25 found
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  1. Alchemy Tried in the Fire. Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry.William R. Newman & Lawrence M. Principe - 2004 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 66 (3):577-578.
  2.  41
    The alchemical sources of Robert Boyle's corpuscular philosophy.William R. Newman - 1996 - Annals of Science 53 (6):567-585.
    Summary Robert Boyle is remembered largely for his integration of experiment and the ?mechanical philosophy?. Although Boyle is occasionally elusive as to what he means precisely by the ?mechanical philosophy?, it is clear that a major portion of it concerned his corpuscular theory of matter. Historians of science have traditionally viewed Boyle's corpuscular philosophy as the grafting of a physical theory onto a previously incoherent body of alchemy and iatrochemistry. As this essay shows, however, Boyle owed a heavy debt to (...)
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  3. Late Medieval and Early Modern Corpuscular Matter Theones.Christoph Lüthy, John E. Murdoch & William R. Newman - 2002 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 64 (3):565-566.
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  4. Secrets of Nature. Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe.William R. Newman & Anthony Grafton - 2003 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 65 (1):144-145.
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  5.  14
    A Chymist Among Beasts: Reading Paracelsus Literally_(with a translation of _De lunaticis, chapter two).William R. Newman - forthcoming - Annals of Science.
    Paracelsus is an extraordinarily difficult author to interpret, in part because of the seemingly elusive boundary between literal and metaphorical levels of meaning in his work. The present paper argues for a literal reading of Paracelsus, based on comments that he makes in his late Philosophia de divinis operibus & factis & de secretis naturae. The article also includes a translated chapter from one of the treatises in that work, De lunaticis.
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  6.  71
    Alchemical atoms or artisanal "building blocks"?: A response to Klein.William R. Newman - 2009 - Perspectives on Science 17 (2):pp. 212-231.
    In a recent essay review of William R. Newman, Atoms and Alchemy (2006), Ursula Klein defends her position that philosophically informed corpuscularian theories of matter contributed little to the growing knowledge of "reversible reactions" and robust chemical species in the early modern period. Newman responds here by providing further evidence that an experimental, scholastic tradition of alchemy extending well into the Middle Ages had already argued extensively for the persistence of ingredients during processes of "mixture" (e.g. chemical reactions), and that (...)
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  7.  63
    Brian Vickers on alchemy and the occult: A response.William R. Newman - 2009 - Perspectives on Science 17 (4):pp. 482-506.
  8.  24
    'Matter' and 'Form': By Way of a Preface.Christoph Lüthy & William R. Newman - 1997 - Early Science and Medicine 2 (3):215-226.
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  9.  44
    Corpuscular alchemy and the tradition of Aristotle's meteorology, with special reference to Daniel sennert.William R. Newman - 2001 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (2):145 – 153.
    (2001). Corpuscular alchemy and the tradition of Aristotle's Meteorology, with special reference to Daniel Sennert. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 145-153. doi: 10.1080/02698590120059013.
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  10.  47
    How not to integrate the history and philosophy of science: a reply to Chalmers.William R. Newman - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (2):203-213.
    Alan Chalmers uses Robert Boyle’s mechanical philosophy as an example of the irrelevance of ‘philosophy’ to ‘science’ and criticizes my 2006 book Atoms and alchemy for overemphasizing Boyle’s successes. The present paper responds as follows: first, it argues that Chalmers employs an overly simplistic methodology insensitive to the distinction between historical and philosophical claims; second, it shows that the central theses of Atoms and alchemy are untouched by Chalmers’s criticisms; and third, it uses Boyle’s analysis of subordinate causes and his (...)
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  11.  3
    Introduction.Didier Kahn & William R. Newman - forthcoming - Annals of Science.
    Theophrastus Bombast von Hohenheim (1493–1541), colloquially known as Paracelsus, emerges as a pivotal figure in the transition from medieval to early modern scientific paradigms. Within the realm...
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  12.  21
    'matter' And 'form': By Way Of A Preface.Christoph Lüthy & William R. Newman - 1997 - Early Science and Medicine 2 (3):215-226.
  13.  10
    Alchemy in Europe: A Guide to Research. Claudia Kren.William R. Newman - 1992 - Isis 83 (3):534-536.
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  14.  13
    " Decknamen or pseudochemical language"? Eirenaeus Philalethes and Carl Jung.William R. Newman - 1995 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 49 (2-3):159-188.
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  15.  11
    Lessico del Paragranum di Theophrast von Hohenheim detto Paracelsus. Volume I: Indici. Massimo Luigi Bianchi.William R. Newman - 1991 - Isis 82 (3):560-561.
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  16.  10
    Parerga Paracelsica: Paracelsus in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart. Joachim Telle.William R. Newman - 1995 - Isis 86 (4):641-642.
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  17.  25
    Picatrix: The Latin Version of the Ghāyat Al-ḤakīmPicatrix: The Latin Version of the Ghayat Al-Hakim.William R. Newman & David Pingree - 1993 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 113 (1):158.
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  18.  6
    The Book of the Secrets of Alchemy. Constantine of Pisa, Barbara Obrist.William R. Newman - 1992 - Isis 83 (4):646-647.
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  19.  71
    The corpuscular theory of J. B. Van helmont and its medieval sources.William R. Newman - 1993 - Vivarium 31 (1):161-191.
  20. The reduction to the pristine state in Robert Boyle's corpuscular philosophy.William R. Newman - 2010 - In Michael Friedman, Mary Domski & Michael Dickson (eds.), Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science. Open Court. pp. 43-63.
  21.  26
    Turning Up The Mould, In Search Of The Gold.William R. Newman, Pamela H. Smith & Bruce T. Moran - 2006 - Metascience 15 (3):471-489.
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  22.  3
    Elusive Phenomena, Unwieldy Things Historical Perspectives on Experimental Control.Jutta Schickore & William R. Newman (eds.) - 2024 - Springer.
    This open access book provides a historical treatment of scientific control in experimentation in the longue durée. The introduction distinguishes four related strands in the history of experimental control: the development of practices to stabilize experimental conditions; the career of the comparative design; the unfolding of methodological discussions about control practices and designs; and the history of the term “control”. Each chapter brings these distinctions to bear on specific historical episodes. The focus is on experiments with complex, elusive phenomena such (...)
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  23.  26
    Antoine Calvet, Les oeuvres alchimiques attribuées à Arnaud de Villeneuve: Grand oeuvre, médecine et prophétie au Moyen-Âge. Paris: S.E.H.A. and Milan: Archè, 2011. Paper. Pp. vii, 728. €57. ISBN: 978-88-72-52318-6. [REVIEW]William R. Newman - 2015 - Speculum 90 (2):520-521.
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  24.  12
    HYLE Book Review. [REVIEW]William R. Newman & Joachim Schummer - unknown
    Referring to the Whig Party, the former political opponents of the Tories in Great Britain, British historian Herbert Butterfield once coined the term ‘Whiggish’ historiography for any account that looks at the past from the perspective of the present, as if the goal of the past were the achievement of the present. Thus, a ‘Whiggish’ history of science carefully ignores everything of the past that does not suit the idea of a steady growth of science towards the current state. Strangely (...)
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  25.  19
    Johannes' de Rupescissa "Liber de consideratione quintae essentiae omnium rerum" deutsch: Studien zur Al-chemia medica des 15. bis 17. Jahrhunderts mit kritischer Edition des Textes. Udo Benzenhöfer. [REVIEW]William R. Newman - 1991 - Isis 82 (4):726-727.
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