Results for 'Vladim��r Havl��k'

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  1.  14
    Evil, Omniscience and Omnipotence: R. W. K. PATERSON.R. W. K. Paterson - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (1):1-23.
    There are numerous ‘solutions’ to the problem of evil, from which theists can and do freely take their pick. It is fairly clear that any attempt at a solution must involve a scaling-down of one or more of the assertions out of whose initial conflict the problem arises – either by a downward revision of what we mean by omnipotence, or omniscience, or benevolence, or by minimizing the amount or condensing the varieties of evil actually to be found in the (...)
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  2. Philosophy by the Book.Peter R. Anstey, K. Cambell & M. Weblin - 2005 - Sydney, Australia: The Rare Books and Special Collections Library.
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  3.  13
    R. W. K. Paterson's "The Nihilistic Egoist: Max Stirner". [REVIEW]Steve R. Riskin - 1972 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (1):138.
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  4.  23
    Ontological Relativity and Other Essays. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):747-748.
    The title essay was originally presented as two lectures inaugurating the John Dewey lectures at Columbia. It is an important essay for understanding Quine's work for it brings together many themes at the center of his thinking since Word and Object. Quine quotes with approval Dewey's statement "meaning is primarily a property of behavior" and then goes on to consider a thesis which, according to Quine, is a consequence of such a behavioral theory of meaning, i.e., the thesis of the (...)
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  5.  2
    Values, Education and the Adult.R. W. K. Paterson - 1979 - Routledge.
    In this study of the main conceptual and normative issues to which the education of the adult gives rise, the author demonstrates that these issues can be understood and resolved only by coming to grips with some of the central and most contentious questions in epistemology, philosophy of mind, ethics, and social philosophy. A salient feature of the book is its searching examination of the different types of value judgement by which all educational discourse is permeated. The analysis of the (...)
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  6.  12
    Ret ve İnk'rın Kıskacındaki Nihilist Karakterler: Bazarov ve Suat.Aydemi̇r Mustafa - 2013 - Journal of Turkish Studies 8 (Volume 8 Issue 8):123-123.
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  7. Mind: An Essay on Human Feeling. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (4):755-755.
    Suzanne Langer's earlier works on the philosophy of art, particularly her Feeling and Form, are the points of departure for this general study of the phenomena of life and mind which she clearly intends to be her magnum opus. This is the first of two volumes, the second volume as yet unpublished. Her main thesis is that the "departure [of man] from the normal pattern of animal mentality is a vast and special evolution of feeling in the hominoid stock". She (...)
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  8. On the Use of Philosophy. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):527-527.
    Three short essays on the position of the philosopher and philosophy in modern society. Maritain illuminates the situation of the philosopher in a milieu of conflicting systems. The final essay, which deals with the relation of science and religion, shows evidence of a growing appreciation by Maritain of the aims of modern science.--R. H. K.
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  9.  36
    Axiomatization of the Theory of Relativity. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):748-748.
    Reichenbach wrote this book just after taking the first course Einstein ever taught on the theory of relativity. His important and influential work The Philosophy of Space and Time was written several years later and relied in part on the axiomatization of the special and general theories of relativity already worked out in this book. For special relativity Reichenbach divides his axioms into two sets, the light axioms which relate light signals to the topology and metric of time and space, (...)
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  10.  24
    An Introduction to Modal Logic. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):739-740.
    A comprehensive introduction to modal logic is long overdue and this one has many virtues. It is clearly written and should be accessible to any student who has at least one semester of basic logic and is willing to read carefully and think abstractly. The first part, on modal propositional logic, begins with a summary account of classical propositional logic, the axiomatization of Principia Mathematica being the basis for the development of modal logics throughout the book. The transition to modal (...)
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  11.  16
    Action, Emotion and Will. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (1):147-147.
    This work gives a fresh approach to the discussion of psychological phenomena in philosophical terms. Beginning with a discussion of the emotions and feelings, it works back to a theory of willing and judging. The method is analytic, and the influence of Wittgenstein and Ryle is everywhere in evidence, though in different ways: the author usually improves on what Ryle, but simply approves of what Wittgenstein, says. In the final two chapters, the theory of judgment put forward by Geach in (...)
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  12.  51
    General Investigations Concerning the Analysis of Concepts and Truths. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):559-560.
