Results for 'William M. Gardner'

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  1.  53
    A scale for measuring attitude toward cheating.William M. Gardner & Kenneth B. Melvin - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (5):429-432.
  2.  57
    The silent majority: Who speaks at IRB meetings.Philip J. Candilis, Charles W. Lidz, Paul S. Appelbaum, Robert M. Arnold, William P. Gardner, Suzanne Myers, Albert J. Grudzinskas Jr & Lorna J. Simon - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (4):15-20.
    Institutional review boards are almost universally considered to be overworked and understaffed. They also require substantial commitments of time and resources from their members. Although some surveys report average IRB memberships of 15 people or more, federal regulations require only five. We present data on IRB meetings at eight of the top 25 academic medical centers in the United States funded by the National Institutes of Health. These data indicate substantial contributions from primary reviewers and chairs during protocol discussions but (...)
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  3.  51
    Professional Organizations and Healthcare Industry Support: Ethical Conflict?Thomas K. Hazlet, Sean D. Sullivan, Klaus M. Leisinger, Laura Gardner, William E. Fassett & Jon R. May - 1994 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (2):236.
    A good deal of attention has been recently focused on the presumed advertising excesses of the healthcare industry in its promotion techniques to healthcare professionals, whether through offering gratuities such as gifts, honoraria, or travel support2-6 or through deception. Two basic concerns have been expressed: Does the acceptance of gratuities bias the recipient, tainting his or her responsibilities as the patient's agent? Does acceptance of the gratuity by the healthcare professional contribute to the high cost of healthcare products? The California (...)
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  4.  29
    Patient computer use to prompt doctor adherence to diabetes management guidelines.Nairmeen A. Haller, Karen M. Gil, William G. Gardner & Frederick C. Whittier - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):1118-1124.
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  5.  48
    Physical Manipulation of the Brain.Henry K. Beecher, Edgar A. Bering, Donald T. Chalkley, José M. R. Delgado, Vernon H. Mark, Karl H. Pribram, Gardner C. Quarton, Theodore B. Rasmussen, William Beecher Scoville, William H. Sweet, Daniel Callahan, K. Danner Clouser, Harold Edgar, Rudolph Ehrensing, James R. Gavin, Willard Gaylin, Bruce Hilton, Perry London, Robert Michels, Robert Neville, Ann Orlov, Herbert G. Vaughan, Paul Weiss & Jose M. R. Delgado - 1973 - Hastings Center Report 3 (Special Supplement):1.
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  6. Common genetic variants in the CLDN2 and PRSS1-PRSS2 loci alter risk for alcohol-related and sporadic pancreatitis.David C. Whitcomb, Jessica LaRusch, Alyssa M. Krasinskas, Lambertus Klei, Jill P. Smith, Randall E. Brand, John P. Neoptolemos, Markus M. Lerch, Matt Tector, Bimaljit S. Sandhu, Nalini M. Guda, Lidiya Orlichenko, Samer Alkaade, Stephen T. Amann, Michelle A. Anderson, John Baillie, Peter A. Banks, Darwin Conwell, Gregory A. Coté, Peter B. Cotton, James DiSario, Lindsay A. Farrer, Chris E. Forsmark, Marianne Johnstone, Timothy B. Gardner, Andres Gelrud, William Greenhalf, Jonathan L. Haines, Douglas J. Hartman, Robert A. Hawes, Christopher Lawrence, Michele Lewis, Julia Mayerle, Richard Mayeux, Nadine M. Melhem, Mary E. Money, Thiruvengadam Muniraj, Georgios I. Papachristou, Margaret A. Pericak-Vance, Joseph Romagnuolo, Gerard D. Schellenberg, Stuart Sherman, Peter Simon, Vijay P. Singh, Adam Slivka, Donna Stolz, Robert Sutton, Frank Ulrich Weiss, C. Mel Wilcox, Narcis Octavian Zarnescu, Stephen R. Wisniewski, Michael R. O'Connell, Michelle L. Kienholz, Kathryn Roeder & M. Micha Barmada - unknown
    Pancreatitis is a complex, progressively destructive inflammatory disorder. Alcohol was long thought to be the primary causative agent, but genetic contributions have been of interest since the discovery that rare PRSS1, CFTR and SPINK1 variants were associated with pancreatitis risk. We now report two associations at genome-wide significance identified and replicated at PRSS1-PRSS2 and X-linked CLDN2 through a two-stage genome-wide study. The PRSS1 variant likely affects disease susceptibility by altering expression of the primary trypsinogen gene. The CLDN2 risk allele is (...)
