Results for 'Wout Scholten'

100 found
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  1.  17
    The Drawbacks of Project Funding for Epistemic Innovation: Comparing Institutional Affordances and Constraints of Different Types of Research Funding.Thomas Franssen, Wout Scholten, Laurens K. Hessels & Sarah de Rijcke - 2018 - Minerva 56 (1):11-33.
    Over the past decades, science funding shows a shift from recurrent block funding towards project funding mechanisms. However, our knowledge of how project funding arrangements influence the organizational and epistemic properties of research is limited. To study this relation, a bridge between science policy studies and science studies is necessary. Recent studies have analyzed the relation between the affordances and constraints of project grants and the epistemic properties of research. However, the potentially very different affordances and constraints of funding arrangements (...)
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  2.  10
    Variation in Valuation: How Research Groups Accumulate Credibility in Four Epistemic Cultures.Laurens K. Hessels, Thomas Franssen, Wout Scholten & Sarah de Rijcke - 2019 - Minerva 57 (2):127-149.
    This paper aims to explore disciplinary variation in valuation practices by comparing the way research groups accumulate credibility across four epistemic cultures. Our analysis is based on case studies of four high-performing research groups representing very different epistemic cultures in humanities, social sciences, geosciences and mathematics. In each case we interviewed about ten researchers, analyzed relevant documents and observed a couple of meetings. In all four cases we found a cyclical process of accumulating credibility. At the same time, we found (...)
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  3.  7
    Note of Clarification on Scholten and Sherman : Erratum.Marc Scholten & Steven J. Sherman - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135 (4):552-552.
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  4.  33
    The Heterogeneous World of Congruency Sequence Effects: An Update.Wout Duthoo, Elger L. Abrahamse, Senne Braem, Carsten N. Boehler & Wim Notebaert - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  5. Adverse Consequences of Article 12 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities for Persons with Mental Disabilities and an Alternative Way Forward.Matthé Scholten & Jakov Gather - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (4):226-233.
    It is widely accepted among medical ethicists that competence is a necessary condition for informed consent. In this view, if a patient is incompetent to make a particular treatment decision, the decision must be based on an advance directive or made by a substitute decision-maker on behalf of the patient. We call this the competence model. According to a recent report of the United Nations (UN) High Commissioner for Human Rights, article 12 of the UN Convention on the Rights of (...)
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  6.  83
    Cultural Values and International Differences in Business Ethics.Bert Scholtens & Lammertjan Dam - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (3):273-284.
    We analyze ethical policies of firms in industrialized countries and try to find out whether culture is a factor that plays a significant role in explaining country differences. We look into the firm’s human rights policy, its governance of bribery and corruption, and the comprehensiveness, implementation and communication of its codes of ethics. We use a dataset on ethical policies of almost 2,700 firms in 24 countries. We find that there are significant differences among ethical policies of firms headquartered in (...)
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  7.  37
    The Drivers of Responsible Investment: The Case of European Pension Funds. [REVIEW]Riikka Sievänen, Hannu Rita & Bert Scholtens - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (1):137-151.
    We investigate what drives responsible investment of European pension funds. Pension funds are institutional investors who assure the income of part of the population for a long period of time. Increasingly, stakeholders hold pension funds accountable for the non-financial consequences of their investments and many funds have engaged in responsible investing. However, it appears that there is a wide difference between pension funds in this respect. We investigate what determines pension funds’ responsible investments on the basis of a survey of (...)
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  8.  47
    Denken Om Shalom: De Praktische Filosofie van Nicholas Wolterstorff, Edited by Robert van Putten, Bart Cusveller and Rob Nijhoff.Wout Bisschop - 2017 - Philosophia Reformata 82 (2):241-244.
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  9.  24
    Ownership Concentration and CSR Policy of European Multinational Enterprises.Lammertjan Dam & Bert Scholtens - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (1):117-126.
