Results for 'William D���Alessandro'

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  1. Viewing-as Explanations and Ontic Dependence.William D’Alessandro - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (3):769-792.
    According to a widespread view in metaphysics and philosophy of science, all explanations involve relations of ontic dependence between the items appearing in the explanandum and the items appearing in the explanans. I argue that a family of mathematical cases, which I call “viewing-as explanations”, are incompatible with the Dependence Thesis. These cases, I claim, feature genuine explanations that aren’t supported by ontic dependence relations. Hence the thesis isn’t true in general. The first part of the paper defends this claim (...)
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  2. Explicitism About Truth in Fiction.William D’Alessandro - 2016 - British Journal of Aesthetics 56 (1):53-65.
    The problem of truth in fiction concerns how to tell whether a given proposition is true in a given fiction. Thus far, the nearly universal consensus has been that some propositions are ‘implicitly true’ in some fictions: such propositions are not expressed by any explicit statements in the relevant work, but are nevertheless held to be true in those works on the basis of some other set of criteria. I call this family of views ‘implicitism’. I argue that implicitism faces (...)
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  3. Is It Bad to Prefer Attractive Partners?William D'alessandro - forthcoming - Journal of the American Philosophical Association:1-20.
    Philosophers have rightly condemned lookism—that is, discrimination in favor of attractive people or against unattractive people—in education, the justice system, the workplace and elsewhere. Surprisingly, however, the almost universal preference for attractive romantic and sexual partners has rarely received serious ethical scrutiny. On its face, it’s unclear whether this is a form of discrimination we should reject or tolerate. I consider arguments for both views. On the one hand, a strong case can be made that preferring attractive partners is bad. (...)
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  4. Proving Quadratic Reciprocity: Explanation, Disagreement, Transparency and Depth.William D’Alessandro - 2020 - Synthese (9):1-44.
    Gauss’s quadratic reciprocity theorem is among the most important results in the history of number theory. It’s also among the most mysterious: since its discovery in the late 18th century, mathematicians have regarded reciprocity as a deeply surprising fact in need of explanation. Intriguingly, though, there’s little agreement on how the theorem is best explained. Two quite different kinds of proof are most often praised as explanatory: an elementary argument that gives the theorem an intuitive geometric interpretation, due to Gauss (...)
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  5. Arithmetic, Set Theory, Reduction and Explanation.William D’Alessandro - 2018 - Synthese 195 (11):5059-5089.
    Philosophers of science since Nagel have been interested in the links between intertheoretic reduction and explanation, understanding and other forms of epistemic progress. Although intertheoretic reduction is widely agreed to occur in pure mathematics as well as empirical science, the relationship between reduction and explanation in the mathematical setting has rarely been investigated in a similarly serious way. This paper examines an important particular case: the reduction of arithmetic to set theory. I claim that the reduction is unexplanatory. In defense (...)
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  6.  92
    Mathematical Explanation Beyond Explanatory Proof.William D’Alessandro - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 71 (2):581-603.
    Much recent work on mathematical explanation has presupposed that the phenomenon involves explanatory proofs in an essential way. I argue that this view, ‘proof chauvinism’, is false. I then look in some detail at the explanation of the solvability of polynomial equations provided by Galois theory, which has often been thought to revolve around an explanatory proof. The article concludes with some general worries about the effects of chauvinism on the theory of mathematical explanation. 1Introduction 2Why I Am Not a (...)
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  7. Explanation in Mathematics: Proofs and Practice.William D'Alessandro - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (11).
    Mathematicians distinguish between proofs that explain their results and those that merely prove. This paper explores the nature of explanatory proofs, their role in mathematical practice, and some of the reasons why philosophers should care about them. Among the questions addressed are the following: what kinds of proofs are generally explanatory (or not)? What makes a proof explanatory? Do all mathematical explanations involve proof in an essential way? Are there really such things as explanatory proofs, and if so, how do (...)
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  8.  7
    Collin Rice's Leveraging Distortions: Explanation, Idealization, and Universality in Science.William D'Alessandro - 2022 - BJPS Review of Books.
  9. Teaching and Learning Guide For: Explanation in Mathematics: Proofs and Practice.William D'Alessandro - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (11).
    This is a teaching and learning guide to accompany "Explanation in Mathematics: Proofs and Practice".
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  10. Interview with Kenny Easwaran.Kenny Easwaran & William D'Alessandro - 2021 - The Reasoner 15 (2):9-12.
    Bill D'Alessandro talks to Kenny Easwaran about fractal music, Zoom conferences, being a good referee, teaching in math and philosophy, the rationalist community and its relationship to academia, decision-theoretic pluralism, and the city of Manhattan, Kansas.
