28 found
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  1.  53
    The Smart System 1: evidence for the intuitive nature of correct responding on the bat-and-ball problem.Bence Bago & Wim De Neys - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (3):257-299.
    Influential work on reasoning and decision-making has popularised the idea that sound reasoning requires correction of fast, intuitive thought processes by slower and more demanding deliberation. We present seven studies that question this corrective view of human thinking. We focused on the very problem that has been widely featured as the paradigmatic illustration of the corrective view, the well-known bat-and-ball problem. A two-response paradigm in which people were required to give an initial response under time pressure and cognitive load allowed (...)
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  2.  67
    Conflict monitoring in dual process theories of thinking.Wim De Neys & Tamara Glumicic - 2008 - Cognition 106 (3):1248-1299.
  3.  14
    The smart intuitor: Cognitive capacity predicts intuitive rather than deliberate thinking.Matthieu Raoelison, Valerie A. Thompson & Wim De Neys - 2020 - Cognition 204 (C):104381.
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  4.  45
    Conflict detection, dual processes, and logical intuitions: Some clarifications.Wim De Neys - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):169-187.
  5.  42
    Advancing the specification of dual process models of higher cognition: a critical test of the hybrid model view.Bence Bago & Wim De Neys - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (1):1-30.
    Dual process models of higher cognition have become very influential in the cognitive sciences. The popular Default-Interventionist model has long favoured a serial view on the interaction between...
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  6.  13
    From bias to sound intuiting: Boosting correct intuitive reasoning.Esther Boissin, Serge Caparos, Matthieu Raoelison & Wim De Neys - 2021 - Cognition 211 (C):104645.
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  7.  18
    From slow to fast logic: the development of logical intuitions.Matthieu Raoelison, Esther Boissin, Grégoire Borst & Wim De Neys - 2021 - Thinking and Reasoning 27 (4):599-622.
    Recent reasoning accounts suggest that people can process elementary logical principles intuitively. These controversial “logical intuitions” are believed to result from a learning process in which developing reasoners automatize their application. To verify this automatization hypothesis, we contrasted the reasoning performance of younger (7th grade) and older (12th grade) reasoners with a two-response paradigm. Participants initially responded with the first intuitive response that came to mind and subsequently were allowed to deliberate on classic “bias” problems (base-rate problems and syllogisms). Results (...)
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  8.  17
    Predicting individual differences in conflict detection and bias susceptibility during reasoning.Jakub Šrol & Wim De Neys - 2020 - Thinking and Reasoning 27 (1):38-68.
    A key component of the susceptibility to cognitive biases is the ability to monitor for conflict between intuitively cued “heuristic” answers and logical principles. While there is evidence that pe...
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  9.  98
    The 'whys' and 'whens' of individual differences in thinking biases.Wim De Neys & Jean-François Bonnefon - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (4):172-178.
  10.  16
    Advancing theorizing about fast-and-slow thinking.Wim De Neys - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e111.
    Human reasoning is often conceived as an interplay between a more intuitive and deliberate thought process. In the last 50 years, influential fast-and-slow dual-process models that capitalize on this distinction have been used to account for numerous phenomena – from logical reasoning biases, over prosocial behavior, to moral decision making. The present paper clarifies that despite the popularity, critical assumptions are poorly conceived. My critique focuses on two interconnected foundational issues: the exclusivity and switch feature. The exclusivity feature refers to (...)
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  11.  31
    Belief inhibition during thinking: Not always winning but at least taking part.Wim De Neys & Samuel Franssens - 2009 - Cognition 113 (1):45-61.
  12.  51
    The effortless nature of conflict detection during thinking.Wim de Neys & Samuel Franssens - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (2):105-128.
    Dual process theories conceive human thinking as an interplay between heuristic processes that operate automatically and analytic processes that demand cognitive effort. The interaction between these two types of processes is poorly understood. De Neys and Glumicic (2008) recently found that most of the time heuristic processes are successfully monitored. This monitoring, however, would not demand as many cognitive resources as the analytic thinking that is needed to solve reasoning problems. In the present study we tested the crucial assumption about (...)
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  13.  22
    Morality, Normativity, and the Good System 2 Fallacy.Wim De Neys - 2020 - Diametros 17 (64):90-95.
    In this commentary, I warn against a possible dual process misconception that might lead people to conclude that utilitarian judgments are normatively correct. I clarify how the misconception builds on (1) the association between System 2 and normativity in the dual process literature on logical/probabilistic reasoning, and (2) the classification of utilitarian judgments as resulting from System 2 processing in the dual process model of moral reasoning. I present theoretical and empirical evidence against both premises.
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  14.  53
    Evolutionary modules and Bayesian facilitation: The role of general cognitive resources.Elise Lesage, Gorka Navarrete & Wim De Neys - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (1):27 - 53.
