Results for 'ordered concept pair'

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  1.  43
    The Co-Ascription of Ordered Lexical Pairs: A Cognitive-Science-Based Semantic Theory of Meaning and Reference: Part 2.Thomas Johnston - manuscript
    (1) This is Part 2 of the semantic theory I call TM. In Part 1, I developed TM as a theory in the analytic philosophy of language, in lexical semantics, and in the sociology of relating occasions of statement production and comprehension to formal and informal lexicographic conclusions about statements and lexical items – roughly, as showing how synchronic semantics is a sociological derivative of diachronic, person-relative acts of linguistic behavior. I included descriptions of new cognitive psychology experimental paradigms which (...)
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  2.  15
    Pertença/Desafeição religiosa: recuperando antigo conceito para entender o catolicismo hoje (Religious belonging /disaffection: recover the old concept in order to understand Catholicism today) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n28p1230. [REVIEW]Pedro Assis Ribeiro de Oliveira - 2012 - Horizonte 10 (28):1230-1254.
    O artigo recupera o par conceitual pertença/desafeição religiosa, usado nas pesquisas de “sociologia religiosa” nas décadas de 1950 e 1960, para analisar os fatores da perda de fiéis pela igreja católica, como demonstra o Censo IBGE de 2010. Toma como referência dados de uma pesquisa realizada na região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte em 2012. Com base nessa pesquisa, demonstra que a diminuição de fiéis não se deve a conversão mas a simples trânsito do catolicismo a outra religião. A raiz da (...)
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  3.  25
    Navya-Nyāya on Subject–Predicate and Related Pairs.J. L. Shaw - 2010 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 38 (6):625-642.
    This paper focuses on the relevance of Indian epistemology and the philosophy of language to contemporary Western philosophy. Hence it discusses (1) how perceptual, inferential and verbal cognitions are related to the same object, (2) how to draw the distinction in meaning between transformationally equivalent sentences, such as ‘Brutus killed Caesar’ and ‘Caesar was killed by Brutus’, and (3) why the predicate-expression is to be considered as unsaturated but the subjectexpression as saturated. In order to answer these questions the Nyāya (...)
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  4. The Concept of Evenness/Unevenness: Less Evenness or More Unevenness?Elizabeth M. Gillet & Hans-Rolf Gregorius - 2021 - Acta Biotheoretica 70 (1).
    While evenness is understood to be maximal if all types are represented equally, its opposite, maximal unevenness, either remains conceptually in the dark or is conceived as the type distribution that minimizes the applied evenness index. The latter approach, however, frequently leads to conceptual inconsistency due to the fact that the minimizing distribution is not specifiable or is monomorphic. The state of monomorphism, however, is indeterminate in terms of its evenness/unevenness characteristics. Indeed, the semantic indeterminacy also shows up in the (...)
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  5.  56
    Substance and the Concept of Personal Identity.Jens Kipper - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
    In this paper, I identify and discuss the following feature of our judgments about hypothetical scenarios concerning the identity of persons: with respect to the vast majority of scenarios, both members of a pair of logically complementary propositions about personal identity are conceivable. I consider a number of explanations of this feature that draw on the metaphysics and the epistemology of personal identity, none of which prove to be satisfactory. I then argue that in order to give an adequate (...)
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  6.  16
    The Leninist Concept of the Inexhaustibility of Matter in Contemporary Physics.V. S. Barashenkov - 1971 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 10 (3):263-268.
    In recent years, very little that is new has happened in that branch of particle physics which investigates the structure of particles. In an earlier period, certain doubts had existed about the applicability of quantum electrodynamics at distances of the order of 10-14 cm. Experiments that are universally known, in which pairs of electrons and mu-mesons arose, contradicted the theory somewhat. Later, however, it became clear that all this was a consequence of certain methodological inaccuracies.
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  7. Properties, Possibilia and Contingent Second-Order Predication.Joseph Melia & Duncan Watson - 2009 - Analysis 69 (4):643-649.
    1. The problemLewis identifies the monadic property being F with the set of all actual and possible Fs; the dyadic relation R is identified with the set of actual and possible pairs of things that are related by R; and so on . 1 Egan has argued that the fact that some properties have some of their properties contingently leads to trouble: " Let @ be the actual world, in which being green is [someone's] favourite property, and let w be (...)
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  8.  7
    Function Order and Paired-Associate Learning.Cameron R. Peterson, Z. J. Ulehla & Richard S. Lehman - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (2):119.
  9.  3
    Constant Order or Pairs in the Presentation and Testing of Paired Associates.Lance Carluccio & Robert G. Crowder - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (4):614.
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  10.  12
    A Novel Approach to Face Verification Based on Second-Order Face-Pair Representation.Qiang Hua, Chunru Dong & Feng Zhang - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-10.
