Results for 'Willem Jm Levelt'

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  1. Lyn Frazier, Maria nella Carminati, Anne E. cook, Helen Majewski and Keith Rayner (university of massachusetts) semantic evaluation of syntactic structure: Evidence from eye movements, b53–b62 Andrea Weber (saarland university), Martine Grice (university of cologne) and Matthew W. Crocker (saarland university). [REVIEW]Tania Lombrozo, Susan Carey, Joana Cholin, Willem Jm Levelt, Niels O. Schiller, Rebecca J. Woods & Teresa Wilcox - 2006 - Cognition 99:385-387.
  2. A theory of lexical access in speech production.Willem J. M. Levelt, Ardi Roelofs & Antje S. Meyer - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):1-38.
    Preparing words in speech production is normally a fast and accurate process. We generate them two or three per second in fluent conversation; and overtly naming a clear picture of an object can easily be initiated within 600 msec after picture onset. The underlying process, however, is exceedingly complex. The theory reviewed in this target article analyzes this process as staged and feedforward. After a first stage of conceptual preparation, word generation proceeds through lexical selection, morphological and phonological encoding, phonetic (...)
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  3.  17
    On Empirical Methodology, Constraints, and Hierarchy in Artificial Grammar Learning.Willem J. M. Levelt - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (3):942-956.
    Levelt, reviewing the AGL field from a psycholinguistic perspective, identifies various gaps and makes a number of concrete suggestions for improving several currently used experimental designs. He raises the question whether artificial (and natural) grammar learning is about detecting ‘rules’, as is commonly assumed, or rather the detection of a set of ‘constraints’. He cautions the community to not ignore ‘semantics’, and recommends to consider less artificial tasks, that may be needed for learning more complex rules by human or (...)
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  4.  46
    Accessing words in speech production: Stages, processes and representations.Willem J. M. Levelt - 1992 - Cognition 42 (1-3):1-22.
  5.  38
    Multiple perspectives on word production.Willem J. M. Levelt, Ardi Roelofs & Antje S. Meyer - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):61-69.
    The commentaries provide a multitude of perspectives on the theory of lexical access presented in our target article. We respond, on the one hand, to criticisms that concern the embeddings of our model in the larger theoretical frameworks of human performance and of a speaker's multiword sentence and discourse generation. These embeddings, we argue, are either already there or naturally forgeable. On the other hand, we reply to a host of theory-internal issues concerning the abstract properties of our feedforward spreading (...)
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  6.  25
    The perceptual loop theory not disconfirmed: A reply to MacKay.Willem J. M. Levelt - 1992 - Consciousness and Cognition 1 (3):226-230.
    In his paper, MacKay reviews his Node Structure theory of error detection, but precedes it with a critical discussion of the Perceptual Loop theory of self-monitoring proposed in Levelt . The present commentary is concerned with this latter critique and shows that there are more than casual problems with MacKay's argumentation.
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  7.  17
    The time course of lexical access in speech production: A study of picture naming.Willem J. Levelt, Herbert Schriefers, Dirk Vorberg & Antje S. Meyer - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (1):122-142.
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  8.  17
    Déjà vu?Willem J. M. Levelt - 1981 - Cognition 10 (1-3):187-192.
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  9.  38
    Do speakers have access to a mental syllabary?Willem J. M. Levelt & Linda Wheeldon - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):239-269.
  10.  14
    Normal and deviant lexical processing: Reply to Dell and O'Seaghdha (1991).Willem J. Levelt, Herbert Schriefers, Dirk Vorberg & Antje S. Meyer - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (4):615-618.
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  11.  26
    Lexical search and order of mention in sentence production.Willem Levelt & Ben Maasen - 1981 - In W. Klein & W. Levelt (eds.), Crossing the Boundaries in Linguistics. Reidel. pp. 221--252.
  12.  15
    Accessing words in speech production: Stages, processes and representations.Willem J. M. Levelt - 1992 - Cognition 42 (1-3):1-22.
