Results for 'William A. Reiners'

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  1.  28
    Philosophical foundations for the practices of ecology.William A. Reiners - 2010 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Jeffrey Alan Lockwood.
    Ecologists use a remarkable range of methods and techniques to understand complex, inherently variable, and functionally diverse entities and processes across a staggering range of spatial, temporal and interactive scales. These multiple perspectives make ecology very different to the exemplar of science often presented by philosophers. In Philosophical Foundations for the Practices of Ecology, designed for graduate students and researchers, ecology is put into a new philosophical framework that engages with this inherent pluralism while still placing constraints on the ways (...)
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  2.  88
    Management of Intersex: A Shifting Paradigm.Bruce E. Wilson & William G. Reiner - 1998 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (4):360-369.
  3.  29
    Duty and inclination: the fundamentals of morality discussed and redefined with special regard to Kant and Schiller.Hans Reiner - 1983 - Hingham, MA: Distributors, Kluwer Boston.
    The preceding Preface, which Professor William Frankena had the great kindness to write as an introduction for the readers of the present English translation of my major work, still requires several supplementary com­ ments on my part. Professor Frankena rightly considered it to be an advan­ tage to introduce the English-speaking world to my moral philosophy through its presentation in this book. As an introduction to my moral philosophy, Professor Frankena provided a concise formulation of the fun­ damental ideas (...)
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  4.  4
    The Public Realm: Essays on Discursive Types in Political Philosophy.Reiner Schürmann (ed.) - 1988 - State University of New York Press.
    This book offers a collection of essays in contemporary political philosophy from a wide range of Continental viewpoints. The authors include some of the most prominent European and European-oriented philosophers and political thinkers of our day. Two sections out of four focus on the debate between prescriptive and descriptive types of political thinking. On the prescriptive or normative side, Karl-Otto Apel, Robert Paul Wolff, Robert Spaemann, Hans Jonas, and Jean-Francois Lyotard discuss current forms of legitimating political life via some ultimate (...)
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  5.  32
    Parts of me: Identity-relevance moderates self-prioritization.Marius Golubickis, Johanna K. Falbén, Nerissa S. P. Ho, Jie Sui, William A. Cunningham & C. Neil Macrae - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 77:102848.
  6.  25
    Hierarchical Brain Systems Support Multiple Representations of Valence and Mixed Affect.Vincent Man, Hannah U. Nohlen, Hans Melo & William A. Cunningham - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (2):124-132.
    We review the psychological literature on the organization of valence, discussing theoretical perspectives that favor a single dimension of valence, multiple valence dimensions, and positivity and negativity as dynamic and flexible properties of mental experience that are contingent upon context. Turning to the neuroscience literature that spans three levels of analysis, we discuss how positivity and negativity can be represented in the brain. We show that the evidence points toward both separable and overlapping brain systems that support affective processes depending (...)
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  7.  32
    Cell phone-induced failures of visual attention during simulated driving.David L. Strayer, Frank A. Drews & William A. Johnston - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 9 (1):23.
  8.  12
    Considerations of Mutual Exchange in Prosocial Decision-Making.Suraiya Allidina, Nathan L. Arbuckle & William A. Cunningham - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10:455577.
    Research using economic decision-making tasks has established that direct reciprocity plays a role in prosocial decision-making: people are more likely to help those who have helped them in the past. However, less is known about how considerations of mutual exchange influence decisions even when the other party’s actions are unknown and direct reciprocity is therefore not possible. Using a two-party economic task in which the other’s actions are unknown, study 1 shows that prosociality critically depends on the potential for mutual (...)
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  9.  38
    Estlund’s Promising Account of Democratic Authority.David Copp, Gerald Gaus, Henry S. Richardson, William A. Edmundson, David Estlund & Edward Slingerland - 2011 - Ethics 121 (2):301-334.
