Results for 'instrumentality'

988 found
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  1. Instrumental Reasons.Instrumental Reasons - unknown
    As Kant claimed in the Groundwork, and as the idea has been developed by Korsgaard 1997, Bratman 1987, and Broome 2002. This formulation is agnostic on whether reasons for ends derive from our desiring those ends, or from the relation of those ends to things of independent value. However, desire-based theorists may deny, against Hubin 1999, that their theory is a combination of a principle of instrumental transmission and the principle that reasons for ends are provided by desires. Instead, they (...)
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  2.  11
    Imploding the System: Kagel and the Deconstruction of Modernism.Instrumental Predecessors - 2002 - In Judith Irene Lochhead & Joseph Henry Auner (eds.), Postmodern music/postmodern thought. London: Routledge. pp. 4--263.
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  3. Study Guide for Final Bokulich PH 100.Instrumental Good - unknown
    You should be specific, but also explain the context and relevance of the term. (Each ID is worth 5 points).
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  4. John whethamstede, Abbot of st. Alban s, on the.Why Were Astronomical Instruments Or - 2008 - Mediaevalia 29:109.
     
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  5. Сe beeby.Education as an Instrument Of Change - 1980 - Paideia 8:193.
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  6.  6
    A Tale of Two Regimes: Instrumentality and Commons Access.Noah J. Toly - 2005 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 25 (1):26-36.
    Technical developments have profound social and environmental impacts. Both are observed in the implications of regimes of instrumentality for commons access regimes. Establishing social, material, ecological, intellectual, and moral infrastructures, technologies are partly constitutive of commons access and may militate against governance according to principles of ecological justice. This article examines the relationship between regimes of instrumentality and commons access regimes, exploring the effects of bioprospecting on the biodiversity commons.
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  7.  17
    Performance management using health outcomes: in search of instrumentality.H. T. Davies - 1998 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (4):359-362.
  8.  40
    Buddhist functionalism—instrumentality reaffirmed.David Scott - 1995 - Asian Philosophy 5 (2):127 – 149.
    Abstract This article seeks to determine if Buddhism can best be understood as primarily a functionalist tradition. In pursuing this, some analogies arise with various Western strands?particularly James? ?pragmatism?, Dewey's ?instrumentalism?, Braithwaite's ?empiricism?, Wittgenstein's ?language games?, and process thinkers like Hartshorne and Jacobson. Within the Buddhist setting, the traditional Therav?da framework of sila (ethics/precepts), sam?dhi (meditation) and pañña (wisdom) are examined, together with Therav?da rituals. Despite some ?correspondence? approaches with regard to truth claim statements, e.g. vipassan? ?insight? and Abhidharma analysis, (...)
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  9.  19
    Extensive knowledge integration strategies in pre-service teachers: the role of perceived instrumentality, motivation, and self-regulation.Jumi Lee & Jeannine E. Turner - 2017 - Educational Studies 44 (5):505-520.
    This study investigated contributions of pre-service teachers’ endogenous and exogenous instrumentalities, their intrinsic and extrinsic motivations, and their use of self-regulation strategies to explain the extent to which they used strategies to purposefully integrate their knowledge across courses. With a total of 254 pre-service teachers’ survey-responses, results of a hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that their endogenous instrumentality of their current coursework, their use of metacognitive strategies and their use of deeper cognitive learning strategies contributed to explaining their use (...)
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  10.  7
    Counterfinality: On the Increased Perceived Instrumentality of Means to a Goal.Birga M. Schumpe, Jocelyn J. Bélanger, Michelle Dugas, Hans-Peter Erb & Arie W. Kruglanski - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  11.  30
    Performance management using health outcomes: in search of instrumentality.H. T. O. Davies Phd Hon Mfphm - 1998 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (4):359-362.
