Results for 'William C. Pedersen'

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  1.  32
    For the short-term: Are women just looking for a few pair of genes?Lynn Carol Miller, William C. Pedersen, Allison R. Johnson & Anila D. Putcha - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):614-615.
    Although we find Gangestad & Simpson's argument intriguing, we question some of its underlying assumptions, including: (1) that fluctuating asymmetry (FA) is consistently heritable; (2) that symmetry is driving the effects; (3) that use of parametric tests with FA is appropriate; and (4) that a short-term mating strategy produces more offspring than a long-term strategy.
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  2. Promiscuity in an evolved pair-bonding system: Mating within and outside the pleistocene box.Lynn Carol Miller, William C. Pedersen & Anila Putcha-Bhagavatula - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):290-291.
    Across mammals, when fathers matter, as they did for hunter-gatherers, sex-similar pair-bonding mechanisms evolve. Attachment fertility theory can explain Schmitt's and other findings as resulting from a system of mechanisms affording pair-bonding in which promiscuous seeking is part. Departures from hunter-gatherer environments (e.g., early menarche, delayed marriage) can alter dating trajectories, thereby impacting mating outside of pair-bonds.
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  3. Developmental Constraints, Generative Entrenchment, and the Innate-Acquired Distinction.William C. Wimsatt - 1986 - In William Bechtel (ed.), Integrating Scientific Disciplines. University of Chicago Press. pp. 185--208.
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  4.  15
    Revisiting Spinoza's concept of Conatus : degrees of autonomy.C̜aroline Williams - 2019 - In Aurelia Armstrong, Keith Green & Andrea Sangiacomo (eds.), Spinoza and Relational Autonomy: Being with Others. Edinburgh: Eup. pp. 115-131.
  5. A two-year experiment with programed learning.William C. Rock - 1965 - In Karl W. Linsenmann (ed.), Proceedings. St. Louis, Lutheran Academy for Scholarship. pp. 220.
  6.  25
    Ḫāliṣ's Story of Ibrāhīm. A Central Asian Islamic Work in Late Chagatay TurkicHalis's Story of Ibrahim. A Central Asian Islamic Work in Late Chagatay Turkic.William C. Hickman, A. J. E. Bodrogligeti, Ḫāliṣ & Halis - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (4):570.
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  7. Bush's national security strategy: A critique of united states.William C. Gay - 2007 - In Gail M. Presbey (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives on the War on Terrorism. BRILL. pp. 131-140.
    Many individuals domestically and internationally who strive for peace and justice are concerned about the new National Security Strategy issued by the George W. Bush Administration in September 2002. 1 William Galston, for example, writes in a recent issue of Philosophy and Public Policy Quarterly: A global strategy based on the new Bush doctrine of preemption means the end of the system of international institutions, laws and norms that we have worked to build for more than a half a (...)
     
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  8.  56
    Unravelling intention: Distal intentions increase the subjective sense of agency.Mikkel C. Vinding, Michael N. Pedersen & Morten Overgaard - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):810-815.
    Experimental studies investigating the contribution of conscious intention to the generation of a sense of agency for one’s own actions tend to rely upon a narrow definition of intention. Often it is operationalized as the conscious sensation of wanting to move right before movement. Existing results and discussion are therefore missing crucial aspects of intentions, namely intention as the conscious sensation of wanting to move in advance of the movement. In the present experiment we used an intentional binding paradigm, in (...)
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  9.  4
    Nature and Business Ethics.William C. Frederick - 1999 - In Robert Frederick (ed.), A companion to business ethics. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell. pp. 100–111.
    This chapter contains sections titled: The evolutionary background Genes: Selfish? Altruistic? Or both? The hunter‐gatherer mind and before Nature's moral sentiments Nature in the workplace The rest of the story and more.
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  10.  13
    Democracy and the Quest for Justice: Russian and American Perspectives.William C. Gay & Tatiana Alekseeva (eds.) - 2004 - BRILL.