    David Estlund’s Democratic Authority develops a novel doctrine of “normative consent,” according to which the nonconsent of those with a duty to consent is null. This article suggests that this doctrine can be defended by confining it to contexts involving consent to an authority, which raise distinctive normative challenges, but argues that Estlund’s attempt to deploy the doctrine fails, for it does not provide convincing reasons to think that citizens have any duty to consent. In closing, the article suggests that (...)
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  10.  9
    Evolution education in the American South: culture, politics, and resources in and around Alabama.Christopher D. Lynn, Amanda L. Glaze, William A. Evans & Laura K. Reed (eds.) - 2017 - New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This volume reaches beyond the controversy surrounding the teaching and learning of evolution in the United States, specifically in regard to the culture, politics, and beliefs found in the Southeast. The editors argue that despite a deep history of conflict in the region surrounding evolution, there is a wealth of evolution research taking place—from biodiversity in species to cultural evolution and human development. In fact, scientists, educators, and researchers from around the United States have found their niche in the South, (...)
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  11.  19
    Recursively Enumerable Classes and Their Application to Recursive Sequences of Formal Theories.Marian Boykan Pour-el, Hilary Putnam, William A. Howard & A. H. Lachlan - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (1):155-156.
  12.  35
    Ancient Education.J. W. L. Adams & William A. Smith - 1956 - Philosophical Quarterly 6 (23):188.
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  13.  10
    History of the Mongolian People's Republic. Volume 3, the Contemporary Period.Paul Hyer, B. Shirendev, M. Sanjdorj, William A. Brown & Urgunge Onon - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (3):320.
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  14.  37
    Clinical ethics in the veterans health administration.James E. Reagan, Karen J. Lomax & William A. Nelson - 1997 - HEC Forum 9 (2):120-128.
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  15.  18
    Origins of emotional consciousness.Hans L. Melo, Timothy R. Koscik, Thalia H. Vrantsidis, Georgia Hathaway & William A. Cunningham - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  16. IN THIS F-1 I:/> tn.Thin Kpiece, Steven L. Peck, Robert M. Schaible, John Teehan, Frank E. Budenholzer & William A. Durbin - 2003 - Zygon 38:202.
     
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  17.  20
    Schizophrenic language: An ephemeron hiding an ephemeron.James C. Mancuso, Theodore R. Sarbin & William A. Heerdt - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (4):605-607.
  18.  52
    Embedding AI in society: ethics, policy, governance, and impacts.Michael Pflanzer, Veljko Dubljević, William A. Bauer, Darby Orcutt, George List & Munindar P. Singh - 2023 - AI and Society 38 (4):1267-1271.
  19.  16
    On Collectionwise Normality of Locally Compact, Normal Spaces.Gary Gruenhage, Peter J. Nyikos, William G. Fleissner, Alan Dow, Franklin D. Tall, William A. R. Weiss & Zoltan Balogh - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (3):443.
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  20.  25
    Modality-specific imagery and associative learning in the deaf and hearing.James R. K. Heinen, William A. Stock & Deborah Tharinger - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (5):462-464.
  21.  54
    Review of William A. Galston: Liberal Purposes: Goods, Virtues, and Diversity in the Liberal State[REVIEW]William A. GALSTON - 1993 - Ethics 103 (2):393-397.
    This book is a major contribution to the current theory of liberalism by an eminent political theorist. It challenges the views of such theorists as Rawls, Dworkin, and Ackerman who believe that the essence of liberalism is that it should remain neutral concerning different ways of life and individual conceptions of what is good or valuable. Professor Galston argues that the modern liberal state is committed to a distinctive conception of the human good, and to that end has developed characteristic (...)
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  22. By William A. Dembski.William A. Dembski - unknown
    I have before me a letter dated January 5, 2000 from Bradford Wilson, the executive director of the NAS. It begins, “I really enjoyed your contribution to the recent symposium in the January issue of First Things, so much so that I’ve also decided to invite you to join the NAS. Many of your fellow contributors including Robert George, Jeffrey Satinover, and Father Neuhaus are among our current members, and I think you’d find it well worth your while if you (...)
