Results for 'corporate governance'

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  1.  11
    Efeitos da corporate governance no setor público: o caso dos municípios portugueses.Maria da Conceição Da Costa Marques - 2023 - Human Review. International Humanities Review / Revista Internacional de Humanidades 17 (6):1-7.
    Neste artigo vamos caraterizar a governação pública da área autárquica, traçando uma perspetiva da sua evolução em Portugal.A Corporate governance tem merecido uma crescente atenção desde há uns anos a esta parte, incorporando um conjunto de regras e procedimentos que têm como objetivo otimizar o desempenho de uma organização, com observância de princípios como a transparência e a responsabilização.As políticas públicas e a administração pública em geral são cada vez mais influenciadas por princípios e procedimentos próprios do setor (...)
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  2. Corporate Governance Reform and CEO Compensation: Intended and Unintended Consequences.Ella Mae Matsumura & Jae Yong Shin - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (2):101-113.
    Recent scandals allegedly linked to CEO compensation have brought executive compensation and perquisites to the forefront of debate about constraining executive compensation and reforming the associated corporate governance structure. We briefly describe the structure of executive compensation, and the agency theory framework that has commonly been used to conceptualize executives acting on behalf of shareholders. We detail some criticisms of executive compensation and associated ethical issues, and then discuss what previous research suggests are likely intended and unintended consequences (...)
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  3. Corporate Governance and Ethics: A Feminist Perspective.Silke Machold, Pervaiz K. Ahmed & Stuart S. Farquhar - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (3):665-678.
    The mainstream literature on corporate governance is based on the premise of conflicts of interest in a competitive game played by variously defined stakeholders and thus builds explicitly and/or implicitly on masculinist ethical theories. This article argues that insights from feminist ethics, and in particular ethics of care, can provide a different, yet relevant, lens through which to study corporate governance. Based on feminist ethical theories, the article conceptualises a governance model that is different from (...)
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  4. Corporate Governance, Ethics, and the Backdating of Stock Options.Avshalom M. Adam & Mark S. Schwartz - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S1):225 - 237.
    Backdating of stock options is an example of an agency problem. It has emerged despite all the measures (i.e., new regulations and additional corporate governance mechanisms) aimed at addressing such problems? Beyond such negative controlling measures, a more positive empowering approach based on ethics may also be necessary. What ethical measures need to be taken to address the agency problem? What values and norms should guide the board of directors in protecting the shareholders' interests? To examine these issues, (...)
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  5.  34
    Corporate Governance in a Risk Society.Anselm Schneider & Andreas Georg Scherer - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 126 (2):1-15.
    Under conditions of growing interconnectedness of the global economy, more and more stakeholders are exposed to risks and costs resulting from business activities that are neither regulated nor compensated for by means of national governance. The changing distribution of risks poses a threat to the legitimacy of business firms that normally derive their legitimacy from operating in compliance with the legal rules of democratic nation states. However, during the process of globalization, the regulatory power of nation states has been (...)
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  6.  40
    Corporate governance en het maatschappelijk belang.Rutger Claassen & Dirk Schoenmaker - 2022 - Amsterdam, Nederland: Pre-adviezen van de Koninklijke Vereniging voor de Staathuishoudkunde.
  7.  78
    Corporate Governance and the Responsibility of the Board of Directors for Strategic Financial Reporting.James C. Gaa - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S2):179 - 197.
    One of the fundamental principles of good corporate governance is transparency, i.e., the disclosure of private information to external stakeholders, so that they may make judgments and decisions relating to the corporation. Equally important, but less discussed, is the competing value that corporations need to protect legitimate secrets. Corporations thus need a communication strategy for dealing with external stakeholders which addresses the conflict between disclosure and secrecy. This article focuses on an important element of that communication strategy in (...)
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  8. Corporate Governance: An Ethical Perspective.Surendra Arjoon - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 61 (4):343-352.