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  11.  15
    The Social Nature of Saintliness and Moral Action: A View of William James's Varieties in Relation to St Ignatius and Lawrence Kohlberg.Ann Higgins-D'Alessandro & S. J. John J. Cecero - 2003 - Journal of Moral Education 32 (4):357-371.
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  12.  35
    The Social Nature of Saintliness and Moral Action: A View of William James's Varieties in Relation to St Ignatius and Lawrence Kohlberg.Ann Higgins-D'Alessandro & John J. Cecero Sj - 2003 - Journal of Moral Education 32 (4):357-371.
    This article argues that William James's thinking in The Varieties and elsewhere contains the view that social institutions, such as religious congregations and schools, are mediators between the private and public spheres of life, and are necessary for transforming personal feelings, ideals and beliefs into moral action. The Exercises of St Ignatius and the Just Community moral education approach serve as examples. Criticisms of the more commonly held view that James recognised only individual personal experiences as valid religious expressions (...)
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  13.  5
    Sniff and Tell: The Feasibility of Using Bio-Detection Dogs as a Mobile Diagnostic Intervention for Asymptomatic Malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa.Ben Kasstan, Kate Hampshire, Claire Guest, James G. Logan, Margaret Pinder, Kate Williams, Umberto D’Alessandro & Steve W. Lindsay - 2019 - Journal of Biosocial Science 51 (3):436-443.
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  14.  28
    Global Contested Terrain: The Case of the Tuna-Dolphin Controversy. [REVIEW]Douglas H. Constance, Alessandro Bonanno & William D. Heffernan - 1995 - Agriculture and Human Values 12 (3):19-33.
    Employing the case of the global tuna-fish industry, it is argued that the process of globalization is contested terrain as it opens “free spaces” to some classes or groups and closes “free spaces” to others; that the nation-States' regulatory abilities are weakened; and finally, that while some social movements may gain, others are marginalized. Three basic conclusions are reached. (1) The industry's actions were successfully “contested” by environmental groups supported by the legislative and judicial branches of the US State. (2) (...)
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  15.  8
    Politica e società nella Sicilia aragonese. Vincenzo D'Alessandro.William M. Bowsky - 1965 - Speculum 40 (2):341-343.
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  16.  40
    Natural Ethical Facts: Evolution, Connectionism, and Moral Cognition.William D. Casebeer - 2003 - Bradford.
    In Natural Ethical Facts William Casebeer argues that we can articulate a fully naturalized ethical theory using concepts from evolutionary biology and cognitive science, and that we can study moral cognition just as we study other forms of cognition. His goal is to show that we have "softly fixed" human natures, that these natures are evolved, and that our lives go well or badly depending on how we satisfy the functional demands of these natures. Natural Ethical Facts is a (...)
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  17.  37
    A Bad Theory of Truth in Fiction.Ioan-Radu Motoarc? - 2017 - British Journal of Aesthetics 57 (4):379-387.
    William D’Alessandro has recently argued that there are no implicit truths in fiction. According to the view defended by D’Alessandro, which he terms explicitism, the only truths in fiction are the ones explicitly expressed therein. In this essay, I argue that explicitism is incorrect on multiple counts. Not only is the argument D’Alessandro gives for it invalid, but explicitism as a theory of truth in fiction fails drastically to account for a number of phenomena that are crucial to our (...)
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  18.  15
    Homer William Smith, Sc.D. His Scientific and Literary Achievements. Herbert Chasis, William Goldring, Homer William Smith. [REVIEW]William D. Blake - 1966 - Isis 57 (2):290-291.
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  19. William James and Gestalt Psychology.William D. Woody - 1999 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 20 (1):79-92.
    To date, there have been only two scholarly papers devoted to a comparison of Gestalt psychology with the psychology of William James. An early paper by Mary Whiton Calkins called attention to numerous similarities between these two schools of thought. However, a more recent paper by Mary Henle argues that the ideas of William James, as presented in The Principles of Psychology, are irrelevant to Gestalt psychology. In what follows, this claim is evaluated both in terms of The (...)
     
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  20. Heidegger's Temporal Idealism.William D. Blattner - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a systematic reconstruction of Heidegger's account of time and temporality in Being and Time. The author locates Heidegger in a tradition of 'temporal idealism' with its sources in Plotinus, Leibniz, and Kant. For Heidegger, time can only be explained in terms of 'originary temporality', a concept integral to his ontology. Blattner sets out not only the foundations of Heidegger's ontology, but also his phenomenology of the experience of time. Focusing on a neglected but central aspect of Being (...)
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  21.  22
    Natural Ethical Facts: Evolution, Connectionism, and Moral Cognition.William D. Casebeer - 2003 - Bradford.