    Leibniz' General Investigations, a group of memoranda on logical and methodological matters, remained unpublished until Couturat published the original Latin manuscript in 1903. Only after 1960 was a German translation made by F. Schmidt and an English translation by G. H. R. Parkinson. The present translation provides extensive reference notes to Leibniz' other manuscripts, and a commentary and notes to the text. In these respects it has some advantages over previous translations. The translation is clear although the work itself is (...)
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  13.  50
    Space and Time. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):568-568.
    The virtue of this book is that it brings together in one volume discussions related to our ordinary conception of space and time on the one hand and discussions related to the conception of space and time in contemporary physical theory on the other. Thus we have discussion of the topology, metrical geometry, and tri-dimensionality of space; absolute vs. relative space; the order and direction of time in physical theory; the size and physical limits of the universe; and the beginning (...)
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  14.  45
    The Anatomy of Inquiry. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):634-634.
    A book which attempts to introduce the reader to current problems in the philosophy of science, and at the same time to provide a new and significant treatment of some of these problems. The "modest empiricism" which Scheffler has espoused in a number of previous publications is given a detailed presentation in a study of historical attempts to provide meaning for three crucial concepts in the field: explanation, signification and confirmation.--R. H. K.
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  15.  36
    Christ the Center. [REVIEW]G. K. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (2):342-342.
    In 1933, Bonhoeffer delivered some lectures on Christology at the University of Berlin. They were later reconstructed by his students and finally published in 1960 in Germany. This book is the English translation of that reconstruction. The book contains an introduction and sections on "The Present Christ--The 'Pro me'," and "The Historical Christ." Underlying these are the valid questions Bonhoeffer thought Christology should answer: who? and where? rather than the invalid traditional question: how? Who is Jesus Christ? These questions lead (...)
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  16.  36
    Directives and Norms. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):138-138.
    The expressed aim of Alf Ross' study is to lay the philosophical foundations for deontic logic by explicating the concepts of directive and norm. But there is a wider significance to his task, for he makes clear throughout that the concepts of directive and norm are central to a wide variety of disciplines, including moral, legal, and social philosophy, linguistics and the other social sciences. Moreover, the test of adequacy of his explications include an appeal to the usefulness the concepts (...)
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  17.  44
    Referring. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):574-574.
    This book considers some of the problems of a logical nature about reference which have troubled contemporary philosophers--particularly problems about existence, identity, and definite descriptions. It deals with five philosophers who have been especially concerned with these logical problems: Meinong, Frege, Russell, Strawson, and Quine. The pivotal chapters concern Russell's theory of descriptions and Strawson's well-known critique of that theory in his paper "On Referring." According to Linsky, some of Strawson's criticisms of Russell hit their mark; but not all of (...)
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  18.  35
    God and the Soul. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):741-741.
    Peter Geach brings the same careful attention to logical detail to these studies in the philosophy of religion and philosophy of mind as he has brought to other philosophical works. Some of the topics discussed here, however, will surprise some readers of Geach's earlier works, e.g., reincarnation, immortality, creation, praying for things to happen, and worshipping the right God. There are separate chapters on these topics as well as chapters on thought, form and existence, and the moral law. It should (...)
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  19.  43
    The Behaviorial Basis of Perception. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (3):587-587.
    A highly technical theory of visual perception is developed in the first half of this psychological study with the aid of set-theoretical symbols and a complex array of variables ranging over states of the various sub-systems of the organism related to perception. In the later chapters the author describes several new and crucial experiments favoring the theory over other theories of perception, and discusses its philosophical implications for a behavioral account of mind. Those who wade through the welter of symbols (...)
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  20.  42
    The Poverty of Liberalism. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):570-570.
    This is a careful analytical study of some of the central concepts of contemporary political thought. In separate chapters the author deals with the concepts of liberty, loyalty, power, and tolerance, exposing in the process some of the contradictions and confusions of contemporary American liberal and conservative thought. In the first chapter, which takes its point of departure from J. S. Mill's writings on liberty and political economy, Wolff shows that conservatives and liberals in the U.S. often share common principles (...)
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  21.  39
    Topics in Philosophical Logic. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):564-565.
    The aim of this book is to introduce the reader to some new areas of contemporary logic which generally fall under the rubric of philosophical logic. It succeeds in this task to a degree, although the chapters are for the most part adaptations of journal articles published by Rescher over the last ten years and are more self-contained than they might have been. But the book should renew interest in the problems of philosophical logic. It contains many interesting discussions and (...)
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  22.  31
    On the Sources of Knowledge and Ignorance, From Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol. XLVI. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (4):678-678.
