Results for 'Walter J. Schroyens'

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  1.  73
    The processing of negations in conditional reasoning: A meta-analytic case study in mental model and/or mental logic theory.Walter J. Schroyens, Walter Schaeken & Géry D'Ydewalle - 2001 - Thinking and Reasoning 7 (2):121-172.
    We present a meta-analytic review on the processing of negations in conditional reasoning about affirmation problems (Modus Ponens: “MP”, Affirmation of the Consequent “AC”) and denial problems (Denial of the Antecedent “DA”, and Modus Tollens “MT”). Findings correct previous generalisations about the phenomena. First, the effects of negation in the part of the conditional about which an inference is made, are not constrained to denial problems. These inferential-negation effects are also observed on AC. Second, there generally are reliable effects of (...)
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  2. The processing of negations in conditional reasoning: A meta-analytic case study in mental model and/or mental logic theory.Walter J. Schroyens, Walter Schaeken & G. - 2001 - Thinking and Reasoning 7 (2):121 – 172.
    We present a meta-analytic review on the processing of negations in conditional reasoning about affirmation problems (Modus Ponens: "MP", Affirmation of the Consequent "AC") and denial problems (Denial of the Antecedent "DA", and Modus Tollens "MT"). Findings correct previous generalisations about the phenomena. First, the effects of negation in the part of the conditional about which an inference is made, are not constrained to denial problems. These inferential-negation effects are also observed on AC. Second, there generally are reliable effects of (...)
     
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  3.  16
    Perspectivism.Walter J. Thompson - 1994 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 68 (4):451-473.
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  4. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word.Walter J. Ong - 1983 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 16 (4):270-271.
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  5.  66
    The presence of the word: some prolegomena for cultural and religious history.Walter J. Ong - 1967 - Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Terry Lectures. A religious philosopher's exploration of the nature and history of the word argues that the word is initially and always sound, that it cannot be reduced to any other category, and that sound is essentially an event manifesting power and personal presence. His analysis of the development of verbal expression, from oral sources through the transfer to the visual world and to contemporary means of electronic communication, shows that the predicament of the human word is the predicament of (...)
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  6. Consciousness, Intentionality, and Causality.Walter J. Freeman - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (11-12):11-12.
    According to behavioural theories deriving from pragmatism, gestalt psychology, existentialism, and ecopsychology, knowledge about the world is gained by intentional action followed by learning. In terms of the neurodynamics described here, if the intending of an act comes to awareness through reafference, it is perceived as a cause. If the consequences of an act come to awareness through proprioception and exteroception, they are perceived as an effect. A sequence of such states of awareness comprises consciousness, which can grow in complexity (...)
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  7.  9
    Interfaces of the word: studies in the evolution of consciousness and culture.Walter J. Ong - 1977 - Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
    In Interfaces of the World, Walter J. Ong explores the effects on consciousness of the word as it moves through oral to written to print and electronic culture.
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  8.  40
    Ramus, method, and the decay of dialogue.Walter J. Ong - 1958 - New York,: Octagon Books.
    Considered the most important work of Walter Ong's career, Ramus, Method, and the Decay of Dialogue is an elegant review of the history of Ramist scholarship ...
  9.  39
    Chaotic dynamics versus representationalism.Walter J. Freeman & Christine A. Skarda - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (1):167-168.
  10. Representations: Who needs them?Walter J. Freeman & Christine A. Skarda - 1990 - In J. McGaugh, Jerry Weinberger & G. Lynch (eds.), Brain Organization and Memory. Guilford Press.
     
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  11.  11
    NeuroEthics and the BRAIN Initiative: Where Are We? Where Are We Going?Walter J. Koroshetz, Jackie Ward & Christine Grady - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 11 (3):140-147.
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  12. The Presence of the Word.Walter J. Ong - 1967 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 1 (2):124-125.
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  13.  2
    Convergences in Recent Democratic Theory.Walter J. Adamson - 1989 - Theory and Society 18 (1):125.