    This study investigates how ownership concentration in European multinational firms is associated with these firms’ corporate social responsibility (CSR). We employ factor analysis on responsibility data from EIRiS and use a regression analysis. Using firm-level data for almost 700 European firms, we find that shareholder concentration is significantly related to such policies. That is, more concentrated ownership goes hand in hand with poorer CSR policies. In our analysis, we control for size, leverage, profitability, industry, and country of origin. We use (...)
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  10. Corporate Social Responsibility in the International Banking Industry.Bert Scholtens - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (2):159-175.
    This article aims at providing a framework to assess corporate social responsibility with international banks. Currently, it is mainly rating institutions like EIRIS and KLD that provide information about firms’ social conduct and performance. However, this is costly information and it is not clear how the rating institutions arrive at their conclusion. We develop a framework to assess the social responsibility of internationally operating banks. We apply this framework to more than 30 institutions and find significant differences among individual banks, (...)
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  11.  6
    Eleonore Stump, Atonement.Wout Bisschop - 2021 - Philosophia Reformata 86 (1):95-102.
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  12.  64
    Finance as a Driver of Corporate Social Responsibility.Bert Scholtens - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (1):19-33.
    Finance is grease to the economy. Therefore, we assume that it may affect corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the sustainability of economic development too. This paper discusses the transmission mechanisms between finance and sustainability. We find that there is no simple one-to-one relationship between financial development and sustainable development but there are various – often indirect – linkages. It appears that most of the literature concentrates on the role of public shareholders when it comes to changing corporate policy and performance (...)
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  13.  25
    The Opportunity Cost of Negative Screening in Socially Responsible Investing.Pieter Jan Trinks & Bert Scholtens - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 140 (2):193-208.
    This paper investigates the impact of negative screening on the investment universe as well as on financial performance. We come up with a novel identification process and as such depart from mainstream socially responsible investing literature by concentrating on individual firms’ conduct and by studying a much wider range of issues. Firstly, we study the size and financial performance of fourteen potentially controversial issues: abortion, adult entertainment, alcohol, animal testing, contraceptives, controversial weapons, fur, gambling, genetic engineering, meat, nuclear power, pork, (...)
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  14.  13
    Equality in the Informed Consent Process: Competence to Consent, Substitute Decision-Making, and Discrimination of Persons with Mental Disorders.Matthé Scholten, Jakov Gather & Jochen Vollmann - 2021 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 46 (1):108-136.
    According to what we propose to call “the competence model,” competence is a necessary condition for valid informed consent. If a person is not competent to make a treatment decision, the decision must be made by a substitute decision-maker on her behalf. Recent reports of various United Nations human rights bodies claim that article 12 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities involves a wholesale rejection of this model, regardless of whether the model is based on a (...)
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  15.  25
    A Kantian Quality of Will Account of Excuses.Matthé Scholten - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-27.
    It is a common picture that Kant is committed to an uncompromising account of moral responsibility that leaves no room for excuses. I argue that this picture is mistaken. More specifically, I reconstruct a Kantian quality of will account of excuses according to which an agent is excused for performing a morally wrong (or omitting a morally obligatory) action if and only if the action (or omission) does not manifest a lack of good will on the part of the agent. (...)
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  16. Ought Implies Can, Asymmetrical Freedom, and the Practical Irrelevance of Transcendental Freedom.Matthé Scholten - 2021 - European Journal of Philosophy 29 (1):25-42.
    In this paper, I demonstrate that Kant's commitment to an asymmetry between the control conditions for praise and blame is explained by his endorsement of the principle Ought Implies Can (OIC). I argue that Kant accepts only a relatively weak version of OIC and that he is hence committed only to a relatively weak requirement of alternate possibilities for moral blame. This suggests that whether we are transcendentally free is irrelevant to questions about moral permissibility and moral blameworthiness.
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  17.  78
    Friend or Foe: The Effect of Implicit Trustworthiness Judgments in Social Decision-Making.Mascha Van’T. Wout & Alan G. Sanfey - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):796-803.
  18.  18
    Match Point.Wout Cornelissen - 2009 - Wijsgerig Perspectief 49 (3):40-41.
