Results for 'animal morality'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Animal Morality: What is the Debate About?Simon Fitzpatrick - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (6):1151-1183.
    Empirical studies of the social lives of non-human primates, cetaceans, and other social animals have prompted scientists and philosophers to debate the question of whether morality and moral cognition exists in non-human animals. Some researchers have argued that morality does exist in several animal species, others that these species may possess various evolutionary building blocks or precursors to morality, but not quite the genuine article, while some have argued that nothing remotely resembling morality can be (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  2. Animal Morality: What It Means and Why It Matters.Susana Monsó, Judith Benz-Schwarzburg & Annika Bremhorst - 2018 - The Journal of Ethics 22 (3-4):283-310.
    It has been argued that some animals are moral subjects, that is, beings who are capable of behaving on the basis of moral motivations. In this paper, we do not challenge this claim. Instead, we presuppose its plausibility in order to explore what ethical consequences follow from it. Using the capabilities approach, we argue that beings who are moral subjects are entitled to enjoy positive opportunities for the flourishing of their moral capabilities, and that the thwarting of these capabilities entails (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  3. Animal Moral Psychologies.Susana Monsó & Kristin Andrews - forthcoming - In John M. Doris & Manuel Vargas (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Moral Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Observations of animals engaging in apparently moral behavior have led academics and the public alike to ask whether morality is shared between humans and other animals. Some philosophers explicitly argue that morality is unique to humans, because moral agency requires capacities that are only demonstrated in our species. Other philosophers argue that some animals can participate in morality because they possess these capacities in a rudimentary form. Scientists have also joined the discussion, and their views are just (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  4. Are Animals Moral? A Theological Appraisal of the Evolution of Vice and Virtue.Celia Deane-Drummond - 2009 - Zygon 44 (4):932-950.
    I discuss controversial claims about the status of non-human animals as moral beings in relation to philosophical claims to the contrary. I address questions about the ontology of animals rather than ethical approaches as to how humans need to treat other animals through notions of, for example, animal rights. I explore the evolutionary origins of behavior that can be considered vices or virtues and suggest that Thomas Aquinas is closer to Darwin's view on nonhuman animals than we might suppose. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  5.  35
    Are Animals Moral Beings?S. F. Sapontzis - 1980 - American Philosophical Quarterly 17 (1):45 - 52.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  6.  29
    Are Animals Moral?: Zhu Xi and Jeong Yakyong’s Views on Nonhuman Animals.Youngsun Back - 2018 - Asian Philosophy 28 (2):97-116.
    ABSTRACTOne significant feature of Jeong Yakyong’s丁若鏞 thought is his deconstruction of Zhu Xi’s 朱熹 moral universe based on li 理 and qi 氣. For Zhu Xi, the world in its entirety was a moral place, but Jeong Yakyong distinguished nonmoral domains from the moral domain. One question that follows in pursuing a comparison of their philosophies on this topic is what each thinker meant by ‘moral’ and, in particular, whether they meant the same thing. In this paper, I delve deeper (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7. Tactful Animals: How the Study of Touch Can Inform the Animal Morality Debate.Susana Monsó & Birte Wrage - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology 34 (1):1-27.
    In this paper, we argue that scientists working on the animal morality debate have been operating with a narrow view of morality that prematurely limits the variety of moral practices that animals may be capable of. We show how this bias can be partially corrected by paying more attention to the touch behaviours of animals. We argue that a careful examination of the ways in which animals engage in and navigate touch interactions can shed new light on (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  8. A Practice‐Focused Case for Animal Moral Agency.Dorna Behdadi - 2021 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 38 (2):226-243.
    Considerations of nonhuman animal moral agency typically base their reasoning and (very often negative) verdict on a capacity‐focused approach to moral agency. According to this approach, an entity is a moral agent if it has certain intrapersonal features or capacities, typically in terms of conscious reflection and deliberation. According to a practice‐focused notion of moral agency, however, an entity is a moral agent in virtue of being a participant of a moral responsibility practice (MRP). I argue that a practice‐focused (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  9. Animals, Moral Status Of.Oscar Horta - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley.