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  14. The conscience of science and other essays.Walter J. Albersheim - 1982 - San Jose, Calif.: Supreme Grand Lodge of Amorc, Print. and Pub. Dept..
  15.  72
    Ramus, method, and the decay of dialogue: from the art of discourse to the art of reason.Walter J. Ong - 1983 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Renaissance logician, philosopher, humanist, and teacher, Peter Ramus (1515-72) is best known for his attack on Aristotelian logic, his radical pedagogical theories, and his new interpretation for the canon of rhetoric. His work, published in Latin and translated into many languages, has influenced the study of Renaissance literature, rhetoric, education, logic, and--more recently--media studies. Considered the most important work of Walter Ong's career, Ramus, Method, and the Decay of Dialogue is an elegant review of the history of Ramist scholarship (...)
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  16. Interfaces of the Word: Studies in the Evolution of Consciousness and Culture.Walter J. Ong - 1977 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 11 (4):282-289.
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  17. The Presence of the Word.Walter J. Ong - 1967 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 1 (2):125-128.
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  18.  8
    Fighting for life: contest, sexuality, and consciousness.Walter J. Ong - 1981 - Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.
  19.  9
    Relationships between Nondeterministic and Deterministic Tape Complexities.Walter J. Savitch - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):346-347.
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  20. Nonlinear neurodynamics of intentionality.Walter J. Freeman - 1997 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 18 (2-3):291-304.
    Study of electroencephalographic brain activity in behaving animals has guided development of a model for the self-organization of goal-directed behavior. Synthesis of a dynamical representation of brain function is based in the concept of intentionality as the organizing principle of animal and human behavior. The constructions of patterns of brain activity constitute meaning and not information or representations. The three accepted meanings of intention: "aboutness," goal-seeking, and wound healing, can be incorporated into the dynamics of meaningful behavior, centered in the (...)
     
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  21.  8
    A History of Muslim Historiography.Walter J. Fischel & Franz Rosenthal - 1955 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 75 (3):202.
  22.  23
    Unconscious word-stem completion priming in a mirror-masking paradigm☆.Walter J. Perrig & Doris Eckstein - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (2):257-277.
    The aim of this study was to investigate unconscious priming by the use of a spatial mirror-masking paradigm. Words and nonwords with no under-length letters are mirrored at their horizontal axis. The results are figures of geometric-like forms that contain letters in their upper part. In the three experiments reported in this study, a priming procedure used such mirrored words and nonwords as primes. Participants were ignorant of the nature of the construction of the stimuli. Perceptual reports of the participants (...)
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  23. The Moral Conditions of Economic Efficiency.Walter J. Schultz - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    In the late eighteenth century, Adam Smith significantly shaped the modern world by claiming that when people individually pursue their own interests, they are together led towards achieving the common good. But can a population of selfish people achieve the economic common good in the absence of moral constraints on their behavior? If not, then what are the moral conditions of market interaction which lead to economically efficient outcomes of trade? Answers to these questions profoundly affect basic concepts and principles (...)
     
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  24.  39
    Restoring to cognition the forgotten primacy of action, intention and emotion.Walter J. Freeman & Rafael Núñez - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (11-12):11-12.
    Introduction to Special Issue on ‘Reclaiming Cognition: The Primacy of Action, Intention and Emotion’. Making sense of the mind is the human odyssey. Today, the cognitive sciences provide the vehicles and equipage. As do all culturally shaped activities, they manifest crystallized generalizations and ideological legacies, many of which go unquestioned for centuries. From time to time, these ideologies are successfully challenged, generating revisions and new forms of understanding. We believe that the cognitive sciences have reached a situation in which they (...)
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  25.  55
    Causation, dispositions, and physical occasionalism.Walter J. Schultz & Lisanne D'Andrea-Winslow - 2017 - Zygon 52 (4):962-983.
