Results for 'argument analysis'

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  1.  2
    Argumentation: Analysis, Evaluation, Presentation.Frans H. Van Eemeren, Rob Grootendorst & A. Francisca Sn Henkemans - 2015 - Routledge.
    This book concentrates on argumentation as it emerges in ordinary discourse, whether the discourse is institutionalized or strictly informal. Crucial concepts from the theory of argumentation are systematically discussed and explained with the help of examples from real-life discourse and texts. The basic principles are explained that are instrumental in the analysis and evaluation of argumentative discourse. Methodical instruments are offered for identifying differences of opinion, analyzing and evaluating argumentation and presenting arguments in oral and written discourse. In addition, (...)
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  2.  85
    Automated Argument Analysis – Comment On: Mizrahi & Dickinson: "Argumentation in Philosophical Practice: An Empirical Study".Christoph Lumer - 2020 - Evidence, Persuasion and Diversity. Proceedings of Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation Conference, Vol. 12 (2020).
    The paper critically discusses an empirical study by Mizrahi & Dickinson 2020, which analyzes in a huge data base (JSTORE) the incidence of three types of philosophical arguments. Their results are: 1. Deductive arguments were the most commeon type of argument in philosophy until the end of the 20th century. 2. Around 2008 a shift in methodology occurred, such that the indcutive arguments outweigh other types of argument. The paper, first, criticizes the empirical study as grossly false and (...)
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  3. Argument Analysis.Ed Brandon - 1983 - U.W.I. Mona.
     
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  4. Function-Argument Analysis in Early Analytic Philosophy.Michael Beaney - unknown
     
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  5. An Argumentation-Analysis of a Central Part of Lenin's Political Logic in Empirical Logic.P. A. Smit - 1989 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 22 (3-4):357-374.
     
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  6.  47
    Automatic Argumentative Analysis for Interaction Mining.Vincenzo Pallotta & Rodolfo Delmonte - 2011 - Argument and Computation 2 (2-3):77 - 106.
    Interaction mining is about discovering and extracting insightful information from digital conversations, namely those human?human information exchanges mediated by digital network technology. We present in this article a computational model of natural arguments and its implementation for the automatic argumentative analysis of digital conversations, which allows us to produce relevant information to build interaction business analytics applications overcoming the limitations of standard text mining and information retrieval technology. Applications include advanced visualisations and abstractive summaries.
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  7.  26
    Teaching Argumentation Analysis and Critical Thinking in the Netherlands.Frans H. van Eemeren & R. Grootendorst - 1987 - Informal Logic 9 (2).
    Teaching Argumentation Analysis and Critical Thinking in the Netherlands.
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  8. Critical Thinking as Argument Analysis.Trudy Govier - 1989 - Argumentation 3 (2):115-126.
     
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  9.  34
    The Zen of Argument Analysis: Reflections on Informal Logic's Argument Evaluation Contest.Don S. Levi - 1994 - Informal Logic 16 (2).
    An argumentative passage that might appear to be an instance of denying the antecedent will generally admit of an alternative interpretation, one on which the conditional contained by the passage is a preface to the argument rather than a premise of it. On this interpretation. which generally is a more charitable one, the conditional plays a certain dialectical role and, in some cases, a rhetorical role as welL Assuming only a very weak principle of exigetical charity, I consider what (...)
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  10. Financial Markets: Applying Argument Analysis to the Stabilisation Task.Michael Schefczyk - 2016 - In Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn & Sven Hansson (eds.), The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis. Springer Verlag.
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  11.  23
    Pe'titio Principii and Argument Analysis.Douglas N. Walton - forthcoming - Informal Logic: The First International Symposium.
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  12.  5
    Dialectical Situations and Argument Analysis.James B. Freeman - 1985 - Informal Logic 7 (2).
    Dialectical Situations and Argument Analysis.
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  13.  29
    Govier's Problems in Argument Analysis and Evaluation.Derek Allen - 1990 - Informal Logic 12 (1).
  14. For Reason’s Sake: Maximal Argumentative Analysis of Discourse.Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren - 2015 - In Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren (eds.), Reasonableness and Effectiveness in Argumentative Discourse. Springer Verlag.
     
