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William J. Prior [38]William James Prior [1]
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William Prior
Santa Clara University
  1. Virtue and Knowledge: An Introduction to Ancient Greek Ethics.William J. Prior - 1991 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1991, this book focuses on the concept of virtue, and in particular on the virtue of wisdom or knowledge, as it is found in the epic poems of Homer, some tragedies of Sophocles, selected writings of Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoic and Epicurean philosophers. The key questions discussed are the nature of the virtues, their relation to each other, and the relation between the virtues and happiness or well-being. This book provides the background and interpretative framework to (...)
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  2.  74
    Eudaimonism and Virtue.William J. Prior - 2001 - Journal of Value Inquiry 35 (3):325-342.
  3. Socratic Metaphysics.William J. Prior - 2013 - In John Bussanich & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.), The Bloomsbury Companion to Socrates. Continuum. pp. 68-93.
    In this article I argue (against the views of Russell Dancy and Gregory Vlastos, but in support of the views of R. E. Allen, Gail Fine, and Francesco Fronterotta) that Euthyphro 5c-d and 6d-e show that Socrates had a metaphysics, early version of the theory of forms. I disagree with Fronterotta only on the separation of the forms in the Euthyphro.
     
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  4.  17
    Thomson on the Moral Specification of Rights.William A. Parent & William J. Prior - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (4):837-845.
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  5. Parmenides 132c-133a and the Development of Plato's Thought.William J. Prior - 1979 - Phronesis 24 (3):230-240.
    In this paper I argue against the view of G.E.L. Owen that the second version of the Third Man Argument is a sound objection to Plato's conception of Forms as paradigms and that Plato knew it. The argument can be formulated so as to be valid, but Plato need not be committed to one of its premises. Forms are self-predicative, but the ground of self-predication is not the same as that of ordinary predication.
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  6. The Portrait of Socrates in Plato's Symposium.William J. Prior - 2006 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 31:137-166.
  7. Socrates: Critical Assessments.William J. Prior - 1996 - Psychology Press.
    This four volume set is a collection of some of the most significant scholarship published on the philosophy of Socrates in the last half century. The contributors include many of the most prominent scholars in this field. As the growth in Socratic studies in the past three decades is due in large part to the influential work of Gregory Vlastos, articles by him figure prominently in the collection, and works by other authors are generally related to his work. The volumes (...)
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  8. Timaeus 48e-52d and the Third Man Argument.William J. Prior - 1983 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 9:123-147.
    In this article I argue that "Timaeus" 48e-52d, the passage in which Plato introduces the receptacle into his ontology, Contains the material for a satisfactory response to the third man argument. Plato's use of "this" and "such" to distinguish the receptacle, Becoming, And the forms clarifies the nature of his ontology and indicates that the forms are not, In general, self-predicative. This result removes one argument against regarding the "Timaeus" as a late dialogue.
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  9.  52
    Why Did Plato Write Socratic Dialogues?William J. Prior - 1997 - Apeiron 30 (4):109 - 123.
    I argue that it was not Plato's intention in his Socratic dialogues to provide a biography of Socrates. Rather, his intention was to describe and defend the philosophical life against its critics. The Socratic dialogues are "unhappy encounters" between Socrates, defender of the life of philosophy, and those who do not comprehend or who reject that life.
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  10. The Concept of "Paradeigma" [Greek] in Plato's Theory of Forms.William J. Prior - 1983 - Apeiron 17 (1):33-42.
    Scholars often assume that when Plato said that Forms are paradeigmata he meant that they were exemplars of the property they represent. I argue that "paradeigma" is better read as "pattern" than "exemplar." This reading is compatible with Plato's use of the term in all passages except Parm. 132d, where Parmenides misinterprets the term to make the theory of Forms susceptible to the Third Man Argument.
     
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  11.  30
    Thomson on the Moral Specification of Rights.William A. Parent & William J. Prior - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (4):837-845.
  12.  13
    Plato’s Trial of Athens, by Mark A. Ralkowski.William J. Prior - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (2):481-485.
  13.  35
    Richard D. Mohr, "The Platonic Cosmology". [REVIEW]William J. Prior - 1987 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 25 (4):585.
  14.  50
    The Portrait of Socrates in Plato's Symposium.William J. Prior - 2006 - In David Sedley (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy Xxxi: Winter 2006. Oxford University Press. pp. 137-166.
    I argue that, when Alcibiades' encomium to Socrates is interpreted in light of Socrates' presentation of Diotima's speech, which immediately proceeds it, it shows Socrates to be at the top level of Diotima's "ladder of ascent" to Beauty. If Alcibiades is correct, Socrates' pretense of ignorance is an ironic sham. Socrates, as Plato's mystagogos, must have experiential knowledge of the Form of Beauty.
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  15. J. B. Skemp, "Plato". [REVIEW]William J. Prior - 1979 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (4):460.
  16. Reason and Moral Judgment, Logos, Vol. 10.William J. Prior (ed.) - 1989 - Santa Clara University.
  17. Techne.William J. Prior - 1995 - In Audi Robert (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 789.
    This is a brief dictionary entry on the Greek word "techne" (art or skill) as used in ancient Greek philosophy, in particular in the work of Plato and Aristotle. A techne may be a manual craft, such as carpentry, or a science, such as medicine. A techne is based on universal principles and is capable of being taught.
     