    This book examines the changes and challenges to democracy particularly in contemporary Russia. In the first section, Russian and American philosophers scrutinize the virtues and vices facing a country changing to a democratic government. The book, secondly, explores the challenges facing a democratic Russia. Lastly, the book considers carefully issues of social justice arising from the relationship between democracy and the current economic climate of globalization. The series _Contemporary Russian Philosophy_ explores a variety of perspectives in and on philosophy as (...)
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  11. The New Reign of Terror: The Politics of Defining Weapons of Mass Destruction and Terrorism.William C. Gay - 2007 - In Gail M. Presbey (ed.), Philosophical Perspectives on the War on Terrorism. BRILL. pp. 23-33.
    “It was the best of times. It was the worst of times.” So begins Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two Cities. While he was writing about London and Paris during the turbulent times associated with the rise of the British Industrial Revolution and the French Political Revolution, these lines express the current sentiments of many Americans. Before 11 September 2001, many people thought we were living in the best of times. Baby boomers were relishing in the prospects that through inheritance (...)
     
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  12. From CSR1 to CSR2 The Maturing of Business-and-Society Thought.William C. Frederick - 1994 - Business and Society 33 (2):150-164.
  13. Re-engineering philosophy for limited beings: piecewise approximations to reality.William C. Wimsatt - 2007 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    This book offers a philosophy for error-prone humans trying to understand messy systems in the real world.
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  14.  9
    Ricoeur on Time and Narrative: An Introduction to Temps Et Récit.William C. Dowling - 2011 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    “The object of this book,” writes William C. Dowling in his preface, “is to make the key concepts of Paul Ricoeur’s _Time and Narrative_ available to readers who might have felt bewildered by the twists and turns of its argument.” The sources of puzzlement are, he notes, many. For some, it is Ricoeur’s famously indirect style of presentation, in which the polarities of argument and exegesis seem so often and so suddenly to have reversed themselves. For others, it is (...)
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  15.  98
    The moral authority of transnational corporate codes.William C. Frederick - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (3):165 - 177.
    Ethical guidelines for multinational corporations are included in several international accords adopted during the past four decades. These guidelines attempt to influence the practices of multinational enterprises in such areas as employment relations, consumer protection, environmental pollution, political participation, and basic human rights. Their moral authority rests upon the competing principles of national sovereignty, social equity, market integrity, and human rights. Both deontological principles and experience-based value systems undergird and justify the primacy of human rights as the fundamental moral authority (...)
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  16. Fluted formulas and the limits of decidability.William C. Purdy - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (2):608-620.
    In the predicate calculus, variables provide a flexible indexing service which selects the actual arguments to a predicate letter from among possible arguments that precede the predicate letter (in the parse of the formula). In the process of selection, the possible arguments can be permuted, repeated (used more than once), and skipped. If this service is withheld, so that arguments must be the immediately preceding ones, taken in the order in which they occur, the formula is said to be fluted. (...)
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  17.  11
    Can Ethnographers Contribute to an Anti-Torture Movement in the Middle East?William C. Young - 2000 - Global Bioethics 13 (1-2):5-13.
    Although campaigns for universal human rights have been intellectually and emotionally compelling for many anthropologists, they have tended to embroil them in fruitless polemics about cultural relativism with non-Western thinkers and policy-makers. Often “universalist” discourses about “rights” depend on values and distinctions that are far from universal and that stem, in fact, from Christian, secular, or “modernist” notions about punishment, suffering, and redemption. To make some practical contribution to the struggle for human dignity in the Middle East, it may be (...)
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  18.  18
    Moving to CSR.William C. Frederick - 1998 - Business and Society 37 (1):40-59.
    The study of Social Issues in Management (SIM) has exhausted its primary analytic framework based on corporate social performance (social science), business ethics (philosophy), and stakeholder theory (organizational science), and needs to move to a new paradigmatic level based on the natural sciences. Doing so would expand research horizons to include cosmological perspectives (astrophysics), evolutionary theory (biology, genetics, ecology), and non-sectarian spirituality concepts (theological naturalism, cognitive neuroscience). Absent this shift, SIM studies risk increasing irrelevance for scholars and business practitioners.
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  19. Russell's paradox and some others.William C. Kneale - 1971 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (4):321-338.
