Results for 'Zalan Shah'

721 found
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  1. A comprehensive update on CIDO: the community-based coronavirus infectious disease ontology.Yongqun He, Hong Yu, Anthony Huffman, Asiyah Yu Lin, Darren A. Natale, John Beverley, Ling Zheng, Yehoshua Perl, Zhigang Wang, Yingtong Liu, Edison Ong, Yang Wang, Philip Huang, Long Tran, Jinyang Du, Zalan Shah, Easheta Shah, Roshan Desai, Hsin-hui Huang, Yujia Tian, Eric Merrell, William D. Duncan, Sivaram Arabandi, Lynn M. Schriml, Jie Zheng, Anna Maria Masci, Liwei Wang, Hongfang Liu, Fatima Zohra Smaili, Robert Hoehndorf, Zoë May Pendlington, Paola Roncaglia, Xianwei Ye, Jiangan Xie, Yi-Wei Tang, Xiaolin Yang, Suyuan Peng, Luxia Zhang, Luonan Chen, Junguk Hur, Gilbert S. Omenn, Brian Athey & Barry Smith - 2022 - Journal of Biomedical Semantics 13 (1):25.
    The current COVID-19 pandemic and the previous SARS/MERS outbreaks of 2003 and 2012 have resulted in a series of major global public health crises. We argue that in the interest of developing effective and safe vaccines and drugs and to better understand coronaviruses and associated disease mechenisms it is necessary to integrate the large and exponentially growing body of heterogeneous coronavirus data. Ontologies play an important role in standard-based knowledge and data representation, integration, sharing, and analysis. Accordingly, we initiated the (...)
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  2.  84
    Defusing Bertrand’s Paradox.Zalán Gyenis & Rédei Miklós - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (2):349-373.
    The classical interpretation of probability together with the principle of indifference is formulated in terms of probability measure spaces in which the probability is given by the Haar measure. A notion called labelling invariance is defined in the category of Haar probability spaces; it is shown that labelling invariance is violated, and Bertrand’s paradox is interpreted as the proof of violation of labelling invariance. It is shown that Bangu’s attempt to block the emergence of Bertrand’s paradox by requiring the re-labelling (...)
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  3. Śuddhādvaitamāṃ brahmavāda.Jethalal Govardhandas Shah - 1973
     
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  4.  3
    Naqd-i Iqbāl.Syed Mohammed Ali Shah - 1964 - Lāhaur: Āʼinah-yi Adab.
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  5.  14
    The Modal Logic of Bayesian Belief Revision.William Brown, Zalán Gyenis & Miklós Rédei - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 48 (5):809-824.
    In Bayesian belief revision a Bayesian agent revises his prior belief by conditionalizing the prior on some evidence using Bayes’ rule. We define a hierarchy of modal logics that capture the logical features of Bayesian belief revision. Elements in the hierarchy are distinguished by the cardinality of the set of elementary propositions on which the agent’s prior is defined. Inclusions among the modal logics in the hierarchy are determined. By linking the modal logics in the hierarchy to the strongest modal (...)
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  6. Conditioning using conditional expectations: the Borel–Kolmogorov Paradox.Zalán Gyenis, Gabor Hofer-Szabo & Miklós Rédei - 2017 - Synthese 194 (7):2595-2630.
    The Borel–Kolmogorov Paradox is typically taken to highlight a tension between our intuition that certain conditional probabilities with respect to probability zero conditioning events are well defined and the mathematical definition of conditional probability by Bayes’ formula, which loses its meaning when the conditioning event has probability zero. We argue in this paper that the theory of conditional expectations is the proper mathematical device to conditionalize and that this theory allows conditionalization with respect to probability zero events. The conditional probabilities (...)
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  7.  62
    General properties of bayesian learning as statistical inference determined by conditional expectations.Zalán Gyenis & Miklós Rédei - 2017 - Review of Symbolic Logic 10 (4):719-755.