    In Natural Ethical Facts William Casebeer argues that we can articulate a fully naturalized ethical theory using concepts from evolutionary biology and cognitive science, and that we can study moral cognition just as we study other forms of cognition. His goal is to show that we have "softly fixed" human natures, that these natures are evolved, and that our lives go well or badly depending on how we satisfy the functional demands of these natures. Natural Ethical Facts is a (...)
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  22. Lawrence Kohlberg's Approach to Moral Education.F. Clark Power, Ann Higgins-D'alessandro & Lawrence Kohlberg - 1989
  23.  12
    V. d'Alessandro, "La sfida dell'istruzione".Anna Laura Zanatta - 1997 - Polis 11 (2):310-311.
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  24.  71
    Schanbacer, William D: The Politics of Food: The Global Conflict Between Food Security and Food Sovereignty: Praeger, Santa Barbara, CA, 2010, ISBN: 978-0-313-36328-3, $34.95 Hardback. [REVIEW]Cornelia Butler Flora - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (5):545-547.
    Schanbacer, William D: The Politics of Food: The Global Conflict Between Food Security and Food Sovereignty Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s10806-010-9267-1 Authors Cornelia Butler Flora, Iowa State University 317 East Hall Ames IA 50011-1070 USA Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN 1187-7863.
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  25. The Neural Mechanisms of Moral Cognition: A Multiple-Aspect Approach to Moral Judgment and Decision-Making. [REVIEW]William D. Casebeer & Patricia S. Churchland - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (1):169-194.
    We critically review themushrooming literature addressing the neuralmechanisms of moral cognition (NMMC), reachingthe following broad conclusions: (1) researchmainly focuses on three inter-relatedcategories: the moral emotions, moral socialcognition, and abstract moral reasoning. (2)Research varies in terms of whether it deploysecologically valid or experimentallysimplified conceptions of moral cognition. Themore ecologically valid the experimentalregime, the broader the brain areas involved.(3) Much of the research depends on simplifyingassumptions about the domain of moral reasoningthat are motivated by the need to makeexperimental progress. This is a (...)
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  26.  14
    Moral Education as an Historical/Political/Social Science.Ann Higgins-D'Alessandro - 1996 - Journal of Moral Education 25 (1):57-66.
    Abstract This paper introduces a vision of moral education for the future. It argues that for moral education to take its place as essential in the curriculum, moral educators must acknowledge and adopt the goal for moral education expected by lay?people and by society; that is, to create better societies and a better world in addition to developing the character and moral acumen of individuals. Examples are used to argue that the world is a smaller, and also a new, place (...)
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  27.  11
    Difficulties in Understanding Reactions to Whistleblowing.Professor Ann Higgins-D'Alessandro - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (1):25-28.
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  28. The Concept of Death in Being and Time.William D. Blattner - 1994 - Man and World 27 (1):49-70.
  29. The Engines of the Soul.William D. Hart - 1988 - Cambridge University Press.
    Dr Hart sets out to answer this question by showing that the issue is as much about the nature of causation as it is about the natures of mind and matter.
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  30.  3
    Life History Orientation Predicts COVID-19 Precautions and Projected Behaviors.Randy Corpuz, Sophia D’Alessandro, Janet Adeyemo, Nicole Jankowski & Karen Kandalaft - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  31.  10
    A Sense of Place.William D. Adams - 2019 - Chiasmi International 21:277-288.
    Merleau-Ponty spent the summer of 1960 in the small French village of Le Tholonet writing Eye and Mind. His choice of location was no accident. Le Tholonet was the physical and emotional epicenter of Paul Cezanne’s late painting, the ultimate proving ground of his relentless quest to reveal the truth of landscape in art.It makes perfect sense that Merleau-Ponty wrote Eye and Mind in Le Tholonet. The essay is a philosophical meditation on vision and painting. But it also is a (...)
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  32.  14
    Mirror-Image Matching and Mental Rotation Problem Solving by Baboons (< Em> Papio Papio): Unilateral Input Enhances Performance.William D. Hopkins, Joël Fagot & Jacques Vauclair - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (1):61.
  33.  7
    Chants d'Amour des Femmes-Troubadours: Trobairitz Et "Chansons de Femme.". Pierre BecSongs of the Women Troubadours.Matilda Tomaryn Bruckner, Laurie Shepard, Sarah White. [REVIEW]William D. Paden - 1997 - Speculum 72 (3):783-786.
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  34.  13
    Dancing Up a Spiral Staircase: Learning How Best Practices and Policies Intertwine Lifelong Moral Development with Education.Ann Higgins-D’Alessandro - 2011 - Journal of Moral Education 40 (3):397-405.
    My professional and personal lives have always intertwined; as someone who works in moral education and psychology?fields defined by historical and socio-political contexts?the political sphere has also surrounded my career. Being a researcher, interventionist and evaluator has taught me that it is very easy to lose one or more of the necessary, but often too loosely woven, threads of educational practice and policy with human development and culture. Based on my own professional experiences, I discuss two sets of issues that (...)