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  11.  14
    Constant Versus Varied Serial Order in Paired-Associate Learning: The Effect of Formal Intralist Similarity.Eugene D. Rubin & Sam C. Brown - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (2):257.
  12.  61
    Capturing Qualia: Higher-Order Concepts and Connectionism.Bryon Cunningham - 2001 - Philosophical Psychology 14 (1):29-41.
    Antireductionist philosophers have argued for higher-order classifications of qualia that locate consciousness outside the scope of conventional scientific explanations, viz., by classifying qualia as intrinsic, basic, or subjective properties, antireductionists distinguish qualia from extrinsic, complex, and objective properties, and thereby distinguish conscious mental states from the possible explananda of functionalist or physicalist explanations. I argue that, in important respects, qualia are intrinsic, basic, and subjective properties of conscious mental states, and that, contrary to antireductionists' suggestions, these higher-order classifications are compatible (...)
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  13.  16
    Experiment as a Second-Order Concept.Yehuda Elkana - 1988 - Science in Context 2 (1):177-196.
  14.  7
    A Reply to Ross on Orders in Paired Comparisons.R. J. Wherry - 1939 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (4):425-429.
  15.  13
    Number as a Second-Order Concept.Peter Damerow - 1996 - Science in Context 9 (2):139-149.
  16.  49
    Pairs, Sets and Sequences in First-Order Theories.Albert Visser - 2008 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 47 (4):299-326.
    In this paper we study the idea of theories with containers, like sets, pairs, sequences. We provide a modest framework to study such theories. We prove two concrete results. First, we show that first-order theories of finite signature that have functional non-surjective ordered pairing are definitionally equivalent to extensions in the same language of the basic theory of non-surjective ordered pairing. Second, we show that a first-order theory of finite signature is sequential (is a theory of sequences) iff (...)
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  17.  77
    Reconsidering Ordered Pairs.Dana Scott & Dominic McCarty - 2008 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 14 (3):379-397.
    The well known Wiener-Kuratowski explicit definition of the ordered pair, which sets ⟨x, y⟩ = {{x}, {x, y}}, works well in many set theories but fails for those with classes which cannot be members of singletons. With the aid of the Axiom of Foundation, we propose a recursive definition of ordered pair which addresses this shortcoming and also naturally generalizes to ordered tuples of greater lenght. There are many advantages to the new definition, for it (...)
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  18.  10
    Dimensional Order Property and Pairs of Models.Elisabeth Bouscaren - 1989 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 41 (3):205-231.
  19.  64
    On Ordered Pairs.W. V. Quine - 1945 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 10 (3):95-96.
  20. Phenomenal Concepts and Higher-Order Experiences.Peter Carruthers - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (2):316-336.
    Relying on a range of now-familiar thought-experiments, it has seemed to many philosophers that phenomenal consciousness is beyond the scope of reductive explanation. (Phenomenal consciousness is a form of state-consciousness, which contrasts with creature-consciousness, or perceptual-consciousness. The different forms of state-consciousness include various kinds of access-consciousness, both first-order and higher-order--see Rosenthal, 1986; Block, 1995; Lycan, 1996; Carruthers, 2000. Phenomenal consciousness is the property that mental states have when it is like something to possess them, or when they have subjectively-accessible feels; (...)
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  21. The Consciousness Paradox: Consciousness, Concepts, and Higher-Order Thoughts.Rocco J. Gennaro - 2012 - MIT Press.
    Consciousness is arguably the most important area within contemporary philosophy of mind and perhaps the most puzzling aspect of the world. Despite an explosion of research from philosophers, psychologists, and scientists, attempts to explain consciousness in neurophysiological, or even cognitive, terms are often met with great resistance. In The Consciousness Paradox, Rocco Gennaro aims to solve an underlying paradox, namely, how it is possible to hold a number of seemingly inconsistent views, including higher-order thought (HOT) theory, conceptualism, infant and animal (...)
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  22. Lovely Pairs of Models: The Non First Order Case.Itaï Ben Yaacov - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (3):641-662.
    We prove that for every simple theory $T$ (or even simple thick compact abstract theory) there is a (unique) compact abstract theory $T^fP$ whose saturated models are the lovely pairs of $T$. Independence-theoretic results that were proved in [Ben Yaacov, Pillay, Vassiliev - Lovely pairs of models] when $T^fP$ is a first order theory are proved for the general case: in particular $T^fP$ is simple and we characterise independence.
     
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  23.  4
    Ordered Pair Semantics and Negation in LP.Matthew Clemens - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Logic 17 (5):201-205.
    In this note, I present a modified semantic framework for the multi-valued paraconsistent logic LP, which allows for a straightforward preservation of a significant classical intuition about negation, namely that the negation operator reverses truth-value.
