Results for 'W��ndi Bruine de Bruin'

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  1.  19
    New Perspectives for Motivating Better Decisions in Older Adults.JoNell Strough, Wändi Bruine de Bruin & Ellen Peters - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  2.  10
    Negative Decision Outcomes Are More Common Among People with Lower Decision-Making Competence: An Item-Level Analysis of the Decision Outcome Inventory.Andrew M. Parker, Wändi Bruine de Bruin & Baruch Fischhoff - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  3.  30
    Boekbesprekingen.J. De Fraine, J.-M. Tison, P. Smulders, A. Poncelet, L. Bakker, J. Mulders, J. Vanneste, P. Van Doornik, M. De Wachter, P. De Bruin, A. Houben, P. Grootens, J. Vercruysse, W. Boelens, P. Fransen, E. De Strycker, C. Verhaak, F. De Graeve, H. Van Luijk, M. De Tollenaere, J. Nota, H. Wewerinke, L. Vander Kerken, F. Cuvelier, F. Bossuyt, J. Allary, J. Kerkhofs & J. Wernink - 1964 - Bijdragen 25 (4):421-452.
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  4.  15
    Derek W STRIJBOS Radboud University Nijmegen Leon C. de BRUIN Ruhr—University of Bochum.Reason Attribution - 2012 - Grazer Philosophische Studien, Vol. 86-2012 86:157 - 180.
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  5.  68
    Making Folk Psychology Explicit: The Relevance of Robert Brandom’s Philosophy for the Debate on Social Cognition.Derek W. Strijbos & Leon C. de Bruin - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (1):139-163.
    One of the central explananda in the debate on social cognition is the interpretation of other people in terms of reasons for action. There is a growing dissatisfaction among participants in the debate concerning the descriptive adequacy of the traditional belief-desire model of action interpretation. Applying this model as an explanatory model at the subpersonal level threatens to leave the original explanandum largely unarticulated. Against this background we show how Brandom’s deontic scorekeeping model can be used as a valuable descriptive (...)
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  6.  75
    Folk Psychology Without Principles: An Alternative to the Belief–Desire Model of Action Interpretation.Leon C. de Bruin & Derek W. Strijbos - 2010 - Philosophical Explorations 13 (3):257-274.
    In this paper, we take issue with the belief?desire model of second- and third-person action interpretation as it is presented by both theory theories and cognitivist versions of simulation theory. These accounts take action interpretation to consist in the (tacit) attribution of proper belief?desire pairs that mirror the structure of formally valid practical inferences. We argue that the belief?desire model rests on the unwarranted assumption that the interpreter can only reach the agent's practical context of action through inference. This assumption (...)
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  7. Framing Effects in Surveys: How Respondents Make Sense of the Questions We Ask.W. Bruine de Bruin - 2011 - In Gideon Keren (ed.), Perspectives on Framing. Psychology Press.
     
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  8.  79
    Universal Belief-Desire Psychology? A Dilemma for Theory Theory and Simulation Theory.Derek W. Strijbos & Leon C. de Bruin - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (5):744-764.
    In this article we take issue with theory theory and simulation theory accounts of folk psychology committed to (i) the belief-desire (BD) model and (ii) the assumption of universality (AU). Recent studies cast doubt on the compatibility of these commitments because they reveal considerable cross-cultural differences in folk psychologies. We present both theory theory and simulation theory with the following dilemma: either (i) keep the BD-model as an account of the surface properties of specific explicit folk psychologies and give up (...)
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  9.  23
    Boekbespekingen.I. de la Potterie, I. de la Porterie, P. Smulders, P. Ploumen, P. Fransen, L. Monden, C. Sträter, J. Van Torre, P. Grootens, A. V. Kol, A. Snoeck, J. Rietmeyer, J. Mulders, J. De Munter, P. van Doornik, J. Crick, J. Rupert, R. Loyens, F. Malmberg, S. Trooster, R. Hostie, J. Nota, A. Poncelet, L. Vander Kerken, W. Couturier, P. de Bruin, L. Jansen, J. Peeters, A. De Pelsemaeker & A. Deblaere - 1955 - Bijdragen 16 (1):91-116.
