Results for 'Yale Mandel'

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  1.  50
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]William H. Goetzmann, William Duffy, Jennings L. Wagoner Jr, Roman A. Bernert, Charles D. Biebel, Dorothy Carrington, Richard G. Durnin, Sheldon Rothblatt, David E. Denton, Hyman Kuritz, Nubuo Shimahara, William Hare, Frederick M. Schultz, Floyd K. Wright, Wiiliam Vaughan, Harold B. Dunkel, Michael B. Mcmahon, Owen E. Pittenger, Stephan Michelson, Kal I. Gezi, Lawrence D. Klein, Yale Mandel & Samuel L. Woodward - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (1):28-44.
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  2. The Obedience Alibi: Milgram ’s Account of the Holocaust Reconsidered.David R. Mandel - 1998 - Analyse & Kritik 20 (1):74-94.
    Stanley Milgram’s work on obedience to authority is social psychology’s most influential contribution to theorizing about Holocaust perpetration. The gist of Milgram’s claims is that Holocaust perpetrators were just following orders out of a sense of obligation to their superiors. Milgram, however, never undertook a scholarly analysis of how his obedience experiments related to the Holocaust. The author first discusses the major theoretical limitations of Milgram’s position and then examines the implications of Milgram’s (oft-ignored) experimental manipulations for Holocaust theorizing, contrasting (...)
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  3.  2
    Experience: Implikationen für Mensch, Gesellschaft und Politik: Festschrift für Wolfgang Leidhold.Claudius Mandel, Philipp Thimm & Wolfgang Leidhold (eds.) - 2021 - Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.
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  4. What Vedanta means to me: a symposium.John Yale (ed.) - 1961 - Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Company.
    Gerald Sykes -- Aldous Huxley -- Gerald Heard -- Christopher Isherwood -- John van Druten -- Marianna Masin -- J. Crawford Lewis -- Dorothy F. Mercer -- Kurt Friedrichs -- Swami Atulananda -- Jane Molard -- The Countess of Sandwich -- John Yale -- Joan Rayne -- Durgacharan -- Pravrajika Saradaprana.
     
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  5. Wirklichkeitsethik.Hermann Johann Mandel - 1937 - Leipzig,: J.A. Barth.
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  6. Wirklichkeitsreligion, religion als sinngebung des daseins.Hermann Mandel - 1931 - Kiel,: W. G. Mühlau.
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  7.  16
    Augustine and the KK Principle.Yale Weiss - forthcoming - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis:1-14.
    In On the Trinity 15.12.21, Augustine appears to endorse the KK principle (that if one knows that φ, then one knows that one knows that φ) in the course of giving an argument – the Multiplicity Argument – against the Academic skeptics. Gareth Matthews has disputed Augustine’s endorsement of the KK principle and presented a different reading of the Multiplicity Argument. In this note, I show that Matthews’s construal of the Multiplicity Argument is both interpretively and technically defective and defend (...)
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  8. Revisiting Constructive Mingle: Algebraic and Operational Semantics.Yale Weiss - 2022 - In Katalin Bimbo (ed.), Essays in Honor of J. Michael Dunn. College Publications. pp. 435-455.
    Among Dunn’s many important contributions to relevance logic was his work on the system RM (R-mingle). Although RM is an interesting system in its own right, it is widely considered to be too strong. In this chapter, I revisit a closely related system, RM0 (sometimes known as ‘constructive mingle’), which includes the mingle axiom while not degenerating in the way that RM itself does. My main interest will be in examining this logic from two related semantical perspectives. First, I give (...)
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  9.  31
    Anticipation and Hope as Categories of Historical Materialism.Ernest Mandel - 2002 - Historical Materialism 10 (4):245-259.
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  10.  13
    The Changing Essence of Technology.Mandel Davenport - 1998 - Southwest Philosophy Review 14 (1):77-83.
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  11.  35
    Word-by-word entrainment of speech rhythm during joint story building.Tommi Himberg, Lotta Hirvenkari, Anne Mandel & Riitta Hari - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  12. Making Lists : Social and Material Technologies in the Making of Seventeenth-Century British Natural History.Elizabeth Yale - 2014 - In Pamela H. Smith, Amy R. W. Meyers & Harold J. Cook (eds.), Ways of making and knowing: the material culture of empirical knowledge. New York City: Bard Graduate Center.
     
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  13.  89
    Life without essence: Man as a force-of-nature.Mandel Cabrera, Sarah Coolidge & Joseph Almog - 2011 - Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):43-77.
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  14.  45
    Children's strategy use when playing strategic games.Maartje E. J. Raijmakers, Dorothy J. Mandell, Sara E. Es & Marian Counihan - 2012 - Synthese (3):1-16.
