Results for 'Veli-Tapani Peltoketo'

191 found
Order:
  1. Swipes and Saves: A Taxonomy of Factors Influencing Aesthetic Assessments and Perceived Beauty of Mobile Phone Photographs.Helmut Leder, Jussi Hakala, Veli-Tapani Peltoketo, Christian Valuch & Matthew Pelowski - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Digital images taken by mobile phones are the most frequent class of images created today. Due to their omnipresence and the many ways they are encountered, they require a specific focus in research. However, to date, there is no systematic compilation of the various factors that may determine our evaluations of such images, and thus no explanation of how users select and identify relatively “better” or “worse” photos. Here, we propose a theoretical taxonomy of factors influencing the aesthetic appeal of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  36
    Evaluating Evidence of Mechanisms in Medicine.Veli-Pekka Parkkinen, Christian Wallmann, Michael Wilde, Brendan Clarke, Phyllis Illari, Michael P. Kelly, Charles Norell, Federica Russo, Beth Shaw & Jon Williamson - 2018 - Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.
    The use of evidence in medicine is something we should continuously seek to improve. This book seeks to develop our understanding of evidence of mechanism in evaluating evidence in medicine, public health, and social care; and also offers tools to help implement improved assessment of evidence of mechanism in practice. In this way, the book offers a bridge between more theoretical and conceptual insights and worries about evidence of mechanism and practical means to fit the results into evidence assessment procedures.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  3.  3
    Believable Evidence.Veli Mitova - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    Believable Evidence argues that evidence consists of true beliefs. This claim opens up an entirely overlooked space on the ontology of evidence map, between purely factualist positions and purely psychologist ones. Veli Mitova provides a compelling three-level defence of this view in the first contemporary monograph entirely devoted to the ontology of evidence. First, once we see the evidence as a good reason, metaethical considerations show that the evidence must be psychological and veridical. Second, true belief in particular allows (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  4.  32
    Autonomy, Competence, Relatedness, and Beneficence: A Multicultural Comparison of the Four Pathways to Meaningful Work.Frank Martela & Tapani J. J. Riekki - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  5. Truthy Psychologism About Evidence.Veli Mitova - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (4):1105-1126.
    What sorts of things can be evidence for belief? Five answers have been defended in the recent literature on the ontology of evidence: propositions, facts, psychological states, factive psychological states, all of the above. Each of the first three views privileges a single role that the evidence plays in our doxastic lives, at the cost of occluding other important roles. The fifth view, pluralism, is a natural response to such dubious favouritism. If we want to be monists about evidence and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  6.  7
    Extrapolating From Model Organisms in Pharmacology.Veli-Pekka Parkkinen & Jon Williamson - unknown
    In this chapter we explore the process of extrapolating causal claims from model organisms to humans in pharmacology. We describe and compare four strategies of extrapolation: enumerative induction, comparative process tracing, phylogenetic reasoning, and robustness reasoning. We argue that evidence of mechanisms plays a crucial role in several strategies for extrapolation and in the underlying logic of extrapolation: the more directly a strategy establishes mechanistic similarities between a model and humans, the more reliable the extrapolation. We present case studies from (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  7. Veli‑Matti Kärkkäinen, Spirit and Salvation.Rozalia Horvath - 2018 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 92:297-298.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  37
    A New Argument for the Non-Instrumental Value of Truth.Veli Mitova - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-23.
    Many influential philosophers have claimed that truth is valuable, indeed so valuable as to be the ultimate standard of correctness for intellectual activity. Yet most philosophers also think that truth is only instrumentally valuable. These commitments make for a strange pair. One would have thought that an ultimate standard would enjoy more than just instrumental value. This paper develops a new argument for the non-instrumental value of truth: inquiry is non-instrumentally valuable; and truth inherits some of its value from the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  24
    Valpola Veli. Über den Begriff der Quantität. Ajatus , Bd. 15 , S. 261–298.Wilhelm Ackermann - 1950 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 15 (2):137-137.
    Direct download (5 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  7
    The Factive Turn in Epistemology.Veli Mitova (ed.) - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    When you believe something for a good reason, your belief is in a position to be justified, rational, responsible, or to count as knowledge. But what is the nature of this thing that can make such a difference? Traditionally, epistemologists thought of epistemic normative notions, such as reasons, in terms of the believer's psychological perspective. Recently, however, many have started thinking of them as factive: good reasons for belief are either facts, veridical experiences, or known propositions. This ground breaking volume (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  11.  49
    Decolonising Knowledge Here and Now.Veli Mitova - 2020 - Philosophical Papers 49 (2):191-212.
    The topic of epistemic decolonisation is currently the locus of lively debate both in academia and in everyday life. The aim of this piece is to isolate a few main strands in the philosophical lite...
