Results for 'moral pluralism'

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  1.  1
    Humean Moral Pluralism.Michael B. Gill - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Michael B. Gill offers a new account of Humean moral pluralism: the view that there are different moral reasons for action, which are based on human sentiments. He explores its historical origins, and argues that it offers the most compelling view of our moral experience. Together, pluralism and Humeanism make a philosophically powerful couple.
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  2.  1
    Legislating Morality: Pluralism and Religious Identity in Lawmaking.Lucinda Peach - 2002 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The debate over religious lawmaking pits respect for religious pluralism against moral identity. Peach contends that both sides of the argument are fundamentally flawed and that neither has addressed the gender-based disparities of religious lawmaking. The book offers a pragmatic solution which will respect religious pluralism, moral identity, and gender differences.
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  3.  53
    Confronting Moral Pluralism in Posttraditional Western Societies: Bioethics Critically Reassessed.H. T. Engelhardt - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (3):243-260.
    In the face of the moral pluralism that results from the death of God and the abandonment of a God's eye perspective in secular philosophy, bioethics arose in a context that renders it essentially incapable of giving answers to substantive moral questions, such as concerning the permissibility of abortion, human embryonic stem cell research, euthanasia, etc. Indeed, it is only when bioethics understands its own limitations and those of secular moral philosophy in general can it better (...)
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  4.  12
    Justificatory Moral Pluralism: A Novel Form of Environmental Pragmatism.Andre Santos Campos & Sofia Guedes Vaz - 2021 - Environmental Values 30 (6):737-758.
    Moral reasoning typically informs environmental decision-making by measuring the possible outcomes of policies or actions in light of a preferred ethical theory. This method is subject to many problems. Environmental pragmatism tries to overcome them, but it suffers also from some pitfalls. This paper proposes a new method of environmental pragmatism that avoids the problems of both the traditional method of environmental moral reasoning and of the general versions of environmental pragmatism. We call it 'justificatory moral (...)' - it develops the intuition that normative ethical theories need not be mutually exclusive. This leaves room for important forms of pluralist environmental ethics that do not require a once-and-for-all prior commitment to an ethical theory when deciding about policies or courses of action related to the protection of the environment. Justificatory moral pluralism offers a viable solution to the recurrent conflicts between efficient environmental decisions and the need for moral reasoning. (shrink)
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  5.  21
    Moral Pluralism and the Environment.Andrew Brennan - 1992 - Environmental Values 1 (1):15 - 33.
    Cost-benefit analysis makes the assumption that everything from consumer goods to endangered species may in principle be given a value by which its worth can be compared with that of anything else, even though the actual measurement of such value may be difficult in practice. The assumption is shown to fail, even in simple cases, and the analysis to be incapable of taking into account the transformative value of new experiences. Several kinds of value are identified, by no means all (...)
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  6. Humean Moral Pluralism.Michael B. Gill - 2011 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 28 (1):45.
    Michael B. Gill offers a new account of Humean moral pluralism: the view that there are different moral reasons for action, which are based on human sentiments. He explores its historical origins, and argues that it offers the most compelling view of our moral experience. Together, pluralism and Humeanism make a philosophically powerful couple.
     
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  7.  46
    A Moral Pluralist Perspective on Corporate Social Responsibility: From Good to Controversial Practices. [REVIEW]Marian Eabrasu - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 110 (4):429-439.
    This study starts from the observation that there are relatively few controversial issues in corporate social responsibility (CSR). Given its strong normative background, CSR is rather an atypical discipline, especially in comparison with moral philosophy or applied ethics. Exploring the mainstream CSR agenda, this situation was echoed by widespread consensus on what was considered to be "good practice": reducing pollution, shutting down sweatshops, discouraging tax evasion, and so on. However, interpretation of these issues through the lens of moral (...)
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  8.  91
    Moral Pluralism, the Crisis of Secular Bioethics, and the Divisive Character of Christian Bioethics: Taking the Culture Wars Seriously.H. T. Engelhardt - 2009 - Christian Bioethics 15 (3):234-253.
