Results for 'moral personhood'

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  1. At the Margins of Moral Personhood.Eva Kittay - 2005 - Ethics 116 (1):100-131.
    In this article I examine the proposition that severe cognitive disability is an impediment to moral personhood. Moral personhood, as I understand it here, is articulated in the work of Jeff McMahan as that which confers a special moral status on a person. I rehearse the metaphysical arguments about the nature of personhood that ground McMahan’s claims regarding the moral status of the “congenitally severely mentally retarded” (CSMR for short). These claims, I argue, (...)
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  2.  63
    The Moral Personhood of Individuals Labeled “Mentally Retarded”: A Rawlsian Response to Nussbaum.Sophia Isako Wong - 2007 - Social Theory and Practice 33 (4):579-594.
  3.  69
    Corporate Moral Personhood and Three Conceptions of the Corporation.Michael J. Phillips - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (4):435-459.
    Despite some exceptions, the business ethics literature on the moral responsibility of corporations does not emphasize a subject critical to that inquiry: the general nature of corporations. This article attempts to lessen the imbalance by describing three conceptions of the corporation that have been prominent in twentieth century legal theorizing, and by sketching their implications for the moral responsibility of corporations. These three conceptions, at least two of which have counterparts in the philosophical and organizational theory literature, are (...)
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  4.  7
    Moral Personhood: An Essay in the Philosophy of Moral Psychology.G. E. Scott - 1990 - State University of New York Press.
    Examines the underlying assumptions and associated concepts of how we determine whether or not a person is capable of making moral judgements.
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  5.  70
    3 Developmental Perspective on the Emergence of Moral Personhood James C. Harris.Moral Personhood - 2010 - In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 55.
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  6.  32
    At the Margins of Moral Personhood.Eva Feder Kittay - 2008 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (2-3):137-156.
    In this article I examine the proposition that severe cognitive disability is an impediment to moral personhood. Moral personhood, as I understand it here, is articulated in the work of Jeff McMahan as that which confers a special moral status on a person. I rehearse the metaphysical arguments about the nature of personhood that ground McMahan’s claims regarding the moral status of the “congenitally severely mentally retarded”. These claims, I argue, rest on the (...)
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  7. On Moral Personhood: Philosophy, Literature, Criticism, and Self-Understanding.[author unknown] - 1998 - Journal of Religious Ethics 26 (2):409-431.
    Frank Palmer, Richard Eldridge, and Martha Nussbaum explore the contributions that imaginative literature can make to ethics. From three different moral philosophical perspectives, they argue that reading literature can help persons to achieve greater moral understanding. This essay examines how each author conceives of moral understanding, particularly in its emotional dimension, and how each thinks that reading literature can promote moral understanding. The essay also considers some implications of this work for religious ethics.
     
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  8. Moral Personhood.Sauravpran Goswami - 1998 - Indian Philosophical Quarterly 25 (4):517-526.
     
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  9.  32
    Moral Personhood: An Essay in the Philosophy of Moral Psychology.Owen Flanagan - 1991 - Ethics 101 (4):866-867.
  10.  9
    On Moral Personhood: Philosophy, Literature, Criticism and Self-Understanding (Review).Stephen Davies - 1991 - Philosophy and Literature 15 (1):166-167.
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  11.  29
    Moral Personhood: An Essay in the Philosophy of Moral Psychology.William J. Mohan - 1993 - International Studies in Philosophy 25 (3):147-149.
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  12.  88
    Temporal Parts and Moral Personhood.Hud Hudson - 1999 - Philosophical Studies 93 (3):299-316.
    Three Dimensionalists and Four Dimensionalists are engaged in a debate on the topics of persistence and mereology. In this paper, I explore implications of Four Dimensionalism for the formulation of the criterion of personhood and on the question of which individuals satisfy that criterion. In my discussion I argue that the Four Dimensionalist has reason to identify a human person with a proper part of a human organism, and that the Four Dimensionalist has reason to believe that if there (...)
