Results for 'moral responsibility'

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  1.  24
    The Pivotal Generation: Why We Have a Moral Responsibility to Slow Climate Change Right Now.Henry Shue - 2021 - Princeton University Press.
    An eminent philosopher explains why we owe it to future generations to take immediate action on global warming Climate change is the supreme challenge of our time. Yet despite growing international recognition of the unfolding catastrophe, global carbon emissions continue to rise, hitting an all-time high in 2019. Unless humanity rapidly transitions to renewable energy, it may be too late to stop irreversible ecological damage. In The Pivotal Generation, renowned political philosopher Henry Shue makes an impassioned case for taking immediate, (...)
  2.  80
    Moral Entanglement: Taking Responsibility and Vicarious Responsibility.Trystan S. Goetze - 2021 - The Monist 104 (2):210-223.
    Vicarious responsibility is sometimes analysed by considering the different kinds of agents involved—who is vicariously responsible for the actions of whom? In this paper, I discuss vicarious responsibility from a different angle: in what sense is the vicarious agent responsible? I do this by considering the ways in which one may take responsibility for events caused by another agent or process. I discuss three senses of taking responsibility—accepting fault, assuming obligations, and fulfilling obligations—and the forms of (...)
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  3. Recent work on free will and moral responsibility.Neil Levy & Michael McKenna - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (1):96-133.
    In this article we survey six recent developments in the philosophical literature on free will and moral responsibility: (1) Harry Frankfurt's argument that moral responsibility does not require the freedom to do otherwise; (2) the heightened focus upon the source of free actions; (3) the debate over whether moral responsibility is an essentially historical concept; (4) recent compatibilist attempts to resurrect the thesis that moral responsibility requires the freedom to do otherwise; (5) (...)
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  4. Persistent bias in expert judgments about free will and moral responsibility: A test of the Expertise Defense.Eric Schulz, Edward T. Cokely & Adam Feltz - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1722-1731.
    Many philosophers appeal to intuitions to support some philosophical views. However, there is reason to be concerned about this practice as scientific evidence has documented systematic bias in philosophically relevant intuitions as a function of seemingly irrelevant features (e.g., personality). One popular defense used to insulate philosophers from these concerns holds that philosophical expertise eliminates the influence of these extraneous factors. Here, we test this assumption. We present data suggesting that verifiable philosophical expertise in the free will debate-as measured by (...)
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  5. For Whom Does Determinism Undermine Moral Responsibility? Surveying the Conditions for Free Will Across Cultures.Ivar R. Hannikainen, Edouard Machery, David Rose, Stephen Stich, Christopher Y. Olivola, Paulo Sousa, Florian Cova, Emma E. Buchtel, Mario Alai, Adriano Angelucci, Renatas Berniûnas, Amita Chatterjee, Hyundeuk Cheon, In-Rae Cho, Daniel Cohnitz, Vilius Dranseika, Ángeles Eraña Lagos, Laleh Ghadakpour, Maurice Grinberg, Takaaki Hashimoto, Amir Horowitz, Evgeniya Hristova, Yasmina Jraissati, Veselina Kadreva, Kaori Karasawa, Hackjin Kim, Yeonjeong Kim, Minwoo Lee, Carlos Mauro, Masaharu Mizumoto, Sebastiano Moruzzi, Jorge Ornelas, Barbara Osimani, Carlos Romero, Alejandro Rosas López, Massimo Sangoi, Andrea Sereni, Sarah Songhorian, Noel Struchiner, Vera Tripodi, Naoki Usui, Alejandro Vázquez del Mercado, Hrag A. Vosgerichian, Xueyi Zhang & Jing Zhu - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Philosophers have long debated whether, if determinism is true, we should hold people morally responsible for their actions since in a deterministic universe, people are arguably not the ultimate source of their actions nor could they have done otherwise if initial conditions and the laws of nature are held fixed. To reveal how non-philosophers ordinarily reason about the conditions for free will, we conducted a cross-cultural and cross-linguistic survey (N = 5,268) spanning twenty countries and sixteen languages. Overall, participants tended (...)
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  6. Who’s Responsible for This? Moral Responsibility, Externalism, and Knowledge about Implicit Bias.Natalia Washington & Daniel Kelly - 2016 - In Michael Brownstein & Jennifer Saul (eds.), Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 2: Moral Responsibility, Structural Injustice, and Ethics. Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    In this paper we aim to think systematically about, formulate, and begin addressing some of the challenges to applying theories of moral responsibility to behaviors shaped by a particular subset of unsettling psychological complexities: namely, implicit biases.
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  7.  55
    Responsibility and Control: A Theory of Moral Responsibility.John Martin Fischer - 1998 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 61 (2):459-466.
  8.  20
    Identification, situational constraint, and social cognition: Studies in the attribution of moral responsibility.Robert L. Woolfolk, John M. Doris & John M. Darley - 2006 - Cognition 100 (2):283-301.
  9. Who's to blame? Collective moral responsibility and its implications for group members.Margaret Gilbert - 2006 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 30 (1):94–114.
  10. Identification, situational constraint, and social cognition: Studies in the attribution of moral responsibility.Robert L. Woolfolk, John M. Doris & John M. Darley - 2006 - Cognition 100 (2):283-301.
  11.  38
    Building Better Beings: A Theory of Moral Responsibility.N. Levy - 2014 - Philosophical Quarterly 64 (257):661-664.
  12.  66
    On genies and bottles: Scientists' moral responsibility and dangerous technology r&d.David Koepsell - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):119-133.
    The age-old maxim of scientists whose work has resulted in deadly or dangerous technologies is: scientists are not to blame, but rather technologists and politicians must be morally culpable for the uses of science. As new technologies threaten not just populations but species and biospheres, scientists should reassess their moral culpability when researching fields whose impact may be catastrophic. Looking at real-world examples such as smallpox research and the Australian “mousepox trick”, and considering fictional or future technologies like Kurt (...)
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  13.  46
    Branching Is Not a Bug; It’s a Feature: Personal Identity and Legal (and Moral) Responsibility.Mark Walker - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (2):173-190.
    Prospective developments in computer and nanotechnology suggest that there is some possibility—perhaps as early as this century—that we will have the technological means to attempt to duplicate people. For example, it has been speculated that the psychology of individuals might be emulated on a computer platform to create a personality duplicate—an “upload.” Physical duplicates might be created by advanced nanobots tasked with creating molecule-for-molecule copies of individuals. Such possibilities are discussed in the philosophical literature as (putative) cases of “fission”: one (...)
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  14. Fischer on epistemic and freedom requirements for moral responsibility.Alfred R. Mele - 2023 - In Taylor W. Cyr, Andrew Law & Neal A. Tognazzini (eds.), Freedom, Responsibility, and Value: Essays in Honor of John Martin Fischer. New York: Routledge.
     