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  15. Hoppe’s Derivation of Self-Ownership From Argumentation: Analysis and Critique.Danny Frederick - 2013 - Reason Papers 35 (1):92-106.
    Hans-Hermann Hoppe contends that the fact that a person has the capacity to argue entails that she has the moral right of exclusive control over her own body. Critics of Hoppe’s argument do not appear to have pinpointed its flaws. I expose the logical structure of Hoppe’s argument, distinguishing its pragmatic-contradiction and its mutual-recognition components. I provide three counterexamples to show that Hoppe’s mutual-recognition argument is invalid and I argue that the truth that appears to motivate the (...)
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  16.  27
    A Pattern for Argument Analysis in Informal Logic.Anthony Weston - 1982 - Teaching Philosophy 5 (2):135-139.
  17.  3
    Managing Disagreement Through Yes, but… Constructions: An Argumentative Analysis.Paula Castro, Marcin Lewiński, Dima Mohammed & Mehmet Ali Uzelgun - 2015 - Discourse Studies 17 (4):467-484.
    The goal of this study is to examine the argumentative functions of concessive yes, but… constructions. Based on interview transcripts, we examine the ways environmental activists negotiate their agreements and disagreements over climate change through yes, but… constructions. Starting from conversational analyses of such concessive sequences, we develop an account grounded in argumentative discourse analysis, notably pragma-dialectics. The analysis focuses on how in conceding arguments speakers re-present others’ discourse, what types of criticism they exercise through particular sequential patterns (...)
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  18.  13
    Reported Speech in the Construction of the Ethos: Discursive-Argumentative Analysis of The Country of Carnival, by Jorge Amado.Eduardo Lopes Piris & Darling Moreira do Nascimento - 2013 - Bakhtiniana 8 (1):220 - 232.
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  19.  19
    Advancing Polylogical Analysis of Large-Scale Argumentation: Disagreement Management in the Fracking Controversy.Mark Aakhus & Marcin Lewiński - 2017 - Argumentation 31 (1):179-207.
    This paper offers a new way to make sense of disagreement expansion from a polylogical perspective by incorporating various places in addition to players and positions into the analysis. The concepts build on prior implicit ideas about disagreement space by suggesting how to more fully account for argumentative context, and its construction, in large-scale complex controversies. As a basis for our polylogical analysis, we use a New York Times news story reporting on an oil train explosion—a significant point (...)
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  20.  35
    Analyzing Explanations for Seemingly Irrational Choices: Linking Argument Analysis and Cognitive Science.Noreen C. Facione & Peter A. Facione - 2001 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (2):267-286.
    People make significant decisions in contexts of risk and uncertainty. Some of these decisions seem wise under the circumstances, and others seem like irrational choices. In both cases, people offer reasons as clarifications and explanations of these choices to others and to themselves. Argument analysis, a technique well known in philosophy and more generally in the humanities, can explicate the strands of assumptions, intermediate conclusions, data, warrants, and claims that the person articulates. But alone, argument analysis (...)
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  21. Frege’s Use of Function-Argument Analysis and His Introduction of Truth-Values as Objects.Michael Beaney - 2007 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 75 (1):93-123.
  22.  58
    David Hitchcock and Bart Verheij (Eds): Arguing on the Toulmin Model. New Essays in Argument Analysis and Evaluation. [REVIEW]Lester C. van der Pluijm & Jacky C. Visser - 2011 - Argumentation 25 (4):527-539.
    David Hitchcock and Bart Verheij (eds): Arguing on the Toulmin Model. New Essays in Argument Analysis and Evaluation Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-13 DOI 10.1007/s10503-011-9214-y Authors Lester C. van der Pluijm, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Jacky C. Visser, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Journal Argumentation Online ISSN 1572-8374 Print ISSN 0920-427X.
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  23. Do We Still Need an Army Like in the First World War? An Argumentative Analysis of a Television Debate on Abolishing Compulsory Military Service in Switzerland.Marta Zampa & Jérôme Jacquin - 2016 - Discourse and Communication 10 (5):479-499.
    In Swiss semi-direct democracy, citizens are often summoned to the polls. To vote reasonably, they need to be properly informed. The media therefore have the responsibility to provide them with arguments for and against each issue of voting. Here, we focus on argumentation in a television ‘civic debate’ about abolishing compulsory military service. To provide a unified and integrated overview of the debate dynamics, we combine the Dialogical Model of Argumentation and the Argumentum Model of Topics, which share a similar (...)
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  24.  41
    Review of van Eemeren & Houtlosser (2002): Dialectic and Rhetoric: The Warp and Woof of Argumentation Analysis[REVIEW]Alan G. Gross - 2003 - Pragmatics and Cognition 11 (2):386-390.
  25.  59
    Frans H. Van Eemeren and Peter Houtlosser (Eds.) (2002). Dialectic and Rhetoric: The Warp and Woof of Argumentation Analysis[REVIEW]R. H. Johnson - 2004 - Argumentation 18 (4):483-488.
  26.  29