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  19.  2
    Adverse Consequences of Article 12 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities for Persons with Mental Disabilities and an Alternative Way Forward.Matthé Scholten & Jakov Gather - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2017-104414.
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  20.  36
    Drivers of Socially Responsible Investing: A Case Study of Four Nordic Countries. [REVIEW]Bert Scholtens & Riikka Sievänen - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (3):605-616.
    In this study, we try to establish what determines the substantial differences in the Nordic countries’ size and composition of socially responsible investing (SRI). We investigate if these differences between Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden can be associated with key characteristics in economics, finance, culture, and institutions. We find that in particular economic openness, the size of the pension industry, and cultural values of masculinity (femininity) and uncertainty avoidance can be associated with the differences in SRI in the four countries. (...)
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  21. Schizophrenia and Moral Responsibility: A Kantian Essay.Matthé Scholten - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (1):205-225.
    In this paper, I give a Kantian answer to the question whether and why it would be inappropriate to blame people suffering from mental disorders that fall within the schizophrenia spectrum. I answer this question by reconstructing Kant’s account of mental disorder, in particular his explanation of psychotic symptoms. Kant explains these symptoms in terms of various types of cognitive impairment. I show that this explanation is plausible and discuss Kant’s claim that the unifying feature of the symptoms is the (...)
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  22.  23
    ESG Integration and the Investment Management Process: Fundamental Investing Reinvented.Bert Scholtens, Auke Plantinga & Emiel Duuren - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (3):525-533.
    We investigate how conventional asset managers account for environmental, social, and governance factors in their investment process. We do so on the basis of an international survey among fund managers. We find that many conventional managers integrate responsible investing in their investment process. Furthermore, we find that ESG information in particular is being used for red flagging and to manage risk. We find that many conventional fund managers have already adopted features of responsible investing in the investment process. Furthermore, we (...)
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  23.  27
    Kant is a Soft Determinist.Matthé Scholten - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (1):79-95.
    The aim of this paper is to situate Kant in the debate on free will. Whereas Kantians often assume that Kant's views on free will cannot be brought under any of the headings of this debate, contemporary free will theorists commonly assume that Kant is an incompatibilist of the libertarian type. I argue against both assumptions: Kant can and should be characterized as a compatibilist and more specifically as a soft determinist. After removing some persistent misconceptions about Kant's position in (...)
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  24.  15
    Bruce Scholten: US Organic Dairy Politics: Animals, Pasture, People, and Agribusiness: Palgrave Macmillan, New York, New York, 2014, 291 Pp, ISBN: 978-1-137-33060-4.Nicole E. Tautges - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (3):569-570.
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  25.  9
    The Role of Language in Novel Task Learning.Felice van 'T. Wout & Christopher Jarrold - 2020 - Cognition 194:104036.
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  26.  68
    Kantian Constructivism and the Reinhold–Sidgwick Objection.Matthé Scholten - 2020 - European Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):364-379.
    In this paper, I give a reconstruction of the so‐called Reinhold–Sidgwick objection and show that Korsgaard‐style Kantian constructivists are committed to two key premises of the underlying argument. According to the Reinhold–Sidgwick objection, the Kantian conception of autonomy entails the absurd conclusion that no one is ever morally responsible for a morally wrong action. My reconstruction of the underlying argument reveals that the objection depends on a third premise, which says that freedom is a necessary condition for moral responsibility. After (...)
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  27. Which Moral Exemplars Inspire Prosociality?Hyemin han, Clifford Ian Workman, Joshua May, Payton Scholtens, Kelsie J. Dawson, Andrea L. Glenn & Peter Meindl - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology:1-28.
    Some stories of moral exemplars motivate us to emulate their admirable attitudes and behaviors, but why do some exemplars motivate us more than others? We systematically studied how motivation to emulate is influenced by the similarity between a reader and an exemplar in social or cultural background (Relatability) and how personally costly or demanding the exemplar’s actions are (Attainability). Study 1 found that university students reported more inspiration and related feelings after reading true stories about the good deeds of a (...)