    This paper discusses corporate governance issues from a compliance viewpoint. It makes a distinction between legal and ethical compliance mechanisms and shows that the former has clearly proven to be inadequate as it lacks the moral firepower to restore confidence and the ability to build trust. The concepts of freedom of indifference and freedom for excellence provide a theoretical basis for explaining why legal compliance mechanisms are insufficient in dealing with fraudulent practices and may not be addressing the (...)
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  9.  88
    Corporate governance reforms in developing countries.Darryl Reed - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (3):223 - 247.
    Corporate governance reforms are occurring in countries around the globe. In developing countries, such reforms occur in a context that is primarily defined by previous attempts at promoting "development" and recent processes of economic globalization. This context has resulted in the adoption of reforms that move developing countries in the direction of an Anglo-American model of governance. The most basic questions that arise with respect to these governance reforms are what prospects they entail for traditional development (...)
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  10.  12
    Corporate Governance and Complexity Theory.Marc Goergen (ed.) - 2010 - Edward Elgar.
    Introduction -- The legal aspects -- Corporate governance and corporate performance -- Complexity and corporate governance -- Conclusion.
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  11.  39
    Corporate Governance Reforms: Redefined Expectations of Audit Committee Responsibilities and Effectiveness.Sandra C. Vera-Muñoz - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (2):115-127.
    Comprehensive regulatory changes brought on by recent corporate governance reforms have broadly redefined and re-emphasized the roles and responsibilities of all the participants in a public company’s financial reporting process. Most notably, these reforms have intensified scrutiny of corporate audit committees, whose role as protectors of investors’ interests now attracts substantially higher visibility and expectations. As a result, audit committees face the formidable challenge of effectively overseeing the company’s financial reporting process in a dramatically changed – and (...)
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  12.  75
    Corporate Governance Quality and CSR Disclosures.MuiChing Carina Chan, John Watson & David Woodliff - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (1):1-15.
    Given the increasing importance attached to both corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate governance, this study investigates the association between these two complimentary mechanisms used by companies to enhance relations with stakeholders. Consistent with both legitimacy and stakeholder theory and controlling for industry profile, firm size, stockholder power/dispersion, creditor power/leverage, and economic performance, our analysis of the annual reports for a sample of 222 listed companies suggests that firms providing more CSR information: have better corporate (...) ratings; are larger; belong to higher profile industries; and are more highly leveraged. Our findings support the limited prior research suggesting a link between corporate governance quality and CSR disclosure in company annual reports and suggest that, rather than mandating specific disclosures, regulators might be better served focussing on corporate governance quality as a way of increasing CSR disclosures. (shrink)
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  13. Corporate governance and trust in business: A matter of balance.G. J. Rossouw - 2005 - African Journal of Business Ethics 1 (1):1.
    The recent prominence of corporate governance was sparked by a decline in trust in business that followed on some spectacular corporate scandals. There is an expectation that adherence to the standards of good corporate governance can restore trust in business. This article examines the link between corporate governance and trust and finds that at least theoretically there is a positive correlation between corporate governance and trust in business. It is however argued (...)
     
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  14.  76
    Corporate Governance and Institutional Transparency in Emerging Markets.Carla Cjm Millar, Tarek I. EldomIaty, Chong Ju Choi & Brian Hilton - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 59 (1-2):163-174.
    This paper posits that differences in corporate governance structure partly result from differences in institutional arrangements linked to business systems. We developed a new international triad of business systems: the Anglo-American, the Communitarian and the Emerging system, building on the frameworks of Choi et al. (British Academy of Management (Kynoch Birmingham) 1996, Management International Review 39, 257–279, 1999). A common factor determining the success of a corporate governance structure is the extent to which it is transparent (...)
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  15.  56
    What Corporate Governance Can Learn from Catholic Social Teaching.Martijn Cremers - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (4):711-724.
    This reflection focuses on what insights Catholic Social Teaching can provide for corporate governance. I argue that the ‘standard’ agency theory is overly reductionist and insufficiently incorporates important economic limitations as well as human frailty. As a result, such agency theory insufficiently distinguishes firms from markets, which can easily relativize how we treat others and facilitate rationalization of unethical behavior. I then explore how three pillars of CST—human dignity, solidarity, and subsidiarity—can help overcome these limitations. CST proposes a (...)
