413-437.
     
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  26.  16
    Heidegger’s Concept of Philosophical Method : Innovating Philosophy in the Age of Global Warming.Vincent Blok - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    "This book provides new interpretations of Heidegger's philosophical method in light of 20th-century postmodernism and 21st-century speculative realism. In doing so, it raises important questions about philosophical method in the age of global warming and climate change. Vincent Blok addresses topics that have yet to be extensively discussed in Heidegger scholarship, including Heidegger's method of questioning, the religious character of Heidegger's philosophical method and Heidegger's conceptualization of philosophical method as explorative confrontation. (...)
  27. On Philosophical Method. Indiana: NOUS Publications, Number 1, 1980. Hector-Neri Castañeda.S. N. Balagangadhara - 1984 - Philosophica 33.
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  28.  34
    The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophical Methods.Chris Daly (ed.) - 2015 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophical Methods contains twenty-six original and substantive papers examining a wide selection of philosophical methods. Drawing upon an international range of leading contributors, this Handbook will help shape future debates about how philosophy should be done. Topics explored include philosophical disagreement, thought experiments, intuitions, rational reflection, conceptual analysis, explanation, parsimony, and experimental philosophy. Written in a clear and accessible form, and drawing upon the most recent thinking in the field, the papers will be (...)
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  29.  44
    Philosophic method in cicero.Michael J. Buckley - 1970 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 8 (2):143-154.
  30.  24
    The philosophical method of Arthur O. Lovejoy: Critical realism and psychoanalytical realism.Lewis S. Feuer - 1963 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 23 (4):493-510.
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  31.  34
    The Philosophical Method of the Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect and its Application to the Ethics.Frank Lucash - 1993 - Philosophy and Theology 7 (3):311-322.
    I argue that we can arrive at a better understanding of the Ethics and why Spinoza wrote it by viewing it through certain ideas expressed in his Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect. These ideas are: 1) personal remarks, 2) the method and most perfect method, 3) true ideas, 4) false ideas, 5) definitions.
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  32.  8
    Philosophical Method of Dioscorides’s De Materia Medica.Marina Marren & Kevin Marren - 2023 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 13 (1):180-198.
    It is commonly thought that Dioscorides’s view on medicine is purely pragmatic, focused entirely on the effectiveness of medicines, and derived from trial and error. One reason for this interpretation is that Dioscorides himself wrote little about his theory of medicine. In this article, however, we argue that he would have arranged De Materia Medica in a way that would have been useful only to a skilled practitioner. This argument implies that Dioscorides had a medical theory, as the arrangement of (...)
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  33.  26
    Philosophic method.Donald W. Rogers - 1947 - Philosophical Review 56 (6):656-669.
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  34.  11
    On Philosophical Method.Jay F. Rosenberg & Hector-Neri Castaneda - 1982 - Philosophical Review 91 (4):615.
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  35.  37
    Wittgenstein, Philosophical Method and Aspect-Seeing.Debra Aidun - 1982 - Philosophical Investigations 5 (2):106-115.
  36.  35
    The Philosophical Method of Spinoza.Vance Maxwell - 1988 - Dialogue 27 (1):89.
    The main purpose of this paper is to argue, against the formalist or hypothetico-deductivist approach now dominant, that God or substance is for Spinoza a discovery, or indeed a kind of revelation. In both TdlE and Ethics, Spinoza affirms substance as the outcome of a search for salvation. He could not have held that a postulate or presupposition, even if thought necessary, can save man through abstract entailment. Indeed, salvation depends on “the quality of the object to which we cling (...)
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  37. Philosophical method and the rise of social philosophy.J. McMurtry - unknown
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  38. Philosophical Method and the Existenz Philosophy of Karl Jaspers.Peter R. Coffin - 1972 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 53 (2):141.
     
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  39.  66
    Aspect-Perception as a Philosophical Method.Reshef Agam-Segal - 2015 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 4 (1):93-121.
    Inducing aspect-experiences – the sudden seeing of something anew, as when a face suddenly strikes us as familiar – can be used as a philosophical method. In seeing aspects, I argue, we let ourselves experience what it would be like to conceptualize something in a particular way, apart from any conceptual routine. We can use that experience to examine our ways of conceptualizing things, and re-evaluate the ways we make sense of them. I claim that we are not (...)
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  40.  25
    On Philosophic Method.Kai Nielsen - 1976 - International Philosophical Quarterly 16 (3):349-368.
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  41. The Philosophical Method of Merleau-Ponty.Michel Dalissier - 2015 - Monthly Review of Philosophy and Culture, Trans. By LIAO Bai-Zhou 493:37-51.
    這是研究梅洛胤茶哲學方法的第一部分。進入此哲學方法的途径是什磨 党?首先, 梅洛胤 器的寓作風格提 供了我 1門一些線 索来具骨豊的祷別他思考的 方式。 如 此可譲 我1門感知 到在 文本裡運作的進展過程。再者,這個正確的途径在此似乎是一種否定的方法(methodus negativa) , 開敗了一個廣大領域的研究,不僅涵蓋存在主義、現象學、存有學,而且還有形上學。這也是為何,這様的研究到最後無法避免輿笛ヤ兒主義的遭遇。 .
     