    We investigate the general properties of general Bayesian learning, where “general Bayesian learning” means inferring a state from another that is regarded as evidence, and where the inference is conditionalizing the evidence using the conditional expectation determined by a reference probability measure representing the background subjective degrees of belief of a Bayesian Agent performing the inference. States are linear functionals that encode probability measures by assigning expectation values to random variables via integrating them with respect to the probability measure. If (...)
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  8.  37
    Mapping the Relationship Among Political Ideology, CSR Mindset, and CSR Strategy: A Contingency Perspective Applied to Chinese Managers.Fuming Jiang, Tatiana Zalan, Herman H. M. Tse & Jie Shen - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 147 (2):419-444.
    The literature on antecedents of corporate social responsibility strategies of firms has been predominately content driven. Informed by the managerial sense-making process perspective, we develop a contingency theoretical framework explaining how political ideology of managers affects the choice of CSR strategy for their firms through their CSR mindset. We also explain to what extent the outcome of this process is shaped by the firm’s internal institutional arrangements and external factors impacting on the firm. We develop and test several hypotheses using (...)
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  9. Bar and Line Graph Comprehension: An Interaction of Top‐Down and Bottom‐Up Processes.Priti Shah & Eric G. Freedman - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (3):560-578.
    This experiment investigated the effect of format (line vs. bar), viewers’ familiarity with variables, and viewers’ graphicacy (graphical literacy) skills on the comprehension of multivariate (three variable) data presented in graphs. Fifty-five undergraduates provided written descriptions of data for a set of 14 line or bar graphs, half of which depicted variables familiar to the population and half of which depicted variables unfamiliar to the population. Participants then took a test of graphicacy skills. As predicted, the format influenced viewers’ interpretations (...)
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  10. Ibn Rushd wa-al-fikr al-ʻIbrī al-wasīṭ: fiʻl al-thaqāfah al-ʻArabīyah al-Islāmīyah fī al-fikr al-ʻIbrī al-Yahūdī.Aḥmad Shaḥlān - 1999 - [Marrakesh]: A. Shahlān.
     
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  11.  20
    Detection of short-term activity avalanches in human brain default mode network with ultrafast MR encephalography.Zalán Rajna, Janne Kananen, Anja Keskinarkaus, Tapio Seppänen & Vesa Kiviniemi - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  12.  30
    Standard bayes logic is not finitely axiomatizable.Zalán Gyenis - 2020 - Review of Symbolic Logic 13 (2):326-337.
    In the article [2] a hierarchy of modal logics has been defined to capture the logical features of Bayesian belief revision. Elements in that hierarchy were distinguished by the cardinality of the set of elementary propositions. By linking the modal logics in the hierarchy to the modal logics of Medvedev frames it has been shown that the modal logic of Bayesian belief revision determined by probabilities on a finite set of elementary propositions is not finitely axiomatizable. However, the infinite case (...)
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  13.  72
    The Modal Logic of Bayesian Belief Revision.Zalán Gyenis, Miklós Rédei & William Brown - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 48 (5):809-824.
    In Bayesian belief revision a Bayesian agent revises his prior belief by conditionalizing the prior on some evidence using Bayes’ rule. We define a hierarchy of modal logics that capture the logical features of Bayesian belief revision. Elements in the hierarchy are distinguished by the cardinality of the set of elementary propositions on which the agent’s prior is defined. Inclusions among the modal logics in the hierarchy are determined. By linking the modal logics in the hierarchy to the strongest modal (...)
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  14. Defusing Bertrand’s Paradox.Zalán Gyenis & Miklós Rédei - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (2):349-373.
    The classical interpretation of probability together with the principle of indifference is formulated in terms of probability measure spaces in which the probability is given by the Haar measure. A notion called labelling invariance is defined in the category of Haar probability spaces; it is shown that labelling invariance is violated, and Bertrand’s paradox is interpreted as the proof of violation of labelling invariance. It is shown that Bangu’s attempt to block the emergence of Bertrand’s paradox by requiring the re-labelling (...)