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  16.  12
    Corporate Governance and Humble Leadership as Antecedents of Corporate Financial Performance: Monetary Incentive as a Moderator.Sajjad Zahoor, Shuili Yang, Xiaoyan Ren & Syed Arslan Haider - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13:904076.
    Investors' confidence in the financial market is boosted by good corporate governance (CG). Good governance builds trust and improves an organization's financial performance (FP). However, organizations with bad management lose the trust of their stakeholders because they do not perform well financially. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the influence of CG 89; on FP through mediating the role of humble leadership (HL) and monetary incentive (MI) as a moderator between CG and HL. Data (...)
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  17.  50
    Corporate Governance and Intellectual Capital Disclosure.Ruth L. Hidalgo, Emma García-Meca & Isabel Martínez - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (3):483 - 495.
    The aim of this article is to analyse the internal mechanisms of corporate governance (board of directors and ownership structure), which influence voluntary disclosure of intangibles. The results appear to corroborate the view that an increase in institutional investor shareholding has a negative effect on voluntary disclosure, supporting the hypothesis of entrenchment, whereas an excessive ownership by institutional investors may have adverse effects on strategic disclosure decisions. The results also indicate that an increase in the number of members (...)
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  18.  55
    Corporate Governance Reforms in India.Ananya Mukherjee Reed - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (3):249 - 268.
    In recent years India has been moving further in the direction of adopting an Anglo-American model of corporate governance. This decision, the result more of international economic and political pressures than public debate, in effect represents a new development strategy for the world's most populous democracy. In light of this situation, it is important to ask two basic questions: 1) why has the Anglo-American model of corporate governance been adopted? and; 2) can it be justified? This (...)
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  19.  23
    Corporate Governance Meets Corporate Social Responsibility: Mapping the Interface.Dima Jamali, Georges Samara, Tanusree Jain & Rashid Zaman - 2022 - Business and Society 61 (3):690-752.
    Despite ample research on corporate governance (CG) and corporate social responsibility (CSR), there is a lack of consensus on the nature of the relationship between these two concepts and on how this relationship manifests across institutional contexts. Drawing on the national business systems approach, this article systematically reviews 218 research articles published over a 27-year period to map how CG–CSR research has evolved and progressed theoretically and methodologically across different institutional contexts. To shed light on the full (...)
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  20. Theorising corporate citizenship. Jeremy moon, Andrew Crane and Dirk Matten / corporate power and responsibility : A citizenship perspective; Christopher Cowton / governing the corporate citizen : Reflections on the role of professionals; Tatjana schönwälder-kuntze.Corporate Citizenship From A. View - 2008 - In Jesús Conill Sancho, Christoph Luetge & Tatjana Schó̈nwälder-Kuntze (eds.), Corporate Citizenship, Contractarianism and Ethical Theory: On Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Ashgate Pub. Company.
     
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  21.  14
    Internal corporate governance and personal trust.Deon Rossouw - 2009 - African Journal of Business Ethics 4 (1):37.
    There are various indications that corporations and their leaders are currently not perceived as trustworthy. This decline in trust is one of the factors that has contributed to the rise of interest in corporate governance. There is an explicit expectation that an adherence to the principles and practice of good corporate governance will bolster the trust of stakeholders in business. It is exactly this expectation that provides the focus for this article. The expectation that good (...) governance will result in higher levels of trust will be critically examined. This will be done by first making some crucial distinctions regarding corporate governance in order to clarify what kind of corporate governance is at stake in the examination that is to follow. Also, with regard to the concept of 'trust', a number of important distinctions will be made to clarify what is meant by trust within the context of this paper. Against the backdrop of these distinctions regarding corporate governance and trust, the question will then be refined as to whether, specifically, internal corporate governance can bolster the perceptions of trustworthiness that stakeholders have of business. Principles and practices of internal corporate governance will then be critically examined to determine their potential for enhancing stakeholders' perceptions of the trustworthiness of corporations and their leaders. (shrink)
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  22. Corporate governance in nigeria.Boniface Ahunwan - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (3):269 - 287.