    Moral pluralism is a reality. It is grounded, in part, in the intractable pluralism of secular morality and bioethics. There is a wide gulf that separates secular bioethics from Christian bioethics. Christian bioethics, unlike secular bioethics, understand that morality is about coming into a relationship with God. Orthodox Christian bioethics, moreover, understands that the impersonal set of moral principles and goals in secular morality gives a distorted account of the moral life. Therefore, Traditional Christian bioethics (...)
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  9.  41
    Moral Pluralism and Sex Education.Josh Corngold - 2013 - Educational Theory 63 (5):461-482.
    How should common schools in a liberal pluralist society approach sex education in the face of deep disagreement about sexual morality? Should they eschew sex education altogether? Should they narrow its focus to facts about biology, reproduction, and disease prevention? Should they, in addition to providing a broad palette of information about sex, attempt to cover a range of alternative views about sexual morality in a “value-neutral” manner? Should they seek to impart a “thick” conception of sexual morality, which precisely (...)
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  10.  77
    Moral Pluralism and the Course of Environmental Ethics.Christopher D. Stone - 1988 - Environmental Ethics 10 (2):139-154.
    Environmental ethics has reached a certain level of maturity; further significant advances require reexamining its status within the larger realm of moral philosophy. It could aim to extend to nonhumans one of the familiar sets of principles subject to appropriate modifications; or it could seek to break away and put forward its own paradigm or paradigms. Selecting the proper course requires as the most immediate mission exploring the formal requirements of an ethical system. In general, are there constraints against (...)
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  11.  15
    Moral Pluralism and Christian Bioethics: On H.T. Engelhardt Jr.'S After God.Luca Savarino - 2017 - Christian Bioethics 23 (2):169-182.
    This article retraces progression of Engelhardt’s work so as to place After God in broader context. In The Foundations of Bioethics, Engelhardt argues that given the moral pluralism that is at the core of postmodernity, only a merely formal morality of permission can bind moral strangers in peaceful coexistence. In The Foundations of Christian Bioethics, Engelhardt presents a bioethics that binds Orthodox Christian moral friends. After God shows itself more pessimistic about the possibility of a merely (...)
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  12. Moral Pluralism.Berys Gaut - 1993 - Philosophical Papers 22 (1):17-40.
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  13. Moral Pluralism and Legal Neutrality.Wojciech Sadurski - 1989 - Springer Verlag.
    lt is a commonplace that law and morality intersect and interpenetrate in all the areas of legal decision-making; that in order to make sense of constitutional, statutory or common-law questions, judges and other legal decision-makers must first resolve certain philosophical issues which include moral judgments of right and wrang_ This is particularly evident with regard to constitutional interpretation, especially when constitutions give a mandate for the protection of the substantive norms and values entrenched as constitutional rights. In these Situations, (...)
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  14. The Case Against Moral Pluralism.J. Baird Callicott - 1990 - Environmental Ethics 12 (2):99-124.
    Despite Christopher Stone’s recent argument on behalf of moral pluralism, the principal architects of environmental ethics remain committed to moral monism. Moral pluralism fails to specify what to do when two or more of its theories indicate inconsistent practical imperatives. More deeply, ethical theories are embedded in moral philosophies and moral pluralism requires us to shift between mutually inconsistent metaphysics of morals, most of which are no Ionger tenable in light of postmodern (...)
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  15.  37
    Constructing Community: Moral Pluralism and Tragic Conflicts.J. Donald Moon - 1993 - Princeton University Press.
    In developing a new theory of political and moral community, J. Donald Moon takes questions of cultural pluralism and difference more seriously than do many other liberal thinkers of our era: Moon is willing to confront the problem of how ...
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  16. Justifying Moral Pluralism.Berys Gaut - 2002 - In Philip Stratton-Lake (ed.), Ethical Intuitionism: Re-Evaluations. Clarendon Press.
     
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  17.  35
    Moral Pluralism and Philanthropy.David Sidorsky - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 4 (2):93.
    The idea of moral pluralism generates a dilemma for the practice of philanthropy. Characteristically, the practice of philanthropy assumes unity, coherence, or convergence among the diverse virtues and moral aims that it pursues. In the philanthropic tradition, it is recognized that the goals of a particular philanthropy will vary. Yet, if these are sincere expressions of the philanthropic will, each represents some portion of the manifold activity of “doing good” according to particularized choice or style. The relevant (...)