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  15.  45
    On the Modal Logic of Jeffrey Conditionalization.Zalán Gyenis - 2018 - Logica Universalis 12 (3-4):351-374.
    We continue the investigations initiated in the recent papers where Bayes logics have been introduced to study the general laws of Bayesian belief revision. In Bayesian belief revision a Bayesian agent revises his prior belief by conditionalizing the prior on some evidence using the Bayes rule. In this paper we take the more general Jeffrey formula as a conditioning device and study the corresponding modal logics that we call Jeffrey logics, focusing mainly on the countable case. The containment relations among (...)
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  16. Alpha, beta and gamma product of neutrosophic graphs.Nasir Shah, Said Broumi, Abdul Raheem & Tahir Imran - 2020 - In Florentin Smarandache & Said Broumi (eds.), Neutrosophic Theories in Communication, Management and Information Technology. New York: Nova Science Publishers.
     
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  17.  6
    The philosophy of Mahabharata: and not just the story.Mahendra Shah - 2013 - Gujarat, India: Gujarat Pustakalay Sahayak Sahakari Mandal.
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  18. Characterizing Common Cause Closed Probability Spaces.Zalán Gyenis & Miklós Rédei - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (3):393-409.
    A probability space is common cause closed if it contains a Reichenbachian common cause of every correlation in it and common cause incomplete otherwise. It is shown that a probability space is common cause incomplete if and only if it contains more than one atom and that every space is common cause completable. The implications of these results for Reichenbach's Common Cause Principle are discussed, and it is argued that the principle is only falsifiable if conditions on the common cause (...)
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  19.  77
    Atomicity and Causal Completeness.Zalán Gyenis & Miklós Rédei - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S3):1-15.
    The role of measure theoretic atomicity in common cause closedness of general probability theories with non-distributive event structures is raised and investigated. It is shown that if a general probability space is non-atomic then it is common cause closed. Conditions are found that entail that a general probability space containing two atoms is not common cause closed but it is common cause closed if it contains only one atom. The results are discussed from the perspective of the Common Cause Principle.
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  20.  27
    Nonclassical Probability, Convex Hulls, and Dutch Books.Michał Gil Sanchez, Zalán Gyenis & Leszek Wroński - forthcoming - Episteme:1-21.
    We report a solution to an open problem regarding the axiomatization of the convex hull of a type of nonclassical evaluations. We then investigate the meaning of this result for the larger context of the relation between rational credence functions and nonclassical probability. We claim that the notions of bets and Dutch Books typically employed in formal epistemology are of doubtful use outside the realm of classical logic, eventually proposing two novel ways of understanding Dutch Books in nonclassical settings.
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  21. On the margins of law : examining the limits of legislative initiatives on maternal mortality in South Africa and Nigeria.Arooj Shah, Simisola O. Akintola & Irehobhude O. Iyioha - 2019 - In Irehobhude O. Iyioha (ed.), Women's health and the limits of law: domestic and international perspectives. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  22. On the margins of law : examining the limits of legislative initiatives on maternal mortality in South Africa and Nigeria.Arooj Shah, Toyin Akintola & Irehobhude O. Iyioha - 2019 - In Irehobhude O. Iyioha (ed.), Women's health and the limits of law: domestic and international perspectives. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  23.  24
    Interpretation of the Subjects' Condition Requirement: A Legal Perspective.Seema Shah & David Wendler - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):365-373.
    The U.S. Federal regulations allow institutional review boards (IRBs) to approve non-beneficial pediatric research when the risks are a minor increase over minimal, provided that the research is likely to develop generalizable knowledge about the subjects' disorder or condition. This “subjects' condition” requirement is quite controversial; commentators have argued for a variety of interpretations. Despite this considerable disagreement in the literature, there have not been any attempts to apply principles of legal interpretation to determine how the subjects' condition requirement should (...)
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  24.  14
    Managing the Complexity of Dialogues in Context: A Data-Driven Discovery Method for Dialectical Reply Structures.Olena Yaskorska-Shah - 2021 - Argumentation 35 (4):551-580.