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  7.  20
    Prime Matter and Modern Physics.William M. R. Simpson - 2024 - Ancient Philosophy Today 6 (1):1-5.
    Medieval interpretations of hylomorphism, in which substances are conceived as metaphysical composites of prime matter and substantial form, are receiving attention in contemporary philosophy. It has even been suggested that a recovery of Aquinas's conception of prime matter as a ‘pure potentiality’, lacking any actuality apart from substantial form, may be expedient in hylomorphic interpretations of quantum mechanics. In this paper, we consider a recent hylomorphic interpretation of non-relativistic quantum mechanics, the theory of Cosmic Hylomorphism, which does not explicitly invoke (...)
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  8. Seeing Both: A Memoir of Chances.William M. Goodman - 2023 - Oshawa, Ontario: via Amazon. SeeingBoth(dot)com.
    Goodman draws together, in this memoir, his explorations of meaning and coincidence, and his lived experiences of chance, and his professional experiences teaching, writing, and consulting about risk. The book opens by describing the author's life-changing encounter with a Zen Buddhist monk in 1977, over a cup of tea. Returning to his beginnings, Goodman recounts his coming-of-age, from participating the 1960’s U.S. protests and Vietnam-War resistance, to finally settling down in Canada. He describes his role in a supporting, silent vigil (...)
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  9. Reliability and Responsibility.M. Williams - forthcoming - Philosophical Papers.
     
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  10. Some principles require principals : why banning 'conflicts of interest' won't solve incentive problems in biomedical research.William M. Sage - 2010 - In Thomas H. Murray & Josephine Johnston (eds.), Trust and integrity in biomedical research: the case of financial conflicts of interest. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
     
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  11.  16
    Science and philosophy of behavior: selected papers.William M. Baum - 2023 - Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    This book records almost 50 years' worth of developing and explaining a new way of thinking about behavior. It represents a journey more than a goal. I came to see that the science of behavior needed a new paradigm, and two sorts of changes were required. First, the old molecular view inherited from the nineteenth century, based on discrete responses and contiguity, had to be replaced by a view based on the dynamics of behavior. Behavior is manifestly process and cannot (...)
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  12. Jnr, 1953,'The Blocked Road to Pictorial Communication'.William M. Ivins - 1984 - In Charles Harrison & Fred Orton (eds.), Modernism, criticism, realism. San Francisco: Harper & Row.
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  13.  3
    Rhetoric Between Philosophy and Poetry.William M. Curtis - 2020 - In Alan Malachowski (ed.), A companion to Rorty. Hoboken: Wiley. pp. 119–134.
    Called the “greatest philosophical essayist of his time,” Rorty is both famous and notorious in academic philosophy for his uniquely engaging writing style. While his fellow analytic philosophers look askance at his flamboyant prose, suspicious that it lacks the care and precision that their discipline demands, literary intellectuals who champion the essay genre can have their qualms about Rorty as well: his work is too professional and specialized to be properly called essays. I argue not only that Rorty's work fits (...)
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  14. Israel's developing conception of God.William M. Baumgartner - 1925 - [Carlisle, Pa.]: Print. priv..
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  15. Henry Clifford Darby, 1909-1992.M. Williams - 1995 - In Williams M. (ed.), Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 87: 1994 Lectures and Memoirs. pp. 289-306.
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  16. Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 87: 1994 Lectures and Memoirs.M. Williams - 1995
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  17. Representation Reconsidered.William M. Ramsey - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Cognitive representation is the single most important explanatory notion in the sciences of the mind and has served as the cornerstone for the so-called 'cognitive revolution'. This book critically examines the ways in which philosophers and cognitive scientists appeal to representations in their theories, and argues that there is considerable confusion about the nature of representational states. This has led to an excessive over-application of the notion - especially in many of the fresher theories in computational neuroscience. Representation Reconsidered shows (...)
