Results for 'Vitalism'

570 found
Order:
See also
  1. Vitalism and Cognition in a Conscious Universe.Marco Masi - 2022 - Communicative and Integrative Biology 15 (1).
    According to the current scientific paradigm, what we call ‘life’, ‘mind’, and ‘consciousness’ are considered epiphenomenal occurrences, or emergent properties or functions of matter and energy. Science does not associate these with an inherent and distinct existence beyond a materialistic/energetic conception. ‘Life’ is a word pointing at cellular and multicellular processes forming organisms capable of specific functions and skills. ‘Mind’ is a cognitive ability emerging from a matrix of complex interactions of neuronal processes, while ‘consciousness’ is an even more elusive (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Mechanism, Vitalism and Organicism in Late Nineteenth and Twentieth-Century Biology: The Importance of Historical Context.Garland E. Allen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):261-283.
    The term ‘mechanism’ has been used in two quite different ways in the history of biology. Operative, or explanatory mechanism refers to the step-by-step description or explanation of how components in a system interact to yield a particular outcome . Philosophical Mechanism, on the other hand, refers to a broad view of organisms as material entities, functioning in ways similar to machines — that is, carrying out a variety of activities based on known chemical and physical processes. In the early (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  3.  26
    Vitalism as Pathos.Thomas Osborne - 2016 - Biosemiotics 9 (2):185-205.
    This paper addresses the remarkable longevity of the idea of vitalism in the biological sciences and beyond. If there is to be a renewed vitalism today, however, we need to ask – on what kind of original conception of life should it be based? This paper argues that recent invocations of a generalized, processual variety of vitalism in the social sciences and humanities above all, however exciting in their scope, miss much of the basic originality – and (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  4.  45
    Vitalistic Causality in Young Children's Naive Biology.Kayoko Inagaki & Giyoo Hatano - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (8):356-362.
  5. Vitalism and the Scientific Image: An Introduction.Sebastian Normandin & Charles T. Wolfe - 2013 - In Sebastian Normandin & Charles T. Wolfe (eds.), Vitalism and the scientific image, 1800-2010. Springer.
    Introduction to edited volume on vitalism and/in the life sciences, 1800-2010.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  6. Neither Logical Empiricism nor Vitalism, but Organicism: What the Philosophy of Biology Was.Daniel J. Nicholson & Richard Gawne - 2015 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 37 (4):345-381.
    Philosophy of biology is often said to have emerged in the last third of the twentieth century. Prior to this time, it has been alleged that the only authors who engaged philosophically with the life sciences were either logical empiricists who sought to impose the explanatory ideals of the physical sciences onto biology, or vitalists who invoked mystical agencies in an attempt to ward off the threat of physicochemical reduction. These schools paid little attention to actual biological science, and as (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  7.  22
    Mechanism, Vitalism and Organicism in Late Nineteenth and Twentieth-Century Biology: The Importance of Historical Context.Garland E. Allen - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (2):261-283.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  8. Vitalistic Approaches to Life in Early Modern England.Veronika Szanto - 2015 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 37 (2):209-230.
    Vitalism has been given different definitions and diverse figures have been labelled as vitalists throughout the history of ideas. Concentrating on the seventeenth century, we find that scholars identify as vitalists authors who endorse notions that are in diametrical opposition with each other. I briefly present the ideas of dualist vitalists and monist vitalists and the philosophical and theological considerations informing their thought. In all these varied forms of vitalism the identifiable common motives are the essential irreducibility of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  5
    Opposing Vitalism and Embracing Hospice: How a Theology of the Sabbath Can Inform End-of-Life Care.Sarah K. Sawicki - 2021 - Christian Bioethics 27 (2):169-182.
    Medicine often views hospice care as “giving up,” which results in a reduced quality of end-of-life care for many patients. By integrating a theology of the Sabbath with modern medicine, hospice becomes a sacred and valuable way to honor the dying patient in a comprehensive and holistic way. A theology of Sabbath as “Sacredness in Time” can provide the foundation for a shift in understanding hospice as a legitimate care plan, which shifts the focus from controlling and manipulating space for (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  68
    Vitalism and the Resistance to Experimentation on Life in the Eighteenth Century.Charles T. Wolfe - 2013 - Journal of the History of Biology 46 (2):255-282.
    There is a familiar opposition between a ‘Scientific Revolution’ ethos and practice of experimentation, including experimentation on life, and a ‘vitalist’ reaction to this outlook. The former is often allied with different forms of mechanism – if all of Nature obeys mechanical laws, including living bodies, ‘iatromechanism’ should encounter no obstructions in investigating the particularities of animal-machines – or with more chimiatric theories of life and matter, as in the ‘Oxford Physiologists’. The latter reaction also comes in different, perhaps irreducibly (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  11.  5
    Vitalism Now – A Problematic.Monica Greco - 2021 - Theory, Culture and Society 38 (2):47-69.