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  28.  15
    Kant’s Reply to the Consequence Argument.Matthé Scholten - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 29 (2):135-158.
    In this paper, I show that Kant’s solution to the third antinomy is a reply sui generis to the consequence argument. If sound, the consequence argument yields that we are not morally responsible for our actions because our actions are not up to us. After expounding the modal version of the consequence argument advanced by Peter van Inwagen, I show that Kant accepts a key inference rule of the argument as well as a requirement of alternate possibilities for moral blame. (...)
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  29.  7
    The Psychology of Intertemporal Tradeoffs.Marc Scholten & Daniel Read - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (3):925-944.
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  30. Advance Research Directives in Germany: A Proposal for a Disclosure Standard.Matthé Scholten - 2018 - GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry 31 (2):77-86.
    The fourth amendment to the German Medicinal Products Act (Arzneimittelgesetz) states that nontherapeutic research in incompetent populations is permissible under the condition that potential research participants expressly declare their wish to participate in scientific research in an advance research directive. This article explores the implementation of advance research directives in Germany against the background of the international legal and ethical framework for biomedical research. In particular, it addresses a practical problem that arises from the disclosure requirement for advance research directives. (...)
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  31.  32
    The Role of Selective Attention in the Gratton Effect.Bombeke Klaas, Duthoo Wout, Schevernels Hanne, Notebaert Wim & Boehler Nico - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  32.  54
    Improve Alignment of Research Policy and Societal Values.Peter Novitzky, Michael J. Bernstein, Vincent Blok, Robert Braun, Tung Tung Chan, Wout Lamers, Anne Loeber, Ingeborg Meijer, Ralf Lindner & Erich Griessler - 2020 - Science 369 (6499):39-41.
    Historically, scientific and engineering expertise has been key in shaping research and innovation policies, with benefits presumed to accrue to society more broadly over time. But there is persistent and growing concern about whether and how ethical and societal values are integrated into R&I policies and governance, as we confront public disbelief in science and political suspicion toward evidence-based policy-making. Erosion of such a social contract with science limits the ability of democratic societies to deal with challenges presented by new, (...)
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  33.  21
    Weighing Outcomes by Time or Against Time? Evaluation Rules in Intertemporal Choice.Marc Scholten, Daniel Read & Adam Sanborn - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (3):399-438.
    Models of intertemporal choice draw on three evaluation rules, which we compare in the restricted domain of choices between smaller sooner and larger later monetary outcomes. The hyperbolic discounting model proposes an alternative-based rule, in which options are evaluated separately. The interval discounting model proposes a hybrid rule, in which the outcomes are evaluated separately, but the delays to those outcomes are evaluated in comparison with one another. The tradeoff model proposes an attribute-based rule, in which both outcomes and delays (...)
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  34.  12
    Moral Worth and Moral Responsibility.Matthé Scholten - 2018 - In Violetta L. Waibel, Margit Ruffing & David Wagner (eds.), Natur Und Freiheit. Akten des Xii. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. De Gruyter. pp. 2165-2172.
  35.  3
    Oepke Noordmans En Paul Scholten.W. Balke - 1992 - Hts Theological Studies 48 (3/4).
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  36. Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology IV. Stress and Stress Tolerance, an Excercise in Definitions.Wim J. Steen & Martin Scholten - 1985 - Acta Biotheoretica 34 (1).
    Grime (1979) in a recently developed theory distinguished three basic plant strategies: stress tolerance,ruderality and competition. He relates them to environments characterized in terms of stress and disturbance. Classifications of strategies and environments both are ultimately defined in terms of production. This tends to make the theory tautological. If the theory is to make sense, environments had better be defined in independent terms.
     
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  37.  14
    Correction To: The Opportunity Cost of Negative Screening in Socially Responsible Investing.Pieter Jan Trinks & Bert Scholtens - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 147 (1):239-240.