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  18.  6
    The Unknown Socrates: Translations, with Introductions and Notes, of Four Important Documents in the Late Antique Reception of Socrates the Athenian.William M. Calder, Diogenes Laertius, Libanius, Maximus & Apuleius - 2002 - Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers.
    Socrates (469-399 BC) is one of history's most enigmatic figures. Our knowledge of him comes to us second-hand, primarily from the philosopher Plato, who was Socrates' most gifted student, and from the historian and sometime-philosopher Xenophon, who counted himself as a member of Socrates' inner circle of friends. We also hear of Socrates in one comic play produced during his lifetime (Aristophanes' Clouds) and in passing from the philosopher Aristotle, a student of Plato. Socrates is a figure of enduring interest. (...)
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  19.  17
    Understanding curriculum as phenomenological and deconstructed text.William F. Pinar & William M. Reynolds (eds.) - 2016 - Kingston, NY: Educators International Press.
  20.  72
    The Problem of Pluralistic Expertise: A Wittgensteinian Approach to the Rhetorical Basis of Expertise.Zoltan P. Majdik & William M. Keith - 2011 - Social Epistemology 25 (3):275-290.
    This essay draws on Ludwig Wittgenstein’s work to argue for a practice-oriented concept of expertise. We propose that conceptualizing types of expertise as having a family resemblance, relative to the problems such expertise addresses, escapes certain limitations of defining expertise as primarily epistemic. Recognizing the pragmatic purchase on actual problems a Wittgensteinian approach provides to discussions of expertise, we seek to understand the nature of expertise in situations where the people who need to make a difficult decision do not possess (...)
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  21.  55
    Visual processing capacity and attentional control.Richard M. Shiffrin & Gerald T. Gardner - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):72.
  22.  3
    Travels in the Americas: Notes and Impressions of a New World Travels in the Americas: Notes and Impressions of a New World, by Albert Camus, edited by Alice Kaplan, translated by Ryan Bloom, Chicago, IL, University of Chicago Press, 2023, 148 pp., $22.50 (cloth). [REVIEW]William M. Hawley - forthcoming - The European Legacy:1-3.
    Albert Camus’s journals of his travels to North America (1946) and South America (1949) offer his astute perspectives on literature, the arts, and Western politics in the aftermath of World War II....
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  23.  54
    What’s the Matter with Super-Humeanism?William M. R. Simpson - 2021 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 72 (3):893-911.
    Esfeld has proposed a minimalist ontology of nature called ‘super-Humeanism’ that purports to accommodate quantum phenomena and avoid standard objections to neo-Humean metaphysics. I argue that Esfeld’s sparse ontology has counterintuitive consequences and generates two self-undermining dilemmas concerning the nature of time and space. Contrary to Esfeld, I deny that super-Humeanism supports an ontology of microscopic particles that follow continuous trajectories through space.
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  24.  2
    Storied Strings: The Guitar in American Art Storied Strings: The Guitar in American Art, by Leo G. Mazow, University Park, PA, Penn State University, 2022, 264pp., $40.00 (cloth). [REVIEW]William M. Hawley - forthcoming - The European Legacy:1-3.
    The guitar as such achieved aesthetic prominence starting in the mid-1950s. Formerly employed as a rhythm instrument in big bands, or as a battered tool to accompany the vocals of itinerant troubad...
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  25.  72
    What eliminative materialism isn’t.William M. Ramsey - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):11707-11728.
    In this paper my aim is to get clearer on what eliminative materialism actually does and does not entail. I look closely at one cluster of views that is often described as a form of eliminativism in contemporary philosophy and cognitive science and try to show that this characterization is a mistake. More specifically, I look at conceptions of eliminativism recently endorsed by writers such as Edouard Machery, Paul Griffiths, Valerie Hardcastle and others, and argue that although these views do (...)
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  26.  4
    Economic Inequality and Morality: Diverse Ethical Perspectives.Richard Madsen & William M. Sullivan (eds.) - 2019 - Brookings Institution Press.
    _Examining inequality through the lenses of moral traditions_ Rising inequality has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years from scholars and politicians, but the moral dimensions of inequality tend to be ignored. Is inequality morally acceptable? Is it morally permissible to allow practices and systems that contribute to inequality? Is there an ethical obligation to try to alleviate inequality, and if so, who is obligated to take that action? This book addresses these and similar questions not through a (...)