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  3
    Secondary Analysis of Survey Data with Ecological Variables.Tapani Valkonen - 1969 - Social Science Information 8 (6):33-36.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  11
    Extrapolation and the Russo–Williamson Thesis.Michael Wilde & Veli-Pekka Parkkinen - 2019 - Synthese 196 (8):3251-3262.
    A particular tradition in medicine claims that a variety of evidence is helpful in determining whether an observed correlation is causal. In line with this tradition, it has been claimed that establishing a causal claim in medicine requires both probabilistic and mechanistic evidence. This claim has been put forward by Federica Russo and Jon Williamson. As a result, it is sometimes called the Russo–Williamson thesis. In support of this thesis, Russo and Williamson appeal to the practice of the International Agency (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  14.  30
    Explanatory Injustice and Epistemic Agency.Veli Mitova - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (5):707-722.
    What is going on when we explain someone’s belief by appeal to stereotypes associated with her gender, sexuality, race, or class? In this paper I try to motivate two claims. First, such explanations involve an overlooked form of epistemic injustice, which I call ‘explanatory injustice’. Second, the language of reasons helps us shed light on the ways in which such injustice wrongs the victim qua epistemic agent. In particular, explanatory injustice is best understood as occurring in explanations of belief through (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  15.  13
    Are Model Organisms Theoretical Models?Veli-Pekka Parkkinen - 2017 - Disputatio 9 (47):471-498.
    This article compares the epistemic roles of theoretical models and model organisms in science, and specifically the role of non-human animal models in biomedicine. Much of the previous literature on this topic shares an assumption that animal models and theoretical models have a broadly similar epistemic role—that of indirect representation of a target through the study of a surrogate system. Recently, Levy and Currie have argued that model organism research and theoretical modelling differ in the justification of model-to-target inferences, such (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  26
    Nature of Science Contextualized: Studying Nature of Science with Scientists.Veli-Matti Vesterinen & Suvi Tala - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (4):435-457.
    Understanding nature of science is widely considered an important educational objective and views of NOS are closely linked to science teaching and learning. Thus there is a lively discussion about what understanding NOS means and how it is reached. As a result of analyses in educational, philosophical, sociological and historical research, a worldwide consensus about the content of NOS teaching is said to be reached. This consensus content is listed as a general statement of science, which students are supposed to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  17.  19
    Review: Veli Valpola, Uber Namen. Eine Logische Untersuchung. [REVIEW]Nicholas Rescher & J. F. Thomson - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (3):212-213.
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  40
    Causal Knowledge in Evidence-Based Medicine. In Reply to Kerry Et Al.'S Causation and Evidence-Based Practice: An Ontological Review.Anders Strand & Veli-Pekka Parkkinen - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):981-984.
    Kerry et al. criticize our discussion of causal knowledge in evidence-based medicine (EBM) and our assessment of the relevance of their dispositionalist ontology for EBM. Three issues need to be addressed in response: (1) problems concerning transfer of causal knowledge across heterogeneous contexts; (2) how predictions about the effects of individual treatments based on population-level evidence from RCTs are fallible; and (3) the relevance of ontological theories like dispositionalism for EBM.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  19. Pneumatology: The Holy Spirit in Ecumenical, International, and Contextual Perspective.Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen - 2002
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  20.  9
    Valpola Veli. Über Namen. Eine logische Untersuchung. Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae, series B, vol. 68, no. 1. Helsinki 1950, 21 pp. [REVIEW]Nicholas Rescher & J. F. Thomson - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (3):212-213.
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Of Locke's Presence.Tapani Turkka - 2012 - Res Publica. Murcia 27:75-86.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  37
    Scientific Disagreement and Evidential Pluralism: Lessons From the Studies on Hypercholesterolemia.Veli-Pekka Parkkinen, Federica Russo & Christian Wallmann - 2017 - Humana Mente 10 (32):75-116.
    Inconsistencies between scientific theories have been studied, by and large, from the perspective of paraconsistent logic. This approach considered the formal properties of theories and the structure of inferences one can legitimately draw from theories. However, inconsistencies can be also analysed from the perspective of modelling practices, in particular how modelling practices may lead scientists to form opinions and attitudes that are different, but not necessarily inconsistent. In such cases, it is preferable to talk about disagreement, rather than inconsistency. Disagreement (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23. Book Review: Beyond the Impasse: Toward a Pneumatological Theology of ReligionsBeyond the Impasse: Toward a Pneumatological Theology of ReligionsbyYongAmosBaker Academic, Grand Rapids, 2003. 205 Pp. $17.99. ISBN 0-8010-2612-1. [REVIEW]Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen - 2004 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 58 (3):332-332.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  64
    IF Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics.Gabriel Sandu & Tapani Hyttinen - 2001 - Synthese 126 (1):37-47.