    Strategic games require reasoning about other people’s and one’s own beliefs or intentions. Although they have clear commonalities with psychological tests of theory of mind, they are not clearly related to theory of mind tests for children between 9 and 10 years of age “Flobbe et al. J Logic Language Inform 17(4):417–442 (2008)”. We studied children’s (5–12 years of age) individual differences in how they played a strategic game by analyzing the strategies that they applied in a zero, first, and (...)
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  15.  4
    Son De La Loma [musical Group].Kurt H. Wolff & Alan Mandell - 1989
  16. The Jewish People in Classical Antiquity: From Alexander to Bar Kochba.John H. Hayes & Sara R. Mandell - 1998
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  17.  46
    A New Standardized Emotional Film Database for Asian Culture.Yaling Deng, Meng Yang & Renlai Zhou - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  18.  48
    Semantics for Pure Theories of Connexive Implication.Yale Weiss - 2022 - Review of Symbolic Logic 15 (3):591-606.
    In this article, I provide Urquhart-style semilattice semantics for three connexive logics in an implication-negation language (I call these “pure theories of connexive implication”). The systems semantically characterized include the implication-negation fragment of a connexive logic of Wansing, a relevant connexive logic recently developed proof-theoretically by Francez, and an intermediate system that is novel to this article. Simple proofs of soundness and completeness are given and the semantics is used to establish various facts about the systems (e.g., that two of (...)
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  19.  41
    Risky‐choice framing and rational decision‐making.Sarah A. Fisher & David R. Mandel - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (8):e12763.
    This article surveys the latest research on risky-choice framing effects, focusing on the implications for rational decision-making. An influential program of psychological research suggests that people's judgements and decisions depend on the way in which information is presented, or ‘framed’. In a central choice paradigm, decision-makers seem to adopt different preferences, and different attitudes to risk, depending on whether the options specify the number of people who will be saved or the corresponding number who will die. It is standardly assumed (...)
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  20.  60
    Taboo or tragic: effect of tradeoff type on moral choice, conflict, and confidence. [REVIEW]David R. Mandel & Oshin Vartanian - 2008 - Mind and Society 7 (2):215-226.
    Historically, cognitivists considered moral choices to be determined by analytic processes. Recent theories, however, have emphasized the role of intuitive processes in determining moral choices. We propose that the engagement of analytic and intuitive processes is contingent on the type of tradeoff being considered. Specifically, when a tradeoff necessarily violates a moral principle no matter what choice is made, as in tragic tradeoffs, its resolution should result in greater moral conflict and less confidence in choice than when the tradeoff offers (...)
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  21. Political Identity Over Personal Impact: Early U.S. Reactions to the COVID-19 Pandemic.Robert N. Collins, David R. Mandel & Sarah S. Schywiola - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Research suggests political identity has strong influence over individuals’ attitudes and beliefs, which in turn can affect their behavior. Likewise, firsthand experience with an issue can also affect attitudes and beliefs. A large survey of Americans was analyzed to investigate the effects of both political identity and personal impact on individuals’ reactions to the COVID-19 pandemic. Results show that political identity and personal impact influenced the American public’s attitudes about and response to COVID-19. Consistent with prior research, political identity exerted (...)
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  22.  17
    Marginalia, commonplaces, and correspondence: Scribal exchange in early modern science.Elizabeth Yale - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (2):193-202.
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  23.  6
    Has the Economic Lockdown Following the Covid-19 Pandemic Changed the Gender Division of Labor in Israel?Tali Kristal, Hadas Mandel & Meir Yaish - 2021 - Gender and Society 35 (2):256-270.
    The economic shutdown and national lockdown following the outbreak of COVID-19 have increased demand for unpaid work at home, particularly among families with children, and reduced demand for paid work. Concurrently, the share of the workforce that has relocated its workplace to home has also increased. In this article, we examine the consequences of these processes for the allocation of time among paid work, housework, and care work for men and women in Israel. Using data on 2,027 Israeli adults whom (...)
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  24.  14
    : Reading the Book of Nature: How Eight Best Sellers Reconnected Christianity and the Sciences on the Eve of the Victorian Age.Elizabeth Yale - 2024 - Isis 115 (1):189-190.
  25.  67
    Marginalia, commonplaces, and correspondence: Scribal exchange in early modern science.Elizabeth Yale - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (2):193-202.
    In recent years, historians of science have increasingly turned their attention to the “print culture” of early modern science. These studies have revealed that printing, as both a technology and a social and economic system, structured the forms and meanings of natural knowledge. Yet in early modern Europe, naturalists, including John Aubrey, John Evelyn, and John Ray, whose work is discussed in this paper, often shared and read scientific texts in manuscript either before or in lieu of printing. Scribal exchange, (...)
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  26.  34
    A Note on the Relevance of Semilattice Relevance Logic.Yale Weiss - 2019 - Australasian Journal of Logic 16 (6):177-185.