     
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  23. The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man. By Arthur Child.H. Frankfort, H. A. Frankfort, John A. Wilson, Thorkild Jacobsen & William A. Irwin - 1947 - Ethics 58 (2):149-151.
     
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  24.  35
    Cosmopolitan Altruism*: WILLIAM A. GALSTON.William A. Galston - 1993 - Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (1):118-134.
    This essay focuses on what I shall call “cosmopolitan altruism”—the motivationally effective desire to assist needy or endangered strangers. Section I describes recent research that confirms the existence of this phenomenon. Section II places it within interlocking sets of moral typologies that distinguish among forms of altruism along dimensions of scope, interests risked, motivational source, and baseline of moral judgment. Section III explores some of the relationships between altruism—a concept rooted in modern moral philosophy and Christianity—and the understanding of virtue (...)
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  25.  13
    The labelled container: Conceptual development of social group representations.Rebekah A. Gelpi, Suraiya Allidina, Daniel Hoyer & William A. Cunningham - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    Pietraszewski contends that group representations that rely on a “containment metaphor” fail to adequately capture phenomena of group dynamics such as shifts in allegiances. We argue, in contrast, that social categories allow for computationally efficient, richly structured, and flexible group representations that explain some of the most intriguing aspects of social group behaviour.
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  26.  31
    SUNY series in Constructive Postmodern Thought David Ray Griffin, series editor.David Ray Griffin, David Ray Griflin, William A. Beardslee, Joe Holland, Huston Smith, Robert Inchausti, David W. Orr, John B. Cobb Jr, Marcus P. Ford & Pete Ay Gunter - 2003 - In Timothy E. Eastman & Henry Keeton (eds.), Physics and Whitehead: Quantum, Process, and Experience. Albany, USA: State University of New York Press.
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  27.  39
    Book Reviews Section 2.Paul H. Mattingly, Paul C. Violas, Joseph N. Rathnau, Philip Reed Rulon, Robert Gallacher, Michael B. Campbell, Clara P. Mcmahon, Gerald L. Caplan, Arthur Brown, Nathaniel L. Champlin, Carlton H. Bowyer & William A. Proefriedt - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (3):155-163.
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  28.  12
    William Empson and the Philosophy of Literary Criticism.A. D. Nuttall, Christopher Norris & William Empson - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (117):380.
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  29.  15
    Deliberative control is more than just reactive: Insights from sequential sampling models.Hyuna Cho, Yi Yang Teoh, William A. Cunningham & Cendri A. Hutcherson - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e116.
    Activating relevant responses is a key function of automatic processes in De Neys's model; however, what determines the order or magnitude of such activation is ambiguous. Focusing on recently developed sequential sampling models of choice, we argue that proactive control shapes response generation but does not cleanly fit into De Neys's automatic-deliberative distinction, highlighting the need for further model development.
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  30.  25
    Verbal control of an autonomic response in a cue reversal situation.William W. Grings, Anne M. Schell & Cheryl A. Carey - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (2):215.
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  31.  7
    A structural criterion for recursive enumeration without repetition.Marian Boykan Pour-El & William A. Howard - 1964 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 10 (8):105-114.
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  32.  29
    Democracy’s Discontent: America in Search of a Public Philosophy.William A. Galston - 1996 - Filosofie En Praktijk 18 (3):210-210.
  33. Tractatio de praecognitionibus et praecognitis ; and, Tractatio de demonstratione.Galileo Galilei, W. F. Edwards, William A. Wallace & Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze - 1988 - Padova: Editrice Antenore. Edited by W. F. Edwards, William A. Wallace & Galileo Galilei.
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  34.  13
    Annual Meeting of the History of Science Society, 27-30 December 1988.Joan L. Richards, Shirley A. Roe, Michael M. Sokal, Albert Moyer & William A. Wallace - 1989 - Isis 80 (3):469-478.
