Results for 'individual patients'

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  1.  32
    Individual patient advocacy, collective responsibility and activism within professional nursing associations.Margaret Mahlin - 2010 - Nursing Ethics 17 (2):247-254.
    The systemic difficulties of health care in the USA have brought to light another issue in nurse—patient advocacy — those who require care yet have inadequate or non-existent access. Patient advocacy has focused on individual nurses who in turn advocate for individual patients, yet, while supporting individual patients is a worthy goal of patient advocacy, systemic problems cannot be adequately addressed in this way. The difficulties nurses face when advocating for patients is well documented (...)
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  2.  19
    Individual patient data meta‐analysis of randomized anti‐epileptic drug monotherapy trials.Paula R. Williamson, Anthony G. Marson, Catrin Tudur, Jane L. Hutton & David Chadwick - 2000 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (2):205-214.
  3.  33
    Meta‐analyses using individual patient data.Michael J. Clarke & Lesley A. Stewart - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (3):207-212.
  4.  31
    Documentation of individualized patient care: a qualitative metasynthesis.Oili Kärkkäinen, Terese Bondas & Katie Eriksson - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (2):123-132.
    The aim of this study was to increase understanding of how individual patient care and the ethical principles prescribed for nursing care are implemented in nursing documentation. The method used was a metasynthesis of the results of 14 qualitative research reports. The results indicate that individualized patient care is not visible in nurses’ documentation of care. It seems that nurses describe their tasks more frequently than patients’ experiences of their care. The results also show that the structure of (...)
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  5.  28
    User‐driven health care – answering multidimensional information needs in individual patients utilizing post–EBM approaches: a conceptual model.Rakesh Biswas, Carmel M. Martin, Joachim Sturmberg, Ravi Shanker, Shashikiran Umakanth, Shiv Shanker & A. S. Kasturi - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):742-749.
  6. Hymen 'restoration' in cultures of oppression: how can physicians promote individual patient welfare without becoming complicit in the perpetuation of unjust social norms?Brian D. Earp - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (6):431-431.
    In this issue, Ahmadi1 reports on the practice of hymenoplasty—a surgical intervention meant to restore a presumed physical marker of virginity prior to a woman's marriage. As Mehri and Sills2 have stated, these women ‘want to ensure that blood is spilled on their wedding night sheets.’ Although Ahmadi's research was carried out in Iran specifically, this surgery is becoming increasingly popular in a number of Western countries as well, especially among Muslim populations.3 What are the ethics of hymen restoration?Consider the (...)
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  7.  33
    An overview of methods and empirical comparison of aggregate data and individual patient data results for investigating heterogeneity in meta‐analysis of time‐to‐event outcomes.Catrin Tudur Smith, Paula R. Williamson & Anthony G. Marson - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (5):468-478.
  8.  23
    User‐driven health care: answering multidimensional information needs in individual patients utilizing post–EBM approaches: an operational model.Rakesh Biswas, Jayanthy Maniam, Edwin Wen Huo Lee, Premalatha Gopal, Shashikiran Umakanth, Sumit Dahiya & Sayeed Ahmed - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):750-760.
  9.  4
    In the Absence of Effects: An Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis of Non-response and Its Predictors in Internet-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy.Alexander Rozental, Gerhard Andersson & Per Carlbring - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  10.  9
    Individual Complicity: The Tortured Patient.Chiara Lepora - 2013 - In Chiara Lepora & Robert Goodin (eds.), On complicity and compromise. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Medical complicity in torture is prohibited by international law and codes of professional ethics. But in the many countries in which torture is common, doctors frequently are expected to assist unethical acts that they are unable to prevent. Sometimes these doctors face a dilemma: they are asked to provide diagnoses or treatments that respond to genuine health needs but that also make further torture more likely or more effective. The duty to avoid complicity in torture then comes into conflict with (...)
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  11.  9
    Preventive Genomic Sequencing and Care of the Individual Patient.Danton Char - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (7):32-33.
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  12.  5
    Commentary: patient well-being and individual outcomes in the medical practice: impulses from philosophy.Gernot Rüter & Thomas Fröhlich - 2019 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 14 (1):1-7.
    In an everyday private practice setting, regularly also existential topics will emerge from doctor-patient encounters. These are often questions of coping with life and lifestyle. To enable a thorough discussion of such topics, an implicit, and sometimes also explicit reference to a philosophical background is needed. Philosophical concepts to be used in this realm are discussed. An individual patient-doctor interaction is used as an example to demonstrate the doctor’s choice of hermeneutical and phenomenological philosophical concepts.