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  13.  10
    Moral Personhood: A Tentative Analysis.Francis Dunlop - 1981 - Journal of Moral Education 11 (1):3-17.
    Abstract The paper is an attempt to provide a brief analysis of moral experience and moral agency set firmly within an experiential analysis of the human person. The approach yields a set of ?moral components? that the moral educator should take into account, but also enables him to understand their significance in human life. The analysis stresses the importance of ?moral character?, which is seen partly in terms of the blind development of innate psychic capacities (...)
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  14.  10
    On Moral Personhood: Philosophy, Literature, Criticism, and Self-Knowledge.Richard Eldridge - 1991 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 49 (2):169-170.
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  15.  44
    Towards a New Paradigm of Moral Personhood.Jeremy A. Frimer & Lawrence J. Walker - 2008 - Journal of Moral Education 37 (3):333-356.
    Moral psychology is between paradigms. Kohlberg's model of moral rationality has proved inadequate in explaining action; yet its augmentation—moral personality—awaits empirical embodiment. This article addresses some critical issues in developing a comprehensive empirical paradigm of moral personhood. Is a first-person or a third-person definition of moral behaviour more appropriate? Is operative moral judgement better understood as deliberative or intuitive? What is the essential nature of the moral self? Two basic constructs of (...) personality which have been posited to help span the judgement-action gap—moral centrality and integrity—are critically reviewed and some criteria are proffered for evaluating competing models of moral personhood. Significant directions for future research are noted with the hope of moving the field towards a new paradigm of moral personhood. While the content of this paradigm will differ markedly from Kohlberg's, we contend that the spirit of his enterprise will be manifest with vigour redoubled. (shrink)
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  16.  55
    Problems About Corporate Moral Personhood.ThomasW Smythe - 1985 - Journal of Value Inquiry 19 (4):327-333.
    According to peter french, A corporation can be construed as a moral person in the same sense that you and I are persons. Whether this view is tenable is an open question. I examine the objections to this view made in the recent literature and find them wanting. I deal with the questions whether corporations can have intentions, Rights, And consciousness.
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  17.  27
    Functionalism and Moral Personhood: One View Considered.David C. Wilson - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (June):521-530.
    Daniel dennett has offered a set of necessary and sufficient conditions for something's being the proper object of our moral commitment, That is, For something's being a person. Strict application of these largely pragmatic conditions, However, Would result in a moral community with quite a surprising membership roster, Because of both who is on it and who isn't. The problem is that "your" being a person should amount to more than a function of "my" goals and cleverness.
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  18.  5
    Moral Irony and Moral Personhood in Sakapultek Discourse and Culture.Robin Shoaps - forthcoming - Stance: Sociolinguistic Perspectives.
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  19. Wolf Hall and Moral Personhood.Nora Hämäläinen - 2019 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 9 (3-4):197-207.
    Can a good man do evil things? This paper offers a moral philosophical reading of Hilary Mantel’s novels Wolf Hall and Bring up the bodies, focusing on Mantel’s fictional portrayal of Thomas Cromwell as a good person, in spite of his growing involvement in the dirty work of Henry VIII. The narrative resists interpretations of Cromwell as someone corrupted by power. It also thwarts attempts to read his deeds as results of a deficient capacity for sympathetic imagination, which has (...)
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  20. G.E. Scott, Moral Personhood: An Essay In The Philosophy Of Moral Psychology. [REVIEW]C. Prado - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11:291-292.
     
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  21. Eldridge, Richard. On Moral Personhood: Philosophy, Literature, Criticism, and Self-Knowledge.Miles K. Rind - 1991 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 49 (2):169-169.
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  22. Richard Eldridge, On Moral Personhood: Philosophy, Literature, Criticism, and Self-Understanding Reviewed By.Eva Schaper - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11 (4):238-240.
     
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  23.  32
    The Central Distinction in the Theory of Corporate Moral Personhood.Raymond S. Pfeiffer - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (6):473-480.