    A propositional logic has the variable sharing property if φ → ψ is a theorem only if φ and ψ share some propositional variable. In this note, I prove that positive semilattice relevance logic and its extension with an involution negation have the variable sharing property. Typical proofs of the variable sharing property rely on ad hoc, if clever, matrices. However, in this note, I exploit the properties of rather more intuitive arithmetical structures to establish the variable sharing property for (...)
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  27.  45
    Connexive Extensions of Regular Conditional Logic.Yale Weiss - 2019 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 28 (3):611-627.
    The object of this paper is to examine half and full connexive extensions of the basic regular conditional logic CR. Extensions of this system are of interest because it is among the strongest well-known systems of conditional logic that can be augmented with connexive theses without inconsistency resulting. These connexive extensions are characterized axiomatically and their relations to one another are examined proof-theoretically. Subsequently, algebraic semantics are given and soundness, completeness, and decidability are proved for each system. The semantics is (...)
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  28.  8
    In search of multipolar order on the Penrose tiling.E. Y. Vedmedenko, S. Even-Dar Mandel & R. Lifshitz - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (13-15):2197-2207.
  29.  15
    Observation of log-periodic oscillations in the quantum dynamics of electrons on the one-dimensional Fibonacci quasicrystal.Ron Lifshitz & Shahar Even-Dar Mandel - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (19-21):2792-2800.
  30.  45
    Basic Intuitionistic Conditional Logic.Yale Weiss - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 48 (3):447-469.
    Conditional logics have traditionally been intended to formalize various intuitively correct modes of reasoning involving conditional expressions in natural language. Although conditional logics have by now been thoroughly studied in a classical context, they have yet to be systematically examined in an intuitionistic context, despite compelling philosophical and technical reasons to do so. This paper addresses this gap by thoroughly examining the basic intuitionistic conditional logic ICK, the intuitionistic counterpart of Chellas’ important classical system CK. I give ICK both worlds (...)
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  31.  27
    Are the Distinctions Drawn in the Debate about End-of-Life Decision Making “Principled”? If Not, How Much Does It Matter?Yale Kamisar - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):66-84.
    The current ethical-legal consensus — prohibiting assisted suicide and euthanasia, but (1) allowing patients to forgo all life-saving treatment, and (2) permitting pain relief that increases the risk of death — is a means of having it both ways. This is how we often make “tragic choices.”.
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  32.  30
    Are Laws against Assisted Suicide Unconstitutional?Yale Kamisar - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (3):32-41.
    The Supreme Court, reluctant to find constitutional rights in areas marked by divisive social and legal debate, is not likely to constitutionalize a right to assisted suicide. The Court should cleave to the tradition of discouraging suicide and criminalizing its assistance.
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  33.  8
    Verbal and numeric probabilities differentially shape decisions.Robert N. Collins, David R. Mandel & Brooke A. MacLeod - 2024 - Thinking and Reasoning 30 (1):235-257.
    Experts often communicate probabilities verbally (e.g., unlikely) rather than numerically (e.g., 25% chance). Although criticism has focused on the vagueness of verbal probabilities, less attention has been given to the potential unintended, biasing effects of verbal probabilities in communicating probabilities to decision-makers. In four experiments (Ns = 201, 439, 435, 696), we showed that probability format (i.e., verbal vs. numeric) influenced participants’ inferences and decisions following a hypothetical financial expert’s forecast. We observed a format effect for low probability forecasts: verbal (...)
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  34.  5
    The Emotional Content of Children's Writing: A Data‐Driven Approach.Yuzhen Dong, Yaling Hsiao, Nicola Dawson, Nilanjana Banerji & Kate Nation - 2024 - Cognitive Science 48 (3):e13423.
    Emotion is closely associated with language, but we know very little about how children express emotion in their own writing. We used a large‐scale, cross‐sectional, and data‐driven approach to investigate emotional expression via writing in children of different ages, and whether it varies for boys and girls. We first used a lexicon‐based bag‐of‐words approach to identify emotional content in a large corpus of stories (N>100,000) written by 7‐ to 13‐year‐old children. Generalized Additive Models were then used to model changes in (...)
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  35. Frontiers of Conditional Logic.Yale Weiss - 2019 - Dissertation, The Graduate Center, City University of New York
    Conditional logics were originally developed for the purpose of modeling intuitively correct modes of reasoning involving conditional—especially counterfactual—expressions in natural language. While the debate over the logic of conditionals is as old as propositional logic, it was the development of worlds semantics for modal logic in the past century that catalyzed the rapid maturation of the field. Moreover, like modal logic, conditional logic has subsequently found a wide array of uses, from the traditional (e.g. counterfactuals) to the exotic (e.g. conditional (...)
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  36.  11
    Are the Distinctions Drawn in the Debate about End-of-Life Decision Making “Principled”? If Not, How Much Does it Matter?Yale Kamisar - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):66-84.