  12. Emergence: dissensus in a global field of instrumentality.Pheng Cheah - 2019 - In Scott Durham, Dilip Parameshwar Gaonkar & Jacques Rancière (eds.), Distributions of the sensible: Rancière, between aesthetics and politics. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
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  13.  15
    Heidegger’s Dasein-Analytic of Instrumentality In Being and Time and the Thinking of The “Extreme Danger” of the Question of Technology, and Frederick Tonnies’Community And Society.Richard A. Cohen - 2010 - Philosophy Today 54 (Supplement):91-100.
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  14.  13
    Housing support workers as equilibrists between instrumentality and situation.Ulf Ericsson & Anita Bengtsson Tops - 2014 - Vulnerable Groups and Inclusion 5.
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  15.  11
    Alexander of Aphrodisias and the problem of instrumentality 'of logic. Notes on in A. Pr. 2, 22-33'.Ricardo Salles - 2009 - Estudios de Filosofía (Universidad de Antioquia) 40:223-243.
  16. Department of philosophy california state university chico. California Sartre on constitution: Gestalt theory, instrumentality.Adrian Mirvish - 2001 - Existentia 11:407.
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  17. Sartre on constitution: Gestalt theory, instrumentality and overcoming of dualism.Adrian Mirvish - 2001 - Existentia 11 (3-4):407-425.
     
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  18.  59
    Non-instrumental roles of science.John Ziman - 2003 - Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (1):17-27.
    Nowadays, science is treated an instrument of policy, serving the material interests of government and commerce. Traditionally, however, it also has important non-instrumental social functions, such as the creation of critical scenarios and world pictures, the stimulation of rational attitudes, and the production of enlightened practitioners and independent experts. The transition from academic to ‘post-academic’ science threatens the performance of these functions, which are inconsistent with strictly instrumental modes of knowledge production. In particular, expert objectivity is negated by entanglement with (...)
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  19.  91
    Perspectival Instruments.Ana-Maria Creţu - 2022 - Philosophy of Science 89 (3):521-541.
    Despite its potential implications for the objectivity of scientific knowledge, the claim that “scientific instruments are perspectival” has received little critical attention. I show that this claim is best understood as highlighting the dependence of instruments on different perspectives. When closely analyzed, instead of constituting a novel epistemic challenge, this dependence can be exploited to mount novel strategies for resolving two old epistemic problems: conceptual relativism and theory-ladeness. The novel content of this article consists in articulating and developing these strategies (...)
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  20.  89
    Instrumentally Rational Myopic Planning.Chrisoula Andreou - 2004 - Philosophical Papers 33 (2):133-145.
    Abstract I challenge the view that, in cases where time for deliberation is not an issue, instrumental rationality precludes myopic planning. I show where there is room for instrumentally rational myopic planning, and then argue that such planning is possible not only in theory, it is something human beings can and do engage in. The possibility of such planning has, however, been disregarded, and this disregard has skewed related debates concerning instrumental rationality.
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  21. Instruments and the body: Sartre and Merleau-ponty.Nebojsa Kujundzic & William Buschert - 1994 - Research in Phenomenology 24 (1):206-215.
    We argue that no sharp boundary can be drawn between the ``authentic'' human body and its instruments. In contrast to some other theorists of the continental canon--notably Heidegger and the Frankfurt school--Sartre and Merleau-Ponty can be read as asserting that the body (transitively) ``lives'' its instruments, weaving with them an intricate web of habitual actions and experiences. For Merleau-Ponty especially, the human body and its instruments are capable of complementing, supplementing, and melting into one another.
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  22.  16
    Instruments and artisanal practices in long distance oceanic voyages.Henrique Leitão - 2018 - Centaurus 60 (3):189-202.
    Scientific instruments are not neutral artefacts; the perception of their value is greatly determined not only by the objects themselves and the function they perform, but also by the context of their use. In the 16th and 17th centuries, scientific instruments – not only nautical ones – acquired a prominent place in European societies that greatly transcended the specific narrow professional circles that used them. This has already been noted as being an important feature in the development of science in (...)