    Table 3 of Trinks, P. J., Scholtens, B., 2017. The Opportunity Cost of Negative Screening in Socially Responsible Investing. Journal of Business Ethics, 140, 193–208, reports the four-factor return performance of long–short sin stock portfolios and sin stock-free portfolios.
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  38. Ştiinţa Comunicării, Bucureşti.Jj Van Cuilemburg, O. Scholten & C. W. Noomen - forthcoming - Humanitas.
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  39.  11
    Cumulative Weighing of Time in Intertemporal Tradeoffs.Marc Scholten, Daniel Read & Adam Sanborn - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (9):1177-1205.
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  40.  19
    Improving Self-Control: The Influence of Role Models on Intertemporal Choices.Gayannée Kedia, Hilmar Brohmer, Marc Scholten & Katja Corcoran - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  41.  32
    Lemons and Timber. The Case of Tropical Timber Investment Funds in the Netherlands.Bert Scholtens & Laura Spierdijk - 2007 - Philosophica 80:105-119.
    In this paper, we analyze the behavior of Dutch tropical timber investment funds in relation to financial regulation. These funds are a niche market within the market for socially responsible investments. During the past few years, several Dutch timber funds went bankrupt, whereas others were surrounded by scandals. Partly as a reaction to this, tighter regulation was developed and implemented. In response to the regulatory changes timber funds adjusted their operations and business strategy. The lack of supervision of timber funds, (...)
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  42.  6
    The Politics of PlunderThe League of the AitoliansAitolian Prosopographical Studies. [REVIEW]Thomas Corsten, J. B. Scholten & J. D. Grainger - 2002 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 122:184-186.
  43.  11
    Blaming friends.Matthé Scholten - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 179 (5):1545-1562.
    The aim of this paper is to shed light on the complex relations between friendship and blame. In the first part, I show that to be friends is to have certain evaluative, emotional and behavioral dispositions toward each other, and distinguish between two kinds of norms of friendship, namely friendship-based obligations and friendship-constituting rules. Friendship-based obligations tag actions of friends as obligatory, permissible or wrong, whereas friendship-constituting rules specify conditions that, if met, make it so that two persons stand in (...)
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  44. Responsible Innovation in Industry and the Importance of Customer Orientation: Introduction to the Special Issue.Vincent Blok, V. Scholten & T. B. Long - 2018 - International Food and Agribusiness Management Review 4 (21).
     
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  45.  17
    Attitude, Knowledge and Behaviour Towards Evidence‐Based Medicine of Physical Therapists, Students, Teachers and Supervisors in the Netherlands: A Survey.Gwendolijne G. M. Scholten-Peeters, Monique S. Beekman-Evers, Annemiek C. J. W. van Boxel, Sjanna van Hemert, Winifred D. Paulis, Johannes C. van der Wouden & Arianne P. Verhagen - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):598-606.
  46.  9
    De Dialectiek Bij Paul Scholten: Haar Aard, Oorsprong En Bronnen.Wim Borst - 2018 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 47 (13).
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  47.  1
    An Autonomy-Based Approach to Justifying Physician-Assisted Death: A Recent Judgment of the German Federal Constitutional Court.Jochen Vollmann, Matthé Scholten, Jakov Gather & Esther Braun - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (2):71-73.
    Florijn’s analysis of the Dutch Supreme Court ruling on the Albert Heringa case demonstrates that the Dutch approach to justifying physician-assisted death is based primarily on the physician...
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  48.  23
    Feelings and Desires Are Not the Same as Treatment Preferences: Why the Health Care Decision-Making Framework Applied to Adolescents Should Not Be Applied to Persons in the Minimally Conscious State.Matthé Scholten & Jochen Vollmann - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (1):69-71.
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  49.  1
    De Dialectiek Bij Paul Scholten: Haar Aard, Oorsprong En Bronnen.Wim Borst - 2019 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 48 (1):48-65.
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  50.  2
    Die Sophistik: Eine Bedrohung Für Die Religion Und Politik der Polis?Helga Scholten - 2003 - Akademie Verlag.
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