Results for 'Yael Sygal'

262 found
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  1.  75
    Associative Grammar Combination Operators for Tree-Based Grammars.Yael Sygal & Shuly Wintner - 2009 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 18 (3):293-316.
    Polarized unification grammar (PUG) is a linguistic formalism which uses polarities to better control the way grammar fragments interact. The grammar combination operation of PUG was conjectured to be associative. We show that PUG grammar combination is not associative, and even attaching polarities to objects does not make it order-independent. Moreover, we prove that no non-trivial polarity system exists for which grammar combination is associative. We then redefine the grammar combination operator, moving to the powerset domain, in a way that (...)
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  2.  59
    Manifestations of Genericity.Yael Greenberg - 2003 - Routledge.
    In this book, Yael Greenberg discusses and clarifies a number of controversial issues and phenomena in the generic literature, including the existence of ...
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  3.  38
    Liberal Nationalism.Yael Tamir - 1995 - Princeton University Press.
    "This is a most timely, intelligent, well-written, and absorbing essay on a central and painful social and political problem of out time."--Sir Isaiah Berlin"The major achievement of this remarkable book is a critical theory of nationalism, worked through historical and contemporary examples, explaining the value of national commitments and defining their moral limits. Tamir explores a set of problems that philosophers have been notably reluctant to take on, and leaves us all in her debt."--Michael WalzerIn this provocative work, Yael (...)
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  4.  88
    Dialogues on Prediction Errors.Yael Niv & Geoffrey Schoenbaum - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (7):265-272.
  5.  7
    Do the Ends Dictate the Means in Emotion Regulation?Yael Millgram, Gal Sheppes, Elise K. Kalokerinos, Peter Kuppens & Maya Tamir - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 148 (1):80-96.
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  6. Heim Sequences and Why Most Unqualified ‘Would’-Counterfactuals Are Not True.Yael Loewenstein - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 99 (3):597-610.
    ABSTRACT The apparent consistency of Sobel sequences famously motivated David Lewis to defend a variably strict conditional semantics for counterfactuals. If Sophie had gone to the parade, she would have seen Pedro. If Sophie had gone to the parade and had been stuck behind someone tall, she would not have seen Pedro. But if the order of the counterfactuals in a Sobel sequence is reversed—in the example, if is asserted prior to —the second counterfactual asserted no longer rings true. This (...)
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  7.  39
    The Ethics of Advertising for Health Care Services.Yael Schenker, Robert M. Arnold & Alex John London - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (3):34-43.
    Advertising by health care institutions has increased steadily in recent years. While direct-to-consumer prescription drug advertising is subject to unique oversight by the Federal Drug Administration, advertisements for health care services are regulated by the Federal Trade Commission and treated no differently from advertisements for consumer goods. In this article, we argue that decisions about pursuing health care services are distinguished by informational asymmetries, high stakes, and patient vulnerabilities, grounding fiduciary responsibilities on the part of health care providers and health (...)
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  8.  42
    Language Barriers and Epistemic Injustice in Healthcare Settings.Yael Peled - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (6):360-367.
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  9.  27
    Tongue-Tied: Rawls, Political Philosophy and Metalinguistic Awareness.Yael Peled & Matteo Bonotti - unknown
    Is our moral cognition “colored” by the language that we speak? Despite the centrality of language to political life and agency, limited attempts have been made thus far in contemporary political philosophy to consider this possibility. We therefore set out to explore the possible influence of linguistic relativity effects on political thinking in linguistically diverse societies. We begin by introducing the facts and fallacies of the “linguistic relativity” principle, and explore the various ways in which they “color,” often covertly, current (...)
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  10.  23
    A Revised, Gradability-Based Semantics for Even.Yael Greenberg - 2018 - Natural Language Semantics 26 (1):51-83.
    This paper concentrates on giving precise content to the general wisdom on the scalar presupposition of even, according to which the prejacent of even, p, is stronger than its relevant focus alternatives, q. To that end I first examine both familiar challenges for the popular ‘comparative likelihood’ view of the ‘stronger than’ relation, as well as novel challenges, having to do with the context dependency of even and with its sensitivity to standards of comparison. To overcome these challenges and to (...)