    In this British Academy lecture, Popper argues for a reformulation of epistemological questions. In the past we have asked for the ultimate sources of knowledge and thus begged for authoritarian answers. He charges that this question of origins is relevant to the determination of meaning but not to the determination of truth. The historical sections are often interesting in their own right, especially those on the conspiracy theory of ignorance.--R. H. K.
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  23.  37
    The Philosophy of Being. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (1):196-196.
    Intended for students of Thomistic metaphysics, this is a companion to Smith's earlier work on Natural Theology. From the basic question of being, stated in terms of the one and the many, a consistent metaphysics is developed. Stress is put upon the questions of our knowledge and the cause of being, and the relations of metaphysics, epistemology, and theology in Thomistic philosophy. The treatments of analogy, possibility, abstraction, and the transcendentals are especially informative.--R. H. K.
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  24.  29
    Greek Mathematical Thought and the Origin of Algebra. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (1):132-132.
    This is a translation of Jacob Klein's study "Die Griechische Logistik und die Entstehung der Algebra" which appeared in 1934-1936. His principal thesis is that the Renaissance mathematicians of the sixteenth century did not simply continue the work of the Greek and Arab mathematicians but in the process of developing ancient mathematics introduced a radically new conception of number which has since guided modern mathematical thought. The central figure in this revolution is Vieta. Klein traces the influence of Vieta's ideas (...)
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  25.  28
    Ethical Philosophies of India. [REVIEW]J. K. R. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (4):731-731.
    The author outlines and compares the ethics of the six orthodox systems, Buddhism, Jainism and the Cärväka System as well as the ethical teaching of the Vedas, Upanishads and the Bahagavadgïtä. The concluding four chapters deal with the ethics of Tagore, Radhakrishnan, Gandhi and Nehru. Dr. Sharma is particularly concerned with showing that the ethics of these schools have more in common than is ordinarily supposed, that ethics must be grounded in metaphysics and that the ethical theories of the East (...)
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  26.  26
    Mathematical Epistemology and Psychology. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):372-373.
    When in 1950, the distinguished psychologist, Jean Piaget, published a book on the relation of logic and psychology, the book was severely criticized in the journal Methodos by the logician E. V. Beth. Piaget asked to get together with Beth to discuss the issues involved. The result, over 15 years later, is the present book. Beth is the author of the first half in which he defends the complete autonomy of logic in relation to psychology by means of a partly (...)
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  27.  26
    On the Use of Philosophy. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):527-527.
    Three short essays on the position of the philosopher and philosophy in modern society. Maritain illuminates the situation of the philosopher in a milieu of conflicting systems. The final essay, which deals with the relation of science and religion, shows evidence of a growing appreciation by Maritain of the aims of modern science.--R. H. K.
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  28.  7
    Atomic Order: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Microphysics. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):739-739.
    The first part of this long two-part work is a history of the development of the modern theory of the atom from Dalton to the present. The second part offers philosophical reflections on this history beginning with a discussion of epistemological implications and following that with an account of ontological implications. The author deals with familiar questions about the reality of micro-particles, complementarity, indeterminism, the role of the observer and other topics. But he also discusses topics like holism, atomic order, (...)
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  29.  29
    Philosophical Logic. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):754-755.
    Many of the papers in this volume originated in a colloquium at the University of Western Ontario in 1967. These include a paper on the logic of norms by G. H. Von Wright, a paper on the logic of questions by L. Åqvist, a paper on the logic of belief by W. Sellars, and a paper on inductive logic by R. Ackermann. The commentaries by Anderson and Sosa have been revised for the volume and a further commentary to Ackermann's paper (...)
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  30.  22
    Frege's Logical Theory. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):579-580.
    This book is far more than an exposition of Frege's logical system and semantic concepts, although it is that. The author puts forward the challenging thesis that in trying to cope with Russell's paradox Frege deserted principles of his system which he had relied on throughout. Sternfeld attempts to show, by offering his own interpretation of Frege's logical theory, that if Frege had relied consistently on his previously formulated logical principles, Russell's paradox would have given him no trouble. Further, he (...)
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  31.  27
    Time, Change and Contradiction. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):569-569.
    In this Eddington Memorial lecture, Von Wright distinguishes two points of view from which a logician may study time. The one focuses interest on the order of temporal events and the macro-aspect of time, its flow from an indefinitely remote past through the present to an indefinitely remote future. The other focuses attention on the micro-aspect of time, the nature of the time medium, on questions of whether time is discrete or infinitely divisible or the internal structure of limited time (...)
