Results for 'Vlasta Sikimi��'

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  1.  32
    How to Improve Research Funding in Academia? Lessons From the COVID-19 Crisis.Vlasta Sikimić - 2022 - Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics 7.
    Private funding of life sciences has been extensively criticized as lacking objectivity (e.g., Bekelman et al. 2003). However, it is also important to point out that public funding of life sciences faces many objections. In order to improve the system of publicly funded life sciences and its ability to respond to global health challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic, we should focus on several aspects. First of all, providing existential stability for researchers, in turn, could result in the decrease of (...)
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  2. Do Political Attitudes Matter for Epistemic Decisions of Scientists?Vlasta Sikimić, Tijana Nikitović, Miljan Vasić & Vanja Subotić - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 12 (4):775-801.
    The epistemic attitudes of scientists, such as epistemic tolerance and authoritarianism, play important roles in the discourse about rivaling theories. Epistemic tolerance stands for the mental attitude of an epistemic agent, e.g., a scientist, who is open to opposing views, while epistemic authoritarianism represents the tendency to uncritically accept views of authorities. Another relevant epistemic factor when it comes to the epistemic decisions of scientists is the skepticism towards the scientific method. However, the question is whether these epistemic attitudes are (...)
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  3.  4
    Modelling Efficient Team Structures in Biology.Vlasta Sikimić & Ole Herud-Sikimić - 2022 - Journal of Logic and Computation.
    We used agent-based modelling to highlight the advantages and disadvantages of several management styles in biology, ranging from centralized to egalitarian ones. In egalitarian groups, all team members are connected with each other, while in centralized ones, they are only connected with the principal investigator. Our model incorporated time constraints, which negatively influenced weakly connected groups such as centralized ones. Moreover, our results show that egalitarian groups outperform others if the questions addressed are relatively simple or when the communication among (...)
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  4.  12
    Didactic Strategies in Early Science Teaching.Vlasta Hus & Milena Ivanuš Grmek - 2011 - Educational Studies 37 (2):159-169.
    The purpose of the article is to show the results of empirical research on the prevailing teaching strategies for teaching contents of the subject environmental studies in the first triennium of the nine‐year primary school in the Republic of Slovenia. The information was obtained through a survey of 141 teachers from 60 randomly selected primary schools in the Republic of Slovenia. We found that teachers use different teaching strategies as students gain knowledge through experience, participation in education, they express their (...)
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  5.  72
    When Should We Stop Investing in a Scientific Project? The Halting Problem in Experimental Physics.Vlasta Sikimić, Sandro Radovanović & Slobodan Perovic - 2018 - In Kaja Damnjanović, Ivana Stepanović Ilić & Slobodan Marković (eds.), Proceedings of the XXIV Conference “Empirical Studies in Psychology”. Belgrade, Serbia: pp. 105-107.
    The question of when to stop an unsuccessful experiment can be difficult to answer from an individual perspective. To help to guide these decisions, we turn to the social epistemology of science and investigate knowledge inquisition within a group. We focused on the expensive and lengthy experiments in high energy physics, which were suitable for citation-based analysis because of the relatively quick and reliable consensus about the importance of results in the field. In particular, we tested whether the time spent (...)
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  6.  12
    How Theories of Induction Can Streamline Measurements of Scientific Performance.Slobodan Perović & Vlasta Sikimić - 2020 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 51 (2):267-291.
    We argue that inductive analysis and operational assessment of the scientific process can be justifiably and fruitfully brought together, whereby the citation metrics used in the operational analysis can effectively track the inductive dynamics and measure the research efficiency. We specify the conditions for the use of such inductive streamlining, demonstrate it in the cases of high energy physics experimentation and phylogenetic research, and propose a test of the method’s applicability.
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  7. Organized Innocence and Exclusion:" Nation-States" in the Aftermath of War and Collective Crime.Vlasta Jalusic - 2007 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 74 (4):1173-1200.
    This paper offers a tentative analysis of some problematic "post-totalitarian" elements that can be found in the processes of establishment of the post-Yugoslav nation-states and have their origin in the time before, during, and after the period of wars and collective crimes. "With a little help" from Arendt, it asks questions about some features of the new post-war communities and their nation-states, such as the following: Why are they based on ideologies of non-responsibility for the past and on some very (...)
