Results for 'Vittorio Lido Chiusano'

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  1. Vittorio Stella testimone del Novecento.Vittorio Lido Chiusano - 2004 - Filosofia Oggi 27 (105):29-52.
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  2. L'immaginazione e il meraviglioso, coll. « Ipotesi ».Pierre-Maxime Schuhl, Lido Chiusano & Teresa Serra - 1976 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 81 (2):277-279.
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  3. Some Possible Problems in Vittorio Villa's Version of Relativism.Vittorio Villa - 2011 - Ideas Y Valores 60 (146).
     
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  4. All’origine dell’interazione con gli altri: Marina Savi intervista Vittorio Gallese.Marina Savi & Vittorio Gallese - 2009 - la Società Degli Individui 35:115-126.
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  5. Mirror Neurons and the Simulation Theory of Mind-Reading.Vittorio Gallese & Alvin I. Goldman - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (12):493-501.
    A new class of visuomotor neuron has been recently discovered in the monkey’s premotor cortex: mirror neurons. These neurons respond both when a particular action is performed by the recorded monkey and when the same action, performed by another individual, is observed. Mirror neurons appear to form a cortical system matching observation and execution of goal-related motor actions. Experimental evidence suggests that a similar matching system also exists in humans. What might be the functional role of this matching system? One (...)
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  6. The Brain's Concepts: The Role of the Sensory-Motor System in Conceptual Knowledge.Vittorio Gallese & George Lakoff - unknown
    Concepts are the elementary units of reason and linguistic meaning. They are conventional and relatively stable. As such, they must somehow be the result of neural activity in the brain. The questions are: Where? and How? A common philosophical position is that all concepts—even concepts about action and perception—are symbolic and abstract, and therefore must be implemented outside the brain’s sensory-motor system. We will argue against this position using (1) neuroscientific evidence; (2) results from neural computation; and (3) results about (...)
     
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  7. A Unifying View of the Basis of Social Cognition.Vittorio Gallese, Christian Keysers & Giacomo Rizzolatti - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (9):396-403.
    In this article we provide a unifying neural hypothesis on how individuals understand the actions and emotions of others. Our main claim is that the fundamental mechanism at the basis of the experiential understanding of others' actions is the activation of the mirror neuron system. A similar mechanism, but involving the activation of viscero-motor centers, underlies the experiential understanding of the emotions of others.
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  8. Vittorio Benussi in the History of Psychology: New Ideas of a Century Ago.Mauro Antonelli - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This book covers the basic guidelines of Vittorio Benussi’s research during the period at Graz and at Padua. It does so in the light of a thorough study of his Nachlass. The book re-evaluates Benussi’s work as a historical piece, and shows how his work is still relevant today, especially in the areas of cognitive psychology and cognitive science. The volume deals with this original and ingenious - though largely ignored - scholar and discusses his work as a leading (...)
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  9. The 'Shared Manifold' Hypothesis: From Mirror Neurons to Empathy.Vittorio Gallese - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (5-7):33-50.
    My initial scope will be limited: starting from a neurobiological standpoint, I will analyse how actions are possibly represented and understood. The main aim of my arguments will be to show that, far from being exclusively dependent upon mentalistic/linguistic abilities, the capacity for understanding others as intentional agents is deeply grounded in the relational nature of action. Action is relational, and the relation holds both between the agent and the object target of the action , as between the agent of (...)
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  10. Embodied Simulation: From Neurons to Phenomenal Experience. [REVIEW]Vittorio Gallese - 2005 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):23-48.
    The same neural structures involved in the unconscious modeling of our acting body in space also contribute to our awareness of the lived body and of the objects that the world contains. Neuroscientific research also shows that there are neural mechanisms mediating between the multi-level personal experience we entertain of our lived body, and the implicit certainties we simultaneously hold about others. Such personal and body-related experiential knowledge enables us to understand the actions performed by others, and to directly decode (...)