    Current formal dialectical models postulate normative rules that enable discussants to conduct dialogical interactions without committing fallacies. Though the rules for conducting a dialogue are supposed to apply to interactions between actual arguers, they are without exception theoretically motivated. This creates a gap between model and reality, because dialogue participants typically leave important content-related elements implicit. Therefore, analysts cannot readily relate normative rules to actual debates in ways that will be empirically confirmable. This paper details a new, data-driven method for (...)
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  25.  20
    Probability and Symmetric Logic.Michał Gil Sanchez, Zalán Gyenis & Leszek Wroński - 2022 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 52 (1):183-198.
    In this paper we study the interaction between symmetric logic and probability. In particular, we axiomatize the convex hull of the set of evaluations of symmetric logic, yielding the notion of probability in symmetric logic. This answers an open problem of Williams ( 2016 ) and Paris ( 2001 ).
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  26.  19
    Lesion correlates of transcranial direct current stimulation in chronic nonfluent aphasia.Shah Priyanka, Norise Cathrine, Garcia Gabriella, Torres Jose, Faseyitan Olufunsho & Hamilton Roy - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  27. Entwicklungsgeschichte des modernen Dramas.Georg Lukács, Frank Benseler & Dénes Zalán - 1984 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 38 (1):155-157.
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  28.  26
    What chance-credence norms should be.Mariangela Zoe Cocchiaro, Zalán Gyenis & Leszek Wroński - 2022 - Synthese 200 (6):1-22.
    We show a somewhat surprising result concerning the relationship between the Principal Principle and its allegedly generalized form. Then, we formulate a few desiderata concerning chance-credence norms and argue that none of the norms widely discussed in the literature satisfies all of them. We suggest that the New Principle comes out as the best contender.
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  29.  12
    The Conclusive Argument From God: Shāh Walī Allāh of Delhi's Ḥujjat Allāh Al-Bāligha.Shāh Walī Allāh - 2020 - Brill.
    This important and comprehensive work of 18th-century Islamic religious thought written in Arabic by a pre-eminent South Asian scholar provides an extensive and detailed picture of Muslim theology and interpretive strategies on the eve of the modern period.
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  30.  27
    Common cause completability of non-classical probability spaces.Zalán Gyenis & Miklós Rédei - 2016 - Belgrade Philosophical Annual 29.
    We prove that under some technical assumptions on a general, non-classical probability space, the probability space is extendible into a larger probability space that is common cause closed in the sense of containing a common cause of every correlation between elements in the space. It is argued that the philosophical significance of this common cause completability result is that it allows the defence of the Common Cause Principle against certain attempts of falsification. Some open problems concerning possible strengthening of the (...)
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  31.  51
    The Bayes Blind Spot of a finite Bayesian Agent is a large set.Zalán Gyenis & Miklós Rédei - unknown
    The Bayes Blind Spot of a Bayesian Agent is the set of probability measures on a Boolean algebra that are absolutely continuous with respect to the background probability measure of a Bayesian Agent on the algebra and which the Bayesian Agent cannot learn by conditionalizing no matter what evidence he has about the elements in the Boolean algebra. It is shown that if the Boolean algebra is finite, then the Bayes Blind Spot is a very large set: it has the (...)
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  32.  15
    On atomicity of free algebras in certain cylindric-like varieties.Zalán Gyenis - 2011 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 19 (1):44-52.
    In this paper we show that the one-generated free three dimensional polyadic and substitutional algebras Fr1PA3 and Fr1SCA3 are not atomic. What is more, their corresponding logics have the Gödel’s incompleteness property. This provides a partial solution to a longstanding open problem of Németi and Maddux going back to Alfred Tarski via the book [12].
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  33.  24
    Upward Morley's theorem downward.Gábor Sági & Zalán Gyenis - 2013 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 59 (4-5):303-331.