    This paper considers whether and how ‘vitalism’ might be considered relevant as a concept today; whether its relevance should be expressed in terms of disciplinary demarcations between the life sciences and the natural sciences; and whether there is a fundamental incompatibility between a ‘vitalism of process’ and a ‘vitalism as pathos’. I argue that the relevance of vitalism as an epistemological and ontological problem concerning the categorical distinction between living and non-living beings must be contextualized historically, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12. A Vitalist Stopover on the Way to a New Materialism.Jane Bennett - 2010 - In Diana H. Coole & Samantha Frost (eds.), New Materialisms: Ontology, Agency, and Politics. Duke University Press. pp. 47--69.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  13. Vitalism and Emergence.Brian P. McLaughlin - 2003 - In T. Balwin (ed.), The Cambridge History of Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 631--639.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  14. The Vitalism of Anne Conway: Its Impact on Leibniz's Concept of the Monad.Carolyn Merchant - 1979 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (3):255-269.
  15.  24
    Introduction: Vitalism Without Metaphysics? Medical Vitalism in the Enlightenment.Charles T. Wolfe - 2008 - Science in Context 21 (4):461-463.
    my introduction to special issue of Science in Context on 18c vitalism.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  16.  11
    Vitalism and Teleology in the Natural Philosophy of Nehemiah Grew.Brian Garrett - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Science 36 (1):63-81.
    This essay examines some aspects of the early history of the vitalism/mechanism controversies by examining the work of Nehemiah Grew in relation to that of Henry More , Francis Glisson and the more mechanistically inclined members of the Royal Society. I compliment and critically comment on John Henry's exploration of active principles in pre-Newtonian mechanist thought. The postulation of ‘active matter’ can be seen as an important support for the new experimental philosophy, but it has theological drawbacks, allowing for (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  17.  23
    Vitalism: Its History and Validity. By L. Richmond Wheeler . (London: H. F. And G. Witherby, Ltd. 1939. Pp. Xii + 275. Price 15s. Net.). [REVIEW]A. D. Ritchie - 1939 - Philosophy 14 (56):495-.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  91
    From Substantival to Functional Vitalism and Beyond: Animas, Organisms and Attitudes.Charles T. Wolfe - 2011 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 14:212-235.
    I distinguish between ‘substantival’ and ‘functional’ forms of vitalism in the eighteenth century. Substantival vitalism presupposes the existence of a (substantive) vital force which either plays a causal role in the natural world as studied scientifically, or remains an immaterial, extra-causal entity. Functional vitalism tends to operate ‘post facto’, from the existence of living bodies to the search for explanatory models that will account for their uniquely ‘vital’ properties better than fully mechanistic models can. I discuss representative (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  19. Vitalism Without Metaphysics? Medical Vitalism in the Enlightenment.Charles T. Wolfe - 2008 - Science in Context 21 (4):461-463.
    This is the introduction to a special issue of 'Science in Context' on vitalism that I edited. The contents are: 1. Guido Giglioni — “What Ever Happened to Francis Glisson? Albrecht Haller and the Fate of Eighteenth-Century Irritability” 2. Dominique Boury— “Irritability and Sensibility: Two Key Concepts in Assessing the Medical Doctrines of Haller and Bordeu” 3. Tobias Cheung — “Regulating Agents, Functional Interactions, and Stimulus-Reaction-Schemes: The Concept of “Organism” in the Organic System Theories of Stahl, Bordeu and Barthez” (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  29
    On the Vitality of Vitalism.Monica Greco - 2005 - Theory, Culture and Society 22 (1):15-27.
    The term ‘vitalism’ is most readily associated with a series of debates among 18th- and 19th-century biologists, and broadly with the claim that the explanation of living phenomena is not compatible with, or is not exhausted by, the principles of basic sciences like physics and chemistry. Scientists and philosophers have continued to address vitalism - mostly in order to reject it - well into the second half of the 20th century, in connection with classic concepts such as mechanism, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  21.  22
    The Vitalist Senghor: On Diagne’s African Art as Philosophy. [REVIEW]Devin Zane Shaw - 2013 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 5 (1):92-98.
    In this essay, I examine Diagne’s claim that the fundamental intuition of Léopold Sédar Senghor’s thought is this: African art is philosophy. Diagne argues that it is from an experience of African art and an encounter with Bergson’s philosophy that Senghor comes to formulate his philosophical thought, which is better understood as vitalist rather than essentialist. I conclude by arguing that Senghor’s vitalism is a philosophy of becoming which nevertheless lacks an account of radical political change.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  18
    Vitalism and the Scientific Image, 1800-2010.Sebastian Normandin & Charles T. Wolfe (eds.) - 2013 - Springer.