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  11.  4
    „Mich beunruhigt, dass wir den Glauben an Wahrheit und Rationalität weitgehend aufgelöst haben“: Ein Gespräch mit Vittorio Hösle.Gustav Melichar & Vittorio Hösle - 2020 - Zeitschrift Für Ethik Und Moralphilosophie 3 (1):91-107.
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  12. What is so Special About Embodied Simulation?Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (11):512-519.
    Simulation theories of social cognition abound in the literature, but it is often unclear what simulation means and how it works. The discovery of mirror neurons, responding both to action execution and observation, suggested an embodied approach to mental simulation. Over the last years this approach has been hotly debated and alternative accounts have been proposed. We discuss these accounts and argue that they fail to capture the uniqueness of embodied simulation (ES). ES theory provides a unitary account of basic (...)
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  13. Before and Below 'Theory of Mind': Embodied Simulation and the Neural Correlates of Social Cognition.Vittorio Gallese - 2007 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 362 (1480):659-669.
  14.  22
    Solving Probabilistic and Statistical Problems: A Matter of Information Structure and Question Form.Vittorio Girotto & Michel Gonzalez - 2001 - Cognition 78 (3):247-276.
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  15.  1
    Forma E Memoria: Scritti in Onore di Vittorio Stella.Raffaele Bruno, Silvia Vizzardelli & Vittorio Stella (eds.) - 2005 - Quodlibet.
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  16.  23
    Children’s Understanding of Posterior Probability.Vittorio Girotto & Michel Gonzalez - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):325-344.
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  17.  1
    Resilience Contributes to Low Emotional Impact of the COVID-19 Outbreak Among the General Population in Italy.Vittorio Lenzo, Maria C. Quattropani, Alessandro Musetti, Corrado Zenesini, Maria Francesca Freda, Daniela Lemmo, Elena Vegni, Lidia Borghi, Giuseppe Plazzi, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Roberto Cattivelli, Emanuela Saita & Christian Franceschini - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  18. Coronavirus: It Feels Like We Are Sliding Into a Period of Unrest, but Political Philosophy Offers Hope.Vittorio Bufacchi - unknown
     
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  19.  20
    Inept Reasoners or Pragmatic Virtuosos? Relevance and the Deontic Selection Task.Vittorio Girotto, Markus Kemmelmeier, Dan Sperber & Jean-Baptiste van der Henst - 2001 - Cognition 81 (2):B69-B76.
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  20.  2
    Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Among Healthcare Workers During the COVID-19 Outbreak and Relationships With Expressive Flexibility and Context Sensitivity.Vittorio Lenzo, Maria C. Quattropani, Alberto Sardella, Gabriella Martino & George A. Bonanno - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study aimed at investigating depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms among healthcare workers and examine the role of expressive flexibility and context sensitivity as key components of resilience in understanding reported symptoms. We hypothesized a significant and different contribution of resilience components in explaining depression, anxiety, and stress. A total sample of 218 Italian healthcare workers participated in this study through an online survey during the lockdown, consequently to the COVID-19. The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21 was used to measure depression, (...)
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  21.  42
    The Bodily Self as Power for Action.Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia - 2010 - Neuropsychologia.
    The aim of our paper is to show that there is a sense of body that is enactive in nature and that enables to capture the most primitive sense of self. We will argue that the body is primarily given to us as source or power for action, i.e., as the variety of motor potentialities that define the horizon of the world in which we live, by populating it with things at hand to which we can be directed and with (...)
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  22.  35
    Vittorio Enzo Alfieri: Atomos Idea, l'Origine del Concetto dell' Atomo nel pensiero greco. Nuova edizione riveduta. Pp. 215. Galatina: Congedo, 1979. Paper. [REVIEW]G. B. Kerferd - 1981 - The Classical Review 31 (1):126-126.
  23.  99
    The Inner Sense of Action: Agency and Motor Representations.Vittorio Gallese - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (10):23-40.