    In recent years, international economic pressures have induced Nigeria to adopt a program of economic liberalization and deregulation. Advocates of the reforms tout their potential not only for generating greater economic growth, but also for contributing to more responsible corporate governance. Sceptics abound. This paper provides an account of the nature of corporate governance in Nigeria and investigates the prospects for recent reforms contributing to more responsible governance and development.
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  23.  36
    Corporate Governance and Executive Compensation for Corporate Social Responsibility.Bryan Hong, Zhichuan Li & Dylan Minor - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (1):199-213.
    We link the corporate governance literature in financial economics to the agency cost perspective of corporate social responsibility to derive theoretical predictions about the relationship between corporate governance and the existence of executive compensation incentives for CSR. We test our predictions using novel executive compensation contract data, and find that firms with more shareholder-friendly corporate governance are more likely to provide compensation to executives linked to firm social performance outcomes. Also, providing executives with (...)
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  24.  52
    Corporate Governance and CSR Nexus.Maretno A. Harjoto & Hoje Jo - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (1):45 - 67.
    Some argue that managers over-invest in corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities to build their personal reputations as good global citizens. Others claim that CEOs strategically choose CSR activities to reduce the probability of CEO turnover in a future period through indirect support from activists. Still others assert that firms use CSR activities to signal their product quality. We find that firms use governance mechanisms, along with CSR engagement, to reduce conflicts of interest between managers and non-investing stakeholders. Employing (...)
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  25.  19
    Corporate Governance Research Opportunities in Nigeria: A National Development Issue.Rosemary O. Obasi - 2019 - International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 87:13-22.
    Publication date: 2 May 2019 Source: Author: Rosemary O. Obasi This paper presents a number of research opportunities in corporate governance in Nigeria. Corporate governance has come along with changes in Nigeria regulatory framework for financial reporting and corporate governance code during the recent years. The researcher identified some important areas where research can help advance our knowledge and provide relevant information for policy makers. These research areas include audit firm governance, corporate (...)
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  26.  75
    Enlightened Corporate Governance: Specific Investments by Employees as Legitimation for Residual Claims.Alexander Brink - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (4):641-651.
    While much has been written on specificity (e.g., in texts on new institutional economics, agency theory, and team production theory), there are still some insights to be learnt by business ethicists. This article approaches the issue from the perspective of team production, and will propose a new form of corporate governance: enlightened corporate governance, which takes into consideration the specific investments of employees. The article argues that, in addition to shareholders, employees also bear a residual risk (...)
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  27.  35
    Corporate Governance in South Africa.G. J. Rossouw, A. van der Watt & D. P. Malan - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (3):289-302.
    The King Report on Corporate Governance (1994) evoked unprecedented interest in corporate governance in South Africa. This does not mean that corporate governance was not an issue of concern before the release of this historical report. To the contrary, corporate governance in its broader sense has been at stake since the inception of the first publicly owned companies in South Africa. This article intends to give an overview of corporate governance (...)
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  28.  36
    Corporate Governance and Corruption: Ethical Dilemmas of Asian Business Groups.Marie Dela Rama - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (4):501-519.
    This study looks at how the corporate governance of family-owned business groups, the most dominant form of private sector organising in Asia, deals with different forms of corruption during the course of common business transactions. As a part of an ethnographic study conducted in 2007 to look at the impact of corporate governance reforms in the Philippines, one of the emergent themes from the study was the presence of significant corruption in the business environment of the (...)
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  29. Corporate governance in south Africa.G. J. Rossouw, A. van der Watt & D. P. Malan Rossouw - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (3):289 - 302.
    The King Report on Corporate Governance (1994) evoked unprecedented interest in corporate governance in South Africa. This does not mean that corporate governance was not an issue of concern before the release of this historical report. To the contrary, corporate governance in its broader sense has been at stake since the inception of the first publicly owned companies in South Africa. This article intends to give an overview of corporate governance (...)