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  10.  20
    Boekbesprekingen.F. De Meyer, P. C. Beentjes, Hanneke Reuling, Marcel Poorthuis, Martin Parmentier, G. J. Bruins, Marc Schneiders, J. Kerkhofs, Th M. Loran, W. G. Tillmans, P. Schoonenberg, Marie-José van Bolhuis, Jan Kerkhofs, Ger Groot, André Cloots, Hans Goddijn, J. Besemer & Johan G. Hahn - 1989 - Bijdragen 50 (2):210-230.
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  11.  17
    Reason Attribution Without Belief-Desire Ascription.Derek W. Strijbos & Leon C. de Bruin - 2012 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 86 (1):157-180.
  12. A Perspective on Implementation of Technology-Driven Exergames for Adults as Telerehabilitation Services.Cécil J. W. Meulenberg, Eling D. de Bruin & Uros Marusic - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    A major concern of public health authorities is to also encourage adults to be exposed to enriched environments during the pandemic lockdown, as was recently the case worldwide during the COVID-19 outbreak. Games for adults that require physical activity, known as exergames, offer opportunities here. In particular, the output of the gaming industry nowadays offers computer games with extended reality which combines real and virtual environments and refers to human-machine interactions generated by computers and wearable technologies. For example, playing the (...)
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  13.  12
    Boekbesprekingen.I. de la Potterie, P. Smulders, M. Dierickx, P. Ploumen, F. Malmberg, J. Van Torre, P. Fransen, A. L. Vandenbunder, J. De Munter, P. Grootens, A. van Kol, A. Snoeck, E. Vandenbussche, P. van Doornik, E. Huffer, W. Couturier, L. Steins B., L. Vander Kerken, A. Poncelet, M. de Tollenaere & P. de Bruin - 1954 - Bijdragen 15 (2):201-232.
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  14.  13
    Boekbesprekingen.I. De la Potterie, J. De Fraine, P. Fransen, L. Rood, P. Smulders, J. De Munter, C. Sträter, S. Trooster, R. Leys, A. Van Kol, J. Beyer, J. Nota, P. Ploumen, P. Grootens, J. Rupert, E. Vandenbussche, J. Houben, L. Vander Kerken, E. Huffer, F. De Raedemaeker, L. Vänder Kerken, P. De Bruin, L. Steins Bisschop, M. De Tollenaere, P. Virenque, A. Poncelet, J. Kijm, G. De Leeuw, W. Smet & H. Zwetsloot - 1954 - Bijdragen 15 (1):79-116.
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  15.  12
    Boekbesprekingen.J. De Fraine, H. Renckens, I. de la Potterie, F. Malmberg, P. Ploumen, P. Smulders, P. Fransen, E. J. Vandenbussche, Al De Bil, H. Geurtsen, J. Nota, E. Vandenbussche, J. Kijm, J. Houben, L. Steins Bisschop, J. Rupert, F. Bertiau, M. Dierickx, A. V. Kol, A. Snoeck, P. de Bruin & W. Couturier - 1952 - Bijdragen 13 (4):436-456.
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  16.  23
    Boekbesprekingen.P. Huizing, J. Beyer, A. van Kol, S. Trooster, P. Fransen, F. De Raedemaeker, H. Geurtsen, J. De Munter, J. Nota, P. de Bruin, L. Steins Bisschop, M. De Tollenaere, A. Poncelet, W. Couturier, L. Vander Kerken, A. Snoeck, F. Malmberg, A. Kuylaars, A. Raignier, Fr Elliot, E. Huffer, M. Dierickx, J. Rupert, R. Leijs, J. Houben, J. VanderMeersch, E. J. Vandenbussche, J. De Fraine, I. de la Potterie, P. Smulders, P. Ploumen, J. Van Torre, H. Somers, C. Sträter & E. Vandenbussche - 1952 - Bijdragen 13 (1):76-116.