    Peter French has argued that conglomerate collectivities such as business corporations are moral persons and that aggregate collectivities such as lynch mobs are not. Two arguments are advanced to show that French's claim is flawed. First, the distinction between aggregates and conglomerates is, at best, a distinction of degree, not kind. Moreover, some aggregates show evidence of moral personhood. Second, French's criterion for distinguishing aggregates and conglomerates is based on inadequate grounds. Application of the criterion to specific (...)
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  24. GE Scott, Moral Personhood: An Essay in the Philosophy of Moral Psychology Reviewed By.C. G. Prado - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11 (4):291-292.
     
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  25.  43
    Toward an Intermediate Position on Corporate Moral Personhood.Kevin Gibson - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (S1):71-81.
    Models of moral responsibility rely on foundational views about moral agency. Many scholars believe that only humans can be moral agents, and therefore business needs to create models that foster greater receptivity to others through ethical dialog. This view leads to a difficulty if no specific person is the sole causal agent for an act, or if something comes about through aggregated action in a corporate setting. An alternate approach suggests that corporations are moral agents sufficiently (...)
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  26. Personal Identity, Multiple Personality Disorder, and Moral Personhood.Steve Matthews - 1998 - Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):67-88.
    Marya Schechtman argues that psychological continuity accounts of personal identity, as represented by Derek Parfit's account, fail to escape the circularity objection. She claims that Parfit's deployment of quasi-memory (and other quasi-psychological) states to escape circularity implicitly commit us to an implausible view of human psychology. Schechtman suggests that what is lacking here is a coherence condition, and that this is something essential in any account of personal identity. In response to this I argue first that circularity may be escaped (...)
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  27.  21
    Dismemberment, Divorce and Hostile Takeovers: A Comment on Corporate Moral Personhood[REVIEW]Rita C. Manning - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (8):639 - 643.
    We can explain our intuitions about corporate takeover cases by appeal to Peter French's picture of the corporation as a moral person. He argues that corporations are persons in much the same sense as you and I, and are entitled to the same rights as humans. On this analysis, takeovers are murders, attempted murders, attempts to enslave, etc. I want to explore the consequences of this view for corporate takeovers. I shall argue that, though French can explain why our (...)
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  28.  43
    Artificial moral and legal personhood.John-Stewart Gordon - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-15.
    This paper considers the hotly debated issue of whether one should grant moral and legal personhood to intelligent robots once they have achieved a certain standard of sophistication based on such criteria as rationality, autonomy, and social relations. The starting point for the analysis is the European Parliament’s resolution on Civil Law Rules on Robotics and its recommendation that robots be granted legal status and electronic personhood. The resolution is discussed against the background of the so-called Robotics (...)
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  29. Developmental Perspective on the Emergence of Moral Personhood.James C. Harris - 2010 - In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 55--73.
     
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  30.  82
    Personhood and Natural Kinds: Why Cognitive Status Need Not Affect Moral Status.Joseph Vukov - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (3):261-277.
    Lockean accounts of personhood propose that an individual is a person just in case that individual is characterized by some advanced cognitive capacity. On these accounts, human beings with severe cognitive impairment are not persons. Some accept this result—I do not. In this paper, I therefore advance and defend an account of personhood that secures personhood for human beings who are cognitively impaired. On the account for which I argue, an individual is a person just in case (...)
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  31.  24
    Moral Professional Personhood: Ethical Reflections During Initial Clinical Encounters in Nursing Education.Chryssoula Lemonidou, Elizabeth Papathanassoglou, Margarita Giannakopoulou, Elisabeth Patiraki & Danai Papadatou - 2004 - Nursing Ethics 11 (2):122-137.
    Moral agency is an important constituent of the nursing role. We explored issues of ethical development in Greek nursing students during clinical practice at the beginning of their studies. Specifically, we aimed to explore students’ lived experience of ethics, and their perceptions and understanding of encountered ethical conflicts through phenomenological analysis of written narratives. The process of developing an awareness of personal values through empathizing with patients was identified as the core theme of the students’ experience. Six more common (...)