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  23. Instrumental rationality, symmetry and scope.John Brunero - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 157 (1):125-140.
    Instrumental rationality prohibits one from being in the following state: intending to pass a test, not intending to study, and believing one must intend to study if one is to pass. One could escape from this incoherent state in three ways: by intending to study, by not intending to pass, or by giving up one’s instrumental belief. However, not all of these ways of proceeding seem equally rational: giving up one’s instrumental belief seems less rational than giving up an end, (...)
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  24.  55
    Reconsidering Instrumental Corporate Social Responsibility through the Mafia Metaphor.Jean-Pascal Gond, Guido Palazzo & Kunal Basu - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (1):57-85.
    ABSTRACT:The purpose of this paper is to critically evaluate the instrumental perspective on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in practice and theory by relying on sociological analyses of a well known organization: the Italian Mafia. Legal businesses might share features of the Mafia, such as the propensity to exploit a governance vacuum in society, a strong organizational identity that demarcates the inside from the outside, and an extreme profit motive. Instrumental CSR practices have the power to accelerate a firm's transition to (...)
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  25.  40
    Instrumentalizing and Naturalizing Social Ontology: Replies to Lohse and Little.Richard Lauer - 2021 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 51 (1):24-39.
    This article addresses Simon Lohse’s and Daniel Little’s responses to my article “Is Social Ontology Prior to Social Scientific Methodology?.” In that article, I present a pragmatic and deflationary view of the priority of social ontology to social science methodology where social ontology is valued for its ability to promote empirical success and not because it yields knowledge of what furnishes the social world. First, in response to Lohse, I argue that my view is compatible with a role for ontological (...)
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  26.  19
    Illustrating Instrumental Variable Regressions Using the Career Adaptability – Job Satisfaction Relationship.Grégoire Bollmann, Serguei Rouzinov, André Berchtold & Jérôme Rossier - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    This article illustrates instrumental variable (IV) estimation by examining an unexpected finding of the research on career adaptability and job satisfaction. Theoretical and empirical arguments suggest that in the general population, people’s abilities to adapt their careers are beneficial to their job satisfaction. However, a recent meta-analysis unexpectedly found no effect when personality traits are controlled for. We argue that a reverse effect of job satisfaction on career adaptability, originating from affective tendencies tied to personality, might explain this null effect. (...)
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  27.  6
    Instrumental Music Educators in a COVID Landscape: A Reassertion of Relationality and Connection in Teaching Practice.Leon R. de Bruin - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    For many countries instrumental music tuition in secondary schools is a ubiquitous event that provides situated and personalized instruction in the learning of an instrument. Opportunities and methods through which teachers operate during the COVID-19 outbreak challenged music educators as to how they taught, engaged, and interacted with students across online platforms, with alarm over aerosol dispersement a major factor in maintaining online instrumental music tuition even as students returned to “normal” face to face classes. This qualitative study investigated the (...)
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  28.  50
    Defending Instrumental Reason.Joe Mintoff - 1998 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (3):393-415.
    In a series of recent articles, Jean Hampton has argued that the widely accepted instrumental conception of reason is no more metaphysically benign than non-instrumental, typically moral, theories of reason. The purpose of this article is to provide the beginnings of a defence of instrumental conception of reason against Hampton's charges. In the first part, I take up her claim that instrumental norms rest on the same notion of normative authority as that employed by non-instrumental, or moral, theories. I argue (...)
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  29. Instrumental and Integrative Logics in Business Sustainability.Jijun Gao & Pratima Bansal - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (2):241-255.
    Prior research on sustainability in business often assumes that decisions on social and environmental investments are made for instrumental reasons, which points to causal relationships between corporate financial performance and corporate social and environmental commitment. In other words, social or environmental commitment should predict higher financial performance. The theoretical premise of sustainability, however, is based on a systems perspective, which implies a tighter integration between corporate financial performance and corporate commitment to social and environmental issues. In this paper, we describe (...)
