Results for 'mixture'

981 found
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  1.  26
    Mixtures and Psychological Inference with Resting State fMRI.Joseph McCaffrey & David Danks - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    In this essay, we examine the use of resting state fMRI data for psychological inferences. We argue that resting state studies hold the paired promises of discovering novel functional brain networks, and of avoiding some of the limitations of task-based fMRI. However, we argue that the very features of experimental design that enable resting state fMRI to support exploratory science also generate a novel confound. We argue that seemingly key features of resting state functional connectivity networks may be artefacts resulting (...)
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  2. Macroscopic Mixtures.Paul Needham - 2007 - Journal of Philosophy 104 (1):26-52.
    This paper takes up issues related to the notion of chemical substances arising from their mereological and modal features. Related notions are elements and compounds, into which substances are sub-divided, and the general notion of mixture, which as a special case might involve several substances, but covers other cases too. These are essentially macroscopic concepts. Some of the chemical arguments for this claim have been presented elsewhere. The present paper is a metaphysical treatment of matter as categorised by the (...)
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  3.  54
    Mixtures and Mass Terms.David Nicolas - forthcoming - Dialectica.
    In this article, I show that the semantics one adopts for mass terms constrains the metaphysical claims one can make about mixtures. I first expose why mixtures challenge a singularist approach based on mereological sums. After discussing an alternative, non-singularist approach based on plural logic, I take chemistry into account and explain how it changes our perspective on these issues.
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  4.  36
    Mixtures and Modality.Paul Needham - 2004 - Foundations of Chemistry 7 (1):103-118.
    Some points are made about substance properties in their role of introducing mass terms. In particular, two conditions of distributivity and cumulativity of mass predicates expressing these properties are not the independent pair they first appear to be. A classification of macroscopic substance concepts is developed. This needs to be complemented in some way by the introduction of a modal qualification reminiscent of Aristotle's distinction between actual and potential presence of substances in a mixture. Consideration of the latter feature (...)
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  5.  57
    Mixtures.Richard Sharvy - 1983 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 44 (2):227-239.
  6.  25
    Mixture, Generation and the First Aporia of Aristotle’s GC 1.10.Andreas Anagnostopoulos - 2021 - Phronesis 66 (2):139-177.
    This paper concerns the classification of the process of mixture, for Aristotle, and the related issue of the manner in which the ingredients remain present once mixed. I argue that mixture is best viewed as a kind of substantial generation in the context of the GC and, accordingly, that the ingredients do not enjoy the kind of strong presence within a mixture usually attributed to them. To do this, I critically examine the most promising versions of the (...)
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  7.  35
    'Hermaphroditical Mixtures': Margaret Cavendish on Nature and Art.Susan James - 2018 - In E. Thomas (ed.), Early Modern Women on Metaphysics. Cambridge, U.K: Cambridge University Press.
    Cavendish is critical of two of the experimental sciences of her day: chemistry and microscopy. Rather than creating new things, as their practitioners claim, they produce 'hermaphroditical mixtures'. I trace this startling metaphor to the alchemical tradition and suggest how its origins can help us to understand Cavendish's position. In her view, the chemists and microscopists exaggerate their own power and creativity, and fail to recognise that human creativity belongs primarily to imagination. I show how this theme is worked out (...)
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  8.  35
    Mysterious Mixtures: Descartes on Mind and Body.Richard Davies - 2015 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 4 (1):47-78.
    As is well known, Descartes’ doctrine on the relations of mind and body involves at least the following two theses: the real distinction of mind and body is compatible with their substantial union; and the siting of the mind at the tip of the pineal gland is compatible with its presence throughout the body. Th is essay seeks to perform three main tasks. One is to suggest that, so far as Descartes is concerned, the doctrine that arises out of the (...)
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  9. Timaeus on Color Mixture.Mark Eli Kalderon - manuscript
    Now with extra footnotes, by editorial demand! Final version accepted by Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy. -/- This essay consists in a trick and a potential insight. The trick consists in a minimalist interpretation of color mixture. The account of color mixture is minimalist in the sense that, given certain background assumptions, there is no more to Timaeus’ account of color mixture than the list of the chromatic pathēmata and the list of how these combine to elicit (...)
