Results for 'dynamic choice'

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  1. Dynamic Choice.Chrisoula Andreou - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Sometimes a series of choices do not serve one's concerns well even though each choice in the series seems perfectly well suited to serving one's concerns. In such cases, one has a dynamic choice problem. Otherwise put, one has a problem related to the fact that one's choices are spread out over time. This survey reviews some of the challenging choice situations and problematic preference structures that can prompt dynamic choice problems. It also reviews (...)
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  2.  95
    Rationality and Dynamic Choice: Foundational Explorations.Edward Francis McClennen - 1990 - Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
    This is a major contribution to the theory of rational choice which will be of particular interest to philosophers and economists. The author sets out the foundations of rational choice, and then sketches a dynamic choice framework in which principles of ordering and independence follow from a number of apparently plausible conditions. However, there is potential conflict among these conditions, and when they are weakened to avoid it the usual foundations of rational choice no longer (...)
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  3.  66
    Dynamic Choice Mechanisms.Ludwig von Auer - 1999 - Theory and Decision 46 (3):295-312.
    A dynamic choice mechanism (e.g. sophisticated choice) is a rule transforming a sequence of orderings into actual choices. The dynamic choice literature analysing such rules is restricted to the case of strict preferences. The present paper allows also for weak preferences. This generalisation is necessary since in dynamic utility models decision makers are typically endowed with orderings which can be represented by continuous utility functions. Such a representation, however, requires the orderings to be a (...)
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  4.  64
    Dynamic Choice, Independence and Emotions.Astrid Hopfensitz & Frans Van Winden - 2008 - Theory and Decision 64 (2-3):249-300.
    From the viewpoint of the independence axiom of expected utility theory, an interesting empirical dynamic choice problem involves the presence of a “global risk,” that is, a chance of losing everything whichever safe or risky option is chosen. In this experimental study, participants have to allocate real money between a safe and a risky project. Treatment variable is the particular decision stage at which a global risk is resolved: (i) before the investment decision; (ii) after the investment decision, (...)
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  5.  8
    Bradley Conditionals and Dynamic Choice.Simon M. Huttegger & Gerard J. Rothfus - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):6585-6599.
    One of the main contributions of Richard Bradley’s book is an elegant extension of Jeffrey’s Logic of Decision that countenances the evaluation of conditional prospects. This extension offers a promising new setting in which to model dynamic choice. In Bradley’s framework, plans can be understood as conditionals of an appropriate sort, while dynamic consistency can be viewed as providing a constraint on the evaluation of conditionals across time. In this paper, we study connections between planning conditionals and (...)
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  6.  10
    Rationality and Dynamic Choice: Foundational Explorations.Piers Rawling - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (184):390-393.
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  7. Discrete Dynamic Choice: An Extension of the Choice Models of Thurstone and Luce.John Dagsvik - 1983 - I Kommisjon Hos H. Aschehoug Og Universitetsforlaget.
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  8.  14
    Rationality and Dynamic Choice: Foundational Explorations.John Broome - 1992 - Ethics 102 (3):666-668.
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  9. Review of McLennen *Rationality and Dynamic Choice*. [REVIEW]Adam Morton - 1992 - Mind 101 (402):381-383.
    review of McLennen's *Rationality and Dynamic Choice*. The topic is important and the discussion is powerful. Some connection with modelling and simulation would be valuable.
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  10.  34
    Book Review:Rationality and Dynamic Choice: Foundational Explorations. Edward F. McClennen. [REVIEW]John Broome - 1992 - Ethics 102 (3):666-.
  11.  11
    Rationality and Dynamic Choice.Pascal O'Gorman - 1991 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 33:269-275.
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  12. Rationality and Dynamic Choice: Foundational Explorations. [REVIEW]Pascal O'gorman - 1992 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 33:269-275.
     