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  15.  80
    Being White, Being Good: White Complicity, White Moral Responsibility, and Social Justice Pedagogy.Barbara Applebaum - 2010 - Lexington Books.
    The book highlights how well-intentioned white people who might even consider themselves as paragons of antiracism might be unwittingly sustaining an unjust system that they say they want to dismantle.
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  16. Moral Responsibility and Alternative Possibilities: Essays on the Importance of Alternative Possibilities.David Widerker & Michael McKenna (eds.) - 2003 - Ashgate.
    This book explores an important issue within the free will debate: the relation between free will and moral responsibility.
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  17.  82
    Van Inwagen on the "obviousness" of libertarian moral responsibility.Saul Smilansky - 1990 - Analysis 50 (1):29-33.
  18. Power, social inequities, and the conversational theory of moral responsibility.Michael McKenna - 2018 - In Marina Oshana, Katrina Hutchison & Catriona Mackenzie (eds.), Social Dimensions of Moral Responsibility. New York: Oup Usa.
     
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  19. Agency as difference-making: causal foundations of moral responsibility.Johannes Himmelreich - 2015 - Dissertation, London School of Economics and Political Science
    We are responsible for some things but not for others. In this thesis, I investigate what it takes for an entity to be responsible for something. This question has two components: agents and actions. I argue for a permissive view about agents. Entities such as groups or artificially intelligent systems may be agents in the sense required for responsibility. With respect to actions, I argue for a causal view. The relation in virtue of which agents are responsible for actions (...)
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  20.  69
    Rational Responsibility for Preferences and Moral Responsibility for Character Traits.Donald W. Bruckner - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32:191-209.
    A theory of rationality evaluates actions and actors as rational or irrational. Assessing preferences themselves as rational or irrational is contrary to the orthodox view of rational choice. The orthodox view takes preferences as given, holding them beyond reproach, and assesses actions as rational or irrational depending on whether the actions tend to serve as effective means to the satisfaction of the given preferences. Against this view, this paper argues that preferences themselvesare indeed proper objects of rational evaluation. This evaluation (...)
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  21. Answerability : a condition of autonomy or moral responsibility (or both)?Natalie Stoljar - 2018 - In Marina Oshana, Katrina Hutchison & Catriona Mackenzie (eds.), Social Dimensions of Moral Responsibility. New York: Oup Usa.
     
