Results for 'Valerie Cwik'

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  1.  29
    Fair, Just and Compassionate: A Pilot for Making Allocation Decisions for Patients Requesting Experimental Drugs Outside of Clinical Trials.Arthur L. Caplan, J. Russell Teagarden, Lisa Kearns, Alison S. Bateman-House, Edith Mitchell, Thalia Arawi, Ross Upshur, Ilina Singh, Joanna Rozynska, Valerie Cwik & Sharon L. Gardner - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (11):761-767.
    Patients have received experimental pharmaceuticals outside of clinical trials for decades. There are no industry-wide best practices, and many companies that have granted compassionate use, or ‘preapproval’, access to their investigational products have done so without fanfare and without divulging the process or grounds on which decisions were made. The number of compassionate use requests has increased over time. Driving the demand are new treatments for serious unmet medical needs; patient advocacy groups pressing for access to emerging treatments; internet platforms (...)
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  2.  13
    Sister's Ghost: Valerie's Story.Valerie J. Mills - 1998 - Anthropology of Consciousness 9 (2-3):56-61.
  3. A Hardcastle, Valerie Gray, 173 Pauen, Michael, 202 Peters, Madelon L., 27 Heywood, CA, 410 Azzopardi, Paul, 292 Hirshman, Elliot, 103 Hobson, J. Allan, 67 R B. [REVIEW]Valerie Huemer, Cristina Ramponi, Talis Bachmann, G. Keith Humphrey, Antti Revonsuo, Marlene Behrmann, Raffaella Ricci, Neil Binder, Edoardo Bisiach & Marc Jeannerod - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7:647.
  4. Gabriel gachelin Valerie chansigaud.Valerie Chansigaud - 2011 - Ludus Vitalis 19 (36):217-229.
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  5.  16
    Lettres échangées avec Paul valéry.Paul Valéry & René Berthelot - 1946 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 51 (1):1 - 6.
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  6. Andrew Garnar Valerie Gray Hardcastle.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2004 - In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford University Press.
     
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  7.  7
    Revising, Correcting, and Transferring Genes.Bryan Cwik - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):7-18.
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  8.  32
    Obstinado rigor: La teoría de la acción poética de Paul Valéry Bogotá: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, 2008 300 páginas. [REVIEW]Paul Valéry - 2011 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 14:253-256.
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  9.  17
    Intergenerational Monitoring in Clinical Trials of Germline Gene Editing.Bryan Cwik - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (3):183-187.
    Design of clinical trials for germline gene editing stretches current accepted standards for human subjects research. Among the challenges involved is a set of issues concerning intergenerational monitoring—long-term follow-up study of subjects and their descendants. Because changes made at the germline would be heritable, germline gene editing could have adverse effects on individuals’ health that can be passed on to future generations. Determining whether germline gene editing is safe and effective for clinical use thus may require intergenerational monitoring. The aim (...)
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  10.  12
    Gene Editing: How Can You Ask “Whether” If You Don't Know “How”?Bryan Cwik - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (3):13-17.
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  11.  5
    Days of Future Past: Reply to Open Peer Commentaries on “Revising, Correcting, and Transferring Genes”.Bryan Cwik - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):W1-W3.
    Volume 20, Issue 8, August 2020, Page W1-W3.
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  12.  29
    Moving Beyond ‘Therapy’ and ‘Enhancement’ in the Ethics of Gene Editing.Bryan Cwik - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (4):695-707.
    :Since the advent of recombinant DNA technology, expectations about the potential for altering genes and controlling our biology at the fundamental level have been sky high. These expectations have gone largely unfulfilled. But though the dream of being able to control our biology is still far off, gene editing research has made enormous strides toward potential clinical use. This paper argues that when it comes to determining permissible uses of gene editing in one important medical context—germline intervention in reproductive medicine—issues (...)
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  13.  48
    Property Rights in Non‐Rival Goods.Bryan Cwik - 2016 - Journal of Political Philosophy 24 (4):470-486.
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  14. Labor as the Basis for Intellectual Property Rights.Bryan Cwik - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (4):681-695.
    In debates about the moral foundations of intellectual property, one very popular strand concerns the role of labor as a moral basis for intellectual property rights. This idea has a great deal of intuitive plausibility; but is there a way to make it philosophically precise? That is, does labor provide strong reasons to grant intellectual property rights to intellectual laborers? In this paper, I argue that the answer to that question is “yes”. I offer a new view, different from existing (...)