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  13.  28
    Patients’ perceived purpose of clinical informed consent: Mill’s individual autonomy model is preferred.Muhammad M. Hammami, Eman A. Al-Gaai, Yussuf Al-Jawarneh, Hala Amer, Muhammad B. Hammami, Abdullah Eissa & Mohammad A. Qadire - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):2.
    Although informed consent is an integral part of clinical practice, its current doctrine remains mostly a matter of law and mainstream ethics rather than empirical research. There are scarce empirical data on patients’ perceived purpose of informed consent, which may include administrative routine/courtesy gesture, simple honest permission, informed permission, patient-clinician shared decision-making, and enabling patient’s self decision-making. Different purposes require different processes.
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  14.  1
    Commentary: patient well-being and individual outcomes in the medical practice: impulses from philosophy.Gernot Rüter & Thomas Fröhlich - 2019 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 14 (1):1-7.
    In an everyday private practice setting, regularly also existential topics will emerge from doctor-patient encounters. These are often questions of coping with life and lifestyle. To enable a thorough discussion of such topics, an implicit, and sometimes also explicit reference to a philosophical background is needed. Philosophical concepts to be used in this realm are discussed. An individual patient-doctor interaction is used as an example to demonstrate the doctor’s choice of hermeneutical and phenomenological philosophical concepts.
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  15.  5
    Patient Representation: Mind the Gap Between Individual and Collective Claims.Karin R. Jongsma & Silke Schicktanz - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (4):28-30.
    With the increasing attention paid to patient participation in both health care policy-making and health care research, McCoy and colleagues (2020) point to a key ethical issue, namely the quest fo...
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  16.  12
    Individualized Care Scale-patient: A Spanish validation study.Beatriz Rodríguez-Martín, Raúl Martin-Martin & Riitta Suhonen - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (6):1791-1804.
    Background: I suggest this individualized care is a fundamental principle closely linked to nursing ethics and has important benefits for the patients, however, nurses do not always take into consideration the principles of individualized care. Moreover, there is no validated instrument to assess patients’ views of individualized care in Spanish-speaking countries. Objectives: To assess the validity and reliability of the Spanish version of the Individualized Care Scale-patient. Design: A cross-sectional study design was conducted. A questionnaire survey, including the (...)
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  17.  19
    Patient Advocacy and Professional Associations: individual and collective responsibilities.Jennifer Welchman & Glenn G. Griener - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (3):296-304.
    Professions have traditionally treated advocacy as a collective duty, best assigned to professional associations to perform. In North American nursing, advocacy for issues affecting identifiable patients is assigned instead to their nurses. We argue that nursing associations’ withdrawal from advocacy for patient care issues is detrimental to nurses and patients alike. Most nurses work in large institutions whose internal policies they cannot influence. When these create obstacles to good care, the inability of nurses to affect change can result (...)
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  18.  27
    Individualized treatment with transcranial direct current stimulation in patients with chronic non-fluent aphasia due to stroke.Priyanka P. Shah-Basak, Catherine Norise, Gabriella Garcia, Jose Torres, Olufunsho Faseyitan & Roy H. Hamilton - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  19.  60
    Helping patients and physicians reach individualized medical decisions: theory and application to prenatal diagnostic testing. [REVIEW]Edi Karni, Moshe Leshno & Sivan Rapaport - 2014 - Theory and Decision 76 (4):451-467.
    This paper presents a procedure designed to aid physicians and patients in the process of making medical decisions, and illustrates its implementation to aid pregnant women, who decided to undergo prenatal diagnostic test choose a physician to administer it. The procedure is based on a medical decision-making model of Karni (J Risk Uncertain 39: 1–16, 2009). This model accommodates the possibility that the decision maker’s risk attitudes may vary with her state of health and incorporates other costs, such as (...)
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  20.  49
    The individual rights of the difficult patient.Roy R. Reeves, Sharon P. Douglas, Rosa T. Garner, Marti D. Reynolds & Anita Silvers - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (2):13-15.
  21. Presenters or Patients? A Crucial Distinction in Individual Health Assessments.G. Owen Schaefer - 2018 - Asian Bioethics Review 10 (1):67-73.
    Individual health assessments (IHAs) for asymptomatic individuals provide a challenge to traditional distinctions between patient care and non-medical practice. They may involve undue radiation exposure, lead to false positives, and involve high out-of-pocket costs for recipients. A recent paper (Journal of the American College of Radiology 13(12): 1447–1457.e1, 2016) has criticised the use of IHAs and argued that recipients should be classified as ‘presenters’, not ‘patients’, to distinguish it from regular medical care. I critique this classificatory move, on (...)
