Results for 'freedom of choice'

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  1.  23
    Freedom of Choice About Incidental Findings Can Frustrate Participants' True Preferences.Jennifer Viberg, Pär Segerdahl, Sophie Langenskiöld & Mats G. Hansson - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (3):203-209.
    Ethicists, regulators and researchers have struggled with the question of whether incidental findings in genomics studies should be disclosed to participants. In the ethical debate, a general consensus is that disclosed information should benefit participants. However, there is no agreement that genetic information will benefit participants, rather it may cause problems such as anxiety. One could get past this disagreement about disclosure of incidental findings by letting participants express their preferences in the consent form. We argue that this freedom (...)
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  2.  70
    Freedom of Choice and Expected Compromise.Johan E. Gustafsson - 2010 - Social Choice and Welfare 35 (1):65-79.
    This article develops a new measure of freedom of choice based on the proposal that a set offers more freedom of choice than another if, and only if, the expected degree of dissimilarity between a random alternative from the set of possible alternatives and the most similar offered alternative in the set is smaller. Furthermore, a version of this measure is developed, which is able to take into account the values of the possible options.
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  3. Freedom of Choice.Keith Dowding & Martin van Hees - 2009 - In Paul Anand, Prasanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.), Handbook of Rational and Social Choice. Oxford University Press.
     
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  4.  26
    Freedom of Choice, Community and Deliberation.Klas Roth - 2003 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 37 (3):393–413.
  5.  11
    Freedom of Choice and the Tobacco Endgame.Andreas T. Schmidt - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (1):77-84.
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  6. Freedom of Choice. Edited by Peter Wolff, with Assistance of Paule Simon [and] Desmond FitzGerald. Foreword by Mortimer J. Adler.Yves René Marie Simon - 1969 - New York: Fordham University Press.
    From the Foreward by Mortimer J. Adler Of all the question or issues concerning human freedom, none is more fundamental in itself and in its consequences than the problem of free choice; and none has been the subject of more persistent and, at the same time, apparently irresolvable controversyThis bookis the perfect antidote for the errors, the misunderstandings or worse, the ignorances that beset the modern discussion of free choice. Even the reader who comes to this book (...)
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  7. ‘All is Foreseen, and Freedom of Choice is Granted’: A Scotistic Examination of God's Freedom, Divine Foreknowledge and the Arbitrary Use of Power.Liran Shia Gordon - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (5):711-726.
    Following an Open conception of Divine Foreknowledge, that holds that man is endowed with genuine freedom and so the future is not definitely determined, it will be claimed that human freedom does not limit the divine power, but rather enhances it and presents us with a barrier against arbitrary use of that power. This reading will be implemented to reconcile a well-known quarrel between two important interpreters of Duns Scotus, Allan B. Wolter and Thomas Williams, each of whom (...)
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  8.  15
    Freedom of Choice and Freedom From Need.David P. Levine - 2011 - Public Reason 3 (2).
  9.  75
    Brain Correlates of Subjective Freedom of Choice.Elisa Filevich, Patricia Vanneste, Marcel Brass, Wim Fias, Patrick Haggard & Simone Kühn - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1271-1284.
    The subjective feeling of free choice is an important feature of human experience. Experimental tasks have typically studied free choice by contrasting free and instructed selection of response alternatives. These tasks have been criticised, and it remains unclear how they relate to the subjective feeling of freely choosing. We replicated previous findings of the fMRI correlates of free choice, defined objectively. We introduced a novel task in which participants could experience and report a graded sense of free (...)
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  10.  50
    Measures of Freedom of Choice.Karin Enflo - 2012 - Dissertation, Uppsala University
    The thesis studies the problem of measuring freedom of choice. It analyzes the concept of freedom of choice, discusses conditions that a measure should satisfy, and introduces a new class of measures that uniquely satisfy ten proposed conditions.
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  11. Freedom of Choice Affirmed.Corliss Lamont - 1967 - Science and Society 32 (2):234-238.
     
