Results for 'applied ontology'

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  1. Applied ontology: Focusing on content.Nicola Guarino & Mark A. Musen - 2005 - Applied ontology 1 (1):1-5.
    In a world that is overflowing with journals and other outlets for scientific publication, the appearance of any new periodical requires some justification. There are already more journals than we can read and more conferences than we can attend. In the case of applied Ontology, we believe that the creation of anew journal not only is completely justifiable, it is downright exciting. For too long, workers in computer science have assumed that content comes for free. “Theory” in computer (...)
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  2. Applied Ontology: An Introduction.Katherine Munn & Barry Smith (eds.) - 2008 - Frankfurt: ontos.
    Ontology is the philosophical discipline which aims to understand how things in the world are divided into categories and how these categories are related together. This is exactly what information scientists aim for in creating structured, automated representations, called 'ontologies,' for managing information in fields such as science, government, industry, and healthcare. Currently, these systems are designed in a variety of different ways, so they cannot share data with one another. They are often idiosyncratically structured, accessible only to those (...)
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  3.  74
    Applied ontology: The next decade begins.Nicola Guarino & Mark Musen - 2015 - Applied ontology 10 (1):1-4.
    In 2005, IOS Press published the first issue of applied Ontology. At the time, we argued that, at the core of the journal, there was “a desire to understand the nature of reality and how people construe their world”. We declared that ontology was both “fundamental to human thought” and “to translating our thoughts into computational artifacts” (Guarino & Musen,2005). With an editorial board of distinguished scholars representing the fields of computer science, informatics, information science, philosophy, linguistics, (...)
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  4. Applied ontology: A new discipline is born.B. Smith - 1998 - Philosophy Today 12 (29):5-6.
    The discipline of applied ethics already has a certain familiarity in the Anglo-Saxon world, above all through the work of Peter Singer. Applied ethics uses the tools of moral philosophy to resolve practical problems of the sort which arise, for example, in the running of hospitals. In the University at Buffalo (New York) there was organized on April 24-25 1998 the world's first conference on a new, sister discipline, the discipline of applied ontology. Applied ontologists (...)
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  5. Applied Ontology: A Marvin Farber Conference on Law and Institutions in Society.Barry Smith & David R. Koepsell (eds.) - 1998 - Buffalo: University at Buffalo.
    The application of ontology has thus far [in 1998] been confined almost exclusively to the field of knowledge representation. Ontology has been applied, for example, in the design of medical databases and in the construction of geographical information systems. One area which is naturally suited to ontological analysis is that of the law and of social institutions in general. -/- Legal systems are composed of legal entities, such as laws, contracts, obligations, and rights. Their application yields new (...)
     
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  6. Applied Ontology.Peter Heuer & Boris Hennig (eds.) - 2008
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    An applied ontology-Oriented Case Study to Distinguish Public and Private Institutions Through Their Documents.Mauricio B. Almeida & Jaime A. Pinto - 2021 - Knowledge Organization 47 (7):582-591.
    The institutions we create shape many of the activities we engage insofar as they are pervasive entities in our society. In an era full of new technologies, including the semantic web, there is a movement toward sound conceptual modeling for socio-technical solutions applied to government institutions. To develop these complex solutions, one needs to deepen the ontological status of entities in the institutional domain, because literature is full of ambiguous and ad-hoc hypotheses about distinctions between public and private corporations. (...)
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  8.  21
    Applied ontology issues.Douglas B. Lenat - 2005 - Applied ontology 1 (1):9-12.
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  9.  27
    Applied ontology: Where are we now and where are we going?Janna Hastings & John A. Bateman - 2023 - Applied ontology 18 (1):1-4.
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  10. More phenomenology in psychiatry? Applied ontology as a method towards integration.Rasmus Rosenberg Larsen, Guilherme Messas, Maschião Luca, Valter Piedade & Janna Hastings - 2022 - The Lancet Psychiatry 9 (9):P751-758.
    There have been renewed calls to use phenomenology in psychiatry to improve knowledge about causation, diagnostics, and treatment of mental health conditions. A phenomenological approach aims to elucidate the subjective experiences of mental health, which its advocates claim have been largely neglected by current diagnostic frameworks in psychiatry (eg, DSM-5). The consequence of neglecting rich phenomenological information is a comparatively more constrained approach to theory development, empirical research, and care programmes. Although calls for more phenomenology in psychiatry have been met (...)
     
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  11.  90
    Ten years of Applied Ontology.Nicola Guarino & Mark A. Musen - 2015 - Applied ontology 10 (3-4):169-170.