    Discusses the possibility of reconciling different articulations of intentionality from a neurobiological perspective. The author analyzes the relationship between agency and representation and how representation is intrinsically related to action control. The author also presents a new account of action, arguing against what is still commonly held as its proper definition, namely the final outcome of a cascade-like process that starts from the analysis of sensory data, incorporates the result of decision processes, and ends up with responses (actions) to externally-or (...)
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  24. Torture, Terrorism and the State: A Refutation of the Ticking-Bomb Argument.Vittorio Bufacchi & Jean Maria Arrigo - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (3):355–373.
  25.  7
    Empathy and Socially Responsible Consumption: An Experiment with the Vote-with-the-Wallet Game.Vittorio Pelligra & Alejandra Vásquez - 2020 - Theory and Decision 89 (4):383-422.
    We study by means of a laboratory experiment the role of individuals’ empathy in the Vote-with-the-Wallet Game. Our main purpose is to analyze the impact of the ability to empathize on participants’ behavior when asked to choose between two specific types of product: a cheaper conventional good and a more expensive one which, however, produces a positive externality for the other participants. We consider three manipulations: a) a redistribution mechanism where the expensive product is subsidized by the buyers of the (...)
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  26. Colonialism, Injustice, and Arbitrariness.Vittorio Bufacchi - 2017 - Journal of Social Philosophy 48 (2):197-211.
    The current debate on why colonialism is wrong overlooks what is arguably the most discernible aspect of this particular historical injustice: its exreme violence. Through a critical analysis of the recent contributions by Lea Ypi, Margaret Moore and Laura Valentini, this article argues that the violence inflicted on the victims and survivors of colonialism reveals far more about the nature of this historical injustice than generally assumed. It is the arbitrary nature of the power relations between colonizers and the colonized (...)
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  27.  18
    Navigation Strategies as Revealed by Error Patterns on the Magic Carpet Test in Children with Cerebral Palsy.Vittorio Belmonti, Alain Berthoz, Giovanni Cioni, Simona Fiori & Andrea Guzzetta - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  28. Before and Below 'Theory of Mind': Embodied Simulation and the Neural Correlates of Social Cognition.Vittorio Gallese - 2007 - In Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.), Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture. Oxford University Press.
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  29.  1
    The Philosophical Dialogue: A Poetics and a Hermeneutics.Vittorio Hosle - 2012 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    No overall history of the philosophical dialogue has appeared since Rudolf Hirzel's two-volume study was published in 1895. In The Philosophical Dialogue: A Poetics and a Hermeneutics, Vittorio Hösle covers the development of the genre from its beginning with Plato to the late twentieth-century work of Iris Murdoch and Paul Feyerabend. Hösle presents a taxonomy and a doctrine of categories for the complex literary genre of the philosophical dialogue, focusing on the poetical laws that structure the genre, and develops (...)
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  30. Motor Ontology: The Representational Reality of Goals, Actions and Selves.Vittorio Gallese & Thomas Metzinger - 2003 - Philosophical Psychology 16 (3):365 – 388.
    The representational dynamics of the brain is a subsymbolic process, and it has to be conceived as an "agent-free" type of dynamical self-organization. However, in generating a coherent internal world-model, the brain decomposes target space in a certain way. In doing so, it defines an "ontology": to have an ontology is to interpret a world. In this paper we argue that the brain, viewed as a representational system aimed at interpreting the world, possesses an ontology too. It decomposes target space (...)
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  31.  3
    Responding to (Un)Reasonable Requests by an Authority.Vittorio Pelligra, Tommaso Reggiani & Daniel John Zizzo - 2020 - Theory and Decision 89 (3):287-311.
    We consider the notions of static and dynamic reasonableness of requests by an authority in a trust game experiment. The authority, modeled as the experimenter, systematically varies the experimental norm of what is expected from trustees to return to trustors, both in terms of the level of each request and in terms of the sequence of the requests. Static reasonableness matters in a self-biased way, in the sense that low requests justify returning less, but high requests tend to be ignored. (...)