    (2013). Evolutionary modules and Bayesian facilitation: The role of general cognitive resources. Thinking & Reasoning: Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 27-53. doi: 10.1080/13546783.2012.713177.
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  15.  32
    Rational rationalization and System 2.Wim De Neys - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    In this commentary, I highlight the relevance of Cushman's target article for the popular dual-process framework of thinking. I point to the problematic characterization of rationalization in traditional dual-process models and suggest that in line with recent advances, Cushman's rational rationalization account offers a way out of the rationalization paradox.
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  16.  23
    The modular nature of trustworthiness detection.Jean-François Bonnefon, Astrid Hopfensitz & Wim De Neys - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):143.
  17.  79
    Working memory and everyday conditional reasoning: Retrieval and inhibition of stored counterexamples.Wim De Neys, Walter Schaeken & Géry D'Ydewalle - 1995 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (4):349-381.
    Two experiments examined the contribution of working memory (WM) to the retrieval and inhibition of background knowledge about counterexamples (alternatives and disablers, Cummins, ) during conditional reasoning. Experiment 1 presented a conditional reasoning task with everyday, causal conditionals to a group of people with high and low WM spans. High spans rejected the logically invalid AC and DA inferences to a greater extent than low spans, whereas low spans accepted the logically valid MP and MT inferences less frequently than high (...)
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  18.  43
    The grim reasoner: Analytical reasoning under mortality salience.Bastien Trémolière, Wim De Neys & Jean-François Bonnefon - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (3):333-351.
  19. Counterexample retrieval and inhibition during conditional reasoning: Direct evidence from memory probing.Wim De Neys - 2010 - In Mike Oaksford & Nick Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking. Oxford University Press.
     
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  20.  25
    Beyond response output: More logical than we think.Wim De Neys - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):87-88.
    Oaksford & Chater (O&C) rely on a data fitting approach to show that a Bayesian model captures the core reasoning data better than its logicist rivals. The problem is that O&C's modeling has focused exclusively on response output data. I argue that this exclusive focus is biasing their conclusions. Recent studies that focused on the processes that resulted in the response selection are more positive for the role of logic.
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  21.  49
    Working memory and counterexample retrieval for causal conditionals.Wim De Neys, Walter Schaeken & Géry D'Ydewalle - 2005 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (2):123-150.
  22.  10
    Debiasing thinking among non-WEIRD reasoners.Esther Boissin, Mathilde Josserand, Wim De Neys & Serge Caparos - 2024 - Cognition 243 (C):105681.
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  23.  10
    Examining the role of deliberation in de-bias training.Esther Boissin, Serge Caparos & Wim De Neys - 2024 - Thinking and Reasoning 30 (2):327-355.
    Does avoiding biased responding to reasoning problems and grasping the ­correct solution require engaging in effortful deliberation or can such solution insight be acquired more intuitively? In this study we set out to test the impact of deliberation on the efficiency of a de-bias training in which the problem logic was explained to participants. We focused on the infamous bat-and-ball problem and varied the degree of possible deliberation during the training session by manipulating time constraints and cognitive load. The results (...)
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  24.  7
    Further advancing fast-and-slow theorizing.Wim De Neys - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e146.
    The 34 commentaries on the target article span a broad range of interesting issues. I have organized my reply around five major themes that seemed to emerge: Remarks about the generalizability of the empirical findings, links with other models, necessary extensions, the utility of dual-process models, and more specific points. This allows me to clarify possible misconceptions and identify avenues for further advancement.
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  25.  31
    Nested sets and base-rate neglect: Two types of reasoning?Wim De Neys - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):260-261.
    Barbey & Sloman (B&S) claim that frequency formats and other task manipulations induce people to substitute associative thinking for rule-based thinking about nested sets. My critique focuses on the substitution assumption. B&S demonstrate that nested sets are important to solve base-rate problems but they do not show that thinking about these nested sets relies on a different type of reasoning.
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  26.  26
    The freak in all of us: Logical truth seeking without argumentation.Wim De Neys - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (2):75-76.
    Mercier and Sperber (M&S) sketch a bleak picture of logical reasoning in classic, nonargumentative tasks. I argue that recent processing data indicate that despite people's poor performance they at least seek to adhere to traditional logical norms in these tasks. This implies that classic reasoning tasks are less artificialthan M&S's framework suggests.
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  27.  15
    Conflict detection predicts the temporal stability of intuitive and deliberate reasoning.Aikaterini Voudouri, Michał Białek, Artur Domurat, Marta Kowal & Wim De Neys - 2023 - Thinking and Reasoning 29 (4):427-455.
    Although reasoning has been characterized as the essence of our being, it is often prone to cognitive biases. Decades of research in the reasoning and decision making fields have shown that when fa...
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  28. Fast & slow decisions under risk: Intuition rather than deliberation drives advantageous choices.Aikaterini Voudouri, Michał Białek & Wim De Neys - 2024 - Cognition 250 (C):105837.
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