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  12. A Paradox for the Intrinsic Value of Freedom of Choice.Johan E. Gustafsson - 2020 - Noûs 54 (4):891-913.
    A standard liberal claim is that freedom of choice is not only instrumentally valuable but also intrinsically valuable, that is, valuable for its own sake. I argue that each one of five conditions is plausible if freedom of choice is intrinsically valuable. Yet there exists a counter-example to the conjunction of these conditions. Hence freedom of choice is not intrinsically valuable.
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  13.  25
    Freedom of Choice.R. C. Skinner - 1963 - Mind 72 (288):463-480.
  14.  64
    Autonomy and Freedom of Choice in Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis.Elisabeth Hildt - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (1):65-72.
    An increase in autonomy and freedom is often considered one ofthe main arguments in favour of a broad use of genetic testing.Starting from Gerald Dworkin's reflections on autonomy and choicethis article examines some of the implications which accompanythe increase in choices offered by prenatal genetic diagnosis.Although personal autonomy and individual choice are importantaspects in the legitimation of prenatal genetic diagnosis, itseems clear that an increase in choice offered by prenatalgenetic diagnosis also leads to various implications that maynegatively (...)
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  15. The Freedom of Choice for or Against the Basic Goods and Ends of Medicine: Physicians, Nurses, and Other Health Professionals as Agents in Tje Drama of Freedom.Josef Seifert - 2005 - Medicina y Ética 16:15-51.
    El siguiente texto es un fragmento del capítulo 4 del libro, en prensa, "Philosophical Diseases of Medicine and Their Cure" . Este pasaje seleccionado aborda la distinción analógica de los distintos tipos de fines y bienes que intervienen en el acto libre y que están íntimamente relacionados con el actuar médico.
     
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  16.  7
    Freedom of Choice Affirmed.John Somerville - 1970 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 31 (1):131-133.
  17. Freedom of Choice Affirmed-Reply.H. Selsam - 1968 - Science and Society 32 (4):444-447.
     