  10. Two Perspectives on Animal Morality.Adam M. Willows & Marcus Baynes-Rock - 2018 - Zygon 53 (4):953-970.
    Are animals moral agents? In this article, a theologian and an anthropologist unite to bring the resources of each field to bear on this question. Alas, not all interdisciplinary conversations end harmoniously, and after much discussion the two authors find themselves in substantial disagreement over the answer. The article is therefore presented in two halves, one for each side of the argument. As well as presenting two different positions, our hope is that this article clarifies the different understandings of (...) in our respective fields and will help to offset confusion in interdisciplinary dialogue. In what follows, we each present our case. In the first section, Adam Willows argues that moral activity necessarily involves the use of reason, symbolic thought, and language and is on that basis an exclusively human affair. In the second, Marcus Baynes-Rock discusses his experience of relationality with other creatures; a relationality which, he argues, creates a shared understanding of obligations which are characteristically moral. (shrink)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  33
    Animals, Morality and Robert Boyle.J. J. MacIntosh - 1996 - Dialogue 35 (3):435-472.
    In early life, the philosopher, theologian and scientist Robert Boyle wrote extensively on moral matters. One of the extant early documents written in Boyle's hand deals with the morality of our treatment of non-human animals. In this piece Boyle offered a number of arguments for extending moral concern to non-human animals. Since the later Boyle routinely vivisected or otherwise killed animals in his scientific experiments, we are left with the biographical questions, did his views change, and if so, why? (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  19
    Animals, Moral Status, and the Objectives of Morality.Ronald A. Lindsay - 2017 - Think 16 (47):33-43.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. The Origins of the Western Debate by Richard Sorabji.Animal Minds & Human Morals - forthcoming - Ethics.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  19
    Animals: Moral Rights and Legal Rights.Charles Magel - 1985 - Between the Species 1 (2):4.
  15.  5
    Animal Minds and Human Morals: The Origins of the Western Debate.Richard Sorabji - 2018 - Cornell University Press.
    "They don't have syntax, so we can eat them." According to Richard Sorabji, this conclusion attributed to the Stoic philosophers was based on Aristotle's argument that animals lack reason. In his fascinating, deeply learned book, Sorabji traces the roots of our thinking about animals back to Aristotelian and Stoic beliefs. Charting a recurrent theme in ancient philosophy of mind, he shows that today's controversies about animal rights represent only the most recent chapter in millennia-old debates. Sorabji surveys a vast (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  16.  88
    What Rationality Adds to Animal Morality.Bruce N. Waller - 1997 - Biology and Philosophy 12 (3):341-356.
    Philosophical tradition demands rational reflection as a condition for genuine moral acts. But the grounds for that requirement are untenable, and when the requirement is dropped morality comes into clearer view as a naturally developing phenomenon that is not confined to human beings and does not require higher-level rational reflective processes. Rational consideration of rules and duties can enhance and extend moral behavior, but rationality is not necessary for morality and (contrary to the Kantian tradition represented by Thomas (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  17.  43
    Slaves, Embryos, and Nonhuman Animals: Moral Status and the Limitations of Common Morality Theory.Ronald Alan Lindsay - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (4):323-346.
    : Common morality theory must confront apparent counterexamples from the history of morality, such as the widespread acceptance of slavery in prior eras, that suggest core norms have changed over time. A recent defense of common morality theory addresses this problem by drawing a distinction between the content of the norms of the common morality and the range of individuals to whom these norms apply. This distinction is successful in reconciling common morality theory with practices (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18.  4
    The Nature of the Beast: Are Animals Moral?Stephen R. L. Clark (ed.) - 1982 - Oxford University Press.