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  30.  11
    Gateway, Instrument, Environment: The Aquarium as a Hybrid Space between Animal Fancying and Experimental Zoology.Christian Reiß - 2012 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 20 (4):309-336.
    ZusammenfassungTrotz seiner großen Verbreitung in den Lebenswissenschaften wurde dem Aquarium bisher wenig wissenschafts- und technikhistorische Aufmerksamkeit zuteil. Dies ist nicht zuletzt durch den Umstand begründet, dass das Aquarium und seine Geschichte bisher größtenteils als außerwissenschaftlich aufgefasst wurden. Dabei spielen so unterschiedliche Kontexte wie Akklimatisierung, Amateurnaturkunde und bürgerliche Populärkultur eine wichtige Rolle. Gleichzeitig ist die Entwicklung des Aquariums aber auch eng mit der Geschichte der Lebenswissenschaften verbunden. Mit Blick auf die zweite Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts verstehe ich das Aquarium als techno-natural (...)
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  31.  70
    Instrumental Realism: The Interface Between Philosophy of Science and Philosophy of Technology.Don Ihde - 1991 - Indiana University Press.
    Ihde's book breaks new ground and... makes an important debate accessible." —Robert Ackermann Instrumental Realism has three principal aims: to advocate a "praxis-perception" approach to the philosophy of science; to explore ways in which ...
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  32.  39
    Seismic Instrumentation Design: Selected Research Papers on Basic Concepts.Raman K. Attri - 2018 - Singapore: Speed To Proficiency Research: S2Pro©.
    This book is a collection of three papers authored by Dr. Raman K Attri between 1999 to 2005. The book provides a theoretical and conceptual understanding of concepts and principles of detection and measurements of the seismic signal. The papers provide fundamental concepts in seismic instrumentation design. The first paper presents a simplified mathematical framework of the seismic events and backend computational software logic that will enable software engineers to develop a customized seismic analysis and computation software. The second paper (...)
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  33.  20
    Instruments of health and harm: how the procurement of healthcare goods contributes to global health inequality.Mei L. Trueba, Mahmood F. Bhutta & Arianne Shahvisi - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (6):423-429.
    Many healthcare goods, such as surgical instruments, textiles and gloves, are manufactured in unregulated factories and sweatshops where, amongst other labour rights violations, workers are subject to considerable occupational health risks. In this paper we undertake an ethical analysis of the supply of sweatshop-produced surgical goods to healthcare providers, with a specific focus on the National Health Service of the United Kingdom. We contend that while labour abuses and occupational health deficiencies are morally unacceptable in the production of any commodity, (...)
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  34.  20
    Beyond instrumental rationality. For a critical theory of freedom.Jana Katharina Funk - 2021 - Estudios de Filosofía (Universidad de Antioquia) 63:91-108.
    This article will provide an illustration of Max Weber’s theory of rationalization with a specific impetus on its interdependency with the development of capitalism. Following Horkheimer, I shall critically draw on Weber to outline a theory of human freedom, showing that rationalization not only implies economic and social liberation but entails a totalizing tendency that invades all spheres of socio-political life including people’s mental infrastructure. This mental colonization can be framed as a process of substituting value rationality with instrumental rationality. (...)
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  35.  59
    Instrumental Rationality: A Reprise.Joseph Raz - 2005 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 1 (1):1-20.
    The paper distinguishes between instrumental reasons and instrumental rationality. It argues that instrumental reasons are not reasons to take the means to our ends. It further argues that there is no distinct form of instrumental reasoning or of instrumental rationality. In part the argument proceeds through a sympathetic examination of suggestions made by M. Bratman, J. Broome, and J. Wallace, though the accounts of instrumental rationality offered by the last two are criticised.
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  36.  12
    Data, Instruments, and Theory: A Dialectical Approach to Understanding Science.Robert John Ackermann - 1985 - Princeton University Press.