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  15.  9
    Well-Being as Value Fulfillment: How We Can Help Each Other to Live Well.Valerie Tiberius - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    What is well-being? This is one of humanity's oldest and deepest questions; Valerie Tiberius offers a fresh answer. She argues that our lives go well to the extent that we succeed in what matters to us emotionally, reflectively, and over the long term. So when we want to help others achieve well-being, we should pay attention to their values.
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  16. Understanding Scientists' Computational Modeling Decisions About Climate Risk Management Strategies Using Values-Informed Mental Models.Lauren Mayer, Kathleen Loa, Bryan Cwik, Nancy Tuana, Klaus Keller, Chad Gonnerman, Andrew Parker & Robert Lempert - 2017 - Global Environmental Change 42:107-116.
    When developing computational models to analyze the tradeoffs between climate risk management strategies (i.e., mitigation, adaptation, or geoengineering), scientists make explicit and implicit decisions that are influenced by their beliefs, values and preferences. Model descriptions typically include only the explicit decisions and are silent on value judgments that may explain these decisions. Eliciting scientists’ mental models, a systematic approach to determining how they think about climate risk management, can help to gain a clearer understanding of their modeling decisions. In order (...)
     
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  17.  44
    Building Community Capacity with Philosophy: Toolbox Dialogue and Climate Resilience.Bryan Cwik, Chad Gonnerman, Michael O'Rourke, Brian Robinson & Daniel Schoonmaker - 2022 - Ecology and Society 27 (2).
    In this article, we describe a project in which philosophy, in combination with methods drawn from mental modeling, was used to structure dialogue among stakeholders in a region-scale climate adaptation process. The case study we discuss synthesizes the Toolbox dialogue method, a philosophically grounded approach to enhancing communication and collaboration in complex research and practice, with a mental modeling approach rooted in risk analysis, assessment, and communication to structure conversations among non-academic stakeholders who have a common interest in planning for (...)
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  18.  8
    Diagnostic Justice: Testing for Covid-19.Ashley Graham Kennedy & Bryan Cwik - 2021 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 17 (2):(SI2)5-25.
    Diagnostic testing can be used for many purposes, including testing to facilitate the clinical care of individual patients, testing as an inclusion criterion for clinical trial participation, and both passive and active surveillance testing of the general population in order to facilitate public health outcomes, such as the containment or mitigation of an infectious disease. As such, diagnostic testing presents us with ethical questions that are, in part, already addressed in the literature on clinical care as well as clinical research (...)
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  19.  70
    Social Structural Explanation.Valerie Soon - 2021 - Philosophy Compass 16 (10):e12782.
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  20.  60
    Implicit bias and social schema: a transactive memory approach.Valerie Soon - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (7):1857-1877.
    To what extent should we focus on implicit bias in order to eradicate persistent social injustice? Structural prioritizers argue that we should focus less on individual minds than on unjust social structures, while equal prioritizers think that both are equally important. This article introduces the framework of transactive memory into the debate to defend the equal priority view. The transactive memory framework helps us see how structure can emerge from individual interactions as an irreducibly social product. If this is right, (...)
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  21.  42
    The Reflective Life: Living Wisely with Our Limits.Valerie Tiberius - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    How can we live life wisely? Tiberius argues that we need to develop the kind of wisdom that emphasizes the importance of learning from experience. We need to care about things that sustain us and give us good experiences, have perspective on our successes and failures, and be moderately self-aware and cautiously optimistic about human nature.
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  22.  67
    The Myth of Pain.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2000 - MIT Press.
    or Browse over 3500 reviews in " by Valerie Hardcastle, Ph.D. " _Metapsychology_.
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  23. Discours de la Méthode. Introd. D'Alain Et de Paul Valéry. Éd. Établie, Présentée Et Annotée Par Samuel S. De Sacy.René Descartes, Samuel Alain, Paul Silvestre de Sacy & Valéry - 1970 - Le-Livre de Poche.
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  24. Lay Denial of Knowledge for Justified True Beliefs.Jennifer Nagel, Valerie San Juan & Raymond A. Mar - 2013 - Cognition 129 (3):652-661.
    Intuitively, there is a difference between knowledge and mere belief. Contemporary philosophical work on the nature of this difference has focused on scenarios known as “Gettier cases.” Designed as counterexamples to the classical theory that knowledge is justified true belief, these cases feature agents who arrive at true beliefs in ways which seem reasonable or justified, while nevertheless seeming to lack knowledge. Prior empirical investigation of these cases has raised questions about whether lay people generally share philosophers’ intuitions about these (...)