    Frans H. Van Eemeren and A. Francisca Snoeck Henkemans: Argumentation: Analysis and Evaluation: 2nd Edition, Routledge, New York and London, 2017, 174 Pp.Sara Greco - 2018 - Argumentation 32 (1):151-153.
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  27.  8
    The New Logic Course: The State of the Art in Non-Formal Methods of Argument Analysis.Ralph H. Johnson - 1981 - Teaching Philosophy 4 (2):123-143.
  28.  7
    A Problem Solving Interpretation of Argument Analysis.David Bernstein - 1990 - Informal Logic 12 (2).
  29.  27
    Arguments and Analysis in Bioethics.Matti Häyry (ed.) - 2010 - Rodopi.
    The twenty-one chapters in this volume strive, through the use of high quality argument and analysis, to get a good deal clearer concerning a range of issues ...
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  30.  12
    The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis: Reasoning About Uncertainty.Gertrude Hirsch Hadorn & Sven Hansson (eds.) - 2016 - Springer Verlag.
    ​This book describes argumentative tools and strategies that can be used to guide policy decisions under conditions of great uncertainty. Contributing authors explore methods from philosophical analysis and in particular argumentation analysis, showing how it can be used to systematize discussions about policy issues involving great uncertainty. The first part of the work explores how to deal in a systematic way with decision-making when there may be plural perspectives on the decision problem, along with unknown consequences of what (...)
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  31.  52
    Critical Analysis of Three Arguments Against Consent Requirement for the Diagnosis of Brain Death.Osamu Muramoto - manuscript
    In modern hospitals in developed countries, deaths are determined usually after a prearranged schedule of resuscitative efforts. By default, death is diagnosed and determined after “full code” or after the failure of intensive resuscitation. In end-of-life contexts, however, various degrees of less-than-full resuscitation and sometimes no resuscitation are allowed after the consent and shared decision-making of the patient and/or surrogates. The determination of brain death is a unique exception in these contexts because such an end-of-life care plan is usually not (...)
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  32. Shallow Analysis and the Slingshot Argument.Michael Baumgartner - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (5):531-556.
    According to the standard opinions in the literature, blocking the unacceptable consequences of the notorious slingshot argument requires imposing constraints on the metaphysics of facts or on theories of definite descriptions (or class abstracts). This paper argues that both of these well-known strategies to rebut the slingshot overshoot the mark. The slingshot, first and foremost, raises the question as to the adequate logical formalization of statements about facts, i.e. of factual contexts. It will be shown that a rigorous application (...)
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  33.  89
    Frequency Analysis of the EPR-Bell Argumentation.Andrei Khrennikov - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (7):1159-1174.
    We perform a frequency analysis of the EPR-Bell argumentation. One of the main consequences of our investigation is that the existence of probability distributions of the Kolmogorov-type which was supposed by some authors is a mathematical assumption which may not be supported by actual physical quantum processes. In fact, frequencies for hidden variables for quantum particles and measurement devices may fluctuate from run to run of an experiment. These fluctuations of frequencies for micro-parameters need not contradict to the stabilization (...)
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  34.  2
    Argument and Evidence: Critical Analysis for the Social Sciences.Peter Phelan & Peter J. Reynolds - 1995 - London, England: Routledge.
    Phelan and Reynolds' book is for anyone who needs to evaluate arguments and interpret evidence. It deals with the most fundamental aspects of academic study: * the ability to reason with ideas and evidence * to formulate arguments effectively * to appreciate the interplay between ideas and evidence in academic and media debate _Argument and Evidence_ presents aspects of informal logic and statistical theory in a comprehensible way, enabling students to acquire skills in critical thinking which will outlast their undergraduate (...)
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  35.  22
    Quantifying Doctors’ Argumentation in General Practice Consultation Through Content Analysis: Measurement Development and Preliminary Results.Nanon Labrie & Peter J. Schulz - 2015 - Argumentation 29 (1):33-55.
    General practice consultation has often been characterized by pragma-dialecticians as an argumentative activity type. These characterizations are typically derived from theoretical insights and qualitative analyses. Yet, descriptions that are based on quantitative data are thus far lacking. This paper provides a detailed account of the development of an instrument to guide the quantitative analysis of argumentation in doctor–patient consultation. It describes the implementation and preliminary results of a content analysis of seventy videotaped medical consultations of which the extent (...)
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  36. Analysis and Evaluation of Argumentative Discourse.Bart Garssen, Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren - 2015 - In Bart Garssen, Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren (eds.), Reasonableness and Effectiveness in Argumentative Discourse. Springer Verlag.
     
