Results for 'better than'

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  1.  57
    Better Than Human: The Promise and Perils of Enhancing Ourselves.Allen Buchanan - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    In Better than Human, noted bioethicist Allen Buchanan grapples with the ethical dilemmas of the medical revolution and biomedical enhancements. One problem, he argues, is that the debate over these enhancements has divided into polar extremes--into denunciations of meddling in the natural order, or else a heady optimism that we can cure all that ails humanity. In fact, Buchanan notes, the human genome has always been unstable, and intervention is no offense against nature.
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  2.  78
    Better Than Our Nature.Michael Vlerick - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    The fact of evolution raises important questions for the position of moral realism, because the origin of our moral dispositions in a contingent evolutionary process is on the face of it incompatible with the view that our moral beliefs track independent moral truths. Moreover, this meta-ethical worry seems to undermine the normative justification of our moral norms and beliefs. If we don’t have any grounds to believe that the source of our moral beliefs has any ontological authority, how can our (...)
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  3. Better Than Mere Knowledge? The Function of Sensory Awareness.Mark Johnston - 2006 - In John Hawthorne & Tamar Gendler (eds.), Perceptual Experience. Oxford University Press. pp. 260--290.
  4.  69
    Better Than.Chrisoula Andreou - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (6):1621-1638.
    It is commonly held that rational preferences must be acyclic. There have, however, been cases that have been put forward as counterexamples to this view. This paper focuses on the following question: If the counterexamples are compelling and rational preferences can be cyclic, what should we conclude about the presumed acyclicity of the “better than” relation? Building on some revisionary suggestions concerning acyclicity and betterness, I make a case for hanging on to the presumption that “better (...)” is acyclic even if “is rationally preferred to” is not. As I explain, the divergence my view makes room for does not threaten to make “better than” judgments less relevant to choice than judgments about rational preference. To the contrary, it makes them more relevant. Toward the end of the paper, I extend my results to the relation “is morally better than” in light of the possibility that there might be moral preferability cycles. (shrink)
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  5.  13
    Better Than Human: The Promise and Perils of Biomedical Enhancement.Allen Buchanan - 2012 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Is it right to use biomedical technologies to make us better than well or even perhaps better than human? Should we view our biology as fixed or should we try to improve on it? College students are already taking cognitive enhancement drugs. The U.S. army is already working to develop drugs and technologies to produce "super soldiers." Scientists already know how to use genetic engineering techniques to enhance the strength and memories of mice and the application (...)
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  6. Better Than Men?: Sex and the Therapy/Enhancement Distinction.Robert Sparrow - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (2):pp. 115-144.
    The normative significance of the distinction between therapy and enhancement has come under sustained philosophical attack in recent discussions of the ethics of shaping future persons by means of preimplantation genetic diagnosis and other advanced genetic technologies. In this paper, I argue that giving up the idea that the answer to the question as to whether a condition is “normal” should play a crucial role in assessing the ethics of genetic interventions has unrecognized and strongly counterintuitive implications when it comes (...)
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  7.  22
    The Multidimensional Structure of ‘better than’.Erich H. Rast - 2022 - Axiomathes 32 (2):291-319.
    According to the mixed lexicographic/additive account of ‘better than’ and similar aggregative value comparatives like ‘healthier than’, values are multidimensional and different aspects of a value are aggregated into an overall assessment in a lexicographic way, based on an ordering of value aspects. It is argued that this theory can account for an acceptable definition of Chang’s notion of parity and that it also offers a solution to Temkin’s and Rachels’s Spectrum Cases without giving up the transitivity (...)
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  8.  50
    Better Than Zilch?Filippo Casati & Naoya Fujikawa - 2015 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 24 (2).
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  9.  14
    When Are Two Witnesses Better Than One?David Atkinson & Jeanne Peijnenburg - unknown
    Even if two testimonies in a criminal trial are independent, they are not necessarily more trustworthy than one. But if they are independent in the sense that they are screened off from one another by the crime, then two testimonies raise the probability of guilt above the level that one testimony alone could achieve. In fact this screening-off condition can be weakened without changing the conclusion. It is however only a sufficient, not a necessary condition for concluding that two (...)
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  10. The Good, the Bad, and the Transitivity of Better Than.Jacob M. Nebel - 2018 - Noûs 52 (4):874-899.
    The Rachels–Temkin spectrum arguments against the transitivity of better than involve good or bad experiences, lives, or outcomes that vary along multiple dimensions—e.g., duration and intensity of pleasure or pain. This paper presents variations on these arguments involving combinations of good and bad experiences, which have even more radical implications than the violation of transitivity. These variations force opponents of transitivity to conclude that something good is worse than something that isn’t good, on pain of rejecting (...)