    Robert John Ackermann deals decisively with the problem of relativism that has plagued post-empiricist philosophy of science. Recognizing that theory and data are mediated by data domains (bordered data sets produced by scientific instruments), he argues that the use of instruments breaks the dependency of observation on theory and thus creates a reasoned basis for scientific objectivity. Originally published in 1985. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist (...)
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  37.  26
    Incalculable Instrumental Value in the Endangered Species Act.Ian A. Smith - 2022 - Philosophia 50 (5):2249-2262.
    The Endangered Species Act of 1973 is one of America’s most powerful statutes, not only in American domestic environmental law, but in American domestic law in general. The first part of the ESA gives us the ‘Findings, Purposes, and Policy’ that underlie the Act. In this prefratory language, it is explicit that the ESA is referring to instrumental aesthetic, ecological, educational, historical, recreational, and scientific values. But J. Baird Callicott and Andrew Wetzler argued that the ESA is also implicitly committed (...)
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  38. Instrumental Rationality Without Separability.Johanna Thoma - 2018 - Erkenntnis 85 (5):1219-1240.
    This paper argues that instrumental rationality is more permissive than expected utility theory. The most compelling instrumentalist argument in favour of separability, its core requirement, is that agents with non-separable preferences end up badly off by their own lights in some dynamic choice problems. I argue that once we focus on the question of whether agents’ attitudes to uncertain prospects help define their ends in their own right, or instead only assign instrumental value in virtue of the outcomes they may (...)
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  39.  4
    Instrument driven theory.W. W. Tryon - 1996 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 17 (1):21-30.
    Instruments are mainly used to provide data for testing theoretical predictions. However, sometimes instrument development sets the occasion for profound theoretical changes which are totally unanticipated. This article presents examples of instrument driven theory derived from biology and physics as well as discussing implications for psychology. The role of theory in the design of instruments is considered.
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  40. Instrumental rationality in psychopathy: implications from learning tasks.Marko Jurjako & Luca Malatesti - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (5):717-731.
    The issue whether psychopathic offenders are practically rational has attracted philosophical attention. The problem is relevant in theoretical discussions on moral psychology and in those concerning the appropriate social response to the crimes of these individuals. We argue that classical and current experiments concerning the instrumental learning in psychopaths cannot directly support the conclusion that they have impaired instrumental rationality, construed as the ability for transferring the motivation by means-ends reasoning. In fact, we defend the different claim that these experiments (...)
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  41.  10
    The Instrumentalization of CSR by Rent-Seeking Governments: Lessons From Tanzania.Eva Nilsson - 2023 - Business and Society 62 (6):1173-1200.
    This article examines how corporate social responsibility (CSR) can serve as an external source of rents for governments that depend on foreign financing for state-building and development. The strategic, instrumental use of CSR has been overlooked in previous research on governments and CSR, especially in the Global South. To understand how CSR can serve as a lever for rents, the concept of “extraversion” is introduced to describe the way in which rent-seeking African governments instrumentalize their asymmetric external relations for political (...)
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  42.  27
    Christian Instrumentality of Sport as a Possible Source of Goodness for Atheists.Ivo Jirásek - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (1):30-49.
    The aim of this paper is to differentiate between religion and spirituality more strictly, or, specifically, between the religious and spiritual aspects of sport. The text is written in an autoethnographic genre from an ‘outsider’ position, by an author who is not Christian. Religion, including Christianity, represents a connectedness between the natural world and an ontologically different reality and its transcendence towards the sacrum. But spirituality is the centre of the human way of being and a manifestation of personality. So (...)
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  43.  49
    Nonaddictive instrumental drug use: Theoretical strengths and weaknesses.Andrew J. Goudie, Matthew J. Gullo, Abigail K. Rose, Paul Christiansen, Jonathan C. Cole, Matt Field & Harry Sumnall - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (6):314-315.