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  22.  34
    Essays on free will and moral responsibility.Nick Trakakis & Daniel Cohen (eds.) - 2008 - Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Press.
    The problem of free will has fascinated philosophers since ancient times: Do we have free will, or at least the kind of free will that seems necessary for moral responsibility? Does determinism - the idea that everything that happens is necessitated to happen, given the past and the laws of nature - threaten the commonly held assumption that we are indeed free and morally responsible? Although these questions have been widely discussed in the past, the present volume offers (...)
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  23.  32
    Ecumenical Attributability and the Structural Ownership Condition on Moral Responsibility.Cody Harris - 2024 - Southwest Philosophy Review 40 (1):79-86.
    This paper discusses the non-historicist structural ownership condition on moral responsibility forwarded by Benjamin Matheson. The structural ownership condition requires that a morally relevant action be grounded or partly grounded in psychological states that are generally coherent. While Matheson does not mean to settle the debate on historicism vs. non-historicism, he does mean to secure the position of the ownership condition against the problems that structuralist theories have faced in the past. This paper will focus on how the (...)
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  24. Climate Change and the Challenge of Moral Responsibility.Steve Vanderheiden - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (9999):85-92.
    The phenomenon of anthropogenic climate change—in which weather patterns and attendant ecological disruption result from increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere through human activities—challenges several conventional assumptions regarding moral responsibility. Multifarious individual acts and choices contribute (often imperceptibly) to the causal chain that is expected to produce profound and lasting harm unless significant mitigation efforts begin soon. Attributing responsibility for such harmful consequences is complicated by what Derek Parfit terms “mistakes in moral mathematics,” (...)
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  25. Understanding Moral Responsibility in Automated Decision-Making: Responsibility Gaps and Strategies to Address Them.Andrea Berber & Jelena Mijić - forthcoming - Theoria: Beograd.
    This paper delves into the use of machine learning-based systems in decision-making processes and its implications for moral responsibility as traditionally defined. It focuses on the emergence of responsibility gaps and examines proposed strategies to address them. The paper aims to provide an introductory and comprehensive overview of the ongoing debate surrounding moral responsibility in automated decision-making. By thoroughly examining these issues, we seek to contribute to a deeper understanding of the implications of AI integration (...)
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  26.  20
    Javier Echeñique , Aristotle's Ethics and Moral Responsibility . Reviewed by.Travis J. Rodgers - 2013 - Philosophy in Review 33 (6):449-451.
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  27.  43
    A new look at the attribution of moral responsibility: The underestimated relevance of social roles.Pascale Https://Orcidorg Willemsen, Albert Newen & Kai Kaspar - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (4):595-608.
    What are the main features that influence our attribution of moral responsibility? It is widely accepted that there are various factors which strongly influence our moral judgments, such as the agent’s intentions, the consequences of the action, the causal involvement of the agent, and the agent’s freedom and ability to do otherwise. In this paper, we argue that this picture is incomplete: We argue that social roles are an additional key factor that is radically underestimated in the (...)
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  28. Between intuition and empiricism : William Benjamin Carpenter on man, mind, and moral responsibility.Piers J. Hale - 2019 - In Catherine Marshall, Bernard V. Lightman & Richard England (eds.), The Metaphysical Society (1869-1880): intellectual life in mid-Victorian England. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
     
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  29. John Martin Fischer, My Way: Essays on Moral Responsibility.Zoltan Wagner - 2007 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 20:295-299.
     
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  30.  44
    A Response to Coren’s Objections to the Principle of Alternate Possibilities as Sufficient but not Necessary for Moral Responsibility.Garry Young - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (3):1365-1380.
    In this paper I respond to Coren’s argument against my 2016 paper in which I present a case for the principle of alternate possibilities as sufficient but not necessary for the ascription of moral responsibility ). I concede that Coren has identified aspects of my original position that are vulnerable to counter-examples. Nevertheless, through a simple amendment to my original argument I am able to respond to these counter-examples without undermining the foundations on which my 2016 paper was (...)
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  31.  36
    Haters and egoists: Quality of will and degrees of moral responsibility.Martin Montminy - 2023 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 61 (3):491-505.
    I argue that a capacity‐based account of blameworthiness and praiseworthiness is superior to an account based on quality of will. I focus on four types of cases about which the two accounts disagree and show that the capacity‐based view offers a better treatment. As part of my argument, I motivate the distinction between an assessment of a person's moral character, as reflected by her action, and an assessment of her blameworthiness or praiseworthiness for that action.
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  32.  77
    From Brute Luck to Option Luck? On Genetics, Justice, and Moral Responsibility in Reproduction.Y. Denier - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (2):101-129.
    The structure of our ethical experience depends, crucially, on a fundamental distinction between what we are responsible for doing or deciding and what is given to us. As such, the boundary between chance and choice is the spine of our conventional morality, and any serious shift in that boundary is thoroughly dislocating. Against this background, I analyze the way in which techniques of prenatal genetic diagnosis (PGD) pose such a fundamental challenge to our conventional ideas of justice and moral (...)
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  33.  82
    Moral Responsibility.Matthew Talbert - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This is the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on moral responsibility.
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  34. Conflicts of world-view in the question of scientists personal moral responsibility.W. Bradter - 1984 - Filosoficky Casopis 32 (3):300-303.
     