    Though the phrase 'x is true of x' is well formed grammatically, it does not express any predicate in the logical sense, because it does not satisfy the principle of reduction for statements containing 'x is true of'. recognition of this allows for solution of russell's paradox without his restrictive theory of types.
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  20.  31
    Advantage, adaptiveness, and evolutionary ecology.William C. Kimler - 1986 - Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):215-233.
    With the rejection of group selectionist derivations of ecological phenomena so incisively given by George Williams in 1966,43 Nicholson's long-ignored messages met with acceptance. Species benefit became, explicitly, incidental. But the reorientation was not just about a point of ecological theory. It was more fundamentally about theoretical style, the element shared by Wynne-Edwards' work and the newer, evolutionary ecology. That current approach is well expressed in an already classic paper by the British plant ecologist John Harper: Ultimately all the discoveries (...)
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  21.  16
    From biological practice to scientific metaphysics.William C. Bausman, Janella K. Baxter & Oliver M. Lean (eds.) - 2023 - Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Exploring what a scientific metaphysics grounded in biological practices could look like and how it might impact the way we investigate the world around us, the contributors to From Biological Practice to Scientific Metaphysics review and discuss long-held objections to metaphysics by natural scientists. They illuminate how, in order to learn about the world as it truly is, we must look not only at what scientists say but also what they do.
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  22.  26
    How bacteriophage came to be used by the Phage Group.William C. Summers - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):255-267.
  23.  34
    The Empirical Quest for Normative Meaning.William C. Frederick - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (2):91-98.
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  24.  19
    Philosophy of Logics.C. J. F. Williams - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (116):277-278.
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  25.  64
    Codes of ethics — towards a rule-utilitarian justification.William C. Starr - 1983 - Journal of Business Ethics 2 (2):99 - 106.
    This paper attempts to provide a conceptual underpinning for codes of ethics in business and the professions. Rule-utilitarianism is a theory of ethics which I believe can successfully do this. Business persons and professionals, hopefully, will be able to develop codes of ethics in a manner consistent with a well-formulated general ethical theory. This will help enable codes of ethics to be a bridge between general ethical theory and specific ethical decisions made in business and the professions.
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  26. Re-Engineering Philosophy for Limited Beings. Piecewise Approximations to Reality.William C. Wimsatt - 2010 - Critica 42 (124):108-117.
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  27.  38
    Modeling: Neutral, Null, and Baseline.William C. Bausman - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (4):594-616.
    Two strategies for using a model as “null” are distinguished. Null modeling evaluates whether a process is causally responsible for a pattern by testing it against a null model. Baseline modeling measures the relative significance of various processes responsible for a pattern by detecting deviations from a baseline model. When these strategies are conflated, models are illegitimately privileged as accepted until rejected. I illustrate this using the neutral theory of ecology and draw general lessons from this case. First, scientists cannot (...)
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  28. A Hypothesis of Extraterrestrial Behavior (2nd edition).William C. Lane - manuscript
    Developments that suggest the universe is full of life make the Fermi paradox increasingly pressing, but our search for an extraterrestrial technological civilization (“ETC”) is handicapped by our ignorance of its probable nature and behavior. This paper offers a way around this problem by drawing on information theoretical concepts, including game theory and Bayesian probability. It argues that, whatever its ultimate goals, an ETC would have the same instrumental goals as other intelligent agents. Generically, these are self-preservation and the acquisition (...)
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  29.  44
    Creatures, Corporations, Communities, Chaos, Complexity.William C. Frederick - 1998 - Business and Society 37 (4):358-389.
    The corporation's social role is usually presented as a cultural phenomenon in which the corporation learns socially acceptable behaviors through voluntary social responsibility, government regulations/public policies, and/or acceptance of ethics principles. This article presents an alternative view of corporationcommunity relations as a natural phenomenon based on complexity-chaos theory and a biological-physical conception of corporate values. Corporation and community are depicted as interacting nonlinear adaptive systems having unpredictable futures, the corporate social role is depicted as largely indeterminate, and competing values are (...)
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  30.  66
    Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought.William C. Wimsatt - 1970 - Philosophy of Science 37 (4):620-623.