  25.  13
    Could Science Be Interestingly Different?Veli Virmajoki - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 12 (2):303-324.
    In this paper, I investigate the issue of the contingency and inevitability of science. First, I point out valuable insights from the existing discussion about the issue. I then formulate a general framework, built on the notion of contrastive explanation and counterfactuals, that can be used to approach questions of contingency of science. I argue, with an example from the existing historiography of science, that this framework could be useful to historians of science. Finally, I argue that this framework shows (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  26.  20
    What Do I Care About Epistemic Norms?Veli Mitova - 2016 - In Pedro Schmechtig & Martin Grajner (eds.), Epistemic Reasons, Norms, and Goals. De Gruyter. pp. 199-224.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  27.  51
    Why W. K. Clifford Was a Closet Pragmatist.Veli Mitova - 2008 - Philosophical Papers 37 (3):471-489.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  28.  32
    Synthetic Biology and Genetic Causation.Gry Oftedal & Veli-Pekka Parkkinen - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (2):208-216.
    Synthetic biology research is often described in terms of programming cells through the introduction of synthetic genes. Genetic material is seemingly attributed with a high level of causal responsibility. We discuss genetic causation in synthetic biology and distinguish three gene concepts differing in their assumptions of genetic control. We argue that synthetic biology generally employs a difference-making approach to establishing genetic causes, and that this approach does not commit to a specific notion of genetic program or genetic control. Still, we (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  29.  26
    Robustness and Evidence of Mechanisms in Early Experimental Atherosclerosis Research.Veli-Pekka Parkkinen - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 60:44-55.
  30. Split-Screen : Videogame History Through Local Multiplayer Design.Veli-Matti Karhulahti & Pawel Grabarczyk - forthcoming - Design Issues.
    By looking at videogame production through a two-vector model of design – a practice determined by the interplay between economic and technological evolution – we argue that shared screen play, as both collaboration and competition, originally functioned as a desirable pattern in videogame design, but has since become problematic due to industry transformations. This is introduced as an example of what we call design vestigiality: momentary loss of a design pattern’s contextual function due to techno-economical evolution.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  4
    First Trade Activities in Kırşehir and Around.Veli Ünsal - 2012 - Journal of Turkish Studies 7:3169-3180.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  12
    The Method of Democracy: John Dewey's Theory of Collective Intelligence by David Ridley.Veli-Mikko Kauppi - 2021 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 57 (2):295-298.
    John Dewey's writings on social intelligence, collective intelligence and the intelligence of the public have gained renascent attention, especially within democratic theory and democratic education. It has been proposed that pragmatism in general and Dewey in particular, offer an alternative model for democratic participation. This model shares many of the goals of deliberative democratic theory or critical theory, but is proposed to be capable of dodging some of the problems often affiliated with them—such as the powerlessness in the face of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  13
    Valpola Veli. Eine Eigenschaft gewöhnlicher negationsloser Kalküle der Propositionen- und Prädikatenlogik. Mathematica Scandinavica, vol. 3 , pp. 107–114. [REVIEW]P. C. Gilmore - 1957 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 22 (4):380-380.
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  3
    What Do I Care About Epistemic Norms?Veli Mitova - 2016 - In Martin Grajner & Pedro Schmechtig (eds.), Epistemic Reasons, Norms and Goals. De Gruyter. pp. 199-224.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  35.  11
    Orhan Veli'Nin "İstanbul'u Dinliyorum" Şiiri Üzerinden İstanbul'u Göstergebilimsel Okumak.Elif Sayar - 2013 - Journal of Turkish Studies 8 (Volume 8 Issue 9):2185-2185.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Cementing Science. Understanding Science Through Its Development.Veli Virmajoki - 2019 - Dissertation, University of Turku
    In this book, I defend the present-centered approach in historiography of science (i.e. study of the history of science), build an account for causal explanations in historiography of science, and show the fruitfulness of the approach and account in when we attempt to understand science. -/- The present-centered approach defines historiography of science as a field that studies the developments that led to the present science. I argue that the choice of the targets of studies in historiography of science should (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37. The Trinity: Global Perspectives.Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen - 2007
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  24
    Quantum Team Logic and Bell’s Inequalities.Tapani Hyttinen, Gianluca Paolini & Jouko Väänänen - 2015 - Review of Symbolic Logic 8 (4):722-742.