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  22.  20
    Patient satisfaction profiling of individual physicians: impact of panel status.Harvey J. Murff, E. John Orav, Thomas H. Lee, David W. Bates & David G. Fairchild - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (4):553-561.
  23.  9
    Reining in patient and individual choice.Mark Sheehan - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (5):291-292.
    Patient choice, we might think, is the popular version of the ideas of informed consent and the principle of respect for autonomy and intimately connected to the politics of liberal individualism. There are various accounts to be given for why patient choice, in all its forms, has dominated thinking in bioethics and popular culture. All of them, I suggest, will make reference to the decline of paternalism. The bad old days of ‘doctor knows best’ are gone and were replaced by (...)
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  24.  7
    Accept the Patient as a Person: With His or Her Complete Individualization.Brian M. Cummings & John J. Paris - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (6):43-44.
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  25.  19
    Do we treat individuals as patients or as potential donors? A phenomenological study of healthcare professionals' experiences.A. Oroy, K. E. Stromskag & E. Gjengedal - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (2):163-175.
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  26.  71
    What German experts expect from individualized medicine: problems of uncertainty and future complication in physician–patient interaction.Arndt Heßling & Silke Schicktanz - 2012 - Clinical Ethics 7 (2):86-93.
    ‘Individualized medicine’ is an emerging paradigm in clinical life science research. We conducted a socio-empirical interview study in a leading German clinical research group, aiming at implementing ‘individualized medicine’ of colorectal cancer. The goal was to investigate moral and social issues related to physician–patient interaction and clinical care, and to identify the points raised, supported and rejected by the physicians and researchers. Up to now there has been only limited insight into how experts dedicated to individualized medicine view its problems. (...)
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  27. Patient advocacy in nursing: A concept analysis.Mohammad Abbasinia, Fazlollah Ahmadi & Anoshirvan Kazemnejad - 2020 - Nursing Ethics 27 (1):141-151.
    Background:The concept of patient advocacy is still poorly understood and not clearly conceptualized. Therefore, there is a gap between the ideal of patient advocacy and the reality of practice. In order to increase nursing actions as a patient advocate, a comprehensive and clear definition of this concept is necessary.Research objective:This study aimed to offer a comprehensive and clear definition of patient advocacy.Research design:A total of 46 articles and 2 books published between 1850 and 2016 and related to the concept of (...)
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  28.  27
    What German experts expect from individualized medicine: problems of uncertainty and future complication in physician-patient interaction.A. Hessling & S. Schicktanz - 2012 - Clinical Ethics 7 (2):86-93.
    ‘Individualized medicine’ is an emerging paradigm in clinical life science research. We conducted a socio-empirical interview study in a leading German clinical research group, aiming at implementing ‘individualized medicine’ of colorectal cancer. The goal was to investigate moral and social issues related to physician–patient interaction and clinical care, and to identify the points raised, supported and rejected by the physicians and researchers. Up to now there has been only limited insight into how experts dedicated to individualized medicine view its problems. (...)
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  29.  19
    The time course and characteristics of procedural learning in schizophrenia patients and healthy individuals.Yael Adini, Yoram S. Bonneh, Seva Komm, Lisa Deutsch & David Israeli - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  30. Biomedical Signal Processing--Time Series Analysis-The Use of Multivariate Autoregressive Modelling for Analyzing Dynamical Physiological Responses of Individual Critically Ill Patients.Kristien Van Aerts Loon, Geert Berghe Meyfroidt & Daniel Berckmans - 2006 - In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 285-297.
  31. The Aliki Initiative at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center. Teaching residents to know their patients as individuals: the Aliki Initiative at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center.N. Ratanawongsa, C. S. Rand & C. F. Magill - 2009 - Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc 72 (3):4 - 11.
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  32. Metrics of Patient, Public, Consumer, and Community Engagement in Healthcare Systems: How Should We Define Engagement, What Are We Measuring, and Does It Matter for Patient Care? Comment on "Metrics and Evaluation Tools for Patient Engagement in Healthcare Organization- and System-Level Decision-Making: A Systematic Review". [REVIEW]Zackary Berger - 2018 - International Journal of Health Policy and Management 8:49-50.
    In a rigorous systematic review, Dukhanin and colleagues categorize metrics and evaluative tools of the engagement of patient, public, consumer, and community in decision-making in healthcare institutions and systems. The review itself is ably done and the categorizations lead to a useful understanding of the necessary elements of engagement, and a suite of measures relevant to implementing engagement in systems. Nevertheless, the question remains whether the engagement of patient representatives in institutional or systemic deliberations will lead to improved clinical outcomes (...)