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  42. Sexual Orientation, Ideology, and Philosophical Method.Matthew Andler - 2020 - Journal of Social Ontology 5 (2):205-227.
    Here, I examine the epistemic relation between beliefs about the nature of sexual orientation (e.g., beliefs concerning whether orientation is dispositional) and beliefs about the taxonomy of orientation categories (e.g., beliefs concerning whether polyamorous is an orientation category). Current philosophical research gives epistemic priority to the former class of beliefs, such that beliefs about the taxonomy of orientation categories tend to be jettisoned or revised in cases of conflict with beliefs about the nature of sexual orientation. Yet, considering the (...)
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  43.  89
    The problem of philosophical method.Fernando Eliécer Vásquez Barba - 2023 - Analítica 3 (1):83-109.
    The main objective of this paper is to address the problem of the philosophical method, which consists of the lack of consensus among philosophers regarding the proper procedure to carry out this human activity. In this sense, it examines a few methodological proposals put forward by some representatives of contemporary philosophy, emphasizing the impact that the development of modern science has had on such views. In addition, the plausibility of such proposals is assessed.
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  44. Pragmatism and Philosophical Methods.Andrew Howat - forthcoming - In Scott F. Aikin & Robert B. Talisse (eds.), Routledge Companion to Pragmatism. Routledge.
    Philosophical methodology is the central focus of pragmatism’s founding documents. The early works of Peirce, James, and Dewey examine methodological questions such as ‘how do we make philosophical ideas clear?’, ‘what is the best method for fixing belief?’ and ‘how do we know whether a philosophical question is answerable?’. Thus, many consider pragmatism inherently methodological – as a metaphilosophy, a view about how philosophy should or must be done (e.g. Talisse 2017). Any summary of pragmatist methods (...)
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  45. Realism, approximate truth, and philosophical method.Richard Boyd - 1983 - In C. Wade Savage (ed.), Scientific Theories. University of Minnesota Press. pp. 355-391.
  46.  36
    Aristotle's philosophical method.Cdc Reeve - 2012 - In Christopher Shields (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle. Oup Usa. pp. 150.
    A problem is posed: Is pleasure choiceworthy, or not? The answerer claims that yes, it is. The questioner must refute him by asking questions—by offering him premises to accept or reject. The questioner succeeds if he forces the answerer to accept a proposition contrary to the one he undertook to defend, and fails if the answerer always accepts or rejects premises in a way consistent with that proposition. To a first approximation, dialectic is the distinctive method of Aristotelian philosophy. (...)
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  47.  46
    Hertz, Wittgenstein and philosophical method.John Preston - 2007 - Philosophical Investigations 31 (1):48–67.
    There have recently appeared claims that the influence Heinrich Hertz exerted over Wittgenstein's later work was far more abiding than previously recognised. I critically evaluate such claims by Gordon Baker and Allan Janik. I first show that Hertz was indeed concerned with the same feature, clarity, which often exercised Wittgenstein. But I then argue that Wittgenstein should not be seen as having adopted the conception of philosophical method, which Hertz deployed in The Principles of Mechanics. I show that (...)
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  48. Realism, natural kinds, and philosophical methods.Richard Boyd - 2010 - In Helen Beebee & Nigel Sabbarton-Leary (eds.), The Semantics and Metaphysics of Natural Kinds. Routledge. pp. 212--234.
  49. A Minimally Decent Philosophical Method? Analytic Philosophy and Feminism.Ann Garry - 1995 - Hypatia 10 (3):7-30.
    This essay focuses on the extent to which the methods of analytic philosophy can be useful to feminist philosophers. I pose nine general questions feminist philosophers might ask to determine the suitability of a philosophical method. Examples include: Do its typical ways of formulating problems or issues encourage the inclusion of a wide variety of women's points of view? Are its central concepts gender-biased, not merely in their origin, but in very deep, continuing ways? Does it facilitate uncovering (...)
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  50. Paperless Philosophy as a Philosophical Method.David Bourget - 2010 - Social Epistemology 24 (4):363-375.
    I discuss the prospects for novel communication methods in academic research. I describe communication tools which could enhance the practice of conceptual analysis.
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