     
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  8. Optimization of Scientific Reasoning: A Data-Driven Approach.Vlasta Sikimić - 2019 - Dissertation,
    Scientific reasoning represents complex argumentation patterns that eventually lead to scientific discoveries. Social epistemology of science provides a perspective on the scientific community as a whole and on its collective knowledge acquisition. Different techniques have been employed with the goal of maximization of scientific knowledge on the group level. These techniques include formal models and computer simulations of scientific reasoning and interaction. Still, these models have tested mainly abstract hypothetical scenarios. The present thesis instead presents data-driven approaches in social epistemology (...)
     
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  9.  6
    Contemporary Challenges in Moral and Legal Treatment of Animals.Vlasta Sikimić & Andrea Berber - 2016 - Belgrade Philosophical Annual 1 (29):143-155.
    The purpose of the present paper is to demonstrate the inconsistencies between ethical theory and legal practice of animal treatment. Specifically, we discuss contemporary legal solutions, based on three case studies – Serbian, German and UK positive law, and point out the inconsistencies in them. Moreover, we show that the main cause of these inconsistencies is anthropocentric view of moral relevance. Finally, when it comes to the different treatment of animals living in the wild and domestic animals, we show that (...)
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  10.  4
    Arendt, Koselleck, and Begreifen: Rethinking Politics and Concepts in Times of Crisis.Vlasta Jalušič - 2021 - Filozofski Vestnik 42 (1).
    Reinhard Koselleck has long been regarded as a particularly eminent theorist of socio-political concepts, while Hannah Arendt had not been in focus as a conceptual author until recent times. This article explores the common thinking space between Arendt and Koselleck through their thesis about the gap, rupture, crisis, or break in the tradition of political thinking and historical periods and how this is linked to their notion of conceptuality, i.e. Begreifen. Despite the impression that each of them focused on the (...)
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  11. Zlo Nemišljenja: Arendtovske Vaje V Razumevanju Posttotalitarne Dobe in Kolektivnih Zločinov.Vlasta Jalušič - 2009 - Mirovni Inštitut Za Sodobne Družbene in Politične Študije.
  12.  8
    (The) Erasure – Mass Human Rights Violation and Denial of Responsibility: The Case of Independent Slovenia. [REVIEW]Vlasta Jalušič & Jasminka Dedić - 2008 - Human Rights Review 9 (1):93-108.
    The case of the erased residents of Slovenia – when approximately 18,000 people who were mostly of Serbian, Croatian and Bosnian ethnicity, were erased from the permanent residence registry of the Republic of Slovenia – represents one of the most severe cases of administrative ethnic/racial discrimination and human rights violations in the post-communist East and Central Europe outside the conflict area. The erasure caused “civil death” of the people who were affected by the measure, depriving them of civil, political, social, (...)
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  13.  2
    Between the Social and the Political: Feminism, Citizenship and the Possibilities of an Arendtian Perspective in Eastern Europe.Vlasta Jalusic - 2002 - European Journal of Women's Studies 9 (2):103-122.
    In this article, I try to explore some of the elements of the potential for active citizenship, as conceptualized by Hannah Arendt. Inspired by, but not limited to her work, I attempt to find some important common points of the Arendtian reconceptualization of politics and the prospects for a feminist analysis of the conditions for active citizenship and gender equality within a post-socialist context. On the other hand, I would like to show how, within an East European context, the feminist (...)
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  14.  27
    Optimal Research Team Composition: Data Envelopment Analysis of Fermilab Experiments.Slobodan Perovic, Sandro Radovanović, Vlasta Sikimić & Andrea Berber - 2016 - Scientometrics 108 (1):83--111.
    We employ data envelopment analysis on a series of experiments performed in Fermilab, one of the major high-energy physics laboratories in the world, in order to test their efficiency (as measured by publication and citation rates) in terms of variations of team size, number of teams per experiment, and completion time. We present the results and analyze them, focusing in particular on inherent connections between quantitative team composition and diversity, and discuss them in relation to other factors contributing to scientific (...)
