Results for 'history and philosophy of science'

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  1.  5
    Integrated History and Philosophy of Science: Problems, Perspectives, and Case Studies.Friedrich Stadler (ed.) - 2017 - Springer Verlag.
    This book features papers on the history and philosophy of science. It also includes related reviews of recent research literature on Rudolf Carnap, Eino Kaila, Ernst Mach, and Otto Neurath. The central idea behind this volume is that this distinctive field is both historical and philosophical at the same time. Good history and philosophy of science is not just history of science into which some philosophy of science may enter. On (...)
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  2.  45
    History and Philosophy of Science and the Teaching of Evolution: Students’ Conceptions and Explanations.Kostas Kampourakis & Ross H. Nehm - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 377-399.
    A large body of work in science education indicates that evolution is one of the least understood and accepted scientific theories. Although scholarship from the history and philosophy of science (HPS) has shed light on many conceptual and pedagogical issues in evolution education, HPS-informed studies of evolution education are also characterized by conceptual weaknesses. In this chapter, we critically review such studies and find that some work lacks historically accurate characterizations of student ideas (preconceptions and misconceptions). (...)
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  3.  27
    Using History and Philosophy of Science to Promote Students’ Argumentation.Pablo Antonio Archila - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (9-10):1201-1226.
    This article describes the effect of a teaching–learning sequence based on the discovery of oxygen in promoting students’ argumentation. It examines the written and oral arguments produced by 63 high school students in France during a complete TLS supervised by the same teacher. The data used in this analysis was derived from students’ written responses, audio and video recordings, and written field notes. The first goal of this investigation was to provide evidence that an approach combining history and (...) of science and argumentation could increase students’ awareness of the relevance of experimentation and communication to scientific progress. The second goal was to assess the effectiveness of the TLS to engage students in argumentative classroom interactions relating to the discovery of oxygen at the end of the 18th century. The findings show that this historical case can be useful for promoting students’ argumentation and is also appropriate for high school students. Future research should include students of other ages, other historical episodes and experiences in other parts of the world. (shrink)
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  4. History and Philosophy of Science: Intimate Relationship or Marriage of Convenience? "Historical and Philosophical Perspectives of Science, Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science", 5). [REVIEW]Ronald N. Giere - 1973 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 24:282.
  5.  26
    Doing Integrated History and Philosophy of Science: A Case Study of the Origin of Genetics.Yafeng Shan - 2020 - Cham: Springer.
    This book offers an integrated historical and philosophical examination of the origin of genetics. The author contends that an integrated HPS analysis helps us to have a better understanding of the history of genetics, and sheds light on some general issues in the philosophy of science. This book consists of three parts. It begins with historical problems, revisiting the significance of the work of Mendel, de Vries, and Weldon. Then it turns to integrated HPS problems, developing an (...)
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  6.  2
    Integrating History and Philosophy of Science: Problems and Prospects.Seymour H. Mauskopf & Tad M. Schmaltz (eds.) - 2011 - Springer Verlag.
  7.  20
    History and Philosophy of Science After the Practice-Turn: From Inherent Tension to Local Integration.Max Dresow - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 82:57-65.
  8.  36
    History and Philosophy of Science and the Teaching of Science in England.John L. Taylor & Andrew Hunt - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 2045-2081.
    This chapter relates a broadly chronological story of the developments over the last 50 years that have sought to reshape the science curriculum in English schools by introducing aspects of the history of science and nature of science. The chapter highlights key curriculum projects by outlining the contexts in which they developed and summarising their rationales as set out in their publications. It also provides signposts to some of the reports of research and scholarship that have (...)
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  9.  9
    History and Philosophy of Science. Zwischen Deskription und Konstruktion.Friedrich Stadler - 2012 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 35 (3):217-238.
    History and Philosophy of Science. Between Description and Construction. Taking into consideration the huge amount of programs and departments in ‘History and Philosophy of Science’ , partly including also technology and sociology of science, the rather weak theoretical conceptualization of this field seems surprising. HPS is conceived of neither as a mere addition of history of science and philosophy of science, nor as a good will parallel action. Therefore, the (...)
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  10.  33
    History and Philosophy of Science in a New Key.Michael Friedman - 2008 - Isis 99:125-134.