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  18. "Timaeus" 48e-52d and the Third Man Argument.William J. Prior - 1983 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 9:123.
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  19.  43
    Ancient Concepts of Philosophy.William J. Prior - 1995 - Teaching Philosophy 18 (1):78-80.
  20.  32
    Zeno’s First Argument Concerning Plurality.William J. Prior - 1978 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 60 (3):247-256.
  21.  42
    Virtues of Authenticity: Essays on Plato and Socrates.William J. Prior - 2001 - Ancient Philosophy 21 (1):182-188.
  22.  29
    Platonic Writings, Platonic Readings.William J. Prior - 1990 - Teaching Philosophy 13 (2):173-175.
  23.  34
    The Oxford Handbook to Plato.William J. Prior - 2011 - Ancient Philosophy 31 (1):213-217.
  24.  51
    The Concept of Παπάδειγμα in Plato's Theory of Forms.William J. Prior - 1983 - Apeiron 17 (1):33-42.
  25.  30
    Relations Between Forms and “Pauline Predication” in Euthyphro 11e4-12d4.William J. Prior - 1980 - Ancient Philosophy 1 (1):61-67.
  26. Socrates Metaphysician.William J. Prior - 2004 - In David Sedley (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy Xxvii: Winter 2004. Clarendon Press.
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  27.  34
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]William J. Prior, Ed L. Miller, Malcolm Jack & Rolf George - 1979 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (3):369-370.
  28.  28
    Platonica: The Anecdotes Concerning the Life and Writings of Plato.William J. Prior - 1980 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 18 (1):80-81.
  29.  17
    A New Apology.William J. Prior - 1998 - Apeiron 31 (4):399-406.
  30.  50
    Compassion: A Critique of Moral Rationalism.William J. Prior - 1987 - Philosophy and Theology 2 (2):173-191.
    I argue that the sentiment of compassion is a factor of the first importance in moral theory. This sentiment, which causes us to act well toward persons in need, is an essential element in the psychology of the morally well-developed person. Moral rationalists such as Epictetus and Kant, who contend that the source of moral value is reason rather than compassion, produce a distorted picture of our moral lives. Hume’s moral psychology gives compassion the place it deserves as a motivating (...)
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  31.  9
    Virtues of Authenticity: Essays on Plato and Socrates. [REVIEW]William J. Prior - 2001 - Ancient Philosophy 21 (1):182-188.
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  32.  19
    The Dialectic of Essence: A Study of Plato's Metaphysics (Review). [REVIEW]William J. Prior - 2004 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 42 (1):97-98.
    This is a brief review of Silverman's study of Plato's ontology, in particular his theory of Forms. Silverman writes from an analytic viewpoint. He accepts the developmentalist picture of Plato's thought, but holds that the development is gradual. He focuses on the issue of predication, and especially self-predication. He tends to treat Plato's ontology as a free-standing subject. All of these features are controversial. I wondered in particular whether the analytic approach required more precision than can be found in the (...)
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  33.  10
    The Historicity of Plato’s Apology.William J. Prior - 2001 - Polis: The Journal for Ancient Greek Political Thought 18 (1-2):41-57.
    Scholars who seek in Plato’s early dialogues an accurate account of the philosophy of the historical Socrates place special weight on the Apology as a source of historical information about him. Even scholars like Charles Kahn, who generally reject this historicist approach to the early dialogues, accept the Apology as a ‘quasi-historical’ document. In this paper I attempt to raise doubts about the historical reliability of the Apology. I argue that the claims used to support the historicity of the Apology (...)
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  34.  7
    Alice Swift Riginos, "Platonica: The Anecdotes Concerning the Life and Writings of Plato". [REVIEW]William J. Prior - 1980 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 18 (1):80.
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  35.  36
    Plato’s Analysis of Being and Not-Being in the Sophist.William J. Prior - 1980 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):199-211.
  36.  10
    Plato’s Analysis of Being and Not-Being in the Sophist.William J. Prior - 1980 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):199-211.
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  37.  10
    Plato.William J. Prior - 1979 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (4):460-460.
  38.  6
    Compassion: A Critique of Moral Rationalism.William J. Prior - 1987 - Philosophy and Theology 2 (2):173-191.
    In the first part of this paper, I argue that the sentiment of compassion is a factor of the first importance in moral theory. This sentiment, which causes us to act well toward persons in need, is an essential element in the psychology of the morally well-developed person. Moral rationalists such as Epictetus and Kant, who contend that the source of moral value is reason rather than compassion, produce a distorted picture of our moral lives. Hume’s moral psychology gives compassion (...)
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