    This is a short editorial to introduce the double issue of Applied Ontology that celebrates the journal's tenth anniversary. At a time when information technology of all kinds depends on the use of explicit ontologies, our journal addresses the modeling issues that underlie the next generation of computational systems. As the editors of Applied Ontology, we are excited by how far we have come in the past decade and by the opportunities that await our research community.
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  12. Analytic Metaphysics versus Naturalized Metaphysics: The Relevance of Applied Ontology.Baptiste Le Bihan & Adrien Barton - 2021 - Erkenntnis 86 (1):21-37.
    The relevance of analytic metaphysics has come under criticism: Ladyman & Ross, for instance, have suggested do discontinue the field. French & McKenzie have argued in defense of analytic metaphysics that it develops tools that could turn out to be useful for philosophy of physics. In this article, we show first that this heuristic defense of metaphysics can be extended to the scientific field of applied ontology, which uses constructs from analytic metaphysics. Second, we elaborate on a parallel (...)
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    Bootstrapping the applied ontology practice: Ontology communities, then and now.Peter P. Yim - 2015 - Applied ontology 10 (3-4):229-241.
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  14. Classifying Processes: An Essay in Applied Ontology.Barry Smith - 2012 - Ratio 25 (4):463-488.
    We begin by describing recent developments in the burgeoning discipline of applied ontology, focusing especially on the ways ontologies are providing a means for the consistent representation of scientific data. We then introduce Basic Formal Ontology (BFO), a top-level ontology that is serving as domain-neutral framework for the development of lower level ontologies in many specialist disciplines, above all in biology and medicine. BFO is a bicategorial ontology, embracing both three-dimensionalist (continuant) and four-dimensionalist (occurrent) perspectives (...)
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    Queering Heidegger: An Applied Ontology.E. Das Janssen - 2013 - Radical Philosophy Review 16 (3):747-762.
    This paper explores practical application of Heidegger’s fundamental ontology to lived human experience and practical concerns beyond those he addressed, specifically the phenomenon of gender. We are so committed to gender norms that we ostracize or even kill those who violate them, yet rarely question the reasonableness of our expectations. Gender needs to be examined from a phenomenological stance, a) because of the ubiquity of gendering, b) because presuppositions regarding gender go largely unquestioned in most Daseins’ everyday existence, and (...)
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    A metaontology for applied ontology.Pawel Garbacz & Robert Trypuz - 2013 - Applied ontology 8 (1):1-30.
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  17.  34
    Culture as applied ontology.James K. Feibleman - 1951 - Philosophical Quarterly 1 (5):416-422.
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  18. Mapping the Patient’s Experience: An Applied Ontological Framework for Phenomenological Psychopathology.Rasmus Rosenberg Larsen & Janna Hastings - 2020 - Phenomenology and Mind 18:200-219.
    Mental health research faces a suite of unresolved challenges that have contributed to a stagnation of research efforts and treatment innovation. One such challenge is how to reliably and validly account for the subjective side of patient symptomatology, that is, the patient’s inner experiences or patient phenomenology. Providing a structured, standardised semantics for patient phenomenology would enable future research in novel directions. In this contribution, we aim at initiating a standardized approach to patient phenomenology by sketching a tentative formalisation within (...)
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    J.M. Bocheński’s method of philosophical analysis and contemporary applied ontology.Marek Lechniak - 2013 - Studies in East European Thought 65 (1-2):17-26.
    The aim of this article is to reconstruct Bocheński’s method of philosophical analysis as well as to clarify the purpose of that method and its basic elements. In the second part of the paper I will compare Bocheński’s method with the methods of modern applied ontology.
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  20.  28
    What’s a “disease”? Questions for applied ontologies of diseases.Alan Rector - 2015 - Applied ontology 10 (2):71-77.
  21. Biodynamic Ontology: Applying BFO in the Biomedical Domain.Barry Smith, Pierre Grenon & Louis Goldberg - 2004 - Studies in Health and Technology Informatics 102:20–38.
    Current approaches to formal representation in biomedicine are characterized by their focus on either the static or the dynamic aspects of biological reality. We here outline a theory that combines both perspectives and at the same time tackles the by no means trivial issue of their coherent integration. Our position is that a good ontology must be capable of accounting for reality both synchronically (as it exists at a time) and diachronically (as it unfolds through time), but that these (...)
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  22.  13
    Time is ripe to embrace the scientific approach in Applied Ontology.Stefano Borgo, Pascal Hitzler & Cogan Shimizu - 2020 - Applied ontology 15 (3):245-249.