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  33.  15
    Le patient comme catégorie de pensée.Todd Meyers - 2010 - Archives de Philosophie 73 (4):687-701.
    Cet article part du compte rendu ethnographique d’un traitement clinique aux États-Unis pour examiner comment « le patient » est imaginé et réalisé dans le travail médical. L’article avance que le patient n’est ni seulement une position-de-sujet occupée par l’individu qui fait l’expérience de la maladie ou du désordre, ni purement un objet d’intervention médicale, mais plutôt que le patient est une catégorie de pensée, partagée par ceux qui cherchent une guérison et ceux qui l’offrent. De ce point de vue, (...)
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  34. For the Patient's Good: The Restoration of Beneficence in Health Care.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
    In this companion volume to their 1981 work, A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice, Pellegrino and Thomasma examine the principle of beneficence and its role in the practice of medicine. Their analysis, which is grounded in a thorough-going philosophy of medicine, addresses a wide array of practical and ethical concerns that are a part of health care decision-making today. Among these issues are the withdrawing and withholding of nutrition and hydration, competency assessment, the requirements for valid surrogate decision-making, quality-of-life determinations, (...)
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  35. Expensive Patients, Reinsurance, and the Future of Health Care Reform.Govind Persad - 2019 - Emory Law Journal 69.
    In 2017, Americans spent over $3.4 trillion-nearly 18% of gross domestic poduct-on health care. This spending is unevenly distributed: Almost a quarter is spent on the costliest 1% of patients, and almost half on the costliest 5%. Most of these patients soon return to a lower percentile, but many continue to incur health care costs in the top percentiles year after year. This Article focuses on the challenges that persistently expensive patients present for health law and policy, (...)
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  36. Patients' autonomy: Three models of the professional-lay relationship in medicine.David T. Ozar - 1984 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (1).
    Health care is not merely a matter of individual encounters between patients and physicians or other health care personnel. For patients and those who provide health care come to these encounters already possessed of learned habits of perception and judgment, valuation and action, which define their roles in relation to one another and affect every aspect of their encounter. So the presuppositions of these encounters must be examined if our understanding of patients' autonomy is to be (...)
     
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  37.  32
    Acknowledging awareness: informing families of individual research results for patients in the vegetative state.Mackenzie Graham, Charles Weijer, Andrew Peterson, Lorina Naci, Damian Cruse, Davinia Fernández-Espejo, Laura Gonzalez-Lara & Adrian M. Owen - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (7):534-538.
  38. The Patient.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
    As a science and practice of intervention and control, medicine is concerned with cure and care, the promotion and protection of health, and the prevention of maladies and human suffering. This wide-ranging task is accomplished through medical practice and medical research, though no sharp boundary between them can be drawn. A widespread misconception about medicine has it that medicine is concerned with illness and disease. However, the subject of medicine is the patient, i.e., Homo patiens, but not illness or disease, (...)
     
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  39.  10
    Patient’s lived experience with DBS between medical research and care: some legal implications.Sonia Desmoulin-Canselier - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (3):375-386.
    In the past 50 years, an ethical-legal boundary has been drawn between treatment and research. It is based on the reasoning that the two activities pursue different purposes. Treatment is aimed at achieving optimal therapeutic benefits for the individual patient, whereas the goal of scientific research is to increase knowledge, in the public interest. From this viewpoint, the patient’s experience should be clearly distinguished from that of a participant in a clinical trial. On this premise, two parallel and mutually (...)
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  40.  57
    Patients, Politics, and Power: Government Failure and the Politicization of U.K. Health Care.J. Meadowcroft - 2008 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (5):427-444.
    This article examines the consequences of the politicization of health care in the United Kingdom following the creation of the National Health Service (NHS) in 1948. The NHS is founded on the principle of universal access to health care free at the point of use but in reality charges exist for some services and other services are rationed. Not to charge and/or ration would create a common-pool resource with no means of conserving scarce resources. Taking rationing decisions in the political (...)
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  41.  13
    A Reduction in Pain Intensity Is More Strongly Associated With Improved Physical Functioning in Frustration Tolerant Individuals: A Longitudinal Moderation Study in Chronic Pain Patients.Carlos Suso-Ribera, Laura Camacho-Guerrero, Jorge Osma, Santiago Suso-Vergara & David Gallardo-Pujol - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  42.  24
    Language deficits, localization, and grammar: Evidence for a distributive model of language breakdown in aphasic patients and neurologically intact individuals.Frederic Dick, Elizabeth Bates, Beverly Wulfeck, Jennifer Aydelott Utman, Nina Dronkers & Morton Ann Gernsbacher - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (4):759-788.