  31.  28
    Complexity and nicety of fluted logic.William C. Purdy - 2002 - Studia Logica 71 (2):177 - 198.
    Fluted Logic is essentially first-order predicate logic deprived of variables. The lack of variables results in reduced expressiveness. Nevertheless, many logical problems that can be stated in natural language, such as the famous Schubert's Steamroller, can be rendered in fluted logic. Further evidence of the expressiveness of fluted logic is its close relation to description logics. Already it has been shown that fluted logic is decidable and has the finite-model property. This paper shows that fluted logic has the exponential-model property (...)
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  32.  8
    Complexity and Nicety of Fluted Logic.William C. Purdy - 2002 - Studia Logica 71 (2):177-198.
    Fluted Logic is essentially first-order predicate logic deprived of variables. The lack of variables results in reduced expressiveness. Nevertheless, many logical problems that can be stated in natural language, such as the famous Schubert's Steamroller, can be rendered in fluted logic. Further evidence of the expressiveness of fluted logic is its close relation to description logics. Already it has been shown that fluted logic is decidable and has the finite-model property. This paper shows that fluted logic has the exponential-model property (...)
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  33.  29
    Pragmatism, Nature, and Norms.William C. Frederick - 2000 - Business and Society Review 105 (4):467-479.
  34.  26
    Anchoring Values in Nature.William C. Frederick - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (3):283-303.
    The dominant values of the business system-economizing and power-aggrandizing-are manifestations of natural evolutionary forces to which sociocultural meaning has been assigned. Economizing tends to slow life-negating entropic processes, while power-aggrandizement enhances them. Both economizing and power-aggrandizing work against a third (non-business) value cluster- ecologizing-which sustains community integrity. The contradictory tensions and conflicts generated among these three value clusters define the central normative issues posed by business operations. While both economizing and ecologizing are antientropic and therefore life-supporting, power augmentation, which negates (...)
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  35.  31
    Who Understands? A Survey of 25 Words or Phrases Commonly Used in Proposed Clinical Research Consent Forms.William C. Waggoner & Diane M. Mayo - 1995 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 17 (1):6.
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  36.  33
    Rhetorical Structure Theory: looking back and moving ahead.William C. Mann & Maite Taboada - 2006 - Discourse Studies 8 (3):423-459.
    Rhetorical Structure Theory has enjoyed continuous attention since its origins in the 1980s. It has been applied, compared to other approaches, and also criticized in a number of areas in discourse analysis, theoretical linguistics, psycholinguistics, and computational linguistics. In this article, we review some of the discussions about the theory itself, especially addressing issues of the reliability of analyses and psychological validity, together with a discussion of the nature of text relations. We also propose areas for further research. A follow-up (...)
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  37.  49
    Extending gödel's negative interpretation to ZF.William C. Powell - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (2):221-229.
  38.  30
    Quine's 'limits of decision'.William C. Purdy - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1439-1466.
    In a 1969 paper, Quine coined the term 'limits of decision'. This term evidently refers to limits on the logical vocabulary of a logic, beyond which satisfiability is no longer decidable. In the same paper. Quine showed that not only monadic formulas, but homogeneous k-adic formulas for arbitrary k lie on the decidable side of the limits of decision. But the precise location of the limits of decision has remained an open question. The present paper answers that question. It addresses (...)
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  39.  20
    Historical or Presuppositional Apologetics: A Henrecian Response to Michael Licona’s New Historiographical Approach.William C. Roach - 2019 - Perichoresis 17 (3):43-61.
    Two cross-currents from the twentieth century have affected evangelical apologetics: apologetic methodology and Carl F. H. Henry. Henry was considered the dean of American evangelicalism, who shaped the movement by providing a rational and propositional apologetic. Henry also engaged the issues in the midst of a larger question of apologetic methodology, primarily, between presuppositionalists and evidentialists. This article continues to address the two cross-currents by offering a Henrecian evaluation of Michael Licona’s new historiographical approach to defending the resurrection. In particular, (...)