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  32. L'epistolario di Pier Candido Decembrio,«.Vittorio Zaccaria - 1952 - Rinascimento 3:85-118.
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  33. Sulle Opere di Pier Candido Decembrio.Vittorio Zaccaria - 1956 - Rinascimento 7:13-74.
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  34.  32
    The "Conscious" Dorsal Stream: Embodied Simulation and its Role in Space and Action Conscious Awareness.Vittorio Gallese - 2007 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 13.
    The aim of the present article is three-fold. First, it aims to show that perception requires action. This is most evident for some types of visual percept . Second, it aims to show that the distinction of the cortical visual processing into two streams is insufficient and leads to possible misunderstandings on the true nature of perceptual processes. Third, it aims to show that the dorsal stream is not only responsible for the unconscious control of action, but also for the (...)
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  35.  35
    Ist Husserls Phänomenologie Ein Transzendentaler Idealismus?Vittorio Palma - 2005 - Husserl Studies 21 (3):183-206.
  36.  30
    Basic Understanding of Posterior Probability.Vittorio Girotto & Stefania Pighin - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  37.  13
    Embodied Simulation. Its Bearing on Aesthetic Experience and the Dialogue Between Neuroscience and the Humanities.Vittorio Gallese - 2019 - Gestalt Theory 41 (2):113-127.
    Summary Embodied simulation, a basic functional mechanism of our brain, and its neural underpinnings are discussed and connected to intersubjectivity and the reception of human cultural artefacts, like visual arts and film. Embodied simulation provides a unified account of both non-verbal and verbal aspects of interpersonal relations that likely play an important role in shaping not only the self and his/her relation to others, but also shared cultural practices. Embodied simulation sheds new light on aesthetic experience and is proposed as (...)
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  38. The „Shared Manifold‟ Hypothesis: From Mirror Neurons to Empathy.Gallese Vittorio - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (5-7):33-50.
  39.  32
    Truth, Lies and Tweets: A Consensus Theory of Post-Truth.Vittorio Bufacchi - 2021 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 47 (3):347-361.
    This article rejects the received view that Post-Truth is a new, unprecedented political phenomenon. By showing that Truth and Post-Truth share the same genesis, this article will submit the idea of a Consensus Theory of Post-Truth. Part 1 looks at the difference between Post-Truth, lies and bullshit. Part 2 suggests reasons behind the current preoccupation with Post-Truth. Part 3 focuses on Habermas’s influential consensus theory of truth to suggest that truth and Post-Truth have more in common than is generally assumed. (...)
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  40.  20
    On the Emergence of Syntactic Structures: Quantifying and Modeling Duality of Patterning.Vittorio Loreto, Pietro Gravino, Vito D. P. Servedio & Francesca Tria - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (2):469-480.
    The complex organization of syntax in hierarchical structures is one of the core design features of human language. Duality of patterning refers, for instance, to the organization of the meaningful elements in a language at two distinct levels: a combinatorial level, where meaningless forms are combined into meaningful forms; and a compositional level, where meaningful forms are composed into larger lexical units. The question remains wide open regarding how such structures could have emerged. The aim of this paper is to (...)
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  41.  5
    The “One Health” approach in the face of Covid-19: how radical should it be?Vittorio A. Sironi, Silvia Inglese & Andrea Lavazza - 2022 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 17 (1):1-10.
    BackgroundThe 2020-2021 coronavirus pandemic is just the latest epidemic event that requires us to rethink and change our understanding of health. Health should no longer be conceived only in relation to human beings, but in unitary terms, as a dimension that connects humans, animals, plants, and the environment. In general, alterations occurring in this articulated chain of life trigger a domino effect.MethodologyIn this paper, we review the One Health paradigm in the light of the Covid-19 pandemic and distinguish two approaches (...)