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  11. Against the Standard Solution to the Grandfather Paradox.Yael Loewenstein - 2022 - Synthese 200 (2).
    1000 time-travelers travel back in time, each with the intention of killing their own infant-self. If there is no branching time, then on pain of bringing about a logical contradiction, all must fail. But this seems inexplicable: what is to ensure that the time-travelers are stopped? For a time, this inexplicability objection was thought to provide evidence that there is something incoherent about the possibility of backwards time travel in a universe without branching time. There is now near-consensus, however, that (...)
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  12. Polysemy: Theoretical and Computational Approaches.Yael Ravin & Claudia Leacock (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    Polysemy is a term used in semantic and lexical analysis to describe a word with multiple meanings. Although such words present few difficulties in everyday communication, they do pose near-intractable problems for linguists and lexicographers. The contributors in this volume consider the implications of these problems for linguistic theory and how they may be addressed in computational linguistics.
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  13. Liberal Nationalism.Yael Tamir - 1995 - Ethics 105 (3):626-645.
     
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  14.  25
    Predicted Errors in Children’s Early Sentence Comprehension.Yael Gertner & Cynthia Fisher - 2012 - Cognition 124 (1):85-94.
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  15. Why the Direct Argument Does Not Shift the Burden of Proof.Yael Loewenstein - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy 113 (4):210-223.
    Peter van Inwagen's influential Direct Argument (DA) for the incompatibility of moral responsibility and causal determinism makes use of an inference rule he calls "Rule B." Michael McKenna has argued that van Inwagen's defense of this rule is dialectically inappropriate because it is based entirely on alleged “confirming” cases that are not of the right kind to justify the use of Rule B in DA. Here I argue that McKenna’s objection is on the right track but more must be said (...)
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  16.  25
    The Nomological Image of Nature: Explaining the Tide in the Thirteenth Century.Yael Kedar - 2016 - Annals of Science 73 (1):68-88.
    ABSTRACTThe paper examines the relevance of the nomological view of nature to three discussions of tide in the thirteenth century. A nomological conception of nature assumes that the basic explanatory units of natural phenomena are universally binding rules stated in quantitative terms. Robert Grosseteste introduced an account of the tide based on the mechanism of rarefaction and condensation, stimulated by the Moon's rays and their angle of incidence. He considered the Moon's action over the sea an example of the general (...)
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  17.  12
    Hierarchically Organized Behavior and its Neural Foundations: A Reinforcement-Learning Perspective.Andrew C. Barto Matthew M. Botvinick, Yael Niv - 2009 - Cognition 113 (3):262.
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  18. The Puzzle of Free Indirect Discourse.Yael Sharvit - 2008 - Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (3):353-395.
    The purpose of this paper is to shed some light on the familiar puzzle of free indirect discourse (FID). FID shares some properties with standard indirect discourse and with direct discourse, but there is currently no known theory that can accommodate such a hybrid. Based on the observation that FID has ‘de se’ pronouns, I argue that it is a kind of an attitude report.
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  19.  35
    The Ethics of Boycotting as Collective Anti‐Normalisation.Yael Peled - 2019 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 36 (4):527-542.
    Boycotts of various types and forms have become in recent years an increasingly common feature of political life. And yet, despite both their ubiquity and clear ethical grounding, they remain to date under-explored in academic philosophy. I examine in this article the question of the ethics of boycotting, using the academic and cultural boycott of Israel as a case study. I propose that the boycott exhibits an intriguing pattern of continuous tension between its own stated principles and its realised practices, (...)
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  20.  24
    Ravens and Relevance.Yael Cohen - 1987 - Erkenntnis 26 (2):153 - 179.
  21.  8
    Asymmetric Transfer of Auditory Perceptual Learning.Sygal Amitay, Yu-Xuan Zhang & David R. Moore - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  22.  61
    Exceptions to Generics: Where Vagueness, Context Dependence and Modality Interact.Yael Greenberg - 2007 - Journal of Semantics 24 (2):131-167.