    This essay considers the relationship between history of science and philosophy of science from Thomas Kuhn to the present. This relationship, of course, has often been troubled, but there is now new hope for an ongoing productive interaction—due to an increasing awareness, among other things, of the mutual entanglement between the development of modern science and the development of modern philosophy on the part of both professional philosophers and professional historians of science. This (...)
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  11.  33
    Is History and Philosophy of Science Withering on the Vine?Steve Fuller - 1991 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (2):149-174.
    Nearly thirty years after the first stirrings of the Kuhnian revolution, history and philosophy of science continues to galvanize methodological discussions in all corners of the academy except its own. Evidence for this domestic stagnation appears in Warren Schmaus's thoughtful review of Social Epistemology in which Schmaus takes for granted that history of science is the ultimate court of appeal for disputes between philosophers and sociologists. As against this, this essay argues that such disputes may (...)
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  12.  23
    History and Philosophy of Science: A Phylogenetic Approach.James G. Lennox - unknown
    Kuhn closed the Introduction to The Structure of Scientific Revolutions with what was clearly intended as a rhetorical question: How could history of science fail to be a source of phenomena to which theories about knowledge may legitimately be asked to apply? (Kuhn 1970, 9) This paper argues that there is a more fruitful way of conceiving the relationship between a historical and philosophical study of science, which is dubbed the 'phylogenetic' approach. I sketch an example of (...)
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  13.  34
    History and Philosophy of Science: A Marriage of Convenience?Ernan McMullin - 1974 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1974:585 - 601.
  14. History and Philosophy of Science as a Continuation of Science by Other Means.Hasok Chang - 1999 - Science & Education 8 (4):413-425.
  15.  34
    History and Philosophy of Science in Science Education, in Brazil.Roberto de Andrade Martins, Cibelle Celestino Silva & Maria Elice Brzezinski Prestes - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 2271-2299.
    This paper addresses the context of emergence, development, and current status of the use of history and philosophy of science in science education in Brazil. After a short overview of the three areas (history of science, philosophy of science, and science education) in Brazil, the paper focuses on the application of this approach to teaching physics, chemistry, and biology at the secondary school level. The first Brazilian researches along this line appeared (...)
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  16.  20
    History and Philosophy of Science Through Models: The Case of Chemical Kinetics.Rosária Justi & John K. Gilbert - 1999 - Science & Education 8 (3):287-307.
  17.  37
    Between History and Philosophy of Science: The Relationship Between Kuhn’s Black-Body Theory and Structure.Adam Timmins - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (2):371-387.
  18.  9
    Why history and philosophy of science matters.Luciano Boschiero - 2020 - Metascience 29 (1):1-4.
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  19. Science Teaching: The Role of History and Philosophy of Science.Michael R. Matthews - 1994 - Routledge.
    History, Philosophy and Science Teaching argues that science teaching and science teacher education can be improved if teachers know something of the history and philosophy of science and if these topics are included in the science curriculum. The history and philosophy of science have important roles in many of the theoretical issues that science educators need to address: the goals of science education; what constitutes an appropriate (...)
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  20.  32
    Ten Problems in History and Philosophy of Science.Peter Galison - 2008 - Isis 99:111-124.
    In surveying the field of history and philosophy of science , it may be more useful just now to pose some key questions than it would be to lay out the sundry competing attempts to unify H and P. The ten problems this essay presents are grounded in a range of work of enormous interest—historical and philosophical work that has made use of productive categories of analysis: context, historicism, purity, and microhistory, to name but a few. What (...)
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  21. Placing the History and Philosophy of Science on the Curriculum: A Model for the Development of Pedagogy.Martin Monk & Jonathan Osborne - 1997 - Science Education 81 (4):405-424.
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  22.  8
    History and Philosophy of Science Courses for Science Students.Kostas Kampourakis - 2017 - Science & Education 26 (6):611-612.
  23.  17
    History and Philosophy of Science.Lewis William Halsey Hull - 1959 - New York: Longmans, Green.
  24. Experiments in History and Philosophy of Science.Friedrich Steinle - 2002 - Perspectives on Science 10 (4):408-432.
    : The increasing attention on experiment in the last two decades has led to important insights into its material, cultural and social dimensions. However, the role of experiment as a tool for generating knowledge has been comparatively poorly studied. What questions are asked in experimental research? How are they treated and eventually resolved? And how do questions, epistemic situations, and experimental activity cohere and shape each other? In my paper, I treat these problems on the basis of detailed studies of (...)