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  18.  17
    Freedom of Choice in Buridan's Moral Psychology.Jack Zupko - 1995 - Mediaeval Studies 57 (1):75-99.
  19.  22
    Freedom of Choice and the Tyranny of Desire.Gary F. Greif - 1993 - Journal of Value Inquiry 27 (2):187-195.
  20.  15
    Freedom of Choice.John H. Haddox - 1970 - New Scholasticism 44 (4):629-631.
  21.  12
    "Freedom of Choice Affirmed": A Discussion.Corliss Lamont & Howard Selsam - 1968 - Science and Society 32 (4):441 - 447.
  22.  18
    Freedom of Choice in the Pre-Determined Future.Gardner Williams - 1951 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 12 (1):130-134.
  23.  17
    Freedom of Choice.Paul Weiss - 1941 - Ethics 52 (2):186-199.
  24.  59
    Free Will, Freedom of Choice and Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration.D. A. Drubach, A. A. Rabinstein & J. Molano - 2011 - Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):238.
    The question whether human beings have free will has been debated by philosophers and theologians for thousands of years. More recently, neuroscientists have applied novel concepts and tools in neuroscience to address this question. We submit that human beings do have free will and the physiological substrate for its exercise is contained within neural networks. We discuss the potential neurobiology of free will by exploring volitionally initiated motor activity and the behavioural-response to a stimulus-response paradigm. We also submit that the (...)
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  25.  50
    A Comparison of American and Nepalese Children's Concepts of Freedom of Choice and Social Constraint.Nadia Chernyak, Tamar Kushnir, Katherine M. Sullivan & Qi Wang - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (7):1343-1355.
    Recent work has shown that preschool-aged children and adults understand freedom of choice regardless of culture, but that adults across cultures differ in perceiving social obligations as constraints on action. To investigate the development of these cultural differences and universalities, we interviewed school-aged children (4–11) in Nepal and the United States regarding beliefs about people's freedom of choice and constraint to follow preferences, perform impossible acts, and break social obligations. Children across cultures and ages universally endorsed (...)
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  26.  19
    Analysing Our Qualms About “Designing” Future Persons: Autonomy, Freedom of Choice, and Interfering with Nature. [REVIEW]Erik Malmqvist - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):407-416.
    Actually possible and conceivable future uses of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and germ-line genetic intervention in assisted reproduction seem to offer increasing possibilities of choosing the kind of persons that will be brought to existence. Many are troubled by the idea of these technologies being used for enhancement purposes. How can we make sense of this worry? Why are our thoughts about therapeutic genetic interventions and non-genetic enhancement (for instance education) not accompanied by the same intuitive uneasiness? I argue that (...)
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  27. Coercive Paternalism in Health Care: Against Freedom of Choice.Sarah Conly - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (3):pht025.
    I argue that it can be morally permissible to coerce people into doing what is good for their own health. I discuss recent initiatives in New York City that are designed to take away certain unhealthy options from local citizens, and argue that this does not impose on them in unjustifiable ways. Good paternalistic measures are designed to promote people's long-term goals, and to prevent them from making short-term decisions that interfere with reaching those, and New York's attempts to ban (...)
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  28.  22
    Individual Identity and Freedom of Choice in the Context of Environmental and Economic Conditions.Roy F. Baumeister, Jina Park & Sarah E. Ainsworth - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):484 - 484.
    Van de Vliert's findings fit nicely with our recent arguments implying that (1) differentiated selfhood is partly motivated by requirements of cultural groups, and (2) free will mainly exists within culture. Some cultural groups promote individual freedom, whereas others constrict it so as to maintain elites' power and privilege. Thus, freedom is, to a great extent, a creation of culture.
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  29.  12
    Three Philosophical Dialogues: On Truth, on Freedom of Choice, on the Fall of the Devil. Anselm & Thomas Williams - 2002 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    In these three dialogues, renowned for their dialectical structure and linguistic precision, Anselm sets out his classic account of the relationship between freedom and sin--its linchpin his definition of freedom of choice as the power to preserve rectitude of will for its own sake. In doing so, Anselm explores the fascinating implications for God, human beings, and angels of his conclusion that freedom of choice neither is nor entails the power to sin. In addition to (...)
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  30.  60
    Children of Choice: Freedom and the New Reproductive Technologies.Laura M. Purdy - 1996 - Ethics 106 (2):474-476.
  31. Freedom Without Choice: Medieval Theories of the Essence of Freedom.Tobias Hoffmann - forthcoming - In Thomas Williams (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 194-216.
    Medieval authors generally agreed that we have the freedom to choose among alternative possibilities. But most medieval authors also thought that there are situations in which one cannot do otherwise, not even will otherwise. They also thought when willing necessarily, the will remains free. The questions, then, are what grounds the necessity or contingency of the will’s acts, and – since freedom is not defined by the ability to choose – what belongs to the essential character of (...), the ratio libertatis. This article studies medieval theories of freedom without choice from William of Auxerre to William of Ockham and their background in Augustine, Anselm of Canterbury, and Bernard of Clairvaux. (shrink)
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  32. What is Freedom of Choice?Harry Settanni - 1992 - Upa.
    This book defends a particular theory of free choiceóincompatibilism, the belief that free will is not possible in a totally causal universe. The author attempts to prove this position throughout the work both by appealing to the almost universally accepted Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics and applying it in the rival theory of compatibilismóits failure to take free choice seriously.
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  33.  24
    Freewill and Determinism.Freedom of Choice Affirmed.The Problem of Freedom and Determinism.R. L. Franklin, Corliss Lamont & Edward D'angelo - 1970 - Journal of Philosophy 67 (7):208-220.
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  34. Succession--Discretion or Whim, Freedom of Choice or Caprice?Cretney Stephen - 1986 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 6 (2).
  35.  10
    Legal Formality and Freedom of Choice. A Moral Perspective on Jhering's Constructivism.Alexander Somek - 2002 - Ratio Juris 15 (1):52-62.
  36. Yves R. Simon, "Freedom of Choice". [REVIEW]T. R. Heath - 1970 - The Thomist 34 (4):710.
     
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  37.  14
    Natural Foundations of the Freedom of Choice.Petar Grujić - 2002 - Theoria 45 (1-4):77-87.
  38. Kantian Desires: Freedom of Choice and Action in the Rechtslehre.Katrin Flikschuh - 2002 - In Mark Timmons (ed.), Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays. Clarendon Press.
     