    This paper deals with the exceptions-tolerance property of generic sentences with indefinite singular and bare plural subjects (IS and BP generics, respectively) and with the way this property is connected to some well-known observations about felicity differences between the two types of generics (e.g. Lawler's 1973, Madrigals are popular vs. #A madrigal is popular). I show that whereas both IS and BP generics tolerate exceptional and contextually irrelevant individuals and situations in a strikingly similar way, which indicates the existence of (...)
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  23.  12
    Appropriation, Dialogue, and Dispute: Towards a Theory of Philosophical Engagement with the Past.Yael Gazit - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 13 (3):403-422.
    This article suggests a change of perspective on philosophy’s engagement with its past. It argues that rather than the putative purport of giving life to the past philosopher’s work, philosophical engagement with the past gives life to one’s own. Drawing on the neo-pragmatist thesis of Robert Brandom, it suggests looking to what philosophers do when they attribute meaning to concepts and considering their engagement with the past as appropriation in consequence. By scrutinizing Robert Pippin’s opposing thesis of philosophical engagement with (...)
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  24. A Question of Strength: On NPIs in Interrogative Clauses. [REVIEW]Yael Sharvit - 2007 - Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (3):361 - 391.
    We observe that the facts pertaining to the acceptability of negative polarity items (henceforth, NPIs) in interrogative environments are more complex than previously noted. Since Klima [Klima, E. (1964). In J. Fodor & J. Katz (Eds.), The structure of language. Prentice-Hall], it has been typically assumed that NPIs are grammatical in both matrix and embedded questions, however, on closer scrutiny it turns out that there are differences between root and embedded environments, and between question nucleus and wh-restrictor. While NPIs are (...)
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  25.  19
    The Time Course and Characteristics of Procedural Learning in Schizophrenia Patients and Healthy Individuals.Yael Adini, Yoram S. Bonneh, Seva Komm, Lisa Deutsch & David Israeli - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  26.  3
    Charles S. Peirce on the University's Political Potential.Yael Levin Hungerford - 2022 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 58 (1):40-51.
  27. In Defense of the Grammatical Approach to Local Implicatures.Yael Sharvit & Jon Gajewski - 2012 - Natural Language Semantics 20 (1):31-57.
    The existence of “local implicatures” has been the topic of much recent debate. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to this debate by asking what we can learn from three puzzles, namely, the cancellation of such implicatures by or both, their behavior in the complement clauses of negative factive verbs such as sorry, and their behavior in root and embedded questions. Two basic approaches to local implicatures have been advanced: a fully pragmatic account in which local implicatures result (...)
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  28. Why Nationalism.Yael Tamir - 2019 - Princeton University Press.
    The surprising case for liberal nationalism Around the world today, nationalism is back—and it’s often deeply troubling. Populist politicians exploit nationalism for authoritarian, chauvinistic, racist, and xenophobic purposes, reinforcing the view that it is fundamentally reactionary and antidemocratic. But Yael Tamir makes a passionate argument for a very different kind of nationalism—one that revives its participatory, creative, and egalitarian virtues, answers many of the problems caused by neoliberalism and hyperglobalism, and is essential to democracy at its best. In Why (...)
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  29.  11
    Problems with Precision and Neutrality in EOL Preference Elicitation.Yael Schenker & Robert Arnold - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (9):589-590.
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  30.  76
    Morgenbesser’s Coin.Yael Loewenstein - 2021 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 51 (5):317-328.
    Before a fair, indeterministic coin is tossed, Lucky, who is causally isolated from the coin-tossing mechanism, declines to bet on heads. The coin lands heads. The consensus is that the following counterfactual is true: (M:) If Lucky had bet heads, he would have won the bet. It is also widely believed that to rule (M) true, any plausible semantics for counterfactuals must invoke causal independence. But if that’s so, the hope of giving a reductive analysis of causation in terms of (...)
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  31.  15
    Justice is Not Blind: Visual Attention Exaggerates Effects of Group Identification on Legal Punishment.Yael Granot, Emily Balcetis, Kristin E. Schneider & Tom R. Tyler - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (6):2196-2208.
  32.  48
    A New View of Grue.Yaël Cohen - 1979 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 10 (2):244-252.