  19. Animal Minds and Human Morals: The Origins of the Western Debate.Richard Sorabji - 1993 - Cornell University Press.
    Animal Minds and Human Morals sheds new light on traditional arguments surrounding the status of animals while pointing beyond them to current moral dilemmas.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   61 citations  
  20. Is (Merely) Stalking Sentient Animals Morally Wrong?Jason Kawall - 2000 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (2):195–204.
    Such activities as tracking, watching, and photographing animals are frequently presented as morally superior alternatives to hunting, but could they themselves be morally problematic? In this paper I argue that, despite certain differences from the stalking of humans, a strong case can be made for the prima facie wrongness of stalking sentient animals. The chief harm of stalking is the fear and altered patterns of behavior which it forces upon its victims.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  27
    Animal Minds, Animal Morality.Colin Mcginn - 1995 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 62.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  22. Wild Animal Ethics: The Moral and Political Problem of Wild Animal Suffering.Kyle Johannsen - 2021 - New York, NY, USA: Routledge.
    Though many ethicists have the intuition that we should leave nature alone, Kyle Johannsen argues that we have a duty to research safe ways of providing large-scale assistance to wild animals. Using concepts from moral and political philosophy to analyze the issue of wild animal suffering (WAS), Johannsen explores how a collective, institutional obligation to assist wild animals should be understood. He claims that with enough research, genetic editing may one day give us the power to safely intervene without (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  23. 'In It for the Animals: Moral Certainty and Animal Welfare'.Nicola Taylor - 2004 - Society and Animals 12 (4):317-339.
    Based on three years' ethnographic research with animal sanctuary workers, this paper argues that a level of moral certainty drives and justifies many of the workers' actions and beliefs. Similar to the "missionary zeal" of nonhuman animal rights activists, this moral certainty divides the world into two neat categories: good for the animals and bad for the animals. This overriding certainty takes precedence over other concerns and pervades all aspects of sanctuary life, resulting in the breakdown of different (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24. Morals, Reason, and Animals.Steve F. Sapontzis - 1987 - Temple University Press.
    This book criticizes the common belief that we are entitled to exploit animals for our benefit because they are not as rational as people. After discussing the moral (in)significance of reason in general, the author proceeds to develop a clear, commonsensical conception of what "animal rights" is about and why everyday morality points toward the liberation of animals as the next logical step in Western moral progress. The book evaluates criticisms of animal rights that have appeared in (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   100 citations  
  25. Animal Minds and Animal Morals.K. Petrus & M. Wild (eds.) - forthcoming
  26.  18
    Article Review of Are Animals Moral Beings?, A Critique of Personhood, Must We Value Life to Have a Right to It?, Ethics & Animals.James A. Nelson - unknown
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  16
    Rowlands on Animal Morality[REVIEW]Gary Steiner - 2014 - The Philosophers' Magazine 65:115-118.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Taking Animals Seriously: Mental Life and Moral Status.David DeGrazia (ed.) - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Transcending the overplayed debate between utilitarians and rights theorists, the book offers a fresh methodological approach with specific constructive conclusions about our treatment of animals. David DeGrazia provides the most thorough discussion yet of whether equal consideration should be extended to animals' interests, and examines the issues of animal minds and animal well-being with an unparalleled combination of philosophical rigor and empirical documentation. This book is an important contribution to the field of animal ethics.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   128 citations  
  29. Re-Framing the Debate Over Animal Morality.Simon Fitzpatrick - 2020 - EurSafe Newsletter 22 (1):3-6.
    Is morality uniquely human or does morality exist in at least some non-human animals? Are animals full-fledged moral creatures or do they merely exhibit proto-morality—evolutionary building blocks or precursors to morality, but not quite the genuine article? Such questions, prompted by remarkable advances in empirical research into the social and emotional lives of non-human animals, have aroused much recent interest amongst scientists, philosophers, and in the popular media, not least for their apparent bearing on questions of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  5
    Rowlands on Animal Morality[REVIEW]Gary Steiner - 2014 - The Philosophers' Magazine 65:115-118.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  42
    Learning Ethics From Our Relationships with Animals: Moral Imagination.Maurice Hamington - 2008 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):177-188.