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  35. The intelligibility of nature: a William A. Wallace reader.William A. Wallace - 2023 - Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press. Edited by John Hittinger, Michael W. Tkacz & Daniel C. Wagner.
    The intelligibility of nature was a persistent theme of William A. Wallace, OP, one of the most prolific Catholic scholars of the late twentieth century. This Reader aims to make available a representative selection of his work in the history of science, natural philosophy, and theology illustrating his defense and development of this central theme. Wallace is among the most important Galileo scholars of the past fifty years and a key figure in the recent revival of scientific realism. Further, (...)
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  36.  23
    Keeping small cities beautiful: Measuring quality of community life in nonmetropolitan cities.Edward J. Blakely, Gala Rinaldi, Howard Schutz, Martin Zone, Philip P. Osterli, Jewell L. Meyer, William A. Dost, Michael Gorvad, Donald G. Addis & Gary A. Beall - 1977 - In Vincent Stuart (ed.), Order. [New York]: Random House.
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  37.  16
    Leo Strauss, the Straussians, and the Study of the American Regime.Kenneth L. Deutsch, John A. Murley, George Anastaplo, Hadley Arkes, Larry Arnhart, Laurence Berns With Eva Brann, Mark Blitz, Aryeh Botwinick, Christopher A. Colmo, Joseph Cropsey, Kenneth Deutsch, Murray Dry, Robert Eden, Miriam Galston, William A. Galston, Gary D. Glenn, Harry Jaffa, Charles Kesler, Carnes Lord, John A. Marini, Eugene Miller, Will Morrisey, John Murley, Walter Nicgorski, Susan Orr, Ralph Rossum, Gary J. Schmitt, Abram Shulsky, Gregory Bruce Smith, Ronald Terchek & Michael Zuckert - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Responding to volatile criticisms frequently leveled at Leo Strauss and those he influenced, the prominent contributors to this volume demonstrate the profound influence that Strauss and his students have exerted on American liberal democracy and contemporary political thought. By stressing the enduring vitality of classic books and by articulating the theoretical and practical flaws of relativism and historicism, the contributors argue that Strauss and the Straussians have identified fundamental crises of modernity and liberal democracy.
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  38.  10
    Carbachol-elicited mouse killing by rats: Circadian rhythm and dose response.Daniel J. Lonowski, Robert A. Levitt & William A. Dickinson - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 6 (6):601-604.
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  39.  35
    Our Science Must Establish Itself.Stefan Reiners - 2020 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 10 (1):234-253.
    Often denied scientific status, Völkerpsychologie was set forth as a psychological program endeavoring to find insights into the structure and content of the ‘mind’ of social groups, especially ‘peoples’, which were regarded as the prototypical manifestation of those groups. This article examines how Moritz Lazarus and Heymann Steinthal’s nineteenth-century Völkerpsychologie came to be regarded as having the status of a science, by analyzing its scientific program. I claim that these founders of Völkerpsychologie developed a moderate methodological materialism by embracing a (...)
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  40.  40
    Do Formal Advance Directives Affect Resuscitation Decisions and the Use of Resources for Seriously Ill Patients?Joan M. Teno, Joanne Lynn, Russell S. Phillips, Donald Murphy, Stuart J. Youngner, Paul Bellamy, Alfred F. Connors Jr, Norman A. Desbiens, William Fulkerson & William A. Knaus - 1994 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (1):23-30.
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  41. Virtuous vs. utilitarian artificial moral agents.William A. Bauer - 2020 - AI and Society (1):263-271.
    Given that artificial moral agents—such as autonomous vehicles, lethal autonomous weapons, and automated financial trading systems—are now part of the socio-ethical equation, we should morally evaluate their behavior. How should artificial moral agents make decisions? Is one moral theory better suited than others for machine ethics? After briefly overviewing the dominant ethical approaches for building morality into machines, this paper discusses a recent proposal, put forward by Don Howard and Ioan Muntean (2016, 2017), for an artificial moral agent based on (...)