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  13.  9
    Accessing words in speech production: Stages, processes and representations.Willem J. M. Levelt - 1992 - Cognition 42 (1-3):1-22.
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  14.  26
    The brain does not serve linguistic theory so easily.Willem J. M. Levelt - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):40-41.
    It is a major move from the claim that the core linguistic problem in Broca's aphasia is the inability to deal with traces, to the claim that this is the syntactic operation only and that it is exclusively supported by Broca's region. Three arguments plead against this move. First, many Broca patients have no damage to Broca's area. Second, it is not only passive, but also active jabberwocky sentences that activate the frontal operculum in a judgment task. Third, the same (...)
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  15.  9
    Zur sprachlichen Abbildung des Raumes: Deiktische und intrinsische Perspektive.Willem J. M. Levelt - 1986 - In Hans G. Bosshardt (ed.), Perspektiven Auf Sprache: Interdisziplinäre Beiträge Zum Gedenken an Hans Hörmann. De Gruyter. pp. 187-211.
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  16.  39
    Relations of lexical access to neural implementation and syntactic encoding.Willem J. M. Levelt, Antje S. Meyer & Ardi Roelofs - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):299-301.
    How can one conceive of the neuronal implementation of the processing model we proposed in our target article? In his commentary (Pulvermüller 1999, reprinted here in this issue), Pulvermüller makes various proposals concerning the underlying neural mechanisms and their potential localizations in the brain. These proposals demonstrate the compatibility of our processing model and current neuroscience. We add further evidence on details of localization based on a recent meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies of word production (Indefrey & Levelt 2000). We (...)
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  17.  15
    Is the syllable frame stored?Willem J. M. Levelt & Niels O. Schiller - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):520-520.
    This commentary discusses whether abstract metrical frames are stored. For stress-assigning languages (e.g., Dutch and English), which have a dominant stress pattern, metrical frames are stored only for words that deviate from the default stress pattern. The majority of the words in these languages are produced without retrieving any independent syllabic or metrical frame.
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  18.  18
    Perceptual uniqueness point effects in monitoring internal speech.Rebecca Özdemir, Ardi Roelofs & Willem J. M. Levelt - 2007 - Cognition 105 (2):457-465.
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  19.  54
    Merging speech perception and production.Antje S. Meyer & Willem J. M. Levelt - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):339-340.
    A comparison of Merge, a model of comprehension, and WEAVER, a model of production, raises five issues: merging models of comprehension and production necessarily creates feedback; neither model is a comprehensive account of word processing; the models are incomplete in different ways; the models differ in their handling of competition; as opposed to WEAVER, Merge is a model of metalinguistic behavior.
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  20.  23
    Viewing and naming objects: eye movements during noun phrase production.Antje S. Meyer, Astrid M. Sleiderink & Willem J. M. Levelt - 1998 - Cognition 66 (2):B25-B33.
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  21.  54
    Effects of semantic context in the naming of pictures and words.Markus F. Damian, Gabriella Vigliocco & Willem J. M. Levelt - 2001 - Cognition 81 (3):B77-B86.
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  22.  47
    Semantic distance effects on object and action naming.Gabriella Vigliocco, David P. Vinson, Markus F. Damian & Willem Levelt - 2002 - Cognition 85 (3):B61-B69.
  23.  55
    A case for the lemma/lexeme distinction in models of speaking: Comment on Caramazza and Miozzo (1997).Ardi Roelofs, Antje S. Meyer & Willem J. M. Levelt - 1998 - Cognition 69 (2):219-230.
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  24.  18
    Editors' Review and Introduction: Learning Grammatical Structures: Developmental, Cross‐Species, and Computational Approaches.Carel ten Cate, Judit Gervain, Clara C. Levelt, Christopher I. Petkov & Willem Zuidema - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (3):804-814.
    Artificial grammar learning (AGL) is used to study how human adults, infants, animals or machines learn various sorts of rules defined over sounds or visual items. Ten Cate et al. introduce the topic and provide a critical synthesis of this important interdisciplinary area of research. They identify the questions that remain open and the challenges that lie ahead, and argue that the limits of human, animal and machine learning abilities have yet to be found.