    The majority of animal advocacy discourse is unidirectional: Humans are regarded as stewards of animal welfare, and humans control the bestowal of rights and protections upon animals. This article offers a reversal of the typical moral reflection used in animal advocacy. I suggest that our relationship with animals participates in the development of moral faculties requisite for ethical behavior. In other words, we have a lot to learn from animals, not in this instance by documenting their behavior, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  32. The Animals Issue: Moral Theory in Practice.Peter Carruthers - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    Do animals have moral rights? In contrast to the philosophical gurus of the animal rights movement, whose opinion has held moral sway in recent years, Peter Carruthers here claims that they do not. He explores a variety of moral theories, arguing that animals lack direct moral significance. This provocative but judiciously argued book will appeal to all those interested in animal rights, whatever their initial standpoint. It will also serve as a lively introduction to ethics, demonstrating why theoretical (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   71 citations  
  33.  61
    Animal Rights and Human Morality.Bernard E. Rollin - 1981 - Prometheus Books.
    Offers a forthright approach to the many disquieting questions surrounding the emotional debate over animal rights. This book includes a chapter on animal agriculture, and additional discussions of animal law, companion animal issues, genetic engineering, animal pain, animal research, and other topics.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   131 citations  
  34.  37
    Moral, Believing Animals: Human Personhood and Culture.Christian Smith - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    What kind of animals are human beings? And how do our visions of the human shape our theories of social action and institutions? In Moral, Believing Animals>, Christian Smith advances a creative theory of human persons and culture that offers innovative, challenging answers to these and other fundamental questions in sociological, cultural, and religious theory. Smith suggests that human beings have a peculiar set of capacities and proclivities that distinguishes them significantly from other animals on this planet. Despite the vast (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  35.  21
    Beyond Primates: Research Protections and Animal Moral Value.Rebecca L. Walker - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (4):28-30.
    Should monkeys be used in painful and often deadly infectious disease research that may save many human lives? This is the challenging question that Anne Barnhill, Steven Joffe, and Franklin G. Miller take on in their carefully argued and compelling article “The Ethics of Infection Challenges in Primates.” The authors offer a nuanced and even-handed position that takes philosophical worries about nonhuman primate moral status seriously and still appreciates the very real value of such research for human welfare. Overall, they (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36.  35
    Can Animals Be Moral?Mark Rowlands - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    Can animals act morally? Philosophical tradition answers 'no,' and has apparently convincing arguments on its side. Cognitive ethology supplies a growing body of empirical evidence that suggests these arguments are wrong. This groundbreaking book assimilates both philosophical and ethological frameworks into a unified whole and argues for a qualified 'yes.'.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   43 citations  
  37.  2
    Animal Rights & Human Morality.Bernard E. Rollin - 1992 - Prometheus Books.
    Offers a forthright approach to the many disquieting questions surrounding the emotional debate over animal rights. This book includes a chapter on animal agriculture, and additional discussions of animal law, companion animal issues, genetic engineering, animal pain, animal research, and other topics.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   89 citations  
  38.  97
    Morality's Progress: Essays on Humans, Other Animals, and the Rest of Nature.Dale Jamieson (ed.) - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    The twenty-two papers here are invigoratingly diverse, but together tell a unified story about various aspects of the morality of our relationships to animals and to nature.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  39.  44
    Animal Rights: Moral Theory and Practice.Mark Rowlands - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Animal rights and moral theories -- Arguing for one's species -- Utilitarianism and animals : Peter Singer's case for animal liberation -- Tom Regan : animal rights as natural rights -- Virtue ethics and animals -- Contractarianism and animal rights -- Animal minds.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  40. The Moral Status of Animals.Stephen R. L. Clark - 1977 - Oxford University Press.
  41. Animal minds and human morals. The origins of the Western debate.Richard Sorabji - 1993 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 186 (2):293-294.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   53 citations  
  42. Facing Animals: A Relational, Other-Oriented Approach to Moral Standing.Mark Coeckelbergh & David J. Gunkel - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (5):715-733.