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  18.  43
    Moral Pluralism, Moral Motivation, and Democracy: A Critique of Talisse’s Epistemic Justification of Democracy.Paul Ott - 2011 - Contemporary Pragmatism 8 (2):145-162.
    In Democracy and Moral Conflict, Robert Talisse defends a folk epistemological justification of democracy. This is a universalist and non-moral justification that he deems necessary to accommodate moral pluralism. In contrast, I argue that this attempt fails to justify democracy, on three grounds. First, democracy cannot accommodate moral pluralism, as Talisse understands it. Second, Talisse's own conception of democracy is inconsistent with moral pluralism. And third, democracy requires moral justification and motivation, (...)
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  19. Moral Pluralism and Value Conflicts.Matthew Lawrence - 1999 - Dissertation, University of California, Irvine
    In recent years an increasing number of moral theorists have come to embrace the term "moral pluralism" to describe a particular kind of moral theory. Unfortunately, there has been little consensus regarding what exactly constitutes a pluralistic theory, and what specific commitments such theories involve. My dissertation takes on the task of articulating the underlying schema of pluralist moral theory, and of analyzing the plausibility and implications of pluralism's fundamental commitments. I argue that the (...)
     
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  20.  42
    Moral Pluralism, Skillful Means, and Environmental Ethics.William Edelglass - 2006 - Environmental Philosophy 3 (2):8-16.
    J. Baird Callicott claims that moral pluralism leads to relativism, skepticism, and the undermining of moral obligations. Buddhist ethics provides a counterexample to Callicott; it is a robust tradition of moral pluralism. Focusing on one of the most significant texts in Buddhist ethics, Śāntideva’s Bodhicaryāvatāra, I show how it draws on a multiplicity of moral principles determined by context and skillful means (upāya kauśalya). In contrast to Callicott’s description of pluralism as detrimental to (...)
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  21.  31
    States and Moral Pluralism.James W. Fossett, Alicia R. Ouellette, Sean Philpott, David Magnus & Glenn McGee - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (6):24.
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  22.  32
    Reproductive Tourism as Moral Pluralism in Motion.G. Pennings - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (6):337-341.
    Reproductive tourism is the travelling by candidate service recipients from one institution, jurisdiction, or country where treatment is not available to another institution, jurisdiction, or country where they can obtain the kind of medically assisted reproduction they desire. The more widespread this phenomenon, the louder the call for international measures to stop these movements. Three possible solutions are discussed: internal moral pluralism, coerced conformity, and international harmonisation. The position is defended that allowing reproductive tourism is a form of (...)
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  23. Moral Pluralism Without Moral Relativism.Alasdair MacIntyre - 1999 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 1:1-8.
    When we deny the truth of someone else’s moral beliefs and give our grounds for so doing, we make or imply judgments about the inadequacy of their reasons for belief and about the causes of their belief. And we presuppose a difference between them and us in both respects. In so doing we provide matter for a shared philosophical inquiry about the relevant types of reason and cause. It is a mark of rational disagreement on matters of serious (...) import that we who so disagree should be prepared to engage in this inquiry and to recognize its standards as binding on us unqualifiedly. This recognition commits us to a denial of moral relativism. Some of these best examples of rational disagreement are found in some, although only some, of the exchanges between medieval Islamic, Jewish and Christian philosophers. (shrink)
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  24. Moral Pluralism and Liberal Democracy : Isaiah Berlin's Heterodox Liberalism.William Galston - 2011 - In Catherine H. Zuckert (ed.), Political Philosophy in the Twentieth Century: Authors and Arguments. Cambridge University Press.
  25.  10
    Mapping Moral Pluralism in Behavioural Spillovers: A Cross-Disciplinary Account of the Multiple Ways in Which We Engage in Moral Valuing.Michael Vincent & Ann-Kathrin Koessler - 2020 - Environmental Values 29 (3):293-315.