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  13.  32
    Rationality and Dynamic Choice.Pascal O'Gorman - 1991 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 33:269-275.
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    Rationality and Dynamic Choice[REVIEW]Pascal O'Gorman - 1991 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 33:269-275.
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  15.  21
    Rationality and Dynamic Choice: Foundational Explorations.Jim Joyce - 1992 - Philosophical Books 33 (1):27-30.
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  16.  22
    Rationality and Dynamic Choice: Foundational Explorations, Edward F. McClennen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990, Xv + 311 Pages. [REVIEW]Mahmoud A. El-Gamal - 1993 - Economics and Philosophy 9 (1):175.
  17.  52
    Akrasia, Picoeconomics, and a Rational Reconstruction of Judgment Formation in Dynamic Choice.Yujian Zheng - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 104 (3):227-251.
    This paper contrasts a picoeconomic approach to theexplanation of akrasia with Davidson's divided-mind approach and defends theformer in a wider context. The distinctive merits of a picoeconomic model of mindlie in the following aspects: First, it relies on a scientifically well-groundeddiscovery about motivational dynamics of animals for its explanation of preference change,which elucidates or materializes some philosophers' speculations both about thepossible mismatch between valuation and motivation and about the relevance of temporalfactors to akrasia. Second, it grounds the necessity of endogenous (...)
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  18.  84
    Context Dependence and Consistency in Dynamic Choice Under Uncertainty: The Case of Anticipated Regret. [REVIEW]Takashi Hayashi - 2011 - Theory and Decision 70 (4):399-430.
    We examine if and to what extent choice dispositions can allow dependence on contexts and maintain consistency over time, in a dynamic environment under uncertainty. We focus on one of the context dependence properties, opportunity dependence because of being affected by anticipated regret, where the consequentialist choice framework is maintained. There are two sources of potential inconsistency: one is arrival of information, and the other is changing opportunities. First, we go over the general method of resolution of (...)
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  19. Motivation, Deliberation, and Rationality for Dynamic Choice.Yujian Zheng - 1995 - Dissertation, Bowling Green State University
    How can one knowingly choose against one's best judgment? This is both a traditional philosophical puzzle and a realistic problem in our everyday life. This dissertation is an exposition and examination of a recent work, by George Ainslie, with regard to its innovative explanation as well as rational solution of such a problem. With the help of the new Ainsliean model, I have also sought to offer some analysis of a number of issues that I believe are important to the (...)
     
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  20.  45
    Implications of Behavioral Consistency in Dynamic Choice Under Uncertainty.Valentino Dardanoni - 1990 - Theory and Decision 29 (3):223-234.
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  21.  7
    Individual Vs. Group Decision-Making: An Experiment on Dynamic Choice Under Risk and Ambiguity.Enrica Carbone, Konstantinos Georgalos & Gerardo Infante - 2019 - Theory and Decision 87 (1):87-122.
    This paper focuses on the comparison of individual and group decision-making, in a stochastic inter-temporal problem in two decision environments, namely risk and ambiguity. Using a consumption/saving laboratory experiment, we investigate behaviour in four treatments: individual choice under risk; group choice under risk; individual choice under ambiguity and group choice under ambiguity. Comparing decisions within and between decision environments, we find an anti-symmetric pattern. While individuals are choosing on average closer to the theoretical optimal predictions, compared (...)
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  22.  51
    Edward F. McLennen, Rationality and Dynamic Choice: Foundational Explorations, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1990, Pp. Xiv + 311.Robin P. Cubitt - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (1):128.
  23. Edward F. McClennen, Rationality and Dynamic Choice[REVIEW]Jean Hampton - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11:273-275.
     
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  24.  10
    Contextuality and Non-Substantialist Stance in Dynamic Choice : Reflection on a Case Study in Analytical Philosophy.Yujian Zheng - unknown
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  25. Edward F. McClennen, Rationality and Dynamic Choice Reviewed By.Jean Hampton - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11 (4):273-275.
     