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  23. Proceedings of the Workshop on Data meets Applied Ontologies in Explainable {AI} {(DAO-XAI} 2021) part of Bratislava Knowledge September {(BAKS} 2021), Bratislava, Slovakia, September 18th to 19th, 2021. CEUR 2998.Roberto Confalonieri, Guendalina Righetti, Pietro Galliani, Nicolas Toquard, Oliver Kutz & Daniele Porello (eds.) - 2021
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  24.  20
    Engineering use cases for modular development of ontologies in OWL - Applied Ontology - Volume 7, Number 2 / 2012 - IOS Press. [REVIEW]Alan Rector, Sebastian Brandt, Nick Drummond, Matthew Horridge, Colin Pulestin & Robert Stevens - 2012 - Applied ontology 7 (2):113-132.
    This paper presents use cases for modular development of ontologies using the OWL imports mechanism. Many of the methods are inspired by work in modular development in software engineering. The approach is aimed at developers of large ontologies covering multiple subdomains that make use of OWL reasoners for inference. Such ontologies are common in biomedical sciences, but nothing in the paper is specific to biomedicine. There are four groups of use cases: (i) organisation and factoring of ontologies; (ii) maintaining stable (...)
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  25. Applying the Realism-Based Ontology-Versioning Method for Tracking Changes in the Basic Formal Ontology.Selja Seppälä, Barry Smith & Werner Ceusters - 2014 - In P. Garbacz & O. Kutz (eds.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS 2014). IOS Press. pp. 227-240.
    Changes in an upper level ontology have obvious conse-quences for the domain ontologies that use it at lower levels. It is therefore crucial to document the changes made between successive versions of ontologies of this kind. We describe and apply a method for tracking, explaining and measuring changes between successive versions of upper level ontologies such as the Basic Formal Ontology (BFO). The proposed change-tracking method extends earlier work on Realism-Based Ontology Versioning (RBOV) and Evolutionary Terminology Auditing (...)
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  26.  13
    Applied legal epistemology: building a knowledge-based ontology of the legal domain.Laurens Mommers - 2002 - Leiden: L. Mommers.
  27. On How Epistemology and Ontology Converge Through Evolution: The Applied Evolutionary Epistemological Approach.Nathalie Gontier - 2018 - In Wuppuluri Shyam & Francisco Antonio Dorio (eds.), The Map and the Territory: Exploring the Foundations of Science, Thought and Reality. Springer. pp. 533-569.
    We examine how insights made in socio-anthropological and evolutionary schools of thought necessitate us to reevaluate the classic philosophical distinction between epistemology and ontology. We adopt an applied evolutionary epistemological stance and demonstrate that both epistemology and ontology evolve. Epistemology is broadened to include all knowledge and information that all life forms evolve, and ontology encompasses all biologically informed realities that life builds. Through processes such as symbiosis and niche construction, organisms acquire and extend information and (...)
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  28.  49
    Integrated But Not Whole? Applying an Ontological Account of Human Organismal Unity to the Brain Death Debate.Melissa Moschella - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (8):550-556.
    As is clear in the 2008 report of the President's Council on Bioethics, the brain death debate is plagued by ambiguity in the use of such key terms as ‘integration’ and ‘wholeness’. Addressing this problem, I offer a plausible ontological account of organismal unity drawing on the work of Hoffman and Rosenkrantz, and then apply that account to the case of brain death, concluding that a brain dead body lacks the unity proper to a human organism, and has therefore undergone (...)
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  29. LOGIC, MATHEMATICS, ONTOLOGY 1 Crisis Since its very beginning mathematics was deeply related to logic and ontology. Greek mathematicians consciously applied the contradiction principle and had a clear idea of the soundness of modus ponens and of.Francisco Miro Quesada - 1997 - In Evandro Agazzi & György Darvas (eds.), Philosophy of Mathematics Today. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 3.
  30. Ontology and applied research.H. I. Part - 2007 - In Clive Lawson, John Latsis & Nuno Martins (eds.), Contributions to Social Ontology. Routledge. pp. 205.
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  31.  12
    Taking Ontology Seriously : Quine's Thesis of Holism and Underdetermination Applied to the Sciences in the Age of Technoscience.Victoria Höög - unknown
  32.  12
    The Ontological Interpretation of Quantum Field Theory Applied in a Cosmological Context.B. J. Hiley & Ah Aziz Muft - 1995 - In M. Ferrero & A. van der Merwe (eds.), Fundamental Problems in Quantum Physics. pp. 141.
