Results for 'falsifiability'

740 found
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  1.  4
    On Falsifiable Statistical Hypotheses.Konstantin Genin - 2022 - Philosophies 7 (2):40.
    Popper argued that a statistical falsification required a prior methodological decision to regard sufficiently improbable events as ruled out. That suggestion has generated a number of fruitful approaches, but also a number of apparent paradoxes and ultimately, no clear consensus. It is still commonly claimed that, since random samples are logically consistent with all the statistical hypotheses on the table, falsification simply does not apply in realistic statistical settings. We claim that the situation is considerably improved if we ask a (...)
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  2. Beyond Falsifiability: Normal Science in a Multiverse.Sean M. Carroll - 2019 - In Richard Dawid, Radin Dardashti & Karim Thebault (eds.), Epistemology of Fundamental Physics: Why Trust a Theory? Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
    Cosmological models that invoke a multiverse - a collection of unobservable regions of space where conditions are very different from the region around us - are controversial, on the grounds that unobservable phenomena shouldn't play a crucial role in legitimate scientific theories. I argue that the way we evaluate multiverse models is precisely the same as the way we evaluate any other models, on the basis of abduction, Bayesian inference, and empirical success. There is no scientifically respectable way to do (...)
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  3. Popper, Falsifiability, and Evolutionary Biology.David N. Stamos - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (2):161-191.
    First, a brief history is provided of Popper's views on the status of evolutionary biology as a science. The views of some prominent biologists are then canvassed on the matter of falsifiability and its relation to evolutionary biology. Following that, I argue that Popper's programme of falsifiability does indeed exclude evolutionary biology from within the circumference of genuine science, that Popper's programme is fundamentally incoherent, and that the correction of this incoherence results in a greatly expanded and much (...)
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  4.  94
    Falsifiable Predictions of Evolutionary Theory.Mary B. Williams - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (4):518-537.
    Many philosophers have asserted that evolutionary theory is unfalsifiable. In this paper I refute these assertions by detailing some falsifiable predictions of the theory and the evidence used to test them. I then analyze both these predictions and evidence cited to support assertions of unfalsifiability in order to show both what type of predictions are possible and why it has been so difficult to spot them. The conclusion is that the apparent logical peculiarity of evolutionary theory is not a property (...)
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  5. Falsificationism Falsified.Sven Ove Hansson - 2006 - Foundations of Science 11 (3):275-286.
    A conceptual analysis of falsificationism is performed, in which the central falsificationist thesis is divided into several components. Furthermore, an empirical study of falsification in science is reported, based on the 70 scientific contributions that were published as articles in Nature in 2000. Only one of these articles conformed to the falsificationist recipe for successful science, namely the falsification of a hypothesis that is more accessible to falsification than to verification. It is argued that falsificationism relies on an incorrect view (...)
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  6.  77
    Falsifying Generic Stereotypes.Olivier Lemeire - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (7):2293-2312.
    Generic stereotypes are generically formulated generalizations that express a stereotype, like “Mexican immigrants are rapists” and “Muslims are terrorists.” Stereotypes like these are offensive and should not be asserted by anyone. Yet when someone does assert a sentence like this in a conversation, it is surprisingly difficult to successfully rebut it. The meaning of generic sentences is such that they can be true in several different ways. As a result, a speaker who is challenged after asserting a generic stereotype can (...)
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  7.  69
    Falsifiability of Scientific Theories.R. G. Swinburne - 1964 - Mind 73 (291):434-436.
  8. A Falsifying Rule for Probability Statements.Donald A. Gillies - 1971 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (3):231-261.
  9.  70
    Is Falsifiability the Touchstone of Scientific Rationality? Karl Popper Versus Inductivism.Adolf Grünbaum - 1976 - In R. S. Cohen, P. K. Feyerabend & M. Wartofsky (eds.), Essays in Memory of Imre Lakatos. Reidel. pp. 213--252.
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  10. The Falsifiability of Theories: Total or Partial? A Contemporary Evaluation of the Duhem-Quine Thesis.Adolf Grünbaum - 1962 - Synthese 14 (1):17 - 34.