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  32.  37
    Moral, Believing Animals: Human Personhood and Culture.Christian Smith - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    What kind of animals are human beings? And how do our visions of the human shape our theories of social action and institutions? In Moral, Believing Animals>, Christian Smith advances a creative theory of human persons and culture that offers innovative, challenging answers to these and other fundamental questions in sociological, cultural, and religious theory. Smith suggests that human beings have a peculiar set of capacities and proclivities that distinguishes them significantly from other animals on this planet. Despite the (...)
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  33. Modal Personhood and Moral Status: A Reply to Kagan's Proposal.David DeGrazia - 2016 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1):22-25.
    Kagan argues that human beings who are neither persons nor even potential persons — if their impairment is independent of genetic constitution — are modal persons: individuals who might have been persons. Moreover, he proposes a view according to which both personhood and modal personhood are sufficient for counting more, morally, than nonhuman animals. In response to this proposal, I raise one relatively minor concern about Kagan's reasoning — that he judges too quickly that insentient beings can have (...)
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  34.  77
    Personhood and Moral Status.Julie Tannenbaum & Agnieszka Jaworska - 2019 - In Antonia LoLordo (ed.), Persons: A History. Oxford University Press. pp. 334-362.
    This chapter focuses on moral personhood understood in terms of the notion of moral status. An entity is said to have moral status only if it or its interest matters morally for its own sake. Nonutilitarians tend to think of moral status in terms of entitlements and protections that can conflict with, and sometimes override, doing what would maximize the good and minimize the bad. If moral status comes in degrees, and if there is (...)
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  35.  25
    Feinberg on the Criterion of Moral Personhood.Hud Hudson - 1996 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (3):311-318.
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  36.  19
    What Is a Person? Edited by Michael F. Goodman, and Moral Personhood: An Essay in the Philosophy of Moral Psychology by GE Scott.R. Elliot - 1992 - Bioethics 6 (1):41-60.
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  37.  8
    Review Essay of G. Scott, Moral Personhood and M. Goodman, What Is a Person?R. Elliot - 1992 - Bioethics 6 (1):41-60.
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  38.  38
    Arguments About Abortion: Personhood, Morality, and Law.Kate Greasley - 2017 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Does the morality of abortion depend on the moral status of the human fetus? Must the law of abortion presume an answer to the question of when personhood begins? Can a law which permits late abortion but not infanticide be morally justified? These are just some of the questions this book sets out to address. With an extended analysis of the moral and legal status of abortion, Kate Greasley offers an alternative account to the reputable arguments of (...)
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  39.  49
    Personhood and the Scope of Moral Duty.Dustin Arand - 2017 - Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 25 (2):119-139.
    In this essay I craft a procedure for evaluating claims of moral personhood that would allow us to answer ethical questions raised by issues like abortion, animal rights, artificial intelligence, etc. I focus specifically on the abortion debate as a case study for applying my procedure. I argue that our moral instincts have evolved to promote group cohesion, a necessary prerequisite of which is reliable identification of other group members. These are “persons” in the moral sense (...)
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  40.  7
    An African Philosophy of Personhood, Morality, and Politics.Motsamai Molefe - 2019 - New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book explores the salient ethical idea of personhood in African philosophy. It is a philosophical exposition that pursues the ethical and political consequences of the normative idea of personhood as a robust or even foundational ethical category. Personhood refers to the moral achievements of the moral agent usually captured in terms of a virtuous character, which have consequences for both morality and politics. The aim is not to argue for the plausibility of the ethical (...)
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  41. Shadow People: Relational Personhood, Extended Diachronic Personal Identity, and Our Moral Obligations Toward Fragile Persons.Bartlomiej Lenart - 2014 - Dissertation, University of Alberta
    This Dissertation argues for a care-centrically grounded account of relational personhood and widely realized diachronic personal identity. The moral distinction between persons and non-persons is arguably one of the most salient ethical lines we can draw since many of our most fundamental rights are delineated via the bounds of personhood. The problem with drawing such morally salient lines is that the orthodox, rationalistic definition of personhood, which is widespread within philosophical, medical, and colloquial spheres, excludes, and (...)