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  25. Scientific Realism in the Wild: An Empirical Study of Seven Sciences and History and Philosophy of Science.James R. Beebe & Finnur Dellsén - 2020 - Philosophy of Science 87 (2):336-364.
    We report the results of a study that investigated the views of researchers working in seven scientific disciplines and in history and philosophy of science in regard to four hypothesized dimensions of scientific realism. Among other things, we found that natural scientists tended to express more strongly realist views than social scientists, that history and philosophy of science scholars tended to express more antirealist views than natural scientists, that van Fraassen’s characterization of scientific realism (...)
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  26.  7
    A History and Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Peter T. Manicas - 1987 - Blackwell.
  27.  2
    History and Philosophy of Science as an Interdisciplinary Field of Problem Transfers.Henrik Thorén - 2014 - In Hanne Andersen, Nancy J. Nersessian & Susann Wagenknecht (eds.), Empirical Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag.
    In this paper we return to Ronald Giere and his claim that history of science as a discipline cannot contribute to philosophy of science by providing, partial or whole, solutions to philosophical problems. Let us suppose that Giere was right. Would the implication be that there can be no genuine interdisciplinarity between the two disciplines? In answering this question it is first suggested that connections between disciplines can be formed around the transfer and sharing of problems (...)
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  28. History and Philosophy of Science History.David Marshall Miller - 2011 - In Tad M. Schmaltz & Seymour Mauskopf (eds.), Integrating History and Philosophy of Science, Problems and Prospects. Springer. pp. 29-48.
    Science lies at the intersection of ideas and society, at the heart of the modern human experience. The study of past science should therefore be central to our humanistic attempt to know ourselves. Nevertheless, past science is not studied as an integral whole, but from two very different and divergent perspectives: the intellectual history of science, which focuses on the development of ideas and arguments, and the social history of science, which focuses on (...)
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  29.  29
    Finding the History and Philosophy of Science.Scott B. Weingart - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (1):201-213.
    History of science and philosophy of science have experienced a somewhat turbulent relationship over the last century. At times it has been said that philosophy needs history, or that history needs philosophy. Very occasionally, something entirely new is said to need them both. Often, however, their relationship is seen as little more than a marriage of convenience. This article explores that marriage by analyzing the citations of over 7,000 historians, philosophers, and sociologists (...)
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  30. Hermann Cohen’s History and Philosophy of Science.Lydia Patton - 2004 - Dissertation, McGill University
    In my dissertation, I present Hermann Cohen's foundation for the history and philosophy of science. My investigation begins with Cohen's formulation of a neo-Kantian epistemology. I analyze Cohen's early work, especially his contributions to 19th century debates about the theory of knowledge. I conclude by examining Cohen's mature theory of science in two works, The Principle of the Infinitesimal Method and its History of 1883, and Cohen's extensive 1914 Introduction to Friedrich Lange's History of (...)
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  31.  1
    History and Philosophy of Science in a New Key.Michael Friedman - 2008 - Isis 99 (1):125-134.
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  32. History and Philosophy of Science: Coherent Programme at Last?: Seymour Mauskopf and Tad Schmaltz : Integrating History and Philosophy of Science: Problems and Prospects. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 263. Heidelberg: Springer, 249pp, €99.95. [REVIEW]Samuel Schindler - 2013 - Metascience 22 (2):457-460.
  33.  60
    The Birth of History and Philosophy of Science: Kepler’s a Defence of Tycho Against Ursus with Essays on its Provenance and Significance.Nicholas Jardine - 1984 - Cambridge University Press.
    Nicholas Jardine offers here an edition and the first translation into English of Johannes Kepler's A Defence of Tycho against Ursus. He accompanies this with essays on the provenance of the treatise - the circumstances which provoked Kepler to write it, an analysis of its strategy, style and historical sources and of the contents of Ursus' Treatise on Astronomical Hypotheses to which Kepler was replying. Dr Jardine also provides three extended interpretive essays on the intrinsic interest and historical significance of (...)
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  34.  2
    History and Philosophy of Science as a Field of Philosophical Researh. Stadler, F. . . Integrated History and Philosophy of Science: Problems, Perspectives, and Case Studies. . Vienna: Springer. [REVIEW]Volodymyr Ratnikov - 2019 - Sententiae 38 (2):98-107.