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  24.  12
    Dimensions, Matroids, and Dense Pairs of First-Order Structures.Antongiulio Fornasiero - 2011 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 162 (7):514-543.
    A structure M is pregeometric if the algebraic closure is a pregeometry in all structures elementarily equivalent to M. We define a generalisation: structures with an existential matroid. The main examples are superstable groups of Lascar U-rank a power of ω and d-minimal expansion of fields. Ultraproducts of pregeometric structures expanding an integral domain, while not pregeometric in general, do have a unique existential matroid. Generalising previous results by van den Dries, we define dense elementary pairs of structures expanding an (...)
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  25.  31
    First Order Theories of Individual Concepts and Propositions.John McCarthy - 1979
    We discuss first order theories in which individual concepts are admitted as mathematical objects along with the things that reify them. This allows very straightforward formalizations of knowledge, belief, wanting, and necessity in ordinary first order logic without modal operators. Applications are given in philosophy and in artificial intelligence. We do not treat general concepts, and we do not present any full axiomatizations but rather show how various facts can be expressed.
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  26.  3
    Phenomenal Concepts and Higher-Order Experiences.Peter Carruthers - 2004 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (2):316-336.
    Relying on a range of now-familiar thought-experiments, it has seemed to many philosophers that phenomenal consciousness is beyond the scope of reductive explanation..) Others have thought that we can undermine the credibility of those thought-experiments by allowing that we possess purely recognitional concepts for the properties of our conscious mental states. This paper is concerned to explain, and then to meet, the challenge of showing how purely recognitional concepts are possible if there are no such things as qualia---in the strong (...)
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  27.  15
    Orders for the Presentation of Pairs in the Method of Paired Comparisons.R. J. Wherry - 1938 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 23 (6):651.
  28. A Higher-Order Solution to the Problem of the Concept Horse.Nicholas Jones - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
    This paper uses the resources of higher-order logic to articulate a Fregean conception of predicate reference, and of word-world relations more generally, that is immune to the concept horse problem. The paper then addresses a prominent style of expressibility problem for views of broadly this kind, versions of which are due to Linnebo, Hale, and Wright.
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  29. Ordered Pairs and Cardinality in New Foundations.John Lake - 1974 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 15 (3):481-484.
  30.  62
    Set—Theoretical Representations of Ordered Pairs and Their Adequacy for the Logic of Relations.Randall R. Dipert - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):353 - 374.
    One of the most significant discoveries of early twentieth century mathematical logic was a workable definition of ‘ordered pair’ totally within set theory. Norbert Wiener, and independently Casimir Kuratowski, are usually credited with this discovery. A definition of ‘ordered pair’ held the key to the precise formulation of the notions of ‘relation’ and ‘function’ — both of which are probably indispensable for an understanding of the foundations of mathematics. The set-theoretic definition of ‘ordered pair (...)
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  31.  16
    Concept Lattices and Order in Fuzzy Logic.Radim Bĕlohlávek - 2004 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 128 (1-3):277-298.
    The theory of concept lattices is approached from the point of view of fuzzy logic. The notions of partial order, lattice order, and formal concept are generalized for fuzzy setting. Presented is a theorem characterizing the hierarchical structure of formal fuzzy concepts arising in a given formal fuzzy context. Also, as an application of the present approach, Dedekind–MacNeille completion of a partial fuzzy order is described. The approach and results provide foundations for formal concept analysis of vague (...)
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  32.  8
    The Ordered Pair in Number Theory.J. Barkley Rosser & W. V. Quine - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (4):289.
  33.  53
    Causal Concepts and Temporal Ordering.Reuben Stern - 2019 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 27):6505-6527.
    Though common sense says that causes must temporally precede their effects, the hugely influential interventionist account of causation makes no reference to temporal precedence. Does common sense lead us astray? In this paper, I evaluate the power of the commonsense assumption from within the interventionist approach to causal modeling. I first argue that if causes temporally precede their effects, then one need not consider the outcomes of interventions in order to infer causal relevance, and that one can instead use temporal (...)
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  34.  7
    Serial-Position Effect of Ordered Stimulus Dimensions in Paired-Associate Learning.Sheldon M. Ebenholtz - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (1):132.
  35.  7
    Decision Times for Alphabetic Order of Letter Pairs.Eugene A. Lovelace & Robert D. Snodgrass - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (2):258.
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  36.  15
    Effects of Word Order and Imagery on Learning Verbs and Adverbs as Paired Associates.James L. Pate, Patricia Ward & Katherine B. Harlan - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (4):792.
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  37.  19
    Discussion: Optimal Orders in the Method of Paired Comparisons.R. T. Ross - 1939 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (4):414.