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  42.  70
    “Neglected Personhood” and Neglected Questions: Remarks on the Moral Significance of Consciousness.Dominic Wilkinson, Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (9):31 – 33.
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  43.  18
    Of Corporations, Courts, Personhood, and Morality.Margaret M. Blair - 2015 - Business Ethics Quarterly 25 (4):415-431.
    ABSTRACT:Since the dawn of capitalism, corporations have been regarded by the law as separate legal “persons.” Corporate “personhood” has nonetheless remained controversial, and our understanding of corporate personhood often influences our thinking about the social responsibilities of corporations. This essay, written in honor of Prof. Thomas Donaldson, explores the tension in recent decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court and the Delaware Chancery Court about what corporations are, whose interests they serve, and who gets to make decisions about what (...)
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  44.  11
    Moral Force and the “It-It” in Menkiti’s Normative Conception of Personhood.Edwin Etieyibo - 2018 - Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 7 (2):47-60.
    What is the status and nature of the “it” and the ontological progression from an “it” to an “it” in Ifeanyi Menkiti’s normative conception of a person? In this article, I attempt to preliminarily give some nuance content to the “it” of childhood and the “it” of the nameless dead. My motivation is straightforwardly simple: to defend Menkiti’s claim that both “its” have some depersonalised moral standing or existence. However, in doing so, I argue that a better account of (...)
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  45. On the Notion of Moral Status and Personhood in Biomedical Ethics.Azam Golam - 2010 - The Dhaka Univrsity Studies 67 (1):83-96.
    Personhood argument is important in moral philosophy specially to determine the moral status of a being (human or non-human) and organism. Justifying moral status of these is significant and necessary because without knowing whether those substances have moral status, it is difficult to sketch a moral considering framework for moral action towards them. There are a number of standards e.g. sentience, higher cognitive capacities, the capacity to flourish, sociability, the possession of life, viability, (...)
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  46.  23
    Culture, Moral Topographies, and Interactive Personhood.John Chambers Christopher - 2007 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 27 (2-1):170-191.
    This article draws on hermeneutics and interactivism to challenge the prevailing dichotomization of culture/self and fact/value by proposing a theoretical perspective that culture provides a moral framework in which people are embedded and that cultural values and assumptions are distributed across different levels of knowing. I then address the problems of relativism raised by the claim that cultures are different moral topographies, and consider how hermeneutic dialogue is a way of working towards "truth without certainty." I conclude by (...)
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  47.  73
    Abortion, Personhood, and Moral Rights.Donald Algeo - 1981 - The Monist 64 (4):543-549.
    Defenses of abortion have by and large focussed upon one or the other of two topics: the question of the personhood of the fetus, or the question of the woman’s rights as weighed against those of the fetus. I will criticize one attempt—probably the most widely read, certainly the most widely anthologized—to defend abortion by denying the personhood of the fetus, and conclude that the determination of the personhood of the fetus, or its lack thereof, should await (...)
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  48.  36
    Personhood and Moral Responsibility.Lawrence A. Locke - 1990 - Law and Philosophy 9 (1):39 - 66.
  49. Personhood and Moral Obligation.Philip Selznick - 1995 - In Amitai Etzioni (ed.), New Communitarian Thinking: Persons, Virtues, Institutions, and Communities. University Press of Virginia. pp. 110--25.
     
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  50.  49
    On the Margins: Personhood and Moral Status in Marginal Cases of Human Rights.Helen Ryland - 2020 - Dissertation, University of Birmingham
    Most philosophical accounts of human rights accept that all persons have human rights. Typically, ‘personhood’ is understood as unitary and binary. It is unitary because there is generally supposed to be a single threshold property required for personhood. It is binary because it is all-or-nothing: you are either a person or you are not. A difficulty with binary views is that there will typically be subjects, like children and those with dementia, who do not meet the threshold, and (...)
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