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  35. Susan Suave Meyer, Aristotle on Moral Responsibility.C. Young - 1996 - Philosophical Investigations 19:372-377.
     
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  36.  42
    The almost invisible ghost in the moral responsibility machine.Bruce N. Waller - 2004 - Journal of Philosophical Research 29 (February):255-266.
  37.  43
    Self-deception, human emotion, and moral responsibility: Toward a pluralistic conceptual scheme.William Whisner - 1989 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (4):389–410.
  38. The Doctrine of Mens Rea: A Study in Legal and Moral Responsibility.James B. Brady - 1970 - Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin
     
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  39.  14
    Accepting Moral Luck and Taking Responsibility in Public Health Crises.Daniel Tigard - 2023 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 32 (1):34-40.
    We see cases of moral luck arising in recent times, as we face the uncertainties of provisional rules for navigating the coronavirus pandemic. How should we respond to rule-breakers, and how should they view themselves, when they cause harm inadvertently? Although some argue that guilt is unnecessary for any harm that may result from luck, this paper takes moral luck seriously and encourages consideration of the benefits to be achieved by expressions of self-blame amidst troubling circumstances, from pure (...)
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  40.  32
    Rational Responsibility for Preferences and Moral Responsibility for Character Traits.Donald W. Bruckner - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32:191-209.
    A theory of rationality evaluates actions and actors as rational or irrational. Assessing preferences themselves as rational or irrational is contrary to the orthodox view of rational choice. The orthodox view takes preferences as given, holding them beyond reproach, and assesses actions as rational or irrational depending on whether the actions tend to serve as effective means to the satisfaction of the given preferences. Against this view, this paper argues that preferences themselvesare indeed proper objects of rational evaluation. This evaluation (...)
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  41. Chrysippean compatibilistic theory of fate, what is up to us, and moral responsibility.Laura Liliana Gómez - 2014 - In P. Destrée (ed.), What is Up to Us? Studies on Agency and Responsibility in ancient Philosophy. Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag.
     
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  42. Epictetus and the causal conception of moral responsibility and what is eph'hêmin.Ricardo Salles - 2014 - In P. Destrée (ed.), What is Up to Us? Studies on Agency and Responsibility in ancient Philosophy. Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag.
  43. A paradox in compatibilist accounts of free will and moral responsibility.Carlos Moya Espí - 1995 - Critica 27 (80):119-128.
     
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  44.  51
    In reply to professor Stephan körner, on science and moral responsibility.R. Harré - 1967 - Mind 76 (302):278-281.
  45.  16
    Lucky Assassins: On Luck and Moral Responsibility.William Simkulet - 2014 - Lyceum 13 (1).
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  46. John Martin Fischer and Mark Ravizza, Responsibility and Control: a Theory of Moral Responsibility Reviewed by.Arthur Ripstein - 1998 - Philosophy in Review 18 (6):416-418.
     
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  47.  24
    Tappan vs. Edwards on the Freedom Necessary for Moral Responsibility.Todd L. Adams - 2004 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 40 (2):319 - 333.
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  48. No borders, no bystanders: Developing individual and institutional capacities for global moral responsibility.Neta C. Crawford - 2009 - In Charles R. Beitz & Robert E. Goodin (eds.), Global Basic Rights. Oxford University Press. pp. 131--156.
     
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  49.  36
    On the Compatibilist Origination of Moral Responsibility.Stefaan E. Cuypers - 2012 - Philosophica 85 (2):11-33.
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  50.  23
    Puppetmasters and Personality Disorders: Wittgenstein, Mechanism, and Moral Responsibility.Carl Elliott - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (2):91-100.
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