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  17. Explaining Games: The Epistemic Programme in Game Theory.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2010 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    Contents. Introduction. 1. Preliminaries. 2. Normal Form Games. 3. Extensive Games. 4. Applications of Game Theory. 5. The Methodology of Game Theory. Conclusion. Appendix. Bibliography. Index. Does game theory—the mathematical theory of strategic interaction—provide genuine explanations of human behaviour? Can game theory be used in economic consultancy or other normative contexts? Explaining Games: The Epistemic Programme in Game Theory—the first monograph on the philosophy of game theory—is an attempt to combine insights from epistemic logic and the philosophy of science to (...)
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  18.  18
    The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition.Albert Newen, Leon De Bruin & Shaun Gallagher - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    4E cognition (embodied, embedded, enactive, and extended) is a relatively young and thriving field of interdisciplinary research. It assumes that cognition is shaped and structured by dynamic interactions between the brain, body, and both the physical and social environments. -/- With essays from leading scholars and researchers, The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition investigates this recent paradigm. It addresses the central issues of embodied cognition by focusing on recent trends, such as Bayesian inference and predictive coding, and presenting new insights, (...)
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  19.  21
    Epistemic Injustice in Finance.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2021 - Topoi 40 (4):755-763.
    This article applies philosophical work on epistemic injustice and cognate concepts to study gender and racial disparity in financial markets. Members of disadvantaged groups often receive inferior financial services. In most jurisdictions, it is illegal to provide discriminatorily disparate treatment to groups defined by gender and skin colour. Racial disparity in financial services is generally considered to be discriminatory. The standard view among most regulators is that gender disparity is not discriminatory, though. Through an analysis of various exemplary cases, I (...)
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  20.  3
    Project Management for Phds.Jeanine de Bruin - 2010 - Eleven International.
    Only a small percentage of PhD students manage to complete their PhD thesis on time. How can a student plan his/her PhD program in such a way that it will be completed within a set period? Project Management for PhDs shows how to plan and manage a PhD program, no matter how complex and unique the project may be. The writing process receives special attention, as it has been proven to be one of the most important factors in delaying PhD (...)
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  21.  7
    Ethics and the Global Financial Crisis: Why Incompetence is Worse Than Greed.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this topical book, Boudewijn de Bruin examines the ethical 'blind spots' that lay at the heart of the global financial crisis. He argues that the most important moral problem in finance is not the 'greed is good' culture, but rather the epistemic shortcomings of bankers, clients, rating agencies and regulators. Drawing on insights from economics, psychology and philosophy, de Bruin develops a novel theory of epistemic virtue and applies it to racist and sexist lending practices, subprime mortgages, (...)
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  22.  71
    Response to de Bruin and Gallagher: Embodied Simulation as Reuse is a Productive Explanation of a Basic Form of Mind-Reading.Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (2):99-100.
    de Bruin & Gallagher suggest that the view of embodied simulation put forward in our recent article lacks explanatory power. We argue that the notion of reuse of mental states represented with a bodily format provides a convincing simulational account of the mirroring mechanism and its role in mind -reading.
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  23. Liberal and Republican Freedom.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2009 - Journal of Political Philosophy 17 (4):418-439.
    This paper argues that liberal freedom (non-interference) is epistemologically prior to republican freedom (non-domination). I start investigate three relations between liberal and republican freedom: (i) Logical Equivalence, or the question whether republican freedom entails liberal freedom (and vice versa); (ii) Degree Supervenience, or whether changes in the degree (amount, quantity) of republican freedom are mirrored by changes in the degree of liberal freedom (and vice versa); and (iii) Epistemological Priority, that is, whether knowledge about arrangements of republican freedom presupposes knowledge (...)
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  24. The Liberal Value of Privacy.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2010 - Law and Philosophy 29 (5):505-534.