    By a celebrated theorem of Morley, a theory T is ℵ1‐categorical if and only if it is κ‐categorical for all uncountable κ. In this paper we are taking the first steps towards extending Morley's categoricity theorem “to the finite”. In more detail, we are presenting conditions, implying that certain finite subsets of certain ℵ1‐categorical T have at most one n‐element model for each natural number (counting up to isomorphism, of course).
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  34.  20
    Intellectual Property Rights.Shah Mohammad Kermat Ali - 2012 - Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):8.
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  35.  8
    Nitshe va Zardushti taʺrikhī: (tarḣrezii bunëdḣoi farḣangi navin).Nuriddin Shaḣobiddinov - 2015 - Dushanbe: Donish.
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  36.  11
    al-Usrah al-Muslimah fī ẓill al-taghayyurāt al-muʻāṣirah.Rāʼid Jamīl ʻUkāshah & Mundhir ʻArafāt Zaytūn (eds.) - 2015 - ʻAmmān: Dār al-Fatḥ lil-Dirāsāt wa-al-Nashr.
    تشخيص فكري ومعرفي لمفهوم الأسرة ومكانتها في الفكر الإسلامي، وتفحّصٌ علمي ومنهجي لأسس البناء الأسري ومقاصده، وكشفٌ عن تأثير التحوّلات الاجتماعية في الأسرة والتحديات التي تواجهها، وتتبعٌ لانعكاسات الفكر الغربي في المنظومة القيمية للأسرة، وتبيّنٌ لبعض التجارب والخبرات في مجال المحافظة على دور الأسرة، لا سيما بعد هيمنة النموذج المعرفي الغربي، ومحاولة طمسه للخصوصيات الثقافية والمجتمعية. حاولت بحوث هذا الكتاب أن تجيب عن تساؤلات معرفية ومجتمعية مهمة مثل: ما أهم التحديات التي تواجه الأسرة المسلمة في الراهن المعاصر وكيفية مواجهتها، وما (...)
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  37.  40
    Why Bertrand's Paradox is not paradoxical but is felt so.Zalán Gyenis & Miklós Rédei - 2015 - In U. Maki, S. Ruphy & G. Schurz (eds.), Recent Developments in the Philosophy of Science. Springer.
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  38.  24
    Ethical considerations in uterus transplantation.Kavita Kavita Shah Arora, Jessica Woessner & Valarie Blake - forthcoming - Medicolegal and Bioethics:81.
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  39.  11
    Algebraic Characterization of the Local Craig Interpolation Property.Zalán Gyenis - 2018 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 47 (1):45-58.
    The sole purpose of this paper is to give an algebraic characterization, in terms of a superamalgamation property, of a local version of Craig interpolation theorem that has been introduced and studied in earlier papers. We continue ongoing research in abstract algebraic logic and use the framework developed by Andréka– Németi and Sain.
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  40.  12
    Subliminal Face Emotion Processing: A Comparison of Fearful and Disgusted Faces.Shah Khalid & Ulrich Ansorge - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  41.  30
    Having a look at the Bayes Blind Spot.Miklós Rédei & Zalán Gyenis - 2019 - Synthese 198 (4):3801-3832.
    The Bayes Blind Spot of a Bayesian Agent is, by definition, the set of probability measures on a Boolean σ\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\sigma $$\end{document}-algebra that are absolutely continuous with respect to the background probability measure of a Bayesian Agent on the algebra and which the Bayesian Agent cannot learn by a single conditionalization no matter what evidence he has about the elements in the Boolean σ\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$\sigma (...)
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  42.  18
    Contemplating the Impact of the Moderators Agency Cost and Number of Supervisors on Corporate Sustainability Under the Aegis of a Cognitive CEO.Muddassar Sarfraz, Ilknur Ozturk, Syed Ghulam Meran Shah & Adnan Maqbool - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  43.  12
    Amalgamation and Robinson property in universal algebraic logic.Zalán Gyenis & Övge Öztürk - forthcoming - Logic Journal of the IGPL.