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  32.  24
    Studies in the Methodology and Foundations of Science. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):749-749.
    This collection contains twenty-three papers published by Suppes over the last eighteen years. For the most part they are foundational studies ranging over a wide variety of topics in the philosophy of science. The first two of four parts contain papers on methodological issues like models, measurement, probability and utility. There are two papers on models, an axiomatic treatment of extensive quantity and two papers on measurement. The six papers in Part II deal with probability theory and decision theory with (...)
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  33.  24
    Soviet Russian Dialectical Materialism. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (2):379-379.
    The fact that this study of Russian dialectical materialism originally appeared before the demotion of Stalin should not be allowed to obscure its value as a source book in the development of dialectical materialism in the U.S.S.R. The author notes its limitations in the preface to the second edition and remedies the situation somewhat in a second appendix with an account of significant developments from 1950 to 1958. Each of the two major parts of the main text, the first historical (...)
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  34.  19
    Concise History of Logic. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (4):679-679.
    The author offers some interesting suggestions for the rewriting of the history of logic which modern developments in symbolic logic demand. He divides the history into two parts, the first dealing with what is called the Aristotelian core of logic and the improvements made on that core within a basically classical tradition, and the second, with the tradition of improvements inspired by Leibniz' idea of mathematical logic. The book is brief and much less of a comprehensive history than a prolegomena.--R. (...)
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  35.  19
    Die Ästhetik des Thomas von Aquin. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (3):582-583.
    In an introductory sketch of history of scholastic interest in aesthetics, the author notes the reawakening of Thomistic interest in this subject since the last century. He adds, with evidence drawn from nineteenth and twentieth century works, that this interest has been accompanied by methodological confusions and a misunderstanding of the theory of beauty of St. Thomas himself. He seeks to remedy this situation with a scholarly treatment of Aquinas' theory of beauty, divided into two parts; the first a genetic (...)
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  36.  23
    Probability and Inductive Logic. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):748-748.
    For a helpful presentation of the various views on probability and inductive logic as well as a thorough survey of the present literature on these topics, one could hardly do better than this work. Kyburg presents, in separate chapters, classical, frequency, logical, subjectivist and epistemological theories of probability, referring to major classical and contemporary works where each of these views is defended. He presents the common criticisms of each view as well as some criticisms of his own and brings out (...)
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  37.  23
    Pilgrimage to Humanity. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (4):679-680.
    The translator has collected passages from the varied corpus of Schweitzer's writing and has pieced them together into a brief but impressive sketch of the man and the thinker. Some sections are autobiographical; others contain Schweitzer's thoughts on Africa, world peace, on Goethe and Bach among historical figures, and a few of his basic philosophical ideas. An index provides references to the original works.--R. H. K.
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  38.  23
    The Dogmatic Principles of Soviet Philosophy. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (2):379-379.
    In this very brief space the author summarizes in the form of a succession of theses, all but the purely historical sections of Osnovy Marksistskoj Filosofii, the 1958 text of Soviet Marxist Philosophy published by the Institute of Philosophy and the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union. For specialists, this synopsis cannot replace the original text, as yet untranslated into English, but it will provide for the general reader an excellent summary of what is currently, in the author's words, (...)
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  39.  18
    Logics Without Existence Assumptions. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):565-565.
    In this book the author develops his own systems of and semantics for presupposition free logic. He calls his systems logics without existence assumptions, by which he means logical systems which are sound and complete with respect to a semantic theory in which a universe of discourse can be empty but any term which denotes must denote something in the universe, all predicates including identity represent relations holding among members of the universe and the quantifiers range over just all the (...)
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  40.  22
    Understanding Physics Today. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):483-483.
    A physicist searches for models with which to interpret the idea of atomicity in modern physical theory. He favors a notion of atomic connexions over traditional particle and wave interpretations. The implications of physical theory, it is argued, cannot be understood without a familiarity with the mathematical tools, and in particular the experimental procedures of physicists. This is not a crude operationalism but a simple statement of the thesis that much writing in the philosophy of science is of less value (...)
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  41.  21
    Scientific Explanation. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):754-755.
    As the author states, this book could be read as an introductory text on scientific explanation and related topics or as a monograph which introduces some new ideas and takes a stand on these topics. Part I is strictly a textbook treatment of explanations and laws. It is clearly written and is particularly good in the classification of sorts of explanations. Part II is less successful as introductory material, but it contains some novel ideas. The author develops an approach to (...)