    This paper presents an argument for the value of privacy that is based on a purely negative concept of freedom only. I show that privacy invasions may decrease a person’s negative freedom as well as a person’s knowledge about the negative freedom she possesses. I argue that not only invasions that lead to actual interference, but also invasions that lead to potential interference (many cases of identity theft) constitute actual harm to the invadee’s liberty interests, and I critically examine the (...)
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  25.  84
    Executive Functions in Decision Making: An Individual Differences Approach.Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Timo Mäntylä & Fabio Del Missier - 2010 - Thinking and Reasoning 16 (2):69-97.
    This individual differences study examined the relationships between three executive functions (updating, shifting, and inhibition), measured as latent variables, and performance on two cognitively demanding subtests of the Adult Decision Making Competence battery: Applying Decision Rules and Consistency in Risk Perception. Structural equation modelling showed that executive functions contribute differentially to performance in these two tasks, with Applying Decision Rules being mainly related to inhibition and Consistency in Risk Perception mainly associated to shifting. The results suggest that the successful application (...)
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  26. Dynamic Embodied Cognition.Leon C. de Bruin & Lena Kästner - 2012 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 11 (4):541-563.
    Abstract In this article, we investigate the merits of an enactive view of cognition for the contemporary debate about social cognition. If enactivism is to be a genuine alternative to classic cognitivism, it should be able to bridge the “cognitive gap”, i.e. provide us with a convincing account of those higher forms of cognition that have traditionally been the focus of its cognitivist opponents. We show that, when it comes to social cognition, current articulations of enactivism are—despite their celebrated successes (...)
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  27.  15
    The Development and Validation of the Epistemic Vice Scale.Marco Meyer, Mark Alfano & Boudewijn de Bruin - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-28.
    This paper presents two studies on the development and validation of a ten-item scale of epistemic vice and the relationship between epistemic vice and misinformation and fake news. Epistemic vices have been defined as character traits that interfere with acquiring, maintaining, and transmitting knowledge. Examples of epistemic vice are gullibility and indifference to knowledge. It has been hypothesized that epistemically vicious people are especially susceptible to misinformation and conspiracy theories. We conducted one exploratory and one confirmatory observational survey study on (...)
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  28.  58
    Self-Interpretation as First-Person Mindshaping: Implications for Confabulation Research.Derek Strijbos & Leon de Bruin - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (2):297-307.
    It is generally acknowledged that confabulation undermines the authority of self-attribution of mental states. But why? The mainstream answer is that confabulation misrepresents the actual state of one’s mind at some relevant time prior to the confabulatory response. This construal, we argue, rests on an understanding of self-attribution as first-person mindreading. Recent developments in the literature on folk psychology, however, suggest that mental state attribution also plays an important role in regulating or shaping future behaviour in conformity with normative expectations. (...)
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  29.  76
    How Agency Can Solve Interventionism’s Problem of Circularity.Victor Gijsbers & Leon de Bruin - 2014 - Synthese 191 (8):1-17.
    Woodward’s interventionist theory of causation is beset by a problem of circularity: the analysis of causes is in terms of interventions, and the analysis of interventions is in terms of causes. This is not in itself an argument against the correctness of the analysis. But by requiring us to have causal knowledge prior to making any judgements about causation, Woodward’s theory does make it mysterious how we can ever start acquiring causal knowledge. We present a solution to this problem by (...)
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  30.  8
    Advertising Energy Saving Programs: The Potential Environmental Cost of Emphasizing Monetary Savings.Daniel Schwartz, Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Baruch Fischhoff & Lester Lave - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 21 (2):158-166.
  31. Epistemic Vice Predicts Acceptance of Covid-19 Misinformation.Marco Meyer, Mark Alfano & Boudewijn De Bruin - manuscript
    Why are mistaken beliefs about Covid-19 so prevalent? Political identity, education and other demographic variables explain only a part of individual differences in the susceptibility to Covid-19 misinformation. This paper focuses on another explanation: epistemic vice. Epistemic vices are character traits that interfere with acquiring, maintaining, and transmitting knowledge. If the basic assumption of vice epistemology is right, then people with epistemic vices such as indifference to the truth or rigidity in their belief structures will tend to be more susceptible (...)