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  42.  14
    The Effect of Premise Order in Conditional Reasoning: A Test of the Mental Model Theory.Vittorio Girotto, Alberto Mazzocco & Alessandra Tasso - 1997 - Cognition 63 (1):1-28.
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  43.  1
    Vittorio Possenti. Filosofia e rivelazione, Un contributo al dibattito su ragione e fede [Filozofia a objawienie. Przyczynek do debaty na temat rozumu i wiary].Stanisław Ziemiański - 1970 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 8 (1):294-297.
    Książka nawiązuje do encykliki Papieża Jana Pawła II Fides et ratio. W czterech rozdziałach są w niej omawiane takie pojecia, jak: filozofia, objawienie, prawda, wiara, rozum, metafizyka, mądrość. Possenti wyraża nadzieję, że nie tylko objawienie jest katolickie, tzn. powszechne, ale także rozum. Dzięki temu jest możliwe pogodzenie wiary i rozumu. Książka jest pisana przystępnym, spokojnym, nieagresywnym językiem, zrozumiała także dla czytelników mniej obeznanych z filozofią. Jeśli nie odpowiada na wszystkie pytania i nie rozwiązuje wszystkich trudności, to przynajmniej pokazuje, gdzie kryją (...)
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  44.  12
    Young Children Do Not Succeed in Choice Tasks That Imply Evaluating Chances.Vittorio Girotto, Laura Fontanari, Michel Gonzalez, Giorgio Vallortigara & Agnès Blaye - 2016 - Cognition 152:32-39.
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  45.  13
    Conditionals and Probability.Vittorio Girotto & Philip N. Johnson-Laird - 2010 - In M. Oaksford & N. Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thought. Oxford University Press. pp. 103--115.
  46.  24
    Power and the Internet.Vittorio Bertola - 2010 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 8 (4):323-337.
    PurposeStarting from the end‐to‐end principle, a founding element of the internet's technical architecture, the paper aims to discuss its extension and effects at the social level. It shows how the internet moves power from governments and private entities to individual citizens, restructuring our societies and creating a new global stakeholder class – individual users of the internet. It connects the advent of this stakeholder class with a traditional principle of internet governance, “rough consensus”. It discusses advantages and risks of this (...)
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  47. A Spectrum of Definitions for Temporal Model-Based Diagnosis.Vittorio Brusoni, Luca Console, Paolo Terenziani & Daniele Theseider Dupré - 1998 - Artificial Intelligence 102 (1):39-79.
  48.  42
    Book Review: The Epistemology of Resistance, by José MedinaThe Epistemology of Resistance, by MedinaJosé. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. [REVIEW]Vittorio Bufacchi - 2015 - Political Theory 43 (1):142-144.
  49.  64
    How the Body in Action Shapes the Self.Vittorio Gallese & Corrado Sinigaglia - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (7-8):117-143.
    In the present paper we address the issue of the role of the body in shaping our basic self-awareness. It is generally taken for granted that basic bodily self-awareness has primarily to do with proprioception. Here we challenge this assumption by arguing from both a phenomenological and a neurophysiological point of view that our body is primarily given to us as a manifold of action possibilities that cannot be reduced to any form of proprioceptive awareness. By discussing the notion of (...)
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  50.  34
    Visions of the body. Embodied simulation and aesthetic experience.Vittorio Gallese - 2017 - Aisthesis: Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 10 (1):41-50.
    The present contribution is mainly intended to illustrate how some recent discoveries in the field of neurosciences have revolutionized our ideas about perception, action and cognition, and how these new neuro-scientific perspectives can shed light on the human relationship to art and aesthetics, in the frame of an approach known as "experimental aesthetics". Experimental aesthetics addresses the problem of artistic images by investigating the brain-body physiological correlates of the aesthetic experience and human creativity, providing a perspective that is complementary, and (...)
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