  11.  43
    The Falsifiability of the Lorentz-Fitzgerald Contraction Hypothesis.Adolf Grünbaum - 1959 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 10 (37):48-50.
  12.  86
    Space, Time and Falsifiability Critical Exposition and Reply to "A Panel Discussion of Grünbaum's Philosophy of Science".Adolf Grünbaum - 1970 - Philosophy of Science 37 (4):469 - 588.
    Prompted by the "Panel Discussion of Grünbaum's Philosophy of Science" (Philosophy of Science 36, December, 1969) and other recent literature, this essay ranges over major issues in the philosophy of space, time and space-time as well as over problems in the logic of ascertaining the falsity of a scientific hypothesis. The author's philosophy of geometry has recently been challenged along three main distinct lines as follows: (i) The Panel article by G. J. Massey calls for a more precise and more (...)
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  13.  82
    Falsifiability and the Duhem Problem.Danny Frederick - 2020 - In Against the Philosophical Tide. Yeovil: Critias Publishing. pp. 15-19.
    It is often claimed that the Duhem problem shows that the notion of falsifiability is inapplicable to scientific theories. I explain why the claim is false.
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  14. Falsifiability and Traction in Theories of Divine Action.Kile Jones - 2010 - Zygon 45 (3):575-589.
    One of the most focused research programs in the science-religion dialogue that has taken place up to the present is the series of volumes published jointly by the Vatican Observatory and the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences. Originating with the encouragement of Pope John Paul II, this series has produced seven volumes focusing on how divine action can be understood in light of contemporary science. A retrospective volume published in 2008, Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action: Twenty Years of (...)
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  15. Falsifiability and the Semantic Eliminability of Theoretical Languages.Robert A. Rynasiewicz - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (3):225-241.
  16. The Falsifiability of Geometric Theories.Lawrence Sklar - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (8):247-253.
  17.  41
    Can We Falsify the Consciousness-Causes-Collapse Hypothesis in Quantum Mechanics?Jos’E. Ac’Acio de Barros & Gary Oas - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (10):1294-1308.
    In this paper we examine some proposals to disprove the hypothesis that the interaction between mind and matter causes the collapse of the wave function, showing that such proposals are fundamentally flawed. We then describe a general experimental setup retaining the key features of the ones examined, and show that even a more general case is inadequate to disprove the mind-matter collapse hypothesis. Finally, we use our setup provided to argue that, under some reasonable assumptions about consciousness, such hypothesis is (...)
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  18.  15
    Falsifying the Falsity Criterion: A Reply to Porcher.Hane Htut Maung - 2015 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 8 (1):32-33.
    In an article in a previous issue of this journal, I argue against the falsity criterion in the definition of delusion by presenting cases of delusions that are not false. I thank José Eduardo Porcher for his thought-provoking reply to my article. Although Porcher agrees that the falsity criterion is incorrect, he argues that my method of showing this is unsatisfactory on the grounds that it relies on a pre-defined conception of delusion.
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  19.  34
    Falsifiability.Darrell Patrick Rowbottom - unknown
    This entry gives an account of falsifiability both as championed in particular by Karl Popper and also more generally and examines its wider implications for scientific methodology.
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  20.  32
    The Falsifiability of Curve-Hypotheses.Michael Martin - 1965 - Philosophical Studies 16 (4):56 - 60.
  21.  8
    The Falsifiability of Actual Decision-Making Models.Andrew Heathcote, E. -J. Wagenmakers & Scott D. Brown - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (4):676-678.
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  22.  8
    A Falsifiability Characterization of Double Robustness Through Logical Operators.Constantine Frangakis - 2019 - Journal of Causal Inference 7 (1).
    We address the characterization of problems in which a consistent estimator exists in a union of two models, also termed as a doubly robust estimator. Such estimators are important in missing information, including causal inference problems. Existing characterizations, based on the semiparametric theory of projections, have seen sufficient progress, but can still leave one’s understanding less than satisfied as to when and especially why such estimation works. We explore here a different, explanatory characterization – an exegesis based on logical operators. (...)