    TOC -/- 0. Introduction (SN/CW) -/- I. Revisiting vitalist themes in 19th-century science -/- 1. Guido Giglioni (Warburg Institute) – Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and the Place of Irritability 2. in the History of Life and Death 3. Joan Steigerwald (York) – Rethinking Organic Vitality in Germany at the Turn of the Nineteenth Century 4. Juan Rigoli (Geneva) –The “Novel of Medicine” 5. Sean Dyde (Cambridge) – Life and the Mind in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Somaticism in the Wake of Phrenology. -/- II. Twentieth (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  24
    Mechanism, Vitalism, Naturalism. A Logico-Historical Study.Edgar A. Singer - 1946 - Philosophy of Science 13 (2):81-99.
    The literature of our day shows experimental scientists to be divided between two schools of thought, now generally called Mechanist and Vitalist. The literature of any day these last 2000 years would tell the same tale, but for occasional changes of name. Where an issue dividing scientists is seen to be an experimental issue, it presents no challenge to the philosopher. His interest is limited to the question, How shall we find out? and where all are agreed as to the (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  24. Taking Vitalism and Dualism Seriously: Towards a More Adequate Materialism.William P. Bechtel - 1982 - Nature and System 4 (March-June):23-44.
  25. The vitalist-existentialist interpretation of Wittgenstein’s first philosophy.Wojciech Krysztofiak - 2011 - Diametros:50-70.
    The article presents five arguments in favor of a vitalist-existentialist interpretation of Wittgenstein's first philosophy. It points out the inter-textual links between the Treatise and the vitalist transcendental tradition developed in the nineteenth century by Dilthey and Royce. Attention is also drawn to the various types of interpretations of Wittgenstein's first philosophy. The vitalist-existentialist interpretation does not ignore the logical content of the Treatise.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  13
    Causation, Vitalism, and Hume.Bradford McCall - 2017 - Philosophy and Theology 29 (2):341-351.
    Causation has troubled philosophers since the time of Aristotle, and they have sought to clarify the concept of causation because of its implications for other philosophical issues. The most radical change in the meaning of “cause” occurred during the late seventeenth, in which there emerged a strong tendency to understand causal relations as instantiations of deterministic laws. In this essay, I note how early modern philosophers, eminently apparent in Hume, reacted to the notion of vitalism and posited a conception (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  3
    Vitalism and Reductionism in Liebig's Physiological Thought.Timothy O. Lipman - 1967 - Isis 58 (2):167-185.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  28. The Vitalism of Hans Driesch.Edward T. Smith - 1955 - The Thomist 18:186-227.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  23
    Vitalism and System: Jacobi and Fichte on Philosophy and Life (Vol 33.1, Np, 2003).R. Ahlers - 2003 - Idealistic Studies 33 (2-3):237-237.
    This paper thematizes the crucial agreement and point of departure between Jacobi and Fichte at the height of the “atheism controversy.” The argument on the proper relationship between philosophy and existence or speculation and life had far-reaching consequences in the history of thought after Jacobi and Fichte in German Idealism on the one hand, primarly advocated by Schelling and Hegel, and on the other hand by existentialism and vitalism. The essay focuses first on Jacobi’s philosophy of life, which centrally (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  3
    The History & Theory of Vitalism. Authorised Translation by C.K. Ogden. Rev. And in Part Re-Written for the English Ed. By the Author. [REVIEW]Hans Driesch - 1914 - Macmillan.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  31.  43
    Vitalism and System: Jacobi and Fichte on Philosophy and Life.Rolf Ahlers - 2003 - Idealistic Studies 33 (1):83-113.
    This paper thematizes the crucial agreement and point of departure between Jacobi and Fichte at the height of the “atheism controversy.” The argument on the proper relationship between philosophy and existence or speculation and life had far-reaching consequences in the history of thought after Jacobi and Fichte in German Idealism on the one hand, primarly advocated by Schelling and Hegel, and on the other hand by existentialism and vitalism. The essay focuses first on Jacobi’s philosophy of life, which centrally (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  10
    Vitalism and System: Jacobi and Fichte on Philosophy and Life.Rolf Ahlers - 2003 - Idealistic Studies 33 (1):83-113.
    This paper thematizes the crucial agreement and point of departure between Jacobi and Fichte at the height of the “atheism controversy.” The argument on the proper relationship between philosophy and existence or speculation and life had far-reaching consequences in the history of thought after Jacobi and Fichte in German Idealism on the one hand, primarly advocated by Schelling and Hegel, and on the other hand by existentialism and vitalism. The essay focuses first on Jacobi’s philosophy of life, which centrally (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  15
    Montpellier Vitalism and the Emergence of Alienism in France : The Case of the Passions.Philippe Huneman - 2008 - Science in Context 21 (4):615-647.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34.  59
    Forget Vitalism: Foucault and Lebensphilosophie.John S. Ransom - 1997 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 23 (1):33-47.
