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William Irons [10]William Josiah Irons [1]
  1.  69
    How did morality evolve?William Irons - 1991 - Zygon 26 (1):49-89.
    This paper presents and criticizes. Alexander's evolutionary theory of morality (1987). Earlier research, on which Alexander's theory is based, is also reviewed. The propensity to create moral systems evolved because it allowed ancestral humans to limit conflict within cooperating groups and thus form larger groups, which were advantageous because of intense between-group competition. Alexander sees moral codes as contractual, and the primary criticism of his theory is that moral codes are not completely contractual but also coercive. Ways of evaluating Alexander's (...)
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  2.  17
    Mating preferences surveys: Ethnographic follow-up would be a good next step.William Irons - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):24-24.
  3.  39
    An evolutionary critique of the created co‐creator concept.William Irons - 2004 - Zygon 39 (4):773-790.
    The created co-creator theology states that human beings have the purpose of creating the most wholesome future possible for our species and the global ecosystem. I evaluate the human aspect of this theology by asking whether it is possible for human beings to do this. Do we have sufficient knowledge? Can we be motivated to do what is necessary to create a wholesome future for ourselves and our planet? We do not at present have sufficient knowledge, but there is reason (...)
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  4.  13
    Social and reproductive success: Useful data but rethink the theory.William Irons - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):197-198.
  5.  25
    Genes and Cultures—Boyd and Richerson.William Irons - 2009 - Zygon 44 (2):347-54.
  6.  33
    Monogamy, contraception and the cultural and reproductive success hypothesis.William Irons - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):295-296.
  7.  20
    Incest avoidance: shall we drop the genetic leash?William Irons - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):108-109.
  8. Looking back two decades.William Irons - forthcoming - Human Nature: A Critical Reader.
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  9. Nomadic Empires in Evolutionary Perspective● Tatyana D. Skrynnikova Mongolian Nomadic Society of the Empire Period.William Irons, Anatoly M. Khazanov & Nikolay N. Kradin - 2004 - In Leonid Grinin, Robert Carneiro, Dmitri Bondarenko, Nikolay Kradin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.), The Early State, its Alternatives and Analogues. ‘Uchitel’ Publishing House. pp. 465.
     
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  10. The intertwined roles of genes and culture in human evolution.William Irons - 2009 - Zygon 44 (2):347-354.
    This essay critiques dual-inheritance theory as presented in Peter Richerson and Robert Boyd's book Not by Genes Alone: How Culture Transformed Human Evolution (2005). The theory states that culture became prominent in human evolution because it allowed relatively rapid adaptation to changing environments by means of imitation. Imitating the behavior of other members of one's community produces adaptive behaviors more readily than either genetic evolution or individual learning. Imitation follows a number of patterns: imitating high-status individuals, imitating the most common (...)
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