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  10.  33
    Mixtures, Material Substances and Corpuscles in the Early Modern Aristotelian- Th Omistic Tradition: Th E Case of Francisco Soares Lusitano.Luís Miguel Carolino - 2015 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 4 (1):9-27.
    This paper analyzes the theory of mixtures, material substances and corpuscles put forward by the Portuguese Thomistic philosopher Francisco Soares Lusitano. It has been argued that the incapacity of the Aristotelian-Thomistic tradition to reconcile an Aristotelian theory of mixtures with hylomorphism opened the way to the triumph of atomism in the seventeenth century. By analyzing Soares Lusitano’s theory of mixtures, this paper aims to demonstrate that early modern Thomism not only rendered the Aristotelian notion of elements compatible with the metaphysical (...)
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  11.  41
    Mixture of Maximal Quasi Orders: A New Approach to Preference Modelling.Jacinto González-Pachón & Sixto Ríos-Insua - 1999 - Theory and Decision 47 (1):73-88.
    Normative theories suggest that inconsistencies be pointed out to the Decision Maker who is thus given the chance to modify his/her judgments. In this paper, we suggest that the inconsistencies problem be transferred from the Decision Maker to the Analyst. With the Mixture of Maximal Quasi Orders, rather than pointing out incoherences for the Decision Maker to change, these inconsistencies may be used as new source of information to model his/her preferences.
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  12.  18
    Expected Utility Theory on Mixture Spaces Without the Completeness Axiom.David McCarthy, Kalle Mikkola & Joaquin Teruji Thomas - 2021 - arXiv:2102.06898 [Econ.TH].
    A mixture preorder is a preorder on a mixture space (such as a convex set) that is compatible with the mixing operation. In decision theoretic terms, it satisfies the central expected utility axiom of strong independence. We consider when a mixture preorder has a multi-representation that consists of real-valued, mixture-preserving functions. If it does, it must satisfy the mixture continuity axiom of Herstein and Milnor (1953). Mixture continuity is sufficient for a mixture-preserving multi-representation (...)
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  13.  49
    Duhem’s Theory of Mixture in the Light of the Stoic Challenge to the Aristotelian Conception.Paul Needham - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (4):685-708.
    The bulk of Duhem's writing which bears on the understanding of mixtures suggests he adopted an Aristotelian position which he opposed only to the atomic view. A third view from antiquity-that of the Stoics-seems not to be taken into account. But his lines of thought are not always as explicit as could be wished. The Stoic view is considered here from a perspective which Duhem might well have adopted. This provides a background against which his somewhat unorthodox Aristotelianism might be (...)
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  14.  4
    Racial Mixture, Blood and Nation in Medical Publications on Sickle Cell Disease in 1950s Brazil.Juliana Manzoni Cavalcanti - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):51.
    This paper investigates continuities and changes in the definition of sickle cell disease in 1950s Brazil, taking into account that diseases have a history and are recognized as such according to the knowledge and perceptions available in a certain historical period and specific location. In the post-war era, new diagnostic tools, inheritance theories and, in particular, discussions on the concepts of race and racial relations, both nationally and internationally, were changing previous racialist and racist views. Nonetheless, the Brazilian medical interpretations (...)
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  15.  3
    Racial mixture, blood and nation in medical publications on sickle cell disease in 1950s Brazil.Juliana Manzoni Cavalcanti - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):1-23.
    This paper investigates continuities and changes in the definition of sickle cell disease in 1950s Brazil, taking into account that diseases have a history and are recognized as such according to the knowledge and perceptions available in a certain historical period and specific location. In the post-war era, new diagnostic tools, inheritance theories and, in particular, discussions on the concepts of race and racial relations, both nationally and internationally, were changing previous racialist and racist views. Nonetheless, the Brazilian medical interpretations (...)
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  16.  35
    Mixture Axioms in Linear and Multilinear Utility Theories.Peter C. Fishburn & Fred S. Roberts - 1978 - Theory and Decision 9 (2):161-171.