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  27.  41
    Neo-Aristotelian Perspectives on Contemporary Science.William M. R. Simpson, Robert Charles Koons & Nicholas Teh (eds.) - 2017 - New York: Routledge.
    The last two decades have seen two significant trends emerging within the philosophy of science: the rapid development and focus on the philosophy of the specialised sciences, and a resurgence of Aristotelian metaphysics, much of which is concerned with the possibility of emergence, as well as the ontological status and indispensability of dispositions and powers in science. Despite these recent trends, few Aristotelian metaphysicians have engaged directly with the philosophy of the specialised sciences. Additionally, the relationship between fundamental Aristotelian concepts—such (...)
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  28.  72
    Cosmic hylomorphism: A powerist ontology of quantum mechanics.William M. R. Simpson - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (1):1-25.
    The primitive ontology approach to quantum mechanics seeks to account for quantum phenomena in terms of a distribution of matter in three-dimensional space and a law of nature that describes its temporal development. This approach to explaining quantum phenomena is compatible with either a Humean or powerist account of laws. In this paper, I offer a powerist ontology in which the law is specified by Bohmian mechanics for a global configuration of particles. Unlike in other powerist ontologies, however, this law (...)
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  29.  22
    Small Worlds with Cosmic Powers.William M. R. Simpson - 2023 - Journal of Philosophy 120 (8):401-420.
    The wave function of quantum mechanics can be understood in terms of the dispositional role it plays in the dynamics of a distribution of matter in three-dimensional space (or four-dimensional spacetime). There is more than one way, however, of specifying its dispositional role. This paper considers Suárez’s theory of ‘Bohmian dispositionalism’, in which the particles are endowed with their own ‘Bohmian dispositions’, and Simpson’s theory of ‘Cosmic Hylomorphism’, in which the particle configuration comprises a hylomorphic substance which has an intrinsic (...)
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  30.  9
    Confirmational Response Bias Among Social Work Journals.William M. Epstein - 1990 - Science, Technology and Human Values 15 (1):9-38.
    This article reports the results of a study of confirmational response bias among social work journals. A contrived research paper with positive findings and its negative mirror image were submitted to two different groups of social work journals and to two comparison groups of journals outside social work. The quantitative results, suggesting bias, are tentative; but the qualitative findings based upon an analysis of the referee comments are clear and consistent. Few referees from prestigious or nonprestcgrous social work journals prepared (...)
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  31.  10
    Aristotelis Topica et Sophistici Elenchi.William M. A. Grimaldi & W. D. Ross - 1960 - American Journal of Philology 81 (3):315.
  32.  42
    Expression theory and the preference reversal phenomena.William M. Goldstein & Hillel J. Einhorn - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (2):236-254.
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  33.  53
    The Globalization of Ethics: Religious and Secular Perspectives.William M. Sullivan & Will Kymlicka (eds.) - 2007 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Sullivan and Kymlicka seek to provide an alternative to post-9/11 pessimism about the ability of serious ethical dialogue to resolve disagreements and conflict across national, religious, and cultural differences. It begins by acknowledging the gravity of the problem: on our tightly interconnected planet, entire populations look for moral guidance to a variety of religious and cultural traditions, and these often stiffen, rather than soften, opposing moral perceptions. How, then, to set minimal standards for the treatment of persons while developing moral (...)
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  34.  10
    Rights of Animals, Perceptions of Science, and Political Activism: Profile of American Animal Rights Activists.William M. Lunch & Wesley V. Jamison - 1992 - Science, Technology and Human Values 17 (4):438-458.
    This article reports original research examining characteristics of the active followers of the American animal rights movement. Typical respondents were Caucasian, highly educated urban professional women approximately thirty years old with a median income of $33,000. Most activists think of themselves as Democrats or as Independents, and have moderate to liberal political views. They were often suspicious of science and made no distinctions between basic and applied science, or public versus private animal-based research. The research suggests that animal rights activism (...)
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  35.  24
    The Austrian Mind: An Intellectual and Social History.William M. Johnston - 1972 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (4):589-590.
  36. Handbook of moral behavior and development.William M. Kurtines & Jacob L. Gewirtz (eds.) - 1991 - Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum.