    There is a well-established correspondence between interpolation and amalgamation for algebraizable logics that satisfy certain additional assumptions. In this paper, we introduce the Robinson property of a logic and show that a conditionally algebraizable logic without any additional assumptions has the Robinson property if and only if the corresponding class of Lindenbaum–Tarski algebras has the amalgamation property. Moreover, we give the logical characterization of the strong amalgamation property, solving an open problem of Andréka–Németi–Sain. It is also shown that given the (...)
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  44.  36
    Uterus Transplantation: The Ethics of Using Deceased Versus Living Donors.Bethany Bruno & Kavita Shah Arora - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (7):6-15.
    Research teams have made considerable progress in treating absolute uterine factor infertility through uterus transplantation, though studies have differed on the choice of either deceased or living donors. While researchers continue to analyze the medical feasibility of both approaches, little attention has been paid to the ethics of using deceased versus living donors as well as the protections that must be in place for each. Both types of uterus donation also pose unique regulatory challenges, including how to allocate donated organs; (...)
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  45.  29
    Admissibility and Bayesian direct inference: no HOPe against ubiquitous defeaters.Zalán Gyenis & Leszek Wronski - unknown
    In this paper we discuss the ``admissibility troubles'' for Bayesian accounts of direct inference proposed in, which concern the existence of surprising, unintuitive defeaters even for mundane cases of direct inference. We first show that one could reasonably suspect that the source of these troubles was informal talk about higher-order probabilities: for cardinality-related reasons, classical probability spaces abound in defeaters for direct inference. We proceed to discuss the issues in the context of the rigorous framework of Higher Probability Spaces. However, (...)
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  46.  28
    Categorial subsystem independence as morphism co-possibility.Zalán Gyenis & Miklós Rédei - 2017 - Communications in Mathematical Physics.
    This paper formulates a notion of independence of subobjects of an object in a general (i.e. not necessarily concrete) category. Subobject independence is the categorial generalization of what is known as subsystem independence in the context of algebraic relativistic quantum field theory. The content of subobject independence formulated in this paper is morphism co-possibility: two subobjects of an object will be defined to be independent if any two morphisms on the two subobjects of an object are jointly implementable by a (...)
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  47.  13
    Finite Jeffrey logic is not finitely axiomatizable.Zalán Gyenis - unknown
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  48.  7
    The Modelwise Interpolation Property of Semantic Logics.Zalán Gyenis, Zalán Molnár & Övge Öztürk - 2023 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 52 (1):59-83.
    In this paper we introduce the modelwise interpolation property of a logic that states that whenever \(\models\phi\to\psi\) holds for two formulas \(\phi\) and \(\psi\), then for every model \(\mathfrak{M}\) there is an interpolant formula \(\chi\) formulated in the intersection of the vocabularies of \(\phi\) and \(\psi\), such that \(\mathfrak{M}\models\phi\to\chi\) and \(\mathfrak{M}\models\chi\to\psi\), that is, the interpolant formula in Craig interpolation may vary from model to model. We compare the modelwise interpolation property with the standard Craig interpolation and with the local interpolation (...)
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  49.  27
    The ubiquitous defeaters: no admissibility troubles for Bayesian accounts of direct inference.Zalán Gyenis & Leszek Wronski - unknown
    In this paper we dispel the supposed ``admissibility troubles'' for Bayesian accounts of direct inference proposed by Wallmann and Hawthorne, which concern the existence of surprising, unintuitive defeaters even for mundane cases of direct inference. We show that if one follows the majority of authors in the field in using classical probability spaces unimbued with any additional structure, one should expect similar phenomena to arise and should consider them unproblematic in themselves: defeaters abound! We then show that the framework of (...)
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  50.  7
    Writing the Mughal World: Studies on Culture and Politics. Muzzafar Alam and Sanjay Subrahmanyam.Shah Mahmoud Hanifi - 2021 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 133 (3).
    Writing the Mughal World: Studies on Culture and Politics. Muzzafar Alam and Sanjay Subrahmanyam. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011. Pp. xviii + 516. $89.50, £62 ; $29.50, £20.50.
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