  17. Mixture and Chemical Combination and Related Essays.Paul Needham (ed.) - 2002 - Dordrecht, Nederländerna: Kluwer.
    This is a translation of Duhem's Le mixte et la combination chimique (1902) together with eight related essays including Les theories de la chaleur (1895), Thermochimie (1897), L'oeuvre de M. J. H. van 't Hoff (1900) and a short extract from Traité d'énergétique (1911) dealing with the nature of mixtures.
     
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  18.  60
    Aristotle on Mixtures.Richard Sharvy - 1983 - Journal of Philosophy 80 (8):439-457.
  19.  2
    Mixture and Transformation in Aristotle’s De Generatione Et Corruptione.Arman Zarifian - 2018 - Peitho 9 (1):53-69.
    In his works on natural sciences, primarily in the Physics, Aristotle focuses on different forms of metabolē and distinguishes movement in general from substantial change. The On generation and corruption deals with the latter. When reading this treatise, one should pay particular attention to the concept of mixture. Apart from being the subject of a specific chapter, the problem of mixture permeates the whole work. But what exactly is mixture? Is it a simple combination of small parts? (...)
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  20. The Problem of Mixture.Kit Fine - 1995 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 76 (3-4):266-369.
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  21.  44
    Interpreting Aristotle on Mixture: Problems About Elemental Composition From Philoponus to Cooper.Rega Wood & Michael Weisberg - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (4):681-706.
    Aristotle’s On generation and corruption raises a vital question: how is mixture, or what we would now call chemical combination, possible? It also offers an outline of a solution to the problem and a set of criteria that a successful solution must meet. Understanding Aristotle’s solution and developing a viable peripatetic theory of chemical combination has been a source of controversy over the last two millennia. We describe seven criteria a peripatetic theory of mixture must satisfy: uniformity, recoverability, (...)
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  22.  7
    Testing Mixture Models of Transitive Preference: Comment on Regenwetter, Dana, and Davis-Stober.Michael H. Birnbaum - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (4):675-683.
  23.  29
    Race Mixture.K. B. Aikman - 1933 - The Eugenics Review 25 (3):161.
  24.  7
    Growth Mixture Modeling of Depression Symptoms Following Traumatic Brain Injury.Rapson Gomez, Clive Skilbeck, Matt Thomas & Mark Slatyer - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  25.  53
    FBST for Mixture Model Selection.Julio Michael Stern & Marcelo de Souza Lauretto - 2005 - AIP Conference Proceedings 803:121-128.
    The Fully Bayesian Significance Test (FBST) is a coherent Bayesian significance test for sharp hypotheses. This paper proposes the FBST as a model selection tool for general mixture models, and compares its performance with Mclust, a model-based clustering software. The FBST robust performance strongly encourages further developments and investigations.
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  26.  11
    Bayesian Mixture Modeling of Significant P Values: A Meta-Analytic Method to Estimate the Degree of Contamination From H₀.Quentin Frederik Gronau, Monique Duizer, Marjan Bakker & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (9):1223-1233.
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  27.  14
    Race Mixture Among the Greeks Before Alexander. By A. Diller. Pp. 187. Urbana: University of Illinois, 1937. $2.50.A. W. Gomme & A. Diller - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (1):157-158.
  28. The Mixture of Genres in the French Romantic Theater: A Dramatic of Historical Disorder.Florence Naugrette - 2011 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 255 (1):27-41.
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  29. The Mixture of Distributions as a Model for Analyzing Anthropometric Data.M. I. Osman, E. Ebomoyi, O. O. Adetoro, A. R. Wickremasinghe, J. Garza-Flores, D. L. De la Cruz, V. Valles de Bourges, R. Sanchez-Nuncio, M. Martinez & J. L. Fuziwara - 1991 - Journal of Biosocial Science 23 (4):417-23.
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  30.  28
    Grains, Components and Mixtures in Biomedical Ontologies.Ludger Jansen & Schulz Stefan - 2011 - Journal of Biomedical Semantics 2 (4).