  43.  10
    A comparison of eyelid responses conditioned with reflex and voluntary reinforcement in normal individuals and in psychiatric patients.H. E. King & C. Landis - 1943 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 33 (3):210.
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  44.  57
    Patient autonomy and choice in healthcare: self-testing devices as a case in point.Anna-Marie Greaney, Dónal P. O’Mathúna & P. Anne Scott - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (4):383-395.
    This paper aims to critique the phenomenon of advanced patient autonomy and choice in healthcare within the specific context of self-testing devices. A growing number of self-testing medical devices are currently available for home use. The premise underpinning many of these devices is that they assist individuals to be more autonomous in the assessment and management of their health. Increased patient autonomy is assumed to be a good thing. We take issue with this assumption and argue that self-testing provides a (...)
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  45.  54
    Treating patients as persons: A capabilities approach to support delivery of person-centered care.Vikki A. Entwistle & Ian S. Watt - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (8):29-39.
    Health services internationally struggle to ensure health care is ?person-centered? (or similar). In part, this is because there are many interpretations of ?person-centered care? (and near synonyms), some of which seem unrealistic for some patients or situations and obscure the intrinsic value of patients? experiences of health care delivery. The general concern behind calls for person-centered care is an ethical one: Patients should be ?treated as persons.? We made novel use of insights from the capabilities approach to (...)
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  46.  37
    Patient dignity and its related factors in heart failure patients.H. Bagheri, F. Yaghmaei, T. Ashktorab & F. Zayeri - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (3):316-327.
    Maintenance and promotion of patient dignity is an ethical responsibility of healthcare workers. The aim of this study was to investigate patient dignity and related factors in patients with heart failure. In this qualitative study, 22 patients with heart failure were chosen by purposive sampling and semi-structured interviews were conducted until data saturation. Factors related to patient dignity were divided into two main categories: patient/care index and resources. Intrapersonal features (inherent characteristics and individual beliefs) and interpersonal interactions (...)
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  47.  1
    Study Protocol for the Evaluation of Individual Psychological Interventions for Family Caregivers of Advanced Cancer Patients.Min Yang, Rui Sun, Yanfeng Wang, Haiyan Xu, Baohua Zou, Yanmin Yang, Minghua Cong, Yadi Zheng, Lei Yu, Fei Ma, Tinglin Qiu & Jiang Li - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Background: Both anxiety and depression in family caregivers of advanced cancer patients are common, and they have a negative influence on both the FCs and the patients. Some studies suggested that a variety of interventions could alleviate the psychological symptoms of FCs. However, there is no consensus on much more effective methods for intervention, and relatively high-quality research is blank in psychological problems of these population in China. The validity of mindfulness-based stress reduction and psychological consultation guided by (...)
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  48.  16
    Patients rebuilt: Dr Auguste Rollier's heliotherapeutic portraits, c.1903–1944.Tania Anne Woloshyn - 2013 - Medical Humanities 39 (1):38-46.
    This article explores and critically contextualises the photographic production of heliotherapist Auguste Rollier (1874–1954), specifically the ‘patient portraits’ photographed at his Leysin sanatoria over a substantial period of four decades, c.1903–1944. It argues that these photographs, ignored in secondary literature, were particularly persuasive in communicating the natural healing powers of sunlight and through their international dissemination brought Rollier's work professional acclaim and prestige. Always presenting anonymous patients, and most often children, the images produced for Rollier's work interweave aesthetic and (...)
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  49. ’Jumping to conclusions’ data-gathering bias in psychosis and other psychiatric disorders - Two meta-analyses of comparisons between patients and healthy individuals.S. H. So, N. Y. Siu, H. L. Wong, W. Chan & P. A. Garety - 2016 - Clinical Psychology Review 46:151–67.
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  50. Beyond Individual Triage: Regional Allocation of Life-Saving Resources such as Ventilators in Public Health Emergencies.Jonathan Pugh, Dominic Wilkinson, Cesar Palacios-Gonzalez & Julian Savulescu - 2021 - Health Care Analysis 29 (4):263-282.
    In the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare workers in some countries were forced to make distressing triaging decisions about which individual patients should receive potentially life-saving treatment. Much of the ethical discussion prompted by the pandemic has concerned which moral principles should ground our response to these individual triage questions. In this paper we aim to broaden the scope of this discussion by considering the ethics of broader structural allocation decisions raised by the COVID-19 pandemic. (...)
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