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  30. Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure: Evidence from the US Banking Sector. [REVIEW]Mohammad Issam Jizi, Aly Salama, Robert Dixon & Rebecca Stratling - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (4):1-15.
    There is a distinct lack of research into the relationship between corporate governance and corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the banking sector. This paper fills the gap in the literature by examining the impact of corporate governance, with particular reference to the role of board of directors, on the quality of CSR disclosure in US listed banks’ annual reports after the US sub-prime mortgage crisis. Using a sample of large US commercial banks for the period (...)
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  31.  11
    Corporate governance in real estate investment trusts: a systematic literature review and ideas for future research.Michail Pazarskis, Stergios Galanis, Andreas G. Koutoupis & Athina Stavrou - 2024 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 18 (1):1-26.
    Although much has been written globally about the key issues of corporate governance in REITs, there are not enough studies inspired by the systematic literature review method. This study reviews the literature on corporate governance in real estate investment trusts (REITs) published after 2004 and addresses three interrelated research questions. We examined 77 peer-reviewed journal articles using a systematic literature review approach. We found that there has been a rise in studies since 2010, with a brief (...)
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  32. Corporate governance in Brazil.Flávio M. Rabelo & Flávio C. Vasconcelos - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (3):321 - 335.
    Corporate governance is an issue of growing importance in developing economies, as many firms pass through significant transformations due to the combined forces of sociopolitical changes, technological progress and economic trends toward globalization. These elements, along with the structural characteristics of developing economies such as less developed capital markets and governmental interventionism, draw a picture for corporate governance practices that may, in some aspects, be fundamentally different from the practices found in European or North American contexts. (...)
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  33.  24
    Corporate Governance in South Africa.G. J. Rossouw, A. Van der Watt & D. P. Malan - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (3):289 - 302.
    The King Report on Corporate Governance (1994) evoked unprecedented interest in corporate governance in South Africa. This does not mean that corporate governance was not an issue of concern before the release of this historical report. To the contrary, corporate governance in its broader sense has been at stake since the inception of the first publicly owned companies in South Africa. This article intends to give an overview of corporate governance (...)
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  34.  20
    Are Rawlsian Considerations of Corporate Governance Illiberal? A Reply to Singer.Sandrine Blanc - 2016 - Business Ethics Quarterly 26 (3):407-421.
    ABSTRACT:Singer has recently argued that questions related to corporate governance are beyond the reach of Rawls’s political conception of justice. This is because justice applies to the basic structure of society, understood as society’s legally coercive structures, and because corporate governance cannot be considered part of this structure in political liberalism. This commentary challenges the second part of the argument. First, it suggests that the criterion used to exclude corporate governance from the basic structure—whether (...)
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  35.  27
    Does Corporate Governance Influence Earnings Management in Latin American Markets?Jesus Sáenz González & Emma García-Meca - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 121 (3):419-440.
    Although US and European research has documented improvement in earnings quality associated with corporate governance characteristics, the situation in Latin America is questionable, given the business environment in which firms operate, which is characterized by controlling family ownership and weak legal protection. The purpose of this study is to examine the relation between the internal mechanisms of Corporate Governance and Earnings Management measured by discretionary accrual. We use a sample of listed Latin American non-financial companies from (...)
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  36.  13
    Corporate Governance under State Control: The Chinese Experience.Zhaofeng Wang - 2012 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 13 (2):487-502.
    Corporations controlled by the Chinese government originated as state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and still constitute the foundation of the Chinese economy. In addition to their profit-maximization goal, they are expected to contribute to the national welfare, maintain a harmonious society, and ensure sustainable economic development. They thus pursue both firm goals and national goals. This dual goal has shaped corporate governance under state control. While Chinese SOE performance has improved in recent years, certain problems remain. This Article suggests how (...)
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  37.  49
    Does Corporate Governance Enhance Common Interests of Shareholders and Primary Stakeholders?Ninghua Zhong, Shujing Wang & Rudai Yang - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 141 (2):411-431.