    BACKGROUND -/- In biomedical ontologies, mereological relations have always been subject to special interest due to their high relevance in structural descriptions of anatomical entities, cells, and biomolecules. This paper investigates two important subrelations of has_proper_part, viz. the relation has_grain, which relates a collective entity to its multiply occurring uniform parts (e.g., water molecules in a portion of water), and the relation has_component, which relates a compound to its constituents (e.g., molecules to the atoms they consist of). -/- METHOD -/- (...)
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  31. Une mixture empoisonnée.Henry Bowles - 2015 - Nouvelle Revue D’Esthétique 16 (2):123.
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  32.  19
    Causation and Recipes: The Mixture as Before? [REVIEW]Alexander Rosenberg - 1973 - Philosophical Studies 24 (6):378 - 385.
  33.  6
    Empedocles' Mixture, Eudoxan Astronomy and Aristotle's Connate Pneuma, with an Appendix "General Because First" a Presocratic Motif in Aristotle's Theology.Friedrich Solmsen & Harald A. T. Reiche - 1963 - American Journal of Philology 84 (1):91.
  34.  40
    Mixture and Chemical Combination and Related Essays: A Response to Robert Deltete and Anastasios Brenner.Paul Needham - 2004 - Foundations of Chemistry 6 (3):233-245.
    Robert Deltete and Anastasios Brenner have provided a thorough examination of my translation of Duhem’s Le mixte et la combinaison chimique (1902) and associated essays. I am very grateful for their efforts and gratified that such competent reviewers should be generally positive. They provide an overview of relevant aspects of Duhem’s life and work, which may serve to introduce him to readers of this journal and promote interest in Duhem studies. They also raise and answer some questions about the interpretation (...)
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  35.  58
    Pure States, Mixtures, and Reduction of the Wave Packet.J. Andrade E. Silva - 1972 - Foundations of Physics 2 (4):245-256.
    The usual distinction in quantum mechanics between pure states and mixtures is shown not to be independent of the interpretation adopted. Thus, in a causal theory, certain states should be regarded as sharing the nature of both pure states and mixtures and, as a result, important questions in the theory of measurement must be considered in a different light.
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  36.  3
    Dolly Mixtures: The Remaking of Genealogy. [REVIEW]Jane Maienschein - 2007 - Isis 98:816-817.
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  37.  12
    Racial Mixture in Great Britain: Some Anthropological Characteristics of the Anglo-Negroid Cross: A Preliminary Report.K. L. Little - 1942 - The Eugenics Review 33 (4):112.
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  38.  8
    Introduction: Coherent Mixtures.Jeffrey M. Perl, Noa Halevy, Edith Bruder & Jamie Gilham - 2017 - Common Knowledge 23 (3):396-403.
    In his introduction to part 2 of the Common Knowledge symposium on xenophilia, the journal's editor tours the reader through two private apartments and through two public art collections in an effort to establish that aesthetically coherent mixtures of apparently immiscible objects from widely divergent cultures are possible and also morally glamorous. Xenophobia at its least reprehensible, he argues, is a fear of ecumenism and its consequences, as well as a fear of one's own conversion — of “turning Turk.” Xenophilia (...)
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  39. Mixture Models of Individual Heterogeneity.Dale O. Stahl - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
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  40.  43
    Interpreting Aristotle on Mixture: Problems About Elemental Composition From Philoponus to Cooper.Michael Weisberg - 2004 - Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science 35 (4):681–706.
    Aristotle’s On generation and corruption raises a vital question: how is mixture, or what we would now call chemical combination, possible? It also offers an outline of a solution to the problem and a set of criteria that a successful solution must meet. Understanding Aristotle’s solution and developing a viable peripatetic theory of chemical combination has been a source of controversy over the last two millennia. We describe seven criteria a peripatetic theory of mixture must satisfy: uniformity, recoverability, (...)
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  41.  8
    Lipophilic Environmental Chemical Mixtures Released During Weight‐Loss: The Need to Consider Dynamics.Duk‐Hee Lee, David R. Jacobs, Lars Lind & P. Monica Lind - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (6):1900237.
