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William T. Lynch [27]William Thomas Lynch [1]
  1.  3
    Minority Report: Dissent and Diversity in Science.William T. Lynch - 2020 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This book analyzes the support that should be given to minority views, reconsidering classic debates in Science and Technology Studies and examining numerous case studies.
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  2.  3
    Engineering Practice and Engineering Ethics.Ronald Kline & William T. Lynch - 2000 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 25 (2):195-225.
    Diane Vaughan’s analysis of the causes of the Challenger accident suggests ways to apply science and technology studies to the teaching of engineering ethics. By sensitizing future engineers to the ongoing construction of risk during mundane engineering practice, we can better prepare them to address issues of public health, safety, and welfare before they require heroic intervention. Understanding the importance of precedents, incremental change, and fallible engineering judgment in engineering design may help them anticipate potential threats to public safety arising (...)
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  3.  11
    Imre Lakatos and the Inexhaustible Atom.William T. Lynch - 2018 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 55 (3):25-34.
    Recent work on Imre Lakatos’s missing Hungarian dissertation on the historical sociology of science sheds new light on his mature philosophy of science. Remembered primarily as an “internalist” defender of the autonomy of science, and a Cold Warrior in poli­tics, commentators have mistaken his contribution as primarily a rearguard action against the followers of Thomas Kuhn and the “externalists” influenced by Boris Hessen. It comes as a surprise, then, to find that he developed and retained a fully general soci­ology of (...)
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  4.  2
    Does Post-Truth Expand or Restrict Political Choice? Politics, Planning, and Expertise in a Post-Truth Environment.William T. Lynch - 2022 - Analyse & Kritik 44 (1):137-159.
    Steve Fuller has replied to my critique of his endorsement of a post-truth epistemology. I trace the divergence in our approach to social epistemology by examining our distinct responses to the principle of symmetry in the sociology of scientific knowledge. Fuller has extended the concept of symmetry and challenged the field to embrace a post-truth condition that flattens the difference between experts and the public. By contrast, I have criticized the concept of symmetry for policing the field to rule ideology (...)
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  5. Social Epistemology Transformed: Steve Fuller’s Account of Knowledge as a Divine Spark for Human Domination.William T. Lynch - 2016 - Symposion: Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 3 (2): 191-205.
    In his new book, Knowledge: The Philosophical Quest in History, Steve Fuller returns to core themes of his program of social epistemology that he first outlined in his 1988 book, Social Epistemology. He develops a new, unorthodox theology and philosophy building upon his testimony in Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District in defense of intelligent design, leading to a call for maximal human experimentation. Beginning from the theological premise rooted in the Abrahamic religious tradition that we are created in the (...)
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  6.  27
    Cultural Evolution and Social Epistemology: A Darwinian Alternative to Steve Fuller’s Theodicy of Science.William T. Lynch - 2017 - Social Epistemology 31 (2):224-234.
    Key to Steve Fuller’s recent defense of intelligent design is the claim that it alone can explain why science is even possible. By contrast, Fuller argues that Darwinian evolutionary theory posits a purposeless universe leaving humans with no motivation to study science and no basis for modifying an underlying reality. I argue that this view represents a retreat from insights about knowledge within Fuller’s own program of social epistemology. I argue for a Darwinian picture of science as a product of (...)
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  7.  19
    Between Kin Selection and Cultural Relativism: Cultural Evolution and the Origin of Inequality.William T. Lynch - 2019 - Perspectives on Science 27 (2):278-315.
    One way to interpret the significance of the "Kuhnian revolution" in the history and philosophy of science is as implying that successful scientific theories are complex cultural adaptations. Like the complex cultural practices studied by anthropologists in traditional societies, scientific paradigms are the result of cultural evolution and come as a package that functions well for guiding the practice of a scientific community, but that cannot be taken apart into discrete truth claims that are tested directly against nature. A complex (...)
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  8.  4
    Recovering and Expanding the Normative: Marx and the New Sociology of Scientific Knowledge.Ellsworth R. Fuhrman & William T. Lynch - 1991 - Science, Technology and Human Values 16 (2):233-248.
    It was customary in traditional approaches to the sociology of knowledge to bracket either questions about the possibility of the social determination of natural scientific ideas or questions about the ability of the sociology of knowledge to evaluate other types of knowledge claims. The current strong program in the sociology of knowledge, a typical representative of the new approach to the sociology of science, wants to study the production of natural scientific knowledge scientifically and simultaneously bracket normative considerations. We criticize (...)
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  9.  7
    Dissent and Diversity in Science and Technology Studies: Reply to Fuller, Kasavin and Shipovalova, and Turner.William T. Lynch - forthcoming - Philosophy of the Social Sciences.
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Ahead of Print.
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  10.  29
    Second-Guessing Scientists and Engineers: Post Hoc Criticism and the Reform of Practice in Green Chemistry and Engineering.William T. Lynch - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (5):1217-1240.
    The article examines and extends work bringing together engineering ethics and Science and Technology Studies, which had built upon Diane Vaughan’s analysis of the Challenger shuttle accident as a test case. Reconsidering the use of her term “normalization of deviance,” the article argues for a middle path between moralizing against and excusing away engineering practices contributing to engineering disaster. To explore an illustrative pedagogical case and to suggest avenues for constructive research developing this middle path, it examines the emergence of (...)