    I sometimes wonder whether some proponents of physician-assisted suicide or physician-assisted death think they own the copyright to such catchy phrases as “death with dignity” and “a good death” so that if you are against PAS or PAD, thenyou must be againsta dignified death or a good death. If one removes the quotation marks around phrases like “aid-in-dying” or “compassionate care for the dying,” I am not opposed to such end-of-life care either. Indeed, how couldanybodybe against this type of care?I (...)
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  37. Late Capitalism.Ernest Mandel - 1979 - Science and Society 43 (1):106-109.
  38.  18
    Abolition of the PRE by instructions in GSR conditioning.Wagner H. Bridger & Irwin J. Mandel - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (5):476.
  39.  48
    Did Aristotle Endorse Aristotle’s Thesis? A Case Study in Aristotle’s Metalogic.Yale Weiss - 2022 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 63 (4):551-579.
    Since McCall (1966), the heterodox principle of propositional logic that it is impossible for a proposition to be entailed by its own negation—in symbols, ¬(¬φ→φ)—has gone by the name of Aristotle’s thesis, since Aristotle apparently endorses it in Prior Analytics 2.4, 57b3–14. Scholars have contested whether Aristotle did endorse his eponymous thesis, whether he could do so consistently, and for what purpose he endorsed it if he did. In this article, I reconstruct Aristotle’s argument from this passage and show that (...)
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  40.  63
    Semantics for Counterpossibles.Yale Weiss - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Logic 14 (4):383-407.
    The object of this paper is to examine two approaches to giving non-vacuous truth conditions for counterpossibles, counterfactuals with impossible antecedents. I first develop modifications of a Lewis-style sphere semantics with impossible worlds. I argue that this approach sanctions intuitively invalid inferences and is supported by philosophically problematic foundations. I then develop modifications of certain ceteris paribus conditional logics with impossible worlds. Tableaux are given for each of these in an appendix and soundness and completeness results are proved. While certain (...)
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  41.  33
    The power of style: differential operator scaling in the lexical compression of sequences generated by psychological, content-free computer tasks.Karen A. Selz & Arnold J. Mandell - 1997 - Complexity 2 (5):50-55.
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  42.  37
    Uncertainty, Decision Science, and Policy Making: A Manifesto for a Research Agenda.David Tuckett, Antoine Mandel, Diana Mangalagiu, Allen Abramson, Jochen Hinkel, Konstantinos Katsikopoulos, Alan Kirman, Thierry Malleret, Igor Mozetic, Paul Ormerod, Robert Elliot Smith, Tommaso Venturini & Angela Wilkinson - 2015 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 27 (2):213-242.
    ABSTRACTThe financial crisis of 2008 was unforeseen partly because the academic theories that underpin policy making do not sufficiently account for uncertainty and complexity or learned and evolved human capabilities for managing them. Mainstream theories of decision making tend to be strongly normative and based on wishfully unrealistic “idealized” modeling. In order to develop theories of actual decision making under uncertainty, we need new methodologies that account for how human actors often manage uncertain situations “well enough.” Some possibly helpful methodologies, (...)
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  43.  12
    Socialism: Feasibility and Reality.M. Mandel William - 1993 - Science and Society 57 (3):349 - 355.
  44.  17
    Multimodal spatial representations in the primate parietal lobe.Yale E. Cohen & Richard A. Andersen - 2004 - In Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.), Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. Oxford University Press. pp. 154--176.
  45.  16
    Teaching & learning guide for: Risky‐choice framing and rational decision‐making.Sarah A. Fisher & David R. Mandel - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (12):e12794.
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  46.  63
    The psychology of counterfactual thinking.David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.) - 2005 - New York: Routledge.
    It is human nature to wonder how things might have turned out differently--either for the better or for the worse. For the past two decades psychologists have been intrigued by this phenomenon, which they call counterfactual thinking. Specifically, researchers have sought to answer the "big" questions: Why do people have such a strong propensity to generate counterfactuals, and what functions does counterfactual thinking serve? What are the determinants of counterfactual thinking, and what are its adaptive and psychological consequences? This important (...)
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  47.  29
    Judgment dissociation theory: An analysis of differences in causal, counterfactual and covariational reasoning.David R. Mandel - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (3):419.
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  48.  21
    Agent-patient similarity affects sentence structure in language production: evidence from subject omissions in Mandarin.Yaling Hsiao, Yannan Gao & Maryellen C. MacDonald - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  49. Escape from reality: Prisoners' counterfactual thinking about crime, justice and punishment.M. K. Dhami, D. R. Mandel & K. A. Souza - 2005 - In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge. pp. 165--182.
     
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  50.  8
    Electronic energy spectra and wave functions on the square Fibonacci tiling.S. Even-Dar Mandel & R. Lifshitz - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (6-8):759-764.
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