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  23. Empirical Falsifiability And The Frequence Of Darsana Relevance In The Sixth Century Buddhist Logic Of Sankarasvamin.Douglas D. Daye - 1979 - Logique Et Analyse 22 (March-June):223-237.
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  24. Is Falsifiability the Touchstone of Scientific Rationality? Karl Popper Versus Inductivism.Adolf Griinbaum - 1976 - In R. S. Cohen, P. K. Feyerabend & M. Wartofsky (eds.), Essays in Memory of Imre Lakatos. Reidel.
  25.  92
    The Falsifiability of the Lorentz-Fitzgerald Contraction Hypothesis.Herbert Dingle - 1959 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 10 (39):228-229.
  26. Falsifiability as Fake-Cement: The Alleged Unity of Karl Popper's Philosophy of Science.A. A. Derksen - 1985 - Philosophical Studies 48:313-336.
     
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  27. Have You Missed Prior Issues of Min Erva.Antiquity Falsified, Chinese Rock Art & Discovering Ancient Myths - 1990 - Minerva 1.
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  28.  37
    Falsifiability and Corroboration.Milton Fisk - 1959 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 9:49-65.
    The recent publication of The Logic of Scientific Discovery makes available for the first time an English translation of Popper’s Logik der Forschung. Numerous footnotes and 155 pages of new appendices have been added to the original text. However, the original text itself has been left unchanged. For an elaboration of many of the points sketched in the new material the author refers to a forthcoming sequel to this volume, Postscript: After Twenty Years.
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  29.  2
    Falsifying Expense Receipts.Shafik Bhalloo & Kathleen Burke - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 16:213-215.
    In its 2018 global study on occupational fraud, the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners found asset misappropriation the most common category of fraud with expense reimbursement schemes the most frequent and costly form of misappropriation. In this case, Cassandra, a valued junior attorney on track to become a partner at her law firm, is strongly encouraged by a supportive senior attorney to join him in ordering an after-hours meal in clear violation of the firm's meal expensing policy. While Cassandra recognizes (...)
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  30. Falsifiability, Criticizability and the Method of Science.Jiang Tianji - 1992 - In W. Newton-Smith, Tʻien-chi Chiang & E. James (eds.), Popper in China. Routledge. pp. 125.
     
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  31.  16
    On Falsifying the Synergistic Ecphory Model.Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (2):251.
  32.  39
    Faith and Falsifiability.Henry E. Allison - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):499 - 522.
    The falsifiability debate has developed largely in response to a challenge offered in the name of this principle by Antony Flew. His basic contention is that since the assertion of any state of affairs is logically equivalent to a denial of its negation, it must always be possible to designate an actual or possible state of affairs which would "count against" or falsify the original assertion. "And," he concludes, "if there is nothing which a putative assertion denies then there (...)
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  33.  31
    Falsifying a Polish Classic.Ewa Thompson - 2002 - The Chesterton Review 28 (4):549-551.
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  34.  55
    Falsifiability.Richard Cole - 1968 - Mind 77 (305):133-135.
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  35.  47
    Falsifiability and Probability.Patricia Baillie - 1972 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 50 (1):61.
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  36.  20
    Tractable falsifiability.Ronen Gradwohl & Eran Shmaya - 2015 - Economics and Philosophy 31 (2):259-274.
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  37.  34
    Falsifiability and Probability.Patricia Baillie - 1970 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 48 (1):99 – 100.
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  38.  22
    Falsifiability and Probability: A Comment.A. E. Musgrave - 1972 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 50 (1):58 – 60.
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  39.  72
    Is Falsification Falsifiable?Ulf Persson - 2016 - Foundations of Science 21 (3):461-475.
    This is a response to a claim by Sven Ove Hansson to the effect that Poppers dictum that falsification lies at the heart of all pursuit of science has once and for all been falsified by his study of articles published in Nature during the year 2000. We claim that this is based on a misunderstanding of Poppers philosophy of science interpreting it too literally, and that alternative readings of those papers are fully compliant with falsification. We scrutinize Hansson’s arguments (...)
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  40.  5
    Falsifiability and Probability.Patricia Baillie - 1970 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 48:99.