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  39.  7
    C. Lamont's "Freedom of Choice Affirmed". [REVIEW]John Somerville - 1970 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 31 (1):131.
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  40.  50
    Between Determinism and Indeterminism: The Freedom of Choice in Fichte's Das System Der Sittenlehre.Kien-How Goh - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):439-455.
    This paper examines Fichte's conception of the freedom of choice in Das System der Sittenlehre of 1798 as a solution to the dilemma posed by determinism and indeterminism. It show that Fichte does not simply affirm an indifferent power of voluntary choice, but demonstrates how such a power might co-exist with the measure of regularity and lawfulness we normally admit of human choices. Particular choices do not occur at random, but are based on general reasons. These reasons (...)
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  41.  5
    Succession—Discretion or Whim, Freedom of Choice or Caprice?Stephen Cretney - 1986 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 6 (2):299-303.
  42.  60
    Constraints and the Measurement of Freedom of Choice.Sebastiano Bavetta & Marco Del Seta - 2001 - Theory and Decision 50 (3):213-238.
    This paper introduces considerations about constraints in the construction of measures of an agent's freedom. It starts with motivating the exercise from both the philosophical and the informational point of view. Then it presents two rankings of opportunity sets based on information about the extent of options and the constraints that a decision maker faces. The first ranking measures freedom as variety of choice; the second as non-restrictedness in choice.
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  43.  61
    Freedom of Occupational Choice.Michael Otsuka - 2008 - Ratio 21 (4):440-453.
    Cohen endorses the coercive taxation of the talented at a progressive rate for the sake of realizing equality. By contrast, he denies that it is legitimate for the state to engage in the 'Stalinist forcing' of people into one or another line of work in order to bring about a more egalitarian society. He rejects such occupational conscription on grounds of the invasiveness of the gathering and acting upon information regarding people's preferences for different types of work that would be (...)
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  44.  50
    Freedom of Will and the Value of Choice.Göran Duus-otterström - 2011 - Social Theory and Practice 37 (2):256-284.
    Many argue that our reasons to value choice do not depend on our having libertarian free will.The paper argues against this view. One reason to value choice is that it is constitutive of a life of self-determination. If choices are determined, however, they can be predicted and brought about by others; and if choices are randomly indeterministic, they can be mimicked. In either case, the importance of choice to self-determination is challenged. Thus, it is only as long (...)
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  45.  27
    Conceptualising a Child-Centric Paradigm: Do We Have Freedom of Choice in Donor Conception Reproduction?Damian H. Adams - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):369-381.
    Since its inception, donor conception practices have been a reproductive choice for the infertile. Past and current practices have the potential to cause significant and lifelong harm to the offspring through loss of kinship, heritage, identity, and family health history, and possibly through introducing physical problems. Legislation and regulation in Australia that specifies that the welfare of the child born as a consequence of donor conception is paramount may therefore be in conflict with the outcomes. Altering the paradigm to (...)
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  46.  18
    [Book Review] Children of Choice, Freedom and the New Reproductive Technologies. [REVIEW]Laura M. Purdy - 1996 - Criminal Justice Ethics 15 (1):67-74.
  47.  9
    Agency, Freedom and Choice.Constanze Binder - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    In this book, Binder shows that at the heart of the most prominent arguments in favour of value-neutral approaches to overall freedom lies the value freedom has for human agency and development. Far from leading to the adoption of a value-neutral approach, however, ascribing importance to freedom’s agency value requires one to adopt a refined value-based approach. Binder employs an axiomatic framework in order to develop such an approach. She shows that a focus on freedom’s agency (...)
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  48.  89
    Incentive Inequalities and Freedom of Occupational Choice.Douglas Mackay - 2016 - Economics and Philosophy 32 (1):21-49.
    In Rescuing Justice and Equality, G.A. Cohen argues that the incentive inequalities permitted by John Rawls's difference principle are unjust since people cannot justify them to their fellow citizens. I argue that citizens of a Rawlsian society can justify their acceptance of a wide range of incentive inequalities to their fellow citizens. They can do so because they possess the right to freedom of occupational choice, and are permitted – as a matter of justice – to exercise this (...)
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  49.  19
    Children of Choice: Freedom and the New Reproductive Technologies.J. V. McHale - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (4):247-247.
  50.  48
    Freedom of Conscience, Employee Prerogatives, and Consumer Choice: Veal, Birth Control, and Tanning Beds. [REVIEW]J. M. Dieterle - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (2):191 - 203.
    Does a pharmacist have a right to refuse to fill certain prescriptions? In this paper, I examine cases in which an employee might refuse to do something that is part of his or her job description. I will argue that in some of these cases, an employee does have a right of refusal and in other cases an employee does not. In those cases where the employee does not have a right of refusal, I argue that the refusals (if repeated) (...)
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