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  11.  10
    Better Than Native: Tone Language Experience Enhances English Lexical Stress Discrimination in Cantonese-English Bilingual Listeners.William Choi, Xiuli Tong & Arthur G. Samuel - 2019 - Cognition 189:188-192.
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  12.  18
    Non-Transitive Better Than Relations and Rational Choice.Anders Herlitz - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (1):179-189.
    This paper argues that decision problems and money-pump arguments should not be a deciding factor against accepting non-transitive better than relations. If the reasons to accept normative standpoints that entail a non-transitive better than relation are compelling enough, we ought to revise our decision method rather than the normative standpoints. The paper introduces the most common argument in favor of non-transitive better than relations. It then illustrates that there are different ways to reconceptualize (...)
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  13. Better Than Nothing.Campbell Brown - manuscript
    A good life, or a life worth living, is a one that is "better than nothing". At least that is a common thought. But it is puzzling. What does "nothing" mean here? It cannot be a quantifier in the familiar sense, yet nor, it seems, can it be a referring term. To what could it refer? This paper aims to resolve the puzzle by examining a number of analyses of the concept of a life worth living. Temporal analyses, (...)
     
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  14. Is More Choice Better Than Less?Gerald Dworkin - 1982 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 7 (1):47-61.
  15.  27
    Sleep Better Than Medicine? Ethical Issues Related to "Wake Enhancement".A. Ravelingien & A. Sandberg - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):e9-e9.
    This paper deals with new pharmacological and technological developments in the manipulation and curtailment of our sleep needs. While humans have used various methods throughout history to lengthen diurnal wakefulness, recent advances have been achieved in manipulating the architecture of the brain states involved in sleep. The progress suggests that we will gradually become able to drastically manipulate our natural sleep-wake cycle. Our goal here is to promote discussion on the desirability and acceptability of enhancing our control over biological sleep, (...)
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  16.  52
    Christmas - Philosophy for Everyone: Better Than a Lump of Coal.Scott C. Lowe (ed.) - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    From Santa, elves and Ebenezer Scrooge, to the culture wars and virgin birth, _Christmas - Philosophy for Everyone_ explores a host of philosophical issues raised by the practices and beliefs surrounding Christmas. Offers thoughtful and humorous philosophical insights into the most widely celebrated holiday in the Western world Contributions come from a wide range of disciplines, including philosophy, theology, religious studies, English literature, cognitive science and moral psychology The essays cover a wide range of Christmas themes, from a defence of (...)
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  17.  5
    ‘What Could Be Better Than This?’ Conflicting Visions Of The Good Life In Traditional Education.David Resnick - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (3):329-344.
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  18. Nothing Better Than Death: Insights From Sixty-Two Profound Near-Death Experiences.Kevin R. Williams, B. Sc - 2002 - Xlibris.
    "Nothing Better Than Death" is a comprehensive analysis of the near-death experiences profiled on my website at www.near-death.com. This book provides complete NDE testimonials, summaries of various NDEs, NDE research conclusions, a question and answer section, an analysis of NDEs and Christian doctrines, famous quotations about life and death, a NDE bibliography, book notes, a list of NDE resources on the Internet, and a list of NDE support groups associated with IANDS.org - the International Association for Near-Death Studies. (...)
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  19.  1
    “Building Better Than They Knew”: John Courtney Murray on Catholicism, Modernity, and the American Proposition.Kenneth L. Grasso - 2007 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 4 (1):163-198.
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  20.  7
    Even Better Than the Real Thing: Dostoevsky's Absurd Realism.Aaron Closson - 2021 - Philosophy and Literature 45 (2):463-469.
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  21. ""Getting Better Than" World Class": The Challenge of Governing Postapartheid South Africa.Steven Friedman - 2005 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 72 (3):757-784.
  22. The Nonworseness Claim and the Moral Permissibility of Better-Than-Permissible Acts.Adam D. Bailey - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (2):237-250.
    Grounded in what Alan Wertheimer terms the nonworseness claim, it is thought by some philosophers that what will be referred to herein as better-than-permissible acts —acts that, if undertaken, would make another or others better off than they would be were an alternative but morally permissible act to be undertaken—are necessarily morally permissible. What, other than a bout of irrationality, it may be thought, would lead one to hold that an act (such as outsourcing production (...)
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  23.  26
    Even Better Than the Real Thing: Alternative Outcome Bias Affects Decision Judgements and Decision Regret.Catherine E. Seta, John J. Seta, John V. Petrocelli & Michael McCormick - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (4):446-472.
    Three experiments demonstrated that decisions resulting in considerable amounts of profit, but missed alternative outcomes of greater profits, were rated lower in quality and produced more regret than did decisions that returned lesser amounts of profit but either did not miss or missed only slightly better alternatives. These effects were mediated by upward counterfactuals and moderated by participants’ orientation to the decision context. That decision evaluations were affected by the availability and magnitude of alternative outcomes rather than (...)