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  25.  1
    Reciprocity and Liability Protections During the Covid‐19 Pandemic.Valerie Gutmann Koch & Diane E. Hoffmann - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (3):5-7.
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  26.  20
    Meta-Reasoning: Monitoring and Control of Thinking and Reasoning.Rakefet Ackerman & Valerie A. Thompson - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (8):607-617.
  27.  30
    Conscientious Objection to Participation in Abortion by Midwives and Nurses: A Systematic Review of Reasons.Valerie Fleming, Lucy Frith, Ans Luyben & Beate Ramsayer - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):31.
    Freedom of conscience is a core element of human rights respected by most European countries. It allows abortion through the inclusion of a conscience clause, which permits opting out of providing such services. However, the grounds for invoking conscientious objection lack clarity. Our aim in this paper is to take a step in this direction by carrying out a systematic review of reasons by midwives and nurses for declining, on conscience grounds, to participate in abortion. We conducted a systematic review (...)
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  28.  23
    The Relationship Between Androgen Levels and Human Spatial Abilities.Valerie J. Shute, James W. Pellegrino, Lawrence Hubert & Robert W. Reynolds - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (6):465-468.
  29.  7
    The Genetic Lottery: Why DNA Matters for Social Equality Kathryn Paige Harden Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2021. 320 Pp. ISBN 9780691190808. $29.95 (Hardcover). [REVIEW]Bryan Cwik - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (5):608-609.
    Bioethics, Volume 36, Issue 5, Page 608-609, June 2022.
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  30.  2
    Hierarchy Theory a Vision, Vocabulary, and Epistemology.Valerie Ahl & T. F. H. Allen - 1996 - Columbia University Press.
    This basic guide introduces the relationships between observation, perception, and learning that form the substance of hierarchy theory. This theory aims to answer the question of whether there is a basic structure to nature, comprising discreet levels of organization within an overall pattern.
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  31.  40
    Do 5-Month-Old Infants See Humans as Material Objects?Valerie A. Kuhlmeier, Paul Bloom & Karen Wynn - 2004 - Cognition 94 (1):95-103.
  32.  16
    Moral Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction.Valerie Tiberius - 2014 - Routledge.
    This is the first philosophy textbook in moral psychology, introducing students to a range of philosophical topics and debates such as: What is moral motivation? Do reasons for action always depend on desires? Is emotion or reason at the heart of moral judgment? Under what conditions are people morally responsible? Are there self-interested reasons for people to be moral? Moral Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction presents research by philosophers and psychologists on these topics, and addresses the overarching question of how empirical (...)
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  33. Fair Trade Managerial Practices: Strategy, Organisation and Engagement.Valéry Bezençon & Sam Blili - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (1):95-113.
    The number of distributors selling Fair Trade products is constantly increasing. What are their motivations to distribute Fair Trade products? How do they organise this distribution? Do they apply and communicate the Fair Trade values? This research, based on five case studies in Switzerland, aims at understanding and structuring the strategies and the managerial practices related to Fair Trade product distribution, as well as analysing if they denote an engagement with Fair Trade principles. The results show a high heterogeneity of (...)
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  34.  39
    Teaching Business Ethics: A 'Classificationist' Approach.Walter Block & Paul F. Cwik - 2007 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 16 (2):98–106.
  35. Visions of Rationality.Valerie M. Chase, Ralph Hertwig & Gerd Gigerenzer - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (6):206-214.
    The classical view that equates rationality with adherence to the laws of probability theory and logic has driven much research on inference. Recently, an increasing number of researchers have begun to espouse a view of rationality that takes account of organisms' adaptive goals, natural environments, and cognitive constraints. We argue that inference is carried out using boundedly rational heuristics, that is, heuristics that allow organisms to reach their goals under conditions of limited time, information, and computational capacity. These heuristics are (...)
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  36. Paul Valéry: per un'estetica della composizione.Benedetta Zaccarello - 2012 - Aisthesis: Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 5 (1).
    Valéry’s conceptions of mind, literature and even philosophy often stress the importance of an effort against heterogeneity that should be led in the name of what the author himself calls pureté. On the other hand, the theories that Valéry develops about composition - which is intended both as an aesthetic and a theoretical concept - show the importance of complexity in his representation of the esprit and allows to compare Valéry’s descriptions of the self with the way he represents creative (...)
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  37.  30
    The Role of Answer Fluency and Perceptual Fluency as Metacognitive Cues for Initiating Analytic Thinking.Valerie A. Thompson, Jamie A. Prowse Turner, Gordon Pennycook, Linden J. Ball, Hannah Brack, Yael Ophir & Rakefet Ackerman - 2013 - Cognition 128 (2):237-251.