    Employing a unique dataset of Chinese non-listed firms, this paper investigates the effects of the presence of 19 governance structures on 20 employees’ interest indicators. In general, we find that firms with the governance structures pay workers higher hourly wages, require less monthly working hours, and have a smaller chance of wage arrears. Meanwhile, the shares of total wage and welfare expenditures in total sales revenue are lower in these firms, which results in higher profitability. Moreover, firms with (...)
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  38.  9
    Corporate governance and firm performance of listed Indian companies.Premananda Sethi, Tarak Nath Sahu & Sudarshan Maity - 2023 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 17 (5):573-588.
    The present study investigates the interrelationship of corporate governance parameters like board independence and corporate board meetings. The other important control variables like age, leverage, firm's liquidity and size of the firm have been employed to analyse the alliance between corporate governance, vertical agency cost and performance of the firm. The study considers data corresponding to a panel of 76 non-financial firms during 2010-2019 listed in the National Stock Exchange, India. The study tries to empirically (...)
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  39. The Causal Effect of Corporate Governance on Corporate Social Responsibility.Hoje Jo & Maretno A. Harjoto - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1):53-72.
    In this article, we examine the empirical association between corporate governance (CG) and corporate social responsibility (CSR) engagement by investigating their causal effects. Employing a large and extensive US sample, we first find that while the lag of CSR does not affect CG variables, the lag of CG variables positively affects firms’ CSR engagement, after controlling for various firm characteristics. In addition, to examine the relative importance of stakeholder theory and agency theory regarding the associations among CSR, (...)
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  40. Corporate Governance and Firm Value: The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility. [REVIEW]Hoje Jo & Maretno A. Harjoto - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (3):351-383.
    This study investigates the effects of internal and external corporate governance and monitoring mechanisms on the choice of corporate social responsibility (CSR) engagement and the value of firms engaging in CSR activities. The study finds the CSR choice is positively associated with the internal and external corporate governance and monitoring mechanisms, including board leadership, board independence, institutional ownership, analyst following, and anti- takeover provisions, after controlling for various firm characteristics. After correcting for endogeneity and simultaneity (...)
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  41.  48
    Corporate Governance and Sustainability Performance: Analysis of Triple Bottom Line Performance.Nazim Hussain, Ugo Rigoni & René P. Orij - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (2):411-432.
    The study empirically investigates the relationship between corporate governance and the triple bottom line sustainability performance through the lens of agency theory and stakeholder theory. We claim, in fact, that no single theory fully accounts for all the hypothesised relationships. We measure sustainability performance through manual content analysis on sustainability reports of the US-based companies. The study extends the existing literature by investigating the impact of selected corporate governance mechanisms on each dimension of sustainability performance, as (...)
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  42. Corporate Governance in China—Is Economic Growth Potential Hindered by Guanxi?Udo C. Braendle, Tanja Gasser & Juergen Noll - 2005 - Business and Society Review 110 (4):389-405.
    Despite the opening of the market and partial privatization of state‐owned companies in China, the state still represents the controlling shareholder in larger companies. By analyzing the weaknesses of Chinese corporate governance we illustrate the framework for harmful corruption. China is characterized by a weak legal system and strong influences of traditions such as guanxi. In this article we analyze the influence of guanxi on the Chinese corporate governance system. We find that guanxi is in general (...)
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  43.  58
    Islamic Corporate Governance: Risk-Sharing and Islamic Preferred Shares.Mohammad Al-Suhaibani & Nader Naifar - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (4):623-632.
    The recent financial crises indicated the need to reinforce corporate governance mechanisms in emerging and developing market economies. Corporate governance refers to all the factors that affect firm processes. Firms must avoid debt financing instruments and adopt financing instruments that allow for “risk-sharing” rather than “risk-shifting” because all recent financial crises were, in essence, debt crises. The primary objective of this paper is to examine the principles of risk-sharing promoted by Islamic finance and study their implications (...)