    Professor Goodman first presented his "new riddle of induction" in 1946 but it was mainly the more elaborated version published in his Fact, Fiction and Forecast in 1955 that has captured the attention of philosophers. Since then, numerous attempts to solve his "paradox of grue" appeared in press; none of them, however, proved to be wholly satisfactory. In this paper I want to present a solution to this 30-years old puzzle. In the first section I shall try to show that (...)
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  33. Semantic Truth Theories.Yael Cohen - 1994 - Magnes Press, Hebrew University.
    "Semantic Truth Theories" uses the techniques of mathematical logic to develop a new semantic treatment of the concept of truth based on ideas of Saul Kripke. Yael Cohen goes on to solve the Liar paradox, Hempel's raven paradox in the philosophy of science, and other classical problems of philosophy. She does this by enlarging the scope of formal logic to include concepts of presupposition besides the usual implication. The book thus provides a unified treatment of many topics having to (...)
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  34.  79
    Should We Be Skeptics or Contextualists About Counterfactual Conditionals?Yael Loewenstein - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (10).
  35. Superlative Expressions, Context, and Focus.Yael Sharvit & Penka Stateva - 2002 - Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (4):453-504.
  36.  21
    Hierarchically Organized Behavior and its Neural Foundations: A Reinforcement Learning Perspective.Matthew M. Botvinick, Yael Niv & Andrew C. Barto - 2009 - Cognition 113 (3):262-280.
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  37.  16
    Applicability Increases the Effect of Misattribution on Judgment.Yael Ecker & Yoav Bar-Anan - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (4):709-721.
    ABSTRACTFeelings and cognitions influence judgment through attribution. For instance, the attribution of positive feelings and cognitions to a stimulus leads to a positive judgment of that stimulus. We examined whether misattribution is moderated by the applicability of a distractor to the judgment question. For instance, when are people more likely to attribute to a target person the affective and cognitive experiences triggered by a kitten – when trying to judge the person’s cuteness or trustworthiness? The kitten triggers experiences specifically relevant (...)
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  38.  45
    Connectivity in Specificational Sentences.Yael Sharvit - 1999 - Natural Language Semantics 7 (3):299-339.
    This paper is concerned with the relationship between the semantics of specificational and predicational sentences and the Connectivity effects they display. It discusses the advantages and disadvantages of semantic and syntactic approaches to Connectivity (the ‘unconstrained-be theory’, the ‘question-in-disguise theory’, and the ‘unclefting theory’), concluding that a semantic theory of Connectivity is not only preferable, but necessary. The paper also discusses the implications of such a move regarding Binding phenomena (i.e., Principle A, B, and C effects): adopting a semantic theory (...)
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  39.  15
    The Neural Basis of Monitoring Goal Progress.Yael Benn, Thomas L. Webb, Betty P. I. Chang, Yu-Hsuan Sun, Iain D. Wilkinson & Tom F. D. Farrow - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  40.  62
    Emedded Questions and 'De Dicto' Readings.Yael Sharvit - 2002 - Natural Language Semantics 10 (2):97-123.
    It is argued, contra Beck and Rullmann (1999), and with Heim (1994), that the sources of strongly exhaustive interpretations and `de dicto' interpretations of wh-complements of veridical question-embedding verbs are one and the same. Beck and Rullmann's theory is shown to predict certain `de dicto' readings which do not exist, while a particular rendition of Heim's theory is shown to constrain the generation of `de dicto' readings in the correct way.
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  41.  12
    The Torah of Levinasian Time.Yael Lin - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (1):81-99.
    The topic of time is central to Levinas's philosophy. By examining aspects of the Biblical stories of Abraham and Moses compared with Greek myths, mainly that of Cronos devouring his children, this paper aims to show that Levinas's view of time, though certainly indebted to the Greek tradition, contains traces of Biblical experiences. Moreover, Levinas's interpretation of time will serve as a concrete demonstration of the way the Jewish experience enables Levinas to express his criticism of the philosophical‐Greek tradition.
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  42.  41
    ‘Natures’ and ‘Laws’: The Making of the Concept of Law of Nature – Robert Grosseteste (C. 1168–1253) and Roger Bacon.Yael Kedar & Giora Hon - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 61:21-31.