    Although widely studied in other domains, relatively little is known about the metacognitive processes that monitor and control behaviour during reasoning and decision-making. In this paper, we examined the conditions under which two fluency cues are used to monitor initial reasoning: answer fluency, or the speed with which the initial, intuitive answer is produced, and perceptual fluency, or the ease with which problems can be read. The first two experiments demonstrated that answer fluency reliably predicted Feeling of Rightness judgments to (...)
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  38.  42
    Hermeneutic Research in Nursing: Developing a Gadamerian-Based Research Method.Valerie Fleming, Uta Gaidys & Yvonne Robb - 2003 - Nursing Inquiry 10 (2):113-120.
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  39.  43
    Conflict, Metacognition, and Analytic Thinking.Valerie A. Thompson & Stephen C. Johnson - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):215-244.
    One hundred and three participants solved conflict and non-conflict versions of four reasoning tasks using a two-response procedure: a base rate task, a causal reasoning task, a denominator neglect task, and a categorical syllogisms task. Participants were asked to give their first, intuitive answer, to make a Feeling of Rightness judgment, and then were given as much time as needed to rethink their answer. They also completed a standardized measure of IQ and the actively open-minded thinking questionnaire. The FORs of (...)
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  40.  13
    Teaching Business Ethics: A?Classificationist? Approach.Walter Block & Paul F. Cwik - 2007 - Business Ethics: A European Review 16 (2):98-106.
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  41.  37
    Feminist Political Theory: An Introduction.Valerie Bryson - 1992 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Feminist Political Theory provides both a wide-ranging history of western feminist thought and a lucid analysis of contemporary debates. It offers an accessible and thought-provoking account of complex theories, which it relates to 'real-life' issues such as sexual violence, political representation and the family. This timely new edition has been thoroughly updated to incorporate the most recent developments in feminism and feminist scholarship throughout, in particular taking into account the impact of black and postmodern feminist thought on feminist political theory.
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  42.  98
    Dual Process Theories: A Metacognitive Perspective.Valerie Thompson - 2009 - In Keith Frankish & Jonathan St B. T. Evans (eds.), In Two Minds: Dual Processes and Beyond. Oxford University Press.
  43.  10
    COVID in NYC: What New York Did, and Should Have Done.Valerie Gutmann Koch & Susie A. Han - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):153-155.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 153-155.
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  44.  22
    Do Smart People Have Better Intuitions?Valerie A. Thompson, Gordon Pennycook, Dries Trippas & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (7):945-961.
  45.  54
    Dirt, Disgust, and Disease: Is Hygiene in Our Genes?Valerie Curtis & Adam Biran - 2001 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44 (1):17-31.
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  46.  67
    Flying Too Close to the Sun? Hubris Among CEOs and How to Prevent It.Valérie Petit & Helen Bollaert - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 108 (3):265-283.
    Hubris among CEOs is generally considered to be undesirable: researchers in finance and in management have documented its unwelcome effects and the media ascribe many corporate failings to CEO hubris. However, the literature fails to provide a precise definition of CEO hubris and is mostly silent on how to prevent it. We use work on hubris in the fields of mythology, psychology, and ethics to develop a framework defining CEO hubris. Our framework describes a set of beliefs and behaviors, both (...)
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  47. Well-Being.Valerie Tiberius & Alexandra Plakias - 2010 - In John Michael Doris (ed.), The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press. pp. 402--432.
    Whether it is to be maximized or promoted as the object of a duty of beneficence, well-being is a vitally important notion in ethical theory. Well-being is a value, but to play the role it has often been assigned by ethical theory it must also be something we can measure and compare. It is a normative concept, then, but it also seems to have empirical content. Historically, philosophical conceptions of well-being have been responsive to the paired demands for normative and (...)
     
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  48.  10
    La Protection des Données Personnelles des Patients Face À la Modernisation de Notre Système de Santé.Valérie Siranyan - 2019 - Médecine et Droit 2019 (158):112-117.
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  49. Arrogance.Valerie Tiberius & John D. Walker - 1998 - American Philosophical Quarterly 35 (4):379 - 390.
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  50. Paul Valéry: Illusions of Civilization.William Kluback - 1996 - Peter Lang.
    "Paul Valery: Illusions of Civilization" opens a vast discussion of the meaning of civilization, in particular, Western civilization. It causes us to face the problems of survival, meaning, and ends. This discussion with Valery is unique - never before has such an encounter taken place. The reader is overwhelmed and challenged. The problems are presented with amazing clarity and depth.".
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