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  24. Are Breast Implants Better Than Female Genital Mutilation? Autonomy, Gender Equality and Nussbaum's Political Liberalism.Clare Chambers - 2004 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 7 (3):1-33.
    This essay considers the tension between political liberalism and gender equality in the light of social construction and multiculturalism. The tension is exemplified by the work of Martha Nussbaum, who tries to reconcile a belief in the universality of certain liberal values such as gender equality with a political liberal tolerance for cultural practices that violate gender equality. The essay distinguishes between first? and second?order conceptions of autonomy, and shows that political liberals mistakenly prioritise second?order autonomy. This prioritisation leads political (...)
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  25.  26
    Is Publicity Always Better Than Advertising? The Role of Brand Reputation in Communicating Corporate Social Responsibility.Siv Skard & Helge Thorbjørnsen - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (1):1-12.
    Previous studies on corporate social responsibility (CSR) communication suggest that firms’ social initiatives should be communicated through third-party, non-corporate sources because they are perceived as unbiased and therefore reduce consumer skepticism. In this article, we extend existing research by showing that source effects in the communication of social sponsorships are contingent on the brand’s pre-existing reputation. We argue that the congruence between the credibility and trustworthiness of the message source and the brand helps predict consumer responses to a social sponsorship. (...)
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  26.  8
    Better Than Physicians.Linda S. Scheirton - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (1):2.
  27. Kant’s Better-Than-Terrible Argument in the Anticipations of Perception.David Landy - 2020 - Kantian Review 25 (1):77-101.
    Scholars working on Kant’s Anticipations of Perception generally attribute to him an argument that invalidly infers that objects have degrees of intensive magnitude from the premise that sensations do. I argue that this rests on an incorrect disambiguation of Kant’s use of Empfindung as referring to the mental states that are our sensings, rather than the objects that are thereby sensed. Kant’s real argument runs as follows. The difference between a representation of an empty region of space and/or time (...)
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  28. 3 Better Than Normal?Relational Theological Ethic - 2010 - In S. J. Parry, Mark Nesti & Nick Watson (eds.), Theology, Ethics, and Transcendence in Sports. Routledge.
     
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  29. Even Better Than the Real Thing: Revisionism and Responsibility.Manuel Rogelio Vargas - 2001 - Dissertation, Stanford University
    This is a dissertation about moral responsibility, whether we have it in the sense we ordinarily suppose, and what alternatives are available to us given that we lack it. ;The dissertation comes in two main parts. The first part defends a particular kind of error theory about the folk concept of moral responsibility. That is, given a roughly scientific picture of the world, it is likely that our commonsense beliefs about responsible agency are systematically mistaken. The second part of the (...)
     
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  30. Doing Better Than Weighing Goods.Daniel M. Hausman - 1999 - Journal of Economic Methodology 6 (3):451-56.
     
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  31.  2
    Bullshit Receptivity, Problem Solving, and Metacognition: Simply the BS, Not Better Than All the Rest.Tim George & Marta K. Mielicki - forthcoming - Thinking and Reasoning:1-37.
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  32. Counterexamples to the Transitivity of Better Than.Stuart Rachels - 1998 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 76 (1):71 – 83.
    Ethicists and economists commonly assume that if A is all things considered better than B, and B is all things considered better than C, then A is all things considered better than C. Call this principle Transitivity. Although it has great conceptual, intuitive, and empirical appeal, I argue against it. Larry S. Temkin explains how three types of ethical principle, which cannot be dismissed a priori, threaten Transitivity: (a) principles implying that in some cases (...)
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  33.  26
    Better Than Both: The Case for Pessimism.Peter Heinegg - 2005 - Hamilton Books.
    This new work sees pessimism not as a kind of depressed moodiness or self-indulgent negativity, but as the inevitable result of any fair-minded survey of the world we actually live in.
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  34.  15
    “Building Better Than They Knew”: John Courtney Murray on Catholicism, Modernity, and the American Proposition.Kenneth L. Grasso - 2007 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 4 (1):163-198.
  35.  15
    Better Than Nothing’ is Not Good Enough: Challenges to Introducing Evidence-Based Approaches for Traumatized Populations.James J. Clark, Ginny Sprang, Benjamin Freer & Adrienne Whitt-Woosley - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):352-359.
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  36.  3
    Better Than My Past Self: Temporal Comparison Raises Children’s Pride Without Triggering Superiority Goals.Çisem Gürel, Eddie Brummelman, Constantine Sedikides & Geertjan Overbeek - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 149 (8):1554-1566.
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  37.  22
    Better Than Nature: The Changing Treatment of Asthma and Hay Fever in the United States, 1910–1945.Carla C. Keirns - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (3):511-531.