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  33. Building Ontologies with Basic Formal Ontology.Robert Arp, Barry Smith & Andrew D. Spear - 2015 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    In the era of “big data,” science is increasingly information driven, and the potential for computers to store, manage, and integrate massive amounts of data has given rise to such new disciplinary fields as biomedical informatics. Applied ontology offers a strategy for the organization of scientific information in computer-tractable form, drawing on concepts not only from computer and information science but also from linguistics, logic, and philosophy. This book provides an introduction to the field of applied (...) that is of particular relevance to biomedicine, covering theoretical components of ontologies, best practices for ontology design, and examples of biomedical ontologies in use. After defining an ontology as a representation of the types of entities in a given domain, the book distinguishes between different kinds of ontologies and taxonomies, and shows how applied ontology draws on more traditional ideas from metaphysics. It presents the core features of the Basic Formal Ontology (BFO), now used by over one hundred ontology projects around the world, and offers examples of domain ontologies that utilize BFO. The book also describes Web Ontology Language (OWL), a common framework for Semantic Web technologies. Throughout, the book provides concrete recommendations for the design and construction of domain ontologies. (shrink)
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  34.  25
    Open Biomedical Ontologies applied to prostate cancer.James A. Overton, Cesare Romagnoli & Rethy Chhem - 2011 - Applied ontology 6 (1):35-51.
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    A Stoic Cyber Meta-Ontology - Applying Stoicism to Modern Ontology Design.David Ormrod - 2021 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 52 (1):48-65.
    ABSTRACT The concept of concrete and abstract entities relates to an ontological specification problem, described by Plato’s Sophist concept of the Gods and Giants and their interpretation of metaphysical reality. Developing an ontology without considering the full metaphysical implications leaves conceptual gaps in the creation of events, change in states and management of thoughts, plans and deceptions. This paper seeks to resolve conceptual gaps in the field of cyberspace representation, enabling both ontological interoperability and the development of more complex (...)
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  36. Ontology and philosophy: Quine and the ontological turn in economics / John Latsis. Tracking down the transcendental argument and the synthetic a priori : chasing fairies or serious ontological business? / David Tyfield. Re-examining Bhaskar's three ontological domains : the lessons from emergence / Dave Elder-Vass. Real, invented, or applied? : some reflections on scientific objectivity and social ontology / Eleonora Montuschi. Theorising ontology[REVIEW]Roy Bhaskar - 2006 - In Clive Lawson, John Latsis & Nuno Martins (eds.), Contributions to Social Ontology. Routledge.
  37. Ontology and applied research: Freedom, possibility and ontology : rethinking the problem of 'competitive ascent' in the Caribbean / Patricia Northover and Michaeline Crichlow. On the ontology of international norm diffusion / Lynn Savery. Realist social theorising and the emergence of state educational systems / Tone Skinningsrud. The educational limits of critical realism? : emancipation and rational agency in the compulsory years of schooling / Brad Shipway. Economics and autism : why the drive towards closure? / John Lawson. Applying critical realism : re-conceptualising the emergent early music performer labour market. [REVIEW]Nicholas Wilson - 2006 - In Clive Lawson, John Latsis & Nuno Martins (eds.), Contributions to Social Ontology. Routledge.
     
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  38.  13
    Ontological relativity and conceptual analysis as theoretical frameworks for epistemic injustice: Exploring applications.Paolo Valore - 2024 - Metaphilosophy 55 (2):264-279.
    This article introduces a novel theoretical framework for addressing epistemic injustice—a phenomenon where certain groups or individuals are systematically excluded from knowledge creation and dissemination processes—by employing ontological relativity and conceptual analysis. “Ontological relativity” refers to a philosophical perspective that posits our understanding of reality as being shaped by our toolbox of concepts, categories, language, and social practices; “conceptual analysis” is a method of inquiry that involves the rigorous examination and deconstruction of a particular concept or set of concepts in (...)
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    VI. Process ontology in the context of applied philosophy.Vesselin Petrov - 2011 - In Ontological Landscapes: Recent Thought on Conceptual Interfaces Between Science and Philosophy. De Gruyter. pp. 137-156.
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    Ontology Makes Sense: Essays in Honor of Nicola Guarino.Stefano Borgo, Roberta Ferrario, Claudio Masolo & Laure Vieu (eds.) - 2019 - Amsterdam: IOS Press.
    This book is written in homage to Nicola Guarino. It is a tribute to his many scientific contributions to the new discipline, applied ontology, he struggled to establish. Nicola Guarino is widely recognized as one of the pioneers in formal and applied ontology. Renow – and sometimes even criticized – for his deep interest for the subtlest details of theoretical analysis, all throughout his career he has held the conviction that all science has to be for (...)