    The publication of this unique three-volume set represents the culmination of years of work by a large number of scholars, researchers, and professionals in the field of moral development. The literature on moral behavior and development has grown to the point where it is no longer possible to capture the “state of the art” in a single volume. This comprehensive multi-volume Handbook marks an important transition because it provides evidence that the field has emerged as an area of scholarly activity (...)
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  37.  34
    The Unavoidable Intentionality of Affect: The History of Emotions and the Neurosciences of the Present Day.William M. Reddy - 2020 - Emotion Review 12 (3):168-178.
    The “problem of emotions,” that is, that many of them are both meaningful and corporeal, has yet to be resolved. Western thinkers, from Augustine to Descartes to Zajonc, have handled this problem by employing various forms of mind–body dualism. Some psychologists and neuroscientists since the 1970s have avoided it by talking about cognitive and emotional “processing,” using a terminology borrowed from computer science that nullifies the meaningful or intentional character of both thought and emotion. Outside the Western-influenced contexts, emotion and (...)
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  38.  7
    Reconstructing Public Philosophy.William M. Sullivan - 1982 - University of California Press.
    This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1986.
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  39.  6
    Studies in the Philosophy of Aristotle's Rhetoric.William M. A. Grimaldi - 1972 - F. Steiner.
  40.  65
    A partial functions version of church's simple theory of types.William M. Farmer - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (3):1269-1291.
    Church's simple theory of types is a system of higher-order logic in which functions are assumed to be total. We present in this paper a version of Church's system called PF in which functions may be partial. The semantics of PF, which is based on Henkin's general-models semantics, allows terms to be nondenoting but requires formulas to always denote a standard truth value. We prove that PF is complete with respect to its semantics. The reasoning mechanism in PF for partial (...)
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  41. Studies in the Philosophy of Aristotle's "Rhetoric".William M. A. Grimaldi - 1976 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 9 (2):123-127.
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  42.  61
    Cultural evolution in laboratory microsocieties including traditions of rule giving and rule following.William M. Baum & Peter J. Richerson - unknown
    Experiments may contribute to understanding the basic processes of cultural evolution. We drew features from previous laboratory research with small groups in which traditions arose during several generations. Groups of four participants chose by consensus between solving anagrams printed on red cards and on blue cards. Payoffs for the choices differed. After 12 min, the participant who had been in the experiment the longest was removed and replaced with a naı¨ve person. These replacements, each of which marked the end of (...)
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  43.  29
    Consciousness in Advaita Vedānta.William M. Indich - 1980 - Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
    The nature of consciouness or human awareness is one of the problems of perennial concern to philosphers and psychologists alike. Here is a systematic critical and comparative study the nature of human awareness according to the most influential school of classical Indian thought. After introducing the Advaita Philosophical system and indicating the place of consciouness in this system the author presents a detailed discussion of the Advaitin`s unique non-dual understanding of man`s basic intelligence. He continues with and analysis of the (...)
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  44. Prints and Visual Communication.William M. Ivins - 1954 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 5 (18):168-169.
     
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  45.  47
    Historical Research on the Self and Emotions.William M. Reddy - 2009 - Emotion Review 1 (4):302-315.
    Research on this topic in Europe and North America has reached a new stage. Prior to 1970, historians told a story of progress in which modern individuals gradually gained mastery of emotions. After 1970 this older approach was put into doubt. Since 1990 research into the history of emotions has increasingly relied on a new methodology, based on the assumption that emotion is a domain of effort, and that it is possible to document variance between emotional standards, on the one (...)
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  46.  46
    Sex and Philosophy in Augustine.William M. Alexander - 1974 - Augustinian Studies 5:197-208.
  47.  7
    Sex and Philosophy in Augustine.William M. Alexander - 1974 - Augustinian Studies 5:197-208.
  48.  52
    The seven virtues of simple type theory.William M. Farmer - 2008 - Journal of Applied Logic 6 (3):267-286.
  49. Roosevelt's withdrawn slander of Paine. Van der Weyde & M. William - 1921 - [New York:
     
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  50. Who wrote the Declaration of independence? Van der Wayde & William M. [From Old Catalog] - 1911 - [n.p.]:
     
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