    Through the early twentieth century, asthmatics were advised to move to a more suitable climate, or to vacation in one during their worst season. In the late nineteenth century, physicians sought to quantify the ideal temperature, humidity, altitude, and pollen count to help travellers to select a suitable place, but these investigations led some physicians to question contradictions between expected and actual conditions. Given that even the best climate was not perfect at all times, and that many patients could not (...)
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  38.  29
    All-Things-Considered,’ ‘Better-Than,’ And Sports Rankings‘.S. Seth Bordner - 2016 - ‘All-Things-Considered,’ ‘Better-Than,’ and Sports Rankings:1-18.
    Comparative judgments abound in sports. Fans and pundits bandy about which of two players or teams is bigger, faster, stronger, more talented, less injury prone, more reliable, safer to bet on, riskier to trade for, and so on. Arguably, of most interest are judgments of a coarser type: which of two players or teams is, all-things-considered, just plain better? Conventionally, it is accepted that such comparisons can be appropriately captured and expressed by sports rankings. Rankings play an important role (...)
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  39.  16
    Better Than Well: American Medicine Meets the American Dream, by Carl Elliot.Angela Thachuk - 2008 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (1):185-188.
  40.  11
    Two Trackers Are Better Than One: Information About the Co-Actor's Actions and Performance Scores Contribute to the Collective Benefit in a Joint Visuospatial Task.Wahn Basil, Kingstone Alan & König Peter - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  41.  10
    Contradictory Information: Better Than Nothing? The Paradox of the Two Firefighters.J. Michael Dunn & Nicholas M. Kiefer - 2019 - In Can Başkent & Thomas Macaulay Ferguson (eds.), Graham Priest on Dialetheism and Paraconsistency. Springer Verlag. pp. 231-247.
    Prominent philosophers have argued that contradictions contain either too much or too little information to be useful. We dispute this with what we call the “Paradox of the Two Firefighters.” Suppose you are awakened in your hotel room by a fire alarm. You open the door. You see three possible ways out: left, right, straight ahead. You see two firefighters. One says there is exactly one safe route and it is to your left. The other says there is exactly one (...)
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  42.  9
    ‘All-Things-Considered,’ ‘Better-Than,’ And Sports Rankings.S. Seth Bordner - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 43 (2):215-232.
    Comparative judgments abound in sports. Fans and pundits bandy about which of two players or teams is bigger, faster, stronger, more talented, less injury prone, more reliable, safer to bet on, riskier to trade for, and so on. Arguably, of most interest are judgments of a coarser type: which of two players or teams is, all-things-considered, just plain better? Conventionally, it is accepted that such comparisons can be appropriately captured and expressed by sports rankings. Rankings play an important role (...)
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  43.  8
    Better Than Nature: The Changing Treatment of Asthma and Hay Fever in the United States, 1910–1945.Carla C. Keirns - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (3):511-531.
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  44.  8
    Better Than the Sons of Kings: Boys and Monks in the Early Middle Ages.Patricia A. Quinn.Joseph H. Lynch - 1991 - Speculum 66 (3):677-678.
  45.  5
    Better Than Its Reputation? Gossip and the Reasons Why We and Individuals With “Dark” Personalities Talk About Others.Freda-Marie Hartung, Constanze Krohn & Marie Pirschtat - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  46. Category Learning in Autism: Are Some Situations Better Than Others?Anne-Marie Nader, Domenico Tullo, Valérie Bouchard, Janie Degré-Pelletier, Armando Bertone, Michelle Dawson & Isabelle Soulières - 2022 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 151 (3):578-596.
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  47. Better Than Bankruptcy.Ross Kessel - 1989 - Hastings Center Report 19 (2):2-2.
     
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  48.  3
    Better Than Homer?John Pick - 1954 - Renascence 6 (2):135-136.
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  49.  88
    Measuring Consciousness: Is One Measure Better Than the Other?Kristian Sandberg, Bert Timmermans, Morten Overgaard & Axel Cleeremans - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1069-1078.
    What is the best way of assessing the extent to which people are aware of a stimulus? Here, using a masked visual identification task, we compared three measures of subjective awareness: The Perceptual Awareness Scale , through which participants are asked to rate the clarity of their visual experience; confidence ratings , through which participants express their confidence in their identification decisions, and Post-decision wagering , in which participants place a monetary wager on their decisions. We conducted detailed explorations of (...)
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  50. Concept Calculus: Much Better Than.Harvey M. Friedman - unknown
    This is the initial publication on Concept Calculus, which establishes mutual interpretability between formal systems based on informal commonsense concepts and formal systems for mathematics through abstract set theory. Here we work with axioms for "better than" and "much better than", and the Zermelo and Zermelo Frankel axioms for set theory.
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