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  37. From Analysis to Presentation: A Pragma-Dialectical Approach to Writing Argumentative Texts.Rob Grootendorst, Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren - 2015 - In Rob Grootendorst, Frans Eemeren & Frans H. van Eemeren (eds.), Reasonableness and Effectiveness in Argumentative Discourse. Springer Verlag.
     
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  38. Phenomenal Consciousness: A Critical Analysis of Knowledge Argument Inverted Spectrum Argument and Conceivability Argument.Manas Kumar Sahu - 2020 - Journal of Advances in Education and Philosophy 4 (4):160-166.
    The objective of this paper is to defend the non-reductive thesis of phenomenal consciousness. This paper will give an overview of the arguments for the non-reductive explanation of phenomenal consciousness and justify why the reductionist approach is implausible in the context of explaining phenomenal subjective experience. The debate between reductionist and non-reductionist on the project of demystifying and mystifying phenomenal consciousness is driven by two fundamental assumptions-1) Reductive-Naturalistic Objectivism, 2) Phenomenal Realism. There are several arguments for the irreducibility of phenomenal (...)
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  39.  26
    Argumentative Bluff in Eristic Discussion: An Analysis and Evaluation.Jan Albert van Laar - 2010 - Argumentation 24 (3):383-398.
    How does the analysis and evaluation of argumentation depend on the dialogue type in which the argumentation has been put forward? This paper focuses on argumentative bluff in eristic discussion. Argumentation cannot be presented without conveying the pretence that it is dialectically reasonable, as well as, at least to some degree, rhetorically effective. Within eristic discussion it can be profitable to engage in bluff with respect to such claims. However, it will be argued that such bluffing is dialectically inadmissible, (...)
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  40.  50
    “This Argument Fails for Two Reasons…”: A Linguistic Analysis of Judicial Evaluation Strategies in US Supreme Court Judgments. [REVIEW]Davide Mazzi - 2010 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 23 (4):373-385.
    The centrality of argumentation in the judicial process is an age-old acquisition of research on legal discourse. Notwithstanding the deep insights provided by legal theoretical and philosophical works, only recently has judicial argumentation been tackled in its linguistic dimension. This paper aims to contribute to the development of linguistic studies of judicial argumentation, by shedding light on evaluation as a prominent aspect in the construction of the judge’s argumentative position. Evaluation as a deep structure of judicial argumentation is studied from (...)
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  41. Ethical Arguments for Analysis.Robert Baum - 1973 - New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
  42.  35
    Argument Deletion, Thematic Roles, and Leibniz's Logico-Grammatical Analysis of Relations.Francesco Orilia - 2000 - History and Philosophy of Logic 21 (2):147-162.
    I present a formal framework historically faithful to Leibniz's analysis of relational sentences, which: (i) engrafts thematic roles and the non-truth-functional connective insofar as (quatenus) into the monadic fragment of first-order logic; (ii) suggests a plausible ontological picture of thematic roles and relational facts; (iii) supports argument deletion and related inferential patterns that are not taken into account by standard first-order logic.
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  43.  12
    The Analysis of Implicit Premises Within Children’s Argumentative Inferences.Sara Greco, Anne-Nelly Perret-Clermont, Antonio Iannaccone, Andrea Rocci, Josephine Convertini & Rebecca Gabriela Schär - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (4):438-470.
    This paper presents preliminary findings of the project [name omitted for anonymity]. This interdisciplinary project builds on Argumentation theory and developmental sociocultural psychology for the study of children’s argumentation. We reconstruct children’s inferences in adult-child and child-child dialogical interaction in conversation in different settings. We focus in particular on implicit premises using the Argumentum Model of Topics for the reconstruction of the inferential configuration of arguments. Our findings reveal that sources of misunderstandings are more often than not due to misalignments (...)
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  44. An Analysis of Some Arguments for and Against Human Reproduction.Matti Häyry - 2010 - In Arguments and Analysis in Bioethics. Rodopi.
     