    In this essay we reflect critically on how animal ethics, and in particular thinking about moral standing, is currently configured. Starting from the work of two influential “analytic” thinkers in this field, Peter Singer and Tom Regan, we examine some basic assumptions shared by these positions and demonstrate their conceptual failings—ones that have, despite efforts to the contrary, the general effect of marginalizing and excluding others. Inspired by the so-called “continental” philosophical tradition , we then argue that what is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  43. The Moral Basis of Animal-Assisted Therapy.Tzachi Zamir - 2006 - Society and Animals 14 (2):179-199.
    Is nonhuman animal-assisted therapy a form of exploitation? After exploring possible moral vindications of AAT and after establishing a distinction between "use" and "exploitation," the essay distinguishes between forms of animal-assisted therapy that are morally unobjectionable and those modes of it that ought to be abolished.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  44. Moral Agency in Other Animals.Paul Shapiro - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):357-373.
    Some philosophers have argued that moral agency is characteristic of humans alone and that its absence from other animals justifies granting higher moral status to humans. However, human beings do not have a monopoly on moral agency, which admits of varying degrees and does not require mastery of moral principles. The view that all and only humans possess moral agency indicates our underestimation of the mental lives of other animals. Since many other animals are moral agents (to varying degrees), they (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  45.  67
    Animal Rights, Human Wrongs: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy.Tom Regan - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Regan provides the theoretical framework that grounds a responsible pro-animal rights perspective, and ultimately explores how asking moral questions about other animals can lead to a better understanding of ourselves.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  46.  27
    Animals, Politics, and Morality.Robert Garner - 1993 - Distributed Exclusively in the Usa by Palgrave.
    This is an extensively re-written second edition of a well regarded and much cited text on the issue of animal protection. It remains the only text to combine an examination of the philosophy and politics of the issue. Its central argument is that the philosophical debate is central to an understanding and evaluation of the substantive issues involving animals and the nature of the movement for change. The book has been thoroughly revised to include major theoretical and empirical developments. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  47.  73
    Animals and the agency account of moral status.Marc G. Wilcox - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (7):1879-1899.
    In this paper, I aim to show that agency-based accounts of moral status are more plausible than many have previously thought. I do this by developing a novel account of moral status that takes agency, understood as the capacity for intentional action, to be the necessary and sufficient condition for the possession of moral status. This account also suggests that the capacities required for sentience entail the possession of agency, and the capacities required for agency, entail the possession of sentience. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  48. Human-Animal Chimeras: Human Dignity, Moral Status, and Species Prejudice.David Degrazia - 2007 - Metaphilosophy 38 (2-3):309–329.
    The creation of chimeras by introducing human stem cells into nonhu- man animals has provoked intense concerns. Addressing objections that appeal to human dignity, I focus in this essay on stem cell research intended to generate human neurons in Great Apes and rodents. After considering samples of dignity- based objections from the literature, I examine the underlying assumption that nonhuman animals have lower moral status than personsFwith particular attention to what it means to speak of higher and lower moral statusFbefore (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  49. The Moral Animal.Richard D. Wright - 1994 - Pantheon Books.
  50.  55
    Moral Intensity and Willingness to Pay Concerning Farm Animal Welfare Issues and the Implications for Agricultural Policy.Richard Bennett, J. Anderson & Ralph Blaney - 2002 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):187-202.
    An experimental survey was undertakento explore the links between thecharacteristics of a moral issue, the degree ofmoral intensity/moral imperative associatedwith the issue, and people'sstated willingness to pay for policy toaddress the issue. Two farm animal welfareissues were chosen for comparison and thecontingent valuation method was used to elicitpeople's wtp. The findings of the surveysuggest that increases in moral characteristicsdo appear to result in an increase in moralintensity and the degree of moral imperativeassociated with an issue. Moreover, there was apositive (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000