    Recent interpretations of Michel Foucault's work have leaned heavily on a reading that can be traced back to the 'vital ist/mechanist' debate in the philosophy of science from earlier in this century. Friends (Gilles Deleuze) and enemies (Jürgen Habermas) both read Foucault as a kind of vitalist, championing repressed and unrealized life-forces against a burdensome facticity. This reading of Foucault, however, comes with a prohibitively high cost: the giving up of Foucault's most trenchant insights regarding the nature of power. In (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  55
    Vitalism in Nineteenth-Century Scientific Thought: A Typology and Reassessment.E. Benton - 1974 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 5 (1):17.
  36.  20
    Vitalism Revitalized: Vulnerable Populations, Prejudice, and Physician‐Assisted Death.David J. Mayo & Martin Gunderson - 2002 - Hastings Center Report 32 (4):14-21.
  37.  16
    Smithian Vitalism?Charles T. Wolfe - 2018 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 16 (3):264-271.
    reflection on misreadings of Adam Smith as vitalist in light of E Schliesser's Adam Smith book which shows a different interpretive route.
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  12
    Essentialism, Vitalism, and the GMO Debate.Veronika Szántó - 2018 - Philosophy and Technology 31 (2):189-208.
    There has been a long-standing opposition to genetically modified organisms worldwide. Some studies have tried to identify the deep-lying philosophical, conceptual as well as psychological motivations for this opposition. Philosophical essentialism, psychological essentialism, and vitalism have been proposed as possible candidates. I approach the plausibility of the claim that these notions are related to GMO opposition from a historical perspective. Vitalism and philosophical essentialism have been associated with anti-GMO stance on account of their purported hostility to species and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. Vitalism.Morton O. Beckner - 1967 - In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Macmillan. pp. 8--253.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  40.  14
    Medical Vitalism and Philosophical Materialism in the Eighteenth-Century Debate on Monsters.Aurélie Suratteau-Iberraken - 2000 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 22 (1):123-148.
    “It is less a matter of happiness and unhappiness than of darkness and light: one does not consist in a pure and simple privation of the other.” In contrast to Condillac, Diderot begins with the recognition of the mutually reflexive character of the state of suffering, which is independent of an alternation of pleasure and pain. Or rather, the painful state is spontaneously devalued without any invocation of a hypothetical state of constant happiness. The emergence of an affirmation of physical (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  42
    Inventive Life: Approaches to the New Vitalism.Mariam Fraser, Sarah Kember & Celia Lury (eds.) - 2006 - Sage Publications.
    This book demonstrates how and why vitalism—the idea that life cannot be explained by the principles of mechanism—matters now. Vitalism resists closure and reductionism in the life sciences while simultaneously addressing the object of life itself. The aim of this collection is to consider the questions that vitalism makes it possible to ask: questions about the role and status of life across the sciences, social sciences, and humanities and questions about contingency, indeterminacy, relationality and change. All have (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  42.  6
    From Vitalism to Animal Magnetism: The Mesmerist Experiments of Dr Jean-Emmanuel Gilibert.Arnaud Parent - 2020 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 8 (1):72-95.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  21
    Vitalism and Kegon Buddhism.Sumio Takeda - 2011 - New Nietzsche Studies 8 (3-4):65-74.
  44.  19
    Vitalism and the Scientific Image in Post-Enlightenment Life Science, 1800–2010. Edited by Sebastian Normandin and Charles T. Wolfe. Springer, 2013, 377pp, £117. ISBN: 978-94-007-2445-7. [REVIEW]Adam Ferner - 2014 - Philosophy 89 (3):491-494.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Vitalism.E. W. Macbride - 1922 - Scientia 16 (32):13.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. Vitalistic Feminethics : Materiality, Mediation and the End of Necrophilosophy.Patricia MacCormack - 2009 - In Rosi Braidotti, Claire Colebrook & Patrick Hanafin (eds.), Deleuze and Law: Forensic Futures. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Ortegas Vitalism In Relation To Aspects Of Lebenphilosophie And Phenomenology.Howard Tuttle - 1981 - Southwest Philosophical Studies 6.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  13
    The Vitalistic Conception of Salvation as Expressed in Sūkyō Mahikari.Brian McVeigh - 1992 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 19 (1):41-68.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  16
    Why Vitalism.John Kelly - 1930 - Modern Schoolman 6 (3):52-53.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. Vitalism: A Brief Historical and Critical Review.Charles S. Myers - 1900 - Mind 9 (34):218-233.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 570