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  32.  42
    How Direct is Social Perception?John Michael & Leon De Bruin - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:373-375.
  33.  21
    Student Academic Dishonesty: What Do Academics Think and Do, and What Are the Barriers to Action?Adele Thomas & GideonP De Bruin - 2012 - African Journal of Business Ethics 6 (1):13.
    The aims of the study were to explore the awareness of and attitudes towards student academic dishonesty at a South African university, and to explore perceived personal and institutional barriers to taking action against such dishonesty. All full-time academic staff at the University of Johannesburg were anonymously surveyed during late 2009. The findings indicated a high level of awareness of student academic dishonesty, with few faculty members taking action against it. Four groups of barriers to preventing and acting on student (...)
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  34.  87
    Philosophy of Money and Finance.Boudewijn De Bruin, Lisa Maria Herzog, Martin O'Neill & Joakim Sandberg - 2018 - In Edward Zalta (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Palo Alto: Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University.
  35. Game Theory in Philosophy.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2005 - Topoi 24 (2):197-208.
    Game theory is the mathematical study of strategy and conflict. It has wide applications in economics, political science, sociology, and, to some extent, in philosophy. Where rational choice theory or decision theory is concerned with individual agents facing games against nature, game theory deals with games in which all players have preference orderings over the possible outcomes of the game. This paper gives an informal introduction to the theory and a survey of applications in diverse branches of philosophy. No criticism (...)
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  36.  59
    Epistemic Virtues in Business.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (4):583-595.
    This paper applies emerging research on epistemic virtues to business ethics. Inspired by recent work on epistemic virtues in philosophy, I develop a view in which epistemic virtues contribute to the acquisition of knowledge that is instrumentally valuable in the realisation of particular ends, business ends in particular. I propose a conception of inquiry according to which epistemic actions involve investigation, belief adoption and justification, and relate this to the traditional ‘justified true belief’ analysis of knowledge. I defend the view (...)
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  37.  52
    An Association Account of False Belief Understanding.L. C. De Bruin & Albert Newen - 2012 - Cognition 123 (2):240-259.
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  38. The Developmental Paradox of False Belief Understanding: A Dual-System Solution.L. C. De Bruin & A. Newen - 2014 - Synthese 191 (3).
    We explore the developmental paradox of false belief understanding. This paradox follows from the claim that young infants already have an understanding of false belief, despite the fact that they consistently fail the elicited-response false belief task. First, we argue that recent proposals to solve this paradox are unsatisfactory because they (i) try to give a full explanation of false belief understanding in terms of a single system, (ii) fail to provide psychological concepts that are sufficiently fine-grained to capture the (...)
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  39.  17
    Saving the armchair by experiment: what works in economics doesn’t work in philosophy.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (8):2483-2508.
    Financial incentives, learning, group consultation, and increased experimental control are among the experimental techniques economists have successfully used to deflect the behavioral challenge posed by research conducted by such scholars as Tversky and Kahneman. These techniques save the economic armchair to the extent that they align laypeople judgments with economic theory by increasing cognitive effort and reflection in experimental subjects. It is natural to hypothesize that a similar strategy might work to address the experimental or restrictionist challenge to armchair philosophy. (...)
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  40.  12
    Striking the Right Chord: Moving Music Increases Psychological Transportation and Behavioral Intentions.Madelijn Strick, Hanka L. de Bruin, Linde C. de Ruiter & Wouter Jonkers - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 21 (1):57-72.
  41.  29
    Does Confabulation Pose a Threat to First-Person Authority? Mindshaping, Self-Regulation and the Importance of Self-Know-How.Leon de Bruin & Derek Strijbos - 2020 - Topoi 39 (1):151-161.
    Empirical evidence suggests that people often confabulate when they are asked about their choices or reasons for action. The implications of these studies are the topic of intense debate in philosophy and the cognitive sciences. An important question in this debate is whether the confabulation studies pose a serious threat to the possibility of self-knowledge. In this paper we are not primarily interested in the consequences of confabulation for self-knowledge. Instead, we focus on a different issue: what confabulation implies for (...)