    Even though theistic philosophers and scientists agree that God created, sustains, and providentially governs the physical universe and even though much has been published in general regarding divine action, what is needed is a fine-grained, conceptually coherent account of divine action, causation, dispositions, and laws of nature consistent with divine aseity, satisfying the widely recognized adequacy conditions for any account of dispositions.1 Such an account would be a basic part of a more comprehensive theory of divine action in relation to (...)
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  26.  40
    Human Rights Without Political Participation?Walter J. Riker - 2014 - Human Rights Review 15 (4):369-390.
    John Rawls claims that “benevolent absolutisms” honor human rights without honoring political participation rights. Critics argue that he is mistaken. One objection appeals to the instrumental value of political participation rights. This objection holds that without political participation rights, individuals cannot secure the content of their rights against encroachment. Given this, individuals without political participation rights cannot be said to have rights at all. Here, I evaluate this instrumental objection. I identify three ways of relating political participation rights to human (...)
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  27.  21
    Dynamic systems and the “subsymbolic level”.Walter J. Freeman - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):33-34.
  28.  58
    Local-global interactions and the role of mesoscopic (intermediate-range) elements in brain dynamics.Walter J. Freeman & Robert Kozma - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):401-401.
    A unifing theory of spatiotemporal brain dynamics should incorporate multiple spatial and temporal scales. Between the microscopic (local) and macroscopic (global) components proposed by Nunez, mesoscopic (intermediate-range) elements should be integral parts of models. The corresponding mathematical formalism requires tools of nonlinear dynamics and the use of aperiodic (chaotic) attractors. Some relations between local-mesoscopic and mesoscopic-global components are outlined.
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  29.  32
    The behavior-cognition link is well done; the cognition-brain link needs more work.Walter J. Freeman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):42-43.
    Thelen et al. have a strong case for linking behavior with mind through nonrepresentational dynamics. Their case linking mind with brain is less compelling. Modified avenues are proposed for further exploration: greater emphasis on the dynamics of perception; use of chaotic instead of deterministic dynamics with noise; and use of intentionality instead of motivation, taking advantage of its creative dynamics to model genesis of goal-directed behaviors.
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  30.  85
    Societies of brains: Walter Freeman in conversation with Jean Burns.Walter J. Freeman & J. Burns - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (2):172-180.
    [opening paragraph]: Walter Freeman discusses with Jean Burns some of the issues relating to consciousness in his recent book. Burns: To understand consciousness we need know its relationship to the brain, and to do that we need to know how the brain processes information. A lot of people think of brain processing in terms of individual neurons, and you're saying that brain processing should be understood in terms of dynamical states of populations?
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  31. How brains make chaos in order to make sense of the world.Christine A. Skarda & Walter J. Freeman - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (2):161-173.
  32. From allegory to diagram in the renaissance mind: A study in the significance of the allegorical tableau.Walter J. Ong - 1959 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 17 (4):423-440.
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  33.  3
    The Arts Compared: An Aspect of Eighteenth-Century British Aesthetics.Walter J. Hipple - 1976 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 34 (3):345-346.
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  34. Rhetoric, Romance, and Technology.Walter J. Ong - 1973 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 6 (1):59-61.
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  35.  18
    Making Undocumented Immigrants into a Legitimate Political Subject: Theoretical Observations from the United States and France.Walter J. Nicholls - 2013 - Theory, Culture and Society 30 (3):82-107.
    Over the last 20 years, the global North has witnessed the growing prominence of immigrant rights movements. This article examines how this highly stigmatized population has achieved a certain degree of legitimacy in hostile political environments. The central claim of the article is that this kind of legitimacy is initially achieved through the efforts of activists to represent undocumented immigrants in ways that resonate with the normative values of the nation. The author examines how activist networks are formed to present (...)
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  36. The Formal Complexity of Natural Language.Walter J. Savitch, Emmon Bach, William Marsh & Gila Savran-Naveh - 1991 - Studia Logica 50 (1):172-174.