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  42.  20
    The Problem of Freedom and Determinism. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):554-554.
    The debate between hard and soft determinists is dealt with in this brief but interesting study. The author argues that there is no empirical dispute between hard and soft determinists. They draw different conclusions from the observed facts and these differences are the result of using different senses of the terms 'freedom' and 'moral responsibility'. Moritz Schlick's Problems of Ethics is the author's favored source for the soft determinist position and well-known articles by Paul Edwards and John Hospers the sources (...)
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  43.  16
    Islamic Philosophy and Theology. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (3):588-588.
    Those looking for extensive accounts of Islamic theological and philosophical systems will not find them in this survey. It presents rather a historical sketch of the political and social forces operating in the Islamic world, from the time of Mohammed to the present, which gave rise to the basic trends in theology and philosophy. The complexity of these forces will impress the Western reader, and those wanting a background for more detailed study of Islamic philosophers and theologians will find the (...)
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  44.  20
    Philosophy, Science and Method: Essays in Honor of Ernest Nagel. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):755-755.
    The essays collected in this volume to honor Ernest Nagel reflect his wide interest in all topics relating philosophy to the natural and social sciences. The essays, written by distinguished philosophers and scientists form a mixed bag, but most of them are very good. The first part, "Science and Inquiry" begins with notes taken by Patrick Suppes of Nagel's lectures on Dewey's logic delivered in 1947. It follows with essays on knowledge by Stuart Hampshire, on intensions and the law of (...)
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  45.  15
    Human Communication Theory. Original Essays. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):572-572.
    Anyone interested in the highly active field of human communication will find this collection of essays by authors in different disciplines a very useful compendium of present results and problems. Communication theory is related in different essays to current work in Anthropology, Neurophysiology, Organization Theory, Philosophy of Language, Psychiatry, Psycholinguistics, Psychology, Sociology, and several other areas. The editor concludes with an essay "Toward a Theory of Human Communication." Each essay contains a very helpful bibliography of work in the appropriate area (...)
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  46.  15
    Negation Und Andersheit: Ein Beitrag Zur Problematik der Letztimplikation. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (3):524-524.
    The German philosopher Rickert substituted for Hegel's formulation of the dialectic a "Heterological Principle of Thought" where identity and otherness become moments within the pure logical object of thought. The logical object of thought takes precedence over dialectical movement, and otherness takes precedence over negation. Flach expounds and defends Rickert's position against its critics. The discussion is specialized but contains some valuable insights into Hegel. --R. H. K.
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  47.  18
    Type Crossings. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):554-555.
    This book is a study of meaning and meaninglessness which takes as its point of departure a discussion of sentences like "The theory of relativity is blue" which some philosophers call category mistakes and which this author calls type crossings. His answer to the question of the basis of the meaninglessness of such sentences differs from most currently fashionable ones. For example, he argues in separate chapters against the view that the basis for the meaninglessness of sentences involving type crossings (...)
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  48.  18
    The Refutation of Determinism. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):562-563.
    In spite of the title, the author of this book asserts that its primary aim is to offer a reasonable account of the concepts of possibility and potentiality. His analysis of these concepts allows him to approach the free will controversy in his own way and to offer many interesting analyses and arguments bearing on the issue. He distinguishes three kinds of non-logical possibility: epistemic or relative possibility, natural possibility or natural power, and possibility of choice or personal power. He (...)
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  49.  14
    Induction, Acceptance and Rational Belief. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):763-764.
    Papers collected in this volume were originally presented at a symposium held at the University of Pennsylvania in December, 1968 and revised in the light of discussion at the symposium for publication. The contributors hold different views about the role played by induction in theories of knowledge and rational belief but many of the papers are conciliatory, reflecting no doubt a good deal of helpful communication at the symposium. For example, Frederic Schick's clearly written and informative lead article considers subjectivist, (...)
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  50.  13
    Bodily Sensations. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (1):142-142.
    The much neglected "fifth sense" provides the subject matter for this analytical study. The author distinguishes two kinds of perception associated with this sense, perception by touch and perception of bodily state, and gives an account of the nature of the sensations proper to each. The latter are divided into intransitive bodily sensations and transitive bodily sensations. The greater part of the book is devoted to developing the thesis that bodily sensations can be interpreted as sense impressions of occurrences in (...)
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