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  35.  28
    The Paṭiccasamuppāda: A Developed Formula: D. M. WILLIAMS.D. M. Williams - 1978 - Religious Studies 14 (1):35-56.
    The purpose of this article should become plain during the reading of it, but perhaps some prior explanation is needed. Almost from the beginning of my study of the paṭiccasamuppāda I have had the notion that it could not have come into existence in the form the usual twelvefold formulation takes. For reasons which I try to make clear this twelvefold formulation is not a satisfactory statement of what it is supposed to explain, namely the reasons for each individual's continued (...)
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  36. Is Heidegger a Kantian Idealist?William D. Blattner - 1994 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 37 (2):185 – 201.
    It is argued that Heidegger should be seen as something of a Kantian Idealist. Like Kant, Heidegger distinguishes two standpoints (transcendental and empirical) which we can occupy when we ask the question whether natural things depend on us. He agrees with Kant that from the empirical or human standpoint we are justified in saying that natural things do not depend on us. But in contrast with Kant, Heidegger argues that from the transcendental standpoint we can say neither that natural things (...)
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  37.  18
    Moral Reasoning and Empathy in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Implications for Moral Education.Amie K. Senland & Ann Higgins-D’Alessandro - 2013 - Journal of Moral Education 42 (2):209-223.
    A mixed methods approach was used to understand moral reasoning and empathy in 12- to 18-year-old adolescents with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HF-ASD) compared to same age typically developing (TD) youth. Adolescents completed measures assessing empathy (perspective-taking, personal distress, and empathic concern), and moral reasoning, as well as a qualitative interview asking them to discuss a challenging sociomoral situation and recount their moral competencies and strengths in difficult situations. For quantitative results, both groups demonstrated similar empathic concern, but adolescents with (...)
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  38.  22
    A Framework for the Ethical Analysis of Corporate Political Activity.William D. Oberman - 2004 - Business and Society Review 109 (2):245-262.
  39.  23
    Paolo d'Alessandro;, Pier Daniele Napolitani. Archimede Latino: Iacopo da San Cassiano e il “Corpus” Archimedeo alla metà del Quattrocento, con edizione della “Circuli dimensio” e della “Quadratura parabolae.”. 371 pp., illus., table, apps., bibl., indexes. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2012. €75. [REVIEW]W. R. Laird - 2014 - Isis 105 (1):210-211.
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  40.  57
    Economics.Paul A. Samuelson & William D. Nordhaus - 2010 - Mcgraw-Hill Irwin.
    Samuelson's text was first published in 1948, and it immediately became the authority for the principles of economics courses. The book continues to be the standard-bearer for principles courses, and this revision continues to be a clear, accurate, and interesting introduction to modern economics principles. Bill Nordhaus is now the primary author of this text, and he has revised the book to be as current and relevant as ever.
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  41.  5
    On the Diversity of Linguistic Data and the Integration of the Language Sciences.Roberta D’Alessandro & Marc van Oostendorp - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  42.  15
    The Distribution of Life‐Saving Pharmaceuticals: Viewing the Conflict Between Social Efficiency and Economic Efficiency Through a Social Contract Lens.William D. Reisel & Linda M. Sama - 2003 - Business and Society Review 108 (3):365-387.
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  43.  10
    Is There Sign-Tracking in Aversive Conditioning?William D. Bartter & Fred A. Masterson - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (2):87-89.
  44.  34
    Heidegger's Pragmatism: Understanding, Being, and the Critique of Metaphysics.William D. Blattner - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (4):713.
  45.  6
    Eliciting Big Data From Small, Young, or Non-Standard Languages: 10 Experimental Challenges.Evelina Leivada, Roberta D’Alessandro & Kleanthes K. Grohmann - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  46.  6
    On the Date of a Comet Ascribed to A. D. 1238.William D. Stahlman - 1952 - Isis 43 (4):348-351.
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  47. Existential Temporality in Being and Time (Why Heidegger is Not a Pragmatist).William D. Blattner - 1992 - In Hubert L. Dreyfuss & Harrison Hall (eds.), Heidegger: A Critical Reader. Blackwell. pp. 99--129.
     
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  48.  12
    Japanese Students Abroad and the Building of America's First Japanese Library Collection, 1869–1878.William D. Fleming - 2019 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (1):115.
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  49. William Channing Woodbridge: Geographer.William D. Walters - 1993 - Journal of Social Studies Research 16:42-47.
  50.  5
    Studia Occitanica in Memoriam Paul Remy. Hans-Erich Keller, Jean-Marie D'Heur, Guy R. Mermir, Marc Vuijlsteke.William D. Paden - 1989 - Speculum 64 (3):725-727.
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