  37.  7
    Another intriguing data bank for use in testing culture-related hypotheses.Walter J. Lonner - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):27-28.
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  38.  16
    Prospects for a Postmodern Christian Theology: Apocalyptic Without Reserve.Walter J. Lowe - 1999 - Modern Theology 15 (1):17-24.
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  39.  9
    On the homeobox and its significance.Walter J. Gehring - 1986 - Bioessays 5 (1):1-4.
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  40.  67
    Multiple explanations in Darwinian evolutionary theory.Walter J. Bock - 2009 - Acta Biotheoretica 58 (1):65-79.
    Variational evolutionary theory as advocated by Darwin is not a single theory, but a bundle of related but independent theories, namely: (a) variational evolution; (b) gradualism rather than large leaps; (c) processes of phyletic evolution and of speciation; (d) causes for the formation of varying individuals in populations and for the action of selective agents; and (e) all organisms evolved from a common ancestor. The first four are nomological-deductive explanations and the fifth is historical-narrative. Therefore evolutionary theory must be divided (...)
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  41.  31
    Aristotle.Walter J. Thompson - 1994 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 68:109-124.
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  42.  9
    Philosophical abstracts.Walter J. Thompson - 1994 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 68 (4):703-723.
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  43.  18
    Control of Human Behavior, Mental Processes, and Consciousness: Essays in Honor of the 60th Birthday of August Flammer.Walter J. Perrig & Alexander Grob (eds.) - 2000 - Erlbaum.
    Contents: PART I BASIC ASPECTS AND VARIETIES OF CONTROL: - Emotion, Cognition, and Control: Limits of Intentionality - Self-Efficacy: The Foundation of Agency - The Orchestration of Selection, Optimization and Compensation: An Action-Theoretical Conceptualization of a Theory of Developmental Regulation - Freedom of the Will -- the Basis of Control. PART II CONSCIOUS, AUTOMATIC, AND CONTROLLED PROCESSES: - Automatic and Controlled Uses of Memory in Social Judgments - Are Controlled Processes Conscious? - Intuition and Levels of Control: The Non-Rational Way (...)
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  44.  11
    The effect of alternating views of the test object on vernier and stereoscopic acuities.Walter J. Richards - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (6):376.
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  45.  20
    The Complicity Objection and the Return of Prescriptions.Walter J. Riker - 2015 - Southwest Philosophy Review 31 (1):207-216.
    On the moderate view, an objecting pharmacist may refuse to fill a prescription, provided that the pharmacist then refers the client to a non-objecting pharmacist who will fill the prescription in a timely manner (see, e.g., Cantor and Baum, 2004, or Brock, 2008). This view seeks to balance the interests of the pharmacist and the interests of the client. The complicity objection holds that the moderate view fails to balance these interests, because the referral itself makes the objecting pharmacist complicit (...)
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  46.  18
    Toward Limits on Diversity in Press Freedom.Walter J. Riker - 2014 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 21 (2):1-13.
    Some argue that at least some non-liberal, non-democratic societies deserve fiill and good standing in the international community. These arguments imply that some divergence in understanding the role of the press is also justified and should be tolerated. But what are the limits of diversity here? I begin to find these limits by considering John Rawls's "decent" societies in the context of Amartya Sen's work on famine. Sen claims that a free press plays an important role in famine prevention. After (...)
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  47.  16
    Brain neural activity patterns yielding numbers are operators, not representations.Walter J. Freeman & Robert Kozma - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):336.
  48.  30
    Consciousness as physiological self-organizing process.Walter J. Freeman - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (4):604-605.
  49.  31
    Deconstruction of neural data yields biologically implausible periodic oscillations.Walter J. Freeman - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):458-459.
  50.  13
    Experimental demonstration of “shunting networks,” the “sigmoid function,” and “adaptive resonance” in the olfactory system.Walter J. Freeman - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (4):665.
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