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  25.  29
    Lexical access in the production of pronouns.Bernadette M. Schmitt, Antje S. Meyer & Willem J. M. Levelt - 1999 - Cognition 69 (3):313-335.
  26.  13
    Foundations and methods from mathematics to neuroscience: essays inspired by Patrick Suppes.Colleen Crangle, Adolfo García de la Sienra & Helen E. Longino (eds.) - 2014 - Stanford: CSLI Publications.
    During his long and continuing scholarly career, Patrick Suppes contributed significantly both to the sciences and to their philosophies. The volume consists of papers by an international group of Suppes colleagues, collaborators, and students in many of the areas of his expertise, building on or adding to his insights. Michael Friedman offers an overview of Suppes accomplishments and of his unique perspective on the relation between science and philosophy. Paul Humphreys, Stephen Hartmann, and Tom Ryckman present essays in the philosophy (...)
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  27. Chomsky vis-a-vis the Methodology of Science.Thomas Johnston - manuscript
    (1) In the first part of this paper, I review Chomsky's meandering journey from the formalism/mentalism of Syntactic Structures, through several methodological positions, to the minimalist theory of his latest work. Infected with mentalism from first to last, each and every position vitiates Chomsky's repeated claims that his theories will provide useful guidance to later theories in such fields as cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience. With the guidance of his insights, he claims, psychologists and neuroscientists will be able to avoid (...)
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  28. A new resolution of the Judy Benjamin Problem.Igor Douven & Jan-Willem Romeijn - 2011 - Mind 120 (479):637 - 670.
    A paper on how to adapt your probabilisitc beliefs when learning a conditional.
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  29. The classical model of science: A millennia-old model of scientific rationality.Willem R. de Jong & Arianna Betti - 2010 - Synthese 174 (2):185-203.
    Throughout more than two millennia philosophers adhered massively to ideal standards of scientific rationality going back ultimately to Aristotle’s Analytica posteriora . These standards got progressively shaped by and adapted to new scientific needs and tendencies. Nevertheless, a core of conditions capturing the fundamentals of what a proper science should look like remained remarkably constant all along. Call this cluster of conditions the Classical Model of Science . In this paper we will do two things. First of all, we will (...)
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  30.  11
    Combining rules and dialogue: exploring stakeholder perspectives on preventing sexual boundary violations in mental health and disability care organizations.Jan-Willem Weenink, Roland Bal, Guy Widdershoven, Eva van Baarle & Charlotte Kröger - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-12.
    BackgroundSexual boundary violations in healthcare are harmful and exploitative sexual transgressions in the professional–client relationship. Persons with mental health issues or intellectual disabilities, especially those living in residential settings, are especially vulnerable to SBV because they often receive long-term intimate care. Promoting good sexual health and preventing SBV in these care contexts is a moral and practical challenge for healthcare organizations.MethodsWe carried out a qualitative interview study with 16 Dutch policy advisors, regulators, healthcare professionals and other relevant experts to explore (...)
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  31. Epistemic Diversity and Editor Decisions: A Statistical Matthew Effect.Remco Heesen & Jan-Willem Romeijn - 2019 - Philosophers' Imprint 19.
    This paper offers a new angle on the common idea that the process of science does not support epistemic diversity. Under minimal assumptions on the nature of journal editing, we prove that editorial procedures, even when impartial in themselves, disadvantage less prominent research programs. This purely statistical bias in article selection further skews existing differences in the success rate and hence attractiveness of research programs, and exacerbates the reputation difference between the programs. After a discussion of the modeling assumptions, the (...)
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  32. Conditioning and Interpretation Shifts.Jan-Willem Romeijn - 2012 - Studia Logica 100 (3):583-606.
    This paper develops a probabilistic model of belief change under interpretation shifts, in the context of a problem case from dynamic epistemic logic. Van Benthem [4] has shown that a particular kind of belief change, typical for dynamic epistemic logic, cannot be modelled by standard Bayesian conditioning. I argue that the problems described by van Benthem come about because the belief change alters the semantics in which the change is supposed to be modelled: the new information induces a shift in (...)
