Results for 'cybernetics'

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  1.  40
    Cybernetics: Or, Control and Communication in the Animal and the MacHine.Norbert Wiener - 1961 - New York: M.I.T. Press.
    This is a new release of the original 1949 edition.
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  2. Natural Cybernetics of Time, or About the Half of Any Whole.Vasil Penchev - 2021 - Information Systems eJournal (Elsevier: SSRN) 4 (28):1-55.
    Norbert Wiener’s idea of “cybernetics” is linked to temporality as in a physical as in a philosophical sense. “Time orders” can be the slogan of that natural cybernetics of time: time orders by itself in its “screen” in virtue of being a well-ordering valid until the present moment and dividing any totality into two parts: the well-ordered of the past and the yet unordered of the future therefore sharing the common boundary of the present between them when the (...)
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  3.  80
    Cybernetics and the Philosophy of Mind.Kenneth M. Sayre - 1976 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    This book, published in 1976, presents an entirely original approach to the subject of the mind-body problem, examining it in terms of the conceptual links between the physical sciences and the sciences of human behaviour. It is based on the cybernetic concepts of information and feedback and on the related concepts of thermodynamic and communication-theoretic entropy. The foundation of the approach is the theme of continuity between evolution, learning and human consciousness. The author defines life as a process of energy (...)
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  4. Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine.N. Wiener - 1948 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 141:578-580.
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  5.  53
    An Introduction to Cybernetics.W. Ross Ashby - 1956 - New York: J. Wiley.
    We must, therefore, make a study of mechanism; but some introduction is advisable, for cybernetics treats the subject from a new, and therefore unusual, ...
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  6.  41
    Cybernetics. Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. [REVIEW]E. N. - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (22):736-737.
  7. Cybernetics.Norbert Wiener - 1949 - Philosophy of Science 16 (2):159-160.
     
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  8. The Cybernetic Revolution and Historical Process.Leonid Grinin & Anton Grinin - 2015 - Social Evolution and History 14 (1):125-184.
    The article analyzes the technological shifts which took place in the second half of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries and predict the main shifts in the next half a century. On the basis of the analysis of the latest achievements in medicine, bio- and nanotechnologies, robotics, ICT and other technological directions and also on the basis of the opportunities provided by the theory of production revolutions the authors present a detailed analysis of the latest production revolution which is denoted (...)
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  9.  1
    Cybernetics and the Philosophy of Mind.Kenneth Sayre - 1976 - Routledge.
    This book, published in 1976, presents an entirely original approach to the subject of the mind-body problem, examining it in terms of the conceptual links between the physical sciences and the sciences of human behaviour. It is based on the cybernetic concepts of information and feedback and on the related concepts of thermodynamic and communication-theoretic entropy. The foundation of the approach is the theme of continuity between evolution, learning and human consciousness. The author defines life as a process of energy (...)
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  10. Cybernetic Revolution and Forthcoming Technological Transformations (The Development of the Leading Technologies in the Light of the Theory of Production Revolutions).Leonid Grinin & Anton Grinin - 2015 - In Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.), Evolution: From Big Bang to Nanorobots. Volgograd,Russia: Uchitel Publishing House. pp. 251-330.
    The article analyzes the technological shifts which took place in the second half of the 20th and early 21st centuries and forecasts the main shifts in the next half a century. On the basis of the analysis of the latest achievements in inno-vative technological directions and also on the basis of the opportunities pro-vided by the theory of production revolutions the authors present a detailed analysis of the latest production revolution which is denoted as ‘Сybernetic’. The authors give some forecasts (...)
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  11. Cybernetics.N. Wiener - 1952 - Scientia 46 (87):234.
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  12.  81
    The Human Use of Human Beings: Cybernetics and Society.Norbert Wiener - 1954 - Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
    As this book reveals, his vision was much more complex and interesting. He hoped that machines would release people from relentless and repetitive drudgery in order to achieve more creative pursuits.
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  13.  30
    Cybernetics and the Philosophy of Mind.Christopher S. Hill - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (3):494.
  14.  5
    Cybernetics for the Command Economy: Foregrounding Entropy in Late Soviet Planning.Diana Kurkovsky West - 2020 - History of the Human Sciences 33 (1):36-51.
    The Soviet Union had a long and complex relationship with cybernetics, especially in the domain of planning. This article looks at Soviet postwar efforts to draw up plans for the rapidly developing, industrializing, and urbanizing Siberia, where cybernetic models were used to develop a vision of cybernetic socialism. Removed from Moscow bureaucracy and politics, the various planning institutes of the Siberian Academy of Sciences became a key frontier for exploring the potential of cybernetic thinking to offer a necessary corrective (...)