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  42.  11
    . A Treatise on the Accentuation of the Twenty-One So-Called Prose Books of the Old Testament, with a Facsimile of a Page of the Codex Assigned to Ben Asher in Aleppo.C. A. & William Wickes - 1888 - American Journal of Philology 9 (1):103.
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  43.  25
    Book reviews. [REVIEW]Michael J. Almeida, Robert D. Valin, Marc Moens, Johan M. Lammens, William A. Foley & Colin Renfrew - 1994 - Minds and Machines 4 (1):103-128.
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  44. A weaker condition for transitivity in probabilistic support.William A. Roche - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (1):111-118.
    Probabilistic support is not transitive. There are cases in which x probabilistically supports y , i.e., Pr( y | x ) > Pr( y ), y , in turn, probabilistically supports z , and yet it is not the case that x probabilistically supports z . Tomoji Shogenji, though, establishes a condition for transitivity in probabilistic support, that is, a condition such that, for any x , y , and z , if Pr( y | x ) > Pr( y (...)
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  45.  76
    AI Assistants and the Paradox of Internal Automaticity.William A. Bauer & Veljko Dubljević - 2019 - Neuroethics 13 (3):303-310.
    What is the ethical impact of artificial intelligence assistants on human lives, and specifically how much do they threaten our individual autonomy? Recently, as part of forming an ethical framework for thinking about the impact of AI assistants on our lives, John Danaher claims that if the external automaticity generated by the use of AI assistants threatens our autonomy and is therefore ethically problematic, then the internal automaticity we already live with should be viewed in the same way. He takes (...)
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  46.  16
    School-Based Policies: Nutrition and Physical Activity.Dexter Louie, Eduardo J. Sanchez, Sean Faircloth & William A. Dietz - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (S4):73-75.
    In spite of laws in many states regulating the nutritional content of foods and the availability of “junk food” and soda, a 2001 Surgeon General’s Report indicated that 15% to 20% of the nation’s children are overweight or obese. In areas that are predominately Hispanic and African American, the numbers rise to between 40% and 50%. Although there are continuing efforts to educate the adult population, many school systems and public health jurisdictions have had little impact on the rising numbers (...)
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  47.  17
    A case study of institutional collaboration to enhance knowledge use: Restructuring practitioner-researcher dialogue in education.William E. Bickel & Rosemary A. Hattrup - 1991 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 4 (4):56-78.
  48. A definition of consciousness.Aj Reiners - 1995 - Gregorianum 76 (3):535-554.
    La nature de la conscience est au centre de la discussion actuelle sur la personne humaine. Bien que certains philosophes fassent de la conscience la clef fondamentale et de toute l'épistémologie, la plupart des scientifiques la réduisent aux intéractions complexes du cerveau. Le présent article tire sa matière de l'analyse que saint Thomas d'Aquin fait de cette notion dans son De Veritate . Il caractérise la conscience en termes de connaissance et d'application de la connaissance à l'agir. L'A. cherche à (...)
     
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  49. An Argument for the Extrinsic Grounding of Mass.William A. Bauer - 2011 - Erkenntnis 74 (1):81-99.
    Several philosophers of science and metaphysicians claim that the dispositional properties of fundamental particles, such as the mass, charge, and spin of electrons, are ungrounded in any further properties. It is assumed by those making this argument that such properties are intrinsic, and thus if they are grounded at all they must be grounded intrinsically. However, this paper advances an argument, with one empirical premise and one metaphysical premise, for the claim that mass is extrinsically grounded and is thus an (...)
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  50.  27
    Bochenski on the Structure of Schemes of Doctrines: WILLIAM A. CHRISTIAN.William A. Christian - 1977 - Religious Studies 13 (2):203-219.
    My object is to suggest some ways of amplifying and applying Bochenski's account, 1 in order to bring out its value for philosophical investigation of the doctrines of particular religious communities.
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