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  33. Relata-specific relations: A response to Vallicella.Jan Willem Wieland & Arianna Betti - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (4):509-524.
    According to Vallicella's 'Relations, Monism, and the Vindication of Bradley's Regress' (2002), if relations are to relate their relata, some special operator must do the relating. No other options will do. In this paper we reject Vallicella's conclusion by considering an important option that becomes visible only if we hold onto a precise distinction between the following three feature-pairs of relations: internality/externality, universality/particularity, relata-specificity/relata-unspecificity. The conclusion we reach is that if external relations are to relate their relata, they must be (...)
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  34.  40
    Intervention and Identifiability in Latent Variable Modelling.Jan-Willem Romeijn & Jon Williamson - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (2):243-264.
    We consider the use of interventions for resolving a problem of unidentified statistical models. The leading examples are from latent variable modelling, an influential statistical tool in the social sciences. We first explain the problem of statistical identifiability and contrast it with the identifiability of causal models. We then draw a parallel between the latent variable models and Bayesian networks with hidden nodes. This allows us to clarify the use of interventions for dealing with unidentified statistical models. We end by (...)
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  35.  89
    Participation and Superfluity.Jan Willem Wieland & Rutger van Oeveren - 2020 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 17 (2):163-187.
    Why act when the effects of one’s act are negligible? For example, why boycott sweatshop or animal products if doing so makes no difference for the better? According to recent proposals, one may still have a reason to boycott in order to avoid complicity or participation in harm. Julia Nefsky has argued that accounts of this kind suffer from the so-called “superfluity problem,” basically the question of why agents can be said to participate in harm if they make no difference (...)
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  36.  26
    Participation and Degrees.Jan Willem Wieland - 2022 - Utilitas 34 (1):39-56.
    What's wrong with joining corona parties? In this article, I defend the idea that reasons to avoid such parties come in degrees. I approach this issue from a participation-based perspective. Specifically, I argue that the more people are already joining the party, and the more likely it is that the virus will spread among everyone, the stronger the participation-based reason not to join. In defense of these degrees, I argue that they covary with the expression of certain attitudes.
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  37. Is Justification Dialectical?Jan Willem Wieland - 2013 - International Journal for the Study of Skepticism 3 (3):182-201.
    Much of present-day epistemology is divided between internalists and externalists. Different as these views are, they have in common that they strip justification from its dialectical component in order to block the skeptic’s argument from disagreement. That is, they allow that one may have justified beliefs even if one is not able to defend it against challenges and resolve the disagreements about them. Lammenranta (2008, 2011a) recently argued that neither internalism nor externalism convinces if we consider the argument in its (...)
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  38. Educational inequality and state-sponsored elite education: the case of the Dutch gymnasium.Michael Merry & Willem Boterman - 2020 - Comparative Education 56 (4):522-546.
    In this paper we examine the role the Dutch gymnasium continues to play in the institutional maintenance of educational inequality. To that end we examine the relational and spatial features of state-sponsored elite education in the Dutch system: the unique identity the gymnasium seeks to cultivate; its value to its consumers; its geographic significance; and its market position amidst a growing array of other selective forms of schooling. We argue that there is a strong correlation between a higher social class (...)
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  39.  91
    Does observational knowledge require metaknowledge? A dialogue on Sellars.Timm Triplett & Willem deVries - 2007 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 15 (1):23 – 51.
    In the following dialogue between TT - a foundationalist - and WdeV - a Sellarsian, we offer our differing assessments of the principle for observational knowledge proposed in Wilfrid Sellars's 'Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind'. Sellars writes: 'For a Konstatierung "This is green" to "express observational knowledge", not only must it be a symptom or sign of the presence of a green object in standard conditions, but the perceiver must know that tokens of "This is green" are symptoms of (...)