    The potential to instrumentalize drug use based upon the detection of very many different drug states undoubtedly exists, and such states may play a role in psychiatric and many other drug uses. Nevertheless, nonaddictive drug use is potentially more parsimoniously explained in terms of sensation seeking/impulsivity and drug expectations. Cultural factors also play a major role in nonaddictive drug use.
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  44.  88
    Instrumental Biology, or the Disunity of Science.Alexander Rosenberg - 1994 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Do the sciences aim to uncover the structure of nature, or are they ultimately a practical means of controlling our environment? In Instrumental Biology, or the Disunity of Science, Alexander Rosenberg argues that while physics and chemistry can develop laws that reveal the structure of natural phenomena, biology is fated to be a practical, instrumental discipline. Because of the complexity produced by natural selection, and because of the limits on human cognition, scientists are prevented from uncovering the basic structure of (...)
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  45.  4
    When instrumental inference hides behind seemingly arbitrary conventions.Edgar Dubourg, Léo Fitouchi & Nicolas Baumard - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e256.
    We review recent evidence that game rules, rules of etiquette, and supernatural beliefs, that the authors see as “ritualistic” conventions, are in fact shaped by instrumental inference. In line with such examples, we contend that cultural practices that may appear, from the outside, to be devoid of instrumental utility, could in fact be selectively acquired and preserved because of their perceived utility.
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  46. Instrumental values – strong and weak.Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen - 2002 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (1):23 - 43.
    What does it mean that an object has instrumental value? While some writers seem to think it means that the object bears a value, and that instrumental value accordingly is a kind of value, other writers seem to think that the object is not a value bearer but is only what is conducive to something of value. Contrary to what is the general view among philosophers of value, I argue that if instrumental value is a kind of value, then it (...)
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  47.  18
    Philosophical Instruments: Minds and Tools at Work.Daniel Rothbart & Rom Harre - 2007 - University of Illinois Press.
    In Philosophical Instruments Daniel Rothbart argues that our tools are not just neutral intermediaries between humans and the natural world, but are devices that demand new ideas about reality.
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  48.  17
    Instruments for the Legal Protection of Digitized Cultural Heritage in Colombia.Karen Isabel Cabrera Peña, Yamile Andrea Montenegro Jaramillo & Angie Marcela Cabrera Peña - 2023 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 36 (5):1925-1944.
    Considering that culture is the product of creative and human processes, it is believed that intellectual property is a legal tool that allows for its protection given that it helps conserve, safeguard and preserve its tangible and/or intangible assets. In the case of digital heritage, which is made up of digital elements that should be preserved due to their cultural value, some challenges have arisen regarding their legal protection. One of these challenges is the lack of clarity about how the (...)
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  49.  33
    An instrument to measure adherence to the Protestant Ethic and contemporary work values.F. Stanford Wayne - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (10):793-804.
    The problem of the current research is to develop an instrument that accurately measures individuals' adherence or nonadherence to both Protestant Ethic and contemporary work values. The study confirms that the traditional Protestant Ethic work values and the contemporary work values are different and the instrument used to measure the work values that individuals actually support is valid and reliable. Two scales were developed based on Protestant Ethic work values and contemporary work values. A four-point Likert scale was used to (...)
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  50.  37
    Instruments of Judgment: Inscribing Organic Processes in Late Eighteenth-Century Germany.Joan Steigerwald - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (1):79-131.
    The paper argues for the importance to Kant's critique of judgment of epistemological reflections upon the problematics of experimentation on organic processes. It examines the investigations of generation by Wolff and Blumenbach, demonstrating how their experimental practices mediated reflectively between organic phenomena and their conceptualisation, acting as instruments of their judgments of these processes. It then reads Kant's ‘Kritik der teleologischen Urteilskraft’ in light of these experimental investigations, arguing that Kant highlights how the problematic relation between organic phenomena and their (...)
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