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  15.  1
    Communicology, Cybernetics, and Chiasm: A Synergism of Logic, Linguistics, and Semiotics.Richard L. Lanigan - 2021 - In Carlos Vidales & Søren Brier (eds.), Introduction to Cybersemiotics: A Transdisciplinary Perspective. Springer Verlag. pp. 161-191.
    The analysis takes up the conjunction of semiotics and cybernetics as a problem in theory construction in the human sciences. From a philosophical perspective, this is also the ontological problem of communicology: the disciplinary study of human communication. My analysis suggests current conceptions of “semiotics” and “cybernetics” are misunderstood because “information” is assumed as synonymous with “communication” and that the axioms of “mathematics” are identical to those of “logics”. The evidence contained in the misunderstandings is a conflation of (...)
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  16. Cybernetics and the Transition From Classical to Trans-Classical Logic.Gotthard Gunther - 1965 - [Urbana, Biological Computer Laboratory, University of Illinois.
  17. The Cybernetic Revolution and the Forthcoming Epoch of Self-Regulating Systems.Leonud Grinin & Anton Grinin - 2016 - Moscow,Russia: "Uchitel" Publishing House.
    The monograph presents the ideas about the main changes that occurred in the development of technologies from the emergence of Homo sapiens till present time and outlines the prospects of their development in the next 30–60 years and in some respect until the end of the twenty-first century. What determines the transition of a society from one level of development to another? One of the most fundamental causes is the global technological transformations. Among all major technological breakthroughs in history the (...)
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  18.  4
    Feedback and Cybernetics: Reimaging the Body in the Age of the Cyborg.David Tomas - 1995 - Body and Society 1 (3-4):21-43.
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  19. Cybernetics and Management.Stafford Beer - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):258-258.
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  20.  30
    Less Cybernetics, More Geometry….René Thom - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):166-167.
  21.  10
    The Cybernetic Matrix of `French Theory'.Céline Lafontaine - 2007 - Theory, Culture and Society 24 (5):27-46.
    This article aims to draw a portrait of the influence of cybernetics on soft science. To this end, structuralism, post-structuralism and postmodern philosophy will be successively analyzed in a perspective based on importing concepts stemming from the cybernetic paradigm. By focusing more specifically on the American postwar context, we intend to remind the audience that many soft science specialists were involved in the elaboration of this ‘new science’. We will then retrace the influence of the cybernetic paradigm on structuralism. (...)
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  22. Natural Cybernetics and Mathematical History: The Principle of Least Choice in History.Vasil Penchev - 2020 - Cultural Anthropology (Elsevier: SSRN) 5 (23):1-44.
    The paper follows the track of a previous paper “Natural cybernetics of time” in relation to history in a research of the ways to be mathematized regardless of being a descriptive humanitarian science withal investigating unique events and thus rejecting any repeatability. The pathway of classical experimental science to be mathematized gradually and smoothly by more and more relevant mathematical models seems to be inapplicable. Anyway quantum mechanics suggests another pathway for mathematization; considering the historical reality as dual or (...)
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  23.  9
    Cybernetics and the Human Sciences.Stefanos Geroulanos & Leif Weatherby - 2020 - History of the Human Sciences 33 (1):3-11.
    Cybernetics saturates the humanities. Norbert Wiener’s movement gave vocabulary and hardware to developments all across the early digital era, and still does so today to those who seek to interpret it. Even while the Macy Conferences were still taking place in the early 1950s, talk of feedback and information and pattern had spread to popular culture – and to Europe. The new science created a shared language and culture for surpassing political and intellectual ideas that could be relegated to (...)
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  24.  4
    Back and forth: cybernetics interrelations and how it spread in Latin America.Ignacio Nieto Larrain, José-Carlos Mariátegui & David Maulén de los Reyes - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-12.
    Cybernetics is a science characterized by the utopian search for new relationships between different areas of knowledge. After the Second World War, the best-known references in Western academia were Norbert Wiener’s approaches to this new discipline. However, there is another little-known hemisphere of this development that remains understudied and we claim is key for its history which refers to the pioneering work of scientists, engineers and cultural practitioners in Latin America, as well as the materialization of specific experiences that (...)
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  25. Eco-Cybernetics: The Ecology and Cybernetics of Missing Emergences.Donato Bergandi - 2000 - Kybernetes 29 (7/8):928-942..