    In this article, we reflect critically on how moral actions are categorised in some recent studies on moral spillovers. Based on classic concepts from moral philosophy, we present a framework to categorise moral actions. We argue that with a finer classification of moral values, associated behaviour is better understood, and this understanding helps to identify the conditions under which moral licensing takes place. We illustrate our argument with examples from the literature on pro-environmental behaviours. (...)
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  26.  74
    Moral Pluralism and the Use of Anencephalic Tissue and Organs.Mary Ann Gardell Cutter - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (1):89-95.
  27.  83
    Minimal, Moderate, and Extreme Moral Pluralism.Peter S. Wenz - 1993 - Environmental Ethics 15 (1):61-74.
    Concentrating on the views of Christopher Stone, who advocates moral pluralism, and J. Baird Callicott, who criticizes Stone’s views, I argue that the debate has been confused by a conflation of three different positions, here called minimal, moderate, and extreme moral pluralism. Minimal pluralism is uncontroversial because all known moral theories are minimally pluralistic. Extreme pluralism is defective in the ways that Callicott alleges and, moreover, is inconsistent with integrity in the moral (...)
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  28.  37
    Moral Pluralism Reconsidered: Is There an Intrinsic-Extrinsic Value Distintion?Ralph D. Ellis - 1992 - Philosophical Papers 21 (1):45-64.
  29.  86
    Rag-Bags, Disputes and Moral Pluralism.Berys Gaut - 1999 - Utilitas 11 (1):37.
    Moral pluralism of the kind associated with W. D. Ross is the doctrine that there is a plurality of moral principles, which in their application to particular cases can conflict, and that there is no further principle to determine which of these principles takes priority in cases of conflict. Two objections are commonly advanced against this kind of pluralism: that it proposes a rag-bag of moral principles lacking a unifying basis; and that it offers no (...)
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  30.  10
    Moral Pluralism and the Use of Anencephalic Tissue and Organs.M. A. Gardell Cutter - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (1):89-95.
  31.  20
    Moral Pluralism.Elizabeth Wolgast - 1990 - Journal of Social Philosophy 21 (2-3):108-116.
  32.  7
    1. Moral Pluralism and the Decision-Making Self.Sandra B. Rosenthal & Rogene A. Buchholz - 2000 - The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:3-18.
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  33.  1
    Rossian Moral Pluralism as a Framework for Business Ethics.Brian K. Burton, Michael Goldsby & Craig P. Dunn - 2004 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 15:34-42.
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  34.  4
    Moral Pluralism.Bradford Hooker - unknown
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  35.  4
    Moral Pluralism and the Debate Over Research on Embryonic TissueThe Human Embryo Research Debates: Bioethics in the Vortex of ControversyThe Human Embryonic Stem Cell Debate: Science, Ethics, and Public Policy.Andrew Lustig, Ronald M. Green, Suzanne Holland, Karen Lebacqz & Laurie Zoloth - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (5):41.
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  36.  58
    Haidt Et Al.'s Case for Moral Pluralism Revisited.Tanya De Villiers-Botha - 2020 - Philosophical Psychology 33 (2):244-261.
    Recent work in moral psychology that claims to show that human beings make moral judgements on the basis of multiple, divergent moral foundations has been influential in both moral psychology and moral philosophy. Primarily, such work has been taken to undermine monistic moral theories, especially those pertaining to the prevention of harm. Here, I call one of the most prominent and influential empirical cases for moral pluralism into question, namely that of Jonathan (...)
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  37. The Morality of Pluralism.John Kekes - 1996 - Princeton University Press.
    Controversies about abortion, the environment, pornography, AIDS, and similar issues naturally lead to the question of whether there are any values that can be ultimately justified, or whether values are simply conventional. John Kekes argues that the present moral and political uncertainties are due to a deep change in our society from a dogmatic to a pluralistic view of values. Dogmatism is committed to there being only one justifiable system of values. Pluralism recognizes many such systems, and yet (...)
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  38.  4
    Moral Pluralism and the Debate Over Research on Embryonic Tissue.Andrew Lustig - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (5):41-43.
  39.  15
    Minimal, Moderate, and Extreme Moral Pluralism.Peter S. Wenz - 1993 - Environmental Ethics 15 (1):61-74.