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  15.  2
    A Multi-Type Display Calculus for Dynamic Epistemic Logic.Sabine Frittella, Giuseppe Greco, Alexander Kurz, Alessandra Palmigiano & Vlasta Sikimić - 2016 - Journal of Logic and Computation 6 (26):2017–2065.
    In the present article, we introduce a multi-type display calculus for dynamic epistemic logic, which we refer to as Dynamic Calculus. The display approach is suitable to modularly chart the space of dynamic epistemic logics on weaker-than-classical propositional base. The presence of types endows the language of the Dynamic Calculus with additional expressivity, allows for a smooth proof-theoretic treatment, and paves the way towards a general methodology for the design of proof systems for the generality of dynamic logics, and certainly (...)
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  16. Experiences and Attitudes of Medical Professionals on Treatment of End-of-Life Patients in Intensive Care Units in the Republic of Croatia: A Cross-Sectional Study.Ana Borovečki, Dinko Tonković, Andrija Štajduhar, Mirjana Kujundžić Tiljak, Štefan Grosek, Mia Golubić, Bojana Nevajdić, Renata Krobot, Srđan Vranković, Jasminka Kopić, Igor Grubješić, Željko Župan, Krešimir Čaljkušić, Nenad Karanović, Višnja Nesek Adam, Zdravka Poljaković, Radovan Radonić, Tatjana Kereš, Vlasta Merc, Jasminka Peršec, Marinko Vučić & Diana Špoljar - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-13.
    BackgroundDecisions about limitations of life sustaining treatments are made for end-of-life patients in intensive care units. The aim of this research was to explore the professional and ethical attitudes and experiences of medical professionals on treatment of end-of-life patients in ICUs in the Republic of Croatia.MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted among physicians and nurses working in surgical, medical, neurological, and multidisciplinary ICUs in the total of 9 hospitals throughout Croatia using a questionnaire with closed and open type questions. Exploratory factor (...)
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  17.  10
    Učebnice Hovorového Jazyka japonskéhoUcebnice Hovoroveho Jazyka Japonskeho.A. R. Nykl, Vlasta Průšková-Novotná, Jaroslav Průšek, Vlasta Pruskova-Novotna & Jaroslav Prusek - 1942 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 62 (4):351.
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  18.  1
    A Proof-Theoretic Semantic Analysis of Dynamic Epistemic Logic.Sabine Frittella, Giuseppe Greco, Alexander Kurz, Alessandra Palmigiano & Vlasta Sikimić - 2016 - Journal of Logic and Computation 26 ( 6):1961-2015.
    The present article provides an analysis of the existing proof systems for dynamic epistemic logic from the viewpoint of proof-theoretic semantics. Dynamic epistemic logic is one of the best known members of a family of logical systems that have been successfully applied to diverse scientific disciplines, but the proof-theoretic treatment of which presents many difficulties. After an illustration of the proof-theoretic semantic principles most relevant to the treatment of logical connectives, we turn to illustrating the main features of display calculi, (...)
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  19.  99
    Some Reflections on Separatism and Power.Marilyn Frye - 1978 - Sinister Wisdom 6:30-39.
    Reprinted in French translation in the French feminist journal Vlasta, Fall (1984); in German translation in Beiträge zur Feministischen Theorie und Praxis 25 (1989); and in Swedish translation in Aktuell kvinnolitterature och Kultur 5 (3) (1991).
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  20.  10
    Debating Gender in State Socialist Women’s Magazines: The Cases of Bulgaria and Czechoslovakia.Julia Mead & Kristen Ghodsee - 2017 - History of Communism in Europe 8:17-36.
    Contrary to the accepted Cold War stereotypes about state socialist mass women’s organizations, we will show that Communist leaders were attentive to the construction of gender roles and used women’s magazines as a forum to discuss openly the changing ideals of masculinity and femininity. Through a discourse analysis of articles in Vlasta and Zhenata Dnes, our article will interrogate the categories of “man” and “woman” and their negotiation during the Communist era on the pages of official state magazines. In (...)
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