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  45.  2
    Analysis of Argumentation in the Discussion Sections of Published Articles in ESP Journal: A Diachronic Corpus-Based Approach.Saleh Arizavi, Alireza Jalilifar & A. Mehdi Riazi - forthcoming - Argumentation:1-28.
    Argumentation has remained under-researched in studies analyzing academic journal publications despite its importance in academic writing. This paper reports a study in which we investigated stereotypical argumentative trends, lexico-grammatical features, and interactional metadiscourse markers in 354 research article free-standing discussion sections from the journal of ESP over forty years. The field of ESP was chosen because of its maturity, which has given substance to a dynamic ground for arguments. We drew on the pragma-dialectical approach to analyzing argumentations in the corpus. (...)
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  46.  16
    An Argumentation‐Based Analysis of the Simonshaven Case.Henry Prakken - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (4):1068-1091.
  47.  47
    Analysis, Abstraction Principles, and Slingshot Arguments.James Levine - 2006 - Ratio 19 (1):43–63.
  48.  14
    Argumentation as Rule-Justified Claims: Elements of a Conceptual Framework for the Critical Analysis of Argument.Michael Inbar - 1999 - Argumentation 13 (1):27-42.
    The paper outlines a conceptual framework for the critical assessment of argumentation which differs in some of its core characteristics from conventional approaches: it is resolutely semantic rather than formal in its method; it centers on obligations rather than beliefs; and its analytical focus is on the contingent necessity of conclusions, rather than on their persuasiveness or formal validity. The paper briefly illustrates the applications of this conceptual framework by reanalyzing a couple of examples taken from the argumentation analysis (...)
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  49. Logocratic Method and the Analysis of Arguments in Evidence.Scott Brewer - unknown
    Legal analysis is dominated by legal arguments, and the assessment of any legal claim requires the assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of those arguments. The ‘logocratic’ method is a systematic method for assessing the strengths and weaknesses of arguments. More specifically, it is a method designed to help the analyst determine what degree of warrant the premises of an argument provide for its conclusion. Although the method is applicable to any type of argument, this essay focuses (...)
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  50. Truth Analysis of the Gettier Argument.Yussif Yakubu - 2016 - Metaphilosophy 47 (3):449-466.
    Gettier presented the now famous Gettier problem as a challenge to epistemology. The methods Gettier used to construct his challenge, however, utilized certain principles of formal logic that are actually inappropriate for the natural language discourse of the Gettier cases. In that challenge to epistemology, Gettier also makes truth claims that would be considered controversial in analytic philosophy of language. The Gettier challenge has escaped scrutiny in these other relevant academic disciplines, however, because of its façade as an epistemological (...). This article examines Gettier's methods with the analytical tools of logic and analytic philosophy of language. (shrink)
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