    Concentrating on the views of Christopher Stone, who advocates moral pluralism, and J. Baird Callicott, who criticizes Stone’s views, I argue that the debate has been confused by a conflation of three different positions, here called minimal, moderate, and extreme moral pluralism. Minimal pluralism is uncontroversial because all known moral theories are minimally pluralistic. Extreme pluralism is defective in the ways that Callicott alleges and, moreover, is inconsistent with integrity in the moral (...)
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  40.  22
    A Humean Account of Moral Pluralism.Michael B. Gill - 2012 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 25 (3):571-588.
  41.  54
    Federalism and Bioethics: States and Moral Pluralism.James W. Fossett, Alicia R. Ouellette, Sean Philpott, David Magnus & Glenn McGee - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (6):24-35.
  42.  1
    Antigone in Hertfordshire: Moral Conflict and Moral Pluralism in Forster’s Howards End.Bernard Yack - 2020 - Res Publica 26 (4):489-504.
    This paper uses E. M. Forster’s novel Howards End to help articulate what I describe as a moral pluralist approach to moral conflict. Moral pluralism, I argue here, represents a way of responding to the moral conflicts we encounter in our lives, rather than the mere acknowledgment of their inevitability, as suggested by value pluralists like Isaiah Berlin. The tragic view of moral conflict epitomized by Sophocles’ Antigone and endorsed by most theories of value (...)
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  43.  14
    Cultural Identity, Religion, Moral Pluralism and the Law.Herman de Dijn - 2003 - Bijdragen 64 (3):286-298.
  44.  3
    Christian Formation and Moral Pluralism: Challenges and Opportunities.Darlene Fozard Weaver - 2020 - Studies in Christian Ethics 33 (1):27-39.
    Moral diversity presents challenges and opportunities for Christian ethics, especially with regard to education and formation. Moral pluralism designates a response to that diversity predicated on the belief that such diversity is good and worthy of protection. Is moral pluralism a viable and authentically Christian stance? Attention to moral pluralism in Christian ethics is often muted or implied. Moreover, features of some Christian moral traditions make it difficult to envision a Christian affirmation (...)
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  45.  12
    In Defence of Moral Pluralism and Compromise in Health Care Networks.Kasper Raus, Eric Mortier & Kristof Eeckloo - 2018 - Health Care Analysis 26 (4):362-379.
    The organisation of health care is rapidly changing. There is a trend to move away from individual health care institutions towards transmural integrated care and interorganizational collaboration in networks. However, within such collaboration and network there is often likely to be a pluralism of values as different health care institutions often have very different values. For this paper, we examine three different models of how we believe institutions can come to collaborate in networks, and thus reap the potential benefits (...)
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  46.  40
    Sustainability and Moral Pluralism.Mary Midgley - 1996 - Ethics and the Environment 1 (1):41 - 54.
    Discussions of environmental ethics, and of applied ethics generally, easily produce a sense of unreality. But they are not a luxury. Faced with a new and monstrous predicament, we do need new thinking. Enlightenment morality, on which we still largely rely, has had enormous merits, but it strongly tends towards egoism and social atomism. This makes it hard for us to think, as we now must, about larger wholes.
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  47.  33
    Legal Enforcement, Moral Pluralism and Abortion.Richard T. De George - 1975 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 49:171.
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  48. State Neutrality, Moral Pluralism and the Parliamentary Decision on Assisted Suicide.Alexander Schöpke - 2020 - Archiv Fuer Rechts Und Sozialphilosophie 106 (3):353-367.
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  49. Partial Evidence: An Enquiry Concerning a Possible Affinity Between Literary Moral Cognitivism and Moral Pluralism.Peter Shum - 2017 - Interdisciplinary Literary Studies 19 (3):372-395.
    This paper begins by affirming the view that if there is a debate to be had over whether literature can convey moral knowledge, then efforts by proponents to substantiate this claim will already be necessarily conditioned by an understanding of what morality consists in, independently of literature. This observation brings to light a certain danger for the debate, namely that if participants fail to explicitly specify the ethical theory that they rely on, then the debate can seem nebulous. This (...)
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  50. Explaining Right and Wrong: A New Moral Pluralism and its Implications.Benjamin Sachs - 2017 - Routledge.
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