    Considers that in ecosystem, landscape and global ecology, an energetics reading of ecological systems is an expression of a cybernetic, systemic and holistic approach. In ecosystem ecology, the Odumian paradigm emphasizes the concept of emergence, but it has not been accompanied by the creation of a method that fully respects the complexity of the objects studied. In landscape ecology, although the emergentist, multi-level, triadic methodology of J.K. Feibleman and D.T. Campbell has gained acceptance, the importance of emergent properties is still (...)
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  26.  14
    Cybernetics. Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine.Alonzo Church - 1949 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (2):127-127.
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  27.  29
    A Cybernetic Theory of Morality and Moral Autonomy.Jean Chambers - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):177-192.
    Human morality may be thought of as a negative feedback cotrol system in which moral rules are reference values, and moral disapproval, blame, and punishment are forms of negative feedback given for violations of the moral rules. In such a system, if moral agents held each other accountable, moral norms would be enforced effectively. However, even a properly functioning social negative feedback system could not explain acts in which individual agents uphold moral rules in the face of contrary social pressure. (...)
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  28.  21
    The Cybernetic Unconscious: Rethinking Lacan, Poe, and French Theory.Lydia H. Liu - 2010 - Critical Inquiry 36 (2):288-320.
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  29.  28
    Cybernetic Muse: Hannah Arendt on Automation, 1951–1958.Brian Simbirski - 2016 - Journal of the History of Ideas 77 (4):589-613.
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  30.  7
    Cybernetics and systems art in Latin America: the art and communication center (CAyC) and its pioneering art and technology network.José-Carlos Mariátegui - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-14.
    Towards the end of the 1960s—a period of intense creative, technological and political changes—the Argentinian art critic and entrepreneur Jorge Glusberg founded the CAyC in Buenos Aires. CAyC was an interdisciplinary experimental project that explored the relationship between art, technology and society. It sought to articulate a network of discussions and productions by a new style of Latin American artist, deeply influenced by science, technology and society. Glusberg defined such practice as Systems Art, which appeared in three ways, namely as (...)
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  31.  1
    Theory of Reflection and Cybernetics: The Concepts of Reflection and Information and Their Significance for Materialist Monism.Jiří Zeman - 1988 - Elsevier.
  32. Cybernetics and the Philosophy of Mind.Kenneth Sayre - 1976 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30 (2):191-195.
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  33.  21
    Cybernetics, Reflexivity and Second-Order Science.L. H. Kauffman - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):489-497.
    Context: Second-order cybernetics and its implications have been understood within the cybernetics community for some time. These implications are important for understanding the structure of scientific endeavor, and for researchers in other fields to see the reflexive nature of scientific research. This article is about the role of context in the creation and exploration of our experience. Problem: The purpose of this article is to point out the fundamental nature of the circularity in cybernetics and in scientific (...)
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  34.  20
    Cybernetics: Circular Causal and Feedback Mechanisms in Biological and Social Systems.H. von Foerster - 1953 - Philosophy of Science 20 (4):346-347.
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  35.  5
    Cybernetics in Chile: a history with unexpected chapters.Juan-Carlos Letelier - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-9.
    During the sixties, a most curious symbiosis took hold between Heinz von Foerster then the Director of a top-notch and lavishly funded US laboratory [Biological Computer Laboratory, 1958–1975] and the Chilean neuroscientist Humberto R. Maturana professor at the Universidad de Chile. The chance encounter between them triggered a long-lasting friendship and a fundamental change in our understanding of Systems Science. In particular the contributions of Biology of Cognition and Autopoiesis are important to understand this change and the years 1968–1973 are (...)
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  36.  42
    Confrontation of the Cybernetic Definition of a Living Individual with the Real World.Bernard Korzeniewski - 2005 - Acta Biotheoretica 53 (1):1-28.
    The cybernetic definition of a living individual proposed previously (Korzeniewski, 2001) is very abstract and therefore describes the essence of life in a very formal and general way. In the present article this definition is reformulated in order to determine clearly the relation between life in general and a living individual in particular, and it is further explained and defended. Next, the cybernetic definition of a living individual is confronted with the real world. It is demonstrated that numerous restrictions imposed (...)
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  37. An Introduction to Cybernetics.[author unknown] - 1958 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 9 (34):168-170.
     
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  38.  5
    Cybernetics, operations research and information theory at the Ulm School of Design and its influence on Latin America.David Oswald - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-13.
    The Chilean Cybersyn project, an attempt to manage a nation’s economy by cybernetic methods, has evoked more and more interest in recent years. The project’s design lead and several team members were alumni of the Ulm School of Design—an institution that has been labelled “Bauhaus successor” and today is famous for a no-arts and method-led design approach with strong societal aspirations. The school also influenced the emerging design discipline in Latin America during the 1960s and 70s. This article reviews topics (...)