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  40. The Role of Starting Points to Order Investigation: Why and How to Enrich the Logic of Research Questions.William C. Bausman - 2022 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 6 (14).
    What methodological approaches do research programs use to investigate the world? Elisabeth Lloyd’s Logic of Research Questions (LRQ) characterizes such approaches in terms of the questions that the researchers ask and causal factors they consider. She uses the Logic of Research Questions Framework to criticize adaptationist programs in evolutionary biology for dogmatically assuming selection explanations of the traits of organisms. I argue that Lloyd’s general criticism of methodological adaptationism is an artefact of the impoverished LRQ. My Ordered Factors Proposal extends (...)
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  41.  7
    A Philosophical Life: The Collected Essays of William C. Gentry.William C. Gentry - 2008 - Upa.
    William C. Gentry was both an academic philosopher, perfectly willing to engage in the philosophical 'conversations' of the written word and, more importantly, a true philosopher, in the Platonic and Socratic style. Engaging with those around him in discourse, in live conversations, which are the vehicle of actual philosophical inquiry and discovery. These essays are the product of those conversations. Gentry's thoughts consisted of investigations into the deepest and most profound questions of human nature, ethics, and knowledge. This volume (...)
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  42.  37
    Commentary: Corporate Social Responsibility: Deep Roots, Flourishing Growth, Promising Future.William C. Frederick - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  43.  81
    Robustness, Reliability, and Overdetermination (1981).William C. Wimsatt - 2012 - In Lena Soler (ed.), Characterizing the robustness of science: after the practice turn in philosophy of science. New York: Springer Verlag. pp. 61-78.
    The use of multiple means of determination to “triangulate” on the existence and character of a common phenomenon, object, or result has had a long tradition in science but has seldom been a matter of primary focus. As with many traditions, it is traceable to Aristotle, who valued having multiple explanations of a phenomenon, and it may also be involved in his distinction between special objects of sense and common sensibles. It is implicit though not emphasized in the distinction between (...)
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  44.  27
    Anchoring Values in Nature.William C. Frederick - 1992 - Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (3):283-303.
    The dominant values of the business system-economizing and power-aggrandizing-are manifestations of natural evolutionary forces to which sociocultural meaning has been assigned. Economizing tends to slow life-negating entropic processes, while power-aggrandizement enhances them. Both economizing and power-aggrandizing work against a third (non-business) value cluster- ecologizing-which sustains community integrity. The contradictory tensions and conflicts generated among these three value clusters define the central normative issues posed by business operations. While both economizing and ecologizing are antientropic and therefore life-supporting, power augmentation, which negates (...)
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  45.  41
    One Voice? or Many?William C. Frederick - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (3):575-579.
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  46.  62
    Mysticism versus Philosophy in earlier Islamic History: The Al–Tūsi, Al–Qūnawi correspondence: WILLIAM C. CHITTICK.William C. Chittick - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (1):87-104.
    To say ‘mysticism versus philosophy’ in the context of Islamic civilization means something far different from what it has come to signify in the West, where many philosophers have looked upon mysticism as the abandonment of any attempt to reconcile religious data with intelligent thought. Certainly the Muslim mystics and philosophers sometimes display a certain mutual opposition and antagonism, but never does their relationship even approach incompatibility.
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  47. Notes for a Third Millennial Manifesto.William C. Frederick - 2000 - Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (1):159-167.
    Business ethics in the new millennium will confront both new and old questions that are being transformed by the changed pace and direction of human evolution. These questions embrace human nature, values, inquiring methods, technological change, geopolitics, natural disasters, and the moral role of business in all of these. The emergence and acceptance of technosymbolic phenomena may signal a slow transition of carbon-based human life toward greater dependence upon silicon-based virtualities across a wide range ofhuman possibilities. The resultant moral issues (...)
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  48.  17
    The Singularity of our Inhabited World: William Whewell and A. R. Wallace in Dissent.William C. Heffernan - 1978 - Journal of the History of Ideas 39 (1):81.
  49.  24
    One Voice? or Many?William C. Frederick - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (3):575-579.
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  50. Teleology and the logical structure of function statements.William C. Wimsatt - 1972 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 3 (1):1-80.
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