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  11.  56
    The Ghost of Wittgenstein: Forms of Life, Scientific Method, and Cultural Critique.William T. Lynch - 2005 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (2):139-174.
    In developing an "internal" sociology of science, the sociology of scientific knowledge drew on Wittgenstein’s later philosophy to reinterpret traditional epistemological topics in sociological terms. By construing scientific reasoning as rule following within a collective, sociologists David Bloor and Harry Collins effectively blocked outside criticism of a scientific field, whether scientific, philosophical, or political. Ethnomethodologist Michael Lynch developed an alternative, Wittgensteinian reading that similarly blocked philosophical or political critique, while also disallowing analytical appeals to historical or institutional contexts. I criticize (...)
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  12.  7
    Behind the Screens: Post-Truth, Populism, and the Circulation of Elites.William T. Lynch - 2021 - Analyse & Kritik 43 (2):367-393.
    The alleged emergence of a ‘post-truth’ regime links the rise of new forms of social media and the reemergence of political populism. Post-truth has theoretical roots in the interdisciplinary field of Science and Technology Studies, with sociologists of science arguing that both true and false claims should be explained by the same kinds of social causes. Most STS theorists have sought to deflect blame for post-truth, while at the same time enacting a normative turn, looking to deconstruct truth claims and (...)
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  13.  13
    Beyond Cold War Paradigms for Science and Democracy.William T. Lynch - 2003 - Minerva 41 (4):365-379.
  14. Ethnomethodology as Technocratic Ideology: Policing Epistemic Boundaries.Ellsworth Fuhrman & William T. Lynch - 1992 - Science, Technology and Human Values 17 (2):234-236.
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  15.  16
    After the Gold Rush: Cleaning Up After Steve Fuller’s Theosis.William T. Lynch - 2018 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 48 (5):505-523.
    Remedios and Dusek have provided a useful contextualization of Steve Fuller’s recent work in social epistemology. While they have provided some good criticisms of some of Fuller’s new ideas, they fail to provide a systematic critique of Fuller’s retreat from a naturalistic and materialist social epistemology for one embracing transhumanism, intelligent design, and the proactionary imperative. An alternative approach is developed, drawing on Fuller’s early work and incorporating recent work on our biological and cultural evolution as a species.
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  16.  13
    The Challenge to Consensus.William T. Lynch - 2018 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 55 (3):57-61.
    Responding to comments on “Imre Lakatos and the Inexhaustible Atom: The Hidden Marxist Roots of History and Philosophy of Science,” an argument is made for reviving a missed opportunity for integrating sociological and normative approaches to science. Lakatos’ mature philosophy of science, though jettisoning a political commitment to Marxism, retains a dialectical approach developed during his Hungarian career. Through his carefully crafted debate with Feyerabend, Lakatos continued to promote a dialectical approach that offers a useful model for integrating the history (...)
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  17.  5
    The Victorian Invention of Dog Breeds: Michael Worboys, Julie-Marie Strange, and Neil Pemberton: The Invention of the Modern Dog: Breed and Blood in Victorian Britain. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2018, Xviii+282 Pp, $39.95 HB.William T. Lynch - 2020 - Metascience 29 (3):509-510.
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  18.  14
    Galileo on the World Systems: A New Abridged Translation and Guide. Galileo Galilei, Maurice A. Finocchiaro.William T. Lynch - 1999 - Isis 90 (3):595-596.
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  19.  14
    Harry Collins and Robert Evans. Rethinking Expertise. 160 Pp., Illus., Figs., Tables, Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2007. $29.99. [REVIEW]William T. Lynch - 2009 - Isis 100 (1):205-206.
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  20.  17
    Politics in Hobbes' Mechanics: The Social as Enabling.William T. Lynch - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (1991):295-320.
  21.  11
    Barbara J. Shapiro, A Culture of Fact: England, 1550–1720. [REVIEW]William T. Lynch - 2003 - Metascience 12 (1):121-124.
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  22.  1
    Dissent and Diversity in Science and Technology Studies: Reply to Fuller, Kasavin and Shipovalova, and Turner.William T. Lynch - forthcoming - Sage Publications Inc: Philosophy of the Social Sciences.
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Ahead of Print.
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  23.  6
    History and Modernity in the Thought of Thomas HobbesRobert P. Kraynak.William T. Lynch - 1992 - Isis 83 (1):130-131.
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  24.  6
    Marie Boas Hall. Henry Oldenburg: Shaping the Royal Society. Xii + 369 Pp., Notes, Bibl., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. $100. [REVIEW]William T. Lynch - 2004 - Isis 95 (2):289-290.
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  25.  5
    Cavendish. Christa Jungnickel, Russell McCormmach.William T. Lynch - 1998 - Isis 89 (3):548-549.
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  26.  1
    Book Review: Visions of STS: Counterpoints in Science, Technology, and Society Studies, Edited by Stephen H. Cutcliffe and Carl Mitcham. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001. Vi + 167 Pp. [REVIEW]William T. Lynch - 2003 - Science, Technology and Human Values 28 (2):326-331.
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  27.  3
    Alexander Bird. Thomas Kuhn. Xii + 308 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2000. $39.50 ; $16.95. [REVIEW]William T. Lynch - 2002 - Isis 93 (4):665-666.
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