    A logical approach to Bell's Inequalities of quantum mechanics has been introduced by Abramsky and Hardy [2]. We point out that the logical Bell's Inequalities of [2] are provable in the probability logic of Fagin, Halpern and Megiddo [4]. Since it is now considered empirically established that quantum mechanics violates Bell's Inequalities, we introduce a modified probability logic, that we call quantum team logic, in which Bell's Inequalities are not provable, and prove a Completeness Theorem for this logic. For this (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  39. Epistemic Motivation: Towards a Metaethics of Belief.Veli Mitova - 2011 - In Andrew Reisner & Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen (eds.), Reasons for Belief. Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  40.  3
    Variable relativity of causation is good.Veli-Pekka Parkkinen - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-21.
    Interventionism is a theory of causation with a pragmatic goal: to define causal concepts that are useful for reasoning about how things could, in principle, be purposely manipulated. In its original presentation, Woodward’s interventionist definition of causation is relativized to an analyzed variable set. In Woodward, Woodward changes the definition of the most general interventionist notion of cause, contributing cause, so that it is no longer relativized to a variable set. This derelativization of interventionism has not gathered much attention, presumably (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  11
    What Should We Require From an Account of Explanation in Historiography?Veli Virmajoki - 2020 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 16 (1):22-53.
    In this paper, I explicate desiderata for accounts of explanation in historiography. I argue that a fully developed account of explanation in historiography must explicate many explanation-related notions in order to be satisfactory. In particular, it is not enough that an account defines the basic structure of explanation. In addition, the account of explanation must be able to explicate notions such as minimal explanation, complete explanation, historiographical explanation, explanatory depth, explanatory competition, and explanatory goal. Moreover, the account should also tell (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  5
    Orhan Veli'Nin Şiirlerinde Adlar Üzerine Filolojik Bir İnceleme.Erdoğan Saracoğlu - 2013 - Journal of Turkish Studies 8 (Volume 8 Issue 9):2175-2175.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  5
    Valpola Veli. Ein System der negationslosen Logik mit ausschliesslich realisierbaren Prädikaten. Acta philosophica Fennica, no. 9. Helsinki 1955, 247 pp. [REVIEW]P. C. Gilmore - 1957 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 22 (4):355-356.
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  5
    The Importance of Introducing a Merit-Based Hiring System in North Macedonian Governments.Veli Kreci & Larry Hubbell - 2019 - Seeu Review 14 (2):122-134.
    In this article, the authors present several topics related to the nascent development of a merit-based hiring system in North Macedonia. This paper employs a normative approach. We advocate for a merit-based hiring system, similar to the American model. First, we explore the pressure exerted by the European Commission to adopt a merit-based system at all levels of government as a condition for entry into the European Union. Second, we delve into the patronage system in North Macedonia. Third, we provide (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  12
    Ortaöğretim Matematik Öğretim Programı İçeriğinin Rasch Ölçme Modeli Ve Nvivo İle Analizi.Batdi Veli - 2014 - Journal of Turkish Studies 9 (Volume 9 Issue 11):93-93.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  9
    Independence in Finitary Abstract Elementary Classes.Tapani Hyttinen & Meeri Kesälä - 2006 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 143 (1-3):103-138.
    In this paper we study a specific subclass of abstract elementary classes. We construct a notion of independence for these AEC’s and show that under simplicity the notion has all the usual properties of first order non-forking over complete types. Our approach generalizes the context of 0-stable homogeneous classes and excellent classes. Our set of assumptions follow from disjoint amalgamation, existence of a prime model over 0/, Löwenheim–Skolem number being ω, -tameness and a property we call finite character. We also (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  47.  7
    Remarks on Strong Nonstructure Theorems.Tapani Hyttinen, Saharon Shelah & Heikki Tuuri - 1993 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 34 (2):157-168.
  48.  21
    Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials: How Trial Documents Justify the Use of Randomisation and Placebo.Tapani Keränen, Arja Halkoaho, Emmi Itkonen & Anna-Maija Pietilä - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):2.
    Randomised clinical trials involve procedures such as randomisation, blinding, and placebo use, which are not part of standard medical care. Patients asked to participate in RCTs often experience difficulties in understanding the meaning of these and their justification.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49.  4
    Remarks on Structure Theorems for $\omega_{1}$ -Saturated Models.Tapani Hyttinen - 1995 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 36 (2):269-278.
    We give a characterization for those stable theories whose $\omega_{1}$-saturated models have a "Shelah-style" structure theorem. We use this characterization to prove that if a theory is countable, stable, and 1-based without dop or didip, then its $\omega_{1}$-saturated models have a structure theorem. Prior to us, this is proved in a paper of Hart, Pillay, and Starchenko . Some other remarks are also included.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  50.  6
    Çoklu Zek' Kuramı'na Dayalı Öğretimin Erişi, Tutum ve Kalıcılığa Etkisine İlişkin Meta-Analitik Bir.Veli Batdi - 2015 - Journal of Turkish Studies 10 (Volume 10 Issue 7):197-197.
    No categories
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 191