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  26.  10
    Dynamic Processes in Emotion Regulation Choice.Jonathan W. Murphy & Michael A. Young - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (8):1654-1662.
    Because emotion regulation processes operate over time, they potentially change the context in which subsequent ER processes occur. To test this proposal, fifty-two healthy participants completed the ER choice task. Thirty standardized low- and high-intensity negative images were used to generate different emotional contexts in which participants selected between distraction or reappraisal strategies to decrease the intensity of their negative emotion. Participants then implemented their selected strategy and rated their negative emotion. Using a dynamic perspective, we examined as (...)
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  27.  39
    Dynamic Semantics with Choice Functions.J. Peregrin & K. von Heusinger - unknown
    Over the last two decades, semantic theory has been marked by a continuing shift from a static view of meaning to a dynamic one. The increasing interest in extending semantic analysis from isolated sentences to larger units of discourse has fostered the intensive study of anaphora and coreference, and this has engendered a shift from viewing meaning as truth conditions to viewing it as the potential to change the "informational context".
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  28.  7
    The Dynamics of Decision Making in Risky Choice: An Eye-Tracking Analysis.Susann Fiedler & Andreas Glöckner - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  29.  7
    Policy Choices in Dementia Care—An Exploratory Analysis of the A Lberta Continuing Care System Using System Dynamics.Monica Cepoiu-Martin & Diane P. Bischak - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (1):278-284.
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  30.  40
    Control, Choice, and the Convergence/Divergence Dynamics: A Compatibilistic Probabilistic Theory of Free Will.Marius Usher - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy 103 (4):188-213.
  31.  16
    A Dynamical Model of Risky Choice.Marieke M. J. W. van Rooij, Luis H. Favela, MaryLauren Malone & Michael J. Richardson - 2013 - Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society 35:1510-1515.
    Individuals make decisions under uncertainty every day based on incomplete information concerning the potential outcome of the choice or chance levels. The choices individuals make often deviate from the rational or mathematically objective solution. Accordingly, the dynamics of human decision-making are difficult to capture using conventional, linear mathematical models. Here, we present data from a two-choice task with variable risk between sure loss and risky loss to illustrate how a simple nonlinear dynamical system can be employed to capture (...)
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  32.  17
    Two-Stage Dynamic Signal Detection: A Theory of Choice, Decision Time, and Confidence.Timothy J. Pleskac & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (3):864-901.
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  33.  84
    Control, Choice, and the Convergence/Divergence Dynamics: A Compatibilistic Probabilistic Theory of Free Will.Matthew Usher - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy 103 (4):188-213.
  34.  7
    Dynamic and Consequential Consistency of Choices Between Paths of Decision Trees.Jerome R. Busemeyer, Ethan Weg, Rachel Barkan, Xuyang Li & Zhengping Ma - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 129 (4):530-545.
  35.  70
    Dynamic Inconsistency and Choice.Isabelle Brocas - 2011 - Theory and Decision 71 (3):343-364.
    In this paper, we analyze an intra-personal game where a decision-maker is summarized by a succession of selves. Selves may (or may not) have conflicting interests, and earlier selves may have imperfect knowledge of the preferences of future selves. At date 1, self-1 chooses a menu, at date 2, the preferences of self-2 realize and self-2 chooses an item from the menu. We show that equilibrium choice is consistent with either a preference for flexibility, a preference for betweenness or (...)
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  36. A Dynamic Computational Model of Gaze and Choice in Multi-Attribute Decisions.Xiaozhi Yang & Ian Krajbich - forthcoming - Psychological Review.
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  37.  73
    A Dynamic and Stochastic Theory of Choice, Response Time, and Confidence.Timothy J. Pleskac & Jerome Busemeyer - 2007 - In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 563--568.
  38. Wise Choice on Dynamic Decision-Making Without Independence1.E. Ejerhed, S. Lindstrom & Action Logic - 1997 - In Eva Ejerhed & Sten Lindström (eds.), Logic, Action, and Cognition: Essays in Philosophical Logic. Kluwer Academic. pp. 2--97.
     