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  42. An Alternative Model for Understanding Anaxagoras’ Mixture.David Torrijos-Castrillejo - 2019 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 126:7-26.
    For Anaxagoras, both before the beginning of the world and in the present, “all is together” and “everything is in everything.” Various modern interpretations abound regarding the identity of this “mixture.” It has been explained as an aggregation of particles or as a continuous “fusion” of different sorts of ingredients. However—even though they are not usually recognized as a distinct group—there are a number of other scholars who, without seemingly knowing each other, have offered a different interpreta- tion: Anaxagoras’ (...)
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  43. Theories of mixture in the early modern period. JEMS 4.1 (Spring).Lucian Petrescu (ed.) - 2015 - Zeta Books.
    Special issue of the Journal for Early Modern Studies (4.1., Spring 2005) Guest Editor: Lucian Petrescu. -/- .
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  44.  23
    Meteors and Mixtures. Problems of Hylomorphic Composition.Lucian Petrescu - 2014 - Dissertation, Ghent University
  45.  50
    Pierre Duhem: Mixture and Chemical Combination and Related Essays. Edited and Translated, with an Introduction, by Paul Needham.Robert J. Deltete & Anastasios Brenner - 2004 - Foundations of Chemistry 6 (3):203-232.
    The following is an essay review of Paul Needham's translation of Pierre Duhem's Lemixte et la combinaison chimique and a numberof other essays. In this review we describe theintent and general features of Le mixte and try to place it in the larger context of Duhem'sprogram for energetics. The long essay (Essay3) opposing Marcellin Berthelot'sthermochemistry is singled out for detailedcommentary, since it gives Duhem's reasons forendorsing Josiah Willard Gibbs's chemicalstatics. We argue that a chemical mechanics ofa Gibbsian sort, defended in (...)
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  46. Compounds and Mixtures.Paul Needham - 2012 - In Robin Findlay Hendry, Paul Needham & Andrea Woody (eds.), Handbook of the Philosophy of Science, Vol 6: Philosophy of Chemistry. Amsterdam, Nederländerna: pp. 271-290.
  47. The Metaphysics of Physics: Mixture and Separation in Empedocles and Anaxagoras.Patricia Curd - 2002 - In Alexander P. D. Mourelatos, Victor Miles Caston & Daniel W. Graham (eds.), Presocratic Philosophy: Essays in Honour of Alexander Mourelatos. Ashgate. pp. 139--58.
     
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  48.  45
    Is There Evidence for a Mixture of Processes in Speed‐Accuracy Trade‐Off Behavior?Leendert Maanen - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (1):279-290.
    The speed-accuracy trade-off effect refers to the behavioral trade-off between fast yet error-prone respones and accurate but slow responses. Multiple theories on the cognitive mechanisms behind SAT exist. One theory assumes that SAT is a consequence of strategically adjusting the amount of evidence required for overt behaviors, such as perceptual choices. Another theory hypothesizes that SAT is the consequence of the mixture of multiple categorically different cognitive processes. In this paper, these theories are disambiguated by assessing whether the fixed-point (...)
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  49.  23
    The Mixture of Genres in Lucian - Marquis, Billault Mixis. Le Mélange Des Genres Chez Lucien de Samosate. Pp. IV + 293. Paris: Éditions Demopolis, 2017. Paper, €29.50. Isbn: 978-2-35457-123-8. [REVIEW]Morena Deriu - 2018 - The Classical Review 68 (2):381-384.
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  50. Is Purple a Red and Blue Chessboard? Brentano on Colour Mixtures.Olivier Massin & Marion Hämmerli - 2017 - The Monist 100 (1):37-63.
    Can we maintain that purple seems composed of red and blue without giving up the impenetrability of the red and blue parts that compose it? Brentano thinks we can. Purple, according to him, is a chessboard of red and blue tiles which, although individually too small to be perceived, are together indistinctly perceived within the purple. After a presentation of Brentano’s solution, we raise two objections to it. First, Brentano’s solution commits him to unperceivable intentional objects (the chessboard’s tiles). Second, (...)
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