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  42.  22
    Promoting Protection Against a Threat That Evokes Positive Affect: The Case of Heat Waves in the United Kingdom.Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Carmen E. Lefevre, Andrea L. Taylor, Suraje Dessai, Baruch Fischhoff & Sari Kovats - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 22 (3):261-271.
  43.  16
    The Neural Implementation of Surgical Expertise Within the Mirror-Neuron System: An fMRI Study.Ellen Kok, Anique B. De Bruin, Koos van Geel, Andreas Gegenfurtner, Ide Heyligers & Bettina Sorger - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  44.  72
    Early Social Cognition: Alternatives to Implicit Mindreading.Leon de Bruin, Derek Strijbos & Marc Slors - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):499-517.
    According to the BD-model of mindreading, we primarily understand others in terms of beliefs and desires. In this article we review a number of objections against explicit versions of the BD-model, and discuss the prospects of using its implicit counterpart as an explanatory model of early emerging socio-cognitive abilities. Focusing on recent findings on so-called ‘implicit’ false belief understanding, we put forward a number of considerations against the adoption of an implicit BD-model. Finally, we explore a different way to make (...)
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  45. The Ethics of Cloud Computing.Boudewijn de Bruin & Luciano Floridi - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (1):21-39.
    Cloud computing is rapidly gaining traction in business. It offers businesses online services on demand (such as Gmail, iCloud and Salesforce) and allows them to cut costs on hardware and IT support. This is the first paper in business ethics dealing with this new technology. It analyzes the informational duties of hosting companies that own and operate cloud computing datacenters (e.g., Amazon). It considers the cloud services providers leasing ‘space in the cloud’ from hosting companies (e.g, Dropbox, Salesforce). And it (...)
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  46.  22
    Moral Responsibility for Large‐Scale Events: The Difference Between Climate Change and Economic Crises.Boudewijn de Bruin - 2018 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 42 (1):191-212.
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  47. Reconstructing the Minimal Self, or How to Make Sense of Agency and Ownership.Sanneke de Haan & Leon de Bruin - 2010 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (3):373-396.
    We challenge Gallagher’s distinction between the sense of ownership and the sense of agency as two separable modalities of experience of the minimal self and argue that a careful investigation of the examples provided to promote this distinction in fact reveals that SO and SA are intimately related and modulate each other. We propose a way to differentiate between the various notions of SO and SA that are currently used interchangeably in the debate, and suggest a more gradual reading of (...)
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  48.  8
    Metaphors We Learn By: Directed Motor Action Improves Word Learning.Daniel Casasanto & Angela de Bruin - 2019 - Cognition 182:177-183.
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  49.  30
    First-Person Folk Psychology: Mindreading or Mindshaping?Leon De Bruin - 2016 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 9 (1):170-183.
    Proponents of mindshaping argue that third-person folk psychology is not primarily about "reading" mental states for the purpose of behavior prediction and explanation. Instead, they claim that third-person folk psychology is first and foremost a regulative practice -- one that "shapes" mental states in accordance with the norms of a shared folk psychological framework. This paper investigates to what extent the core assumptions behind the mindshaping hypothesis are compatible with an account of first-person folk psychology that is based on the (...)
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  50. 'Information as a Condition of Justice in Financial Markets: The Regulation of Credit-Rating Agencies.Boudewijn De Bruin - 2017 - In Lisa Maria Herzog (ed.), Just Financial Markets? Finance in a Just Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 250-270.
    This chapter argues for deregulation of the credit-rating market. Credit-rating agencies are supposed to contribute to the informational needs of investors trading bonds. They provide ratings of debt issued by corporations and governments, as well as of structured debt instruments (e.g. mortgage-backed securities). As many academics, regulators, and commentators have pointed out, the ratings of structured instruments turned out to be highly inaccurate, and, as a result, they have argued for tighter regulation of the industry. This chapter shows, however, that (...)
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