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  39.  16
    Dynamic Changes in Upper-Limb Corticospinal Excitability During a ‘Pro-/Anti-Saccade’ Double-Choice Task.Luca Falciati & Claudio Maioli - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  40.  17
    Modeling the Dynamics of Risky Choice.Marieke M. J. W. van Rooij, Luis H. Favela, MaryLauren Malone & Michael J. Richardson - 2013 - Ecological Psychology 25:293-303.
    Individuals make decisions under uncertainty every day. Decisions are based on in- complete information concerning the potential outcome or the predicted likelihood with which events occur. In addition, individuals’ choices often deviate from the rational or mathematically objective solution. Accordingly, the dynamics of human decision making are difficult to capture using conventional, linear mathematical models. Here, we present data from a 2-choice task with variable risk between sure loss and risky loss to illustrate how a simple nonlinear dynamical system (...)
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  41.  7
    Dynamic Behavioural Models and Contraceptive Choice.Mark R. Montgomery - 1989 - Journal of Biosocial Science 21 (S11):17-40.
  42.  14
    A Probabilistic, Dynamic, and Attribute-Wise Model of Intertemporal Choice.Junyi Dai & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (4):1489-1514.
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  43.  3
    Rational Choices of Humans, Rhesus Macaques, and Capuchin Monkeys in Dynamic Stochastic Environments.Julia Watzek & Sarah F. Brosnan - 2018 - Cognition 178:109-117.
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  44.  1
    The Impact of Global Dynamic Capabilities on Governance Structure Choice of Partnership: The Moderating Effect of Ambidexterity.Guoying Ren, Michael Yao-Ping Peng & Din Jong - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Research on multinational inter-organizational relationships has demonstrated that the capabilities of small and medium sized enterprises can be developed via partnerships, but at present, we lack studies that relate the development of such capabilities to the management of business governance structure. This study provides a new perspective on internationalized SME marketing strategies in the global context. Using a dynamic capability view of firms, the study develops hierarchical regression models linking global dynamic capabilities and governance structure. This study empirically (...)
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  45.  25
    Elderly Fallers Enhance Dynamic Stability Through Anticipatory Postural Adjustments During a Choice Stepping Reaction Time.Romain Tisserand, Thomas Robert, Pascal Chabaud, Marc Bonnefoy & Laurence Chèze - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  46. Free Choice and Homogeneity.Simon Goldstein - 2019 - Semantics and Pragmatics 12:1-48.
    This paper develops a semantic solution to the puzzle of Free Choice permission. The paper begins with a battery of impossibility results showing that Free Choice is in tension with a variety of classical principles, including Disjunction Introduction and the Law of Excluded Middle. Most interestingly, Free Choice appears incompatible with a principle concerning the behavior of Free Choice under negation, Double Prohibition, which says that Mary can’t have soup or salad implies Mary can’t have soup (...)
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  47.  41
    Free Choice Impossibility Results.Simon Goldstein - 2020 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 49 (2):249-282.
    Free Choice is the principle that possibly p or q implies and is implied by possibly p and possibly q. A variety of recent attempts to validate Free Choice rely on a nonclassical semantics for disjunction, where the meaning of p or q is not a set of possible worlds. This paper begins with a battery of impossibility results, showing that some kind of nonclassical semantics for disjunction is required in order to validate Free Choice. The paper (...)
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  48.  23
    Different Strategy of Hand Choice After Learning of Constant and Incremental Dynamical Perturbation in Arm Reaching.Chie Habagishi, Shoko Kasuga, Yohei Otaka, Meigen Liu & Junichi Ushiba - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  49. A Simple Dynamic-Model for Recurrent Choice.D. G. S. Davis & Er Staddon - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):481-481.
     
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  50.  16
    The Diffusion Dynamics of Choice: From Durable Goods Markets to Fashion First Names.Baptiste Coulmont, Virginie Supervie & Romulus Breban - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):362-369.
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