  43.  22
    Roger Bacon (C. 1220–1292) and His System of Laws of Nature: Classification, Hierarchy and Significance.Yael Kedar & Giora Hon - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (6):719-745.
    The idea that nature is governed by laws and that the goal of science is to discover and formulate these laws, rose to prominence during the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century. It was manifestly held by the most significant actors of that revolution such as Galileo, Descartes, Kepler, Boyle, and Newton. But this idea was not new. In fact, it made an appearance in the Middle Ages, and it is likely to have emerged already in Antiquity.1In this paper we (...)
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  44.  1
    Formulations on Israeli Political Talk Radio: From Actions and Sequences to Stance Via Dialogic Resonance1.Yael Maschler, Gonen Dori-Hacohen & Bracha Nir - 2014 - Discourse Studies 16 (4):534-571.
    This article explores the properties of formulations in a corpus of Hebrew radio phone-ins by juxtaposing two theoretical frameworks: conversation analysis and dialogic syntax. This combination of frameworks is applied towards explaining an anomalous interaction in the collection – a caller’s marked, unexpected rejection of a formulation of gist produced by the radio phone-in’s host. Our analysis shows that whereas previous CA studies of formulations account for many instances throughout the corpus, understanding this particular formulation in CA terms does not (...)
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  45.  1
    ‘Natures’ and ‘Laws’: The Making of the Concept of Law of Nature – Robert Grosseteste (C. 1168–1253) and Roger Bacon.Yael Kedar & Giora Hon - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 61:21-31.
  46.  2
    Distinguishing Extinction and Natural Selection in the Anthropocene: Preventing the Panda Paradox Through Practical Education Measures.Yael Wyner & Rob DeSalle - forthcoming - Bioessays:1900206.
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  47. Gendering the Renaissance Commonwealth by Anna Becker.Yael Manes - 2021 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 59 (4):681-683.
    In this erudite study, Anna Becker employs the lens of gender to explore the political thought of nine Renaissance writers. She argues that political thinkers in the Italian and French Renaissance perceived the domestic realm to be essentially political, particularly within relationships of marriage and parenting. She demonstrates that "The Great Dichotomy"—the assumed binary opposition between a public-civic realm that is political and male, and a private-domestic realm that is apolitical and female—did not exist in canonical Renaissance political thought.The first (...)
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  48. Veke'ilu Haragláyim Sh'xa Nitka'ot Bifním Kaze (`and Like Your Feet Get Stuck Inside Like'): Hebrew Kaze (`Like'), Ke'ilu (`Like'), and the Decline of Israeli Dugri (`Direct') Speech.Yael Maschler - 2001 - Discourse Studies 3 (3):295-326.
    This study investigates employment of two elements having a lexical source involving comparison -, `like') which have greatly proliferated over the last decade or so in Israel, Hebrew Kaze and ke'ilu. Here I focus particularly on kaze and compare it to ke'ilu, which was investigated at length in Maschler. The data come from audio-recordings of casual conversations of college-educated Israelis with their friends and relatives. A qualitative analysis of talk-in-interaction reveals three functions for kaze: comparative demonstrative, hedge and quotative. A (...)
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  49.  19
    On Thick Records and Complex Artworks: A Study of Record-Keeping Practices at the Museum.Yaël Kreplak - 2018 - Human Studies 41 (4):697-717.
    In 1967 Garfinkel and Bittner were investigating good organizational reasons for bad clinic records, demonstrating how the reading of such records as sociological data should be reported to the understanding of their production’s practical contingencies and to the situated circumstances of their use. This seminal paper opened new avenues of research related to the study of records in various professional contexts and of their transformation, to the development of praxiological approaches to practical and professional texts, or to the study of (...)
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  50.  15
    On Recovery: Re-Directing the Concept by Differentiation of its Meanings.Yael Friedman - 2021 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 24 (3):389-399.
    Recovery is a commonly used concept in both professional and everyday contexts. Yet despite its extensive use, it has not drawn much philosophical attention. In this paper, I question the common understanding of recovery, show how the concept is inadequate, and introduce new and much needed terminology. I argue that recovery glosses over important distinctions and even misrepresents the process of moving away from malady as "going back" to a former state of health. It does not invite important nuances needed (...)
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