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  38. Numbers as Ordered Pairs.John-Michael Kuczynski - 2018
    According to Frege, n=Kn, where n is any cardinal number and Kn is the class of all n-tuples. According to Von Neumann, n=Kpn, where Kpn is the class of all of n's predecessors. These analyses are prima facie incompatible with each other, given that Kn≠Kpn, for n>0. In the present paper it is shown that these analyses are in fact compatible with each other, for the reason that each analysis can and ultimately must be interpreted as being to the effect (...)
     
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  39.  12
    The Concept of Higher Order Operant: A Preliminary Analysis.Paul T. P. Wong - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (1):43-44.
  40.  10
    A Linear Relationship Between Paired Comparisons and Rank Order.Robert T. Ross - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (6):352.
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  41.  18
    A Realistic Conception of Politics: Conflict, Order and Political Realism.Carlo Burelli - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-23.
    In this paper I unpack a realistic conception of politics by tightly defining its constitutive features: conflict and order. A conflict emerges when an actor is disposed to impose his/her views against the resistance of others. Conflicts are more problematic than moralists realize because they emerge unilaterally, are potentially violent, impermeable to content-based reason, and unavoidable. Order is then defined as an institutional framework that provides binding collective decisions. Order is deemed necessary because individuals need to cooperate to survive, but (...)
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  42.  45
    Learning Concepts by Arranging Appropriate Training Order.Yao-Tung Hsu, Tzung-Pei Hong & Shian-Shyong Tseng - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (3):399-415.
    Machine learning has been proven useful for solving the bottlenecks in building expert systems. Noise in the training instances will, however, confuse a learning mechanism. Two main steps are adopted here to solve this problem. The first step is to appropriately arrange the training order of the instances. It is well known from Psychology that different orders of presentation of the same set of training instances to a human may cause different learning results. This idea is used here for machine (...)
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  43. The Concept of Order in Plato's Philosophy.James V. Robinson - 1987 - Dissertation, University of Waterloo (Canada)
    For Plato order was a normative concept and a metaconcept with regard to the soul, the city-state, the universe and the Forms. In this thesis I use Plato's conception of order as a perspective from which to study these four things. By so doing, I not only establish the role of order in Plato's thought, but present certain aspects of his thought in a new light and solve some old problems in a new way.
     
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  44.  10
    Transition Probability, Word Order, and Noun Abstractness in the Learning of Adjective-Noun Paired Associates.Igor Kusyszyn & Allan Paivio - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (6):800.
  45. The Order There is and the Order We Make: An Investigation Into the Concept of Causation.Bengt Molander - 1982 - Dept. Of Philosophy, University of Uppsala, Sweden.
  46.  36
    On Concept and Order of Values, Norms and Virtues.Gerd Gerhardt - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 37:57-66.
    Based on the well known change of values during the last 30 years and the alleged necessity of values education the concept of value will be distinguished from the concepts of norm and virtue. Then a list of values, norms and virtues is presented - tabulated according several spheres of life - an overview which, in return,provokes one to think about what is the most fundamental and essential in this order.
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  47.  52
    The Right Order of Concepts: Graßmann, Peano, Gödel and the Inheritance of Leibniz's Universal Characteristic.Paola Cantù - 2014 - Philosophia Scientiae 18 (1):157-182.
    L'article aborde la question suivante : est-ce que le bon ordre des concepts peut être considéré un élément essentiel de rigueur scientifique dans la logique et les mathématiques de xixe et xxe siècle, en particulier quand il s'agit d'auteurs qui ont été influencés profondément par le projet leibnizien de la caractéristique? L'article prend en considération trois exemples : Hermann Graßmann, Giuseppe Peano et Kurt Gödel. Selon notre thèse, le choix des concepts primitifs dans les théories hypothético-déductives n'était pas seule­ment une (...)
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  48.  73
    Frege's Theory of Concepts and Objects and the Interpretation of Second-Order Logic.William Demopoulus & William Bell - 1993 - Philosophia Mathematica 1 (2):139-156.
    This paper casts doubt on a recent criticism of Frege's theory of concepts and extensions by showing that it misses one of Frege's most important contributions: the derivation of the infinity of the natural numbers. We show how this result may be incorporated into the conceptual structure of Zermelo- Fraenkel Set Theory. The paper clarifies the bearing of the development of the notion of a real-valued function on Frege's theory of concepts; it concludes with a brief discussion of the claim (...)
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  49. Moral Order and Progress an Analysis of Ethical Conceptions.Samuel Alexander - 1889 - K. Paul, Trench, Trübner, & Co..
  50. Quine W. V.. On Ordered Pairs.A. R. Turquette - 1946 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 11 (3):86-86.
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