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  39.  9
    The Cybernetic Laws of Social Progress: Towards a Critical Social Philosophy and a Criticism of Marxism.Arvid Aulin - 1982 - Pergamon Press.
    Depicts the development of societal organization, welfare & political freedom as a gradual process of increased self-steering, with man as a self-steering actor, thereby rejecting the man-machine analogy.
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  40.  14
    Cybernetic Foundations for Psychology.Bernard C. E. Scott Scott - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):509-517.
    Context: The field of psychology consists of many specialist domains of activity, which lack shared foundations. This means that the field as a whole lacks conceptual coherence. Problem: The aim of the article is to show how second-order cybernetics can provide both foundations and a unifying conceptual framework for psychology. Method: The field of psychology is overviewed. There is then a demonstration of how cybernetics can provide both foundations and a unifying conceptual framework. This entails defining some key (...)
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  41.  30
    Cybernetics as a Usable Past: Andrew Pickering: The Cybernetic Brain: Sketches of Another Future. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010, X+526pp, US$55.00 HB.Ronald R. Kline - 2011 - Metascience 20 (3):519-524.
    Cybernetics as a usable past Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9497-x Authors Ronald R. Kline, Science and Technology Studies Department, 334 Rockefeller Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  42.  8
    An Introduction to Cybernetics[REVIEW]W. R. Ashby - 1957 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 35:147.
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  43.  43
    Second-Order Cybernetics as a Fundamental Revolution in Science.S. A. Umpleby - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):455-465.
    Context: The term “second-order cybernetics” was introduced by von Foerster in 1974 as the “cybernetics of observing systems,” both the act of observing systems and systems that observe. Since then, the term has been used by many authors in articles and books and has been the subject of many conference panels and symposia. Problem: The term is still not widely known outside the fields of cybernetics and systems science and the importance and implications of the work associated (...)
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  44.  19
    Why Cybernetics? Why Love?Jocelyn Chapman - 2019 - World Futures 75 (1-2):1-4.
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  45. From Cybernetics to Semiotics in Biology.Alexei A. Sharov - 1998 - Semiotica 120 (3-4):403-419.
     
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  46.  22
    Cybernetic Pluralism in an Emerging Global Information and Computing Ethics.Charles Ess - 2007 - International Review of Information Ethics 7:09.
    I trace the development of an emerging global Information and Computing Ethics , arguing that ethical pluralism – as found in both Western and Asian traditions – is crucial to such an ICE. In particular, ethical pluralism – as affiliated with notions of judgment , reson-ance, and harmony – holds together shared ethical norms alongside the irreducible differences that define individual and cultural identities. I demonstrate how such pluralism is already at work in both contemporary theory and praxis, including in (...)
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  47.  4
    The Cybernetics of political communications and social transformation in Colombia: the case of the National Audit Office.Raúl Espejo - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-13.
    This contribution offers the author’s personal experience with a project that took place 25 years ago in Latin America. This was about Second Order Auditing in Colombia during the second part of the 1990s. This project was carried out at the Country’s National Auditing Office, and was an application of the Viable System Model and the Viplan Methodology to a National Context. It was an innovative project at the CGR, focused on Second Order Auditing, to improve communications within the fabric (...)
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  48.  18
    Classical Cybernetics and Transhumanism: A Reply to Richmond’s Review of The Nature of the Machine and the Collapse of Cybernetics.Alcibiades Malapi-Nelson - 2019 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 49 (1):64-68.
    Sheldon Richmond has written an insightful and exhaustive review of my book The Nature of the Machine and the Collapse of Cybernetics: A Transhumanist Lesson for Emerging Technologies. Richmond voices concerns regarding some suggestions I made about the future of humanity vis-à-vis a contemporary cybernetic reinstantiation in the form of Emerging Technologies. He suggests that future cybernetically rooted sciences can pose peril for the human condition. This reply is intended to clarify certain points that Richmond brings up, by means (...)
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  49.  2
    How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics.N. Katherine Hayles - 1999 - University of Chicago Press.
    In this age of DNA computers and artificial intelligence, information is becoming disembodied even as the "bodies" that once carried it vanish into virtuality. While some marvel at these changes, envisioning consciousness downloaded into a computer or humans "beamed" _Star Trek_-style, others view them with horror, seeing monsters brooding in the machines. In _How We Became Posthuman,_ N. Katherine Hayles separates hype from fact, investigating the fate of embodiment in an information age. Hayles relates three interwoven stories: how information lost (...)
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  50. Cybernetics and the Philosophy of Mind.Kenneth Sayre - 1976 - Mind 87 (347):464-466.
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