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  40.  25
    Toward a “Post-Posthuman Dignity Area” in Evaluating Emerging Enhancement Technologies.Annelien L. Bredenoord, Rieke van der Graaf & Johannes Jm van Delden - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):55-57.
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  41. Christian leadership in 'another country' : contributing to an ethical development agenda in South Africa today.Steve de Gruchy & Willem Ellis - 2008 - In Steve De Gruchy, Nico Koopman & S. Strijbos (eds.), From our side: emerging perspectives on development and ethics. South Africa: UNISA Press.
     
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  42.  59
    Hypotheses and inductive predictions.Jan-Willem Romeijn - 2004 - Synthese 141 (3):333 - 364.
    This paper studies the use of hypotheses schemes in generatinginductive predictions. After discussing Carnap–Hintikka inductive logic,hypotheses schemes are defined and illustrated with two partitions. Onepartition results in the Carnapian continuum of inductive methods, the otherresults in predictions typical for hasty generalization. Following theseexamples I argue that choosing a partition comes down to making inductiveassumptions on patterns in the data, and that by choosing appropriately anyinductive assumption can be made. Further considerations on partitions makeclear that they do not suggest any solution (...)
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  43.  55
    The Foundations of Mathematics a Study in the Philosophy of Science.Evert Willem Beth - 1959 - Amsterdam, Netherlands: Harper & Row.
  44.  17
    Individual and social deliberation: Introduction.Jan-Willem Romeijn & Olivier Roy - 2015 - Economics and Philosophy 31 (1):1-2.
    Deliberation is the process through which we decide what do to, or what to believe. When we think about what to do, we are engaged in practical deliberation. Theoretical deliberation is when we think about what to believe, or about which judgement to make.
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  45.  20
    The scientifization of culture: thoughts of a physicist on the techno-scientific revolution and the laws of progress.Cornelis Willem Rietdijk - 1994 - Assen: Van Gorcum. Edited by H. J. Eysenck.
    Chapter The Triumph of Reason; Anticipating the Bio- Technetronic Civilization I believe information technology is at the basis of a new age of civilization ...
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  46.  20
    Materials for an Edition and Study of the Piṇḍa- and Ohanijjuttis of the Śvet'mbara Jain TraditionThe Nijjuttis on the Seniors of the Śvet'mbara Siddh'nta, Āyāranga, Dasaveyāliya, Uttarajjhāyā and Sūyagaḍa: Text and Selective GlossaryMaterials for an Edition and Study of the Pinda- and Ohanijjuttis of the Svetambara Jain TraditionThe Nijjuttis on the Seniors of the Svetambara Siddhanta, Ayaranga, Dasaveyaliya, Uttarajjhaya and Suyagada: Text and Selective Glossary.L. R., Willem B. Bollée & Willem B. Bollee - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (1):152.
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  47. Tested to the breaking point: Postmodernity in modernity.Willem van Reijen - 2000 - In Willem van Reijen & Willem G. Weststeijn (eds.), Subjectivity. Atlanta, GA: Rodopi.
     
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  48. Rules Regresses.Jan Willem Wieland - 2011 - AGPC 2010 Proceedings:79-92.
    Is the content of our thoughts determined by norms such as ‘if I know that p, then I ought to believe that p’? Glüer & Wikforss (2009a) set forth a regress argument for a negative answer. The aim of this paper is to clarify and evaluate this argument. In the first part I show how it (just like an argument from Wittgenstein 1953) can be taken as an instance of an argument schema. In the second part, I evaluate the relevant (...)
     
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  49.  13
    Combinatory reduction systems.Jan Willem Klop - 1980 - Amsterdam: Mathematisch centrum.
  50. Sceptical Rationality.Jan Willem Wieland - 2014 - Analytic Philosophy 55 (1):222-238.
    It is widely assumed that it is rational to suspend one’s belief regarding a certain proposition only if one’s evidence is neutral regarding that proposition. In this paper I broaden this condition, and defend, on the basis of an improved ancient argument, that it is rational to suspend one’s belief even if the available evidence is not neutral – or even close to neutral.
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