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  44. Corporate governance reform: A social constructionist approach to recurring problems under agency theory's influence.Plessis Cd - 2007 - African Journal of Business Ethics 2 (1):10.
    A shift in the cultural conception of the firm as productionsystem to that as investment-system entrenches the institutional logic of agency theory in governance reform. Reform initiatives emphasize the separation between management and the board, forensic reporting requirements, and the primacy of shareholders' entitlement to control and residual gains. Problems associated with this agency logic render reform unable to deliver a broad-based ethical operating environment. The introduction of a version of stakeholder theory, augmented by Knightian uncertainty, places the development (...)
     
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  45.  68
    Corporate governance in mexico.Bryan W. Husted & Carlos Serrano - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (3):337 - 348.
    This paper looks broadly at the theme of corporate governance in Mexico. It begins with a brief analysis of the historical corporate governance model in Mexico, including the governance structures, the banking and financial systems, ownership and control patterns, industrial policy, and industrial relations. The paper then examines how and why these various aspects of corporate governance have been changing with processes of economic liberalization currently under way. Finally, it analyzes the consequences of (...)
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  46.  16
    Is corporate governance relevant to firm performance Evidence from Indian manufacturing companies.Tarak Nath Sahu & Subhas Mondal - 2024 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 18 (1):27-44.
    This article empirically examines how the performance of Indian manufacturing corporations is affected by corporate governance practices. The study has used panel data comprising of 76 manufacturing companies listed in BSE, for a consecutive six-year period, from 2015-2016 to 2020-2021. The study has applied panel data regression model to enquire the impact of ownership structure variables; and also board composition variables on firm performance using Tobin's Q and ROA. The findings reveal that ownership structure variables, board size and (...)
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  47.  71
    Theorising South Africa’s Corporate Governance.Andrew West - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (4):433 - 448.
    South Africa’s principal corporate governance report aspires to an ‘inclusive’ approach to corporate governance, in which companies are clearly advised to consider the interests of a variety of stakeholders. Yet, in common with many other countries, there is little discussion of the theoretical foundations and assumptions implicit in the recommended approach to corporate governance. The purpose of this article is to provide an analysis of corporate governance and the corporate environment in (...)
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  48.  41
    Corporate governance systems as dynamic institutions: Towards a dynamic model of corporate governance systems.Chukwunonye O. Emenalo - 2012 - African Journal of Business Ethics 6 (1):39.
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  49.  46
    Corporate governance mechanisms and the performance of small-cap firms in canada.Lorne N. Switzer & Catherine Kelly - 2006 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 2 (s 3-4):294-328.
    Identifying corporate governance mechanisms to improve firm performance has been at the forefront of policy discussion and research in recent years. Existing research in this area focuses on large-capitalisation firms, and has not provided much insight on smaller firms. This paper tests for the optimality of deployment of governance mechanisms for Canadian small-cap firms by estimating a simultaneous equation system that links four control mechanisms to firm performance, using recent data. The results confirm simultaneity between several (...) mechanisms and Canadian small-cap firm performance. CEO ownership and shareholder rights are shown to determine board independence. CEO ownership in turn is shown to depend on the extent of shareholder rights and whether the CEO is also Chairperson of the board. Canadian small-cap firms appear to overutilise debt as a control mechanism. There is somewhat weaker evidence that board independence and CEO ownership are beyond the optimum. The latter, given the relatively high degree of CEO ownership in Canadian small-cap firms, is consistent with management entrenchment. We also do not find any significant discount to performance for Quebec-based firms, or for firms with dual or multiple voting class shares structures. (shrink)
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    Corporate governance and business ethics.Atul K. Shah - 1996 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 5 (4):225–233.
    “It is this distancing of personal relationships, combined with their replacement by written contractual terms and conditions, which make the discussion of ethics within a corporate institutionalised context highly limited and problematic.’ The challenge is to find means of personalising modern corporations so as to encourage ethical behaviour. Atul K. Shah PhD ACA gained his doctorate from the London School of Economics and is Lecturer in the Department of Accounting and Financial Management, at the University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, (...)
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