    Review of the book Stadler, F. (Ed.). (2017). Integrated History and Philosophy of Science: Problems, Perspectives, and Case Studies. (Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook, vol. 20). Vienna: Springer.
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  35.  80
    The History and Philosophy of Taxonomy as an Information Science.Catherine Kendig & Joeri Witteveen - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (3):1-9.
    We undeniably live in an information age—as, indeed, did those who lived before us. After all, as the cultural historian Robert Darnton pointed out: ‘every age was an age of information, each in its own way’ (Darnton 2000: 1). Darnton was referring to the news media, but his insight surely also applies to the sciences. The practices of acquiring, storing, labeling, organizing, retrieving, mobilizing, and integrating data about the natural world has always been an enabling aspect of scientific work. Natural (...)
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  36.  19
    Integrating History and Philosophy of Science.Ernan McMullin - unknown
    Part One of the paper begins by recalling a historic conference in 1969 that argued the importance of work that would draw on both history and philosophy of science, two academic fields that had in the previous decades distanced themselves from one another. It goes on to review the rather mixed success of that appeal in the years since then and to suggest the need for a forum that would encourage work of that kind, of the sort (...)
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  37.  81
    How History and Philosophy of Science and Medicine Could Save the Life of Bioethics.Rachel A. Ankeny - 2003 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 28 (1):115 – 125.
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  38.  6
    History and Philosophy of Science.Dudley Shapere - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (2):218-220.
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  39. Logic, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science Proceedings.Ernest Nagel & International Union of the History and Philosophy of Science - 1962 - Stanford University Press.
  40.  54
    Ways of Integrating History and Philosophy of Science.Theodore Arabatzis & Jutta Schickore - 2012 - Perspectives on Science 20 (4):395-408.
  41.  30
    History and Philosophy of Science: Some Anecdotal Memories.Gerd Buchdahl - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (1):5.
  42.  21
    Ten Problems in History and Philosophy of Science.Peter Galison - 2008 - Isis 99 (1):111-124.
  43.  46
    History and Philosophy of Science in Japanese Education: A Historical Overview.Yuko Murakami & Manabu Sumida - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 2217-2245.
    This article describes the historical development of HPS/NOS mainly in higher education. Because the establishment of universities in Japan in late-nineteenth century was a reaction against Western imperialism, higher education aimed to cultivate scientists and engineers with an emphasis on practical applications. This direction in higher science and engineering education continues into the present. It has conditioned elementary and secondary education via university entrance examinations, where no questions on NOS appear. Hence, HPS research and education has developed in Japanese (...)
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  44.  15
    Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science.E. McMullin - 1996
  45.  9
    Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science.Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem - 1996 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    "This volume assembles twelve texts published between 1892 and 1915.... The editors allow one to see the genesis of the ideas of Duhem, philosopher and historian, of the variety of his styles, and sometimes also the limits of his work.... A useful index, probably unique in the field of Duhemian studies, completes the book.... The English-language public may be assured an exemplary translation and a reliable critical apparatus." --Jean Gayon, _Revue d'Histoire des Sciences_.
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  46. History and Philosophy of Science: Selected Papers : Monthly Meetings, New York, 1979-1981, Selection of Papers.Joseph Warren Dauben & Virginia Staudt Sexton (eds.) - 1983 - New York Academy of Sciences.
  47.  37
    History and Philosophy of Science. L. W. H. Hull.Dudley Shapere - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (2):218-220.
  48. History and Philosophy of Science in the Journal of Baltic European Studies.Adolfas Mackonis - 2011 - Problemos 80:183-186.
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  49. History and Philosophy of Science for African Undergraduates.Helen Lauer (ed.) - 2003 - Ibadan, Nigeria: Hope Publications.
  50. Kuhn, Normativity and History and Philosophy of Science.Howard Sankey - 2012 - Epistemologia:103-111.
    This paper addresses the relationship between the history and philosophy of science by way of the issue of epistemic normativity. After brief discussion of the relationship between history and philosophy of science in Kuhn’s own thinking, the paper focuses on the implications of the history of science for epistemic normativity. There may be historical evidence for change of scientific methodology, which may seem to support a position of epistemic relativism. However, the fact (...)
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