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  41. Ontology Development Strategies and the Infectious Disease Ontology Ecosystem.Giacomo De Colle, Ali Hasanzadeh & John Beverley - 2023 - Proceedings of the International Conference on Biomedical Ontologies.
    After motivating a framework for evaluating top-down, middle-out, middle-in, and bottom-up ontology development strategies, we apply our framework to investigate whether infectious disease ontologies - specifically, the Virus Infectious Disease Ontology (VIDO) and the Coronavirus Infectious Disease Ontology (CIDO) - effectively promote semantic interoperability.
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    Chapter Ten. Instance Ontology and Logic Applied to the Foundations of Arithmetic and the Theory of Identity.Ramsay MacMullen - 1996 - In Moderate Realism and its Logic. Yale University Press. pp. 259-284.
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    Real, invented, or applied? : some reflections on scientific objectivity and social ontology.Eleonora Montuschi - 2007 - In Clive Lawson, John Latsis & Nuno Martins (eds.), Contributions to Social Ontology. Routledge. pp. 15--177.
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  44. Ontology.Barry Smith - 2003 - In Luciano Floridi (ed.), Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 155-166.
    Ontology as a branch of philosophy is the science of what is, of the kinds and structures of objects, properties, events, processes and relations in every area of reality. ‘Ontology’ in this sense is often used by philosophers as a synonym of ‘metaphysics’ (a label meaning literally: ‘what comes after the Physics’), a term used by early students of Aristotle to refer to what Aristotle himself called ‘first philosophy’. But in recent years, in a development hardly noticed by (...)
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  45.  13
    The Metaphysics of Meaning: Applying a Thomistic Ontology of Art to a Contemporary Hermeneutical Puzzle and the Problem of the Sensus Literalis.Peter Junípero Hannah - 2016 - Nova et Vetera 14 (2):675-697.
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    Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS).Barry Smith & Christopher Welty (eds.) - 2001 - ACM Press.
    Researchers in areas such as artificial intelligence, formal and computational linguistics, biomedical informatics, conceptual modeling, knowledge engineering and information retrieval have come to realise that a solid foundation for their research calls for serious work in ontology, understood as a general theory of the types of entities and relations that make up their respective domains of inquiry. In all these areas, attention is now being focused on the content of information rather than on just the formats and languages used (...)
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  47. Ontology and Metaontology: A Contemporary Guide.Francesco Berto & Matteo Plebani - 2015 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic. Edited by Matteo Plebani.
    'Ontology and Metaontology: A Contemporary Guide' is a clear and accessible survey of ontology, focussing on the most recent trends in the discipline. -/- Divided into parts, the first half characterizes metaontology: the discourse on the methodology of ontological inquiry, covering the main concepts, tools, and methods of the discipline, exploring the notions of being and existence, ontological commitment, paraphrase strategies, fictionalist strategies, and other metaontological questions. The second half considers a series of case studies, introducing and familiarizing (...)
  48.  21
    Applied Metaphysics.Katherine Hawley - 2016 - In Kasper Lippert‐Rasmussen, Kimberley Brownlee & David Coady (eds.), A Companion to Applied Philosophy. Chichester, UK: Wiley. pp. 163–179.
    Metaphysics can be used to help us understand the world, and has applications both within philosophy and beyond. Within philosophy, metaphysical questions arise whether we are thinking about ethics, art, religion, or science. Beyond philosophy, there are many areas where metaphysics can be applied. Case studies in this chapter include applied ontology in information science, social ontology in both philosophy and the social sciences, and questions about classification and kinds in psychiatry.
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  49.  39
    Ontology Makes Sense, Essays in honor of Nicola Guarino.Stefano Borgo, Roberta Ferrario, Claudio Masolo & Laure Vieu (eds.) - 2019 - Amsterdam: IOS Press.
    Nicola Guarino is widely recognized as one of the founders of applied ontology. His deep interest in the subtlest details of theoretical analysis and his vision of ontology as the Rosetta Stone for semantic interoperability guided the development and understanding of this domain. His motivations in research stem from the conviction that all science must be for the benefit of society at large, and his motto has always been that ontologies are not just for making information systems (...)
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  50. Ontology-based fusion of sensor data and natural language.Erik Thomsen & Barry Smith - 2018 - Applied ontology 13 (4):295-333.
    We describe a prototype ontology-driven information system (ODIS) that exploits what we call Portion of Reality (POR) representations. The system takes both sensor data and natural language text as inputs and composes on this basis logically structured POR assertions. The goal of our prototype is to represent both natural language and sensor data within a single framework that is able to support both axiomatic reasoning and computation. In addition, the framework should be capable of discovering and representing new kinds (...)
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