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  41.  33
    Falsifiability and the Cosmological Argument.Carl R. Kordig - 1972 - New Scholasticism 46 (4):485-487.
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  42.  14
    Falsifying Retrodictions.Richard M. Gale - 1965 - Analysis 26 (1):6 - 9.
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  43.  18
    Degrees of Riskiness, Falsifiability, and Truthlikeness: A Neo-Popperian Account Applicable to Probabilistic Theories.Leander Vignero & Sylvia Wenmackers - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):11729-11764.
    In this paper, we take a fresh look at three Popperian concepts: riskiness, falsifiability, and truthlikeness of scientific hypotheses or theories. First, we make explicit the dimensions that underlie the notion of riskiness. Secondly, we examine if and how degrees of falsifiability can be defined, and how they are related to various dimensions of the concept of riskiness as well as the experimental context. Thirdly, we consider the relation of riskiness to truthlikeness. Throughout, we pay special attention to (...)
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  44.  14
    On Falsifying Descriptions.Tracy S. Kendler - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (2):190-191.
  45. Are “All-and-Some” Statements Falsifiable After All?: The Example of Utility Theory.Philippe Mongin - 1986 - Economics and Philosophy 2 (2):185-195.
    Popper's well-known demarcation criterion has often been understood to distinguish statements of empirical science according to their logical form. Implicit in this interpretation of Popper's philosophy is the belief that when the universe of discourse of the empirical scientist is infinite, empirical universal sentences are falsifiable but not verifiable, whereas the converse holds for existential sentences. A remarkable elaboration of this belief is to be found in Watkins's early work on the statements he calls “all-and-some,” such as: “For every metal (...)
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  46.  5
    How Can A Falsified Theory Remain Corroborated?Ladislav Kvasz - 2004 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 11:263-271.
    Coming from a mathematical background, I was always puzzled by Popper’s view, according to which, after the falsification of a scientific theory its degree of corroboration becomes zero. Most of the scientific theories taught in the physics departments have already been falsified, and what is the point of teaching theories, whose degree of corroboration is zero? The first important observation to make is that not all cases of falsification are the same. In some cases, as for instance in the case (...)
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  47.  15
    How Can a Falsified Theory Remain Corroborated?Ladislav Kvasz - 2004 - In Friedrich Stadler (ed.), Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook. Springer. pp. 263.
    Coming from a mathematical background, I was always puzzled by Popper’s view, according to which, after the falsification of a scientific theory its degree of corroboration becomes zero. Most of the scientific theories taught in the physics departments have already been falsified, and what is the point of teaching theories, whose degree of corroboration is zero? The first important observation to make is that not all cases of falsification are the same. In some cases, as for instance in the case (...)
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  48.  16
    How Do You Falsify a Question?: Crucial Tests Versus Crucial Demonstrations.Douglas Allchin - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:74 - 88.
    I highlight a category of experiment-what I am calling 'demonstrations'-that differs in justificatory mode and argumentative role from the more familiar 'crucial tests'. 'Tests' are constructed such that alternative results are equally and symmetrically informative; they help discriminate between alternative solutions within a problem-field, where questions are shared. 'Demonstrations' are notably asymmetrical (for example, "failures" are often not telling), yet they are effective, if not "crucial," in interparadigm dispute, to legitimate questions themselves. The Ox-Phos Controversy in bioenergetics serves as an (...)
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  49.  3
    Document falsifié relatif à l'origine des béguines.H. Nelis - 1924 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 3 (1):120-124.
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  50.  49
    Popper's Falsifiability and Darwin's Natural Selection.K. K. Lee - 1969 - Philosophy 44 (170):291 - 302.
    Popper Proposed the criterion of falsifiability as a solution to the problem of demarcation i.e. of distinguishing science from pseudo-science and not, as many of his contemporaries in the Vienna Circle mistook it to be, a solution to the quite different problem with which they themselves were preoccupied, viz. of providing a criterion of meaning to distinguish the meaningful from the meaningless. While the positivists were concerned to damn metaphysics and exalt science, by identifying the empirically verifiable with the (...)
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